CN110757169A - Cutting and polishing integrated device for aluminum alloy machining and using method thereof - Google Patents

Cutting and polishing integrated device for aluminum alloy machining and using method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110757169A
CN110757169A CN201911185679.5A CN201911185679A CN110757169A CN 110757169 A CN110757169 A CN 110757169A CN 201911185679 A CN201911185679 A CN 201911185679A CN 110757169 A CN110757169 A CN 110757169A
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cutting
fixed
aluminum alloy
plate
bevel gear
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CN110757169B (en
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张燕
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CHIZHOU JIUHUA MINGKUN ALUMINUM CO LTD
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P23/00Machines or arrangements of machines for performing specified combinations of different metal-working operations not covered by a single other subclass
    • B23P23/04Machines or arrangements of machines for performing specified combinations of different metal-working operations not covered by a single other subclass for both machining and other metal-working operations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/25Movable or adjustable work or tool supports
    • B23Q1/26Movable or adjustable work or tool supports characterised by constructional features relating to the co-operation of relatively movable members; Means for preventing relative movement of such members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/08Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated
    • B23Q3/082Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated hydraulically actuated
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q5/00Driving or feeding mechanisms; Control arrangements therefor
    • B23Q5/02Driving main working members
    • B23Q5/04Driving main working members rotary shafts, e.g. working-spindles
    • B23Q5/10Driving main working members rotary shafts, e.g. working-spindles driven essentially by electrical means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q5/00Driving or feeding mechanisms; Control arrangements therefor
    • B23Q5/22Feeding members carrying tools or work
    • B23Q5/34Feeding other members supporting tools or work, e.g. saddles, tool-slides, through mechanical transmission

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Optics & Photonics (AREA)
  • Finish Polishing, Edge Sharpening, And Grinding By Specific Grinding Devices (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a cutting and polishing integrated device for aluminum alloy processing, which comprises a bearing frame body and a sliding mechanism arranged on the bearing frame body, wherein a cutting device and a polishing device are arranged on the sliding mechanism, and the cutting device and the polishing device are connected through a linkage device; the invention also discloses a using method of the integrated device. According to the invention, through the arrangement of the linkage device, one motor can simultaneously control the synchronous autorotation motion of the cutting saw and the grinding roller, and the mode of simultaneously controlling one motor is not only easy to control and operate, but also can play a role in saving energy; due to the arrangement of the transmission mechanisms of the gear and the rack, different machining sites of the same aluminum alloy can be machined, the whole process is automatic, and the machining efficiency is improved; the processing equipment disclosed by the invention not only can simultaneously realize the cutting of the aluminum alloy and the burr polishing after the cutting, and reduce the complexity of operation, but also has the advantages of good processing precision and high processing efficiency, and is suitable for the processing of the aluminum alloy.

Description

Cutting and polishing integrated device for aluminum alloy machining and using method thereof
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of aluminum alloy processing, and particularly relates to a cutting and polishing integrated device for aluminum alloy processing and a using method thereof.
Background
Aluminum alloy is one of the alloys and typically has a density of 1.8g·cm-3On the other hand, the low density of aluminum alloys improves their specific properties. The aluminum alloy casting has the characteristics of low density and high strength, so that the aluminum alloy casting has huge application prospects in transportation, aviation industry and aerospace industry. When the aluminum alloy is processed into a casting or a workpiece, the aluminum alloy needs to be cut and polished after cutting.
Chinese patent No. CN200520060219.7 discloses an aluminum alloy section stamping press, which comprises an upper die plate, a lower die plate, guide pillars, a frame, a motor, a lifting switch, a belt pulley transmission device, a worm gear reduction box, eccentric wheels and connecting rods, wherein the motor and the worm gear reduction box are arranged at two ends of an inner beam of the frame and connected together by the belt pulley transmission device, the power output end of the worm gear reduction box is connected with an eccentric wheel rotating shaft supported on a beam bearing, and the two eccentric wheels are arranged on the eccentric wheel rotating shaft below the two guide pillars and hinged with the lower ends of the guide pillars through the connecting rods. Adopt this utility model can show and reduce workman ground intensity of labour, improve work efficiency, structural design is reasonable moreover, and it is very convenient to use. However, such a press machine is poor in machining accuracy and cannot simultaneously perform a grinding operation, so that the machining operation is complicated.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a cutting and polishing integrated device for aluminum alloy processing and a using method thereof, wherein a motor can simultaneously control synchronous autorotation motion of a cutting saw and a grinding roller through the arrangement of a linkage device; through the arrangement of the air cylinder, not only can intermittent operation be realized, but also the cutting saw is enabled to move downwards while rotating, a downward stamping effect is formed, and the cutting precision of the aluminum alloy can be improved; the cutting saw is not an instantaneous process in the process of cutting the aluminum alloy, so that the rotating grinding roller can fully grind burrs cut in the previous process; in addition, the clamping frame can clamp and fix the aluminum alloy to be processed through the hydraulic cylinder, so that the aluminum alloy can be effectively fixed in the processing process, and the processing precision is improved; due to the arrangement of the transmission mechanisms of the gear and the rack, different machining sites of the same aluminum alloy can be machined, the whole process is automatic, and the machining efficiency is improved; the processing equipment disclosed by the invention not only can simultaneously realize the cutting of the aluminum alloy and the burr polishing after the cutting, and reduce the complexity of operation, but also has the advantages of good processing precision and high processing efficiency, and is suitable for the processing of the aluminum alloy.
