CN111351311A - Warm air type temperature-equalizing wine cabinet and control method - Google Patents

Warm air type temperature-equalizing wine cabinet and control method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111351311A
CN111351311A CN201811571632.8A CN201811571632A CN111351311A CN 111351311 A CN111351311 A CN 111351311A CN 201811571632 A CN201811571632 A CN 201811571632A CN 111351311 A CN111351311 A CN 111351311A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
air supply
equal
less
temperature
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CN201811571632.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马凯
潘东
高淼
王德森
李刚
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Qingdao Haier Special Refrigerator Co Ltd
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Qingdao Haier Special Refrigerator Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201811571632.8A priority Critical patent/CN111351311A/en
Publication of CN111351311A publication Critical patent/CN111351311A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F25D31/00Other cooling or freezing apparatus
    • F25D31/005Combined cooling and heating devices
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F25D17/00Arrangements for circulating cooling fluids; Arrangements for circulating gas, e.g. air, within refrigerated spaces
    • F25D17/04Arrangements for circulating cooling fluids; Arrangements for circulating gas, e.g. air, within refrigerated spaces for circulating air, e.g. by convection
    • F25D17/06Arrangements for circulating cooling fluids; Arrangements for circulating gas, e.g. air, within refrigerated spaces for circulating air, e.g. by convection by forced circulation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F25D29/00Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices
    • F25D29/005Mounting of control devices
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F25D31/00Other cooling or freezing apparatus
    • F25D31/006Other cooling or freezing apparatus specially adapted for cooling receptacles, e.g. tanks
    • F25D31/007Bottles or cans
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F25D2600/00Control issues
    • F25D2600/06Controlling according to a predetermined profile

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Combustion & Propulsion (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Thermal Sciences (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Cold Air Circulating Systems And Constructional Details In Refrigerators (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a warm air type uniform temperature wine cabinet and a control method. The air supply mode of the first air supply outlet is that air is supplied to the left side and the right side of the back of the first storage area respectively in the horizontal direction, and cold air sinks through the two sides and the front of the first storage area and flows back to the first air return opening and the second air return opening to form an airflow circulation route. Compare with traditional gradevin air conditioning from the gradevin rear portion to blowing to the front portion, the air supply mode of the left and right sides avoids air conditioning to blow the beverage bottle directly, reduces the beverage bottle local temperature fluctuation. The double-air-return-opening structure enables airflow circulation inside the wine cabinet to be smoother, and improves temperature uniformity. Thereby realize the inside samming of gradevin, improve the storage environment of red wine, improve user and use experience. And the operation rate of the heating wires is controlled to ensure that the temperature of the air blown out from the air supply outlet is above 0 ℃, so that the warm air effect is achieved.

Description

Warm air type temperature-equalizing wine cabinet and control method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of refrigeration equipment, in particular to a warm air type temperature-equalizing wine cabinet and a control method.
Background
The traditional air-cooled wine cabinet forms a simple air duct through an evaporator, an evaporation fan and a fan cover to form refrigeration cycle, and refrigeration of red wine is completed. An air suction opening of the traditional wine cabinet is positioned at the top, and cold air sinks to be unfavorable for air return, so that the temperature difference inside the wine cabinet is large; the number of the air outlets is only 1, so that air circulation in the wine cabinet is poor, and the temperature difference is large; the air outlet direction is generally from the rear portion of the wine cabinet to the front portion, and the wine bottle is directly blown, so that the local temperature fluctuation of the wine bottle is large. With the improvement of living standard, the requirement of consumers on red wine storage is higher and higher, and the requirement on the temperature uniformity of wine cabinets is higher and higher.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention provides a warm air type temperature equalization wine cabinet and a control method, which realize temperature equalization in the wine cabinet, improve the storage environment of red wine, ensure that the temperature of air blown out from an air supply outlet is above 0 ℃ and achieve the warm air effect.
The invention provides a warm air type temperature-equalizing wine cabinet, which comprises a cabinet body and an air duct arranged in the cabinet body, wherein a plurality of first storage areas, second storage areas and third storage areas for placing red wine are vertically arranged in the cabinet body along the height direction of the cabinet body, an evaporation fan and an evaporator are arranged in the air duct, a first air supply outlet for supplying air to each layer of first storage area in the left-right horizontal direction, a second air supply outlet for supplying air to the second storage area and a third air supply outlet for supplying air to the third storage area are arranged at the left side and the right side of the upper part of the air duct, a fourth air supply outlet is arranged at the top of the air duct, and the air duct is also provided with a first air return opening and a second air return opening for returning air to the first storage area, the second storage area and the third storage area; the inner wall of the air duct is provided with a heating wire, the fourth air supply opening is provided with a temperature sensor, and the evaporator is provided with a defrosting sensor.
Further, the first air return opening is located between the second air supply opening and the third air supply opening, and the second air return opening is located below the third air supply opening.
