CN110924251A - Road structure with pipe gallery arranged at bottom - Google Patents

Road structure with pipe gallery arranged at bottom Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110924251A
CN110924251A CN201911222684.9A CN201911222684A CN110924251A CN 110924251 A CN110924251 A CN 110924251A CN 201911222684 A CN201911222684 A CN 201911222684A CN 110924251 A CN110924251 A CN 110924251A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
layer
pipe gallery
concrete
motor vehicle
vehicle lane
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201911222684.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
明亮
范南征
胡峰
庞晓东
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Wuhan Wuchang Municipal Construction Group Co ltd
Original Assignee
Wuhan Wuchang Municipal Construction Group Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Wuhan Wuchang Municipal Construction Group Co ltd filed Critical Wuhan Wuchang Municipal Construction Group Co ltd
Priority to CN201911222684.9A priority Critical patent/CN110924251A/en
Publication of CN110924251A publication Critical patent/CN110924251A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C1/00Design or layout of roads, e.g. for noise abatement, for gas absorption
    • E01C1/002Design or lay-out of roads, e.g. street systems, cross-sections ; Design for noise abatement, e.g. sunken road
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C11/00Details of pavings
    • E01C11/22Gutters; Kerbs ; Surface drainage of streets, roads or like traffic areas
    • E01C11/224Surface drainage of streets
    • E01C11/227Gutters; Channels ; Roof drainage discharge ducts set in sidewalks
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C3/00Foundations for pavings
    • E01C3/04Foundations produced by soil stabilisation
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C7/00Coherent pavings made in situ
    • E01C7/08Coherent pavings made in situ made of road-metal and binders
    • E01C7/32Coherent pavings made in situ made of road-metal and binders of courses of different kind made in situ
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D29/00Independent underground or underwater structures; Retaining walls
    • E02D29/10Tunnels or galleries specially adapted to house conduits, e.g. oil pipe-lines, sewer pipes ; Making conduits in situ, e.g. of concrete ; Casings, i.e. manhole shafts, access or inspection chambers or coverings of boreholes or narrow wells
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D5/00Bulkheads, piles, or other structural elements specially adapted to foundation engineering
    • E02D5/22Piles
    • E02D5/34Concrete or concrete-like piles cast in position ; Apparatus for making same
    • E02D5/46Concrete or concrete-like piles cast in position ; Apparatus for making same making in situ by forcing bonding agents into gravel fillings or the soil

Abstract

The invention relates to a road structure with a pipe gallery arranged at the bottom, which comprises: the device comprises a motor vehicle lane, a concave green belt, a non-motor vehicle lane, a mixing pile, a pipe gallery, a support pile, a concrete top protective layer, a top reinforcing member, a side reinforcing member and a leveling support layer; a plurality of stirring piles are arranged at intervals, two rows of support piles are arranged on the two sides of the pipe gallery respectively, one row of support piles is positioned between the pipe gallery and the stirring piles, a concrete top protective layer is arranged above the pipe gallery at intervals, the upper surface of the concrete top protective layer is flush with the top surface of the stirring piles, and a leveling support layer is laid on the concrete top protective layer; a top reinforcing member is fixedly connected between the top of the pipe gallery and the concrete top protective layer, and a side reinforcing member is fixedly connected between the side edge of the pipe gallery and the support pile; the concave green belt is provided with two belts which are respectively positioned at two sides of the motor vehicle lane, and the non-motor vehicle lane is provided with two belts which are respectively positioned at one side of the concave green belt far away from the motor vehicle lane. The invention has the effects that the pipe gallery is not easy to have local dislocation and the whole structure is more stable.

Description

Road structure with pipe gallery arranged at bottom
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of municipal roads, in particular to a road structure with a pipe gallery arranged at the bottom.
Background
The utility tunnel is an underground city pipeline utility tunnel, namely, a tunnel space is built underground in a city, various engineering pipelines such as electric power, communication, gas, heat supply, water supply and drainage and the like are integrated, a special overhaul port, a lifting port and a monitoring system are arranged, unified planning, unified design, unified construction and management are implemented, the utility tunnel is an important infrastructure and a 'lifeline' for guaranteeing city operation, and in some municipal works, part of the utility tunnel is laid below a road.
The utility model discloses a retrieve a chinese utility model patent that bulletin number is CN208072456U now and disclose a utility tunnel based on road, be provided with utility tunnel and underground garage contact way in the shallow underground space of ground road, the utility tunnel with the underground garage contact way adopts the box culvert structure to set up side by side and the section all is the rectangle, the utility tunnel is provided with first storehouse and second storehouse.
The above prior art solutions have the following drawbacks: the foundation ditch is excavated on one side of the road now basically when the underground pipe gallery is constructed, then box culvert structure is buried underground in the foundation ditch, thereby form the underground pipe gallery, then backfill in the foundation ditch, in order to bury the underground pipe gallery, then the road structure on upper strata is under construction again, consequently there is not fixed building to stabilize it basically around the underground pipe gallery, in case when taking place slight geological motion or the road surface heavier vehicle that traveles, whole road structure all can shake, the condition is comparatively serious can lead to partial underground pipe gallery dislocation (partial box culvert dislocation) of local position to take place, the maintenance cost of this kind of dislocation is high, so wait to improve.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects in the prior art, the invention aims to provide the road structure with the pipe gallery arranged at the bottom, and the road structure has the advantages that the pipe gallery is not easy to have local dislocation and the whole structure is more stable.
