CN110699833A - Comfortable knitted sportswear with patterns - Google Patents

Comfortable knitted sportswear with patterns Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110699833A
CN110699833A CN201910969434.5A CN201910969434A CN110699833A CN 110699833 A CN110699833 A CN 110699833A CN 201910969434 A CN201910969434 A CN 201910969434A CN 110699833 A CN110699833 A CN 110699833A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
yarn
knitting
dial
path
binding
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Pending
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CN201910969434.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄卫
程熙
徐中印
伍嫣
王鸿达
马冬冬
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Xtep China Co Ltd
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Xtep China Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910969434.5A priority Critical patent/CN110699833A/en
Publication of CN110699833A publication Critical patent/CN110699833A/en
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B1/00Weft knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes
    • D04B1/10Patterned fabrics or articles
    • D04B1/12Patterned fabrics or articles characterised by thread material
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B1/00Weft knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes
    • D04B1/14Other fabrics or articles characterised primarily by the use of particular thread materials
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B1/00Weft knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes
    • D04B1/14Other fabrics or articles characterised primarily by the use of particular thread materials
    • D04B1/16Other fabrics or articles characterised primarily by the use of particular thread materials synthetic threads
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2201/00Cellulose-based fibres, e.g. vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/01Natural vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/02Cotton
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2331/00Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products
    • D10B2331/04Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products polyesters, e.g. polyethylene terephthalate [PET]

Abstract

The invention relates to a comfortable and fashionable knitted sportswear, which comprises a clothing body formed by splicing knitted fabrics, wherein the knitted fabrics comprise a surface layer, an inner layer and a yarn binding layer, the surface layer is integrally woven by a double-sided circular knitting machine, the inner layer is used for connecting the surface layer and the inner layer, the surface layer is formed by interweaving surface yarns, the inner layer is formed by interweaving bottom yarns, the yarn binding layer is formed by interweaving yarn binding layers, the surface layer comprises a first weft plain weave area and a first bead ground weave area which are alternately arranged, the inner layer comprises a second weft plain weave area and a second bead ground weave area which are alternately arranged, and the second bead ground weave area is formed by interweaving 100D/36F polyester yarns in a bead ground weave. The invention realizes the complementary advantages of the weft plain weave and the bead ground structure in structure, obviously improves the shape-keeping performance of the surface layer and the inner layer in structure, and the knitted fabric has better extensibility and air permeability and comfortable wearing experience.

Description

Comfortable knitted sportswear with patterns
Technical Field
The invention relates to a comfortable and fashionable knitted sportswear, belonging to the field of clothes.
Background
The knitted fabric is a fabric formed by looping, tucking and floating threads. In the course of weft knitting, a yarn is laid on each knitting needle in turn in a knitting mechanism, each knitting needle forms a stitch row in turn or simultaneously, and each stitch in the row is stringed and sleeved with the corresponding stitch in the previous row, so that the rows are connected with each other, and the transverse and straight stringing and sleeving connection is realized. The tucking is that one or two needle pressing cams at the front and back opposite angles in the weft knitting machine are pushed up to a certain height, when the cams are driven by the machine head to operate, a knitting needle rises to the highest point and then descends to the closing stage without descending, a loop is hung on a needle rod after closing a latch, and at the moment, a needle hook hooks a newly laid yarn; when the machine head reversely runs to weave the next course, the knitting can rise to the top point or fall to the lowest point under the action of the triangle, new yarns form a suspension arc and retreat loops, and then are combined with old coils hung on the needle rod together to form tuck after being jointly knocked off, the coils are stretched to form a breathable mesh, and the suspension arc realizes the oblique connection and string sleeve of adjacent coils. Floating: during weft knitting, some knitting needles do not participate in knitting when passing through one or more paths, and then participate in knitting again, at the moment, the old loops are sleeved with the new loops by crossing over the yarns which do not participate in knitting, and the yarns which are not looped are positioned at the back of the old loops to form floating threads, so that the transverse extensibility of the weft direction can be reduced, the dimensional stability is improved, but the yarns cannot be too long, otherwise the yarns are easy to hook.
