CN111422564B - Medical treatment medicine spiral vibrations drying equipment - Google Patents

Medical treatment medicine spiral vibrations drying equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111422564B
CN111422564B CN202010323946.7A CN202010323946A CN111422564B CN 111422564 B CN111422564 B CN 111422564B CN 202010323946 A CN202010323946 A CN 202010323946A CN 111422564 B CN111422564 B CN 111422564B
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China
Prior art keywords
hoisting
shaft
fixing plate
vibration
spiral
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CN111422564A (en
Inventor
王太林
李光
唐正宇
黄丽
曹镇宇
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Yueyang Yulin Biotechnology Co.,Ltd.
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Yueyang Yulin Biotechnology Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G27/00Jigging conveyors
    • B65G27/02Jigging conveyors comprising helical or spiral channels or conduits for elevation of materials
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G27/00Jigging conveyors
    • B65G27/10Applications of devices for generating or transmitting jigging movements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G27/00Jigging conveyors
    • B65G27/34Jigging conveyors comprising a series of co-operating units
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G69/00Auxiliary measures taken, or devices used, in connection with loading or unloading
    • B65G69/20Auxiliary treatments, e.g. aerating, heating, humidifying, deaerating, cooling, de-watering or drying, during loading or unloading; Loading or unloading in a fluid medium other than air

Abstract

The invention discloses a medical drug spiral vibration drying device, which belongs to the technical field of medical equipment and comprises a barrel body, a spiral hopper, a vibration device, a conical bottom bin, an air inlet system, an exhaust system and a top cover, wherein the vibration device comprises a driving device, a connecting shaft, an upper fixing plate, a lower fixing plate, a cam, an upper hanging device, a lower hanging device, a square tube and a reinforcing disc, the upper fixing plate, the lower fixing plate and the reinforcing disc are welded together to form a vibration frame body, the driving device drives the connecting shaft to rotate, the cam is arranged on the connecting shaft, the connecting shaft is inserted into the lower part of a central hole of the upper fixing plate, the cam is arranged on the lower part of the connecting shaft, and be located four square tubes, toper end storehouse is the toper structure, and four directions in toper end storehouse are supported by four supporting legs, and there is the discharge gate bottom, have solved current drying effect poor with technical problem with high costs, mainly are applied to the medical field.

Description

Medical treatment medicine spiral vibrations drying equipment
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of medicine drying equipment, in particular to medical medicine spiral vibration drying equipment.
Background
Drying techniques and equipment have a wide range of applications, and relate to the petroleum and chemical industry, the feed industry, the plastics and rubber industry, the wood industry, building material work, the food industry, the pharmaceutical industry and the like, and the drying techniques are techniques with properties of experimental science across industries and subjects. The field of petrochemical industry: according to incomplete statistics, the drying requirement of the petrochemical industry accounts for 70% of the market of the whole drying industry, and the investment of drying equipment in petrochemical equipment in China is large and the energy consumption is high. Petroleum contains a large amount of organic matters, hydrocarbons, oils, petroleum sludge and the like, the boiling points and the gasification heat of the substances are different, a plurality of petrochemical enterprises face a plurality of problems of technical equipment aging, high cost, environmental protection standard exceeding and the like, and some companies even generate secondary pollution. Petrochemical sludge drying is also a major problem faced by petrochemical enterprises, and almost every petrochemical enterprise is confused at present because of insufficient landfill amount and incapability of meeting environmental protection requirements. The field of petrochemical industry needs to find and develop a drying device and a drying method with high efficiency, low energy consumption and low cost. The field of feed industry: the feed industry is a very large industry, and China has become a relatively complete industrial system which is across departments and across disciplines and comprises the feed processing industry, the feed raw material industry and the feed additive industry after the development for more than 20 years. Drying equipment and technology are required to different degrees in the production process of feed raw materials and feed additives, and the drying technology is widely applied to the field of feed industry. The wood industry field: the wood contains a certain amount of water, and according to the difference of tree species, tree age and felling season, in order to ensure the quality and prolong the service life of the wood and wood products, proper measures must be adopted to reduce the water content in the wood, and in order to reduce