Further, the second air supply outlet comprises a second air supply outlet A and a second air supply outlet B which are arranged on the left and right, and the third air supply outlet comprises a third air supply outlet A and a third air supply outlet B which are arranged on the left and right.
Further, an air duct cover plate is arranged in the cabinet body, the air duct is formed between the air duct cover plate and the inner wall of the cabinet body, and the first air supply outlet, the second air supply outlet, the third air supply outlet, the fourth air supply outlet, the first air return opening and the second air return opening are formed in the air duct cover plate.
Further, the air duct cover plate comprises an upper air duct cover plate and a lower air duct cover plate, the upper air duct cover plate is provided with the first air supply outlet and the fourth air supply outlet, the lower air duct cover plate is provided with the second air supply outlet, the third air supply outlet, the first air return opening and the second air return opening, and the upper air duct cover plate is provided with the heating wire; an upper air supply channel is formed between the upper air duct cover plate and the inner wall of the cabinet body, and the first air supply outlet and the fourth air supply outlet are respectively communicated with the upper air supply channel; and a left air supply channel and a right air supply channel are formed between the lower air duct cover plate and the inner wall of the cabinet body, the second air supply outlet A and the third air supply outlet A are communicated with the left air supply channel, and the second air supply outlet B and the third air supply outlet B are communicated with the right air supply channel.
Further, the upper air duct cover plate comprises a first vertical portion and a horizontal portion, the first vertical portion is provided with the first air supply opening, the horizontal portion is provided with the fourth air supply opening, a vertical air supply channel is formed between the first vertical portion and the inner wall of the cabinet body, a top horizontal air supply channel is formed between the horizontal portion and the inner wall of the cabinet body, the first air supply opening is communicated with the vertical air supply channel, the fourth air supply opening is communicated with the top horizontal air supply channel, and the heating wires are arranged on the first vertical portion.
Further, the lower air duct cover plate comprises a second vertical part and an arc-shaped part, the second vertical part is provided with the second air supply outlet, the third air supply outlet and the first air return opening, the left air supply channel and the right air supply channel are formed between the second vertical part and the inner wall of the cabinet body, and the first air return channel communicated with the first air return opening is formed in the second vertical part; and a second air return channel communicated with the second air return inlet is formed between the arc-shaped part and the inner wall of the cabinet body.
Furthermore, an evaporation cavity is formed between the second vertical part and the inner wall of the cabinet body, the evaporator is arranged in the evaporation cavity, and the first air return channel and the second air return channel are communicated with the bottom of the evaporation cavity respectively.
Further, a fan volute is arranged on the second vertical portion, the fan volute is provided with an air inlet and three air outlets, the evaporation fan is a centrifugal fan, the centrifugal fan is arranged in the fan volute, the air inlet of the fan volute is communicated with the upper portion of the evaporation cavity, the first air outlet of the fan volute is communicated with the vertical air supply channel, the second air outlet of the fan volute is communicated with the left air supply channel, and the third air outlet of the fan volute is communicated with the right air supply channel.
The invention also provides a control method of the warm air type temperature-equalizing wine cabinet, a compressor connected with the evaporator is arranged in the warm air type temperature-equalizing wine cabinet, and the operation rate of the heating wire is related to the starting or stopping state of the compressor, the temperature T1 of the defrosting sensor and the temperature T2 of the temperature sensor; when the compressor is in a starting state and T2 is less than or equal to-5 ℃, the operation rate of the heating wire is 100-20%; when the compressor is in a shutdown state and T2 is less than or equal to-5 ℃, the operation rate of the heating wire is 50-10%; when T2 > -5 ℃, the operation rate of the heating wire is 0.
Further, when the compressor is in a starting state and T1 is less than or equal to minus 30 ℃ and T2 is less than or equal to minus 5 ℃, the operation of the heating wire is 100 percent; when T is more than-30 and less than or equal to-20 ℃ and T2 is less than or equal to-5 ℃, the operation rate of the heating wire is 80 percent; when T is more than-20 and less than or equal to-15 ℃ and T2 is less than or equal to-5 ℃, the operation rate of the heating wire is 50 percent; when T is more than-15 and less than or equal to-10 ℃ and T2 is less than or equal to-5 ℃, the operation rate of the heating wire is 30 percent; when T is more than-10 ℃ and T2 is less than or equal to-5 ℃, the operation rate of the heating wire is 20 percent.