The above object of the present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
a road structure with a pipe gallery arranged at the bottom comprises: the device comprises a motor vehicle lane, a concave green belt, a non-motor vehicle lane, a mixing pile, a pipe gallery, a support pile, a concrete top protective layer, a top reinforcing member, a side reinforcing member and a leveling support layer;
the concrete tunnel is characterized in that a plurality of stirring piles are arranged at intervals, two rows of supporting piles are arranged on the supporting piles and are respectively arranged on two sides of the pipe gallery, one row of supporting piles is positioned between the pipe gallery and the stirring piles, the pipe gallery is formed by pouring reinforced concrete, a concrete top protective layer is arranged above the pipe gallery at intervals, backfill is arranged in gaps among the stirring piles, the supporting piles, the concrete top protective layer and the pipe gallery to form a roadbed, the upper surface of the concrete top protective layer is flush with the top surface of the stirring piles, and a leveling supporting layer is laid on the upper surface of the concrete top protective layer;
the top reinforcing member is fixedly connected between the top of the pipe gallery and the concrete top protective layer, and the side reinforcing member is fixedly connected between the side edge of the pipe gallery and the support pile;
the motor vehicle lane, recessed greenbelt and non-motor vehicle lane all lay in on the supporting layer of making level, recessed greenbelt is provided with two and is located respectively the both sides of motor vehicle lane, the non-motor vehicle lane is provided with two and is located respectively recessed greenbelt keeps away from one side of motor vehicle lane.
By adopting the technical scheme, the stirring piles are added, so that the whole road structure has firm supporting foundation and is not easy to settle, meanwhile, because the pipe gallery is formed by pouring reinforced concrete, the problem of dislocation is not easy to occur relative to a culvert pipe splicing structure, the supporting piles need to be added in the construction process, the supporting piles are not required to be dismantled at the later construction stage, the supporting piles can be directly reserved as a foundation building for stabilizing the pipe gallery, meanwhile, in the process of pouring and forming the pipe gallery, the top reinforcing part and the side reinforcing part can be pre-embedded in advance, the top reinforcing part can connect the top of the pipe gallery and the concrete top reinforcing part into a whole at the later stage, the side reinforcing part can connect the side part of the pipe gallery and the supporting piles into a whole, when the pipe gallery has a dislocation trend due to vibration, the concrete top reinforcing part and the supporting piles must be driven to be dislocated together, so that the difficulty of dislocation of the pipe gallery, the integral structure is more stable; the added leveling support layer can enable the motor vehicle lane, the concave green belt and the non-motor vehicle lane to have a relatively flat and firm construction foundation, so that the construction is more convenient, and the structure is more stable.
The present invention may be further configured in a preferred example such that the top stiffener includes: pre-buried frame and stock, pre-buried frame be steel material and pre-buried in the top of piping lane, the stock is provided with many and vertical arrangement, the bottom of stock is fixed in the top of pre-buried frame, the top of stock stretches into in the concrete top sheath.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, pre-buried frame is pre-buried in the top of piping lane, has not only strengthened the structural strength at the top of piping lane, the stock is then difficult for the slippage concrete top protective layer, consequently pre-buried frame cooperation stock can make piping lane and concrete top protective layer connect as an organic wholely to prevent effectively that the stock from breaking away from the concrete top protective layer, promote the firm in connection nature at the top of concrete top protective layer and piping lane, above-mentioned structural design's top reinforcement simple manufacture, with low costs, construction installation is more convenient.
The present invention in a preferred example may be further configured that the embedded frame includes: the fixing device comprises a cross beam and fixing rods, wherein the cross beam and the fixing rods are all provided with a plurality of parts, the fixing rods are welded and fixed between the adjacent cross beams, the fixing rods are perpendicular to the cross beams, and the cross beams are square steel tubes or I-shaped steel.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the pre-buried frame that crossbeam and dead lever formed, not only structural strength is high, and is difficult for bending deformation, pre-buried frame bury in the top of piping lane in advance after, the structural strength at the top of piping lane obtains obvious reinforcing, above-mentioned structural design's pre-buried frame moreover, simple manufacture, cost of manufacture are low.
In a preferred example of the present invention, the top of the anchor rod is provided with a threaded section, the threaded section is provided with two clamping nuts, a steel wire mesh is arranged between the tops of the plurality of anchor rods, the steel wire mesh is horizontally arranged and embedded in the concrete top protective layer, and the steel wire mesh is clamped and fixed to the top of the anchor rod through the two clamping nuts.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, through increasing multiunit clamp nut and wire net, connect the top of many stock as an organic wholely to effectively prevent that the stock from breaking away from concrete top protective layer, further promote the firm in connection nature at concrete top protective layer and piping lane's top, the degree of difficulty that the reinforcing piping lane took place the dislocation reduces the probability that the dislocation took place for the piping lane, has promoted the steadiness of whole road structure.
