CN111129981A - Dampproofing dust removal combination formula switch board - Google Patents

Dampproofing dust removal combination formula switch board Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111129981A
CN111129981A CN202010077335.9A CN202010077335A CN111129981A CN 111129981 A CN111129981 A CN 111129981A CN 202010077335 A CN202010077335 A CN 202010077335A CN 111129981 A CN111129981 A CN 111129981A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
dust
power distribution
distribution cabinet
moisture
fan
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Granted
Application number
CN202010077335.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111129981B (en
Inventor
徐秀荣
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LAIWU WANTONG ELECTRIC APPLIANCE Co.,Ltd.
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徐秀荣
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Priority to CN202010077335.9A priority Critical patent/CN111129981B/en
Publication of CN111129981A publication Critical patent/CN111129981A/en
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Publication of CN111129981B publication Critical patent/CN111129981B/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02BBOARDS, SUBSTATIONS OR SWITCHING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SUPPLY OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02B1/00Frameworks, boards, panels, desks, casings; Details of substations or switching arrangements
    • H02B1/26Casings; Parts thereof or accessories therefor
    • H02B1/46Boxes; Parts thereof or accessories therefor
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02BBOARDS, SUBSTATIONS OR SWITCHING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SUPPLY OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02B1/00Frameworks, boards, panels, desks, casings; Details of substations or switching arrangements
    • H02B1/26Casings; Parts thereof or accessories therefor
    • H02B1/28Casings; Parts thereof or accessories therefor dustproof, splashproof, drip-proof, waterproof or flameproof
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02BBOARDS, SUBSTATIONS OR SWITCHING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SUPPLY OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02B1/00Frameworks, boards, panels, desks, casings; Details of substations or switching arrangements
    • H02B1/26Casings; Parts thereof or accessories therefor
    • H02B1/30Cabinet-type casings; Parts thereof or accessories therefor
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02BBOARDS, SUBSTATIONS OR SWITCHING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SUPPLY OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02B1/00Frameworks, boards, panels, desks, casings; Details of substations or switching arrangements
    • H02B1/26Casings; Parts thereof or accessories therefor
    • H02B1/30Cabinet-type casings; Parts thereof or accessories therefor
    • H02B1/32Mounting of devices therein
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02BBOARDS, SUBSTATIONS OR SWITCHING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SUPPLY OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02B1/00Frameworks, boards, panels, desks, casings; Details of substations or switching arrangements
    • H02B1/26Casings; Parts thereof or accessories therefor
    • H02B1/46Boxes; Parts thereof or accessories therefor
    • H02B1/48Mounting of devices therein
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02BBOARDS, SUBSTATIONS OR SWITCHING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SUPPLY OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02B1/00Frameworks, boards, panels, desks, casings; Details of substations or switching arrangements
    • H02B1/56Cooling; Ventilation
    • H02B1/565Cooling; Ventilation for cabinets
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/34Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering
    • H02J7/35Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering with light sensitive cells
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S10/00PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for the generation of electric power
    • H02S10/10PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for the generation of electric power including a supplementary source of electric power, e.g. hybrid diesel-PV energy systems
    • H02S10/12Hybrid wind-PV energy systems
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/14Extreme weather resilient electric power supply systems, e.g. strengthening power lines or underground power cables
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/76Power conversion electric or electronic aspects

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Power Engineering (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Sustainable Development (AREA)
  • Sustainable Energy (AREA)
  • Cooling Or The Like Of Electrical Apparatus (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a moisture-proof dust-removing combined power distribution cabinet, which comprises: the main box mechanism is internally provided with a master controller, the master controller controls equipment to automatically work according to a set program, and the wind power generation mechanism and the solar mechanism charge a battery to generate electric energy and protect the environment; all parts of the dust blowing part work coordinately to enable the dust removing fan to blow up dust on electrical components in the positive power distribution cabinet and the side power distribution cabinet, and the dust is sucked away by the dust collecting fan; workers regularly open the moisture absorption drawer and put the moisture absorption drawer into the active carbon, so that moisture can be absorbed, and moisture can be effectively prevented; form through air inlet fan, radiator fan and dust absorption fan cooperation work and ventilate and then dispel the heat and remove dust, improved switch board life, reduced the loss of switch board inner member, avoided the danger that manual operation removed dust, realized the automation of switch board dampproofing, remove dust and dispel the heat.