the water content of the wood, drying equipment and a mode must be adopted to evaporate the water in the wood and leave the wood. The drying of the wood is an important link for guaranteeing and improving the quality of the wood, reducing the loss of the wood and improving the utilization rate of the wood. Meanwhile, wood drying is also the most energy-consuming process in the production process of wood quality. The food industry field is as follows: the important agricultural products except grains in agricultural production of fruits and vegetables are delicious, have rich nutrients, are main sources of vitamins, inorganic substances, carbohydrates and cellulose for people, are rich in vitamin A, carotene and the like in some fruits and vegetables, and the vitamin C in human diet is mainly obtained from the fruits and the vegetables. However, most of fresh fruits and vegetables have moisture content of more than 90%, and the fresh fruits and vegetables are rotten due to slight mishandling in the processes of picking, transporting, storing and transporting and selling, so that the drying treatment after the vegetables and fruits are picked is of great significance. At present, China has several different devices and methods in the aspect of medicine drying, and the devices and the methods have respective advantages and also have a plurality of defects. Drying by a boiling fluidized bed: the equipment is widely applied to pharmacy, chemical industry and food processing, and comprises an air filter, a boiling bed main machine, a cyclone separator or a bag-type dust collector, a high-pressure centrifugal ventilator, an operation table and the like. Because the dry materials have different properties, when the cyclone separator is matched with dust removing equipment, the materials with larger specific gravity only need to be selected. The disadvantages are as follows: the requirements on the dried materials are high, the effect is best when the particle size of the materials is generally required to be not less than 30 micrometers and not more than 4 millimeters, when a plurality of different materials are mixed together for drying, the gravities of the materials are best close to each other, otherwise, the phenomenon that the effect is not complete in drying is poor occurs; since the material dried by the fluidized bed is mixed back violently and the retention time of the material is not uniform, the material which is not dried is discharged out of the bed layer along with the product possibly. A drum dryer: wet material is delivered to a feed hopper by a belt conveyor or a bucket elevator, and enters a drier from a feed inlet, a main body of the rotary drier is a cylinder which is slightly inclined and can rotate, the material enters the cylinder and then is dried by being contacted with hot air passing through the cylinder in a downstream or upstream manner, and a dried product is discharged from the lower part of the other end. During the drying process the material moves under gravity from the high end to the lower end by means of the slow rotation of the drum. The disadvantages are as follows: the equipment has large volume, complex assembly and disassembly, small heat capacity coefficient, low heat efficiency, long retention time of materials in the dryer and large retention time difference among material particles. Rake drying: the rake type drying equipment is a domestic traditional drying technology and has a certain effect on drying various materials in the form of pulp, paste, particles, powder, fibers and the like. The transmission part of the rake type drying equipment adopts a cylindrical gear speed reducer which works stably and is durable, a main shaft adopts a solid shaft, the stable operation of the equipment is ensured, the dried material is added from the middle above the shell, the material moves back and forth in the axial direction under the stirring of the continuous rake teeth which rotate positively and reversely, the surface which is contacted with the inner wall of the shell is continuously updated, and the indirectly heated material is heated. The disadvantages are as follows: the structure is too complex, the cost is expensive, and because of intermittent operation, the drying time is long, and the stock yield is low; and the materials are not easy to be discharged and cleaned, so that the materials are not suitable for frequent exchange.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a spiral drying device for medical drugs, which solves the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: the medical medicine spiral vibration drying equipment is characterized by comprising a barrel body, a spiral hopper, a vibration device, a conical bottom bin, an air inlet system, an exhaust system and a top cover, wherein the vibration device comprises a driving device, a connecting shaft, an upper fixing plate, a lower fixing plate, a cam, an upper hanging device, a lower hanging device, square tubes and a reinforcing disc, the upper fixing plate, the lower fixing plate and the reinforcing disc are welded together to form a vibration frame body, the driving device drives the connecting shaft to rotate, the cam is installed on the connecting shaft, the connecting shaft is inserted into the lower part of a central hole of the upper fixing plate, the cam is installed on the lower part of the connecting shaft and is positioned in the four square tubes, the maximum