CN111312513A - Full-automatic bushing, winding and rubber coating all-in-one machine - Google Patents

Full-automatic bushing, winding and rubber coating all-in-one machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111312513A
CN111312513A CN202010244879.XA CN202010244879A CN111312513A CN 111312513 A CN111312513 A CN 111312513A CN 202010244879 A CN202010244879 A CN 202010244879A CN 111312513 A CN111312513 A CN 111312513A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wire
clamp
axis
adhesive tape
winding
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010244879.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张燕
陈奇
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shenzhen Pengdajin Electronic Equipment Co ltd
Original Assignee
Shenzhen Pengdajin Electronic Equipment Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shenzhen Pengdajin Electronic Equipment Co ltd filed Critical Shenzhen Pengdajin Electronic Equipment Co ltd
Priority to CN202010244879.XA priority Critical patent/CN111312513A/en
Publication of CN111312513A publication Critical patent/CN111312513A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01FMAGNETS; INDUCTANCES; TRANSFORMERS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR MAGNETIC PROPERTIES
    • H01F41/00Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing or assembling magnets, inductances or transformers; Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing materials characterised by their magnetic properties
    • H01F41/02Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing or assembling magnets, inductances or transformers; Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing materials characterised by their magnetic properties for manufacturing cores, coils, or magnets
    • H01F41/04Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing or assembling magnets, inductances or transformers; Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing materials characterised by their magnetic properties for manufacturing cores, coils, or magnets for manufacturing coils
    • H01F41/06Coil winding
    • H01F41/076Forming taps or terminals while winding, e.g. by wrapping or soldering the wire onto pins, or by directly forming terminals from the wire
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01FMAGNETS; INDUCTANCES; TRANSFORMERS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR MAGNETIC PROPERTIES
    • H01F41/00Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing or assembling magnets, inductances or transformers; Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing materials characterised by their magnetic properties
    • H01F41/02Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing or assembling magnets, inductances or transformers; Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing materials characterised by their magnetic properties for manufacturing cores, coils, or magnets
    • H01F41/04Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing or assembling magnets, inductances or transformers; Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing materials characterised by their magnetic properties for manufacturing cores, coils, or magnets for manufacturing coils
    • H01F41/06Coil winding
    • H01F41/098Mandrels; Formers
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01FMAGNETS; INDUCTANCES; TRANSFORMERS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR MAGNETIC PROPERTIES
    • H01F41/00Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing or assembling magnets, inductances or transformers; Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing materials characterised by their magnetic properties
    • H01F41/02Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing or assembling magnets, inductances or transformers; Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing materials characterised by their magnetic properties for manufacturing cores, coils, or magnets
    • H01F41/04Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing or assembling magnets, inductances or transformers; Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing materials characterised by their magnetic properties for manufacturing cores, coils, or magnets for manufacturing coils
    • H01F41/12Insulating of windings
    • H01F41/122Insulating between turns or between winding layers

Abstract

The invention discloses a full-automatic bushing, winding and rubber coating integrated machine which comprises a bushing penetrating mechanism, a winding mechanism and a rubber coating mechanism, wherein the bushing penetrating mechanism is used for conveying wires and penetrating at least two sections of bushings on the wires; the wire winding mechanism comprises a wire pulling mechanism and a multi-shaft manipulator, and the wire pulling mechanism is arranged in the conveying direction of the wire and used for positioning and straightening the wire; the multi-shaft manipulator is suitable for grabbing the wire frame, and is used for driving the wire frame to rotate around the R axis so as to wind the wire material in the wire groove of the wire frame to form a coil, and driving the wire frame to move along the X, Y, Z axis so as to wind two sections of sleeves on the wire material on two pins of the wire frame respectively; the rubber coating mechanism is used for wrapping at least one layer of insulating adhesive tape on the surface of the coil on the wire frame after winding. According to the full-automatic bushing-penetrating, winding and rubber-coating all-in-one machine provided by the invention, the automatic completion of pipe penetrating, winding and rubber coating can be realized at one time, the production efficiency is high, and the higher quality of a product can be ensured by completing at one time.

Description

Full-automatic bushing, winding and rubber coating all-in-one machine
Technical Field
The invention relates to winding equipment, in particular to a full-automatic bushing, winding and rubber coating all-in-one machine.
Background
The coil is widely used in various electronic products, such as a transformer coil, as an electromagnetic component, and the electromagnetic component generally includes a bobbin and a coil wound on the bobbin.
The winding machine is used as a winding device, can perform winding on a coil frame, and further forms a coil on the coil frame, and for the insulation protection requirement, two ends of the coil need to be respectively sleeved with a sleeve, and the sleeve is hung on a pin on the coil frame, and in addition, at least one layer of insulation adhesive tape needs to be wrapped on the outer surface of the coil.
In the related art, a sleeve is threaded on a wire rod, the threaded wire rod is wound on a wire frame to form a coil, and an insulating tape is wrapped on the coil and is required to be finished through different devices, so that the problems of low efficiency, low product quality and the like are caused.
Disclosure of Invention
The present invention is directed to solving, at least to some extent, one of the technical problems in the related art. Therefore, the invention aims to provide a full-automatic sleeving, winding and rubber coating all-in-one machine.
In order to achieve the above object, in one aspect, a full-automatic sleeving, winding and rubber coating all-in-one machine according to an embodiment of the present invention includes:
the bushing mechanism is used for conveying a wire and at least two sections of bushings are arranged on the wire in a penetrating way;
the wire winding mechanism comprises a wire pulling mechanism and a multi-axis manipulator, and the wire pulling mechanism is arranged in the conveying direction of the wire and used for positioning and straightening the wire; the multi-axis manipulator is suitable for grabbing a wire frame, and is used for driving the wire frame to rotate around an R axis so as to wind a wire in a wire groove of the wire frame to form a coil, and driving the wire frame to move along an X, Y, Z axis so as to wind two sections of sleeves on the wire on two pins of the wire frame respectively;
and the encapsulation mechanism is used for wrapping at least one layer of insulating adhesive tape on the surface of the coil on the wire frame after winding.
According to the full-automatic bushing penetrating, winding and rubber coating all-in-one machine provided by the embodiment of the invention, at least two sections of bushings are penetrated on a wire through a bushing penetrating mechanism, the wire after the threading is conveyed to a winding mechanism, the wire is positioned and straightened by a wire pulling mechanism in the winding mechanism, a multi-shaft manipulator in a winding mechanism is used for driving a wire frame to rotate around an R shaft so as to wind the wire in a wire slot of the wire frame to form a coil, and the driving wire frame moves along the X, Y, Z axis to wind the two sections of sleeves on the wire on the two pins of the wire frame respectively, further realizes the winding, the coil frame after the winding can be directly moved to the encapsulation mechanism by the multi-shaft manipulator, the encapsulation mechanism is utilized to realize the encapsulation, so, poling, wire winding and rubber coating once accomplish automatically, production efficiency is high to, once accomplish can ensure that the quality of product is higher.
