CN111037877A - Waste plastic recovery equipment - Google Patents

Waste plastic recovery equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111037877A
CN111037877A CN201911182378.7A CN201911182378A CN111037877A CN 111037877 A CN111037877 A CN 111037877A CN 201911182378 A CN201911182378 A CN 201911182378A CN 111037877 A CN111037877 A CN 111037877A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shaft
conveying cylinder
crushing
bevel gear
ring
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201911182378.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赖江耀
唐正艳
何佳遥
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hangzhou Lyuyi Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
Original Assignee
Hangzhou Lyuyi Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hangzhou Lyuyi Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd filed Critical Hangzhou Lyuyi Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
Priority to CN201911182378.7A priority Critical patent/CN111037877A/en
Publication of CN111037877A publication Critical patent/CN111037877A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C48/00Extrusion moulding, i.e. expressing the moulding material through a die or nozzle which imparts the desired form; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C48/25Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • B29C48/27Cleaning; Purging; Avoiding contamination
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B13/00Conditioning or physical treatment of the material to be shaped
    • B29B13/06Conditioning or physical treatment of the material to be shaped by drying
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B13/00Conditioning or physical treatment of the material to be shaped
    • B29B13/10Conditioning or physical treatment of the material to be shaped by grinding, e.g. by triturating; by sieving; by filtering
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C48/00Extrusion moulding, i.e. expressing the moulding material through a die or nozzle which imparts the desired form; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C48/25Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • B29C48/285Feeding the extrusion material to the extruder
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C48/00Extrusion moulding, i.e. expressing the moulding material through a die or nozzle which imparts the desired form; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C48/25Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • B29C48/285Feeding the extrusion material to the extruder
    • B29C48/287Raw material pre-treatment while feeding
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C48/00Extrusion moulding, i.e. expressing the moulding material through a die or nozzle which imparts the desired form; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C48/25Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • B29C48/285Feeding the extrusion material to the extruder
    • B29C48/288Feeding the extrusion material to the extruder in solid form, e.g. powder or granules
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B17/00Recovery of plastics or other constituents of waste material containing plastics
    • B29B2017/001Pretreating the materials before recovery
    • B29B2017/0015Washing, rinsing

Abstract

The invention belongs to the field of garbage recovery, and particularly relates to waste plastic recovery equipment which comprises a feeding mechanism, a conveying cylinder, a crushing mechanism, a sliding shaft, a spiral piece and a B telescopic shaft, wherein the crushing mechanism arranged on a base crushes waste plastics and then falls into the bottom of the conveying cylinder filled with clear water to be cleaned, and the spiral piece rotating forwards and a stirring piece on the spiral piece can clean the plastics; and then, conveying and drying the plastic by utilizing the reversed spiral sheet, then discharging the plastic, and mixing the plastic with the auxiliary agent discharged by the feeding mechanism in the discharging process. The equipment can simultaneously crush, clean, dry and add auxiliary agents to the waste plastics, and can separate a large amount of liquid remained in the waste plastic bottles. The whole equipment does not need to be equipped with a plurality of processing equipment simultaneously, the occupied area and the input cost are reduced, the processes of crushing, cleaning, drying and addition of auxiliaries can be automatically matched to work, and the waste plastics do not need to be manually transferred, so that the plastic recovery efficiency is greatly improved.

Description

Waste plastic recovery equipment
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of plastic recovery, and particularly relates to waste plastic recovery equipment.
Background
At present, when waste plastics are recycled, a cleaning device is used for cleaning the waste plastics, a drying device is used for drying the waste plastics, a crushing device is used for crushing the waste plastics, the crushed waste plastics are mixed with a certain amount of auxiliaries to obtain a mixture, and finally the mixture is placed into an extruder to obtain a reclaimed material. The existing mode for processing the reclaimed materials needs a plurality of devices, and waste plastics are transferred among different devices, so that the processing is discontinuous and the efficiency is low. In addition, a large amount of liquid can be remained in some waste plastic bottles, the liquid cannot be effectively separated from the waste plastic in the crushing process of the existing crushing device, and the liquid is easily mixed when the waste plastic is mixed with the auxiliary agent, so that the mixing quality of the mixture is influenced.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the above problems in the background, the present invention discloses a waste plastic recycling apparatus, which is realized by adopting the following technical scheme.
