CN111283545A - Quick change device of machine tool fixture and grinding head - Google Patents

Quick change device of machine tool fixture and grinding head Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111283545A
CN111283545A CN202010197345.6A CN202010197345A CN111283545A CN 111283545 A CN111283545 A CN 111283545A CN 202010197345 A CN202010197345 A CN 202010197345A CN 111283545 A CN111283545 A CN 111283545A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
machine tool
water ring
grinding head
guide sleeve
supporting plate
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN202010197345.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马宁
麦瑞缨
李振威
徐建华
麦学东
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
YINCHUAN HENGYIDA MACHINERY CO Ltd
Original Assignee
YINCHUAN HENGYIDA MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by YINCHUAN HENGYIDA MACHINERY CO Ltd filed Critical YINCHUAN HENGYIDA MACHINERY CO Ltd
Publication of CN111283545A publication Critical patent/CN111283545A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B33/00Honing machines or devices; Accessories therefor
    • B24B33/02Honing machines or devices; Accessories therefor designed for working internal surfaces of revolution, e.g. of cylindrical or conical shapes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B33/00Honing machines or devices; Accessories therefor
    • B24B33/06Honing machines or devices; Accessories therefor with controlling or gauging equipment
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B33/00Honing machines or devices; Accessories therefor
    • B24B33/10Accessories
    • B24B33/105Honing spindles; Devices for expanding the honing elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/06Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Geometry (AREA)
  • Constituent Portions Of Griding Lathes, Driving, Sensing And Control (AREA)

Abstract

The invention is suitable for the technical field of machining, and provides a quick-change device for a machine tool fixture and a grinding head, which is arranged on a machine tool body and comprises: the free end of the rotating mechanism is provided with a positioning spigot used for placing a grinding head and used for placing a replaced grinding head; the water ring support is provided with a water ring, the water ring support can be driven by a lifting mechanism to lift relative to the machine tool body, the water ring support is detachably provided with a guide sleeve supporting plate, the guide sleeve supporting plate is provided with a plurality of positioning holes for placing guide sleeves, the guide sleeve supporting plate is movably matched with the water ring support through a horizontal linear guide rail pair, and the guide sleeves on the guide sleeve supporting plate move to a processing position through the lifting mechanism and the horizontal linear guide rail pair, so that the water ring machine tool has the beneficial effects that: the structure sets up rationally, has promoted the efficiency of changing anchor clamps and bistrique, has shortened non-production time, has promoted the rate of utilization of lathe, and then has improved production efficiency greatly.