The present invention may be further configured in a preferred example in that the side reinforcement includes: the steel plate, the pull rod, the cross bar, the first nut and the second nut;
the steel sheet laminate in the inside wall of pipe gallery, the horizontal bar be provided with a plurality ofly and laminate in the fender pile is kept away from a side of pipe gallery, the pull rod is provided with many and level settings, the both ends of pull rod run through respectively steel sheet, adjacent two clearance between the fender pile, the both ends of pull rod all are provided with screw thread portion, screw thread portion with first nut second nut screw assembly, first nut cooperation the inside wall of pipe gallery presss from both sides tightly fixed the steel sheet, the cooperation of second nut the side of fender pile presss from both sides tightly fixed the horizontal bar.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, pull rod cooperation first nut, second nut can be taut in an organic whole with steel sheet and horizontal bar to connect the side and the fender pile of piping lane as an organic whole, strengthen the degree of difficulty that the piping lane took place the dislocation, reduce the probability that the piping lane took place the dislocation, promoted whole road structure's steadiness, above-mentioned structural design's side reinforcement simple manufacture, with low costs moreover, construction installation is more convenient.
The invention may further be configured in a preferred example, the inner side wall of the steel plate is provided with a sinking groove, one end of the pull rod is located in the sinking groove, and the first nut is accommodated in the sinking groove.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the tip and the first nut protrusion in the steel sheet surface that heavy groove can avoid the pull rod to can ensure that the internal surface of piping lane is comparatively level and smooth.
The invention in a preferred example may be further configured such that the leveling support layer comprises: rubble bottom, geogrid and U-shaped nail, geogrid is laid and is fixed above the rubble bottom and through a plurality of U-shaped nails, the opening of U-shaped nail is arranged down.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, geogrid has that tensile strength is high, the extension power is little, tear resistance intensity is big, the intensity difference is little with great ease, it is stand wear and tear, it is corrosion-resistant, matter is light, with advantages such as soil or rubble interlocking reinforce, effectively strengthen the soil body and shear and reinforcement improve the wholeness and the loading capacity of the soil body, the rubble bottom provides stable basis for laying geogrid, and the U-shaped nail can be comparatively firm fixing on the rubble bottom with geogrid in addition, above-mentioned structural design's the supporting layer of making level has good structural stability.
The invention may further be configured in a preferred example that the vehicle lane comprises, arranged in sequence from bottom to top: the asphalt concrete cement mortar comprises a lower gravel base layer, a middle gravel base layer, a cement concrete base layer, a first emulsified asphalt layer, polypropylene non-woven geotextile, a coarse-grained asphalt concrete layer, a second emulsified asphalt layer and a fine-grained asphalt concrete layer.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, firm connection between the upper surface that first emulsified asphalt layer can make polypropylene non-woven geotechnological cloth and cement concrete basic unit, and polypropylene non-woven geotechnological cloth has advantages such as the power height, corrosion-resistant, the water permeability is good, construction convenience, and firm connection between the upper surface that second emulsified asphalt layer can also make fine grain formula asphalt concrete layer and coarse grain formula asphalt concrete layer to promote whole motor vehicle lane's structural firmness, durability.
The invention may further be configured in a preferred example that the non-motor vehicle lane comprises, arranged from bottom to top: the concrete asphalt concrete waterproof coating comprises a macadam subbase layer, a C25 water-permeable concrete layer, a third emulsified asphalt layer, a medium-grain type water-permeable asphalt concrete layer, a fourth emulsified asphalt layer and a fine-grain type water-permeable asphalt concrete layer.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, firm connection between the upper surface on the third emulsified asphalt layer can make the medium grain formula asphalt concrete layer that permeates water and the C25 concrete layer that permeates water, firm connection between the upper surface on the fourth emulsified asphalt layer can also make the fine grain formula asphalt concrete layer that permeates water and the medium grain formula asphalt concrete layer that permeates water to promote whole non-motor vehicle lane's structural firmness, durability.
The invention may in a preferred example be further configured such that the recessed green sheet comprises: the water-permeable road surface stone comprises a gravel water-filtering layer, a drain pipe, a first water-permeable geotextile, a second water-permeable geotextile, a planting soil layer, a concrete backrest seat and a curb;
the utility model discloses a road stone, including drain pipe, rubble filter layer, the drain pipe is laid in the rubble filter layer, a plurality of wash ports have been seted up on the drain pipe, the parcel has the first geotechnological cloth that permeates water of round on the perisporium of drain pipe, rubble filter layer is located motor vehicle way with between the non-motor vehicle way, the centre of rubble filter layer is recessed to be arranged, the geotechnological cloth that permeates water of second is laid in the upper surface of rubble filter layer, planting soil layer locates in the cavity of rubble filter layer, concrete back seat is provided with two rows and locates respectively the both sides of rubble filter layer, the curb install in on the concrete back seat, the top of curb is higher than motor vehicle way with the road surface on non.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the recessed greenbelt of above-mentioned structural design, stable in structure not only, but also have better drainage effect, the rainwater can permeate to planting in the soil layer, the interior unnecessary infiltration of planting soil layer can progressively permeate the second geotechnological cloth that permeates water, rubble drainage layer, then pass the second geotechnological cloth that permeates water, the wash port, concentrate the discharge in flowing to the drain pipe, can guarantee that the water in the recessed greenbelt can not pile up for a long time, avoid the interior green root phenomenon of planting of recessed greenbelt to be difficult for appearing rotten root, promote the survival rate of green planting.