Further, when the compressor is in a shutdown state, and when T1 ≦ 30 ℃ and T2 ≦ -5 ℃, the operation of the heating wire is 50%; when T is more than-30 and less than or equal to-20 ℃ and T2 is less than or equal to-5 ℃, the operation rate of the heating wire is 40 percent; when T is more than-20 and less than or equal to-15 ℃ and T2 is less than or equal to-5 ℃, the operation rate of the heating wire is 30 percent; when T is more than-15 and less than or equal to-10 ℃ and T2 is less than or equal to-5 ℃, the operation rate of the heating wire is 20 percent; when T is more than-10 ℃ and T2 is less than or equal to-5 ℃, the operation rate of the heating wire is 10 percent.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the advantages and positive effects that:
the invention provides a warm air type temperature-equalizing wine cabinet and a control method thereof.A plurality of first air supply outlets for supplying air to each layer of first storage area, a second air supply outlet for supplying air to a second storage area and a third air supply outlet for supplying air to a third storage area are arranged on an air duct, and a fourth air supply outlet is arranged at the top of the air duct. The air supply mode of the first air supply outlet is that air is supplied to the left side and the right side of the back of the first storage area respectively in the horizontal direction, and cold air sinks through the two sides and the front of the first storage area and flows back to the first air return opening and the second air return opening to form an airflow circulation route. The air duct is internally provided with a heating wire, and the operation rate of the heating wire is related to the on-off state of the compressor, the temperature of the defrosting sensor and the temperature of the temperature sensor. Compare with traditional gradevin air conditioning from the gradevin rear portion to blowing to the front portion, the air supply mode of the left and right sides avoids air conditioning to blow the beverage bottle directly, reduces the beverage bottle local temperature fluctuation. The double-air-return-opening structure enables airflow circulation inside the wine cabinet to be smoother, and improves temperature uniformity. Thereby realize the inside samming of gradevin, improve the storage environment of red wine, improve user and use experience. And the operation rate of the heating wires is controlled to ensure that the temperature of the air blown out from the air supply outlet is above 0 ℃, so that the warm air effect is achieved.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings needed to be used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a warm air type temperature-equalizing wine cabinet according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a sectional view taken along line A-A of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic side view of the warm air type temperature-equalizing wine cabinet according to the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a sectional view taken along line B-B of FIG. 3;
FIG. 5 is a side cross-sectional view of an embodiment of an upper duct cover according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a side cross-sectional view of a lower duct cover embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a front cross-sectional view of an embodiment of a lower duct cover according to the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram of the control method of the warm air type temperature-equalizing wine cabinet of the present invention.
Wherein, 110-a first storage area, 120-a second storage area, 130-a third storage area, 200-a cabinet, 300-an upper air supply channel, 310-a vertical air supply channel, 320-a top horizontal air supply channel, 410-a left air supply channel, 420-a right air supply channel, 500-an upper air duct cover plate, 510-a first vertical part, 511-a first air supply outlet, 520-a horizontal part, 521-a fourth air supply outlet, 522-a temperature sensor, 600-a lower air duct cover plate, 610-a second vertical part, 611-a second air supply outlet, 6111-a second air supply outlet A, 6112-a second air supply outlet B, 612-a third air supply outlet, 6121-a third air supply outlet A, 6122-a third air supply outlet B, 613-a first air return outlet, 620-an arc part, 621-a second return air inlet, 630-a second return air channel, 640-a first return air channel, 700-an evaporator, 800-an evaporation fan, 810-a defrosting sensor and 900-a heating wire.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are some, but not all, embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The invention discloses a warm air type temperature-equalizing wine cabinet, which comprises a cabinet body 200 and an air duct arranged in the cabinet body 200, wherein a plurality of first storage areas 110, second storage areas 120 and third storage areas 130 for placing red wine are vertically arranged in the cabinet body 200 along the height direction of the cabinet body, an evaporation fan 800 and an evaporator 700 are arranged in the air duct, the left side and the right side of the upper part of the air duct are provided with a first air supply opening 511 for supplying air to each layer of the first storage area 110 left and right, a second air supply opening 611 for supplying air to the second storage area 120 and a third air supply opening 612 for supplying air to the third storage area 130, and the air duct is also provided with a first air return opening 613 and a second air return opening 621 for returning air to the first storage area 110, the second storage area 120 and the third storage area 130.
Specifically, for the first air supply opening 511, the air duct supplies cool air to the back of each layer of the first storage area 110 in the horizontal direction from the left side to the right side through the first air supply opening 511, the cool air flows to the front through the left side and the right side of the first storage area 110, and the cool air sinks, and since the first air return opening 613 and the second air return opening 621 are located below the first air supply opening 511, the cool air enters the first air return opening 613 and the second air return opening 621 under the suction force of the first air return opening 613 and the second air return opening 621, so as to form a circulation loop of the air flow. Compared with the traditional wine cabinet air conditioning, the air conditioning is directly blown to the front part from the rear part of the wine cabinet, the horizontal air supply modes on the left side and the right side avoid the air conditioning to directly blow wine bottles, the local temperature fluctuation of the wine bottles is reduced, the internal temperature equalization of the wine cabinet is realized, the storage environment of red wine is improved, and the use experience of a user is improved.
As for the second blowing port 611, the duct supplies cool air to the second storage area 120 through the second blowing port 611, the cool air sinks through the front of the second storage area 120, and enters the first return air port 613 and the second return air port 621 by the suction force of the first return air port 613 and the second return air port 621, forming a circulation loop of the air flow. Similarly, regarding the third blowing port 612, the duct supplies cool air to the third storage area 130 through the third blowing port 612, and the cool air sinks through the front portion of the third storage area 130 and enters the first return air port 613 and the second return air port 621 by the suction force of the first return air port 613 and the second return air port 621, thereby forming a circulation loop of the air flow.