A waste plastic recovery device comprises a base, a feeding mechanism, an electric driver, a conveying cylinder, a crushing mechanism, an A telescopic shaft, an A threaded sleeve, a sliding shaft, a spiral piece, a B telescopic shaft, a water inlet pipe and a water outlet pipe, wherein the base is fixed on the ground; the crushing mechanism, the electric driver and the conveying cylinder with the electric heating sleeve arranged in the middle are all arranged on the base through supports on the conveying cylinder; the conveying cylinder with a discharge port on the lower surface of the top is inclined on the base; the crushing mechanism connected with the electric drive transmission conveys the crushed plastic to the bottom of the conveying cylinder; the A telescopic shaft connected with the electric drive is obliquely arranged on the base through a support; the A thread sleeve sleeved on the inner shaft of the A telescopic shaft is arranged on the base through a support; the inner shaft of the telescopic shaft A is provided with a section of external thread which is in threaded fit with the thread sleeve A; the A clamping ring and the B clamping ring which are positioned at two sides of the external thread are both fixed on the inner shaft of the A telescopic shaft; the ring A and the ring B both provided with convex ends are respectively sleeved in the ring grooves of the snap ring A and the snap ring B; one end of the sliding rod is fixed on the convex end of the ring A, and the other end of the sliding rod penetrates through the convex end of the screw sleeve A and then is fixedly connected with the convex end of the ring B; the tension spring A sleeved on the slide rod is arranged between the convex end of the ring A and the convex end of the threaded sleeve A; the tension spring B sleeved on the sliding rod is arranged between the convex end of the ring B and the convex end of the threaded sleeve A; one end of a sliding shaft which is slidably arranged in the conveying cylinder penetrates through the bottom end of the conveying cylinder and is fixedly connected with the inner shaft of the telescopic shaft A, and the other end of the sliding shaft is fixedly connected with the inner shaft of the telescopic shaft B which is arranged at the top end of the conveying cylinder; the spiral sheet in the conveying cylinder is arranged on the sliding shaft; a plurality of stirring blades are uniformly distributed on the spiral surface of the bottom of the conveying cylinder corresponding to the spiral blade close to the bottom of the conveying cylinder; the upper surface of the bottom of the conveying cylinder is hermetically communicated with a water inlet pipe with an electric control valve, and the lower surface of the bottom of the conveying cylinder is hermetically communicated with a water outlet pipe with an electric control valve; the feeding mechanism arranged on the base is in transmission connection with the B telescopic shaft.
The feeding mechanism comprises a charging barrel with a pressure valve and a one-way valve at the bottom, a piston, a D shaft with a screw at the top end, a B threaded sleeve and a fixing frame fixed on the base, wherein the B threaded sleeve and the charging barrel are fixed on the fixing frame through a support; the piston arranged at the lower end of the D shaft slides in the charging barrel in a sealing way; the screw rod is in threaded fit with the B thread sleeve; the shaft D is in transmission connection with the telescopic shaft B.
Preferably, the shaft C connected with the electric drive transmission is fixed on the base through a support; the bevel gear C and the chain wheel B are fixedly arranged on the shaft C; the bevel gear A meshed with the bevel gear C is fixedly arranged on the outer shaft of the telescopic shaft A; the crushing mechanism is in transmission connection with the C shaft.
Preferably, the crushing mechanism comprises a crushing shell with a bell-mouthed pipe at the lower part, an A crushing roller, a B crushing roller, an A gear and a B gear with the same outer diameter, wherein both sides of the crushing shell are fixed on the base through supports; the outlet of the flared tube is communicated with the upper surface of the bottom of the conveying tube in a sealing way; the crushing roller A and the crushing roller B are respectively arranged in the crushing shell through the shaft A and the shaft B; the gear A and the gear B which are positioned outside the crushing shell are fixedly arranged on the shaft A and the shaft B respectively; the gear A is meshed with the gear B.
The chain wheel A positioned outside the crushing shell is fixedly arranged on the shaft A, and the chain is used for driving and connecting the chain wheel A and the chain wheel B.