peripheral circle diameter of the cam is larger than the diameters of inscribed circles of the four square tubes, the upper hanging device is installed in an upper migration hole of the upper fixing plate, the lower hanging device is installed in a lower migration hole of the lower fixing plate, the section of the spiral hopper is trapezoidal, and the spiral hopper extends to the bottom of the barrel body all the time in a spiral shape, the outer edge of the spiral hopper is provided with outer tension springs which are fixed with the inner wall of the barrel body, and the outer tension springs are uniformly distributed in four directions; the inner edge of the spiral hopper is provided with an inner tension spring which is fixed with the vibration frame body, the inner tension springs are evenly distributed in four directions, the upper hoisting device comprises an upper hoisting bolt, an upper hoisting spring and an upper hoisting cover, the upper hoisting bolt is fixed with the inner wall of the top cover, the lower part of the vibration frame body is provided with a lower hoisting device, the lower hoisting device comprises a lower hoisting cover, a lower hoisting spring and a lower hoisting bolt, the spiral hopper is provided with compact holes, the bottom of the barrel body is provided with an air inlet system, the air inlet system comprises an air inlet pipe and an air dispersion coil pipe, the air dispersion coil pipe is provided with compact air holes, the air dispersion coil pipe is right opposite to the lower part of the spiral hopper, the conical bottom bin is positioned at the bottom of the barrel body and is in a conical structure, the four directions of the conical bottom bin are supported by four supporting legs, the bottom is provided with a discharge port, a lower shaft fixing seat is arranged in the conical bottom bin, the periphery of three connecting pieces of the lower shaft fixing seat is welded with the conical bottom, the middle is connected with a shaft sleeve, the lower hoisting bolt is fixed in the shaft sleeve, the exhaust system comprises an inner pipe, a middle pipe, an outer pipe, a cleaning hole, an exhaust pipe and a top plate, and the number of the upper hoisting devices is 4.
The vibrating device is driven by a driving device, the driving device drives a connecting shaft, a cam is installed on the connecting shaft, the driving device drives the cam to rotate periodically after being started, the cam continuously impacts a vibrating frame body to generate vibration, the vibrating frame body drives a rotating hopper to vibrate through an inner side tension spring, and materials gradually slide to the bottom of the barrel body along a trapezoidal groove of a spiral hopper under severe vibration and finally are discharged through a discharge port. The spiral hopper is provided with compact holes, hot air can contact with materials in the trapezoidal groove through the holes, and the contacted air flow carries water vapor to be discharged from an exhaust system. In order to uniformly disperse hot air flow entering the barrel body at the bottom of the spiral hopper, an air inlet system is arranged at the bottom of the barrel body and is provided with an air dispersion coil pipe, compact air holes are formed in the air dispersion coil pipe, and the air dispersion coil pipe is right opposite to the lower part of the spiral hopper.
A spiral hopper: the whole heliciform that is of screw hopper, the trapezoidal aperture that just has the density of cross-section, screw hopper are spiral vibrations drying equipment's core part, and whole screw hopper runs through inside whole staving, from staving top inlet pipe lower part to staving bottom. The spiral hopper includes dovetail groove, punchhole, outside extension spring, inboard extension spring etc. and outside extension spring is installed in spiral hopper outward flange and evenly distributed in four directions, and another end of outside extension spring is fixed with staving inside, and inboard extension spring is installed in spiral hopper inward flange and evenly distributed in four directions, and another end of inboard extension spring is fixed with the vibrations support body.
The seismic frame system: the vibration frame system is an important part of the whole equipment, and the vibration force of the spiral hopper is generated by the vibration device and is transmitted through the vibration frame. Four upper hoisting devices are arranged on the upper part of the vibration frame body and are fixed with the inner wall of the top cover; the lower part of the vibration frame body is provided with a lower hanging device, and the lower hanging device is fixed with the lower shaft fixing seat. The vibration frame system comprises a vibration frame body, an upper hoisting device, a lower hoisting device, an upper fixed plate, a lower fixed plate and the like, wherein the upper hoisting device comprises an upper hoisting bolt, an upper hoisting spring, an upper hoisting cover, a square tube, a reinforcing disc and the like, the lower hoisting device comprises a lower hoisting bolt, a lower hoisting spring, a lower hoisting cover and the like, the vibration frame body is internally formed by welding four square tubes and a plurality of reinforcing discs, the upper fixed plate is welded on the upper part of the vibration frame body, and the lower fixed plate is welded on the lower part of the vibration frame body.
