CN111168881A - Waste heavy-duty tire cover tire crushing robot tire body cutting system - Google Patents

Waste heavy-duty tire cover tire crushing robot tire body cutting system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111168881A
CN111168881A CN202010110122.1A CN202010110122A CN111168881A CN 111168881 A CN111168881 A CN 111168881A CN 202010110122 A CN202010110122 A CN 202010110122A CN 111168881 A CN111168881 A CN 111168881A
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roller
tire
carcass
machine
strip
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CN202010110122.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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杨松
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Individual
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Individual
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B17/00Recovery of plastics or other constituents of waste material containing plastics
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B17/00Recovery of plastics or other constituents of waste material containing plastics
    • B29B2017/001Pretreating the materials before recovery
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B17/00Recovery of plastics or other constituents of waste material containing plastics
    • B29B2017/001Pretreating the materials before recovery
    • B29B2017/0021Dividing in large parts
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/62Plastics recycling; Rubber recycling

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of environmental protection, in particular to a tire body cutting system of a waste heavy-duty tire and outer tire crushing robot. The method is characterized in that: the device comprises an epicyclic track trolley, a carcass strip grabbing roller machine, a gate type carcass cutting machine, a three-jaw power chuck workbench, a boring and cutting feed box, a carcass slitting machine and a carcass block cutting machine.

Description

Waste heavy-duty tire cover tire crushing robot tire body cutting system
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of environmental protection, in particular to a tire body cutting system of a waste heavy-duty tire and outer tire crushing robot.
Background
Waste tires are common solid waste pollutants, people recycle the waste tires through a plurality of ways to realize harmless treatment, the existing treatment modes comprise rubber powder preparation, reclaimed rubber preparation, fuel oil preparation and the like, and the treatment modes all need to decompose and crush the waste tires. The existing waste tires mainly comprise car tires, truck tires, agricultural tires, engineering tires, special vehicle tires, aviation tires, motorcycle tires, bicycle tires and the like, wherein the truck tires have large number ratio, and the tires have complex structures and are not easy to decompose and break. The Chinese invention patent (patent application number 201810181223.0, named as an automatic waste tire block cutting production line) discloses an automatic waste tire block cutting production line, which is characterized in that: the automatic waste tire block cutting production line comprises a tire feeding device, an automatic tire flat cutting device, an automatic tire overturning device, a tire strip cutting machine, a tire block cutting machine, a mouth ring conveying belt, a rubber block conveying belt and a mouth ring frame; the tire feeding device comprises a feeding rack, a guide rail, a motor, a driving wheel, a first driven wheel, a second driven wheel, a first limiting plate, a slide way, a side baffle and a propelling device, wherein the guide rail is arranged at the bottom of the feeding rack, waste tires are arranged on the guide rail, the two slide ways are arranged at the top of the feeding rack, the motor, the driving wheel, the first driven wheel and the second driven wheel are arranged on the feeding rack, the driving wheel, the first driven wheel and the second driven wheel are connected through a chain, an output shaft of the motor is connected with a central shaft of the driving wheel, two ends of the first limiting plate are respectively arranged on the corresponding slide ways through slide seats, and one end of the first limiting plate extends outwards and is connected with the chain, the first limiting plate abuts against the waste tire positioned at the rear part of the feeding rack, a propelling device is arranged at an outlet in front of the feeding rack, and a push plate of the propelling device abuts against the waste tire. The side baffles are uniformly arranged at two sides of the feeding rack, and the waste tires are positioned between the two slideways; the automatic tyre flat-cutting device comprises a flat-cutting frame, a pushing trolley, a flat-cutting first oil cylinder, a rotating connecting rod, a rotating arm, a flat-cutting second oil cylinder, an X-shaped lifting frame, a rack motor, a fixed cutter device, a flat-cutting third oil cylinder, a moving cutter device and a rack, wherein the pushing trolley is arranged at the rear end of a slideway on the outer side of a conveying frame of the flat-cutting frame and can move back and forth along the conveying frame of the flat-cutting frame to push, a cylinder body of the flat-cutting first oil cylinder is hinged to a crosspiece on the lower portion of the rear side of the flat-cutting frame, a piston portion of the flat-cutting first oil cylinder is hinged to one end of the rotating connecting rod, the middle portion of the rotating connecting rod is hinged to a vertical crosspiece on the lower portion of the rear side of the flat-cutting frame, the other end of the rotating connecting rod is fixedly connected with one end of the rotating arm, a cylinder body of the flat, the rack motor is arranged on a vertical frame at the center of the flat cutting rack, the rack is matched with the rack motor, the fixed cutter device is arranged at the lower end of the rack, when the rack motor is started and the rack moves downwards to a flat cutting position, the fixed cutter device is positioned at the center in the tire of the waste tire, the cylinder body of the flat cutting third oil cylinder is hinged with the vertical frame at the front side of the flat cutting rack, the piston part of the flat cutting third oil cylinder is hinged with the middle part of the movable cutter device, one end of the movable cutter device is hinged with the flat cutting rack, the other end of the movable cutter device is provided with a cutter, the flat cutting third oil cylinder is ejected out, and when the cutter of the movable cutter device moves to the flat cutting position, the cutter corresponds to the outer side; the automatic flat cutting device for the tires further comprises an arc-shaped guide rail, and the arc-shaped guide rail is arranged at the rear end of the flat cutting rack. The automatic tire overturning device comprises a vertical frame, a mouth ring positioning and tensioning device, a first overturning frame, a first connecting rod, a first oil cylinder, a fixing frame, a second