The purpose of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme:
a cutting and polishing integrated device for aluminum alloy processing comprises a bearing frame body and a sliding mechanism arranged on the bearing frame body, wherein a cutting device and a polishing device are arranged on the sliding mechanism, and the cutting device and the polishing device are connected through a linkage device;
the bearing frame body comprises a cubic frame, two opposite bearing plates are fixed on the upper surface of the cubic frame, two first support rods which are arranged in parallel are arranged on the surface of each bearing plate in a penetrating mode, a C-shaped frame is further fixed on the inner side surface of each bearing plate, a gear is arranged in each C-shaped frame, a rack is connected and arranged between the two gears and is meshed with the gear, and one gear is connected with a first motor;
the sliding mechanism comprises a sliding plate, and the sliding plate is fixed on the rack through a connecting block; bearing blocks are fixed at four corners of the lower surface of the sliding plate, a first circular through hole is formed in the surface of each bearing block, the first circular through holes are in sliding fit with the first supporting rods, and the bearing blocks are slidably mounted on the first supporting rods; the upper surface of the sliding plate is fixedly provided with a clamping frame, a mounting frame and a cylinder structure;
the clamping frame comprises an L-shaped plate, a first clamping plate is fixed on the surface of a vertical plate of the L-shaped plate, a hydraulic cylinder is fixed on the upper surface of a horizontal plate of the L-shaped plate, and a second clamping plate is fixed on a piston end of the hydraulic cylinder; the mounting frame comprises two first mounting plates which are oppositely arranged, the first mounting plates are fixed on the upper surface of the sliding plate, and second circular through holes are formed in the surfaces of the first mounting plates; the cylinder structure comprises two second mounting plates which are oppositely arranged, the second mounting plates are fixed on the upper surface of the sliding plate, second supporting rods are fixed on the surface of the second mounting plates, cylinder connecting blocks are rotatably connected onto the second supporting rods and fixed on the lower surface of a cylinder base, and piston ends of the cylinders are mounted on the cutting device;
the cutting device comprises two Z-shaped plates which are arranged in parallel, a box body is fixed between the Z-shaped plates, the linkage device is arranged in the box body, a third supporting rod is also fixed between the two Z-shaped plates, a piston connecting block is rotatably connected onto the third supporting rod, the piston connecting block is rotatably connected with the third supporting rod, and the piston connecting block is fixed at the piston end of the cylinder; the cutting device also comprises a cutting saw which is fixed on the linkage device;
the polishing device comprises a polishing roller, a roller shaft is fixed at the center of the surface of the end side of the polishing roller, and the roller shaft is arranged on the linkage device;
the linkage device comprises a first shaft lever, the first shaft lever is arranged on a side plate of the box body and is rotationally connected with the side plate, one end of the first shaft lever is connected with a second motor, the second motor is fixed on the outer surface of the box body, and a first bevel gear is fixed at the other end of the first shaft lever; the linkage device further comprises a second shaft lever and a third shaft lever, the second shaft lever and the third shaft lever are respectively arranged on the two Z-shaped plates in a penetrating mode and are in rotating connection with the Z-shaped plates, a second bevel gear is fixed to one end of the second shaft lever, a cutting saw is fixed to the other end of the second shaft lever, and the second bevel gear is meshed with the first bevel gear; a third bevel gear is fixed at one end of the third shaft rod, a fourth bevel gear is fixed at the other end of the third shaft rod, and the third bevel gear is meshed with the first bevel gear; the linkage device further comprises a first side plate and a second side plate which are arranged in parallel, the first side plate and the second side plate are vertically fixed on the surface of the Z-shaped plate, a fourth shaft lever penetrates through the surfaces of the first side plate and the second side plate, a fifth bevel gear and a first belt pulley are fixed on the fourth shaft lever, and the fifth bevel gear is meshed with the fourth bevel gear; the surface of the second side plate is also provided with a roll shaft in a penetrating way, the roll shaft is connected with the second side plate in a rotating way, the other end of the roll shaft is fixed with a second belt wheel, the second belt wheel is connected with the first belt wheel through a belt, and the second belt wheel and the first belt wheel are in belt transmission.