Preferably, the feeding mechanism further comprises a bevel gear B, a bevel gear D, a rotating sleeve, a hose A and a hose B, wherein the bevel gear B is fixedly arranged on an outer shaft of the telescopic shaft B; one end of the rotating sleeve is arranged on the fixed frame through a bracket, and the other end of the rotating sleeve is fixedly provided with a D bevel gear meshed with the B bevel gear; the shaft D and the screw rod both penetrate through the bevel gear D and the rotating sleeve, and a guide key arranged on the shaft D slides in a key groove on the bevel gear D; one end of the hose A is communicated with the one-way valve in a sealing way, and the other end of the hose A is communicated with the container containing the auxiliary agent in a sealing way; one end of the hose B is hermetically communicated with the pressure valve.
Preferably, the A snap ring is positioned between the external thread and the A telescopic shaft outer shaft; a filter screen is arranged at the inlet of the drain pipe; the outer diameter of the spiral piece is equal to the inner diameter of the conveying cylinder, and the other half of the spiral piece close to the bottom of the conveying cylinder is uniformly provided with leakage holes.
The allowable flow direction of the one-way valve in the invention is from the hose A to the charging barrel through the one-way valve; the electric drive is composed of a motor, a speed reducer and a control unit; the sliding shaft and the bottom end of the conveying cylinder are sealed.
Compared with the traditional plastic recovery, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the equipment can simultaneously crush, clean, dry and add auxiliary agents to the waste plastics, and can separate a large amount of liquid remained in the waste plastic bottles. The whole equipment does not need to be equipped with a plurality of processing equipment simultaneously, the occupied area and the input cost are reduced, the processes of crushing, cleaning, drying and addition of auxiliaries can be automatically matched to work, and the waste plastics do not need to be manually transferred, so that the plastic recovery efficiency is greatly improved.
2. The operation of the procedures of crushing, cleaning, drying and adding the auxiliary agent is realized by one electric drive, so that the equipment has compact structure and low cost.
3. Because the plastic in the equipment is conveyed in the conveying cylinder in an obliquely upward mode, the plastic can be better heated and dried when passing through the electric heating area at a slower speed and relatively gently, and the plastic drying efficiency is very high.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a view of the entire view.
Fig. 2 is a general view angle diagram.
FIG. 3 is a transmission connection diagram of the shaft C and the shaft A.
Fig. 4 is a top view of the crushing mechanism.
Fig. 5 is a sectional view of the flare installation.
Fig. 6 is a charging mechanism diagram.
FIG. 7 is a view showing a D-axis installation section, a D-axis and a D-bevel gear.
FIG. 8 is an A hose and B hose installation view.
Fig. 9 is a view showing the installation of the water inlet pipe and the water outlet pipe.
Fig. 10 is a sectional elevation view of fig. 9.
FIG. 11 is a view of a flight installation.
FIG. 12 is a view of a spiral sheet structure.
FIG. 13 is a meshing view of the bevel gear C and the bevel gear A.
FIG. 14 is an elevation view in cross-section of the male thread mating with the A-nut.
FIG. 15 is a view showing a structure of a telescopic shaft and a slide bar mounting.
Number designation in the figures: 1. a base; 2. supporting; 3. a material adding mechanism; 4. a delivery cartridge; 5. an electric heating jacket; 6. a flare tube; 7. a crushing mechanism; 8. electrically driving; 9. b, thread sleeve; 10. a fixed mount; 12. a charging barrel; 13. a, a telescopic shaft; 14. b, crushing roller; 15. a B axis; 16. b, a gear; 17. a, crushing roller; 18. a gear; 19. a chain wheel; 20. an A axis; 21. a chain; 22. b, a chain wheel; 23. a C axis; 24. c, a bevel gear; 25. breaking the shell; 26. a water inlet pipe; 27. a drain pipe; 28. an electrically controlled valve; 29. filtering with a screen; 30. a discharge outlet; 31. a support; 32. b, a telescopic shaft; 33. b, a bevel gear; 34. a D bevel gear; 35. rotating the sleeve; 36. a screw; 37. a D axis; 38. a guide key; 39. a keyway; 40. a piston; 41. a pressure valve; 42. a one-way valve; 43. a hose B; 44. a, a hose; 45. a, a threaded sleeve; 46. a sliding shaft; 47. a bevel gear; 48. a spiral sheet; 49. a leak hole; 50. a stirring sheet; 51. a ring A; 52. a, a snap ring; 53. an external thread; 54. a slide bar; 55. a, a tension spring; 56. a ring B; 57. b, a snap ring; 58. a ring groove; 59. a convex end; 60. and B, a tension spring.