Further, in order to improve the circulation fluidity of the air flow and facilitate the return air, the first return air opening 613 is located between the second supply air opening 611 and the third supply air opening 612, and the second return air opening 621 is located below the third supply air opening 612. Thus, after the cold air output from the plurality of first air supply ports 511 and the second air supply ports 611 at the upper part sinks, a part of the cold air enters the first air return port 613 under the suction effect of the first air return port 613, and the other part of the cold air enters the second air return port 621 under the suction effect of the second air return port 621, so that all the cold air after heat exchange of the wine storage bottle can flow back to the evaporator 700 to enter the next air flow circulation. Meanwhile, the cold air output from the third air supply outlet 612 enters the second air return opening 621 under the suction effect of the second air return opening 621, and flows back to the evaporator 700 to enter the next air flow cycle. The structural design of two return air inlets makes the inside air current circulation of gradevin more smooth and easy, can guarantee that all air conditioning after the heat transfer of storage beverage bottle can both flow back to the evaporimeter and get into next air current circulation, is favorable to improving the inside temperature homogeneity of gradevin.
Further, the second air blowing port 611 includes a second air blowing port a 6111 and a second air blowing port B6112 which are arranged left and right, and the third air blowing port 612 includes a third air blowing port a 6121 and a third air blowing port B6122 which are arranged left and right. The cold air output from the second air outlet a 6111 flows to the front through the back and left sides of the second storage area 120, and the cold air output from the second air outlet B6112 flows to the front through the back and right sides of the second storage area 120. The cold air output from the third air outlet a 6121 flows to the front through the back and left side of the third storage area 130, and the cold air output from the third air outlet B6122 flows to the front through the back and right side of the third storage area 130. The air supply outlet mode of arranging about avoids air conditioning to blow the beverage bottle directly to the front portion by the rear portion, reduces beverage bottle local temperature and undulant, is favorable to realizing the inside samming of gradevin, improves the storage environment of red wine, improves user and uses experience.
Further, in order to guide the airflow, air guide fins a (not shown) are respectively provided on the second air outlet a 6111 and the third air outlet a 6121, and are used for blowing the cold air output from the second air outlet a 6111 to the left side of the second storage area 120 and blowing the cold air output from the third air outlet a 6121 to the left side of the third storage area 130; air guide fins B (not shown) are provided in the second air outlet B6112 and the third air outlet B6122, respectively, for blowing the cold air output from the second air outlet B6112 to the right of the second storage area 120 and blowing the cold air output from the third air outlet B6122 to the right of the third storage area.
Further, the top of the air duct further has a fourth air supply outlet 521, and the cool air blown out from the fourth air supply outlet 521 flows from top to bottom through the front side surface inside the cabinet 200, and finally enters the first air return opening 613 and the second air return opening 621 under the suction effect of the first air return opening 613 and the second air return opening 621. Because the cool air output from the first, second and third air supply outlets 511, 611 and 612 flows from the back of the wine cabinet to the two sides, then flows to the front, sinks and flows back to the first and second air return openings 613 and 621, the temperature of the front of the wine cabinet is slightly higher than that of the back of the wine cabinet, and the temperature difference is compensated by the fourth air supply outlet 521, so as to further improve the temperature uniformity inside the wine cabinet.
The air duct may be an air supply structure completely independent of the cabinet body, or may be formed by matching an air duct cover plate installed in the cabinet body 200 with the inner wall of the cabinet body 200. Specifically, for example, an air duct cover is installed in the cabinet 200 to form an air duct, the cabinet 200 is provided with the air duct cover, the air duct is formed between the air duct cover and the inner wall of the cabinet 200, and the air duct cover 200 is provided with a first air supply outlet 511, a second air supply outlet 611, a third air supply outlet 612, a fourth air supply outlet 521, a first air return opening 613, and a second air return opening 621. Specifically, the air duct cover plate may be mounted to the inner wall of the cabinet 200 in a clamping manner. The evaporator 700 and the evaporation fan 800 are located between the cover plate of the air duct and the inner wall of the cabinet 200, and during air supply and air return of the air duct, cold air formed after heat exchange by the evaporator 700 is output from the first air supply outlet 511, the second air supply outlet 611, the third air supply outlet 612 and the fourth air supply outlet 521 under the action of the evaporation fan 800, and then flows back to the air duct from the first air return opening 613 and the second air return opening 621 located at the lower part to continuously exchange heat with the evaporator 700, so that the circulation flow of air is realized.