Furthermore, the two bearing plates are arranged along the width direction of the cubic frame.
Furthermore, a connecting block is fixed at the center of the lower surface of the sliding plate, a butting block is connected onto the connecting block through a first bolt, and the rack penetrates through the space between the connecting block and the butting block and is screwed and fixed through the first bolt, so that the sliding mechanism is fixed on the rack.
Furthermore, a cutting groove is formed in the surfaces of the first clamping plate and the second clamping plate in the vertical direction, and the cutting saw is located on one side of the Z-shaped plate and is located right above the cutting groove.
Further, a cutting saw protective cover is arranged above the cutting saw and fixed on the surface of the Z-shaped plate.
Furthermore, a fourth supporting rod is further fixed on the surface of the Z-shaped plate and matched with the second round through hole, and the fourth supporting rod is rotatably installed on the first installation plate.
Further, the grinding roller and the cutting saw are respectively positioned on two sides of the cutting frame.
The use method of the cutting and polishing integrated device for aluminum alloy processing is characterized by comprising the following specific steps of:
s1, placing the aluminum alloy to be processed between the first clamping plate and the second clamping plate, and controlling the hydraulic cylinder to enable the first clamping plate and the second clamping plate to clamp the aluminum alloy to be processed;
s2, starting a second motor, and enabling the cutting saw and the grinding roller to rotate under the driving action of the second motor and the transmission action of the linkage device;
s3, controlling the cylinder to enable the cutting saw and the grinding roller to do downward arc motion, cutting the aluminum alloy by the rotary cutting saw, and grinding burrs of the aluminum alloy cut by the previous program by the rotary grinding roller;
s4, after the cutting and polishing process is completed, controlling the air cylinder to enable the cutting saw and the grinding roller to do upward return arc motion, controlling the hydraulic cylinder to enable the first clamping plate and the second clamping plate to loosen the aluminum alloy, starting the first motor connected with the gear, enabling the sliding mechanism to move along the rack under the driving action of the first motor, enabling the whole sliding mechanism to move to the next machining site of the aluminum alloy, and repeating the operations of the steps S1-S3 to complete the cutting and polishing process of the aluminum alloy.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the gear is connected with the first motor, the first motor can enable the rack to be continuously transmitted in the process of driving the gear to rotate so as to drive the sliding mechanism fixed on the rack to slide, the sliding mechanism can drive the cutting device and the polishing device which are arranged on the sliding mechanism to move along with the sliding mechanism along the direction of the rack, and automatic material cutting is further realized;
2. the second motor drives the first shaft rod to rotate, drives the first bevel gear fixed on the first shaft rod to rotate, drives the second shaft rod and the third shaft rod to rotate through meshing transmission among the bevel gears, and the second shaft rod is connected with the cutting saw so as to drive the disc-shaped cutting saw to rotate; the third shaft rod drives a fourth bevel gear fixed on the third shaft rod to rotate, the fourth bevel gear is meshed with a fifth bevel gear to drive a fourth shaft rod to rotate, the fourth shaft rod drives a first belt pulley fixed on the fourth shaft rod to rotate, and the fourth shaft rod drives a roller shaft to rotate through transmission of a belt pulley so as to drive the grinding roller to rotate;
3. according to the arrangement of the clamping frame, the first clamping plate and the second clamping plate can be clamped by controlling the hydraulic cylinder, and the hydraulic cylinder is controlled to clamp the aluminum alloy to be processed; the cutting frame of the cutting device is connected to the piston end of the cylinder, so that the cutting saw and the grinding roller can do arc motion at a certain angle by controlling the cylinder, the rotary cutting saw cuts the section, and the rotary grinding roller polishes the cut aluminum alloy burrs to complete integrated operation;
4. according to the invention, through the arrangement of the linkage device, one motor can simultaneously control the synchronous autorotation motion of the cutting saw and the grinding roller, and the mode of simultaneously controlling one motor is not only easy to control and operate, but also can play a role in saving energy; through the arrangement of the air cylinder, not only can intermittent operation be realized, but also the cutting saw is enabled to move downwards while rotating, a downward stamping effect is formed, and the cutting precision of the aluminum alloy can be improved; the cutting saw is not an instantaneous process in the process of cutting the aluminum alloy, so that the rotating grinding roller can fully grind burrs cut in the previous process; in addition, the clamping frame can clamp and fix the aluminum alloy to be processed through the hydraulic cylinder, so that the aluminum alloy can be effectively fixed in the processing process, and the processing precision is improved; due to the arrangement of the transmission mechanisms of the gear and the rack, different machining sites of the same aluminum alloy can be machined, the whole process is automatic, and the machining efficiency is improved; the processing equipment disclosed by the invention not only can simultaneously realize the cutting of the aluminum alloy and the burr polishing after the cutting, and reduce the complexity of operation, but also has the advantages of good processing precision and high processing efficiency, and is suitable for the processing of the aluminum alloy.