Detailed Description
The structural proportions in the figures are merely schematic and can be determined according to the actual requirements.
A waste plastic recovery device comprises a base 1, a feeding mechanism 3, an electric driver 8, a conveying cylinder 4, a crushing mechanism 7, an A telescopic shaft 13, an A threaded sleeve 45, a sliding shaft 46, a spiral sheet 48, a B telescopic shaft 32, a water inlet pipe 26 and a water outlet pipe 27, wherein the base 1 is fixed on the ground; as shown in fig. 1, 2 and 10, the crushing mechanism 7, the electric driver 8 and the conveying cylinder 4 with the electric heating jacket 5 arranged in the middle are all arranged on the base 1 through the support 2 on the conveying cylinder; the conveying cylinder 4 with a discharge port 30 on the lower surface of the top is inclined on the base 1; the crushing mechanism 7 in transmission connection with the electric driver 8 conveys the crushed plastic to the bottom of the conveying cylinder 4; the A telescopic shaft 13 in transmission connection with the electric driver 8 is obliquely arranged on the base 1 through the support 2; as shown in fig. 13, 14 and 15, a screw sleeve A45 sleeved on the inner shaft of the telescopic shaft A13 is arranged on the base 1 through a support 2; the inner shaft of the A telescopic shaft 13 is provided with a section of external thread 53, and the external thread 53 is in threaded fit with the A thread sleeve 45; the A clamping ring 52 and the B clamping ring 57 positioned at two sides of the external thread 53 are fixed on the inner shaft of the A telescopic shaft 13; the A ring 51 and the B ring 56 both having a convex end 59 are respectively sleeved in the annular grooves 58 of the A snap ring 52 and the B snap ring 57; one end of the sliding rod 54 is fixed on the convex end 59 of the ring A51, and the other end of the sliding rod passes through the convex end 59 of the screw sleeve A45 and then is fixedly connected with the convex end 59 of the ring B56; the A tension spring 55 sleeved on the sliding rod 54 is arranged between the convex end 59 of the A ring 51 and the convex end 59 of the A thread sleeve 45; a B tension spring 60 sleeved on the sliding rod 54 is arranged between the convex end 59 of the B ring 56 and the convex end 59 of the A thread sleeve 45; as shown in fig. 9 to 12, one end of a sliding shaft 46 slidably mounted in the conveying cylinder 4 passes through the bottom end of the conveying cylinder 4 and is fixedly connected with the inner shaft of the telescopic shaft a 13, and the other end of the sliding shaft is fixedly connected with the inner shaft of the telescopic shaft B32 mounted at the top end of the conveying cylinder 4; the spiral sheet 48 in the conveying cylinder 4 is mounted on the sliding shaft 46; a plurality of stirring blades 50 are uniformly distributed on the spiral surface of the bottom of the conveying cylinder 4 corresponding to the spiral blade 48 close to the bottom of the conveying cylinder 4; as shown in fig. 5 and 9, the upper surface of the bottom of the conveying cylinder 4 is in sealed communication with a water inlet pipe 26 with an electric control valve 28, and the lower surface is in sealed communication with a water outlet pipe 27 with an electric control valve 28; as shown in fig. 6, the feeding mechanism 3 mounted on the base 1 is in transmission connection with the B telescopic shaft 32.
As shown in fig. 6 and 7, the charging mechanism 3 comprises a cylinder 12 with a pressure valve 41 and a one-way valve 42 at the bottom, a piston 40, a D-shaft 37 with a screw 36 at the top, a B-screw 9, and a fixing frame 10 fixed on the base 1, wherein the B-screw 9 and the cylinder 12 are both fixed on the fixing frame 10 through a bracket 31; a piston 40 mounted at the lower end of the D shaft 37 is hermetically slid in the barrel 12; the screw 36 is in threaded fit with the B thread sleeve 9; the D shaft 37 is in transmission connection with the B telescopic shaft 32.