In addition, the fully-automatic bushing, winding and rubber coating all-in-one machine according to the above embodiment of the invention may further have the following additional technical features:
according to one embodiment of the invention, the wire pulling mechanism comprises:
a clamp for clamping or unclamping the wire;
and when the multi-axis manipulator drives the wire frame to move along the X, Y, Z axis, the pins of the wire frame move around the needle guide clamp so as to wind the sleeve on the wire on the pins of the wire frame.
According to an embodiment of the invention, the wire pulling mechanism further comprises:
the wire clamp and the guide pin are clamped on the moving seat;
and the moving driving device is connected with the moving seat and used for driving the moving seat to move along the X axis so as to enable the wire clamp to clamp the wire and then straighten the wire.
According to an embodiment of the invention, the wire pulling mechanism further comprises:
the wire clamp and the guide pin are fixedly clamped on the rotating seat;
the rotary driving device is connected with the rotary seat and used for driving the rotary seat to rotate 180 degrees relative to the movable seat to switch between a first position and a second position so as to enable the positions of the wire clamp and the needle guide clamp to be interchanged;
when the rotary seat is located at the first position, the multi-axis manipulator is configured to drive the wire frame to move around the guide pin clamp so as to wind one of the two sections of sleeves on the wire on one pin of the wire frame;
when the rotary seat is located at the second position, the multi-axis manipulator is configured to drive the wire frame to move around the guide pin clamp so as to wind the other of the two sections of sleeves on the wire on the other pin of the wire frame.
According to one embodiment of the present invention, a guide pin clamp includes a first guide pin clamp block, a second guide pin clamp block, and a first clamp drive;
the first guide pin clamping block and the second guide pin clamping block are oppositely arranged, a first nozzle extending along the conveying direction is formed on the first guide pin clamping block, and a second nozzle extending along the conveying direction is formed on the second guide pin clamping block;
the first clamping driving device drives the first guide pin clamping block and the second guide pin clamping block to move relatively to close or open, when the first guide pin clamping block and the second guide pin clamping block are closed, a wire passing hole is defined in front of the first mouth and the second mouth, and the aperture of the wire passing hole is larger than the diameter of the wire and smaller than the outer diameter of the sleeve.
According to an embodiment of the invention, the wire pulling mechanism further comprises a wire cutting assembly, which is arranged side by side with the wire clamp in the conveying direction for cutting the wire.
According to one embodiment of the invention, the encapsulation mechanism comprises:
the guide wheel is used for the adhesive tape to pass by;
the adhesive tape clip is used for clamping or loosening the adhesive tape;
the lifting driving device is connected with the adhesive tape clamp and used for driving the adhesive tape clamp to move up and down so that the adhesive tape clamp clamps and elongates the adhesive tape;
the top wheel assembly is arranged on one side of the adhesive tape clamp and used for pressing the elongated adhesive tape on the coil of the wire frame so as to enable the adhesive tape to be adhered to the coil of the wire frame;
the cutter assembly is arranged on one side of the adhesive tape clamp and used for cutting off the adhesive tape.
According to one embodiment of the invention, the encapsulation mechanism further comprises a belt pressing component, the belt pressing component is arranged on one side of the guide wheel and used for pressing the adhesive tape on the guide wheel when the adhesive tape needs to be cut.
According to one embodiment of the invention, the casing penetrating mechanism comprises a pipe clamping assembly for clamping the latter of the two casings on the wire in the conveying direction, and the wire inside the casing can be conveyed continuously while the casing is clamped by the pipe clamping assembly.
According to one embodiment of the invention, the multi-axis manipulator comprises a mechanical arm and a multi-axis motion mechanism, the mechanical arm is provided with an insertion part, the insertion part is suitable for being inserted into the wire rack, the multi-axis motion mechanism is connected with the mechanical arm and used for driving the mechanical arm to move along an X axis, a Y axis and a Z axis and pivot around an R axis, and the R axis is coincident with the axis of the coil.
Additional aspects and advantages of the invention will be set forth in part in the description which follows and, in part, will be obvious from the description, or may be learned by practice of the invention.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to the structures shown in the drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a full-automatic bushing, winding and rubber coating all-in-one machine according to an embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a wire pulling mechanism in the full-automatic bushing, winding and rubber coating all-in-one machine of the invention;
FIG. 3 is a partial schematic structural diagram of a wire pulling mechanism in the full-automatic bushing, winding and rubber coating all-in-one machine according to the embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a view angle of a glue coating mechanism in the full-automatic sleeving, winding and glue coating all-in-one machine according to the embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of another view angle of a glue coating mechanism in the full-automatic sleeving, winding and glue coating all-in-one machine according to the embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 6 is an exploded view of a glue coating mechanism in the full-automatic sleeving, winding and glue coating all-in-one machine according to the embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 7 is a partial schematic structural diagram of a glue coating mechanism in the full-automatic sleeving, winding and glue coating all-in-one machine according to the embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of a view angle of a multi-axis manipulator in the fully-automatic sleeving, winding and encapsulating all-in-one machine according to the embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic structural diagram of another view angle of a multi-axis manipulator in the fully-automatic sleeving, winding and encapsulating all-in-one machine according to the embodiment of the invention;
fig. 10 is a schematic structural diagram of a view angle of a bushing penetrating mechanism in the full-automatic bushing penetrating, winding and rubber coating all-in-one machine according to the embodiment of the invention;
fig. 11 is a schematic structural diagram of another view angle of a bushing penetrating mechanism in the full-automatic bushing penetrating, winding and rubber coating all-in-one machine according to the embodiment of the invention;
fig. 12 is a schematic structural diagram of a full-automatic sleeving, winding and rubber coating all-in-one machine according to another embodiment of the invention.
Reference numerals:
a winding mechanism 10;
a wire pulling mechanism 101;
a guide pin clamp 1011;
a first guide pin clamp block 1011 a;
a second guide pin clamp block 1011 b;
a first clamp driving device 1011 c;
the first mouth 1011 d;
the second mouth 1011 e;
the wire nozzle 1011 f;
a wire clamp 1012;
a first wire clamp block 1012 a;
the second gripper block 1012 b;
a movable seat 1013;
a swivel base 1014;
a rotation driving device 1015;
a thread trimming assembly 1016;
a first blade 1016 a;
a second blade 1016 b;
a multi-axis robot 102;
a robot arm 1021;
a multi-axis motion mechanism 1022;
a wire pressing mechanism 103;
a tension plate 1031;
a wire driving mechanism 1032;
a wire frame 11;
a wire slot 111;
a pin 112;
a sleeve penetrating mechanism 20;
a base 201;
a wire feeding wheel group 202;
a pipe conveying wheel set 203;
a pipe crimping device 204;
a U-shaped seat 2041;
an upper pressing block 2042;
a press-down block 2043;
a briquette drive device 2044;
a cutter device 205;
a translation drive 206;
a pinch tube assembly 207;
the pressure tube hole H20;
a rubber coating mechanism 30;
a guide pulley 301;
a tape clip 302;
a first jaw 3021;
a second jaw 3022;
a clamp cylinder 3023;
a lifting drive 303;
a top wheel assembly 304;
a top wheel 3041;
a mounting plate 3042;
a first telescopic cylinder 3043;
a cutter assembly 305;
a cutter 3051;
a link 3052;
a second telescopic cylinder 3053;
a belt press assembly 306;
the slide bar 3061;
an L-shaped connector 3062;
a pressing block 3063;
a third telescopic cylinder 3064;
a bracket 307;
a base 3071;
a tray 308;
an adhesive tape 31;
and a direct vibration feeding mechanism 40.