Drawings
In order to facilitate understanding for those skilled in the art, the present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an integrated cutting and polishing device for aluminum alloy processing according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a carrier body of the cutting and polishing integrated device for aluminum alloy processing according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a sliding mechanism of the cutting and polishing integrated device for aluminum alloy processing according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a sliding mechanism of the cutting and polishing integrated device for aluminum alloy processing according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a sliding mechanism of the cutting and polishing integrated device for aluminum alloy processing according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic partial structural view of an integrated cutting and polishing device for aluminum alloy processing according to the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of a portion of the structure of FIG. 6;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of a portion of the structure of FIG. 6;
fig. 9 is a schematic structural diagram of a linkage device of the cutting and polishing integrated device for aluminum alloy processing.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the following embodiments, and it should be understood that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-9, a cutting and polishing integrated device for aluminum alloy processing is shown in fig. 1, and includes a bearing frame body 1 and a sliding mechanism 2 mounted on the bearing frame body 1, wherein the sliding mechanism 2 is provided with a cutting device 3 and a polishing device 4, and the cutting device 3 and the polishing device 4 are connected through a linkage device 5;
as shown in fig. 2, the carrier body 1 includes a cubic frame 11, two opposite carrier plates 12 are fixed on the upper surface of the cubic frame 11, the two carrier plates 12 are arranged along the width direction of the cubic frame 11, two first support rods 13 arranged in parallel are installed on the surfaces of the carrier plates 12 in a penetrating manner, a C-shaped frame 14 is further fixed on the inner side surface of the carrier plates 12, a gear 15 is installed in the C-shaped frame 14, a rack 16 is installed between the two gears 15 in a connecting manner, the rack 16 is meshed with the gears 15, one of the gears 15 is connected with a first motor, and the first motor drives the first motor to rotate, so that the rack 16 continuously transmits along the length direction;
as shown in fig. 3, the sliding mechanism 2 includes a sliding plate 21, a connecting block 22 is fixed at the center position of the lower surface of the sliding plate 21, an abutting block 2202 is connected to the connecting block 22 through a first bolt 2201, and the rack 16 passes through between the connecting block 22 and the abutting block 2202 and is screwed and fixed through the first bolt 2201, so that the sliding mechanism 2 is fixed on the rack 16; bearing blocks 23 are fixed at four corners of the lower surface of the sliding plate 21, a first circular through hole 2301 is formed in the surface of each bearing block 23, the first circular through hole 2301 is in sliding fit with the first support rod 13, and the bearing blocks 23 are slidably mounted on the first support rod 13; as shown in fig. 4 and 5, a clamping frame 24, a mounting frame 25 and a cylinder structure 26 are fixed on the upper surface of the sliding plate 21, specifically, the clamping frame 24 includes an L-shaped plate 2401, a first clamping plate 2402 is fixed on the vertical plate surface of the L-shaped plate 2401, a hydraulic cylinder 2403 is fixed on the upper surface of the horizontal plate of the L-shaped plate 2401, the hydraulic cylinder 2403 and a second clamping plate 2404 are fixed on the piston end of the hydraulic cylinder 2403, clamping of the first clamping plate 2402 and the second clamping plate 2404 can be realized by controlling the hydraulic cylinder 2403, and it should be noted that a cutting groove 2405 is formed on the surfaces of the first clamping plate 2402 and the second clamping plate 2404 in the vertical direction; the mounting frame 25 comprises two oppositely arranged first mounting plates 2501, the first mounting plates 2501 are fixed on the upper surface of the sliding plate 21, and second circular through holes 2502 are formed in the surface of the first mounting plates 2501; the cylinder structure 26 comprises two second mounting plates 2601 which are oppositely arranged, the second mounting plates 2601 are fixed on the upper surface of the sliding plate 21, a second supporting rod 2602 is fixed on the surface of the second mounting plate 2601, a cylinder connecting block 2603 is rotatably connected to the second supporting rod 2602, the cylinder connecting block 2603 is fixed on the lower surface of a cylinder base 2604, and the piston end of the cylinder is mounted on the cutting device 3;