As shown in fig. 1 and 3, a C-shaft 23 in transmission connection with the electric driver 8 is fixed on the base 1 through a support 2; the C bevel gear 24 and the B chain wheel 22 are both fixedly arranged on the C shaft 23; as shown in fig. 13, a bevel gear a 47 engaged with the bevel gear C24 is fixedly mounted on the outer shaft of the telescopic shaft a 13; as shown in fig. 1, the crushing mechanism 7 is in driving connection with the C-shaft 23.
As shown in fig. 3, 4 and 5, the crushing mechanism 7 comprises a crushing shell 25 with a bell pipe 6 at the lower part, an a crushing roller 17, a B crushing roller 14, an a gear 18 and a B gear 16 with the same outer diameter, wherein both sides of the crushing shell 25 are fixed on the base 1 through a support 2; the outlet of the flared tube 6 is hermetically communicated with the upper surface of the bottom of the conveying pipe; the a crushing roller 17 and the B crushing roller 14 are mounted in the crushing shell 25 via the a shaft 20 and the B shaft 15, respectively; the gear A18 and the gear B16 which are positioned outside the crushing shell 25 are fixedly arranged on the shaft A20 and the shaft B15 respectively; the a gear 18 and the B gear 16 mesh.
As shown in fig. 3, one end of the a-axis 20 located outside the crushing shell 25 is mounted on the support 2 on which the C-axis 23 is located; the A chain wheel 19 positioned outside the crushing shell 25 is fixedly arranged on the A shaft 20, and the chain 21 is used for driving and connecting the A chain wheel 19 and the B chain wheel 22.
As shown in fig. 6, 7 and 8, the feeding mechanism 3 further includes a bevel B gear 33, a bevel D gear 34, a rotating sleeve 35, a hose a 44 and a hose B43, wherein the bevel B gear 33 is fixedly mounted on the outer shaft of the telescopic B shaft 32; one end of the rotating sleeve 35 is arranged on the fixed frame 10 through the bracket 31, and the other end is fixed with a D bevel gear 34 meshed with the B bevel gear 33; the D shaft 37 and the screw 36 both pass through the D bevel gear 34 and the rotating sleeve 35, and a guide key 38 arranged on the D shaft 37 slides in a key groove 39 on the D bevel gear 34; one end of the hose A44 is hermetically communicated with the one-way valve 42, and the other end is hermetically communicated with a container containing the auxiliary agent; one end of the B hose 43 is in sealed communication with the pressure valve 41.
As shown in fig. 15, the a snap ring 52 is located between the external thread 53 and the outer shaft of the a telescopic shaft 13; as shown in fig. 5, a strainer 29 is installed at the inlet of the drain pipe 27; the outer diameter of the spiral piece 48 is equal to the inner diameter of the conveying cylinder 4, and as shown in fig. 12, the other half of the spiral piece 48 near the bottom of the conveying cylinder 4 is uniformly provided with weep holes 49.
The specific working process is as follows: as shown in fig. 13, when the plastic processing is not performed, the head end of the external thread 53 just matches with the thread of the thread bush a, the tension spring a 55 is in a pre-tensioned state, the tension spring B60 is in a natural state, and the tail end of the spiral piece 48 is positioned at the bottom of the conveying cylinder 4. As shown in fig. 12, the piston 40 is spaced from the bottom of the barrel 12 and the barrel 12 is empty of adjuvant.