The implementation, functional features and advantages of the objects of the present invention will be further explained with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Detailed Description
Reference will now be made in detail to embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein like or similar reference numerals refer to the same or similar elements or elements having the same or similar function throughout. The embodiments described below with reference to the drawings are exemplary and intended to be illustrative of the present invention and should not be construed as limiting the present invention, and all other embodiments that can be obtained by one skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the present invention without inventive efforts shall fall within the scope of protection of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "central," "longitudinal," "lateral," "length," "width," "thickness," "upper," "lower," "front," "rear," "left," "right," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," "clockwise," "counterclockwise," "axial," "circumferential," "radial," and the like are used in the orientations and positional relationships indicated in the drawings for convenience in describing the present invention and to simplify the description, and are not intended to indicate or imply that the referenced devices or elements must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and are therefore not to be considered limiting of the present invention.
Furthermore, the terms "first", "second" and "first" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless specifically defined otherwise.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," "secured," and the like are to be construed broadly and can, for example, be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those skilled in the art according to specific situations.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, "above" or "below" a first feature means that the first and second features are in direct contact, or that the first and second features are not in direct contact but are in contact with each other via another feature therebetween. Also, the first feature being "on," "above" and "over" the second feature includes the first feature being directly on and obliquely above the second feature, or merely indicating that the first feature is at a higher level than the second feature. A first feature being "under," "below," and "beneath" a second feature includes the first feature being directly under and obliquely below the second feature, or simply meaning that the first feature is at a lesser elevation than the second feature.
The full-automatic bushing, winding and rubber coating all-in-one machine provided by the embodiment of the invention is described in detail below with reference to the attached drawings.
Referring to fig. 1 to 11, according to an embodiment of the present invention, a full-automatic bushing penetrating, winding and encapsulation integrated machine is provided, which is used for penetrating a bushing on a wire, winding the penetrated wire on a bobbin 11 to form a coil, and wrapping an insulating tape 31 on the coil, and includes a bushing penetrating mechanism 20, a winding mechanism 10 and an encapsulation mechanism 30.
Specifically, the bushing penetrating mechanism 20 is used for conveying a wire and penetrating at least two segments of bushings on the wire, that is, at least two segments of bushings can be penetrated on the wire by using the bushing penetrating mechanism 20.
The winding mechanism 10 includes a wire pulling mechanism 101 and a multi-axis manipulator 102, the wire pulling mechanism 101 is disposed in the conveying direction of the wire for positioning and straightening the wire, for example, the wire pulling mechanism 101 is disposed at a distance from the bushing penetrating mechanism 20 in the X-axis direction. The multi-axis robot 102 is adapted to grasp a bobbin 11, drive the bobbin 11 to rotate around an R axis to wind a wire around a slot 111 of the bobbin 11 to form a coil, and drive the bobbin 11 to move along an X, Y, Z axis to wind two lengths of sleeves on the wire around two pins 112 of the bobbin 11.
That is, after the bushing mechanism 20 sleeves at least two bushings on a wire, the wire can be straightened by the wire pulling mechanism 101, for example, the wire pulling mechanism 101 clamps the end of the wire, and then moves in a direction away from the bushing mechanism 20, so as to straighten the wire, after straightening, the multi-axis robot 102 can grab the wire frame 11 and move to between the wire pulling mechanism 101 and the bushing mechanism 20 for winding, for example, first drive the wire frame 11 to move along the X-axis, the Y-axis, and the Z-axis to wind one of the two bushings on the wire on one pin 112 of the wire frame 11, then drive the wire frame 11 to rotate around the R-axis to wind the wire in the wire slot 111 of the wire frame 11 to form a coil, and then drive the wire frame 11 to move along the X-axis, the Y-axis, and the Z-axis to wind the other of the two bushings on the wire on the other pin 112 of the wire frame 11, thus, the winding is completed.
The encapsulation mechanism 30 is used for wrapping at least one layer of insulating adhesive tape 31 on the surface of the coil on the wire frame 11 after winding, that is, after the winding mechanism 10 finishes winding on the wire frame 11, the multi-axis robot 102 can move to the encapsulation mechanism 30, and wrap at least one layer of insulating adhesive tape 31 on the outer surface of the coil by using the encapsulation mechanism 30.
According to the full-automatic bushing-penetrating, winding and encapsulating integrated machine provided by the embodiment of the invention, at least two sections of bushings are penetrated on a wire through the bushing penetrating mechanism 20, the wire after the bushing is conveyed to the winding mechanism 10, the wire is positioned and straightened through the wire pulling mechanism 101 in the winding mechanism 10, the wire frame 11 is driven by the multi-shaft manipulator 102 in the winding mechanism to rotate around the R axis so as to wind the wire in the wire groove 111 of the wire frame 11 to form a coil, the wire frame 11 is driven to move along the X, Y, Z axis so as to wind the two sections of bushings on the wire respectively on the two pins 112 of the wire frame 11, so that the wire frame 11 after the winding is wound, the wire frame 11 can be directly moved to the encapsulating mechanism 30 through the multi-shaft manipulator 102, the encapsulation mechanism 30 is used for encapsulating, and thus, the bushing penetrating, the winding and the encapsulating can be automatically completed at one time, the production efficiency, and, the one-time completion can ensure that the quality of the product is higher.
Referring to fig. 2-3, in some embodiments of the invention, the wire pulling mechanism 101 includes a wire clamp 1012 and a needle guide clamp 1011, wherein the wire clamp 1012 is used to clamp or unclamp the wire, that is, the wire clamp 1012 has an open state and a closed state, in the open state, the wire and the sleeve thereon can pass through the wire clamp 1012, at this time, the tube threading mechanism 20 can deliver the wire, and when the wire clamp 1012 is switched from the open state to the closed state, the wire can be clamped, so as to facilitate straightening the wire.