Description

Quick change device of machine tool fixture and grinding head
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of machining, in particular to a quick-change device for a machine tool clamp and a grinding head.
Background
In the factory production process, a plurality of enterprises combine the structural characteristics of the products thereof, and the same machine tool is adopted to process various parts to improve the utilization rate of the machine tool. When the production line is arranged, the varieties with similar appearance and similar specifications are particularly arranged in the same processing line as much as possible, and the processing of various parts can be met only by simply replacing corresponding tools, clamps or cutters and the like when the varieties are replaced, so that additional production line investment is not needed, the production requirements are met, a large amount of funds are saved, and the method is a preferred choice of a plurality of production enterprises.
Particularly, when engine cylinder holes are honed, a machine tool with high automation degree is mostly adopted for processing at present, the outer diameter sizes of processing tools (namely grinding heads) with different cylinder diameters are different, the required inner hole size of a guide sleeve is determined according to the outer diameter size of the grinding head, a plurality of grinding heads and guide sleeves are required to be arranged for processing various engines, even if the positioning and clamping modes of clamps are consistent, the grinding heads and the guide sleeves with different specifications are required to be replaced when products with different cylinder hole inner diameters are processed, a lot of workload is increased, a large amount of non-processing time is occupied, and the production efficiency is seriously influenced.
Disclosure of Invention
The embodiment of the invention aims to provide a quick-change device for a machine tool clamp and a grinding head, and aims to solve the technical problems in the background technology.
The embodiment of the invention is realized in such a way that the quick-change device for the machine tool fixture and the grinding head is arranged on the machine tool body and comprises:
the free end of the rotating mechanism is provided with a positioning spigot used for placing a grinding head and used for placing a replaced grinding head; and
the water ring support is provided with a water ring, the water ring support can be driven by the lifting mechanism to lift relative to the machine tool body, the water ring support is detachably provided with a guide sleeve supporting plate, the guide sleeve supporting plate is provided with a plurality of positioning holes for placing guide sleeves, the guide sleeve supporting plate is movably matched with the water ring support through a horizontal linear guide pair, and the guide sleeves on the guide sleeve supporting plate move to a processing position through the lifting mechanism and the horizontal linear guide pair.
As a further scheme of the invention: the rotating mechanism comprises a rotating frame, and the rotating frame is hinged to the machine tool body through a rotating shaft and used for rotating relative to the machine tool body under the driving of a power mechanism.
As a still further scheme of the invention: and a sensor c is arranged at the position of the machine tool body corresponding to the rotating frame and used for detecting whether the rotating frame resets.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the lifting mechanism comprises a vertical linear guide rail pair, the water ring support is arranged on a sliding block of the vertical linear guide rail pair, the vertical linear guide rail pair is arranged on a mounting seat assembled on the machine tool body, and the water ring support is driven by an oil cylinder to move along the vertical linear guide rail pair in a lifting mode.
As a still further scheme of the invention: and a U-shaped handle is fixed at one side of the guide sleeve supporting plate.
As a still further scheme of the invention: and a positioning plate is fixed on the water ring support, the positioning plate is in sliding fit with the guide sleeve supporting plate through a horizontal linear guide rail pair, and the guide sleeve supporting plate is detachably connected with the positioning plate.
As a still further scheme of the invention: a pin seat and a hinged support are installed at one side of the guide sleeve supporting plate, a pin is installed on the pin seat in a matched mode, a handle is hinged to the hinged support through a pin shaft, one end of the pin is hinged to the handle, and a jack is arranged at the position, corresponding to the positioning plate, of the positioning plate.
As a still further scheme of the invention: and the machine tool body and the water ring support are respectively provided with a sensor a and a sensor b for detecting whether the guide sleeve moves in place.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: the structure sets up rationally, has promoted the efficiency of changing anchor clamps and bistrique, has shortened non-production time, has promoted the rate of utilization of lathe, and then has improved production efficiency greatly.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a quick-change device for a machine tool fixture and a grinding head.
Fig. 2 is a top view of a quick-change device for a machine tool fixture and a grinding head.
In the drawings: 1-a machine tool body, 2-a water ring support, 3-a sensor a, 4-a water ring, 5-a horizontal linear guide rail pair, 6-a guide sleeve supporting plate, 7-a bolt seat, 8-a hinged seat, 9-a bolt, 10-a positioning plate, 11-a rotating shaft, 12-a rotating frame, 13-a grinding head, 14-a handle, 15-an oil cylinder, 16-a mounting seat, 17-a vertical linear guide rail pair, 18-a guide sleeve A, 19-a guide sleeve B, 20-a sensor B, 21-a U-shaped handle and 22-a sensor c.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention is described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
Specific implementations of the present invention are described in detail below with reference to specific embodiments.