Further, in order to ensure that the air outlet of the air supply opening and the return air of the return air opening do not affect each other, the air duct cover plate includes an upper air duct cover plate 500 and a lower air duct cover plate 600, the upper air duct cover plate 500 is provided with a first air supply opening 511 and a fourth air supply opening 521, and the lower air duct cover plate 600 is provided with a second air supply opening 611, a third air supply opening 612, a first return air opening 613 and a second return air opening 621. An upper air supply channel 300 is formed between the upper air duct cover plate 500 and the inner wall of the cabinet body 200, and the first air supply outlet 511 and the fourth air supply outlet 521 are respectively communicated with the upper air supply channel 300; a left air supply channel 410 and a right air supply channel 420 are formed between the lower air duct cover plate 600 and the inner wall of the cabinet body 200, a second air supply outlet A6111 and a third air supply outlet A6121 are communicated with the left air supply channel 410, and a second air supply outlet B6112 and a third air supply outlet B6122 are communicated with the right air supply channel 420.
The upper duct cover 500 includes a first vertical portion 510 and a horizontal portion 520, the first vertical portion 510 is provided with a first air supply outlet 511, the horizontal portion 520 is provided with a fourth air supply outlet 521, a vertical air supply channel 310 is formed between the first vertical portion 510 and the inner wall of the cabinet 200, a top horizontal air supply channel 320 is formed between the horizontal portion 520 and the inner wall of the cabinet 200, the first air supply outlet 511 is communicated with the vertical air supply channel 310, and the fourth air supply outlet 521 is communicated with the top horizontal air supply channel 320. The lower duct cover 600 includes a second vertical portion 610 and an arc portion 620, the second vertical portion 610 is provided with a second air supply outlet 611, a third air supply outlet 612 and a first air return opening 613, a left air supply channel 410 and a right air supply channel 420 are formed between the second vertical portion 610 and the inner wall of the cabinet 200, and a first air return channel 640 communicated with the first air return opening 613 is formed in the second vertical portion 610; a second return air passage 630 communicating with the second return air inlet 621 is formed between the arc portion 620 and the inner wall of the cabinet 200.
Specifically, referring to a side sectional view of the upper duct cover 500 shown in fig. 5, the upper duct cover 500 includes a first vertical portion 510 and a horizontal portion 520 connected to each other, both sides of the first vertical portion 510 have a burring structure, a plurality of first blowing ports 511 are sequentially arranged up and down in a height direction of the burring, each layer of the first storage area 110 corresponds to two first blowing ports 511, the first blowing port 511 on the left side horizontally blows air to the left side of the back of the first storage area 110, and the first blowing port 511 on the right side horizontally blows air to the right side of the back of the first storage area 110. The cold air after heat exchange by the evaporator 700 flows through the vertical air supply passage 310 and the top air supply passage 320 in sequence under the action of the evaporation fan 800, and is output from the first air supply outlet 511 and the fourth air supply outlet 521 respectively. Referring to a side view cross-sectional view of the lower duct cover 600 shown in fig. 6 and a front view cross-sectional view of the lower duct cover 600 shown in fig. 7, the lower duct cover 600 includes a second vertical portion 610 and an arc portion 620 connected to each other, a second air supply opening a 6111 is opened on the left side of the upper portion of the second vertical portion 610, a second air supply opening B6112 is opened on the right side, a third air supply opening a 6121 is opened on the left side of the lower portion of the second vertical portion 610, a third air supply opening B6122 is opened on the right side, and a first air return opening 613 is opened in the middle portion of the second vertical portion 610. A left air supply channel 410 and a right air supply channel 420 are formed between the second vertical portion 610 and the inner wall of the cabinet body 200, the second air supply outlet a 6111 and the third air supply outlet a 6121 are communicated with the left air supply channel 410, and the second air supply outlet B6112 and the third air supply outlet B6122 are communicated with the right air supply channel 420. A first return air passage 640 communicating with the first return air port 613 is formed in the second vertical portion 610. A second return air passage 630 communicating with the second return air inlet 621 is formed between the arc portion 620 and the inner wall of the cabinet 200.
Further, an evaporation cavity (not labeled) is formed between the second vertical portion 610 and the inner wall of the cabinet 200, the evaporator 700 is disposed in the evaporation cavity, and the first return air channel 640 and the second return air channel 630 are respectively communicated with the bottom of the evaporation cavity, so that the air sucked from the first return air inlet 613 and the second return air inlet 621 enters the evaporator 700 for the next air flow circulation.
Further, a fan volute is arranged on the second vertical portion 610, the fan volute has an air inlet and three air outlets, the evaporation fan 800 is a centrifugal fan, the centrifugal fan is arranged in the fan volute, the air inlet of the fan volute is communicated with the upper portion of the evaporation cavity, a first air outlet of the fan volute is communicated with the vertical air supply channel 310, a second air outlet of the fan volute is communicated with the left air supply channel 410, and a third air outlet of the fan volute is communicated with the right air supply channel 420. The cold air exchanged heat by the evaporator 700 flows into the vertical air supply channel 310, the left air supply channel 410 and the right air supply channel 420 respectively and simultaneously, so that the air supply efficiency and the wine cabinet refrigeration efficiency are improved.
