CN111030571A - 一种可调倾角的漂浮式水上光伏系统 - Google Patents

一种可调倾角的漂浮式水上光伏系统 Download PDF

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CN111030571A
CN111030571A CN201911345379.9A CN201911345379A CN111030571A CN 111030571 A CN111030571 A CN 111030571A CN 201911345379 A CN201911345379 A CN 201911345379A CN 111030571 A CN111030571 A CN 111030571A
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photovoltaic
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张双燕
郑志刚
苏森良
秦良忠
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Zhejiang Jinggong Energy Technology Group Co ltd
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Zhejiang Jinggong Energy Technology Group Co ltd
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/30Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B35/00Vessels or similar floating structures specially adapted for specific purposes and not otherwise provided for
    • B63B35/44Floating buildings, stores, drilling platforms, or workshops, e.g. carrying water-oil separating devices
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S30/00Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S30/40Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules for rotary movement
    • F24S30/42Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules for rotary movement with only one rotation axis
    • F24S30/425Horizontal axis
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B35/00Vessels or similar floating structures specially adapted for specific purposes and not otherwise provided for
    • B63B35/44Floating buildings, stores, drilling platforms, or workshops, e.g. carrying water-oil separating devices
    • B63B2035/4433Floating structures carrying electric power plants
    • B63B2035/4453Floating structures carrying electric power plants for converting solar energy into electric energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Combustion & Propulsion (AREA)
  • Sustainable Development (AREA)
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  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
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  • Ocean & Marine Engineering (AREA)
  • Photovoltaic Devices (AREA)

Abstract

本发明涉及一种可调倾角的漂浮式水上光伏系统,包括:浮箱、可调支架以及光伏板,光伏板通过可调支架设于浮箱上;所述可调支架包括半圆形支架、立柱、底部横梁、斜撑和斜梁;所述半圆形支架上开有一条圆弧形槽,两端与斜梁通过螺栓固定连接;光伏板通过压块固定在斜梁上;所述立柱固定在底部横梁上,立柱的下部设有一颗与圆弧形槽配合的螺栓,该螺栓可在圆弧形槽内滑行,并将圆弧形槽与立柱连接。本发明的有益效果是:本发明通过调节光伏组件的朝向,适用不同季节的太阳方位角,以提高发电效率。夏季太阳高度角较大,可调节圆弧槽内的螺栓,将光伏板倾角降低;冬季太阳高度角较小,可调节圆弧形内的螺栓,将光伏板倾角加大。