The knitted sportswear mainly comprises knitted pullover sweaters, knitted zippers and knitted trousers, has certain warmth retention property and good air permeability, is suitable for being worn in spring and autumn at the air temperature of about 10-20 ℃, and is deeply popular with consumers. In the current market, the mainstream spring and autumn knitting sports suit is mainly realized by adopting the following scheme:
(1) first-generation wired cloth, air layer: the surface layer and the inner layer are both plain weaves, 26S-40S combed cotton is generally selected, 75D-150D polyester yarn is generally selected as the middle yarn binding layer to form a cotton polyester sandwich structure, or 26S-40S combed cotton is selected as the first layer, 50-100D polyester yarn is selected as the second layer, 75-150D polyester yarn is selected as the yarn binding layer to form a cotton polyester sandwich structure, and the advantages that at least one surface is cotton, the surface layer is high in quality and grade, the inner layer is soft and skin-friendly, the cost is low, the thickness is high, the heat retention is good, the hand feeling is stiff and smooth, and the most applications are available at present; the surface layer and the inner layer are made of 50-100D polyester yarns, the yarn binding layer is made of 75-150D polyester yarns, and the polyester sandwich structure is formed.
The surface layer and the lining layer are plain weaved, the binding yarns are connected by double-sided rib weave through thick polyester yarns, the surface layer, the lining layer and the binding yarn layer are connected in a loop mode and are connected in a transverse direction and a straight direction just like a quadrangle, the slant is easy to deform, the ductility is poor, the restorability is poor, the fabric is easy to arch and deform when being worn, the fabric is easy to deform when being washed, and the garment is not durable to wear.
(2) Second generation of yarn-sandwiched cloth, air layer:
the second generation of the silk-sandwiched cloth and the air layer fabric improve the performance of the fabric by changing the binding yarns and the texture.
Changing binding yarns: the surface lining layer can be 26-40S combed cotton or 50-100D polyester yarn, the binding yarn is made of 20-70D spandex to form a spandex clamping structure, the spandex is connected with the surface lining layer in a double-sided rib mode, good elasticity can be obtained, deformation and arching are avoided when the fabric is worn and washed, the structure is very compact through strong contraction of the spandex, the binding yarn layer is very thin, the filling power is insufficient, the thickness is insufficient, and the heat retention property is poor.
Change of tissue: because the most representative tuck weave is bead ground weave, which is a concave-convex weave formed by weaving loops and tucks according to a certain rule, the cloth cover presents a mesh shape, compared with a knitted weft plain weave, the fabric has dry and smooth hand feeling, more shape for wearing, more air and moisture permeability, better heat dissipation, and cooler wearing, but rough hand feeling and poor skin-friendly performance, so that the fabric can only be changed into the bead ground weave from the weft plain weave, the inner layer keeps the weft plain weave, the technical problems of easy arching and easy deformation of the first generation of silk clamping fabric and an air layer can be improved, but the fabric has too rough hand feeling, and the problems of arching and deformation still exist.