connecting rod, a second oil cylinder and a second overturning frame, wherein the first overturning frame and the second overturning frame are arranged at the top of the vertical frame, the fixing frame is fixedly connected to the vertical frame, the first connecting rod is in an inverted L shape, one end of the first connecting rod is fixedly connected with the right end of the first overturning frame, the bending part of the first connecting rod is hinged to the left end of the fixing frame, the other end of the first connecting rod is connected with a piston part of the first oil cylinder, a cylinder body of the first oil cylinder is arranged on the vertical frame, the left end of the second connecting rod is hinged to the right end of the fixing frame, the right end of the second connecting rod is fixedly connected with the left end of the second overturning frame, the cylinder body of the second oil cylinder is hinged to the vertical frame, and the piston part of the second. The mouth ring positioning and tensioning device comprises claw arms, a mounting seat, three connecting rods, a sliding shaft, a cavity, four third limiting plates, a matching block and a third oil cylinder, wherein the matching block is positioned in the cavity, a fixed seat fixed with the cavity is arranged in the center of the first turnover frame, one ends of the four third connecting rods are respectively hinged around the mounting seat, the other ends of the four third connecting rods are respectively hinged with the middle parts of the corresponding claw arms, the lower end of the sliding shaft downwards penetrates through the mounting seat to extend into the cavity, the lower end of the sliding shaft is connected with the matching block, the cylinder body of the third oil cylinder is fixed at the lower end of the cavity through the mounting plate, the piston part of the third oil cylinder corresponds to the lower end of the matching block, the second limiting plate is arranged at the top of the sliding shaft, and the lower ends of the four claw arms are respectively hinged, under the dead weight of the matching block, the claw arm and the sliding shaft, the sliding shaft moves downwards along the vertical direction of the cavity. The initial position of the claw arm of the mouth ring positioning and tensioning device is positioned below the center of the waste tire after flat cutting, and the top of the claw arm extends out of the cavity. The Chinese invention patent (patent application number is 201410327288.3, the patent name is a waste tire bead peeling machine) discloses a waste tire bead peeling machine, which is characterized by comprising a pair of extrusion wheels for extruding tire beads, wherein the extrusion wheels are provided with inclined grooves, and the directions of the inclined grooves of the two extrusion wheels are opposite; the extrusion wheels are provided with a distance adjusting mechanism for adjusting the distance between the two extrusion wheels; the extrusion wheels are provided with power sources for driving the extrusion wheels to rotate, and the rotation directions of the two extrusion wheels are opposite; the device also comprises a rack for mounting the extrusion wheels and a hoisting device for hoisting the waste tires, wherein the two extrusion wheels are inclined towards the outer side of the rack. The invention discloses a novel waste tire stripping and slicing integrated machine (the patent application number is 201910748197.X, the patent name is a novel waste tire stripping and slicing integrated machine), which comprises a cutting device (1) and a slicing device (2), wherein one side of the cutting device (1) is integrally provided with the slicing device (2), the cutting device (1) comprises an upper circular disc cutter (3), a lower circular disc cutter (4), a cutting rack and a waste tire supporting structure, the upper circular disc cutter (3) and the lower circular disc cutter (4) are both arranged on the cutting rack of the cutting device (1), and the waste tire supporting structure is characterized in that the waste tire supporting structure is positioned at one side close to the upper circular disc cutter (3) and the lower circular disc cutter (4), the waste tire supporting structure comprises a supporting head (34) and a supporting block (12), the supporting head (34) is positioned at one side of an inner ring of a waste tire, and the supporting block (12) is positioned at the bottom of the waste tire, and a clamping groove (13) is formed in the supporting block (12), and the bottom of the waste tire is clamped in the clamping groove (13). The invention relates to a Chinese patent (patent application number is 201710965599.6, the patent name is a waste radial steel wire tire ring opening wire taking device) and discloses a waste radial steel wire tire ring opening wire taking device, which comprises a rolling module (1), an attraction module (2), a lifting module (3), a machine basin (4) and support legs (5), wherein the machine basin (4) is of a barrel-shaped structure, the support legs (5) are installed at the bottom of the machine basin (4), the support legs (5) are installed on the ground through foundation screws, a plurality of circles of upward convex cones are arranged at the bottom of the machine basin (4), cylindrical discharge holes are formed in the bottom surfaces of adjacent cones, and a through hole for the rolling module (1) to pass through is formed in the middle of the machine basin (4); the rolling module (1) is installed in the machine basin (4), and the rolling module (1) crushes the tire rubber in the machine basin (4); the suction module (2) is arranged below the machine basin (4), and the suction module (2) generates downward acting force on the rolling module (1) and is used for increasing the extrusion force of the rolling module (1) on the ring opening rubber; the lifting module (3) is arranged above the machine basin (4), and the lifting module (3) is used for lifting the rolling module (1), so that tires can be conveniently placed in the machine basin (4); the rolling module (1) comprises a spline shaft (11), a roll shaft (12), a rolling wheel (13), a self-tapping screw (14), a bearing (15), a shaft sleeve (16), a support (17), a reduction gearbox (18) and a main motor (19), wherein the reduction gearbox (18) and the main motor (19) are arranged on the support (17); the bracket (17) is arranged below the machine basin (4); the spline shaft (11) is a stepped shaft, the spline shaft (11) is connected with an output shaft of the reduction gearbox (18), and the spline shaft (11) penetrates through a through hole at the bottom of the machine basin (4) to be connected with the roll shaft (12); the middle part of the roll shaft (12) is provided with a spline hole, and the spline shaft (11) is inserted into the spline hole to drive the roll shaft (12) to rotate; the rolling wheel (13) is arranged on the roll shaft (12) through a bearing (15) and a shaft sleeve (16), and a plurality of circles of self-tapping screws (14) are vertically welded on the outer surface of the rolling wheel (13).