Description

Dampproofing dust removal combination formula switch board
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of power equipment and power distribution cabinets, in particular to a moisture-proof and dust-removing combined power distribution cabinet.
Background
In the life of society now, along with the increase of people's power consumption, the block terminal is because the heat dissipation problem makes the electrical components of inside often burn out and often need the workman to change, and the cost is high and dangerous, often because electrician can not catch up with in time to handle the problem and cause very big loss, the block terminal electrician also gets an electric shock more easily when the maintenance. In some south areas, the service life of the power distribution cabinet is extremely easy to reduce due to a humid environment, and the outdoor power distribution cabinet is extremely easy to accumulate dust to cause damage to electric appliance elements.
For the maintenance of the power distribution cabinet, regular and effective maintenance is needed, the labor intensity of maintenance personnel in a certain period of time can be reduced, the operation cost and the maintenance cost can be effectively reduced, and the inconvenience brought to users by power failure can be reduced.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the problems, the invention provides a moisture-proof and dust-removal combined power distribution cabinet, which aims to solve the problem that the power distribution cabinet is damaged due to dust accumulation and moisture-proof performance of the traditional power distribution cabinet, so that inconvenience is brought to production and life of people.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows: the utility model provides a dampproofing dust removal combination switch board, includes: the device comprises a main box body mechanism, a dust removing mechanism, a wind power generation mechanism and a solar mechanism;
the main box body mechanism comprises: the device comprises a box body, a front power distribution cabinet, a side power distribution cabinet, a moisture-proof placing box and a moisture absorption drawer;
the dust removal mechanism comprises: the dust removing device comprises a slide rail fixing rod, a dust removing slide rail, a slide block and a dust blowing part;
the front surface of the box body is provided with a positive power distribution cabinet, and the side surface of the box body is provided with a side power distribution cabinet; the lower end of a fixed rod of the moisture-proof placing box is fixedly arranged in the middle of the upper end surface of the bottom plate of the box body; the moisture absorption drawer is slidably arranged in the moisture-proof placing box; one end of the slide rail fixing rod is fixedly connected with the end part of the dust removal slide rail, and the other end of the slide rail fixing rod is fixedly connected with the inner side surface of the front panel of the side power distribution cabinet; the sliding block is slidably arranged on the dust removal sliding rail; the dust blowing part is fixedly arranged on the sliding block; the wind power generation mechanism is fixedly arranged on the upper end surface of the top plate of the box body; the solar mechanism is fixedly arranged on the upper end surface of the top plate of the box body.
Preferably, the main box mechanism further comprises:
the dust collector comprises a main door, a side door, a battery, a ventilation pipe, a dust collecting fan, an air inlet fan, a heat dissipation motor and a heat dissipation fan, wherein the main door is rotatably connected with a main power distribution cabinet through a hinge; the side door is rotatably connected with the side power distribution cabinet through a hinge; the battery is placed in the placing groove on the rear end face of the box body; a ventilation pipe is arranged in the box body at the rear position; dust absorption fans are arranged on the upper end faces of the positive power distribution cabinet and the side power distribution cabinet; the air inlet fan is arranged on the upper panel of the ventilation pipe; the heat dissipation motor is fixedly installed in the groove in the middle of the moisture-proof placement box, and a motor shaft of the heat dissipation motor is fixedly connected with the heat dissipation fan.
Preferably, the dust removing mechanism further comprises:
the dust removing device comprises a dust removing motor and a dust blowing part, wherein the dust removing motor is fixedly arranged at one end of a dust removing slide rail, a motor shaft of the dust removing motor is fixedly connected with a rotating shaft in the dust removing slide rail, and the rotating shaft in the dust removing slide rail is in threaded connection with a threaded hole of a slide block; the dust blowing part is fixedly arranged on the sliding block.