A vibration device: the vibration device is a power source of the whole equipment and also a generation source of the exciting force of the whole system, can continuously provide stable exciting force and is an important component of the whole system. The vibration device is composed of a driving device, a connecting shaft, a cam, an upper hoisting bolt, an upper fixing plate, a square tube and the like. The driving device drives the connecting shaft to rotate, the cam is installed on the connecting shaft, the connecting shaft is inserted into the lower portion of the center hole of the upper fixing plate, the cam is installed on the lower portion of the connecting shaft, the cam is located on the lower portion of the upper fixing plate and located in the four square tubes, the maximum peripheral circle diameter of the cam is larger than the inner circle diameters of the four square tubes, the driving device drives the cam to rotate after being started, the cam continuously impacts the four square tubes, and the vibration support body and the upper hoisting device continuously vibrate.
A conical bottom bin: the storehouse is located the staving bottom at the bottom of the toper, is supporting so part of whole staving, and the storehouse is the toper structure at the bottom of the toper, and four directions in the storehouse are supported by four supporting legs at the bottom of the toper, and there is the discharge gate bottom, internally mounted has the lower shaft fixing base. The conical bottom bin comprises a conical bottom, supporting legs, a discharge port, a lower shaft fixing seat and the like.
Lower axle fixing base: the periphery of the three connecting sheets of the lower shaft fixing seat is welded with the conical bottom, the middle of the lower shaft fixing seat is connected with a shaft sleeve, and a lower hoisting bolt is fixed in the shaft sleeve.
An air intake system: the hot air flow heats the materials in the spiral hopper through the air inlet system, thereby achieving the purpose of drying the materials. The air inlet system comprises an air inlet pipe, an air dispersing coil pipe and the like, the air inlet pipe is welded on the conical surface at the bottom of the conical bottom bin and extends into the conical bottom bin, the air dispersing coil pipe penetrates through the air inlet pipe and spirals in the conical bottom bin, the air dispersing coil pipe is provided with dense air holes, the air holes can disperse introduced hot air, and the air dispersing coil pipe is arranged right below the spiral hopper.
An exhaust system: the hot air flow enters the barrel body and carries the water vapor evaporated by the materials to be discharged from the exhaust system, a small part of fly ash is generated in the drying process of the materials, and the fly ash and the air flow enter the exhaust system together. The fly ash enters the inner pipe firstly, meets the top plate in the upper part of the inner pipe to block, one part of fly ash falls to the barrel body, the other part of fly ash flows downwards along the middle pipe along with the air flow, when meeting the wall of the top cover, the other part of fly ash stays above the conical surface of the top cover, the rest fly ash enters the outer pipe along with the air flow and continues to rise, when meeting the top plate to block, the fly ash falls above the conical surface of the top cover, clean air flow is discharged from the exhaust pipe, the lower part of the outer pipe is provided with a cleaning hole, and the cleaning hole can clean the deposited fly ash. The exhaust system comprises an inner pipe, a middle pipe, an outer pipe, cleaning holes, an exhaust pipe, a top plate, a top cover and the like.