The device for cutting off the tire bead (opening ring) of the automatic waste tire block cutting production line in the prior art is used for firstly finishing the process of cutting off the waste tire in a flat mode, namely, the tire is divided into two parts along the tire surface in a flat cutting mode, so that the half tire is provided with one tire bead, the tire bead needs to be clamped, cut and separated twice, the production efficiency is naturally low, the influence on the following cutting and block cutting process is large, the reason is that the rest parts after the tire bead is cut off have no reference for positioning and clamping by clamps, and the technical details of cutting off the waste tire are not disclosed, so that technicians in the field have a question about the adoption of the flat cutting means for finally realizing block cutting and tire breaking. In the second prior art, the working principle of peeling off the steel wire of the tire bead is that the tire bead is extruded and peeled off through two rollers with inclined grooves, and actually, a pair of rollers shear and damage the high-strength steel wire, so that a cutter is easily damaged, and a hoisting device for hoisting waste tires cannot reliably clamp and process the waste tires. In the prior art, the third device cuts the strips through the circular cutter and the lower circular cutter and then cuts the strips, and has the defect that the automatic production cannot be realized, and the problem that how to reliably clamp materials is difficult is not disclosed, and the technical details of how to feed the materials are not disclosed. The prior art can finish positioning and clamping the tire, but does not disclose the technical details of how to feed, and the machine basin for containing the waste tire is designed into a barrel-shaped structure, so that the closed structure causes a lot of troubles to automatic production.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the problems, the invention aims to provide a tire body cutting system of a waste heavy-duty tire and outer tire crushing robot, which is characterized in that: the device comprises an epicyclic track trolley, a carcass strip grabbing roller machine, a gate type carcass cutting machine, a three-jaw power chuck workbench, a boring and cutting feed box, a carcass slitting machine and a carcass block cutting machine.
The turnover track trolley comprises a gathering and clamping roller assembly, a track trolley and an arched chain roller rubbing and grinding machine, the turnover track trolley is in linear reciprocating motion along the track, two stations are designed on the track, the distance between the two stations is equal to the distance between the gathering and clamping roller assembly arranged on the turnover track trolley and a machining center of the arched chain roller rubbing and grinding machine, when the turnover track trolley is in the first station, the gathering and clamping roller assembly enters the first station from the second station to finish vertical positioning of the waste tire conveyed by the roller sorting carriage, the arched chain roller rubbing and grinding machine enters the second station, at the moment, the tire beads after the three-jaw power chuck working platform clamps and separates the tire body are sent to the arched chain roller rubbing and grinding machine step by step section by section to be ground, and the boring and feeding box is in the standby station; when the turnover track trolley is positioned at a station II, the collecting clamping roller assembly clamps the waste tires and returns to the station II from the station I, the three-jaw power chuck workbench starts to work to clamp and position the waste tires, the door type tire body cutting machine works to cut off the tire body in sequence, the boring and cutting feeding box feeds the tire bead and the tire body in sequence to cut and separate, the tire body is rolled smoothly on the strip grabbing roller machine in sequence, and the bow-shaped chain roller rubbing and grinding machine exits from the station II to stand by.
The portal carcass cutting machine is designed with a portal frame, a cross beam and a hydraulic spindle feeding box according to the working principle of a portal milling machine, wherein the cross beam is arranged on the portal frame to move up and down, and the hydraulic spindle feeding box moves transversely along a cross beam guide rail and drives a cutter to complete radial feeding movement from a tread to an axial center.
The tyre body strip grabbing roller machine comprises a wedge tooth pressing strip roller assembly, a strip grabbing roller, a strip laying row roller, a driving roller and a driven roller, the tyre body strip grabbing roller machine can be divided into an upper jaw and a lower jaw, the upper jaw comprises the wedge tooth pressing strip roller assembly, the strip laying row roller and the driving roller, the lower jaw comprises the strip grabbing roller and the driven roller, and the upper jaw and the lower jaw of the tyre body strip grabbing roller machine are matched to tile a gap tyre body ring into a regular strip rectangular plate and are completely separated from the tyre ring.