Further, a plurality of protruding support ribs (not shown) are arranged at the bottom of the cabinet 200, a bottom ventilation channel is formed between two adjacent support ribs, the bottom ventilation channel is communicated with the second air return opening 621, and cold air flowing down from the front portion of the third storage area 130 flows back to the second air return opening 621 through the bottom ventilation channel, so that air returns from the bottom of the third storage area 130 conveniently.
In the method for controlling a wine cabinet with uniform temperature according to this embodiment, the cold air in the wind channel, which is heat exchanged by the evaporator 700, is driven by the evaporator fan 800 to pass through the first air supply opening 511, the second air supply opening 611, the third air supply opening 612 and the fourth air supply opening 521 respectively, wherein the cold air output from the first air supply opening 511 enters the first air return opening 613 and the second air return opening 621 via the two sides of the back, the two sides and the front of each layer of the first storage area 110, the cold air output from the second air supply opening 611 enters the first air return opening 613 and the second air return opening 621 via the back, the two sides and the front of the second storage area 120, the cold air output from the third air supply opening 612 enters the first air return opening 613 and the second air return opening 621 via the back, the two sides, the front and the bottom of the third storage area 130, and the cold air output from the fourth air supply opening 521 sequentially passes through the front, the front of the first storage area 110, the second, The front of the second storage area 120 and the front of the third storage area 130 enter the first and second return air openings 613 and 621.
Specifically, the cold air output by the first air supply outlet 511 will flow transversely around the first storage area 110, the cold air output by the second air supply outlet 611 will flow transversely around the second storage area 120, and the cold air output by the third air supply outlet 612 will flow transversely around the third storage area 130, so that the cold air is prevented from directly blowing the wine bottles from the back to the front, the local temperature fluctuation of the wine bottles is reduced, the internal temperature equalization of the wine cabinet is facilitated, the storage environment of the red wine is improved, and the use experience of a user is improved.
On the basis of the above-mentioned embodiment of the temperature-equalizing wine cabinet, the present embodiment realizes the warm air outlet effect of the temperature-equalizing wine cabinet through the following structure and control method. Referring to fig. 2 and 4, a heating wire 900 is adhered in the air duct, a defrosting sensor 810 is arranged on the evaporator 800, a temperature sensor 522 is arranged at the fourth air supply outlet 521, the defrosting sensor 810 measures the temperature on the evaporator 800, which is denoted as T1, and the temperature sensor 522 measures the temperature in the wine cabinet, which is denoted as T2. In order to ensure the lowest heat exchange temperature difference, a temperature sensor 522 is arranged at the fourth air supply outlet 521 with relatively higher temperature, which is farthest away from the fan, in the air duct. The operation rate of the heating wire 900 is related to the on or off state of the compressor, the temperature T1 of the defrosting sensor 810, and the temperature T2 of the temperature sensor 522.
Specifically, referring to fig. 8, when the compressor is in a startup state and T2 is less than or equal to-5 ℃, the operation rate of the heating wire 900 is 100-20%; when the compressor is in a shutdown state and T2 is less than or equal to minus 5 ℃, the operation rate of the heating wire 900 is 50-10%; when T2 > -5 ℃, the operation rate of the heater wire 900 is 0.
Further, when the compressor is in a starting state and when the temperature T1 is less than or equal to minus 30 ℃ and the temperature T2 is less than or equal to minus 5 ℃, the operation of the heating wire 900 is 100 percent; when the temperature is more than-30 and less than or equal to T1 and less than or equal to-20 ℃ and the temperature is less than or equal to T2 and less than or equal to-5 ℃, the operation rate of the heating wire 900 is 80 percent; when the temperature is more than-20 and less than or equal to T1 and less than or equal to-15 ℃ and the temperature is more than or equal to T2 and less than or equal to-5 ℃, the operation rate of the heating wire 900 is 50 percent; when the temperature is more than-15 and less than or equal to T1 and less than or equal to-10 ℃ and the temperature is more than or equal to T2 and less than or equal to-5 ℃, the operation rate of the heating wire 900 is 30 percent; when T1 is more than-10 ℃ and T2 is less than or equal to-5 ℃, the operation rate of the heating wire 900 is 20%.
Further, when the compressor is in a shutdown state, and when the temperature T1 is less than or equal to minus 30 ℃ and the temperature T2 is less than or equal to minus 5 ℃, the operation of the heating wire 900 is 50 percent; when the temperature is more than-30 and less than or equal to T1 and less than or equal to-20 ℃ and the temperature is less than or equal to T2 and less than or equal to-5 ℃, the operation rate of the heating wire 900 is 40 percent; when the temperature is more than-20 and less than or equal to T1 and less than or equal to-15 ℃ and the temperature is more than or equal to T2 and less than or equal to-5 ℃, the operation rate of the heating wire 900 is 30 percent; when the temperature is more than-15 and less than or equal to T1 and less than or equal to-10 ℃ and the temperature is more than or equal to T2 and less than or equal to-5 ℃, the operation rate of the heating wire 900 is 20 percent; when T1 is more than-10 ℃ and T2 is less than or equal to-5 ℃, the operation rate of the heating wire 900 is 10%.