In summary, the invention includes at least one of the following beneficial technical effects:
1. the stirring piles are added, so that the whole road structure has a firm supporting foundation and is not easy to settle, meanwhile, because the pipe gallery is formed by pouring reinforced concrete, the problem of dislocation is not easy to occur relative to a culvert pipe splicing structure, supporting piles need to be added in the construction process and do not need to be removed at the later stage of construction, the supporting piles can be directly reserved as a foundation building for stabilizing the pipe gallery, simultaneously, in the process of pouring and forming the pipe gallery, a top reinforcing member and a side reinforcing member can be pre-buried in advance, the top of the pipe gallery and a concrete top reinforcing member can be connected into a whole by the top reinforcing member at the later stage, the side reinforcing member can connect the side part of the pipe gallery and the supporting piles into a whole, when the pipe gallery has a dislocation trend due to vibration, the top concrete protective layer and the supporting piles must be driven to be dislocated together, so that the difficulty of dislocation of the pipe gallery, the integral structure is more stable;
2. the added leveling support layer can enable the motor vehicle lane, the concave green belt and the non-motor vehicle lane to have a relatively flat and firm construction foundation, so that the construction is more convenient, and the structure is more stable.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic cross-sectional structural view of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the layer structure of a motor vehicle lane in an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the layer structure of a non-motorized lane in an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a concave green belt according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a pre-buried frame in the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged view at A in FIG. 1;
FIG. 7 is a partial structural schematic view of a side reinforcement in an embodiment of the present invention.
Reference numerals: 1. a vehicle lane; 11. breaking a lower base course; 12. a medium base course of crushed stone; 13. a cement concrete base layer; 14. a first emulsified asphalt layer; 15. polypropylene non-woven geotextile; 16. a coarse-grained asphalt concrete layer; 17. a second emulsified asphalt layer; 18. a fine particle type asphalt concrete layer; 2. recessing the green belt; 21. a water filtering layer for breaking stones; 22. a drain pipe; 23. a first water-permeable geotextile; 24. a second water-permeable geotextile; 25. planting a soil layer; 26. a concrete back rest base; 27. a curb; 3. a non-motorized lane; 31. a crushed stone sub-base layer; 32. c25 pervious concrete layer; 33. a third emulsified asphalt layer; 34. a medium grain type pervious asphalt concrete layer; 35. a fourth emulsified asphalt layer; 36. a fine-grained pervious asphalt concrete layer; 4. leveling the supporting layer; 41. a macadam bottom layer; 42. a geogrid; 43. a U-shaped nail; 5. a pipe gallery; 6. supporting piles; 7. a concrete top protective layer; 8. a top stiffener; 81. pre-burying a frame; 811. a cross beam; 812. fixing the rod; 82. an anchor rod; 83. clamping the nut; 84. steel wire mesh; 9. a side reinforcement; 91. a steel plate; 911. sinking a groove; 92. a pull rod; 93. a horizontal bar; 94. a first nut; 95. a second nut; 10. and (5) stirring the piles.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Referring to fig. 1, the invention discloses a road structure with a pipe gallery arranged at the bottom, comprising: the concrete pavement structure comprises a motor vehicle lane 1, a concave green belt 2, a non-motor vehicle lane 3, stirring piles 10, a pipe gallery 5, support piles 6, a concrete top protection layer 7, a top reinforcing member 8, side reinforcing members 9 and a leveling support layer 4.
A plurality of stirring piles 10 are arranged at intervals, two rows of supporting piles 6 are arranged on the two sides of the pipe gallery 5 respectively, one row of supporting piles 6 are located between the pipe gallery 5 and the stirring piles 10, the pipe gallery 5 is formed by pouring reinforced concrete, a concrete top protecting layer 7 is arranged above the pipe gallery 5 at intervals, backfill soil is arranged in gaps among the stirring piles 10, the supporting piles 6, the concrete top protecting layer 7 and the pipe gallery 5 to form a roadbed, the upper surface of the concrete top protecting layer 7 is flush with the top surface of the stirring piles 10, and a leveling supporting layer 4 is laid on the upper surface of the concrete top protecting layer 7; a top reinforcing member 8 is fixedly connected between the top of the pipe gallery 5 and the concrete top protective layer 7, and a side reinforcing member 9 is fixedly connected between the side edge of the pipe gallery 5 and the support pile 6; the motor vehicle lane 1, the concave green belt 2 and the non-motor vehicle lane 3 are all laid on the leveling support layer 4, the concave green belt 2 is provided with two belts which are respectively positioned at two sides of the motor vehicle lane 1, and the non-motor vehicle lane 3 is provided with two belts which are respectively positioned at one side of the concave green belt 2 away from the motor vehicle lane 1.