The carcass slitter comprises an active roller, a passive roller, synchronous hobs, check rings, a roller distance adjusting hand wheel and a speed ratio gear pair, a carcass long-strip rectangular slab is conveyed to the carcass slitter with the help of the active roller and the passive roller, two rollers which relatively rotate are designed according to the working principle of a rubber open mill for enabling the speed of the carcass slitter and the carcass strip robbing roller to be consistent and continuous production, the carcass slitter comprises two rollers which relatively rotate, synchronous hobs are additionally arranged on the roller surfaces of the active roller and the passive roller, the cutting edges of the synchronous hobs of the two rollers are pairwise staggered to form a pair of cutting edges which relatively rotate, the width of the carcass cutting strip is adjusted by the check rings between the synchronous hobs, the meshing distance of the synchronous hobs on the two rollers which relatively rotate is finely adjusted by the roller distance adjusting hand wheel, thereby the cutting and the extrusion of the carcass long-strip rectangular slab are finished, and the cutting is realized for improving the shearing force of the synchronous hobs, the linear speed difference of the synchronous hobs on the two roll surfaces is adjusted to be 1.5-1.8: 1 through the speed ratio gear pair.
The matrix slabbing machine includes the chute, go up the crank, lower crank, the top rest, the lower tool rest, the rectangular rectangle slab of matrix gets into the chute after the long-strip that becomes 3 ~ 4cm wide is cuted to the matrix slitter, the baffle that is designed with the same width of retaining ring in the chute is used for arranging the matrix is rectangular, design matrix slabbing machine according to flying shear's theory of operation, matrix slabbing machine design has top crank and lower crank, top rest and lower tool rest are installed to top crank and lower articulate shearing station, top crank and lower crank revolve a week relatively, shear and reciprocating translation motion about the completion of drive top rest and lower tool rest.
The inventors have found that a heavy duty tire is composed of a cover, an inner tube and a rim strip. The outer tire consists of three main parts, namely a tire body, a tire tread and a tire bead, wherein the tire body is formed by laminating a plurality of layers of rubberized cord fabrics according to a certain angle, and the cord fabrics are usually made of high-strength steel wires and synthetic fiber rubberized fabrics; the tread contacts with the ground and is made of heat-resistant and shear-resistant rubber materials; the tyre bead is used for tightly fixing the tyre on a wheel rim, and mainly comprises a steel wire ring, triangular filling rubber and steel wire ring wrapping cloth. The tire tread of the waste heavy-duty tire casing is usually close to the completion of abrasion, only the casing and the tire bead part are left, the casing part is usually deformed and damaged in different degrees due to abrasion, tire burst and the like, but the tire bead cannot be deformed and kept complete, the reason is that the steel wire ring formed by the high-strength steel wire and the filling rubber can bear various interaction forces of the casing and the rim, and the tire casings of different specifications can be sorted and sorted by measuring the diameters of the tire beads because the tire beads are not deformed and damaged.
The inventor finds that, as is known in the technical field, the support of the workpiece clamp cannot be removed by adopting a machining mode, whether the workpiece clamp is used for clamping firmly and reliably and the accurate positioning of the workpiece is guaranteed to be closely related to the selection of the clamping part of the workpiece, and the tire bead is undoubtedly an ideal part which is suitable for clamping and positioning in the waste tire, so that the waste tire can be reliably clamped and the design difficulty of the clamp is reduced. The tyre bead is a steel wire ring formed by high-strength steel wires and filling rubber, the tensile strength and the surface hardness of the high-strength steel wires in the steel wire ring are high, the high-strength steel wires are not easy to break mechanically, and cord fabrics in the tyre body are usually made of thin high-strength steel wires or synthetic fiber hanging rubber and can be broken mechanically. The tire bead and the tire bead need to be respectively broken, the structure of the tire bead and the tire bead can be regarded as double-layer concentric rings, a three-jaw power chuck workbench is designed according to the working principle of a chuck type horizontal lathe fixture, the tire bead is clamped and positioned by the three-jaw power chuck, a boring feeding box is designed according to the working principle of a horizontal boring machine spindle feeding box to cut and separate the tire bead from the tire bead, after the waste tire is cut off and separated from the tire bead, the tire is in an inner side gap ring shape, if the gap ring-shaped tire is cut off, the cut tire is flatly laid on a plane, and the tire is changed into a regular long rectangular sheet, so the tire bead rubbing and breaking process flow can be sequentially a standby mode that the tire bead is clamped and positioned by the three-jaw power chuck, the tire is cut off by a portal tire cutting-off machine, the tire is cut off by the boring feeding box to cut and separate the tire bead from the tire, And (4) carrying out upper processing on the arch-shaped chain roller rubbing mill of the turnover track trolley.
The inventor finds that a turnover track trolley linearly reciprocates along a track, the track is provided with two stations in total, the distance between the two stations is equal to the distance between a collecting clamping roller assembly arranged on the turnover track trolley and a machining center of an arched chain roller rubbing and grinding machine, when the turnover track trolley is at the station I, the collecting clamping roller assembly enters the station I from the station II to finish vertical positioning of the waste tire conveyed by a roller sorting sliding frame, the arched chain roller rubbing and grinding machine enters the station II, at the moment, a tire bead clamped and separated from a tire body is fed by a three-jaw power chuck working platform step by step section to the arched chain roller rubbing and grinding machine to be ground, and a boring feeding box is at the standby station; when the turnover track trolley is positioned at a station II, the collecting clamping roller assembly clamps the waste tires and returns to the station II from the station I, the three-jaw power chuck workbench starts to work to clamp and position the waste tires, the door type tire body cutting machine works to cut off the tire body in sequence, the boring and cutting feeding box feeds the tire bead and the tire body in sequence to cut and separate, the tire body is rolled smoothly on the strip grabbing roller machine in sequence, and the bow-shaped chain roller rubbing and grinding machine exits from the station II to stand by.
