CN111449008A - Large-scale aquatic plant enclosure device - Google Patents

Large-scale aquatic plant enclosure device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111449008A
CN111449008A CN202010444917.6A CN202010444917A CN111449008A CN 111449008 A CN111449008 A CN 111449008A CN 202010444917 A CN202010444917 A CN 202010444917A CN 111449008 A CN111449008 A CN 111449008A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
net cage
water
culture
valve frame
cage
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010444917.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈斌斌
吴明江
马增岭
林立东
邹定辉
田帅朋
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Wenzhou University
Original Assignee
Wenzhou University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Wenzhou University filed Critical Wenzhou University
Priority to CN202010444917.6A priority Critical patent/CN111449008A/en
Publication of CN111449008A publication Critical patent/CN111449008A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/60Floating cultivation devices, e.g. rafts or floating fish-farms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/60Floating cultivation devices, e.g. rafts or floating fish-farms
    • A01K61/65Connecting or mooring devices therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention discloses a large-scale aquatic plant enclosure device which comprises a support, a floating ball, a fixed rope, a net cage, a culture valve frame and a rolling wheel positioned on the culture valve frame, wherein the support is a profile frame of the whole plastic box, the plastic box is divided into an upper part and a lower part, the upper part is in a trapezoidal arrangement, the culture valve frame floats on the water surface, and the net cage is movably arranged relative to the culture valve frame through the fixed rope; the large aquatic plant enclosure device for the water body has the advantages of simple structure, strong comprehensive adaptability of the water environment and large culture amount of large aquatic plants, the control component adjusts the change of the aquaculture net cage relative to the water surface in real time through the comparison calculation of real-time measurement results and preset parameters based on different requirements of different cultured plants on different water qualities, illumination intensity, temperature, water levels and the like, and the power component is controlled to realize the automatic replacement of aquaculture water in the aquaculture net cage through the preset water replacement period or the measurement results of the change of the water quality in the aquaculture net cage.

Description

Large-scale aquatic plant enclosure device
Technical Field
The invention relates to a large-scale aquatic plant enclosure device, which is mainly used in the field of mariculture.
Background
In the aspect of scientific research, the general aquatic plant cultivation is carried out in a laboratory, but the environmental factors in the experimental mode are difficult to be consistent with the natural conditions. In view of this situation, the importance of in situ culture is highlighted. The in-situ culture is a culture method for artificial culture by fixing a certain area in an offshore sea area by an enclosure device and utilizing natural conditions such as natural seawater, illumination and the like.
At present, the marine aquaculture net cages in the world are various in types and structural styles. The net cages are classified according to the shapes thereof, such as squares, rectangles, polygons, boats, discs, circles, spheres, and the like. The material of the net cage frame is selected from early natural materials such as bamboo, timber and the like, and at present, more plastic products, metal alloys, composite fibers and the like are used. The netting material is made of rattan, cotton, hemp and other materials adopted in the early stage, and polyethylene, nylon, metal netting and the like are adopted at present. The net cages for raising fingerlings include swimming fish net cages and flounder fish special net cages according to life habits.
The net cages are generally divided into 4 basic types, namely, a fixed type, a floating type, a lifting type or a floating and sinking type and a sinking type according to the operation mode, wherein the lifting type utilizes the floating and sinking functions of the net cages to avoid typhoons, red tides, surface layer pollution of the ocean and the like so as to reduce damage to the net cage culture.
Disclosure of Invention
According to the technology, the large aquatic plant culture enclosure device can realize regular automatic or measurement active replacement of culture water in a culture box through self-measurement control and remote manual interference control according to a preset threshold value, and can realize application of different culture targets through the control device.
The invention provides a large aquatic plant enclosure device which is characterized by comprising a bracket, a floating ball, a fixed cable, a net cage, a culture valve frame and a winding wheel positioned on the culture valve frame;
the support is a profile frame of the whole net cage, the net cage is divided into an upper part and a lower part, the upper part is in a trapezoidal shape, the lower part is in a square shape, and the floating balls are uniformly distributed on the lower end surface of the upper part;
one end of the fixed cable is fixed at the lower part of the net cage, and the other end of the fixed cable is connected to the culture valve frame and is used for fixing the net cage on the culture valve frame;
the culture valve frame is also provided with a control device, and the control device comprises a measuring component, a control component, a communication component and an electric power storage component;
the power generation device also comprises a sea wave power generation device which is fixedly arranged below the net cage and is connected with the power storage component.