The top reinforcement 8 includes: pre-buried frame 81 and stock 82, pre-buried frame 81 are steel material and pre-buried in the top of piping lane 5, and stock 82 is provided with many and vertical layout, and the bottom of stock 82 is fixed in pre-buried frame 81's top, and during concrete top protective layer 7 was stretched into at the top of stock 82, during the construction, buried pre-buried frame 81 underground earlier in the template at the top of piping lane 5, then welded stock 82 again, poured into shaping piping lane 5 again. Pre-buried frame 81 is pre-buried in piping lane 5's top, the structural strength at piping lane 5's top has not only been strengthened, stock 82 is then difficult for the slippage concrete top protection layer 7, consequently pre-buried frame 81 cooperates stock 82, can make piping lane 5 and concrete top protection layer 7 connect as an organic wholely, thereby effectively prevent that stock 82 from breaking away from concrete top protection layer 7, promote the firm in connection nature at the top of concrete top protection layer 7 and piping lane 5, above-mentioned structural design's 8 simple manufacture of top reinforcement, and is with low costs, it is more convenient to construct the installation.
The leveling support layer 4 comprises: the gravel bottom layer 41, the geogrid 42 and the U-shaped nails 43, wherein the geogrid 42 is laid on the gravel bottom layer 41 and fixed through the U-shaped nails 43, and the openings of the U-shaped nails 43 are arranged downwards. Geogrid 42 has that tensile strength is high, the extension power is little, tear strength is big, the difference of length and breadth intensity is little, it is stand wear and tear, it is corrosion-resistant, matter is light, with advantages such as soil or rubble interlocking power is strong, effectively strengthen the soil body and shear and reinforcement improve the wholeness and the loading capacity of the soil body, rubble bottom 41 provides stable basis for laying geogrid 42, and U-shaped nail 43 can be comparatively firm fixing on rubble bottom 41 with geogrid 42 in addition, above-mentioned structural design's the supporting layer 4 of making level has good structural stability.
Geogrid 42 is made for the snore fiber material, and geogrid 42 is fixed with staple 43 after taut, and staple 43 interval is 2m, and geogrid 42 overlap joint width is less than 20cm, and the overlap joint position of different aspect should stagger each other.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the vehicle lane 1 includes, in order from bottom to top: the asphalt concrete base comprises a macadam lower base layer 11, a macadam middle base layer 12, a cement concrete base layer 13, a first emulsified asphalt layer 14, a polypropylene non-woven geotextile 15, a coarse-grained asphalt concrete layer 16, a second emulsified asphalt layer 17 and a fine-grained asphalt concrete layer 18. The thickness of the lower base course 11 and the middle base course 12 of the macadam is 18 cm, the thickness of the cement concrete base course 13 is 22 cm, the bending tensile strength of the cement concrete base course is greater than or equal to 4.5MPa, the thickness of the coarse-grain asphalt concrete layer 16 is 8 cm, the thickness of the fine-grain asphalt concrete layer 18 is 4 cm, and the first emulsified asphalt layer 14 and the second emulsified asphalt layer 17 are formed by brushing PC-3 type emulsified asphalt.
First emulsified asphalt layer 14 can make firm connection between polypropylene non-woven geotechnique's cloth 15 and the upper surface of cement concrete basic unit 13, and polypropylene non-woven geotechnique's cloth 15 has advantages such as the reinforce height, corrosion-resistant, the water permeability is good, construction convenience, and second emulsified asphalt layer 17 can also make firm connection between the upper surface of fine grain formula asphalt concrete layer 18 and coarse grain formula asphalt concrete layer 16 to promote whole motorway 1's structural firmness, durability.
As shown in fig. 1 and 3, the non-motor vehicle lane 3 includes, in order from bottom to top: the concrete waterproof asphalt pavement comprises a macadam subbase layer 31, a C25 pervious concrete layer 32, a third emulsified asphalt layer 33, a medium-grain pervious asphalt concrete layer 34, a fourth emulsified asphalt layer 35 and a fine-grain pervious asphalt concrete layer 36. The thickness of the macadam subbase layer 31 and the C25 pervious concrete layer 32 is 20cm, the thickness of the medium-grain pervious asphalt concrete layer 34 is 5 cm, the thickness of the fine-grain pervious asphalt concrete layer 36 is 4 cm, and the third emulsified asphalt layer 33 and the fourth emulsified asphalt layer 35 are formed by brushing PC-3 type emulsified asphalt. Firm connection between the upper surface that third emulsified asphalt layer 33 can make the medium grain formula asphalt concrete layer that permeates water 34 and C25 pervious concrete layer 32, firm connection between the upper surface that fourth emulsified asphalt layer 35 can also make the fine grain formula asphalt concrete layer 36 that permeates water and the medium grain formula asphalt concrete layer 34 that permeates water to promote whole non-motor vehicle lane 3's structural firmness, durability.
As shown in fig. 1 and 4, the recessed green belt 2 includes: the water-filtering and water-removing device comprises a gravel water-filtering layer 21, a drain pipe 22, a first permeable geotextile 23, a second permeable geotextile 24, a planting soil layer 25, a concrete backrest seat 26 and a curb 27; the drain pipe 22 is laid in rubble drainage layer 21, a plurality of wash ports have been seted up on the drain pipe 22, the parcel has the first geotechnological cloth 23 that permeates water of round on the perisporium of drain pipe 22, rubble drainage layer 21 is located between motorway 1 and non-motorway 3, the centre of rubble drainage layer 21 is recessed to be arranged, the upper surface of rubble drainage layer 21 is laid to the geotechnological cloth 24 that permeates water of second, plant soil layer 25 and locate in the cavity of rubble drainage layer 21, concrete back seat 26 is provided with two rows and locates the both sides of rubble drainage layer 21 respectively, curb 27 is installed on concrete back seat 26, the top of curb 27 is higher than the road surface of motorway 1 and non-motorway 3.