The inventor finds that the separation of the tire body and the tire bead comprises the steps of cutting off the tire body by a portal tire body cutting machine, cutting and separating the tire bead and the tire body by a boring feeding box and flattening and coiling the tire body by a tire body strip grabbing roller machine, and the portal tire body cutting machine, the boring feeding box and the tire body strip grabbing roller machine all finish the processing procedure on the basis of clamping and positioning by a three-jaw power chuck workbench. The portal tire body cutting machine is designed with a portal frame, a cross beam and a hydraulic main shaft feeding box according to the working principle of a portal milling machine, wherein the cross beam is arranged on the portal frame to move up and down, the hydraulic main shaft feeding box moves transversely along a cross beam guide rail and drives a cutter to complete radial feeding movement from a tire tread to an axial center, the hydraulic main shaft feeding box returns to a standby station when feeding to a position 2mm away from the outer side of a designed cutting circumferential line of a tire body and the tire bead, a boring and cutting feeding box is started to feed the tire bead and the tire body to be cut and separated, two sections of the cut tire body are connected by rubber with the thickness of only 2mm, a three-jaw power chuck workbench rotates to feed a tire body cutting opening into a tire body strip cutting roller, the tire body cutting roller comprises a wedge tooth pressing strip, a strip cutting roller, a strip laying and arranging roller, a driving roller and a driven roller, the tire strip cutting roller can be divided into an upper jaw, The lower jaw of the driving roller comprises a strip grabbing roller and a driven roller, the upper jaw and the lower jaw of the tire body strip grabbing roller machine are matched to tile the notch tire body ring into a regular long rectangular plate and are completely separated from the tire bead, the concrete steps are that the strip grabbing roller extends into a tire body splitting opening, the wedge tooth pressing strip roller assembly engages the notch tire body ring and sends the notch tire body ring into a strip laying roller, the strip laying roller and the wedge tooth pressing strip roller assembly jointly exert force to break the tire body from the splitting opening, the tire body is tiled into a regular long rectangular plate through the matching of the strip laying roller and the strip grabbing roller, and the strip laying roller and the driven roller are further leveled.
The inventor finds that the connecting part of the tire body and the tire bead is hard vulcanized rubber without obstacles such as high-strength steel wire meshes and the like, so that a three-jaw power chuck is designed to clamp and position the tire bead of the waste tire by taking the center of a wheel rim as an axis, the hard vulcanized rubber at the position is cut and processed by a boring and cutting feed box in a rotating way to realize the separation of the tire body and the tire bead, but the tire body loses the reliable clamping and positioning of the three-jaw power chuck after the two are separated, so that the tire body needs to be cut and cut off in a transverse cutting way firstly, then the tire bead is cut and separated, when the tire body is cut and cut off in the transverse cutting way, the high-strength steel wire meshes in the broken tire body lose the restraint, the tire body is stretched straightly, then a wedge pressing strip roller assembly and a robbing strip roller assembly cannot position and catch the tire body, therefore, the transverse cutting section of, the carcass gap is convenient for the wedge tooth pressing strip roller component and the strip grabbing roller to engage one end of the carcass like the upper jaw and the lower jaw, the wedge tooth pressing strip roller component and the strip grabbing roller engage the carcass and then send the carcass into the strip laying row roller, and the strip laying row roller and the wedge tooth pressing strip roller component jointly exert force to tear the carcass off from the constraint rubber section with the thickness of 2mm at the fracture opening and then lay the carcass flat into a regular long rectangular sheet.
The inventor finds that the carcass strip rectangular plate is conveyed to the carcass slitter with the help of the driving roller and the driven roller, in order to ensure that the carcass slitter and the carcass strip grabbing roller have the same speed and can continuously produce, the carcass slitter designs two rollers which rotate oppositely according to the working principle of a rubber open mill, the roller surfaces of the driving roller and the driven roller are respectively provided with a synchronous hob, the cutting edges of the synchronous hobs of the two rollers are staggered in pairs to form a pair of oppositely rotating shear edges, the width of carcass slitting is adjusted by a check ring between the synchronous hobs, the meshing distance of synchronous hobs on two oppositely rotating rollers is finely adjusted by a roller distance adjusting hand wheel, thereby completing slitting under the shearing and extruding action on the long rectangular slab of the carcass, in order to improve the shearing force of the synchronous hobs on the roll surfaces of the driving roller and the driven roller on the long rectangular slab of the carcass, the linear speed difference of the synchronous hobs on the two roll surfaces is adjusted to be 1.5-1.8: 1 through the speed ratio gear pair.
The inventor finds that a long rectangular sheet of the tire body is cut into a long strip with the width of 3-4 cm by a tire body cutting machine and then enters a chute, a partition plate with the same width as a check ring is designed in the chute and used for arranging the long strip of the tire body, the tire body block cutting machine is designed according to the working principle of a flying shear, an upper crank and a lower crank are designed on the tire body block cutting machine, an upper cutter frame and a lower cutter frame are installed on the cutting stations of the upper crank and the lower crank, the upper crank and the lower crank rotate for a circle relatively, and the upper cutter frame and the lower cutter frame are driven to complete.