Preferably, the wind power generation mechanism includes:
the lower end of the fixed rod penetrates through the round hole to be fixedly connected with the upper end face of the top plate of the box body, and the upper end of the fixed rod is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft; the upper end of the rotating shaft is fixedly connected with the lower end face of the generator; the rear end of the rotating shaft of the fairing is rotationally connected with the front end of the generator; the bottom end of the fan blade is fixedly arranged on the outer side of the fairing.
Preferably, the solar energy mechanism comprises:
the solar energy storage box comprises a support rod, a round hole, a solar panel and a ventilation opening, wherein the lower end of the support rod is fixedly arranged on the upper end surface of a top plate of the box body, and the upper end of the support rod is fixedly connected with the lower end surface of the solar panel; the solar panel is provided with a round hole, and the front end face and the rear end face of the solar panel are provided with ventilation openings.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. when the device is used, the device is placed outdoors, and under the condition of wind, the fan blades of the wind power generation mechanism rotate to drive the generator to generate power so as to charge the battery; under the condition of sunlight, the solar panel of the solar mechanism is irradiated by the sun to generate current to charge the battery, so that electric energy is provided for equipment, the environment is protected, and energy can be provided for the equipment under different environmental conditions;
2. when dust removal is needed, image information is collected through the camera and transmitted to the master controller in real time, so that electric elements are prevented from being damaged during dust removal, the dust removal motor drives the inner rotating shaft of the dust removal sliding rail to rotate, so that the sliding block is driven to slide, and the dust blowing part is driven to move in the positive power distribution cabinet and the side power distribution cabinet for dust removal;
3. workers regularly open the moisture absorption drawer to put the active carbon into the moisture absorption drawer and push the moisture absorption drawer to the lower part of the moisture-proof placing box, so that moisture can be conveniently absorbed from a gap of the moisture-proof placing box, and moisture can be effectively prevented; wind is guided into the power distribution cabinet from the ventilation pipe through the air inlet fan, thereby the air brought into the power distribution cabinet by the air inlet fan is driven by the heat dissipation motor to rotate, thereby the air brought into the power distribution cabinet is rapidly incited to cool the internal elements of the power distribution cabinet, the wind in the power distribution cabinet is dissipated by the dust absorption fan to form ventilation, heat dissipation and dust removal, the service life of the power distribution cabinet is prolonged, the loss of the internal elements of the power distribution cabinet is reduced, the danger of manual operation dust removal and element replacement is avoided, and the automation moisture prevention, dust removal and heat dissipation of the power.
Drawings
Fig. 1, fig. 2, fig. 3 and fig. 4 are schematic overall structural diagrams of the present invention.
Fig. 5, 6, 7 and 8 are schematic structural views of the main box mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 9 and 10 are schematic structural views of the dust removing mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 11 is a schematic structural view of a wind turbine generator according to the present invention.
Fig. 12 and 13 are schematic structural views of the solar mechanism of the present invention.
Reference numerals:
1-a main box mechanism; 2-a dust removal mechanism; 3, a wind power generation mechanism; 4-a solar mechanism; 101-a box body; 102-a positive power distribution cabinet; 103-side power distribution cabinet; 104-a positive gate; 105-side door; 106-moisture proof holding box; 107-moisture absorption drawer; 108-a battery; 109-vent pipe; 110-a dust extraction fan; 111-air intake fan; 112-a heat dissipating motor; 113-a radiator fan; 201-slide rail fixing rod; 202-dust removal slide rail; 203-a dust removal motor; 204-a slide block; 205-rotational shutdown a; 206-revolute joint b; 207-telescoping sleeve; 208-revolute joint c; 209-fan fixing seat; 210-a camera; 211-a dust removal fan; 301-a fixation bar; 302-rotating shaft; 303-a generator; 304-a fairing; 305-fan blades; 401-support bars; 402-a circular hole; 403-solar panel; 404-a vent.