as shown in fig. 6-8, the cutting device 3 includes a cutting frame, the cutting frame includes two Z-shaped plates 32 arranged in parallel, a box 33 is fixed between the Z-shaped plates 32, the linkage device 5 is installed in the box 33, a third support rod 34 is fixed between the two Z-shaped plates 32, a piston connecting block 35 is rotatably connected to the third support rod 34, the piston connecting block 35 is rotatably connected to the third support rod 34, and the piston connecting block 35 is fixed to the piston end of the cylinder; the cutting device 3 further comprises a cutting saw 36, the cutting saw 36 is fixed on the linkage device 5, and the cutting saw 36 is positioned on one side of one Z-shaped plate 32 and is positioned right above the cutting groove 2405; preferably, a dicing saw guard 37 is further disposed above the dicing saw 36, and the dicing saw guard 37 is fixed on the surface of the Z-shaped plate 32; a fourth supporting rod 38 is further fixed on the surface of the Z-shaped plate 32, the fourth supporting rod 38 is matched with the second circular through hole 2502, and the fourth supporting rod 38 is rotatably mounted on the first mounting plate 2501;
the grinding device 4 comprises a grinding roller 41, a roller shaft 42 is fixed at the center of the end side surface of the grinding roller 41, and the roller shaft 42 is installed on the linkage device 5; the grinding roller 41 and the cutting saw 36 are respectively positioned at two sides of the cutting frame;
as shown in fig. 9, the linkage 5 includes a first shaft 51, the first shaft 51 is mounted on a side plate of the box 33 and rotatably connected with the side plate, one end of the first shaft 51 is connected with a second motor 52, the second motor 52 is fixed on the outer surface of the box 33, and the other end of the first shaft 51 is fixed with a first bevel gear 53; the linkage device 5 further comprises a second shaft rod 54 and a third shaft rod 55, the second shaft rod 54 and the third shaft rod 55 are respectively installed on the two Z-shaped plates 32 in a penetrating mode and are in rotating connection with the Z-shaped plates 32, one end of the second shaft rod 54 is fixedly provided with a second bevel gear 5401, the other end of the second shaft rod is fixedly provided with a cutting saw 36, and the second bevel gear 5401 is meshed with the first bevel gear 53; a third bevel gear 5501 is fixed at one end of the third shaft lever 55, a fourth bevel gear 5502 is fixed at the other end of the third shaft lever, and the third bevel gear 5501 is meshed with the first bevel gear 53; the linkage device 5 further comprises a first side plate 56 and a second side plate 57 which are arranged in parallel, the first side plate 56 and the second side plate 57 are both vertically fixed on the surface of the Z-shaped plate 32, a fourth shaft rod 58 penetrates through the surfaces of the first side plate 56 and the second side plate 57, a fifth bevel gear 5801 and a first pulley 5802 are fixed on the fourth shaft rod 58, and the fifth bevel gear 5801 is meshed with the fourth bevel gear 5502; the surface of the second side plate 57 is also provided with a roller shaft 42 in a penetrating way, the roller shaft 42 is rotatably connected with the second side plate 57, the other end of the roller shaft 42 is fixed with a second belt wheel 5701, the second belt wheel 5701 is connected with a first belt wheel 5802 through a belt 59, and the second belt wheel 5701 and the first belt wheel 5802 are driven through the belt 59;
this aluminum alloy processing is with cutting integrative device of polishing's theory of operation and mode:
the gear 15 is connected with a first motor, the first motor can enable the rack 16 to continuously transmit in the process of driving the gear 15 to rotate, so as to drive the sliding mechanism 2 fixed on the rack to slide, the sliding mechanism 2 can drive the cutting device 3 and the polishing device 4 arranged on the sliding mechanism to move along with the sliding along the direction of the rack 16, and further automatic material cutting is realized;