The needle guide clamp 1011 and the wire clamp 1012 are arranged side by side in the conveying direction for the wire to pass through, and when the multi-axis manipulator 102 drives the wire rack 11 to move along the X, Y, Z axis, the pin 112 of the wire rack 11 moves around the needle guide clamp 1011 to wind the sleeve on the wire on the pin 112 of the wire rack 11.
That is, the wire can pass through the needle guide holder 1011 and the wire clamp 1012, when the multi-axis robot 102 drives the wire holder 11 to move along the X, Y, Z axis, so that the wire is hung on the pin 112 of the wire holder 11, the pin 112 moves circumferentially around the needle guide holder 1011, for example, forward along the Y axis, upward along the Z axis, backward along the Y axis, downward along the Z axis, and forward along the Y axis in sequence, so that a rectangular moving path is formed around the needle guide holder 1011, and the portion of the wire sleeved with the sleeve can be wound on the pin 112.
In this embodiment, the guide pin clamp 1011 is used in cooperation with the multi-axis manipulator 102, so that the sleeve can be wound around the pin 112 (referred to as "hitching leg") of the bobbin 11, and the structure is simple and the hitching leg is reliable.
Referring to fig. 2 to 3, in an embodiment of the present invention, the wire pulling mechanism 101 further includes a moving seat 1013 and a moving driving device, and the wire clamp 1012 and the needle guide clamp 1011 are disposed on the moving seat 1013; the moving driving device is connected to the moving seat 1013, and is used for driving the moving seat 1013 to move along the X axis, so that the wire clamp 1012 clamps the wire and straightens the wire.
That is, the motion driving device can drive the motion of the motion housing 1013 to approach the cannula-piercing mechanism 20 or to depart from the cannula-piercing mechanism 20, and the wire clamp 1012 and the needle guide clamp 1011 are disposed on the motion housing 1013, so that the wire clamp 1012 and the needle guide 1011 move synchronously with the motion housing 1013 when the motion housing 1013 moves. When the wire rod output by the bushing mechanism 20 needs to be straightened, the moving seat 1013 is driven by the moving driving mechanism to move in a direction close to the bushing mechanism 20, and when the moving seat 1013 moves to a position near the bushing mechanism 20, the wire rod passes through the guide pin clamp 1011 and the wire clamp 1012, at this time, the wire rod output by the bushing mechanism 20 is clamped by the wire clamp 1012 on the moving seat 1013, and then the moving seat 1013 is driven by the moving driving mechanism to move in a direction far from the bushing mechanism 20, so that the wire clamp 1012 is pulled in a direction far from the bushing mechanism 20, and the wire rod is straightened.
In this embodiment, the movement of the moving seat 1013 is matched with the wire clamp 1012, so that the wire output by the bushing penetrating mechanism 20 can be clamped and straightened, the multi-axis manipulator 102 drives the wire frame 11 to move, and a bushing on the wire is wound on one pin 112 of the wire frame 11.
Referring to fig. 2 to 3, in some embodiments of the present invention, the wire pulling mechanism 101 further comprises a rotating base 1014 and a rotating driving device 1015, wherein the rotating base 1014 is disposed on the moving base 1013 and can pivot relative to the moving base 1013, the wire clamp 1012 and the wire guide clamp 1011 are fixed on the rotating base 1014, and when the rotating base 1014 rotates, the wire clamp 1012 and the wire guide 1011 can rotate together with the rotating base 1014.
A rotation driving device 1015 is connected to the rotary seat 1014 for driving the rotary seat 1014 to rotate 180 ° relative to the movable seat 1013 to switch between a first position and a second position, so as to exchange the positions of the wire clamp 1012 and the needle guide clamp 1011.
When the swivel 1014 is in the first position, the multi-axis robot 102 is configured to drive the bobbin 11 around the needle guide clamp 1011 to wind one of the two lengths of wire onto one of the pins 112 of the bobbin 11. When the swivel 1014 is in the second position, the multi-axis robot 102 is configured to drive the wire holder 11 around the guide pin clamp 1011 to wind the other of the two lengths of wire onto the other pin 112 of the wire holder 11.
That is, the rotation driving device 1015 can drive the rotation seat 1014 to rotate between a first position and a second position, the included angle between the first position and the second position is 180 °, and since the wire clamp 1012 and the wire guide clamp 1011 are fixed on the rotation seat 1014 and arranged side by side, after the rotation seat 1014 rotates 180 °, the relative positions of the wire clamp 1012 and the wire guide clamp 1011 are interchanged, and the wire guide clamp 1011 and the wire clamp 1012 are matched with the multi-axis manipulator 102 at different positions, so that a sleeve is respectively wound on two different pins 112 of the wire frame 11.
Specifically, when the rotary seat 1014 is at the first position, as shown in fig. 1, the needle guide clamp 1011 is located at the left side of the X-axis direction, and the wire clamp 1012 is located at the right side of the X-axis direction, at this time, the wire firstly passes through the needle guide clamp 1011, then passes through the wire clamp 1012 and tightens the wire clamp 1012 through the wire clamp 1012, and when the wire is in a straightened state, the multi-axis manipulator 102 is utilized to drive the wire frame 11 to move along the axis X, Y, Z, so that the pin 112 on the wire frame 11 moves around the needle guide clamp 1011, and then a sleeve on the wire is wound on one pin 112 on the wire frame 11. Subsequently, the needle clamp 1011 and the clamp 1012 may both be opened so that the wire is brought out of the needle clamp 1011 and the clamp 1012 by the multi-axis robot 102 (e.g., the multi-axis robot 102 moves upward, and since the wire is already hooked to one of the pins 112 of the clamp 1012, the multi-axis robot 102 moves upward to bring the wire out of the needle clamp 1011 and the clamp 1012), and the rotary base 1014 is driven by the rotary drive 1015 to rotate 180 ° to the second position.
When the rotary seat 1014 is at the second position, the needle guide holder 1011 is located at the right side of the X-axis direction, and the wire clamp 1012 is located at the left side of the X-axis direction, at this time, the wire is re-brought into the needle guide holder 1011 and the wire clamp 1012 by the multi-axis robot 102, and the needle guide holder 1011 is closed, and the wire clamp 1012 is kept open, and in this state, the wire frame 11 is driven to rotate around the R axis by the multi-axis robot 102, and in fig. 1, the R axis is parallel to the Y axis, so that the wire can be wound in the wire groove 111 of the wire frame 11 to form a coil. Then, the multi-axis manipulator 102 is used to drive the bobbin 11 to move along the X, Y, Z axis, so that the pin 112 on the bobbin 11 moves around the guide pin clamp 1011, and another sleeve on the wire is wound on another pin 112 on the bobbin 11, thereby completing the winding.