The electric valve 28 controlling the water inlet pipe 26 is opened to fill the bottom of the delivery cylinder 4 with a certain amount of clear water, and then the electric valve 28 controlling the water inlet pipe 26 is closed. When the electric drive 8 is started for plastic treatment, a certain amount of waste plastic is poured into the crushing shell 25. The electric driver 8 drives the shaft A20, the gear A18 and the crushing roller A17 to rotate through the shaft C23, the chain B22, the chain 21 and the chain wheel A19, the gear A18 drives the crushing roller B14 to rotate through the gear B16 and the shaft B15, the crushing roller A17 and the crushing roller B14 are matched to crush waste plastics, crushed waste plastics enter the bottom of the conveying cylinder 4 through the horn tube 6, and a large amount of liquid remained in a waste plastic bottle flows into the bottom of the conveying cylinder 4 after being crushed. The electric driver 8 drives the spiral piece 48 to rotate forward through the C shaft 23, the C bevel gear 24, the A bevel gear 47, the A telescopic shaft 13 and the sliding shaft 46, the forward rotating spiral piece 48 has a spiral downward thrust force on water and plastics at the bottom of the conveying cylinder 4, and the stirring piece 50 rotating along with the spiral piece 48 stirs and cleans the plastics floating on the water. During the period, the B telescopic shaft 32 and the B bevel gear 33 rotate synchronously along with the sliding shaft 46; the bevel gear B33 drives the D shaft 37 and the screw rod 36 to rotate forward through the bevel gear D34 and the guide key 38, the screw rod 36 rotating forward is in threaded fit with the thread of the thread sleeve B9 to enable the D shaft 37 to move upwards along the axial direction, the D shaft 37 drives the piston 40 to move upwards to enable the hose A44 to absorb the auxiliary agent from the container containing the auxiliary agent and convey the auxiliary agent into the charging barrel 12 through the one-way valve 42; since initially piston 40 is at a distance from the bottom of barrel 12 and no adjuvant is present in barrel 12, the adjuvant that enters barrel 12 does not completely fill the space formed between barrel 12 and piston 40. The piston 40 which moves upwards continuously is separated from the top end of the barrel 12, so that after the piston 40 is separated from the top end of the barrel 12, the barrel 12 cannot suck the auxiliary agent continuously and the auxiliary agent does not occupy the whole barrel 12 at the moment, and the auxiliary agent is prevented from being spilled out of the barrel 12 due to the vibration of a machine; the amount of auxiliary agent in the barrel 12 now corresponds exactly to the amount of waste plastic being processed.
When the inner shaft of the A telescopic shaft 13 rotates forwards, the external thread 53 is matched with the thread of the A thread sleeve 45, so that the inner shaft of the A telescopic shaft 13 moves towards the conveying cylinder 4 along the axial direction of the inner shaft, the inner shaft of the A telescopic shaft 13 pushes the sliding shaft 46 and the spiral sheet 48 to move towards the B telescopic shaft 32, and the inner shaft of the B telescopic shaft 32 retracts; during the period, the A clamping ring 52 and the B clamping ring 57 move synchronously along with the inner shaft of the A telescopic shaft 13, the A ring 51 moves synchronously along with the A clamping ring 52, the B ring 56 moves along with the B clamping ring 57, the A tension spring 55 gradually restores to a natural state, and the B tension spring 60 is gradually stretched; the slide 54 ensures that the a-ring 51 and the B-ring 56 do not rotate while moving. When the tail end of the external thread 53 is just disengaged from the thread insert 45A, the tension spring 55A is in a natural state, the tension spring 60B is in a stretched state, and the movement amount of the inner shaft of the telescopic shaft 13A reaches the maximum. The screw plate 48 moving towards the direction of the B telescopic shaft 32 enables the tail end of the screw plate to have a certain distance from the bottom of the conveying cylinder 4, so that plastics continuously subjected to the downward pushing force of the screw in a slant direction are prevented from blocking the bottom of the conveying cylinder 4, and the plastics and water can be stirred and cleaned conveniently.
After the waste plastics are quantitatively cleaned, an electric control valve 28 for controlling a drain pipe 27 is opened, so that water at the bottom of the conveying cylinder 4 is discharged through the drain pipe 27 and recycled into a recycling tank, and the plastic is effectively isolated in the conveying cylinder 4 by a filter screen 29; the electric valve 28 of the water discharge pipe 27 is closed after the water is discharged. The electric driver 8 is controlled to reversely rotate in the drainage process, and the electric driver 8 reversely rotates the A telescopic shaft 13, the sliding shaft 46, the spiral piece 48, the B telescopic shaft 32 and the B bevel gear 33 after a series of transmissions. Because the tension spring 60B is in a stretching state and the inner shaft of the telescopic shaft A13 is reversely rotated, the tail end of the external thread 53 is in threaded fit with the thread sleeve A45, so that the inner shaft of the telescopic shaft A13 is reset along the axial direction of the inner shaft, which is far away from the conveying cylinder 4, the sliding shaft 46 and the spiral sheet 48 are pulled by the inner shaft of the telescopic shaft A13 to be reset along the direction of the telescopic shaft A13, and the inner shaft of the telescopic shaft B32 is reset; in the period, the A snap ring 52, the B snap ring 57, the A ring 51 and the B ring 56 are synchronously reset along with the inner shaft of the A telescopic shaft 13, the A tension spring 55 is gradually stretched, and the B tension spring 60 is gradually restored to a natural state. When the head end of the external thread 53 is just disengaged from the A thread sleeve 45, the tail end of the spiral sheet 48 is positioned at the bottom of the conveying cylinder 4. The inverted flights 48 utilize the principle of screw lift to transport plastic from the bottom of the transfer cylinder 4 to the discharge opening 30, from where the plastic drops into the compounding conveyor mechanism of the extruder. During the plastic conveying process of the spiral piece 48, water carried on the plastic can flow back to the bottom of the conveying cylinder 4 from the leakage holes 49 of the spiral piece 48; as the plastic passes through the region of the electric heating jacket 5, the electric heating jacket 5 heats the region of the transport cylinder 4 to dry the plastic.