Detailed Description
The technical scheme of the invention is further specifically described by the following embodiments and the accompanying drawings. In the following description, numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide a thorough understanding of the present invention. This invention may, however, be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein, but rather should be construed as broadly as the present invention is capable of modification in various respects, all without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral connection; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
In the description of the present invention, it should be further noted that the terms "upper", "lower", "front", "back", "left", "right", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings or orientations or positional relationships that are conventionally placed when the products of the present invention are used, and are used for convenience of description and simplicity of description only, and do not indicate or imply that the devices or elements indicated must have a specific orientation, be constructed in a specific orientation, and be operated, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
Embodiment is shown in fig. 1-13, a dampproofing dust removal combination switch board, includes: the device comprises a main box mechanism 1, a dust removal mechanism 2, a wind power generation mechanism 3 and a solar mechanism 4;
the main casing mechanism 1 includes: the device comprises a box body 101, a front power distribution cabinet 102, a side power distribution cabinet 103, a moisture-proof placing box 106 and a moisture absorption drawer 107; a master controller is arranged in the main box mechanism 1, and the master controller can control a motor, a fan, a telescopic sleeve and a rotary joint in the equipment to automatically work according to a set program;
the dust removal mechanism 2 includes: a slide rail fixing rod 201, a dust removal slide rail 202, a slide block 204 and a dust blowing part;
the front surface of the box body 101 is provided with a positive power distribution cabinet 102, the side surface of the box body 101 is provided with a side power distribution cabinet 103, specifically, the positive power distribution cabinet 102 and the side power distribution cabinet 103 are common power distribution cabinets, and the interiors of the positive power distribution cabinet 102 and the side power distribution cabinet 103 are communicated with each other; the lower end of a fixing rod 301 of the moisture-proof placing box 106 is fixedly arranged in the middle of the upper end face of the bottom plate of the box body 101, and a larger gap is arranged below the moisture-proof placing box 106 so as to facilitate moisture absorption; the moisture absorption drawer 107 is slidably arranged in the moisture-proof placing box 106, activated carbon is placed inside the moisture absorption drawer 107, and the side plates of the moisture absorption drawer 107 are low in weight and convenient to absorb moisture; one end of the slide rail fixing rod 201 is fixedly connected with the end part of the dust removal slide rail 202, and the other end of the slide rail fixing rod 201 is fixedly connected with the inner side surface of the front panel of the side power distribution cabinet 103; the sliding block 204 is slidably mounted on the dust removal sliding rail 202; the dust blowing part is fixedly arranged on the sliding block 204, and dust in the power distribution cabinet is blown away through the dust blowing part; the wind power generation mechanism 3 is fixedly arranged on the upper end face of the top plate of the box body 101, and specifically, the battery 108 is charged through the wind power generation mechanism 3; the solar mechanism 4 is fixedly installed on the upper end face of the top plate of the box body 101, and specifically, the battery 108 is charged through the solar mechanism 4.
In an alternative embodiment of the present invention, as shown in fig. 5, 6, 7, and 8, the main box structure 1 further includes:
the front door 104 and the front power distribution cabinet 102 are rotatably connected through hinges to the front door 104, glass is arranged on the front door 104, and the interior of the front power distribution cabinet 102 can be seen through the glass, so that workers can conveniently check the interior of the front power distribution cabinet 102; the side door 105 is rotatably connected with the side power distribution cabinet 103 through a hinge, glass is arranged on the side door 105, and the interior of the side power distribution cabinet 103 can be seen through the glass so as to facilitate the examination of workers; the battery 108 is placed in a placing groove on the rear end face of the box body 101, and specifically, part of electric elements of the power distribution cabinet are powered by the battery 108; a ventilation pipe 109 is arranged at the rear position inside the box body 101; dust collection fans 110 are mounted on the upper end faces of the positive power distribution cabinet 102 and the side power distribution cabinet 103, and specifically, dust blown by the dust collection mechanism is sucked out of the cabinet body through the dust collection fans 110; the air inlet fan 111 is arranged on the upper panel of the ventilation pipe 109, air is poured into the power distribution cabinet from the ventilation pipe 109 through the air inlet fan 111, and then the air is blown out from the dust collection fan 110 to form ventilation so as to dissipate heat and remove dust; the heat dissipation motor 112 is fixedly installed in the groove in the middle of the moisture-proof placing box 106, a motor shaft of the heat dissipation motor 112 is fixedly connected with the heat dissipation fan 113, and the heat dissipation motor 112 drives the heat dissipation fan 113 to rotate, so that the wind brought by the air inlet fan 111 is rapidly flaked, and the temperature of the internal elements of the power distribution cabinet is reduced.