As a further arrangement of the scheme, the net cage also comprises sinking stones arranged at four corners of the lower part, the sinking stones are made of cement, and 7.5-8 kg of each sinking stone is used for suspending the net cage in water in a lifting manner.
In a further configuration of the above aspect, the support is made of fine steel, the upper bottom edge of the upper trapezoidal platform is 1m, the left and right sides of the upper trapezoidal platform are 0.3m larger than the lower part, that is, the lower bottom edge is 1.6m, the height of the terrace is 0.3m, the lower part is approximately a square profile, the length and the width are both 1m, each corner is in the shape of an arc angle, each edge has a certain radian, and the upper end of the lower square is the upper bottom edge of the upper trapezoidal platform.
As a further arrangement of the scheme, the cultivation valve frame is provided with floating balls, stators and anchor cables for fixing positions.
As a further arrangement of the scheme, the measuring component comprises a temperature measuring instrument, a water level measuring instrument, a salinity measuring instrument, a pH value measuring instrument and a level gauge fixed on the bottom surface of the center of the net cage.
As a further arrangement of the scheme, seedling rope fixing holes are oppositely formed in the left side and the right side of the upper portion of the net cage, and seedling ropes used for fixing cultured plants are further arranged in the seedling rope fixing holes.
As a further arrangement of the scheme, the net cage is formed by sealing and binding the side wall and the bottom of the net cage by PE plastic in a semi-closed manner.
Through the arrangement of the scheme, the net cage is movably arranged relative to the culture valve frame and is connected with the fixed cable through the rolling wheel, the control device is used for controlling the power assembly to drive the rolling wheel to receive and release the fixed cable, floating and sinking of the net cage are achieved, the control assembly can be used for controlling the power assembly to drive the rolling wheel according to the comparison between the detection result of the measurement assembly and the set threshold value, and the length of the rolling wheel for receiving and releasing the fixed cable is adjusted according to different water level requirements and illumination intensity requirements of different cultured crops.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the floating ball and the sinking stone are arranged to realize lifting suspension, the gravity of the sinking stone is greater than the buoyancy of the floating ball, the floating ball can keep the front side of the net cage upward, and the sinking stone can enable the net cage to sink without the traction of a fixed cable;
2. the control device is arranged, and the control assembly controls the power assembly to drive the reel to work so as to realize the position change of the net cage relative to the water surface through presetting and timing, so that the requirements of different breeding targets are met;
3. the control device, the communication assembly and the control assembly are arranged, and the control assembly controls the power assembly to drive the reel to work through presetting and timing, so that the cultivation water and rotten and falling plant stems and leaves in the net cage can be replaced by dumping at one side of the net cage;
4. the scheme is provided with the sea wave power generation device and the power storage device, and the electric energy is provided for the electric equipment by utilizing the ocean kinetic energy, so that the energy utilization rate is improved, and the problem of offshore power supply is solved;
the large aquatic plant enclosure device for the water body has the advantages of simple structure, strong comprehensive adaptability of the water environment and large culture amount of large aquatic plants, the control component adjusts the change of the aquaculture net cage relative to the water surface in real time through the comparison calculation of real-time measurement results and preset parameters based on different requirements of different cultured plants on different water qualities, illumination intensity, temperature, water levels and the like, and the power component is controlled to realize the automatic replacement of aquaculture water in the aquaculture net cage through the preset water replacement period or the measurement results of the change of the water quality in the aquaculture net cage.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a containment apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a cage structure according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a perspective view of the net cage according to the embodiment of the present invention.
Reference numerals: 1. seedling rope fixing holes; 2. a floating ball; 21. a culture valve frame; 22. a winding wheel; 3. a fixed cable; 4. a net cage; 5. sinking the stone; 6. an upper portion; 7. a lower portion; 13. a support; 15. a sea wave power generation device; 17. and a control device.
Detailed Description
The following examples of the present invention are described in detail, and the examples are intended to illustrate the present invention and should not be construed as limiting the present invention, and those without specifying any particular technique or condition in the examples are performed according to the techniques or conditions described in the literature in the art or according to the product specification, and all reagents or apparatuses are not specified, and are all conventional products commercially available.