The invention has the following advantages: the invention has wide application field, high automation degree, moderate price and simple operation, solves the defects of various drying devices in the background technology and is suitable for comprehensive popularization and application.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the medical drug spiral vibration drying apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a sectional view of the spiral vibration drying apparatus for medical drugs according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a view showing the structure of a screw hopper of the medical drug screw vibration drying apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a structural view of a vibration frame of the spiral vibration drying device for medical drugs according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a structural view of a vibration device of the spiral vibration drying apparatus for medical drugs according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a structural view of a conical bottom bin of the spiral vibration drying device for medical drugs according to the present invention;
fig. 7 is a structural view of an air outlet system of the medical drug spiral vibration drying device of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Please refer to fig. 1, fig. 2, fig. 3, fig. 4, fig. 5, fig. 6, and fig. 7:
example 1
Medical treatment medicine spiral vibrations drying equipment which characterized in that: the vibrating device 1 comprises a driving device 34, a connecting shaft 33, an upper fixing plate 17, a lower fixing plate 22, a cam 31, an upper hoisting device 29, a lower hoisting device, square tubes 19 and a reinforcing disc 21, wherein the upper fixing plate 17, the lower fixing plate 22 and the reinforcing disc 21 are welded together to form a vibrating frame body 20, the driving device 34 drives the connecting shaft 33 to rotate, the cam 31 is installed on the connecting shaft 33, the connecting shaft 33 is inserted into the lower part of a central hole 18 of the upper fixing plate 17, the cam 31 is installed at the lower part of the connecting shaft 33 and is positioned in the four square tubes 19, the maximum peripheral circle diameter of the cam 31 is larger than the internal circle diameter of the four square tubes, the upper hoisting device 29 is installed in an upper migration hole 16 of the upper fixing plate 17, the lower hoisting device is installed in a lower migration hole 23 of the lower fixing plate 22, the section of the spiral hopper 8 is trapezoidal, the spiral hopper is integrally and spirally extended to the bottom of the barrel body, the outer edge of the spiral hopper 8 is provided with an outer tension spring 13, the outer tension spring 13 is fixed with the inner wall of the barrel body 3, and the outer tension springs 13 are uniformly distributed in four directions; the inner edge of the spiral hopper 8 is provided with an inner tension spring 9, the inner tension spring 9 is fixed with the vibration frame body 20, the inner tension springs 9 are uniformly distributed in four directions, the upper tightly hanging device comprises an upper tightly hanging bolt 26, an upper tightly hanging spring 27 and an upper tightly hanging cover 28, the upper tightly hanging bolt 26 is fixed with the inner wall of the top cover 7, the lower part of the vibration frame body 20 is provided with a lower tightly hanging device, the lower tightly hanging device comprises a lower tightly hanging cover 24, a lower tightly hanging spring 25 and a lower tightly hanging bolt 26, the spiral hopper 8 is provided with compact eyelets 14, the bottom of the barrel body 3 is provided with an air inlet system 4, the air inlet system 4 comprises an air inlet pipe and an air dispersion coil pipe 37, the air dispersion coil pipe 37 is provided with compact air holes 41, the air dispersion coil pipe 37 is right under the spiral hopper 8, the conical bottom bin 12 is positioned at the bottom of the barrel body 3, the conical bottom bin 12 is in a conical structure, the four directions of the conical bottom bin 12 are supported by four supporting legs 35, the bottom is provided with a discharge hole 36, a lower shaft fixing seat 38 is arranged inside the conical bottom bin 12, the periphery of three connecting sheets 40 of the lower shaft fixing seat 38 is welded with the conical bottom, the middle part is connected with the shaft sleeve 38, the lower fastening bolt 26 is fixed in the shaft sleeve 38, the exhaust system 2 comprises an inner pipe 15, a middle pipe 43, an outer pipe 30, a cleaning hole 11, an exhaust pipe 42 and a top plate 44, and the number of the upper fastening devices 29 is 4. The working principle of the invention is as follows: medical drugs enter the barrel body 3 from a feeding pipe on the left side above the top cover, the lower part of the feeding pipe is right opposite to the spiral hopper 8 and is positioned at the uppermost initial position of the spiral hopper 8, the large materials entering the feeding pipe fall into a trapezoidal groove of the