When the compressor is in a starting state, the temperature in the wine cabinet does not reach the set temperature value of the system, the operation rate of the heating wire 900 is increased at the moment, more heat is provided for the air in the air duct, the air blown out from the air supply opening is ensured to be larger than 0 ℃, and the air outlet effect of the warm air is realized. When the compressor is in a shutdown state, the temperature in the wine cabinet reaches the set value of the system at the moment, and the heating wires 900 operate at a low operation rate, so that the air blown out from the air supply outlet is ensured to be greater than 0 ℃, and the air outlet effect of warm air is realized.
For the specific bonding position of the heating wire in the air duct, the heating wire is bonded on the first vertical part of the upper air duct cover plate in the embodiment. Because first vertical portion is equipped with a plurality of first supply-air outlets of controlling the air-out along its axis direction, locate the heater strip on first vertical portion, can make the warm braw after the heating blow off from a plurality of first supply-air outlets and fourth supply-air outlet simultaneously, improve out the warm braw effect.
Finally, it should be noted that: the above examples are only intended to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention, but not to limit it; although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that: the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments may still be modified, or some technical features may be equivalently replaced; and such modifications or substitutions do not depart from the spirit and scope of the corresponding technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention.

Claims (12)

1. A warm air type temperature-equalizing wine cabinet comprises a cabinet body and an air duct arranged in the cabinet body, wherein a plurality of first storage areas, second storage areas and third storage areas for placing red wine are vertically arranged in the cabinet body along the height direction of the cabinet body, and an evaporation fan and an evaporator are arranged in the air duct; the inner wall of the air duct is provided with a heating wire, the fourth air supply opening is provided with a temperature sensor, and the evaporator is provided with a defrosting sensor.
2. The warm air type temperature-equalizing wine cabinet of claim 1, wherein the first air return opening is located between the second air supply opening and the third air supply opening, and the second air return opening is located below the third air supply opening.
3. The warm-air type temperature-equalizing wine cabinet according to claim 2, wherein the second air supply outlet comprises a second air supply outlet A and a second air supply outlet B which are arranged in a left-right manner, and the third air supply outlet comprises a third air supply outlet A and a third air supply outlet B which are arranged in a left-right manner.
4. The warm air type temperature-equalizing wine cabinet according to claim 3, wherein an air duct cover plate is disposed in the cabinet body, the air duct is formed between the air duct cover plate and the inner wall of the cabinet body, and the air duct cover plate is provided with the first air supply port, the second air supply port, the third air supply port, the fourth air supply port, the first air return port and the second air return port.
5. The warm air type temperature-equalizing wine cabinet according to claim 6, wherein the air duct cover plate comprises an upper air duct cover plate and a lower air duct cover plate, the upper air duct cover plate is provided with the first air supply outlet and the fourth air supply outlet, the lower air duct cover plate is provided with the second air supply outlet, the third air supply outlet, the first air return opening and the second air return opening, and the upper air duct cover plate is provided with the heating wire; an upper air supply channel is formed between the upper air duct cover plate and the inner wall of the cabinet body, and the first air supply outlet and the fourth air supply outlet are respectively communicated with the upper air supply channel; and a left air supply channel and a right air supply channel are formed between the lower air duct cover plate and the inner wall of the cabinet body, the second air supply outlet A and the third air supply outlet A are communicated with the left air supply channel, and the second air supply outlet B and the third air supply outlet B are communicated with the right air supply channel.
6. The warm air type temperature-equalizing wine cabinet according to claim 5, wherein the upper duct cover plate comprises a first vertical portion and a horizontal portion, the first vertical portion is provided with the first air supply opening, the horizontal portion is provided with the fourth air supply opening, a vertical air supply channel is formed between the first vertical portion and the inner wall of the cabinet body, a top horizontal air supply channel is formed between the horizontal portion and the inner wall of the cabinet body, the first air supply opening is communicated with the vertical air supply channel, the fourth air supply opening is communicated with the top horizontal air supply channel, and the heating wire is arranged on the first vertical portion.
7. The warm air type temperature-equalizing wine cabinet according to claim 6, wherein the lower air duct cover plate comprises a second vertical portion and an arc portion, the second vertical portion is provided with the second air supply outlet, the third air supply outlet and the first air return opening, the left air supply channel and the right air supply channel are formed between the second vertical portion and the inner wall of the cabinet body, and the first air return channel communicated with the first air return opening is formed in the second vertical portion; and a second air return channel communicated with the second air return inlet is formed between the arc-shaped part and the inner wall of the cabinet body.
8. The warm air type temperature equalizing wine cabinet according to claim 7, wherein an evaporation cavity is formed between the second vertical portion and the inner wall of the cabinet body, the evaporator is arranged in the evaporation cavity, and the first return air channel and the second return air channel are respectively communicated with the bottom of the evaporation cavity.
