CN110860341A - Hammer mill - Google Patents

Hammer mill Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110860341A
CN110860341A CN201810985321.XA CN201810985321A CN110860341A CN 110860341 A CN110860341 A CN 110860341A CN 201810985321 A CN201810985321 A CN 201810985321A CN 110860341 A CN110860341 A CN 110860341A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
crushing
crushing motor
main shaft
box body
box
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810985321.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵树志
田文广
杜春彩
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Tangshan Three Fat Prin Feed Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Tangshan Three Fat Prin Feed Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Tangshan Three Fat Prin Feed Co Ltd filed Critical Tangshan Three Fat Prin Feed Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810985321.XA priority Critical patent/CN110860341A/en
Publication of CN110860341A publication Critical patent/CN110860341A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/20Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with two or more co-operating rotors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N17/00Apparatus specially adapted for preparing animal feeding-stuffs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/282Shape or inner surface of mill-housings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/282Shape or inner surface of mill-housings
    • B02C13/284Built-in screens

Abstract

A hammer mill relates to the technical field of feed processing equipment. It contains frame base, smashes the box, smashes room, first crushing motor, the crushing motor of second, main shaft, rotor shaft sleeve, hammer leaf, sieve piece board, sieve mesh, pan feeding funnel, fan, collection powder device, collection powder case, installation convex cover, frame base upper surface is provided with crushing box, smashes the inside crushing room that is provided with of box, smashes box left side surface and has set gradually first crushing motor, the crushing motor of second after to in the past, and first crushing motor all is provided with the main shaft with the drive end of the crushing motor of second. After the technical scheme is adopted, the invention has the beneficial effects that: simple structure, use value is high, and the effectual crushing effect that improves the fodder has reduced fodder granule granularity, improves fodder finished product quality, helps the animal to digest and absorb, has good crushing effect to the great fodder of hardness, has comparatively extensive practical range.