Above-mentioned structural design's recessed greenbelt 2, stable in structure not only, but also have better drainage effect, the rainwater can permeate to planting soil layer 25 in, unnecessary infiltration can progressively permeate the second geotechnological cloth 24 that permeates water in planting soil layer 25, rubble drainage layer 21, then pass the second geotechnological cloth 24 that permeates water, the wash port, flow to concentrate the discharge in drain pipe 22, can guarantee that the water in recessed greenbelt 2 can not pile up for a long time, avoid the interior green of recessed greenbelt 2 to plant the difficult mashed root phenomenon that appears, promote the survival rate of green planting.
As shown in fig. 1 and 5, the embedded frame 81 includes: crossbeam 811 and dead lever 812, crossbeam 811, dead lever 812 all are provided with many, and dead lever 812 welded fastening is between adjacent crossbeam 811, and dead lever 812 is perpendicular to crossbeam 811, and crossbeam 811 is square steel pipe or I-steel. Crossbeam 811 and the pre-buried frame 81 that dead lever 812 formed, not only structural strength is high, and is not easy for bending deformation, pre-buried frame 81 is pre-buried after the top of piping lane 5, and the structural strength at the top of piping lane 5 obtains obvious reinforcing, above-mentioned structural design's pre-buried frame 81 moreover, simple manufacture, cost of manufacture are low.
Referring to fig. 1 and 6, the top of each anchor rod 82 is provided with a threaded section, the threaded section is provided with two clamping nuts 83, a steel wire mesh 84 is arranged between the tops of the anchor rods 82, the steel wire mesh 84 is horizontally arranged and embedded in the concrete top protective layer 7, the steel wire mesh 84 is clamped and fixed to the top of each anchor rod 82 through the two clamping nuts 83, and the steel wire mesh 84 is laid before the concrete top protective layer 7 is poured. Through increasing multiunit clamp nut 83 and wire net 84, connect the top of many stock 82 as an organic wholely to effectively prevent that stock 82 from breaking away from concrete top jacket 7, further promote the firm in connection nature at concrete top jacket 7 and piping lane 5's top, the degree of difficulty that reinforcing piping lane 5 took place the dislocation reduces the probability that piping lane 5 took place the dislocation, has promoted the steadiness of whole road structure.
As shown in fig. 1 and 7 in combination, the side reinforcement 9 includes: steel plate 91, pull rod 92, cross bar 93, first nut 94 and second nut 95; steel sheet 91 laminates in pipe gallery 5's inside wall, horizontal bar 93 is provided with a plurality ofly and laminates in a side that pipe gallery 5 was kept away from to fender pile 6, pull rod 92 is provided with many and level settings, steel sheet 91 is run through respectively at pull rod 92's both ends, clearance between two adjacent fender piles 6, pull rod 92's both ends all are provided with screw thread portion, screw thread portion and first nut 94, the assembly of second nut 95 screw thread, the tight fixed steel sheet 91 of inside wall clamp of first nut 94 cooperation pipe gallery 5, the tight fixed horizontal bar 93 of side clamp of second nut 95 cooperation fender pile 6.
Pull rod 92 cooperates first nut 94, second nut 95, can be taut at an organic whole with steel sheet 91 and horizontal strip 93 to connect the side of piping lane 5 and fender pile 6 as an organic whole, strengthen the degree of difficulty that piping lane 5 took place the dislocation, reduce the probability that piping lane 5 took place the dislocation, promoted whole road structure's steadiness, above-mentioned structural design's side reinforcement 9 simple manufacture, with low costs moreover, construction installation is more convenient.
The inside wall of steel sheet 91 is provided with heavy groove 911, and a tip of pull rod 92 is located heavy groove 911, and first nut 94 holding is in heavy groove 911, and heavy groove 911 can avoid the tip of pull rod 92 and first nut 94 protrusion in steel sheet 91 surface to can ensure that the internal surface of piping lane 5 is comparatively level and smooth.
The implementation principle of the embodiment is as follows: the stirring piles 10 are added, so that the whole road structure has a firm supporting foundation and is not easy to settle, meanwhile, because the pipe gallery 5 is formed by pouring reinforced concrete, the problem of dislocation is not easy to occur compared with a culvert pipe splicing structure, the supporting piles 6 are required to be added in the construction process, the supporting piles 6 are not required to be dismantled at the later construction stage, the supporting piles can be directly reserved as a foundation building for stabilizing the pipe gallery 5, meanwhile, in the process of pouring and forming the pipe gallery 5, the top reinforcing members 8 and the side reinforcing members 9 can be pre-embedded in advance, the top of the pipe gallery 5 and the concrete top protective layer 7 can be connected into a whole by the later-stage top reinforcing members 8, the side reinforcing members 9 can connect the side parts of the pipe gallery 5 and the supporting piles 6 into a whole, when the pipe gallery 5 has a dislocation trend due to vibration, the concrete top protective layer 7 and the supporting piles 6 must be driven to be dislocated together, the difficulty of dislocation of the pipe gallery 5 is greatly increased, and the whole structure is more stable; the added leveling support layer 4 can enable the motor vehicle lane 1, the concave green belt 2 and the non-motor vehicle lane 3 to have a relatively flat and firm construction foundation, so that the construction is more convenient, and the structure is more stable.