As shown in fig. 1-2, a structure diagram of a quick-change device for a machine tool fixture and a grinding head according to an embodiment of the present invention is installed on a machine tool body 1, and includes a rotating mechanism and a water ring support 2, wherein a positioning spigot for placing the grinding head is provided at a free end position of the rotating mechanism, and the positioning spigot is used for placing the replaced grinding head; install water ring 4 on the water ring support 2, water ring support 2 by the elevating system drive can for 1 lifts of lathe body, detachable installs uide bushing layer board 6 on the water ring support 2, be equipped with a plurality of location mouths that are used for placing the uide bushing on the uide bushing layer board 6, uide bushing layer board 6 through the vice 5 of horizontal linear guide with water ring support 2 clearance fit, through the vice 5 so that the uide bushing on the uide bushing layer board 6 of elevating system and horizontal linear guide move to the processing position.
In practical application, the grinding heads with corresponding models are installed on the machine tool body 1, the grinding heads to be replaced are placed at the positioning stop of the rotating mechanism, then the rotating mechanism is reset, and the grinding heads on the rotating mechanism are replaced in subsequent processing; and for the uide bushing, because place a plurality of uide bushings through the locating hole on the uide bushing layer board 6, through elevating system and the vice 5 adjustment of horizontal linear guide that needs to use to the processing position can, the processing position of here needs to guarantee the center coincidence of water ring 4, lathe main shaft center and uide bushing.
As shown in fig. 1 to 2, as a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a sensor c22 is installed at a position of the machine tool body 1 corresponding to the rotating frame 12, and is used for detecting whether the rotating frame 12 is reset.
After the replaced grinding head is placed on the positioning spigot of the rotating frame 12, the rotating frame 12 rotates around the rotating shaft 11 to the original position, the power mechanism of the rotating frame 12 can be a motor, a hydraulic motor and the like, and no specific limitation is made herein, and after the sensor c22 detects the position, a signal is sent to the control system of the machine tool body 1 to prompt that the machine tool body 1 can enter the next step.
As shown in fig. 1 to 2, as another preferred embodiment of the present invention, the lifting mechanism includes a vertical linear guide pair 17, the water ring support 2 is mounted on a slide block of the vertical linear guide pair 17, the vertical linear guide pair 17 is mounted on a mounting base 16 assembled on the machine tool body 1, and the water ring support 2 is driven by an oil cylinder 15 to move up and down along the vertical linear guide pair 17.
In this embodiment, when the oil cylinder 15 acts, the water ring support 2 and the plurality of guide sleeves thereon can be driven to lift, so that the guide sleeves can move to the processing position. Of course, in actual use, the oil cylinder may be replaced by another device such as an air cylinder.
As shown in fig. 1 to 2, as another preferred embodiment of the present invention, a U-shaped handle 21 is fixed to one side of the guide sleeve supporting plate 6.
In this embodiment, the U-shaped handle 21 is intended to drive the guide sleeve supporting plate 6 and the guide sleeve thereon to move in the horizontal direction, but in actual application, the guide sleeve supporting plate may also be driven by an oil cylinder, an air cylinder or a servo screw rod mechanism, which is not limited specifically.
As shown in fig. 1 to 2, as a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a positioning plate 10 is fixed on the water ring support 2, the positioning plate 10 is slidably fitted with the guide sleeve supporting plate 6 through a horizontal linear guide pair 5, and the guide sleeve supporting plate 6 is detachably connected to the positioning plate 10.
Specifically, a pin seat 7 and a hinged support 8 are installed at one side of the guide sleeve supporting plate 6, a pin 9 is installed on the pin seat 7 in a matched mode, a handle 14 is hinged to the hinged support 8 through a pin shaft, one end of the pin 9 is hinged to the handle 14, and a jack is arranged at a position, corresponding to the positioning plate 10, of the positioning plate.
As shown in fig. 1 to 2, as a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a sensor a3 and a sensor b20 are further respectively mounted on the machine tool body 1 and the water ring support 2, and are used for detecting whether the guide sleeve is moved in place, wherein the sensor a3 is located at a side position of the water ring 4. The sensor a3 is used to determine whether the guide sleeve is aligned with the water ring 4, i.e. whether the guide sleeve is aligned with the center of the water ring 4, and the sensor b20 is used to determine whether the water ring support 2 is moved down to a set position.
Before the machine tool works, a workpiece to be machined is scanned through preset scanning equipment (such as two-dimensional codes) firstly, the diameter parameter of an inner hole of the machined workpiece is confirmed, a corresponding control program is called, and the parameter is correspondingly displayed on a control panel to prompt an operator to replace a corresponding tool clamp, a cutter and the like.
Assuming that workpieces to be processed with inner holes are respectively a workpiece A and a workpiece B, corresponding processing tools (grinding heads) are the grinding head A and the grinding head B, corresponding clamp guide sleeves are a guide sleeve A18 and a guide sleeve B19, scanning is carried out to confirm that the workpiece to be processed is the workpiece A, a control system prompts that the grinding head A and the clamp guide sleeve A18 need to be replaced, at the moment, the grinding head A is installed in a machine tool spindle, after the replaced grinding head is placed on a positioning spigot on a rotating frame 12, the rotating frame 12 is rotated to the original position around a rotating shaft 11, a sensor c22 detects a signal, the machine tool is operated to prepare the next link,
after the clamp guide sleeve 18A is arranged in the guide sleeve supporting plate 6, the sensor A3 is provided with a guide sleeve A18 at a position M, the center of a machine tool spindle, the center of the guide sleeve A18 and the center of the water ring 4 coincide to meet the processing condition, the oil cylinder 15 moves downwards to pull the water ring support 2 to move along the vertical linear guide rail pair 17, the guide sleeve A18 and the water ring 4 move to the position N along with the center of the guide sleeve A18, the sensor b sends out a signal, the machine tool spindle drives the grinding head A to automatically process the inner hole of the workpiece A, after the processing is finished, the oil cylinder 15 drives the water ring support 2 to return to the position P, the sensor b sends out a signal.