The screw rod 36 is reversely rotated after the reversely-rotated bevel gear B33 is subjected to a series of transmissions, and the D shaft 37 drives the piston 40 to move downwards through the threaded matching of the reversely-rotated screw rod 36 and the thread sleeve B9; as the plastic is about to be delivered to the discharge opening 30, the piston 40 moves downward into the barrel 12; as the plastic is gradually discharged from the discharge opening 30, the piston 40, which is moved further downwards, increases the pressure in the cylinder 12 and causes the auxiliary agent to flow from the B hose 43 via the pressure valve 41 into the compound conveying mechanism of the extruder. And mixing the plastic and the auxiliary agent by a mixing and conveying mechanism of the extruder. And after the plastic is discharged, adding waste plastic into the crushing mechanism again, and repeating the process of opening the electric control valve of the water inlet pipe and electrically driving to rotate forwards.
While the present invention has been described in conjunction with the above embodiments, the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments but is limited only by the appended claims, and those skilled in the art can easily make modifications and variations thereto without departing from the true spirit and scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. A waste plastic recycling device is characterized in that: the device comprises a base, a feeding mechanism, an electric driver, a conveying cylinder, a crushing mechanism, an A telescopic shaft, an A threaded sleeve, a sliding shaft, a spiral piece, a B telescopic shaft, a water inlet pipe and a water outlet pipe, wherein the base is fixed on the ground; the crushing mechanism, the electric driver and the conveying cylinder with the electric heating sleeve arranged in the middle are all arranged on the base through supports on the conveying cylinder; the conveying cylinder with a discharge port on the lower surface of the top is inclined on the base; the crushing mechanism connected with the electric drive transmission conveys the crushed plastic to the bottom of the conveying cylinder; the A telescopic shaft connected with the electric drive is obliquely arranged on the base through a support; the A thread sleeve sleeved on the inner shaft of the A telescopic shaft is arranged on the base through a support; the inner shaft of the telescopic shaft A is provided with a section of external thread which is in threaded fit with the thread sleeve A; the A clamping ring and the B clamping ring which are positioned at two sides of the external thread are both fixed on the inner shaft of the A telescopic shaft; the ring A and the ring B both provided with convex ends are respectively sleeved in the ring grooves of the snap ring A and the snap ring B; one end of the sliding rod is fixed on the convex end of the ring A, and the other end of the sliding rod penetrates through the convex end of the screw sleeve A and then is fixedly connected with the convex end of the ring B; the tension spring A sleeved on the slide rod is arranged between the convex end of the ring A and the convex end of the threaded sleeve A; the tension spring B sleeved on the sliding rod is arranged between the convex end of the ring B and the convex end of the threaded sleeve A; one end of a sliding shaft which is slidably arranged in the conveying cylinder penetrates through the bottom end of the conveying cylinder and is fixedly connected with the inner shaft of the telescopic shaft A, and the other end of the sliding shaft is fixedly connected with the inner shaft of the telescopic shaft B which is arranged at the top end of the conveying cylinder; the spiral sheet in the conveying cylinder is arranged on the sliding shaft; a plurality of stirring blades are uniformly distributed on the spiral surface of the bottom of the conveying cylinder corresponding to the spiral blade close to the bottom of the conveying cylinder; the upper surface of the bottom of the conveying cylinder is hermetically communicated with a water inlet pipe with an electric control valve, and the lower surface of the bottom of the conveying cylinder is hermetically communicated with a water outlet pipe with an electric control valve; the feeding mechanism arranged on the base is in transmission connection with the B telescopic shaft;
the feeding mechanism comprises a charging barrel with a pressure valve and a one-way valve at the bottom, a piston, a D shaft with a screw at the top end, a B threaded sleeve and a fixing frame fixed on the base, wherein the B threaded sleeve and the charging barrel are fixed on the fixing frame through a support; the piston arranged at the lower end of the D shaft slides in the charging barrel in a sealing way; the screw rod is in threaded fit with the B thread sleeve; the shaft D is in transmission connection with the telescopic shaft B.