The embodiments of the present invention are preferred embodiments of the present invention, and the scope of the present invention is not limited by these embodiments, so: all equivalent changes made according to the structure, shape and principle of the invention are covered by the protection scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a bottom is provided with road structure of piping lane which characterized in that includes: the concrete pavement structure comprises a motor vehicle lane (1), a concave green belt (2), a non-motor vehicle lane (3), stirring piles (10), a pipe gallery (5), support piles (6), a concrete top protective layer (7), a top reinforcing member (8), a side reinforcing member (9) and a leveling support layer (4);
the concrete gallery is characterized in that a plurality of stirring piles (10) are arranged at intervals, two rows of supporting piles (6) are arranged and are respectively arranged on two sides of the pipe gallery (5), one row of the supporting piles (6) is positioned between the pipe gallery (5) and the stirring piles (10), the pipe gallery (5) is formed by pouring reinforced concrete, concrete top protective layers (7) are arranged above the pipe gallery (5) at intervals, backfill soil is arranged in gaps among the stirring piles (10), the supporting piles (6), the concrete top protective layers (7) and the pipe gallery (5) to form a roadbed, the upper surface of each concrete top protective layer (7) is flush with the top surface of each stirring pile (10), and a leveling supporting layer (4) is laid on the upper surface of each stirring pile (10);
the top reinforcing piece (8) is fixedly connected between the top of the pipe gallery (5) and the concrete top protective layer (7), and the side reinforcing piece (9) is fixedly connected between the side edge of the pipe gallery (5) and the support pile (6);
motor vehicle lane (1), recessed greenbelt (2) and non-motor vehicle lane (3) all lay in make level on supporting layer (4), recessed greenbelt (2) are provided with two and are located respectively the both sides of motor vehicle lane (1), non-motor vehicle lane (3) are provided with two and are located respectively recessed greenbelt (2) are kept away from one side of motor vehicle lane (1).
2. Road structure provided with a pipe gallery at the bottom according to claim 1, characterized in that the top reinforcement (8) comprises: pre-buried frame (81) and stock (82), pre-buried frame (81) for steel material and pre-buried in the top of piping lane (5), stock (82) are provided with many and vertical arrangement, the bottom of stock (82) is fixed in the top of pre-buried frame (81), the top of stock (82) stretches into in concrete top sheath (7).
3. Road structure with pipe gallery according to claim 2, characterized in that the pre-buried frame (81) comprises: crossbeam (811) and dead lever (812), crossbeam (811) dead lever (812) all are provided with many, dead lever (812) welded fastening is adjacent between crossbeam (811), just dead lever (812) perpendicular to crossbeam (811), crossbeam (811) are square steel pipe or I-steel.
4. The road structure with the bottom provided with the pipe gallery according to claim 2, characterized in that the top of the anchor rod (82) is provided with a threaded section, the threaded section is provided with two clamping nuts (83), a plurality of steel wire meshes (84) are arranged between the tops of the anchor rod (82), the steel wire meshes (84) are horizontally arranged and embedded in the concrete top protective layer (7), and the steel wire meshes (84) are clamped and fixed at the top of the anchor rod (82) through the two clamping nuts (83).
5. Road structure with bottom provided with a pipe gallery according to claim 1, characterized in that the side reinforcement (9) comprises: the steel plate (91), the pull rod (92), the cross bar (93), the first nut (94) and the second nut (95);
steel sheet (91) laminate in the inside wall of pipe gallery (5), horizontal bar (93) be provided with a plurality ofly and laminate in prop up fender pile (6) and keep away from a side of pipe gallery (5), pull rod (92) are provided with many and level settings, the both ends of pull rod (92) are run through respectively steel sheet (91), adjacent two prop up clearance between fender pile (6), the both ends of pull rod (92) all are provided with screw thread portion, screw thread portion with first nut (94) second nut (95) screw assembly, first nut (94) cooperation the inside wall of pipe gallery (5) presss from both sides tightly fixedly steel sheet (91), second nut (95) cooperation the side of prop up fender pile (6) presss from both sides tightly fixedly horizontal bar (93).
6. Road structure with bottom provided with a pipe gallery according to claim 5, characterized in that the inner side wall of the steel plate (91) is provided with a sunk groove (911), one end of the tie rod (92) is located in the sunk groove (911), and the first nut (94) is housed in the sunk groove (911).
7. Road structure provided with a pipe gallery at the bottom according to claim 1, characterized in that the leveling support layer (4) comprises: the gravel bottom layer (41), the geogrid (42) and the U-shaped nails (43), the geogrid (42) is laid on the gravel bottom layer (41) and fixed through the U-shaped nails (43), and the openings of the U-shaped nails (43) are arranged downwards.