Accordingly, the present inventors have made extensive studies to solve the above problems and have made the present invention.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a knitted sportswear which is good in comfort, and good in warmth retention and shape retention.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
a comfortable knitting sportswear, which comprises a clothing body spliced by knitting fabrics, the knitted fabric comprises a surface layer and an inner layer which are integrally knitted by a double-sided circular knitting machine, and a yarn binding layer for connecting the surface layer and the inner layer, wherein the surface layer is formed by interweaving surface yarns, the inner layer is formed by interweaving bottom yarns, the yarn binding layer is formed by interweaving binding yarns, the surface layer comprises a first weft plain area and a first bead ground weave area which are alternately arranged, the first weft plain area is formed by interweaving 40S/1 cotton yarns in a weft plain weave mode, the first bead ground weave area is formed by interweaving 100D/36F polyester yarns in a bead ground weave mode, the binding yarns are 100D/36F polyester yarns, the inner layer comprises second weft plain weave areas and second bead ground weave areas which are alternately arranged, the second weft plain weave areas are formed by interweaving 32S/1 cotton yarns in a weft plain weave mode, and the second bead ground weave areas are formed by interweaving 100D/36F polyester yarns in a bead ground weave mode.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the area ratio of the first weft plain region to the first bead weave region is 3:1, and the area ratio of the second weft plain region to the second bead weave region is 3: 1.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the double-sided circular knitting machine has 48 cycles as one major cycle, one major cycle is divided into four middle cycles, each middle cycle is composed of 12 cycles, each middle cycle is divided into four minor cycles, each minor cycle is composed of 3 cycles, the 1 st to 12 th cycles form a first middle cycle, the 13 th to 24 th cycles form a second middle cycle, the 25 th to 36 th cycles form a third middle cycle, the 37 th to 48 th cycles form a fourth middle cycle,
in the first intermediate cycle: in each small circulation, one path of dial knitting bottom yarn, the lower dial not knitting, the other path of lower dial knitting face yarn, the upper dial knitting, the other path of upper dial and the lower dial alternately knitting binding yarn to form 1+1 rib weave, in the first three small circulations, the face yarn adopts 40S/1 cotton yarn, the bottom yarn adopts 32S/1 cotton yarn, the binding yarn adopts 100D/36F polyester yarn, and in the fourth small circulation, the face yarn, the bottom yarn and the binding yarn all adopt 100D/36F polyester yarn;
in the second cycle: in the first three small cycles, in each small cycle, one path of dial knitting bottom yarn, the lower dial not knitting, the other path of lower dial knitting surface yarn, the upper dial knitting, the other path, the upper dial and the lower dial alternately knitting binding yarn to form 1+1 rib weave, in the first three small cycles, the surface yarn adopts 40S/1 cotton yarn, the bottom yarn adopts 32S/1 cotton yarn, and the binding yarn adopts 100D/36F polyester yarn; in the fourth small circulation, the knitting of the lower dial in one way alternately weaves the face yarn in a looping and tucking mode, the upper dial is not weaved, the knitting of the dial in the other way alternately weaves the bottom yarn in a looping and tucking mode, the lower dial is not weaved, the knitting of the upper dial and the lower dial in the other way alternately weaves the binding yarn to form a 1+1 rib weave, and in the fourth small circulation, the face yarn, the bottom yarn and the binding yarn all adopt 100D/36F polyester yarn;
in the third middle cycle: in each small circulation, one path of dial knitting bottom yarn, the lower dial not knitting, the other path of lower dial knitting face yarn, the upper dial knitting, the other path of upper dial and the lower dial alternately knitting binding yarn to form 1+1 rib weave, in the first three small circulations, the face yarn adopts 40S/1 cotton yarn, the bottom yarn adopts 32S/1 cotton yarn, the binding yarn adopts 100D/36F polyester yarn, and in the fourth small circulation, the face yarn, the bottom yarn and the binding yarn all adopt 100D/36F polyester yarn;
in the fourth middle cycle: in the first three small cycles, in each small cycle, one path of dial knitting bottom yarn, the lower dial not knitting, the other path of lower dial knitting surface yarn, the upper dial knitting, the other path, the upper dial and the lower dial alternately knitting binding yarn to form 1+1 rib weave, in the first three small cycles, the surface yarn adopts 40S/1 cotton yarn, the bottom yarn adopts 32S/1 cotton yarn, and the binding yarn adopts 100D/36F polyester yarn; in the fourth small circulation, the knitting of the lower dial in one way alternately weaves the face yarn in a tucking and looping mode, the upper dial is not weaved, the knitting of the dial in the other way alternately weaves the bottom yarn in a tucking and looping mode, the lower dial is not weaved, the knitting of the upper dial and the lower dial in the other way alternately weaves the binding yarn to form a 1+1 rib weave, and in the fourth small circulation, the face yarn, the bottom yarn and the binding yarn all adopt 100D/36F polyester yarn.