In an alternative embodiment of the present invention, as shown in fig. 9 and 10, the dust removing mechanism 2 further includes:
the dust removing device comprises a dust removing motor 203 and a dust blowing part, wherein the dust removing motor 203 is fixedly arranged at one end of a dust removing slide rail 202, a motor shaft of the dust removing motor 203 is fixedly connected with an inner rotating shaft of the dust removing slide rail 202, the inner rotating shaft of the dust removing slide rail 202 is in threaded connection with a threaded hole of a sliding block 204, and specifically, when dust removal is needed, the inner rotating shaft of the dust removing slide rail 202 is driven to rotate by the dust removing motor 203 so as to drive the sliding block 204 to slide and further drive the dust blowing part to move for dust removal in the;
the dust blowing part comprises: the device comprises a rotary shutdown a205, a rotary joint b206, a telescopic sleeve 207, a rotary joint c208, a fan fixing seat 209, a camera 210 and a dust removal fan 211, wherein a fixed part of the rotary shutdown a205 is fixedly arranged on a sliding block 204, a rotary part of the rotary shutdown a205 is fixedly connected with a fixed part of the rotary joint b206, the rotary joint b206 is driven to rotate by the rotary shutdown a205, and the telescopic sleeve 207 is driven to rotate by the rotary joint b 206; the bottom end of the telescopic sleeve 207 is fixedly connected with the rotating part of the rotating joint b206, the telescopic rod end of the telescopic sleeve 207 is fixedly connected with the fixing part of the rotating joint c208, and the rotating joint c208 is driven to move by the telescopic sleeve 207; the rotating part of the rotating joint c208 is fixedly connected with the fan fixing seat 209, and the fan fixing seat 209 is driven to rotate through the rotating joint c 208; the camera 210 is fixedly installed on the front end face of the fan fixing seat 209, and specifically, during dust removal, image information is collected through the camera 210 and transmitted to the master controller in real time, so that electric elements are prevented from being damaged during dust removal; the dust removing fan 211 is fixedly installed on the upper end surface of the fan fixing base 209, and the dust removing fan 211 is a powerful blower and blows up dust on the electrical components through the dust removing fan 211.
In an alternative embodiment of the present invention, as shown in fig. 11, the wind power generation mechanism 3 includes:
the lower end of the fixing rod 301 penetrates through a round hole 402 to be fixedly connected with the upper end face of the top plate of the box body 101, and the upper end of the fixing rod 301 is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft 302; the upper end of the rotating shaft 302 is fixedly connected with the lower end face of the generator 303; the rear end of the rotating shaft of the fairing 304 is rotatably connected with the front end of the generator 303; the bottom end of the fan blade 305 is fixedly installed on the outer side of the fairing 304, and in case of wind, the fan blade 305 rotates to drive the generator 303 to generate electricity so as to charge the battery 108.
In an alternative implementation of the embodiment of the present invention, as shown in fig. 12 and 13, the solar mechanism 4 includes:
the solar energy storage box comprises a support rod 401, a circular hole 402, a solar panel 403 and a ventilation opening 404, wherein the lower end of the support rod 401 is fixedly installed on the upper end face of the top plate of the box body 101, and the upper end of the support rod 401 is fixedly connected with the lower end face of the solar panel 403; be equipped with round hole 402 on solar panel 403, vent 404 is installed to solar panel 403's preceding terminal surface and rear end face, and under the condition that has sunshine, shine solar panel 403 through the sun and produce the electric current and charge for battery 108, keep off the rain for box 101 through solar panel 403 when raining, thereby ventilate through vent 404 and make things convenient for the circulation of air in the switch board.