2. Waste plastic recycling apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that: the shaft C connected with the electric drive transmission is fixed on the base through a support; the bevel gear C and the chain wheel B are fixedly arranged on the shaft C; the bevel gear A meshed with the bevel gear C is fixedly arranged on the outer shaft of the telescopic shaft A; the crushing mechanism is in transmission connection with the C shaft.
3. Waste plastic recycling apparatus according to claim 2, characterized in that: the crushing mechanism comprises a crushing shell with a horn tube at the lower part, a crushing roller A, a crushing roller B, a gear A and a gear B with the same outer diameter, wherein both sides of the crushing shell are fixed on the base through supports; the outlet of the flared tube is communicated with the upper surface of the bottom of the conveying tube in a sealing way; the crushing roller A and the crushing roller B are respectively arranged in the crushing shell through the shaft A and the shaft B; the gear A and the gear B which are positioned outside the crushing shell are fixedly arranged on the shaft A and the shaft B respectively; the gear A is meshed with the gear B;
the chain wheel A positioned outside the crushing shell is fixedly arranged on the shaft A, and the chain is used for driving and connecting the chain wheel A and the chain wheel B.
4. Waste plastic recycling apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that: the feeding mechanism also comprises a bevel gear B, a bevel gear D, a rotating sleeve, a hose A and a hose B, wherein the bevel gear B is fixedly arranged on the outer shaft of the telescopic shaft B; one end of the rotating sleeve is arranged on the fixed frame through a bracket, and the other end of the rotating sleeve is fixedly provided with a D bevel gear meshed with the B bevel gear; the shaft D and the screw rod both penetrate through the bevel gear D and the rotating sleeve, and a guide key arranged on the shaft D slides in a key groove on the bevel gear D; one end of the hose A is communicated with the one-way valve in a sealing way, and the other end of the hose A is communicated with the container containing the auxiliary agent in a sealing way; one end of the hose B is hermetically communicated with the pressure valve.
5. Waste plastic recycling apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that: the A snap ring is positioned between the external thread and the outer shaft of the A telescopic shaft; a filter screen is arranged at the inlet of the drain pipe; the outer diameter of the spiral piece is equal to the inner diameter of the conveying cylinder, and the other half of the spiral piece close to the bottom of the conveying cylinder is uniformly provided with leakage holes.
CN201911182378.7A 2019-11-27 2019-11-27 Waste plastic recovery equipment Withdrawn CN111037877A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911182378.7A CN111037877A (en) 2019-11-27 2019-11-27 Waste plastic recovery equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911182378.7A CN111037877A (en) 2019-11-27 2019-11-27 Waste plastic recovery equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111037877A true CN111037877A (en) 2020-04-21

Family

ID=70233887

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201911182378.7A Withdrawn CN111037877A (en) 2019-11-27 2019-11-27 Waste plastic recovery equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN111037877A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112297291A (en) * 2020-10-10 2021-02-02 沈姚 Scrap crushing device with dewatering structure for waste plastic reprocessing
CN113618956A (en) * 2021-10-12 2021-11-09 悟锐新材料科技(江苏)有限公司 Polyolefin blending dry mixer

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112297291A (en) * 2020-10-10 2021-02-02 沈姚 Scrap crushing device with dewatering structure for waste plastic reprocessing
CN113618956A (en) * 2021-10-12 2021-11-09 悟锐新材料科技(江苏)有限公司 Polyolefin blending dry mixer
CN113618956B (en) * 2021-10-12 2022-01-25 悟锐新材料科技(江苏)有限公司 Polyolefin blending dry mixer

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Application publication date: 20200421