By adopting the technical scheme, the complementary advantages of the weft plain weave and the bead ground structure are structurally realized, the shape retention of the surface layer and the lining layer is structurally obviously improved, the bead ground effect with unobvious concave-convex feeling is formed on the front surface, the front surface hand feeling is close to the softness and fineness of the weft plain weave, and the bead ground effect with almost no concave-convex feeling is formed on the back surface, so that the lining layer hand feeling reaches the softness and fineness of the weft plain weave, the skin-friendly wear is realized, the technical problems that the concave-convex feeling of the common bead ground is obvious and the hand feeling is too rough are improved, and the complementary advantages of the weft plain weave and the bead ground are realized; the advantages of cotton and terylene are complemented in material, and meanwhile, the fabric can have a thicker yarn binding layer, so that the fabric is very thick, can retain a large amount of air and has good heat retention property; meanwhile, the hand feeling is soft and exquisite, and the skin-friendly underwear is very close to skin when worn next to the skin; meanwhile, the knitted fabric has good extensibility and air permeability, and is comfortable to wear.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of the structure of the knitted fabric of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of the weaving principle of the first intermediate cycle in the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic view of the weaving principle of the second loop in the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view of the weaving principle of the third middle loop in the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic view of the weaving principle of the fourth middle loop in the present invention.
In the figure:
top layer 10 and bottom layer 20
Binding yarn layer 30
Detailed Description
In order to further explain the technical scheme of the invention, the following detailed description is combined with the accompanying drawings.
Referring to fig. 1 to 6, a comfortable and comfortable knitted sportswear comprising a garment body spliced by a knitted fabric comprising a face layer 10 integrally knitted by a double-sided circular knitting machine, an inner layer 20 and a binding yarn layer 30 for connecting the face layer 10 and the inner layer 20, the face layer 10 being interwoven by face yarns, the inner layer 20 being interwoven by ground yarns, the binding yarn layer 30 being interwoven by binding yarns, the face layer 10 comprising first plain weave areas and first beaded weave areas alternately arranged, the first plain weave areas being interwoven by 40S/1 cotton yarns in a plain weave, the first beaded weave areas being interwoven by 100D/36F polyester yarns in a beaded weave, the binding yarns being 100D/36F polyester yarns, the inner layer 20 comprising second plain weave areas and second beaded weave areas alternately arranged, the second plain weave areas being interwoven by 32S/1 cotton yarns in a plain weave, the second bead ground structure area is formed by interweaving 100D/36F polyester yarns in a bead ground structure.
In the selection of materials, polyester and cotton yarns are selected, and D of the invention is called denier in the industry and refers to the weight (in grams) of 9000 meters of silk. In the present invention, F means the number of fine fibers in one yarn.
The terylene is stiff, smooth and shaped, has a thermal conductivity coefficient of 0.084W/(m.K) which is slightly higher than that of cotton, is only one third of that of the nylon, has no cool feeling of the nylon when worn close to the body in spring and autumn, has high bulkiness, has stronger air retention capacity, has the warmth retention property which is comparable with that of the cotton, has rough hand feeling and poor skin-friendly property, and is most suitable for being used as a silk-clamping cloth and an air layer as a yarn binding layer 30.
The cotton is soft and skin-friendly, moisture absorption is free of static electricity, the cotton quality sense grade is high, the heat conduction coefficient is 0.071-0.073W/(m.K), the heat conduction coefficient is higher than that of viscose and lower than that of terylene, the cotton is comfortable to wear after being attached to the body in spring and autumn, the filling power is high, the air retaining capability is strong, the cotton has good heat retention, the surface layer 10 and the inner layer 20 which are used as silk clamping cloth and an air layer are suitable, but wrinkles are not easy to disappear, the shape retention is poor, and the cotton is easy to arch and deform when being worn and washed.
Therefore, the invention adopts cotton and terylene as the materials, and solves the problem that the cotton is easy to deform.