Compared with the prior art, the invention at least has the following advantages: firstly, the support of the workpiece clamp cannot be removed by adopting a machining mode, whether the workpiece clamp clamps the workpiece is firm and reliable, the workpiece positioning accuracy is ensured to be closely related to the selection of the workpiece clamping position, and the tire bead is undoubtedly an ideal position suitable for clamping and positioning in the waste tire, so that the waste tire can be reliably clamped and the design difficulty of the clamp is reduced. The tire bead is a steel wire ring formed by high-strength steel wires and filling rubber, the tensile strength and the surface hardness of the high-strength steel wires in the steel wire ring are high, the high-strength steel wires are not easy to mechanically break, cord fabrics in the tire body are usually made of thin high-strength steel wires or synthetic fiber hanging rubber and can be mechanically broken, and therefore the tire body and the tire bead need to be broken respectively; secondly, designing two rollers which rotate relatively according to the working principle of a rubber open mill, wherein synchronous hobs are additionally arranged on the roller surfaces of a driving roller and a driven roller, the cutting edges of the synchronous hobs of the two rollers are staggered in pairs to form a pair of shearing edges which rotate relatively, the width of the tire body slitting is adjusted by a check ring between the synchronous hobs, and the meshing distance of the synchronous hobs on the two rollers which rotate relatively is finely adjusted by a roller distance adjusting hand wheel, so that the slitting is finished under the shearing and extruding action on the long rectangular plate of the tire body; thirdly, the workshop for processing the waste heavy duty tire casings generally has dust pollution and is a main factor of occupational disease hazards, the automatic finishing of the waste heavy duty tire casings avoids manual operation, the body health of operators is protected, the labor intensity of the operators is reduced, and automatic production is realized.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a tire body cutting system of a waste heavy-duty tire and outer tire crushing robot of the invention in a front view.
Fig. 2 is a schematic top view structure diagram of the waste heavy-duty tire casing crushing robot tire body dicing system of the invention.
3 fig. 3 3 3 is 3 a 3 schematic 3 diagram 3 of 3 a 3 section 3 a 3- 3 a 3 arrangement 3 and 3 a 3 station 3 structure 3 of 3 the 3 waste 3 heavy 3- 3 duty 3 tire 3 casing 3 crushing 3 robot 3 tire 3 body 3 dicing 3 system 3 of 3 the 3 present 3 invention 3. 3
Fig. 4 is a structural schematic diagram of a big sample B of the waste heavy-duty tire casing crushing robot tyre body dicing system.
Fig. 5 is a schematic diagram of a partial enlarged arrangement structure C of the tire body cutting system of the waste heavy-duty tire and outer tire crushing robot.
FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of a D-D section arrangement and a second station structure of the waste heavy-duty tire casing crushing robot tire body dicing system of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a schematic diagram of a partial enlarged structure E of the tire body cutting system of the waste heavy-duty tire and outer tire crushing robot of the invention.
Fig. 8 is a schematic diagram of a partial enlarged structure F of the tire body dicing system of the waste heavy-duty tire outer tire crushing robot of the invention.
FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram of a G-G section arrangement structure of the waste heavy-duty tire casing crushing robot tire body dicing system.
Fig. 10 is a schematic diagram of a partial enlarged structure of a tire body cutting system of the waste heavy-duty tire and outer tire crushing robot of the invention.
Fig. 11 is a schematic structural diagram of the tire body cutting system of the waste heavy-duty tire and outer tire crushing robot in the direction of direction I.
I-turnover track trolley II-carcass strip-robbing roller machine III-gate-type carcass cutting machine IV-three-jaw power chuck workbench V-boring-cutting feed box VI-carcass slitting machine VII-carcass dicer
1-collecting clamping roller component 2-track trolley 3-bow-shaped chain roller rubbing mill 4-beam
5-portal frame 6-hydraulic spindle feeding box 7-wedge tooth pressing strip roller assembly
8-strip grabbing roller 9-strip laying roller 10-driving roller 11-driven roller
12-driving roller 13-driven roller 14-synchronous hobbing cutter 15-retainer ring
16-roller distance-adjusting hand wheel 17-speed ratio gear pair 18-chute 19-upper crank
20-lower crank 21-upper tool holder 22-lower tool holder.
Detailed Description
The invention is further described with reference to the following detailed description of embodiments and drawings.
As shown in fig. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11, the waste heavy-duty tire casing breaking robot carcass dicing system is characterized in that: the device comprises a turnover track trolley I, a tire body strip grabbing roller machine II, a door type tire body cutting machine III, a three-jaw power chuck workbench IV, a boring and cutting feed box V, a tire body strip cutting machine VI and a tire body block cutting machine VII.