Description

Hammer mill
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of feed processing equipment, in particular to a hammer type crusher.
Background
The term "feed" is a general term for food of all human-raised animals, and in a narrow sense, a general feed mainly refers to food of agricultural or animal-raised animals. The Feed (Feed) comprises more than ten kinds of Feed raw materials such as soybean, soybean meal, corn, fish meal, amino acid, miscellaneous meal, whey powder, grease, meat and bone meal, grains, Feed additives and the like.
The crushing of the feed raw materials is an important link in feed processing, the surface area of feed particles per unit mass can be increased by crushing the feed, so that the solubility of feed nutrients in animal digestive juice is increased, the digestibility of animals is improved, and meanwhile, the difficulty degree and the finished product quality of subsequent processes are directly influenced by the size of the granularity of the crushed raw materials. The smaller the crushed particles are, the more beneficial the animals can digest and absorb nutrients, and the quality of the finished product granulated in the later period is facilitated.
Feed processing refers to the production and processing activities of feed suitable for farm, farmer, livestock, poultry, including the production of pet food.
With the development and progress of the breeding industry, the animal breeding by using feed products with higher economic value to replace raw material grains becomes mainstream gradually, the situation of scattered breeding of the small farmers is changed gradually, the structure of large-scale and mechanized breeding is obviously increased in recent years, and the change can powerfully drive the increase of the demand of industrial feed. Therefore, the feed industry will keep growing for a long time in the future, and the growing space of the industry is large, which constitutes the most important development opportunity of the industry.
However, hammer mill in the current market is complex in structure, low in use value, difficult to effectively improve the crushing effect of the feed, large in feed particle size, low in feed finished product quality, not beneficial to digestion and absorption of animals, poor in crushing effect of the feed with high hardness, and small in practical range.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects and shortcomings of the prior art, the invention provides the hammer type crusher which is simple in structure and high in use value, effectively improves the crushing effect of the feed, reduces the particle size of the feed, improves the quality of the finished feed, is beneficial to digestion and absorption of animals, has a good crushing effect on the feed with high hardness, and has a wider practical range.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme: the crusher comprises a frame base 1, a crushing box body 2, a crushing chamber 3, a first crushing motor 4, a second crushing motor 5, a main shaft 6, a rotor shaft sleeve 7, hammer sheets 8, a sieve sheet plate 9, sieve holes 10, a feeding funnel 11, a fan 12, a powder collecting device 13, a powder collecting box 14 and a mounting convex cover 15, wherein the crushing box body 2 is arranged on the upper surface of the frame base 1, the crushing chamber 3 is arranged in the crushing box body 2, the first crushing motor 4 and the second crushing motor 5 are sequentially arranged on the left side surface of the crushing box body 2 from front to back, the main shaft 6 is arranged at the driving ends of the first crushing motor 4 and the second crushing motor 5, the main shaft 6 is transversely arranged in the crushing chamber 3, the tail end of the main shaft 6 is arranged on the sieve sheet plate 9, the sieve sheet plate 9 is embedded on the right surface of the crushing chamber 3, the rotor shaft sleeve 7 is arranged outside the main shaft 6, and a plurality of hammer sheets 8, evenly be provided with a plurality of sieve mesh 10 on the sieve sheet board 9, smash 2 upper ends of box and be provided with pan feeding funnel 11, smash 2 right surfaces of box and be provided with fan 12, fan 12 right side is provided with powder collection device 13, and powder collection device 13 right side is provided with powder collection box 14, smashes 2 front surfaces of box and is provided with installation convex cover 15.
The crushing box body 2 is connected with a feeding funnel 11 through a transition neck body 111. Smash box 2 and be connected with pan feeding funnel 11 through excessive neck body 111, can prevent the fodder spill when the fodder is smashed, play the excessive effect of good distance.
And the outsides of the first crushing motor 4 and the second crushing motor 5 are respectively provided with a protection box 41. First crushing motor 4, the outside of second crushing motor 5 all are provided with guard box 41, and guard box 41 can protect the drive end of first crushing motor 4, second crushing motor 5 and first crushing motor 4, second crushing motor 5 not receive external environment pollution, and the reduction damages.
The main shaft 6, the rotor shaft sleeve 7 and the hammer sheet 8 are integrally formed. The main shaft 6, the rotor shaft sleeve 7 and the hammer sheet 8 are integrally formed, so that the connection relation between the main shaft and the rotor shaft sleeve can be enhanced, and the stability and firmness between the main shaft and the rotor shaft sleeve are enhanced.