The working principle is as follows:
when the device is used, the device is placed outdoors, and under the condition of wind, the fan blade 305 of the wind power generation mechanism 3 rotates to drive the generator 303 to generate power so as to charge the battery 108; under the condition of sunlight, the solar panel 403 of the solar mechanism 4 is irradiated by the sun to generate current to charge the battery 108, and electric energy is generated by clean energy to protect the environment; when raining, the box body 101 is shielded from rain by the solar panel 403; the ventilation is carried out through the ventilation opening 404, so that the air circulation in the power distribution cabinet is facilitated, the battery 108 supplies power to the motor, the fan, the telescopic sleeve, the rotary joint and the master controller of the equipment, and the master controller in the box body mechanism 1 controls the motor, the fan, the telescopic sleeve and the rotary joint in the equipment to automatically work according to a set program;
when dust removal is needed, image information is collected through the camera 210 and transmitted to the master controller in real time, so that electric elements are prevented from being damaged during dust removal, the dust removal motor 203 drives the inner rotating shaft of the dust removal sliding rail 202 to rotate, so that the sliding block 204 is driven to slide, so that the dust blowing part is driven to move in the positive power distribution cabinet 102 and the side power distribution cabinet 103 for dust removal, all parts of the mechanical arm of the dust blowing part work cooperatively, so that the dust removal fan 211 blows dust on the electric elements in the positive power distribution cabinet 102 and the side power distribution cabinet 103, and the dust is sucked away through the dust collection fan 110;
a worker regularly opens the moisture absorption drawer 107 to put the activated carbon into the moisture absorption drawer 107, and pushes the moisture absorption drawer 107 to the lower part of the moisture-proof placement box 106, so that moisture can be absorbed from the gap of the moisture-proof placement box 106 conveniently, and moisture can be effectively prevented;
wind is led into the power distribution cabinet from the ventilation pipe 109 through the air inlet fan 111, thereby it incites the cooling for the switch board internal element fast to drive the rotation of radiator fan 113 through radiator motor 112 so that the wind that brings air inlet fan 111 into incites somebody to action, wind effluence in with the switch board through dust absorption fan 110 forms the ventilation and then dispels the heat and remove the dust, switch board life has been improved, the loss of switch board internal element has been reduced, the danger of manual operation dust removal change element has been avoided, the automation of switch board is dampproofing, remove dust and heat dissipation have been realized.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a dampproofing dust removal combination formula switch board which characterized in that: the method comprises the following steps: the device comprises a main box mechanism (1), a dust removal mechanism (2), a wind power generation mechanism (3) and a solar mechanism (4);
the main box mechanism (1) comprises: the device comprises a box body (101), a positive power distribution cabinet (102), a side power distribution cabinet (103), a moisture-proof placing box (106) and a moisture absorption drawer (107);
the dust removal mechanism (2) comprises: the dust removing device comprises a slide rail fixing rod (201), a dust removing slide rail (202), a slide block (204) and a dust blowing part;
the front surface of the box body (101) is provided with a positive power distribution cabinet (102), and the side surface of the box body (101) is provided with a side power distribution cabinet (103); the lower end of a fixed rod of the moisture-proof placing box (106) is fixedly arranged in the middle of the upper end surface of the bottom plate of the box body (101); the moisture absorption drawer (107) is slidably arranged in the moisture-proof placing box (106); one end of the slide rail fixing rod (201) is fixedly connected with the end part of the dust removal slide rail (202), and the other end of the slide rail fixing rod (201) is fixedly connected with the inner side surface of the front panel of the side power distribution cabinet (103); the sliding block (204) is slidably arranged on the dust removal sliding rail (202); the dust blowing part is fixedly arranged on the sliding block (204); the wind power generation mechanism (3) is fixedly arranged on the upper end surface of the top plate of the box body (101); the solar mechanism (4) is fixedly arranged on the upper end face of the top plate of the box body (101).