The turnover track trolley I comprises a collecting and clamping roller assembly 1, a track trolley 2 and an arched chain roller rubbing and grinding machine 3, the turnover track trolley I linearly reciprocates along a track, the track is provided with two stations, the distance between the two stations is equal to the distance between the collecting and clamping roller assembly 1 arranged on the turnover track trolley I and a machining center of the arched chain roller rubbing and grinding machine 3, the turnover track trolley I is positioned at the first station, the collecting and clamping roller assembly 1 enters a first station from the second station to finish vertical positioning of waste tires conveyed by a roller sorting carriage, the arched chain roller rubbing and grinding machine 3 enters the second station, at the moment, a tire bead after a three-claw power chuck working table IV clamps and separates a tire body is fed into the arched chain roller rubbing and grinding machine 3 step by step and section by section to be ground, and a boring and cutting feed box V is positioned at a standby station; when the turnover track trolley I is positioned at a station II, the collecting and clamping roller assembly 1 clamps the waste tires and returns to the station II from the station I, the three-jaw power chuck workbench IV starts to work to clamp and position the waste tires, the door type tire body cutting machine III works to cut off the tire bodies in sequence, the boring and cutting feed box V feeds in sequence to cut and separate the tire beads and the tire bodies, the tire bodies are rolled flatly on the strip grabbing roller machine II in sequence, and the bow-shaped chain roller rubbing and grinding machine 3 exits from the station II to stand by.
A portal frame 5, a cross beam 4 and a hydraulic spindle feeding box 6 are designed in the portal carcass cutting machine III according to the working principle of a portal milling machine, the cross beam 4 is installed on the portal frame 5 to move up and down, and the hydraulic spindle feeding box 6 moves transversely along a guide rail of the cross beam 4 and drives a cutter to complete radial feeding movement from a tread to an axial center.
The tire body strip grabbing roller machine II comprises a wedge tooth pressing strip roller assembly 7, a strip grabbing roller 8, a strip laying row roller 9, an active roller 10 and a passive roller 11, the tire body strip grabbing roller machine II can be divided into an upper jaw and a lower jaw, the upper jaw comprises the wedge tooth pressing strip roller assembly 7, the strip laying row roller 9 and the active roller 10, the lower jaw comprises the strip grabbing roller 8 and the passive roller 11, and the upper jaw and the lower jaw of the tire body strip grabbing roller machine II are matched to tile a notch tire body ring into regular strip rectangular sheets and are completely separated from a tire bead.
The carcass slitter VI comprises an active roller 12, a passive roller 13, synchronous hobs 14, check rings 15, a roller distance adjusting hand wheel 16 and a speed ratio gear pair 17, a carcass strip rectangular sheet is conveyed to the carcass slitter VI under the help of the active roller 10 and the passive roller 11, in order to enable the carcass slitter VI to be consistent with the velocity of a carcass strip grabbing roller II, continuous production can be realized, the carcass slitter VI designs two rollers which rotate relatively according to the working principle of a rubber open mill, the roller surfaces of the active roller 12 and the passive roller 13 are respectively provided with the synchronous hobs 14, the cutting edges of the synchronous hobs 14 of the two rollers are staggered in pairs to form a pair of shearing edges which rotate relatively, the width of the carcass strip is adjusted by the check rings 15 between the synchronous hobs 14, the meshing distance of the synchronous hobs 14 on the two rollers which rotate relatively is finely adjusted by the roller distance adjusting hand wheel 16, so that the shearing edges of the carcass strip rectangular sheet are generated, And (3) finishing slitting by extrusion, and adjusting the linear speed difference of the synchronous hobs 14 on the two roller surfaces to be 1.5-1.8: 1 by a speed ratio gear pair 17 in order to improve the shearing force of the synchronous hobs 14 on the roller surfaces of the driving roller 12 and the driven roller 13 to the long rectangular plate of the tire body.
The tyre body block cutting machine VII comprises a chute 18, an upper crank 19, a lower crank 20, an upper tool rest 21 and a lower tool rest 22, a long strip rectangular plate of the tyre body enters the chute 18 after being cut into a long strip with the width of 3-4 cm by the tyre body block cutting machine VI, a partition plate with the same width as the retainer ring 15 is designed in the chute 18 and used for arranging the long strip of the tyre body, the tyre body block cutting machine VII is designed according to the working principle of a flying shear machine, the upper crank 19 and the lower crank 20 are designed on the tyre body block cutting machine, the upper tool rest 21 and the lower tool rest 22 are installed on the cutting stations of the upper crank 19 and the lower crank 20, the upper crank 19 and the lower crank 20 rotate relatively for a circle, and the upper tool rest 21 and the lower tool.
Variations and modifications to the above-described embodiments may occur to those skilled in the art, which fall within the scope and spirit of the above description. Therefore, the present invention is not limited to the specific embodiments disclosed and described above, and some modifications and variations of the present invention should fall within the scope of the claims of the present invention. Furthermore, although specific terms are employed herein, they are used in a generic and descriptive sense only and not for purposes of limitation.