the second motor 52 drives the first shaft rod 51 to rotate, drives the first bevel gear 53 fixed on the first shaft rod to rotate, and drives the second shaft rod 54 and the third shaft rod 55 to rotate through meshing transmission among the bevel gears, and the second shaft rod 54 is connected with the cutting saw 36 so as to drive the disc-shaped cutting saw 36 to rotate; the third shaft lever 55 drives a fourth bevel gear 5502 fixed on the third shaft lever to rotate, the fourth bevel gear 5502 is meshed with a fifth bevel gear 5801 to drive a fourth shaft lever 58 to rotate, the fourth shaft lever 58 drives a first belt pulley 5802 fixed on the fourth shaft lever to rotate, and the roller shaft 42 is driven to rotate through transmission of the belt pulleys, so that the grinding roller 41 is driven to rotate;
in addition, the clamping frame 24 can realize the clamping of the first clamping plate 2402 and the second clamping plate 2404 by controlling the hydraulic cylinder 2403, and the hydraulic cylinder 2403 is controlled to clamp the aluminum alloy to be processed; the cutting frame of the cutting device 3 is connected to the piston end of the cylinder, so that the cutting saw 36 and the grinding roller 41 can do arc motion at a certain angle by controlling the cylinder, the rotary cutting saw 36 cuts the section, and the rotary grinding roller 41 polishes the cut aluminum alloy burrs to complete integrated operation;
the specific use method is as follows:
s1, placing the aluminum alloy to be processed between the first clamping plate 2402 and the second clamping plate 2404, and controlling the hydraulic cylinder 2403 to enable the first clamping plate 2402 and the second clamping plate 2404 to clamp the aluminum alloy to be processed;
s2, starting the second motor 52, and enabling the cutting saw 36 and the grinding roller 41 to rotate under the driving action of the second motor 52 and the transmission action of the linkage device 5;
s3, controlling the cylinder to enable the cutting saw 36 and the grinding roller 41 to do downward arc motion, cutting the aluminum alloy by the rotating cutting saw 36, and grinding burrs of the aluminum alloy cut by the rotating grinding roller 41 in the previous procedure;
s4, after the cutting and polishing process is finished, controlling the air cylinder to enable the cutting saw 36 and the grinding roller 41 to do upward-returning arc-shaped motion, controlling the hydraulic cylinder 2403 to enable the first clamping plate 2402 and the second clamping plate 2404 to loosen the aluminum alloy, starting a first motor connected with the gear 15, moving the sliding mechanism 2 along the rack 16 under the driving action of the first motor, enabling the whole sliding mechanism 2 to move to the next machining point of the aluminum alloy, and repeating the operation of the steps S1-S3 to finish the cutting and polishing process of the aluminum alloy;
the equipment enables one motor to simultaneously control the synchronous autorotation motion of the cutting saw and the grinding roller through the arrangement of the linkage device, and the mode of simultaneously controlling one motor is not only easy to control and operate, but also can play a role in saving energy; through the arrangement of the air cylinder, not only can intermittent operation be realized, but also the cutting saw is enabled to move downwards while rotating, a downward stamping effect is formed, and the cutting precision of the aluminum alloy can be improved; the cutting saw is not an instantaneous process in the process of cutting the aluminum alloy, so that the rotating grinding roller can fully grind burrs cut in the previous process; in addition, the clamping frame can clamp and fix the aluminum alloy to be processed through the hydraulic cylinder, so that the aluminum alloy can be effectively fixed in the processing process, and the processing precision is improved; due to the arrangement of the transmission mechanisms of the gear and the rack, different machining sites of the same aluminum alloy can be machined, the whole process is automatic, and the machining efficiency is improved; the processing equipment disclosed by the invention not only can simultaneously realize the cutting of the aluminum alloy and the burr polishing after the cutting, and reduce the complexity of operation, but also has the advantages of good processing precision and high processing efficiency, and is suitable for the processing of the aluminum alloy.
The preferred embodiments of the invention disclosed above are intended to be illustrative only. The preferred embodiments are not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise embodiments disclosed. Obviously, many modifications and variations are possible in light of the above teaching. The embodiments were chosen and described in order to best explain the principles of the invention and the practical application, to thereby enable others skilled in the art to best utilize the invention. The invention is limited only by the claims and their full scope and equivalents.