spiral hopper 8, the section of the spiral hopper 8 is trapezoidal, the spiral hopper is integrally spirally extended to the bottom of the barrel body 3, an outer tension spring is arranged on the outer edge of the spiral hopper 8, the outer tension spring is fixed with the inner wall of the barrel body, and the outer tension springs are uniformly distributed in four directions; inboard extension spring of spiral hopper inward flange installation, inboard extension spring is fixed with vibrations support body 20, and inboard extension spring evenly distributed is in four directions, vibrator is driven by drive arrangement, drive arrangement drives the connecting axle, install the cam on the connecting axle, drive arrangement drives the cam after the start-up and is periodic rotation, the cam constantly strikes vibrations support body 20 and produces vibrations, vibrations support body 20 drives rotatory hopper vibrations through inboard extension spring, the material is at the gradual landing to the staving bottom of the dovetail groove of spiral hopper down violently shaking, finally through the discharge gate ejection of compact. The spiral hopper is provided with compact holes, hot air can contact with materials in the trapezoidal groove through the holes, and the contacted air flow carries water vapor to be discharged from an exhaust system. In order to uniformly disperse hot air flow entering the barrel body at the bottom of the spiral hopper, an air inlet system is arranged at the bottom of the barrel body and is provided with an air dispersion coil pipe, compact air holes are formed in the air dispersion coil pipe, and the air dispersion coil pipe is right opposite to the lower part of the spiral hopper. The top cap is installed in whole staving upper portion, top cap toper structure, and the inlet pipe is installed on the top cap conical surface and is stretched into to the staving through the top cap inside, installs exhaust system on the top right side conical surface, and exhaust system's inner tube runs through in the conical surface and stretches into one section distance to the staving, and drive arrangement is installed on top cap upper portion, and drive arrangement includes motor, speed reducer etc.. A connecting shaft of the driving device penetrates through the top cover, and the cam is installed at the bottom of the long shaft. The whole heliciform that is of screw hopper, the trapezoidal aperture that just has the density of cross-section, screw hopper are spiral vibrations drying equipment's core part, and whole screw hopper runs through inside whole staving, from staving top inlet pipe lower part to staving bottom. The spiral hopper includes dovetail groove, punchhole, outside extension spring, inboard extension spring etc. and outside extension spring is installed in spiral hopper outward flange and evenly distributed in four directions, and another end of outside extension spring is fixed with staving inside, and inboard extension spring is installed in spiral hopper inward flange and evenly distributed in four directions, and another end of inboard extension spring is fixed with the vibrations support body. For the material in the better fixed dovetail groove, the optional spiral hopper lid of establishing that adds, set up densely covered aperture above the spiral hopper lid, spiral hopper lid covers the spiral hopper, can block partly flying dust after the material drying, whether need add to establish spiral hopper lid and can decide according to concrete material characteristic. The vibration force of the spiral hopper is generated by the vibration device and is transmitted by the vibration frame body. Four upper hoisting devices are arranged on the upper part of the vibration frame body and are fixed with the inner wall of the top cover; the lower part of the vibration frame body is provided with a lower hanging device, and the lower hanging device is fixed with the lower shaft fixing seat. The inside of the vibration frame body is formed by welding four square tubes and a plurality of reinforcing discs, the upper part is welded with an upper fixing plate, and the lower part is welded with a lower fixing plate. The middle of the upper fixing plate above the vibration frame body is provided with a center hole, the diameter of the center hole is larger than the diameter of the maximum peripheral circle of the cam, and the cam can smoothly pass through the center. Four upper migration holes are formed in four corners of the upper fixing plate, the diameter of each upper migration hole is larger than five times of the diameter of each upper hoisting bolt, an upper hoisting device is installed in each upper migration hole, the diameter of each upper hoisting spring is larger than the diameter of each upper migration hole, the periphery of each upper migration hole is compressed by the upper end of each upper hoisting spring, the lower end of each upper hoisting cover is compressed by the lower end of each upper hoisting cover, the lower portion of each upper hoisting cover is fixed by screws, the upper portion of each upper