Claims (3)

1. Old and useless heavy duty tire cover tire crushing robot child body stripping and slicing system, characterized by: the device comprises an epicyclic track trolley, a carcass strip robbing roller machine, a gate type carcass cutting machine, a three-jaw power chuck workbench, a boring and cutting feed box, a carcass slitting machine and a carcass dicer; the turnover track trolley comprises a collecting and clamping roller assembly, a track trolley and an arch chain roller rubbing and grinding machine, a portal carcass cutting machine is designed with a portal frame, a cross beam and a hydraulic main shaft feeding box according to the working principle of a portal milling machine, the cross beam is arranged on the portal frame to move up and down, and the hydraulic main shaft feeding box moves transversely along a cross beam guide rail and drives a cutter to complete radial feeding movement from a tread to an axial center; the carcass strip grabbing roller machine comprises a wedge tooth pressing strip roller assembly, a strip grabbing roller, a strip laying row roller, a driving roller and a driven roller, the carcass strip grabbing roller machine can be divided into an upper jaw and a lower jaw, the upper jaw comprises the wedge tooth pressing strip roller assembly, the strip laying row roller and the driving roller, the lower jaw comprises the strip grabbing roller and the driven roller, and the upper jaw and the lower jaw of the carcass strip grabbing roller machine are matched to tile a gap carcass ring into regular long rectangular sheets and are completely separated from the tire bead; the carcass slitter comprises a driving roller, a driven roller, a synchronous hob, a check ring, a roller distance adjusting hand wheel and a speed ratio gear pair; the matrix slabbing machine includes the chute, go up the crank, lower crank, the top rest, the lower tool rest, the rectangular rectangle slab of matrix gets into the chute after the long-strip that becomes 3 ~ 4cm wide is cuted to the matrix slitter, the baffle that is designed with the same width of retaining ring in the chute is used for arranging the matrix is rectangular, design matrix slabbing machine according to flying shear's theory of operation, matrix slabbing machine design has top crank and lower crank, top rest and lower tool rest are installed to top crank and lower articulate shearing station, top crank and lower crank revolve a week relatively, shear and reciprocating translation motion about the completion of drive top rest and lower tool rest.
2. The waste heavy-duty tire casing crushing robot tire body dicing system according to claim 1, characterized in that: the turnover track trolley moves back and forth along the track in a straight line, the track is provided with two stations in total, the distance between the two stations is equal to the distance between a collecting and clamping roller assembly arranged on the turnover track trolley and the processing center of the bow-shaped chain roller rubbing and grinding machine, when the turnover track trolley is in the first station, the collecting and clamping roller assembly is fed from the second station to the first station to finish vertical positioning of the waste tire conveyed by the roller sorting carriage, the bow-shaped chain roller rubbing and grinding machine is fed to the second station, at the moment, the tire bead after clamping and separating the tire body by the three-jaw power chuck worktable is fed into the bow-shaped chain roller rubbing and grinding machine step by step and crushed, and the boring feeding box is in the standby station; when the turnover track trolley is positioned at a station II, the collecting clamping roller assembly clamps the waste tires and returns to the station II from the station I, the three-jaw power chuck workbench starts to work to clamp and position the waste tires, the door type tire body cutting machine works to cut off the tire body in sequence, the boring and cutting feeding box feeds the tire bead and the tire body in sequence to cut and separate, the tire body is rolled smoothly on the strip grabbing roller machine in sequence, and the bow-shaped chain roller rubbing and grinding machine exits from the station II to stand by.
3. The waste heavy-duty tire casing crushing robot tire body dicing system according to claim 1, characterized in that: the carcass strip rectangular plate is conveyed to the carcass slitter with the help of the driving roller and the driven roller, in order to ensure that the carcass slitter and the carcass strip grabbing roller have the same speed and can continuously produce, the carcass slitter designs two rollers which rotate relatively according to the working principle of a rubber open mill, the roller surfaces of the driving roller and the driven roller are respectively provided with a synchronous hob, the cutting edges of the synchronous hobs of the two rollers are staggered in pairs to form a pair of oppositely rotating shear edges, the width of carcass slitting is adjusted by a check ring between the synchronous hobs, the meshing distance of synchronous hobs on two oppositely rotating rollers is finely adjusted by a roller distance adjusting hand wheel, thereby completing slitting under the shearing and extruding action on the long rectangular slab of the carcass, in order to improve the shearing force of the synchronous hobs on the roll surfaces of the driving roller and the driven roller on the long rectangular slab of the carcass, the linear speed difference of the synchronous hobs on the two roll surfaces is adjusted to be 1.5-1.8: 1 through the speed ratio gear pair.
CN202010110122.1A 2020-02-23 2020-02-23 Waste heavy-duty tire cover tire crushing robot tire body cutting system Withdrawn CN111168881A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010110122.1A CN111168881A (en) 2020-02-23 2020-02-23 Waste heavy-duty tire cover tire crushing robot tire body cutting system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010110122.1A CN111168881A (en) 2020-02-23 2020-02-23 Waste heavy-duty tire cover tire crushing robot tire body cutting system

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201455413U (en) * 2009-07-10 2010-05-12 张立升 Rotary type flying shear
CN101722592A (en) * 2008-10-30 2010-06-09 张海兵 Waste tyre splitting machine
CN103317540A (en) * 2013-06-19 2013-09-25 大连宝锋机器制造有限公司 Tyre dicing machine
CN103962200A (en) * 2014-05-22 2014-08-06 青岛科技大学 Rubber crusher and rubber crushing method
CN110202714A (en) * 2019-04-29 2019-09-06 广东隽诺环保科技股份有限公司 A kind of tire automatic processing equipment

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101722592A (en) * 2008-10-30 2010-06-09 张海兵 Waste tyre splitting machine
CN201455413U (en) * 2009-07-10 2010-05-12 张立升 Rotary type flying shear
CN103317540A (en) * 2013-06-19 2013-09-25 大连宝锋机器制造有限公司 Tyre dicing machine
CN103962200A (en) * 2014-05-22 2014-08-06 青岛科技大学 Rubber crusher and rubber crushing method
CN110202714A (en) * 2019-04-29 2019-09-06 广东隽诺环保科技股份有限公司 A kind of tire automatic processing equipment

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