Claims (8)

1. A cutting and polishing integrated device for aluminum alloy processing is characterized by comprising a bearing frame body (1) and a sliding mechanism (2) arranged on the bearing frame body (1), wherein a cutting device (3) and a polishing device (4) are arranged on the sliding mechanism (2), and the cutting device (3) and the polishing device (4) are connected through a linkage device (5);
the bearing frame body (1) comprises a cubic frame (11), two opposite bearing plates (12) are fixed on the upper surface of the cubic frame (11), two first supporting rods (13) arranged in parallel are installed on the surface of each bearing plate (12) in a penetrating mode, a C-shaped frame (14) is further fixed on the inner side surface of each bearing plate (12), gears (15) are installed in the C-shaped frames (14), a rack (16) is installed between the two gears (15) in a connecting mode, the rack (16) is meshed with the gears (15), and one gear (15) is connected with a first motor;
the sliding mechanism (2) comprises a sliding plate (21), and the sliding plate (21) is fixed on the rack (16) through a connecting block (22); bearing blocks (23) are fixed at four corners of the lower surface of the sliding plate (21), a first circular through hole (2301) is formed in the surface of each bearing block (23), each first circular through hole (2301) is in sliding fit with each first supporting rod (13), and each bearing block (23) is slidably mounted on each first supporting rod (13); a clamping frame (24), a mounting frame (25) and an air cylinder structure (26) are fixed on the upper surface of the sliding plate (21);
the clamping frame (24) comprises an L-shaped plate (2401), a first clamping plate (2402) is fixed on the surface of a vertical plate of the L-shaped plate (2401), a hydraulic cylinder (2403) is fixed on the upper surface of a horizontal plate of the L-shaped plate (2401), and a second clamping plate (2404) is fixed on a piston end of the hydraulic cylinder (2403); the mounting frame (25) comprises two first mounting plates (2501) which are arranged oppositely, the first mounting plates (2501) are fixed on the upper surface of the sliding plate (21), and second circular through holes (2502) are formed in the surface of the first mounting plates (2501); the cylinder structure (26) comprises two second mounting plates (2601) which are oppositely arranged, the second mounting plates (2601) are fixed on the upper surface of the sliding plate (21), a second supporting rod (2602) is fixed on the surface of the second mounting plates (2601), a cylinder connecting block (2603) is rotatably connected onto the second supporting rod (2602), the cylinder connecting block (2603) is fixed on the lower surface of a cylinder base (2604), and the piston end of a cylinder is mounted on the cutting device (3);
the cutting device (3) comprises two Z-shaped plates (32) which are arranged in parallel, a box body (33) is fixed between the Z-shaped plates (32), the linkage device (5) is installed in the box body (33), a third supporting rod (34) is fixed between the two Z-shaped plates (32), a piston connecting block (35) is rotatably connected onto the third supporting rod (34), the piston connecting block (35) is rotatably connected with the third supporting rod (34), and the piston connecting block (35) is fixed at the piston end of the cylinder; the cutting device (3) further comprises a cutting saw (36), and the cutting saw (36) is fixed on the linkage device (5);
the grinding device (4) comprises a grinding roller (41), a roller shaft (42) is fixed at the center of the end side surface of the grinding roller (41), and the roller shaft (42) is installed on the linkage device (5);
the linkage device (5) comprises a first shaft lever (51), the first shaft lever (51) is installed on a side plate of the box body (33) and is in rotating connection with the side plate, one end of the first shaft lever (51) is connected with a second motor (52), the second motor (52) is fixed on the outer surface of the box body (33), and a first bevel gear (53) is fixed at the other end of the first shaft lever (51); the linkage device (5) further comprises a second shaft lever (54) and a third shaft lever (55), the second shaft lever (54) and the third shaft lever (55) are respectively installed on the two Z-shaped plates (32) in a penetrating mode and are in rotating connection with the Z-shaped plates (32), a second bevel gear (5401) is fixed to one end of the second shaft lever (54), a cutting saw (36) is fixed to the other end of the second shaft lever, and the second bevel gear (5401) is meshed with the first bevel gear (53); a third bevel gear (5501) is fixed at one end of the third shaft lever (55), a fourth bevel gear (5502) is fixed at the other end of the third shaft lever, and the third bevel gear (5501) is meshed with the first bevel gear (53); the linkage device (5) further comprises a first side plate (56) and a second side plate (57) which are arranged in parallel, the first side plate (56) and the second side plate (57) are both vertically fixed on the surface of the Z-shaped plate (32), a fourth shaft lever (58) penetrates through the surfaces of the first side plate (56) and the second side plate (57), a fifth bevel gear (5801) and a first belt wheel (5802) are fixed on the fourth shaft lever (58), and the fifth bevel gear (5801) is meshed with the fourth bevel gear (5502); the surface of the second side plate (57) is also provided with a roller shaft (42) in a penetrating mode, the roller shaft (42) is rotatably connected with the second side plate (57), the other end of the roller shaft (42) is fixedly provided with a second belt wheel (5701), the second belt wheel (5701) is connected with the first belt wheel (5802) through a belt (59), and the second belt wheel and the first belt wheel are transmitted through the belt (59).