9. The warm air type temperature equalizing wine cabinet according to claim 8, wherein a fan volute is provided on the second vertical portion, the fan volute has an air inlet and three air outlets, the evaporation fan is a centrifugal fan, the centrifugal fan is provided in the fan volute, the air inlet of the fan volute is communicated with the upper portion of the evaporation cavity, the first air outlet of the fan volute is communicated with the vertical air supply channel, the second air outlet of the fan volute is communicated with the left air supply channel, and the third air outlet of the fan volute is communicated with the right air supply channel.
10. A method for controlling a warm-air samming wine cabinet according to any one of claims 1-9, wherein a compressor is provided in the warm-air samming wine cabinet, said compressor being connected to said evaporator, and the operation rate of said heater wire is related to the on or off state of said compressor, the temperature T1 of said frost sensor, the temperature T2 of said frost sensor; when the compressor is in a starting state and T2 is less than or equal to-5 ℃, the operation rate of the heating wire is 100-20%; when the compressor is in a shutdown state and T2 is less than or equal to-5 ℃, the operation rate of the heating wire is 50-10%; when T2 > -5 ℃, the operation rate of the heating wire is 0.
11. The method of controlling a warm air type temperature equalizing wine cabinet according to claim 10, wherein the operation of the heating wire is 100% when the compressor is in an on state and when T1 ≦ 30 ℃ and T2 ≦ 5 ℃; when the temperature is more than-30 and less than or equal to T1 and less than or equal to-20 ℃ and the temperature is less than or equal to T2 and less than or equal to-5 ℃, the operation rate of the heating wire is 80 percent; when the temperature is more than-20 and less than or equal to T1 and less than or equal to-15 ℃ and the temperature is less than or equal to T2 and less than or equal to-5 ℃, the operation rate of the heating wire is 50 percent; when the temperature is more than-15 and less than or equal to T1 and less than or equal to-10 ℃ and the temperature is more than or equal to T2 and less than or equal to-5 ℃, the operation rate of the heating wire is 30 percent; when T1 is > 10 ℃ and T2 is less than or equal to-5 ℃, the operation rate of the heating wire is 20 percent.
12. The method of controlling a warm-air samming wine cellar of claim 10, wherein the operation of the heater wire is 50% when the compressor is in a shutdown state and when T1 ≦ 30 ℃ and T2 ≦ -5 ℃; when the temperature is more than-30 and less than or equal to T1 and less than or equal to-20 ℃ and the temperature is less than or equal to T2 and less than or equal to-5 ℃, the operation rate of the heating wire is 40 percent; when the temperature is more than-20 and less than or equal to T1 and less than or equal to-15 ℃ and the temperature is less than or equal to T2 and less than or equal to-5 ℃, the operation rate of the heating wire is 30 percent; when the temperature is more than-15 and less than or equal to T1 and less than or equal to-10 ℃ and the temperature is more than or equal to T2 and less than or equal to-5 ℃, the operation rate of the heating wire is 20 percent; when T1 is > 10 ℃ and T2 is less than or equal to-5 ℃, the operation rate of the heating wire is 10 percent.
CN201811571632.8A 2018-12-21 2018-12-21 Warm air type temperature-equalizing wine cabinet and control method Pending CN111351311A (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2004361082A (en) * 2004-09-22 2004-12-24 Sharp Corp Refrigerator
WO2018040442A1 (en) * 2016-08-30 2018-03-08 青岛海尔股份有限公司 Refrigerator
CN108375273A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-08-07 青岛海尔特种电冰柜有限公司 Multi-temperature zone air-cooled wine cabinet
CN108562097A (en) * 2018-05-25 2018-09-21 合肥雪祺电气有限公司 A kind of cold-storing duct structure of the refrigerator with damper
CN108592482A (en) * 2018-05-17 2018-09-28 中山市维诺电器有限公司 A kind of wine cabinet or refrigerator in three greenhouse of single evaporator
CN209655680U (en) * 2018-12-21 2019-11-19 青岛海尔特种电冰柜有限公司 A kind of equal temperature wine cabinet of warm-air type

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2004361082A (en) * 2004-09-22 2004-12-24 Sharp Corp Refrigerator
WO2018040442A1 (en) * 2016-08-30 2018-03-08 青岛海尔股份有限公司 Refrigerator
CN108375273A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-08-07 青岛海尔特种电冰柜有限公司 Multi-temperature zone air-cooled wine cabinet
CN108592482A (en) * 2018-05-17 2018-09-28 中山市维诺电器有限公司 A kind of wine cabinet or refrigerator in three greenhouse of single evaporator
CN108562097A (en) * 2018-05-25 2018-09-21 合肥雪祺电气有限公司 A kind of cold-storing duct structure of the refrigerator with damper
CN209655680U (en) * 2018-12-21 2019-11-19 青岛海尔特种电冰柜有限公司 A kind of equal temperature wine cabinet of warm-air type

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