8. Road structure provided with a pipe gallery at the bottom according to claim 1, characterized in that the vehicle lane (1) comprises, arranged in sequence from bottom to top: the concrete cement asphalt base course comprises a lower gravel base course (11), a middle gravel base course (12), a cement concrete base course (13), a first emulsified asphalt layer (14), a polypropylene non-woven geotextile (15), a coarse-grained asphalt concrete layer (16), a second emulsified asphalt layer (17) and a fine-grained asphalt concrete layer (18).
9. Road structure provided with a pipe gallery at the bottom according to claim 1, characterized in that the non-motorized lane (3) comprises, arranged in sequence from bottom to top: the concrete waterproof asphalt comprises a macadam subbase layer (31), a C25 water-permeable concrete layer (32), a third emulsified asphalt layer (33), a medium-grain water-permeable asphalt concrete layer (34), a fourth emulsified asphalt layer (35) and a fine-grain water-permeable asphalt concrete layer (36).
10. Road structure with bottom provided with a pipe gallery according to claim 1, characterized in that the lowered green belt (2) comprises: the water-permeable road surface stone comprises a gravel water-filtering layer (21), a drain pipe (22), a first water-permeable geotextile (23), a second water-permeable geotextile (24), a planting soil layer (25), a concrete backrest seat (26) and a curb stone (27);
the drainage pipe (22) is laid in the gravel water filtering layer (21), a plurality of drainage holes are arranged on the drainage pipe (22), the peripheral wall of the drain pipe (22) is wrapped with a circle of first permeable geotextile (23), the gravel water-filtering layer (21) is arranged between the motor vehicle lane (1) and the non-motor vehicle lane (3), the middle of the gravel water filtering layer (21) is arranged in a concave way, the second permeable geotextile (24) is laid on the upper surface of the gravel water filtering layer (21), the planting soil layer (25) is arranged in the concave cavity of the gravel water filtering layer (21), the concrete back rest seats (26) are arranged in two rows and are respectively arranged at two sides of the gravel water filtering layer (21), the curb (27) is mounted on the concrete backrest seat (26), and the top of the curb (27) is higher than the road surface of the motor vehicle lane (1) and the non-motor vehicle lane (3).
CN201911222684.9A 2019-12-03 2019-12-03 Road structure with pipe gallery arranged at bottom Pending CN110924251A (en)

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Cited By (2)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112982064A (en) * 2021-03-16 2021-06-18 中国港湾工程有限责任公司 Anti-rutting asphalt pavement paving method
CN115142308A (en) * 2022-06-23 2022-10-04 扬州市建筑设计研究院有限公司 Greening rooting rejuvenation expansion type road structure and construction method thereof

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CN107794942A (en) * 2017-10-30 2018-03-13 中国冶集团有限公司 Riverbed comprehensive pipe gallery structure and its construction method are worn under one kind
CN208072456U (en) * 2018-01-17 2018-11-09 上海市地下空间设计研究总院有限公司 A kind of underground pipe gallery and underground garage connecting taxiway structure based on road
CN109296385A (en) * 2018-10-23 2019-02-01 杭州市市政工程集团有限公司 A kind of reinforcement means of the large span mountain tunnel hole top soil body
CN110042724A (en) * 2019-04-30 2019-07-23 中国市政工程西北设计研究院有限公司 Collapsible Loess District road sponge facility rainwater catchment system and exhaust system

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FR2684133A1 (en) * 1991-04-24 1993-05-28 Wieczorek Julien System for converting railway tunnels into motorway tunnels having two levels with 3 or 4 lanes
CN201351254Y (en) * 2009-01-09 2009-11-25 长沙理工大学 Combined type pavement structure base on breakage cement concrete
CN102926304A (en) * 2012-11-28 2013-02-13 中铁第四勘察设计院集团有限公司 Reinforcement method and reinforcement structure for treating railway soft soil roadbed settlement overweight before operation
CN203729175U (en) * 2013-12-30 2014-07-23 浙江大学城市学院 Pile-net composite foundation structure
CN204491683U (en) * 2015-02-26 2015-07-22 济南轨道交通集团有限公司 A kind of ruggedized construction to municipal piping lane existing within the scope of deep pit digging
CN105369824A (en) * 2015-10-29 2016-03-02 周兆弟 Cement mixing pile protective underground pipe gallery
CN107794942A (en) * 2017-10-30 2018-03-13 中国冶集团有限公司 Riverbed comprehensive pipe gallery structure and its construction method are worn under one kind
CN208072456U (en) * 2018-01-17 2018-11-09 上海市地下空间设计研究总院有限公司 A kind of underground pipe gallery and underground garage connecting taxiway structure based on road
CN109296385A (en) * 2018-10-23 2019-02-01 杭州市市政工程集团有限公司 A kind of reinforcement means of the large span mountain tunnel hole top soil body
CN110042724A (en) * 2019-04-30 2019-07-23 中国市政工程西北设计研究院有限公司 Collapsible Loess District road sponge facility rainwater catchment system and exhaust system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112982064A (en) * 2021-03-16 2021-06-18 中国港湾工程有限责任公司 Anti-rutting asphalt pavement paving method
CN115142308A (en) * 2022-06-23 2022-10-04 扬州市建筑设计研究院有限公司 Greening rooting rejuvenation expansion type road structure and construction method thereof

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