The lower end of the powder collecting box 14 is provided with a powder discharging screw cap 141. The lower end of the powder collecting box 14 is provided with a powder discharging screw cap 141, which is beneficial to discharging the feed from the powder collecting box 14.
Two convex cover handles 151 are uniformly arranged at the upper end of the surface of the mounting convex cover 15. The upper end of the surface of the mounting convex cover 15 is evenly provided with two convex cover handles 151, which are convenient for pulling to open the mounting convex cover 15.
The mesh number of the sieve pores (10) is 5-20 meshes. The mesh number of the sieve pores (10) can be set according to actual requirements, and the use requirements are met.
After the technical scheme is adopted, the invention has the beneficial effects that: simple structure, use value is high, and the effectual crushing effect that improves the fodder has reduced fodder granule granularity, improves fodder finished product quality, helps the animal to digest and absorb, has good crushing effect to the great fodder of hardness, has comparatively extensive practical range.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a left side view corresponding to FIG. 1;
fig. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the sieve plate 9 in the present invention.
Description of reference numerals: the machine frame comprises a machine frame base 1, a crushing box body 2, a crushing chamber 3, a first crushing motor 4, a second crushing motor 5, a main shaft 6, a rotor shaft sleeve 7, a hammer 8, a sieve plate 9, sieve holes 10, a feeding funnel 11, a fan 12, a powder collecting device 13, a powder collecting box 14, a mounting convex cover 15, a protection box 41, a transition neck body 111, a powder discharging rotary cover 141 and a convex cover handle 151.
Detailed Description
Referring to fig. 1 to fig. 3, the technical solution adopted by the present embodiment is: the crusher comprises a frame base 1, a crushing box body 2, a crushing chamber 3, a first crushing motor 4, a second crushing motor 5, a main shaft 6, a rotor shaft sleeve 7, hammer sheets 8, a sieve sheet plate 9, sieve holes 10, a feeding funnel 11, a fan 12, a powder collecting device 13, a powder collecting box 14 and a mounting convex cover 15, wherein the crushing box body 2 is arranged on the upper surface of the frame base 1, the crushing chamber 3 is arranged in the crushing box body 2, the first crushing motor 4 and the second crushing motor 5 are sequentially arranged on the left side surface of the crushing box body 2 from front to back, the main shaft 6 is arranged at the driving ends of the first crushing motor 4 and the second crushing motor 5, the main shaft 6 is transversely arranged in the crushing chamber 3, the tail end of the main shaft 6 is arranged on the sieve sheet plate 9, the sieve sheet plate 9 is embedded on the right surface of the crushing chamber 3, the rotor shaft sleeve 7 is arranged outside the main shaft 6, and a plurality of hammer sheets 8, evenly be provided with a plurality of sieve mesh 10 on the sieve sheet board 9, smash 2 upper ends of box and be provided with pan feeding funnel 11, smash 2 right surfaces of box and be provided with fan 12, fan 12 right side is provided with powder collection device 13, and powder collection device 13 right side is provided with powder collection box 14, smashes 2 front surfaces of box and is provided with installation convex cover 15.
The crushing box body 2 is connected with a feeding funnel 11 through a transition neck body 111. Smash box 2 and be connected with pan feeding funnel 11 through excessive neck body 111, can prevent the fodder spill when the fodder is smashed, play the excessive effect of good distance.
And the outsides of the first crushing motor 4 and the second crushing motor 5 are respectively provided with a protection box 41. First crushing motor 4, the outside of second crushing motor 5 all are provided with guard box 41, and guard box 41 can protect the drive end of first crushing motor 4, second crushing motor 5 and first crushing motor 4, second crushing motor 5 not receive external environment pollution, and the reduction damages.
The main shaft 6, the rotor shaft sleeve 7 and the hammer sheet 8 are integrally formed. The main shaft 6, the rotor shaft sleeve 7 and the hammer sheet 8 are integrally formed, so that the connection relation between the main shaft and the rotor shaft sleeve can be enhanced, and the stability and firmness between the main shaft and the rotor shaft sleeve are enhanced.
The lower end of the powder collecting box 14 is provided with a powder discharging screw cap 141. The lower end of the powder collecting box 14 is provided with a powder discharging screw cap 141, which is beneficial to discharging the feed from the powder collecting box 14.
Two convex cover handles 151 are uniformly arranged at the upper end of the surface of the mounting convex cover 15. The upper end of the surface of the mounting convex cover 15 is evenly provided with two convex cover handles 151, which are convenient for pulling to open the mounting convex cover 15.