2. The moisture-proof and dust-removing combined power distribution cabinet according to claim 1, characterized in that: the main box mechanism (1) further comprises:
the dust collector comprises a main door (104), a side door (105), a battery (108), a ventilation pipe (109), a dust collection fan (110), an air inlet fan (111), a heat dissipation motor (112) and a heat dissipation fan (113), wherein the main door (104) is rotatably connected with a main power distribution cabinet (102) through a hinge; the side door (105) is rotatably connected with the side power distribution cabinet (103) through a hinge; the battery (108) is placed in the placing groove on the rear end face of the box body (101); a ventilation pipe (109) is arranged at the rear position inside the box body (101); dust collection fans (110) are arranged on the upper end faces of the positive power distribution cabinet (102) and the side power distribution cabinet (103); the air inlet fan (111) is arranged on the upper panel of the ventilation pipe (109); the heat dissipation motor (112) is fixedly arranged in a groove in the middle of the moisture-proof placing box (106), and a motor shaft of the heat dissipation motor (112) is fixedly connected with the heat dissipation fan (113).
3. The moisture-proof and dust-removing combined power distribution cabinet according to claim 1, characterized in that: the dust removal mechanism (2) further comprises:
the dust removing device comprises a dust removing motor (203) and a dust blowing part, wherein the dust removing motor (203) is fixedly arranged at one end of a dust removing sliding rail (202), a motor shaft of the dust removing motor (203) is fixedly connected with an internal rotating shaft of the dust removing sliding rail (202), and the internal rotating shaft of the dust removing sliding rail (202) is in threaded connection with a threaded hole of a sliding block (204); the dust blowing part is fixedly arranged on the sliding block (204).
4. The moisture-proof and dust-removing combined power distribution cabinet according to claim 1, characterized in that: the wind power generation mechanism (3) comprises:
the wind power generation device comprises a fixing rod (301), a rotating shaft (302), a generator (303), a fairing (304) and fan blades (305), wherein the lower end of the fixing rod (301) penetrates through a round hole (402) to be fixedly connected with the upper end face of a top plate of a box body (101), and the upper end of the fixing rod (301) is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft (302); the upper end of the rotating shaft (302) is fixedly connected with the lower end face of the generator (303); the rear end of the rotating shaft of the fairing (304) is rotationally connected with the front end of the generator (303); the bottom end of the fan blade (305) is fixedly arranged on the outer side of the fairing (304).
5. The moisture-proof and dust-removing combined power distribution cabinet according to claim 1, characterized in that: the solar energy mechanism (4) comprises:
the solar energy storage box comprises supporting rods (401), round holes (402), a solar panel (403) and a ventilation opening (404), wherein the lower ends of the supporting rods (401) are fixedly mounted on the upper end face of a top plate of the box body (101), and the upper ends of the supporting rods (401) are fixedly connected with the lower end face of the solar panel (403); a round hole (402) is arranged on the solar panel (403), and ventilation openings (404) are arranged on the front end face and the rear end face of the solar panel (403).
6. The moisture-proof and dust-removing combined power distribution cabinet according to claim 1, characterized in that: the main box mechanism (1) is internally provided with a master controller, and the master controller can control the mechanism in the equipment to automatically work according to a set program.
CN202010077335.9A 2020-01-28 2020-01-28 Dampproofing dust removal combination formula switch board Active CN111129981B (en)

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CN112490911A (en) * 2020-12-14 2021-03-12 孔祥富 Energy-saving heat dissipation type high-voltage board
CN112871872A (en) * 2021-01-18 2021-06-01 南京丰焕家具有限公司 Power distribution box ash removal device based on new energy wind power driving
CN113097905A (en) * 2021-04-30 2021-07-09 吴清玉 Dampproofing protection against insects switch board convenient to heat dissipation

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