hoisting bolt is fixed to the inner wall of the top cover, when the cam of the vibration device impacts the square tube of the vibration frame body, the vibration frame body can vibrate up and down along the axis under the action of the upper hoisting springs, and can do left-right or front-back transverse vibration in the upper migration holes, the vibration direction is only locally explained left-right and back, and the actual vibration direction can be dispersed to any angle in all directions. The welding of vibrations support body lower part has the bottom plate, open down the migration hole in the middle of the bottom plate, lower fastening bolt installs in the migration hole down, lower migration hole diameter is greater than lower fastening bolt diameter more than fivefold, lower fastening bolt installs on upper portion hangs down the fastening lid, lower fastening lid diameter is greater than the migration hole down, and lie in and move the hole top down and cover the migration hole down, hang fastening lid top down with the screw fixation down, move the hole below down and support by hanging fastening spring down and press, hang fastening spring diameter down and be greater than the migration hole down and install in hanging fastening bolt down, hang fastening bolt lower part down and install in the axle sleeve in the middle of the lower shaft fixing base down, hang fastening spring lower extreme down and support and press the upper edge at the axle sleeve. When the cam of the vibration device impacts the square tube of the vibration frame body, the vibration frame body can vibrate up and down along the axis under the action of the lower hanging spring, and can move left and right or transversely vibrate front and back in the lower moving hole, the vibration direction is only locally explained left and right, and the actual vibration direction can be dispersed to any angle in all directions. The vibration device is a power source of the whole equipment and also a generation source of the exciting force of the whole system, can continuously provide stable exciting force and is an important component of the whole system. The driving device drives the connecting shaft to rotate, the cam is installed on the connecting shaft, the connecting shaft is inserted into the lower portion of the center hole of the upper fixing plate, the cam is installed on the lower portion of the connecting shaft, the cam is located on the lower portion of the upper fixing plate and located in the four square tubes, the maximum peripheral circle diameter of the cam is larger than the inner circle diameters of the four square tubes, the driving device drives the cam to rotate after being started, the cam continuously impacts the four square tubes, and the vibration support body and the upper hoisting device continuously vibrate. The periphery of the three connecting sheets of the lower shaft fixing seat is welded with the conical bottom, the middle of the lower shaft fixing seat is connected with a shaft sleeve, and a lower hoisting bolt is fixed in the shaft sleeve. The hot air flow heats the materials in the spiral hopper through the air inlet system, thereby achieving the purpose of drying the materials. The air inlet pipe is welded on the conical surface at the bottom of the conical bottom bin and extends into the conical bottom bin, the air dispersion coil pipe penetrates through the air inlet pipe and spirals in the conical bottom bin, the air dispersion coil pipe is provided with dense air holes, the air holes can disperse introduced hot air, and the air dispersion coil pipe is right under the spiral hopper. The hot air flow enters the barrel body and carries the water vapor evaporated by the materials to be discharged from the exhaust system, a small part of fly ash is generated in the drying process of the materials, and the fly ash and the air flow enter the exhaust system together. The fly ash enters the inner pipe firstly, meets the top plate in the upper part of the inner pipe to block, one part of fly ash falls to the barrel body, the other part of fly ash flows downwards along the middle pipe along with the air flow, when meeting the wall of the top cover, the other part of fly ash stays above the conical surface of the top cover, the rest fly ash enters the outer pipe along with the air flow and continues to rise, when meeting the top plate to block, the fly ash falls above the conical surface of the top cover, clean air flow is discharged from the exhaust pipe, the lower part of the outer pipe is provided with a cleaning hole, and the cleaning hole can clean the deposited fly ash.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (2)