Therefore, in this embodiment, the rotation driving device 1015 is used to drive the rotation seat 1014 to rotate between the first position and the second position, so that the relative positions of the wire clamp 1012 and the guide pin clamp 1011 are exchanged, and further, the guide pin clamp 1011 and the wire clamp 1012 are used to cooperate with the multi-axis manipulator 102 at different positions, so as to complete the winding of a sleeve on two different pins 112 of the wire frame 11, and the winding process can be completed according to the sequence of winding a sleeve on one pin 112 of the wire frame 11, winding a coil in the wire slot 111 of the wire frame 11, and winding another sleeve on the other pin 112 of the coil.
Referring to FIG. 3, in one embodiment of the present invention, pin clamp 1011 includes a first pin clamp block 1011a, a second pin clamp block 1011b, and a first clamp drive 1011 c. The first guide pin clamping block 1011a and the second guide pin clamping block 1011b are disposed opposite to each other, and a first mouth 1011d extending along the conveying direction is formed on the first guide pin clamping block 1011a, and a second mouth 1011e extending along the conveying direction is formed on the second guide pin clamping block 1011 b.
First clamp driving device 1011c drives first guide pin clamp block 1011a and second guide pin clamp block 1011b to move relatively to close or open, when first guide pin clamp block 1011a and second guide pin clamp block 1011b are closed, a wire passing hole is defined in front of first mouth 1011d and second mouth 1011e, and the diameter of the wire passing hole is larger than the diameter of the wire and smaller than the outer diameter of the sleeve.
That is, first clamp driving device 1011c can drive first guide pin clamp block 1011a and second guide pin clamp block 1011b to move relatively to close or open, and since first mouth 1011d is located on first guide pin clamp block 1011a and second mouth 1011e is located on second guide pin clamp block 1011b, first mouth 1011d and second mouth 1011e can also be opened or closed, and when first mouth 1011d and second mouth 1011e are closed, first mouth 1011d and second mouth 1011e constitute wire guide mouth 1011f, a wire passing hole is formed inside thereof, and a wire can pass through the wire passing hole. When the rotary seat 1014 is at the first position, the multi-axis manipulator 102 drives the pin 112 of the wire frame 11 to move around the wire guiding mouth 1011f, so as to wind a sleeve on the wire on the pin 112 of the wire frame 11.
When the first mouth 1011d and the second mouth 1011e are opened, the wire clamp 1012 can be opened at the same time, the multi-axis manipulator 102 is used for taking the wire away from the guide pin clamp 1011 and the wire clamp 1012, the rotary seat 1014 is driven by the rotary driving device 1015 to rotate 180 degrees to the second position, when the rotary seat 1014 is at the second position, the first mouth 1011d and the second mouth 1011e are closed, and similarly, the multi-axis manipulator 102 is used for driving the pin 112 of the wire frame 11 to move around the wire guide mouth 1011f, so that the other sleeve on the wire can be wound on the other pin 112 of the wire frame 11.
In addition, it should be noted that the wire guiding holes formed when the first and second mouth portions 1011d and 1011e are closed have a diameter smaller than the outer diameter of the sleeve, so that when the rotary seat 1014 is located at the first position and the wire is fed to the right, a sleeve can be stopped at the wire guiding mouth 1011f, and a sleeve can be smoothly wound around a pin 112 by driving a pin 112 of the bobbin 11 around the wire guiding mouth 1011f by the multi-axis robot 102. Similarly, when the rotary seat 1014 is located at the second position, in the state that the needle guide clamp 1011 and the wire clamp 1012 are opened, the wire is firstly conveyed to the right, so that the other sleeve is conveyed to the right side of the needle guide clamp 1011, then the needle guide clamp 1011 is closed, and the wire is retreated to the left, so that the other sleeve can be stopped at the wire guide mouth 1011f, and then the multi-axis manipulator 102 is used to drive the other pin 112 of the wire frame 11 to move around the wire guide mouth 1011f, so that the other sleeve can be smoothly wound on the other pin 112.
In other words, the diameter of the wire guide hole is configured to be smaller than the diameter of the sleeve, and the sleeve can be ensured to be abutted against the wire guide mouth 1011f before the pin is hung by matching with the wire feeding and withdrawing of the tube threading mechanism 20, so that the guide tube can be smoothly and reliably wound on the pin 112 when the multi-axis manipulator 102 drives the pin 112 of the wire frame 11 to move around the wire guide mouth 1011 f.
Referring to fig. 3, in one embodiment of the present invention, the wire clamp 1012 includes a first wire clamping block 1012a, a second wire clamping block 1012b, and a second clamping driving device, wherein the first wire clamping block 1012a and the second wire clamping block 1012b are oppositely disposed, and the second clamping driving device drives the first wire clamping block 1012a and the second wire clamping block 1012b to relatively move to close or open.
That is, the first clamping block 1012a and the second clamping block 1012b can be driven to move relatively by the second clamping driving device so as to be closed or opened, when the first clamping block 1012a and the second clamping block 1012b are opened, a gap allowing a wire and a sleeve thereon to pass through is formed between the first clamping block 1012a and the second clamping block 1012b, and when the first clamping block 1012a and the second clamping block 1012b are closed, the first clamping block 1012a and the second clamping block 1012b can clamp the wire, so that the wire can be clamped or loosened, the structure is simple, and the clamping is reliable.
Referring to fig. 2 to 3, in an embodiment of the present invention, the wire pulling mechanism 101 further includes a wire cutting assembly 1016, and the wire cutting assembly 1016 is arranged side by side with the wire clamp 1012 in the conveying direction to cut the wire. In this way, after another sleeve is wound around another pin 112 of the bobbin 11, the wire can be cut by the wire cutting assembly 1016, so that the bobbin 11 with the wound wire can be moved to another station, for example, the bobbin 11 can be moved to another station, for example, the encapsulation mechanism 30 for encapsulation.
Illustratively, the wire cutting assembly 1016 comprises a first blade 1016a, a second blade 1016b and a third clamping driving device, wherein the first blade 1016a and the second blade 1016b are arranged oppositely, and the third clamping driving device drives the first blade 1016a and the second blade 1016b to move oppositely, so as to cut the wire.
It is to be understood that the first clamp driving device 1011c, the second clamp driving device, and the third clamp driving device may employ a driving mechanism such as a clamp cylinder 3023.
Referring to fig. 4 to 7, in some embodiments of the present invention, the encapsulation mechanism 30 includes a guide wheel 301, a tape clamp 302, a lifting driving device 303, a top wheel assembly 304 and a cutter assembly 305, wherein the guide wheel 301 can be disposed on a bracket 307, a tray 308 can be disposed on the bracket 307, and the tape 31 on the tray 308 can be extended and wound around the guide wheel 301.
The tape clamp 302 is used to clamp or release the tape 31. The lifting driving device 303 is connected to the adhesive tape clip 302 and is used for driving the adhesive tape clip 302 to move up and down, so that the adhesive tape clip 302 is clamped and then elongated by the clip. The top wheel assembly 304 is disposed at one side of the tape clamp 302, and is used for pressing the elongated tape 31 against the coil of the bobbin 11, so that the tape 31 is adhered to the coil of the bobbin 11. A cutter assembly 305 is disposed at one side of the tape holder 302 for cutting the tape 31.