Description

一种可调倾角的漂浮式水上光伏系统
技术领域
本发明属于太阳能光伏技术领域,特别涉及一种可调倾角的漂浮式水上光伏系统。
背景技术
随着光伏地大力开发,国内的土地资源缺乏,漂浮式光伏系统作为一种新的技术,得到了快速地发展。与陆上安装的太阳能电池板相比,漂浮式光伏发电系统具有许多优点,包括不需要侵占土地资源,水体对光伏组件的冷却效应可获得更高的发电量。由于一年中太阳高度角不同,夏季大,冬季小,可采用调节光伏板倾角以提高光伏发电效率。
发明内容
本发明的目的是克服现有技术中的不足,提供一种结构合理的可调倾角的漂浮式水上光伏系统。
这种可调倾角的漂浮式水上光伏系统,包括浮箱、可调支架以及光伏板,光伏板通过可调支架设于浮箱上;所述可调支架包括半圆形支架、立柱、底部横梁、斜撑和斜梁;所述半圆形支架上开有一条圆弧形槽,两端与斜梁通过螺栓固定连接;光伏板通过压块固定在斜梁上;所述立柱固定在底部横梁上,立柱的下部设有一颗与圆弧形槽配合的螺栓,该螺栓可在圆弧形槽内滑行,并将圆弧形槽与立柱连接;斜撑上端通过铰连接件与立柱上部固定连接,斜撑下端与底部横梁连接;底部横梁通过螺栓固定在浮箱上。
作为优选:所述立柱固定在底部横梁的中间位置,斜撑下端与底部横梁的前端连接。
本发明的有益效果是:本发明通过调节光伏组件的朝向,适用不同季节的太阳方位角,以提高发电效率。夏季太阳高度角较大,可调节圆弧槽内的螺栓,将光伏板倾角降低;冬季太阳高度角较小,可调节圆弧形内的螺栓,将光伏板倾角加大。
附图说明
图1为可调倾角的漂浮式水上光伏系统结构示意图。
附图标记说明:浮箱1、光伏板2、半圆形支架3、立柱4、底部横梁5、斜撑6、斜梁7、圆弧形槽8。
具体实施方式
下面结合实施例对本发明做进一步描述。下述实施例的说明只是用于帮助理解本发明。应当指出,对于本技术领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明原理的前提下,还可以对本发明进行若干改进和修饰,这些改进和修饰也落入本发明权利要求的保护范围内。
这种可调倾角的漂浮式水上光伏系统,包括浮箱1、可调支架以及光伏板2,光伏板2通过可调支架设于浮箱1上;光伏板2通过压块固定在可调支架上,通过半圆形支架3旋转而进行角度的调整。
所述可调支架包括半圆形支架3、立柱4、底部横梁5、斜撑6和斜梁7;所述半圆形支架3上开有一条圆弧形槽8,两端与斜梁7通过螺栓固定连接;光伏板2通过压块固定在斜梁7上;所述立柱4固定在底部横梁5的中间位置上,立柱4的下部设有一颗与圆弧形槽8配合的螺栓,该螺栓可在圆弧形槽8内滑行,并将圆弧形槽与立柱4连接;斜撑6上端通过铰连接件与立柱4上部固定连接,斜撑6下端与底部横梁5的前端连接;底部横梁5通过螺栓固定在浮箱1上。

Claims (2)

1.一种可调倾角的漂浮式水上光伏系统,其特征在于:包括浮箱(1)、可调支架以及光伏板(2),光伏板(2)通过可调支架设于浮箱(1)上;所述可调支架包括半圆形支架(3)、立柱(4)、底部横梁(5)、斜撑(6)和斜梁(7);所述半圆形支架(3)上开有一条圆弧形槽(8),两端与斜梁(7)通过螺栓固定连接;光伏板(2)通过压块固定在斜梁(7)上;所述立柱(4)固定在底部横梁(5)上,立柱(4)的下部设有一颗与圆弧形槽(8)配合的螺栓,该螺栓可在圆弧形槽(8)内滑行,并将圆弧形槽与立柱(4)连接;斜撑(6)上端通过铰连接件与立柱(4)上部固定连接,斜撑(6)下端与底部横梁(5)连接;底部横梁(5)通过螺栓固定在浮箱(1)上。
2.根据权利要求1所述的可调倾角的漂浮式水上光伏系统,其特征在于:所述立柱(4)固定在底部横梁(5)的中间位置,斜撑(6)下端与底部横梁(5)的前端连接。
CN201911345379.9A 2019-12-24 2019-12-24 一种可调倾角的漂浮式水上光伏系统 Pending CN111030571A (zh)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GR1009961B (el) * 2020-05-04 2021-03-23 Δημας Α.Ε.Β.Ε.-Dimas Sa Παραγωγης Ειδων Κλιματισμου-Ηλιακων Βαση αποληξεων πλαισιου στηριξης θερμοσιφωνικου συστηματος
CN114590364A (zh) * 2022-03-07 2022-06-07 张绕芬 一种可漂浮的光伏发电装置

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GR1009961B (el) * 2020-05-04 2021-03-23 Δημας Α.Ε.Β.Ε.-Dimas Sa Παραγωγης Ειδων Κλιματισμου-Ηλιακων Βαση αποληξεων πλαισιου στηριξης θερμοσιφωνικου συστηματος
CN114590364A (zh) * 2022-03-07 2022-06-07 张绕芬 一种可漂浮的光伏发电装置

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