2. The cutting and grinding integrated device for the aluminum alloy processing according to claim 1, wherein two bearing plates (12) are arranged along the width direction of the cubic frame (11).
3. The cutting and grinding integrated device for processing the aluminum alloy according to claim 1, wherein a connecting block (22) is fixed at the center of the lower surface of the sliding plate (21), a butting block (2202) is connected to the connecting block (22) through a first bolt (2201), and the rack (16) penetrates between the connecting block (22) and the butting block (2202) and is screwed and fixed through the first bolt (2201), so that the sliding mechanism (2) is fixed on the rack (16).
4. The cutting and grinding integrated device for processing the aluminum alloy according to claim 1, wherein the surfaces of the first clamping plate (2402) and the second clamping plate (2404) are provided with cutting grooves (2405) along the vertical direction, and the cutting saw (36) is positioned on one side of one Z-shaped plate (32) and right above the cutting grooves (2405).
5. The cutting and grinding integrated device for the aluminum alloy processing according to claim 1, wherein a cutting saw shield (37) is further arranged above the cutting saw (36), and the cutting saw shield (37) is fixed on the surface of the Z-shaped plate (32).
6. The cutting and grinding integrated device for processing the aluminum alloy as claimed in claim 1, wherein a fourth support rod (38) is further fixed on the surface of the Z-shaped plate (32), the fourth support rod (38) is matched with the second circular through hole (2502), and the fourth support rod (38) is rotatably mounted on the first mounting plate (2501).
7. The cutting and grinding integrated device for processing the aluminum alloy as recited in claim 1, wherein the grinding roller (41) and the cutting saw (36) are respectively arranged on two sides of the cutting frame.
8. The use method of the cutting and grinding integrated device for machining the aluminum alloy according to claim 1 is characterized by comprising the following specific steps of:
s1, placing the aluminum alloy to be processed between the first clamping plate (2402) and the second clamping plate (2404), and clamping the aluminum alloy to be processed by the first clamping plate (2402) and the second clamping plate (2404) through controlling the hydraulic cylinder (2403);
s2, starting the second motor (52), and enabling the cutting saw (36) and the grinding roller (41) to rotate under the driving action of the second motor (52) and the transmission action of the linkage device (5);
s3, controlling the cylinder to enable the cutting saw (36) and the grinding roller (41) to do downward arc motion, cutting the aluminum alloy by the rotary cutting saw (36), and grinding burrs of the aluminum alloy cut by the rotary grinding roller (41) in the previous procedure;
s4, after the cutting and polishing process is completed, controlling the air cylinder to enable the cutting saw (36) and the grinding roller (41) to do upward-returning arc-shaped motion, controlling the hydraulic cylinder (2403) to enable the first clamping plate (2402) and the second clamping plate (2404) to loosen the aluminum alloy, starting a first motor connected with the gear (15), enabling the sliding mechanism (2) to move along the rack (16) under the driving action of the first motor, enabling the whole sliding mechanism (2) to move to the next machining point of the aluminum alloy, and repeating the operations of the steps S1-S3 to complete the cutting and polishing process of the aluminum alloy.
CN201911185679.5A 2019-11-27 2019-11-27 Cutting and polishing integrated device for aluminum alloy machining and using method thereof Active CN110757169B (en)

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CN111438304A (en) * 2020-04-29 2020-07-24 安徽正兴和光电科技有限公司 Cutting device for cutting steel bars and cutting method thereof
CN112872799A (en) * 2021-01-15 2021-06-01 孟伟莉 Steel processing apparatus is used in electrical engineering installation
CN113400023A (en) * 2021-06-01 2021-09-17 广州燃点装饰材料有限公司 High-precision decorative plate cutting device with online polishing function
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CN115213694A (en) * 2022-04-08 2022-10-21 莆田市荣兴机械有限公司 Automatic slitting and grinding device for drum brake pads
CN116276122A (en) * 2023-05-08 2023-06-23 肇庆创富新材料科技股份有限公司 Processing equipment for environment-friendly aluminum alloy building templates

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CN116276122A (en) * 2023-05-08 2023-06-23 肇庆创富新材料科技股份有限公司 Processing equipment for environment-friendly aluminum alloy building templates
CN116276122B (en) * 2023-05-08 2023-09-15 肇庆创富新材料科技股份有限公司 Processing equipment for environment-friendly aluminum alloy building templates

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