As shown in fig. 1-3, the large aquatic plant enclosure device is characterized by comprising a bracket 13, a floating ball 2, a fixed cable 3, a net cage 4, a culture valve frame 21 and a rolling wheel 22 positioned on the culture valve frame 21;
the support 13 is a profile frame of the whole net cage 4, the net cage 4 is divided into an upper part 6 and a lower part 7, the upper part 6 is in a trapezoidal arrangement, the lower part 7 is in a square arrangement, and the floating balls 2 are uniformly distributed on the lower end surface of the upper part 6;
one end of the fixed cable 3 is fixed on the lower part 7 of the net cage 4, and the other end is connected to the culture valve frame 21 and used for fixing the net cage 4 on the culture valve frame 21;
the breeding valve frame 21 is further provided with a control device 17, and the control device 17 comprises a measuring component, a control component, a communication component and an electric power storage component;
and the sea wave power generation device 15 is fixedly arranged below the net cage 4 and is connected with the power storage component.
As a further arrangement of the scheme, the net cage 4 further comprises sinking stones 5 arranged at four corners of the lower part 7, the sinking stones 5 are made of cement, and 7.5-8 kg of each sinking stone is used for suspending the net cage 4 in water in a lifting manner.
In a further configuration of the above solution, the support 13 is made of fine steel, the upper bottom side of the trapezoid table of the upper portion 6 is 1m, the left and right sides of the trapezoid table are 0.3m larger than the lower portion 7, i.e. the lower bottom side is 1.6m, the height of the trapezoid table is 0.3m, the lower portion 7 is approximately a square outline, the length and width of the trapezoid table are 1m, each corner is an arc-shaped corner, each side has a certain radian, and the upper end of the square of the lower portion 7 is the upper bottom side of the trapezoid table of the upper portion 6.
As a further arrangement of the above solution, the cultivation valve frame 21 is provided with floating balls and stators and anchor cables for fixing the position.
As a further arrangement of the proposal, the measuring components comprise a temperature measuring instrument, a water level measuring instrument, a salinity measuring instrument, a pH value measuring instrument and a level gauge fixed on the bottom surface of the center of the net cage 4.
As a further arrangement of the scheme, the left side and the right side of the upper part 7 of the net cage 4 are oppositely provided with seedling rope fixing holes 1, and the seedling rope fixing holes 1 are also provided with seedling ropes for fixing cultured plants.
As a further arrangement of the scheme, the net cage 4 is formed by sealing and binding the side wall and the bottom of the net cage 4 with PE plastic in a semi-closed manner.
Through the setting of above-mentioned scheme, box with a net 4 sets up in the activity relatively breeding valve frame 21, connect through reel 22 and fixed cable 3, utilize controlling means 17 control power component drive reel 22 to receive and release fixed cable 3, realize the come-up and sink of box with a net 4, can be according to the contrast of measuring assembly's testing result and settlement threshold value, utilize the control assembly control power component drive reel 22 to realize, to the different water level requirements of different cultured crops, and the illumination intensity requirement, the length that the adjustment reel 22 received and released the fixed cable 3.
Example 1: the device also comprises an operation method for the in-situ culture of the macrophytes on the water surface of the device, which comprises the following steps:
s1, the measuring component automatically detects the water quality and the horizontal position in the net cage 4, and the state of each net cage 4 is adjusted to be consistent by controlling the reel;
s2, when the water quality in the net cage 4 reaches a preset threshold value, the temperature difference between the inside and the outside of the net cage 4 is too large, the water level is too low, the control assembly sends a command to control the one-side winding wheel 22 to wind up, the other side to pay off, and the net cage 4 is dumped to replace the aquaculture water in the cage by utilizing the natural flow of the water;
s3, after pouring for 5 minutes, the control assembly sends a command to control the rolling wheel 22 to work to return to the right state and correct through the level meter; and S4, after all operations are finished, the control device 17 generates a report of the current situation in the net cage 4 and pushes the report to the operator terminal through the communication component.
Preferably, the self-check in S1 is performed according to the set timing of the control module, the control module in S2 sends out a command to replace the culture water, the time can be set to start, and the culture water can be replaced when the water quality does not reach the preset threshold value.
Example 2: the device also comprises an operation method for the device for submerged in-situ culture of the macrophytes, which comprises the following steps:
a1 measuring component detects the water quality, illumination intensity and horizontal position in the net cage 4, and the state of each net cage 4 is adjusted to be consistent by controlling the reel;
a2 setting parameters and control values for the control device through the communication component;
a3, when the net cage 4 reaches a preset threshold value and the illumination intensity of the position of the net cage 4 is too low or too high, the control component sends a command to control the winding wheel 22 to wind up at the same time, so that the net cage 4 moves relative to the culture valve frame 21 floating on the water surface, and floats up or sinks slowly until the target threshold value is reached;
after all the operations of A4 are finished, the control device 17 generates a report of the current situation in the net cage 4 and pushes the report to the operator terminal through the communication component.