Before encapsulation, the adhesive tape clamp 302 can be driven by the lifting driving device 303 to move upwards, so that the lower end of the adhesive tape 31 is positioned in the adhesive tape clamp 302, at this time, the lower end of the adhesive tape 31 can be clamped by closing the adhesive tape clamp 302, and then, the lifting driving device 303 drives the adhesive tape clamp 302 to move downwards, so that the adhesive tape 31 can be elongated downwards. After the winding of the winding mechanism 10 is completed, the multi-axis robot 102 can drive the bobbin 11 to move to one side of the guide wheel 301 to be close to the adhesive tape 31, the adhesive tape 31 is ejected out to one side of the bobbin 11 through the top wheel assembly 304, so that the adhesive tape 31 is adhered to the coil of the bobbin 11, then the adhesive tape clamp 302 is loosened, the bobbin 11 is driven to rotate around the R axis through the multi-axis robot 102, so that the adhesive tape 31 can be wrapped on the outer surface of the coil for at least one circle, and then the cutter assembly 305 is extended out to cut the adhesive tape 31, so that the bobbin 11 after being wrapped can be moved to other stations, for example, to a discharge station for discharging.
In this embodiment, by using the encapsulation mechanism 30, the quick encapsulation of the bobbin 11 after the winding is completed can be realized, the structure is simple, the encapsulation process is reliable and stable, and the encapsulation quality is high.
Advantageously, the encapsulation mechanism 30 further comprises a belt pressing assembly 306, wherein the belt pressing assembly 306 is arranged on one side of the guide wheel 301 and is used for pressing the adhesive tape 31 on the guide wheel 301 when the adhesive tape 31 needs to be cut.
Before the adhesive tape 31 is cut by the cutter assembly 305, the adhesive tape 31 can be pressed on the guide wheel 301 through the tape pressing assembly 306, at this time, one end of the adhesive tape 31 is wound on the coil, the adhesive tape 31 is pressed on the guide wheel 301 by the tape pressing assembly 306 at the guide wheel 301, therefore, the part between the guide wheel 301 and the coil on the adhesive tape 31 is fixed and then extends out through the cutter assembly 305, and the cutter assembly 305 can cut the part between the guide wheel 301 and the coil on the adhesive tape 31, so that the cutting reliability of the adhesive tape 31 can be ensured.
Referring to fig. 6, in an embodiment of the present invention, the adhesive tape clamp 302 includes a first clamping piece 3021, a second clamping piece 3022, and a clamping cylinder 3023, where the first clamping piece 3021 and the second clamping piece 3022 are disposed opposite to each other, and the clamping cylinder 3023 drives the first clamping piece 3021 and the second clamping piece 3022 to move relatively to clamp or release the adhesive tape 31.
The top wheel assembly 304 comprises a mounting plate, a top wheel and a first telescopic cylinder, the top wheel is arranged at one end of the mounting plate, the first telescopic cylinder is connected with the other end of the mounting plate, the first telescopic cylinder drives the mounting plate to move towards the direction close to the adhesive tape 31 or away from the adhesive tape 31, and then the adhesive tape 31 is compressed on a coil.
The cutter assembly 305 includes a link 3052, a cutter 3051 and a second telescopic cylinder 3053, the link 3052 is slidably disposed on a base 3071, the base 3071 is fixed on the bracket 307, the cutter 3051 is fixed on the link 3052, and the second telescopic cylinder 3053 is connected to the link 3052 to drive the link 3052 to move, so that the cutter 3051 extends out along with the link 3052 to cut off the adhesive tape 31.
The belt pressing assembly 306 comprises a sliding rod 3061, an L-shaped connecting piece 3062, a pressing block 3063 and a third telescopic cylinder 3064, the sliding rod 3061 is slidably arranged on the base 3071, the L-shaped connecting piece 3062 is connected with one end of the sliding rod 3061, the pressing block 3063 is installed on the L-shaped connecting piece 3062 and is opposite to the guide wheel 301, the other end of the sliding rod 3061 is connected to the third telescopic cylinder 3064, the third telescopic cylinder 3064 drives the sliding rod 3061 to slide, and then the pressing block 3063 is driven to move towards the direction close to the guide wheel 301 or far away from the guide wheel 301, so that the adhesive belt 31 is tightly pressed on the guide wheel 301 or the adhesive belt 31 is.
Referring to fig. 10 to 11, in an embodiment of the present invention, the casing threading mechanism 20 includes a base 201, a wire feeding wheel set 202, a pipe feeding wheel set 203, a pipe pressing device 204, a cutter device 205, and a translation driving device 206, wherein the wire feeding wheel set 202 and the pipe feeding wheel set 203 are disposed on the base 201, the wire feeding wheel set 202 is used for conveying a wire, and the pipe feeding wheel set 203 is used for conveying a casing.
The pipe pressing device 204 is arranged in the conveying direction of the wire rods, the pipe pressing device 204 comprises a U-shaped seat 2041, an upper pressing block 2042, a lower pressing block 2043 and a pressing block driving device 2044, the upper pressing block 2042 and the lower pressing block 2043 are arranged in the opening of the U-shaped seat 2041 relatively, the pressing block driving device 2044 drives the upper pressing block 2042 and the lower pressing block 2043 to move relatively, an upper pipe groove is formed in the upper pressing block 2042, a lower pipe groove opposite to the upper pipe groove is formed in the lower pressing block 2043, a pipe pressing hole H20 is defined between the upper pipe groove and the lower pipe groove, and the pipe pressing hole H20 can be opened or closed along with the relative movement of the upper pressing block 2042 and the lower pressing block 2043.
The cutter device 205 is disposed on a side of the U-shaped seat 2041 close to the pipe conveying wheel set 203 for cutting the casing pipe.
A translation drive 206 is coupled to the tube pressing device 204 for driving the tube pressing device 204 between the third position and the fourth position.
When the pipe pressing device 204 is located at the third position, the pipe pressing hole H20 is opposite to the pipe pressing wheel group 203, at this time, the pipe pressing hole H20 is in an open state, the pipe pressing wheel group 203 conveys the sleeve pipe into the pipe pressing hole H20, when the sleeve pipe is conveyed to the pipe pressing hole H20 for a predetermined length, the pressing block driving device 2044 drives the upper pressing block 2042 and the lower pressing block 2043 to approach each other, so that the pipe pressing hole H20 is closed to press the sleeve pipe tightly, and then the cutter device 205 is used for cutting the sleeve pipe, so that a section of the sleeve pipe with the predetermined length is left in the pipe pressing hole H20. Then, the pressing block driving device 2044 drives the upper pressing block 2042 and the lower pressing block 30632043 to move away from each other, so that the pressing pipe hole H20 is opened to release the sleeve, the pipe conveying wheel group 203 conveys the sleeve into the pressing pipe hole H20 continuously, when the sleeve is conveyed to the pressing pipe hole H20 by a further preset length, the pressing block driving device 2044 drives the upper pressing block 2042 and the lower pressing block 2043 to move close to each other, so that the pressing pipe hole H20 is closed again to press the sleeve tightly, the cutter device 205 is used for cutting the sleeve, and another section of the sleeve with the preset length is left in the pressing pipe hole H20, so that the two sections of the sleeve can be conveyed into the pressing pipe hole H20.