When a workpiece B needs to be replaced after scanning, the system prompts that the grinding head B and the clamp guide sleeve B19 need to be replaced, the grinding head B is used for replacing the grinding head A, the grinding head B is installed in a machine tool spindle, the replaced grinding head A is placed in a positioning spigot on the rotating frame 12, the rotating frame 12 is rotated around the rotating shaft 11 to the original position, the handle 14 is lifted, the bolt 9 is pulled out of one positioning hole in the positioning plate 10, the U-shaped handle 21 is pushed to horizontally push the guide sleeve supporting plate 6 to the position P from the position Q along the horizontal linear guide rail pair 5, the handle 14 is pressed down at the moment, the bolt 9 is inserted into the other positioning hole to complete positioning, the center of the inner hole of the guide sleeve B19 is overlapped with the center of the machine tool spindle, the inner hole of the workpiece B is continuously machined, and the corresponding clamp and the grinding head (machining tool) are replaced at the same time.
The embodiment of the invention provides a quick-change device for a machine tool fixture and a grinding head, which is reasonable in structural arrangement, improves the efficiency of replacing the fixture and the grinding head, shortens the non-production time, improves the utilization rate of a machine tool, and further greatly improves the production efficiency.
The above description is only for the purpose of illustrating the preferred embodiments of the present invention and is not to be construed as limiting the invention, and any modifications, equivalents and improvements made within the spirit and principle of the present invention are intended to be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a quick change device of lathe anchor clamps and bistrique installs on the lathe body, its characterized in that includes:
the free end of the rotating mechanism is provided with a positioning spigot used for placing a grinding head and used for placing a replaced grinding head; and
the water ring support is provided with a water ring, the water ring support can be driven by the lifting mechanism to lift relative to the machine tool body, the water ring support is detachably provided with a guide sleeve supporting plate, the guide sleeve supporting plate is provided with a plurality of positioning holes for placing guide sleeves, the guide sleeve supporting plate is movably matched with the water ring support through a horizontal linear guide pair, and the guide sleeves on the guide sleeve supporting plate move to a processing position through the lifting mechanism and the horizontal linear guide pair.
2. The quick-change device for the machine tool fixture and the grinding head as claimed in claim 1, wherein the rotating mechanism comprises a rotating frame, and the rotating frame is hinged to the machine tool body through a rotating shaft and is used for rotating relative to the machine tool body under the driving of a power mechanism.
3. The quick-change device for the machine tool clamp and the grinding head according to claim 2, wherein a sensor c is mounted at a position of the machine tool body corresponding to the rotating frame and used for detecting whether the rotating frame is reset or not.
4. The quick-change device for the machine tool fixture and the grinding head according to claim 1, 2 or 3, wherein the lifting mechanism comprises a vertical linear guide rail pair, the water ring bracket is mounted on a slide block of the vertical linear guide rail pair, the vertical linear guide rail pair is mounted on a mounting seat assembled on the machine tool body, and the water ring bracket is driven by an oil cylinder to move up and down along the vertical linear guide rail pair.
5. The quick-change device for the machine tool fixture and the grinding head as claimed in claim 4, wherein a U-shaped handle is fixed at one side of the guide sleeve supporting plate.
6. The quick-change device for the machine tool fixture and the grinding head according to claim 1, wherein a positioning plate is fixed on the water ring support, the positioning plate is in sliding fit with the guide sleeve supporting plate through a horizontal linear guide rail pair, and the guide sleeve supporting plate is detachably connected with the positioning plate.
7. The quick-change device for the machine tool fixture and the grinding head as claimed in claim 6, wherein a pin seat and a hinge seat are installed at one side position of the guide sleeve supporting plate, a pin is installed on the pin seat in a matching manner, a handle is hinged to the hinge seat through a pin shaft, one end of the pin is hinged to the handle, and a jack is arranged at a corresponding position of the positioning plate.
8. The quick-change device for the machine tool fixture and the grinding head according to claim 1, 2, 3, 5, 6 or 7, wherein a sensor a and a sensor b are further respectively mounted on the machine tool body and the water ring bracket and used for detecting whether the guide sleeve moves in place.
CN202010197345.6A 2020-03-03 2020-03-19 Quick change device of machine tool fixture and grinding head Withdrawn CN111283545A (en)

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010140417 2020-03-03
CN2020101404173 2020-03-03

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN111283545A true CN111283545A (en) 2020-06-16

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CN202010197345.6A Withdrawn CN111283545A (en) 2020-03-03 2020-03-19 Quick change device of machine tool fixture and grinding head
CN202020352467.3U Active CN212122870U (en) 2020-03-03 2020-03-19 Quick change device of machine tool fixture and grinding head

Family Applications After (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202020352467.3U Active CN212122870U (en) 2020-03-03 2020-03-19 Quick change device of machine tool fixture and grinding head

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CN (2) CN111283545A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115255941A (en) * 2022-08-04 2022-11-01 玉环仪表机床制造厂 Cylindrical turning and grinding integrated machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115255941A (en) * 2022-08-04 2022-11-01 玉环仪表机床制造厂 Cylindrical turning and grinding integrated machine
CN115255941B (en) * 2022-08-04 2023-08-08 玉环仪表机床制造厂 Excircle turning and grinding integrated machine

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CN212122870U (en) 2020-12-11

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Application publication date: 20200616

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