Preferably, the retracting length of the fixed cable 3 can be controlled by setting the threshold value of the measuring component according to the change of the breeding target, and the relative position of the net cage 4 and the water surface is controlled.
The large aquatic plant enclosure device for the water body has the advantages of simple structure, strong comprehensive adaptability of the water environment and large culture amount of large aquatic plants, the control component adjusts the change of the aquaculture net cage relative to the water surface in real time through the comparison calculation of real-time measurement results and preset parameters based on different requirements of different cultured plants on different water qualities, illumination intensity, temperature, water levels and the like, and the power component is controlled to realize the automatic replacement of aquaculture water in the aquaculture net cage through the preset water replacement period or the measurement results of the change of the water quality in the aquaculture net cage.
The above description is only for the purpose of illustrating the preferred embodiments of the present invention and it is to be understood that the above description is not to be construed as limiting the present invention, and any modifications, equivalents, improvements and the like made within the design concept of the present invention are included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. A large aquatic plant enclosure device is characterized by comprising a bracket (13), floating balls (2), a fixed rope (3), a net cage (4), a culture valve frame (21) floating on the water surface and a rolling wheel (22) positioned on the culture valve frame (21);
the support (13) is a profile frame of the whole net cage (4), the net cage (4) is divided into an upper part (6) and a lower part (7), the upper part (6) is in a trapezoidal shape, the lower part (7) is in a square shape, and the floating balls (2) are uniformly distributed on the lower end surface of the upper part (6);
one end of the fixed cable (3) is fixed on the lower part (7) of the net cage (4), and the other end of the fixed cable is connected to the breeding valve frame (21) and is used for fixing the net cage (4) on the breeding valve frame (21);
the culture valve frame (21) is also provided with a control device (17), and the control device (17) comprises a measuring component, a control component, a communication component and an electric power storage component;
and the sea wave power generation device (15) is fixedly arranged below the net cage (4) and is connected with the power storage component.
2. The large aquatic plant enclosure device according to claim 1, wherein the net cage (4) further comprises sinking stones (5) arranged at four corners of the lower portion (7), the sinking stones (5) are made of cement, and 7.5-8 kg of each sinking stone is used for suspending the net cage (4) in water in a lifting manner.
3. A macrophyte enclosure according to claim 2, wherein the frame (13) is made of fine steel, the upper side of the trapezoidal platform of the upper part (6) is 1m long, the left and right sides are 0.3m more than the lower part (7), i.e. the lower side is 1.6m, the height of the trapezoidal platform is 0.3m, the lower part (7) is approximately square in outline, the length and width are both 1m, each corner is in the shape of a circular arc, each side has a certain radian, and the upper end of the square of the lower part (7) is the upper side of the trapezoidal platform of the upper part (6).
4. A macrophyte containment device according to claim 3, wherein the farming valve frame (21) is provided with floating balls and stators and anchor lines for securing the position.
5. A macrophyte containment apparatus according to claim 4, wherein the measuring assemblies include temperature, water level, salinity, pH, light level measuring instruments and a level gauge affixed to the central floor of the cage (4).
6. A macrophyte fencing device according to claim 5, wherein the upper portion (7) of the net cage (4) is provided with seedling rope fixing holes (1) on opposite left and right sides, and the seedling rope fixing holes (1) are further provided with seedling ropes for fixing cultivated plants.
7. A macrophyte containment device according to claim 6, wherein the cage (4) is semi-enclosed and is formed by PE plastic sealing of the side walls and bottom of the cage (4).
CN202010444917.6A 2020-05-23 2020-05-23 Large-scale aquatic plant enclosure device Pending CN111449008A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010444917.6A CN111449008A (en) 2020-05-23 2020-05-23 Large-scale aquatic plant enclosure device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010444917.6A CN111449008A (en) 2020-05-23 2020-05-23 Large-scale aquatic plant enclosure device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111449008A true CN111449008A (en) 2020-07-28

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202010444917.6A Pending CN111449008A (en) 2020-05-23 2020-05-23 Large-scale aquatic plant enclosure device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112056253A (en) * 2020-09-11 2020-12-11 苏州市启献智能科技有限公司 Intelligent aquaculture robot for cage-type aquatic product boxes and Internet of things system thereof

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112056253A (en) * 2020-09-11 2020-12-11 苏州市启献智能科技有限公司 Intelligent aquaculture robot for cage-type aquatic product boxes and Internet of things system thereof

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