1. Medical treatment medicine spiral vibrations drying equipment which characterized in that: comprises a barrel body (3), a spiral hopper (8), a vibration device (1), a conical bottom bin (12), an air inlet system (4), an exhaust system (2) and a top cover (7), wherein the vibration device (1) comprises a driving device (34), a connecting shaft (33), an upper fixing plate (17), a lower fixing plate (22), a cam (31), an upper hoisting device (29), a lower hoisting device, a square tube (19) and a reinforcing disc (21), the upper fixing plate (17), the lower fixing plate (22) and the reinforcing disc (21) are welded together to form a vibration frame body (20), the driving device (34) drives the connecting shaft (33) to rotate, the cam (31) is arranged on the connecting shaft (33), the connecting shaft (33) is inserted into the lower part of a center hole (18) of the upper fixing plate (17), the cam (31) is arranged on the lower part of the connecting shaft (33) and is positioned in the four square tubes (19), the largest peripheral circle diameter of the cam (31) is larger than the diameters of the inscribed circles of the four square tubes, the upper tightly hanging device (29) is arranged in an upper transfer hole (16) of an upper fixing plate (17), the lower tightly hanging device is arranged in a lower transfer hole (23) of a lower fixing plate (22), the cross section of the spiral hopper (8) is trapezoidal, the spiral hopper integrally extends to the bottom of the barrel body in a spiral shape, an outer tension spring (13) is arranged on the outer edge of the spiral hopper (8), the outer tension spring (13) is fixed with the inner wall of the barrel body (3), and the outer tension springs (13) are uniformly distributed in four directions; the inner edge of the spiral hopper (8) is provided with an inner side tension spring (9), the inner side tension spring (9) is fixed with the vibration frame body (20), the inner side tension springs (9) are uniformly distributed in four directions, the upper hoisting device comprises an upper hoisting bolt (26), an upper hoisting spring (27) and an upper hoisting cover (28), the upper hoisting bolt (26) is fixed with the inner wall of the top cover (7), the lower part of the vibration frame body (20) is provided with a lower hoisting device, the lower hoisting device comprises a lower hoisting cover (24), a lower hoisting spring (25) and a lower hoisting bolt (26), the spiral hopper (8) is provided with a compact eyelet (14), the bottom of the barrel body (3) is provided with an air inlet system (4), the air inlet system (4) comprises an air inlet pipe and an air dispersion coil pipe (37), the air dispersion coil pipe (37) is provided with a compact air hole (41), the air dispersion coil pipe (37) is right below the spiral hopper (8), the conical bottom bin (12) is positioned at the bottom of the barrel body (3), storehouse (12) is the toper structure at the bottom of the toper, storehouse (12) four directions at the bottom of the toper are supported by four supporting legs (35), there is discharge gate (36) bottom, storehouse (12) internally mounted has lower axle fixing base (38) at the bottom of the toper, welding at the bottom of three connection pieces (40) of lower axle fixing base (38) are peripheral and the toper, middle connection axle sleeve (38), hang down in fastening bolt (26) are fixed in axle sleeve (38), exhaust system (2) include inner tube (15), middle pipe (43), outer tube (30), clearance hole (11), blast pipe (42), and roof (44).
2. The medical drug spiral vibration drying apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the number of the upper tightly hanging devices (29) is 4.
CN202010323946.7A 2020-04-23 2020-04-23 Medical treatment medicine spiral vibrations drying equipment Active CN111422564B (en)

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CN112717445A (en) * 2020-12-24 2021-04-30 张君利 Solid-state extraction element of western medicine

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CN204301464U (en) * 2014-09-25 2015-04-29 南通天泽化工有限公司 Sodium acetate drying equipment
CN206369435U (en) * 2017-01-06 2017-08-01 江苏金陵干燥科技有限公司 Tomography formula vibrating dryer
CN107702506A (en) * 2017-10-24 2018-02-16 黄波 A kind of grain drying device
CN107860184A (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-03-30 南京菱亚汽车技术研究院 A kind of dedusting drying all-in-one corn seed dryer
CN207881352U (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-09-18 江西极尊堂中药制药有限公司 A kind of Chinese medicine preparation spouted bed drying device
CN109237901A (en) * 2018-09-25 2019-01-18 江西中医药大学 Quick detachable combined type plate dryer and pharmaceutical equipment

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN204301464U (en) * 2014-09-25 2015-04-29 南通天泽化工有限公司 Sodium acetate drying equipment
CN206369435U (en) * 2017-01-06 2017-08-01 江苏金陵干燥科技有限公司 Tomography formula vibrating dryer
CN107702506A (en) * 2017-10-24 2018-02-16 黄波 A kind of grain drying device
CN107860184A (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-03-30 南京菱亚汽车技术研究院 A kind of dedusting drying all-in-one corn seed dryer
CN207881352U (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-09-18 江西极尊堂中药制药有限公司 A kind of Chinese medicine preparation spouted bed drying device
CN109237901A (en) * 2018-09-25 2019-01-18 江西中医药大学 Quick detachable combined type plate dryer and pharmaceutical equipment

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Inventor after: Wang Tailin

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