Subsequently, the translation driving device 206 drives the pipe pressing device 204 to switch from the third position to the fourth position, when the pipe pressing device 204 is located at the fourth position, the pipe pressing hole H20 is opposite to the wire feeding wheel set 202, at this time, the wire is fed into the pipe pressing hole H20 by the wire feeding wheel set 202, and the wire can pass through two sections of sleeves in the pipe pressing hole H20 and then is output, so that at least two sections of sleeves can be arranged on the wire in a penetrating manner.
Advantageously, the casing threading mechanism 20 further comprises a clamping tube assembly 207, the clamping tube assembly 207 is used for clamping the latter one of the two casings on the wire in the conveying direction, and the wire in the casing can be conveyed continuously when the casing is clamped by the clamping tube assembly 207.
After the wire penetrates into the two sleeves, the pipe pressing hole H20 is in an open state, the translation driving device 206 can be used to drive the pipe pressing device 204 to return to the third position, the wire does not move along with the pipe pressing device 204, and the two sleeves and the wire can be located outside the pipe pressing device 204, at this time, the pipe clamping assembly 207 can be used to clamp the sleeve(s) close to one side of the wire feeding wheel set 202 in the two sleeves, so that during wire feeding, the sleeve (one pin 112) on one side of the wire and the wire close to the wire pulling mechanism 101 can be continuously fed, and the sleeve (the other) close to one side of the wire feeding wheel set 202 in the two sleeves is kept still. Thus, the sleeve can be abutted against the wire guide mouth 1011f, and is convenient to wind on one pin 112 of the wire frame 11. After the coil is wound in the wire groove 111 of the wire frame 11, another sleeve is loosened through the pipe clamping component 207, so that the other sleeve can be conveyed to the right side of the wire guide mouth 1011f, and the other sleeve can abut against the wire guide mouth 1011f through wire withdrawing, and further can be wound on the other pin 112 of the wire frame 11 conveniently.
In other words, in this embodiment, one of the sleeves can be clamped by the clamping tube assembly 207, so that only one sleeve moves to abut against the wire guide mouth 1011f each time the pin is hung, and thus, each pin 112 is wound by one sleeve.
Referring to fig. 8 to 9, in an embodiment of the present invention, the multi-axis robot 102 includes a robot arm 1021 and a multi-axis moving mechanism 1022, the robot arm 1021 has a connection portion adapted to be connected to the bobbin 11, and the multi-axis moving mechanism 1022 is connected to the robot arm 1021 for driving the robot arm 1021 to move along an X axis, a Y axis, and a Z axis and pivot around an R axis, wherein the R axis coincides with an axis of the coil. That is to say, the insertion part on the mechanical arm 1021 and the hole on the wire frame 11 can be inserted, so that the wire frame 11 can be conveniently loaded on the mechanical arm 1021, and the structure is simple.
Advantageously, the multi-axis robot 102 is further provided with a wire pressing mechanism 103, the wire pressing mechanism 103 includes a wire pressing plate 1031 and a wire pressing driving mechanism 1032, the wire pressing plate 1031 is disposed on one side of the robot 1021 and is opposite to the inserting portion on the X axis, and the wire pressing driving mechanism 1032 drives the wire pressing plate 1031 to move away from or close to the wire rack 11 on the inserting portion, so as to stop the wire in the wire slot 111 of the wire rack 11 during winding, thereby ensuring reliable winding.
Optionally, the full-automatic bushing threading, winding and rubber coating all-in-one machine in the embodiment of the present invention may further include a direct vibration feeding mechanism 40, the bobbin 11 may be sequentially conveyed by the direct vibration feeding mechanism 40, and the robot arm 1021 may move to an output end of the direct vibration feeding mechanism 40 and be inserted into a hole of the bobbin 11, so as to directly take material from the direct vibration feeding mechanism 40, so that the degree of automation is higher, and the production efficiency may be further improved.
It is understood that there may be two encapsulation mechanisms 30 (such as shown in fig. 12), and different tapes may be encapsulated by using two encapsulation mechanisms 30, so as to satisfy the requirement of encapsulating different tapes.
The working process of the full-automatic sleeving, winding and rubber coating all-in-one machine is described as follows:
firstly, at least two sleeves are sleeved on a wire through the sleeve penetrating mechanism 20, the moving seat 1013 is driven by the moving driving device to move towards the sleeve penetrating mechanism 20, after the wire is clamped by the wire clamp 1012, the moving seat 1013 is driven by the moving driving device to move away from the sleeve penetrating mechanism 20, so that the wire is straightened, and one sleeve is abutted against the wire guide mouth 1011 f.
Then, when the rotary seat 1014 is at the first position, the needle guide clamp 1011 is located at the left side of the X-axis direction, and the clamp 1012 is located at the right side of the X-axis direction, when the wire is in the straightened state, the multi-axis manipulator 102 is used to drive the wire rack 11 to move along the X, Y, Z axis, so that the pin 112 on the wire rack 11 surrounds the wire guiding mouth 1011f, and a sleeve on the wire is wound on the pin 112 on the wire rack 11. Subsequently, the rotation base 1014 is driven to rotate to the second position by the rotation driving device 1015 in the state that the needle guide clamp 1011 and the clamp 1012 are both opened.
When the swivel 1014 is at the second position, the needle guide holder 1011 is positioned at the right side in the X-axis direction and the wire clamp 1012 is positioned at the left side in the X-axis direction, and at this time, the wire is re-brought into the needle guide holder 1011 and the wire clamp 1012 by the multi-axis robot 102, and the needle guide holder 1011 is closed, and the wire clamp 1012 is kept open, and in this state, the wire stand 11 is driven by the multi-axis robot 102 to rotate around the R axis, and the wire is wound in the wire groove 111 of the wire stand 11 to form a coil. And then the multi-axis manipulator 102 is used for driving the wire frame 11 to move along the X, Y, Z axis, so that the pin 112 on the wire frame 11 moves around the wire guiding mouth 1011f, and then another sleeve on the wire is wound on the other pin 112 on the wire frame 11, and the winding is completed.