The working principle of the invention is as follows: the first crushing motor 4 and the second crushing motor 5 are opened, the main shaft 6 is driven to rotate, so that the hammer sheets 8 on the rotor shaft sleeve 7 are driven to move, feed is put into the crushing box body 2 from the feeding hopper 11 at the moment, the excessive neck body 111 can prevent the feed from splashing when the feed is crushed, a good distance excessive effect is achieved, the feed is beaten back and forth between the hammer sheets 8, qualified feed is discharged to the outside of the crushing box body 2 through the sieve holes 10 on the sieve sheet plate 9, unqualified feed is rebounded by the sieve sheet plate 9 and continuously beaten back and forth between the hammer sheets 8, the fan 12 plays a role of assisting, the discharge efficiency is improved, the powder collecting device 13 separates air and feed powder, the powder collecting box 14 plays a role in collecting feed powder, the arrangement of the installation convex cover 15 is convenient for opening the crushing box body 2, the maintenance and the replacement of components in the crushing chamber 3 are convenient, the convex cover handle 151 is convenient for pulling to open the installation convex, the arrangement of the flour discharging rotary cover 141 is beneficial to discharging the feed from the flour collecting box 14, and the frame base 1 plays a role of supporting the sheet type pulverizer.
The mesh number of the sieve pores (10) is 5-20 meshes. The mesh number of the sieve pores (10) can be set according to actual requirements, and the use requirements are met.
After the technical scheme is adopted, the invention has the beneficial effects that: simple structure, use value is high, and the effectual crushing effect that improves the fodder has reduced fodder granule granularity, improves fodder finished product quality, helps the animal to digest and absorb, has good crushing effect to the great fodder of hardness, has comparatively extensive practical range.
The above description is only for the purpose of illustrating the technical solutions of the present invention and not for the purpose of limiting the same, and other modifications or equivalent substitutions made by those skilled in the art to the technical solutions of the present invention should be covered within the scope of the claims of the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the technical solutions of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a hammer mill which characterized in that: the crusher comprises a frame base (1), a crushing box body (2), a crushing chamber (3), a first crushing motor (4), a second crushing motor (5), a main shaft (6), a rotor shaft sleeve (7), a hammer (8), a sieve plate (9), sieve holes (10), a feeding funnel (11), a fan (12), a powder collecting device (13), a powder collecting box (14) and a mounting convex cover (15), wherein the upper surface of the frame base (1) is provided with the crushing box body (2), the crushing chamber (3) is arranged in the crushing box body (2), the left side surface of the crushing box body (2) is sequentially provided with the first crushing motor (4) and the second crushing motor (5) from front to back, the driving ends of the first crushing motor (4) and the second crushing motor (5) are respectively provided with the main shaft (6), the main shaft (6) is transversely arranged in the crushing chamber (3), and the tail end of the main shaft (6) is arranged on the sieve plate (9), the sieve plate (9) is inlaid and arranged on the right surface of the crushing chamber (3), a rotor shaft sleeve (7) is arranged outside the main shaft (6), a plurality of hammer sheets (8) are uniformly arranged on the rotor shaft sleeve (7), a plurality of sieve holes (10) are uniformly arranged on the sieve plate (9), a feeding funnel (11) is arranged at the upper end of the crushing box body (2), a fan (12) is arranged on the right surface of the crushing box body (2), a powder collecting device (13) is arranged on the right side of the fan (12), a powder collecting box (14) is arranged on the right side of the powder collecting device (13), and an installation convex cover (15) is arranged on the front surface of the crushing box body (2).
2. The hammer mill of claim 1, wherein: the crushing box body (2) is connected with the feeding funnel (11) through a transition neck body (111).
3. The hammer mill of claim 1, wherein: and the outer parts of the first crushing motor (4) and the second crushing motor (5) are respectively provided with a protective box (41).
4. The hammer mill of claim 1, wherein: the main shaft (6), the rotor shaft sleeve (7) and the hammer sheet (8) are integrally formed.
5. The hammer mill of claim 1, wherein: the lower end of the powder collecting box (14) is provided with a powder discharging spiral cover (141).
6. The hammer mill of claim 1, wherein: two convex cover handles (151) are uniformly arranged at the upper end of the surface of the mounting convex cover (15).
7. The hammer mill of claim 1, wherein: the mesh number of the sieve pores (10) is 5-20 meshes.
CN201810985321.XA 2018-08-27 2018-08-27 Hammer mill Pending CN110860341A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810985321.XA CN110860341A (en) 2018-08-27 2018-08-27 Hammer mill

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810985321.XA CN110860341A (en) 2018-08-27 2018-08-27 Hammer mill

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110860341A true CN110860341A (en) 2020-03-06

Family

ID=69651236

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810985321.XA Pending CN110860341A (en) 2018-08-27 2018-08-27 Hammer mill

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110860341A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114100808A (en) * 2021-11-25 2022-03-01 哈尔滨学院 Horizontal crushing equipment of milling for feed processing

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114100808A (en) * 2021-11-25 2022-03-01 哈尔滨学院 Horizontal crushing equipment of milling for feed processing

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