Finally, the multi-axis robot 102 moves the bobbin 11 into the encapsulation mechanism 30 and approaches the adhesive tape 31, the adhesive tape 31 is ejected out to one side of the bobbin 11 through the top wheel assembly 304, so that the adhesive tape 31 is adhered to the coil of the bobbin 11, then the adhesive tape clamp 302 is released, the bobbin 11 is driven by the multi-axis robot 102 to rotate around the R axis, so that the adhesive tape 31 can be wrapped on the outer surface of the coil for at least one circle, and then the cutter assembly 305 is extended to cut the adhesive tape 31, so that the bobbin 11 after encapsulation can be moved to other stations, for example, to an unloading station for unloading.
In the description herein, references to the description of the term "one embodiment," "some embodiments," "an example," "a specific example," or "some examples," etc., mean that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the invention. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above are not necessarily intended to refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples. Furthermore, various embodiments or examples and features of different embodiments or examples described in this specification can be combined and combined by one skilled in the art without contradiction.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and all modifications and equivalents of the present invention, which are made by the contents of the present specification and the accompanying drawings, or directly/indirectly applied to other related technical fields, are included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a full-automatic poling pipe wire winding rubber coating all-in-one which characterized in that includes:
the bushing mechanism is used for conveying a wire and at least two sections of bushings are arranged on the wire in a penetrating way;
the wire winding mechanism comprises a wire pulling mechanism and a multi-axis manipulator, and the wire pulling mechanism is arranged in the conveying direction of the wire and used for positioning and straightening the wire; the multi-axis manipulator is suitable for grabbing a wire frame, and is used for driving the wire frame to rotate around an R axis so as to wind a wire in a wire groove of the wire frame to form a coil, and driving the wire frame to move along an X, Y, Z axis so as to wind two sections of sleeves on the wire on two pins of the wire frame respectively;
and the encapsulation mechanism is used for wrapping at least one layer of insulating adhesive tape on the surface of the coil on the wire frame after winding.
2. The full-automatic bushing, winding and rubber coating all-in-one machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein the wire pulling mechanism comprises:
a clamp for clamping or unclamping the wire;
and when the multi-axis manipulator drives the wire frame to move along the X, Y, Z axis, the pins of the wire frame move around the needle guide clamp so as to wind the sleeve on the wire on the pins of the wire frame.
3. The full-automatic bushing, winding and rubber coating all-in-one machine according to claim 2, wherein the wire pulling mechanism further comprises:
the wire clamp and the guide pin are clamped on the moving seat;
and the moving driving device is connected with the moving seat and used for driving the moving seat to move along the X axis so as to enable the wire clamp to clamp the wire and then straighten the wire.
4. The full-automatic bushing, winding and rubber coating all-in-one machine according to claim 2, wherein the wire pulling mechanism further comprises:
the wire clamp and the guide pin are fixedly clamped on the rotating seat;
the rotary driving device is connected with the rotary seat and used for driving the rotary seat to rotate 180 degrees relative to the movable seat to switch between a first position and a second position so as to enable the positions of the wire clamp and the needle guide clamp to be interchanged;
when the rotary seat is located at the first position, the multi-axis manipulator is configured to drive the wire frame to move around the guide pin clamp so as to wind one of the two sections of sleeves on the wire on one pin of the wire frame;
when the rotary seat is located at the second position, the multi-axis manipulator is configured to drive the wire frame to move around the guide pin clamp so as to wind the other of the two sections of sleeves on the wire on the other pin of the wire frame.
5. The full-automatic sleeving, winding and rubber coating all-in-one machine according to claim 2, wherein the guide pin clamp comprises a first guide pin clamp block, a second guide pin clamp block and a first clamping driving device;
the first guide pin clamping block and the second guide pin clamping block are oppositely arranged, a first nozzle extending along the conveying direction is formed on the first guide pin clamping block, and a second nozzle extending along the conveying direction is formed on the second guide pin clamping block;
the first clamping driving device drives the first guide pin clamping block and the second guide pin clamping block to move relatively to close or open, when the first guide pin clamping block and the second guide pin clamping block are closed, a wire passing hole is defined in front of the first mouth and the second mouth, and the aperture of the wire passing hole is larger than the diameter of the wire and smaller than the outer diameter of the sleeve.
6. The machine of claim 2, wherein the wire pulling mechanism further comprises a wire shearing assembly, and the wire shearing assembly and the wire clamp are arranged side by side in the conveying direction to shear the wire.
7. The full-automatic bushing, winding and rubber coating all-in-one machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein the rubber coating mechanism comprises:
the guide wheel is used for the adhesive tape to pass by;
the adhesive tape clip is used for clamping or loosening the adhesive tape;
the lifting driving device is connected with the adhesive tape clamp and used for driving the adhesive tape clamp to move up and down so that the adhesive tape clamp clamps and elongates the adhesive tape;
the top wheel assembly is arranged on one side of the adhesive tape clamp and used for pressing the elongated adhesive tape on the coil of the wire frame so as to enable the adhesive tape to be adhered to the coil of the wire frame;
the cutter assembly is arranged on one side of the adhesive tape clamp and used for cutting off the adhesive tape.
8. The machine as claimed in claim 7, wherein the encapsulation mechanism further comprises a pressing belt assembly disposed at one side of the guide wheel for pressing the adhesive tape against the guide wheel when the adhesive tape needs to be cut.
9. The machine of claim 1, wherein the bushing mechanism comprises a clamping assembly for clamping the rear one of the two bushings on the wire in the conveying direction, and the wire inside the bushing can be conveyed further while the bushings are clamped by the clamping assembly.
10. The machine of claim 1, wherein the multi-axis robot comprises a robot arm and a multi-axis motion mechanism, the robot arm has a connection portion adapted to be connected to the bobbin, and the multi-axis motion mechanism is connected to the robot arm for driving the robot arm to move along an X-axis, a Y-axis, a Z-axis and pivot around an R-axis, and the R-axis coincides with the axis of the coil.
CN202010244879.XA 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 Full-automatic bushing, winding and rubber coating all-in-one machine Pending CN111312513A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010244879.XA CN111312513A (en) 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 Full-automatic bushing, winding and rubber coating all-in-one machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010244879.XA CN111312513A (en) 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 Full-automatic bushing, winding and rubber coating all-in-one machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111312513A true CN111312513A (en) 2020-06-19

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Link
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111785511A (en) * 2020-07-08 2020-10-16 苏州创易技研股份有限公司 Stable wire rod pipe penetrating structure and pipe penetrating process thereof
CN112233899A (en) * 2020-12-18 2021-01-15 佛山市东和智能科技有限公司 Transformer clamp tube winding system

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111785511A (en) * 2020-07-08 2020-10-16 苏州创易技研股份有限公司 Stable wire rod pipe penetrating structure and pipe penetrating process thereof
CN112233899A (en) * 2020-12-18 2021-01-15 佛山市东和智能科技有限公司 Transformer clamp tube winding system
CN112233899B (en) * 2020-12-18 2021-04-09 佛山市东和智能科技有限公司 Transformer clamp tube winding system

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