The yarns of the surface layer 10 are JC40S/1, a small part of DTY SD 100D/36F polyester yarns, the yarns of the inner layer 20 are JC32S/1, a small part of DTY SD 100D/36F polyester yarns, the binding yarns are DTY SD 100D/36F polyester yarns, JC represents combed pure cotton, and DTY is a tensile textured yarn, and the detailed description is as follows:
① the surface and inner layer 20 uses cotton fiber, 328 the cotton is the standard grade (the first number represents grade, the latter two numbers represent fiber length) stipulated by the national standard, the grade is 3 grade, the fiber length is 28mm, can spin 40-60S cotton yarn, the invention selects the cotton, the fiber length is above 3 grade, the fiber strength is above 28mm, the fiber strength is 4-5cN/dtex, the short fiber rate is 12%, the fiber length is uniform, the impurity rate is 2.5%, the micronaire value is 3.7-4.2, the cotton quality is better among the domestic fine cotton, can make the cotton yarn brute force higher, the surface cleaner, the color better, the evenness more, the defect less, impurity less, improve the problem that the hair feather of the cloth cover is many, the fuzzing is pilling;
②, compact siro spinning is adopted as a spinning mode, the formed fabric is flat and smooth in cloth cover, soft in hand feeling, good in air permeability and extremely high-grade, and the problems of much hairiness and pilling of the cloth cover are further improved;
③ the face layer 10 is JC40S/1, the yarn is thin, so that the face layer 10 is softer and finer in hand feeling, higher in quality feeling and better in smoothness, the two are well balanced, the touch feeling of the cloth surface is poor due to the fact that the yarn count is thick, the quality feeling is reduced, and the smoothness of the face layer 10 is obviously reduced due to the fact that the yarn count is thin;
the inner layer 20 is made of 32S/1, the thickness of the yarn is large, so that the stiffness of the inner layer 20 is improved to the greatest extent on the basis of ensuring the softness and skin friendliness, the balance between the stiffness and the smoothness is good, the thickness of the yarn is large again, the skin friendliness of the inner layer 20 is obviously reduced, the wearing experience is uncomfortable, and the thickness of the yarn is small again, so that the stiffness of the inner layer 20 is obviously reduced;
④ the binding yarn is DTY SD 100D/36F polyester yarn, the denier is more suitable, the denier is smaller, namely 75D is mostly used, and the most common specification of the binding yarn is also used, so that the binding yarn layer 30 is thinned, the air retention capability is greatly reduced, the heat retention is poor, the yarn is thinned, the surface and the inner layer 20 cannot be well supported, the stiffness is also reduced, the denier is larger, namely 150D is rarely used, the surface yarn can be thickened, and the surface layer 10 cannot well cover the binding yarn coil;
the binding yarn is positioned in the middle layer, the terylene material is stiff and smooth, the spinning mode is DTY, the binding yarn belongs to tensile textured yarn, the yarn is curled like a spring, the denier number is very high, the F number is very low, on one hand, the yarn is stiff and hard, so that the fabric is stiff and smooth, on the other hand, the yarn is thick, the middle layer is relatively thick, a large amount of air can be reserved, the fabric is thick and solid, the heat retention property is good, and SD represents half extinction;
in summary, JC40S/1 of the surface layer 10 is equal to 133D, JC32S/1 is equal to 166D, the binding yarns are 100D, the yarns of the surface layer and the lining layer 20 are thicker than the binding yarns, the binding yarn loops can be well covered, the surface layer and the lining layer 20 both have the characteristic of cotton, the cotton yarns of the surface layer 10 are thinner and have better stiffness, the cotton yarns of the lining layer 20 are thickest and have good stiffness, the binding yarns are thinner and have the best stiffness, the surface layer 10 is strongly supported by the binding yarn layers 30 and the lining layer 20, the structure is more stable, and the surface layer and the lining layer 20 have the same yarn count and use 75D polyester as the binding yarns, so that the surface layer and the lining layer have better stiffness and heat retention compared with most of the silk-sandwiched cloth, the air layer and the lining layer 20.
(3) Weaving
The texture structure of the invention is the air layer texture, the surface layer 20 and the inner layer 20 are fine beads, and the detailed description is as follows:
1. 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 25, 29, 31, 35, 37, 41, 43 and 47 are back side coils, namely the lining coil 20;
2. the 4, 8, 10, 14, 16, 20, 22, 26, 28, 32, 34, 38, 40, 44 and 46 paths are front surface coils, namely the surface layer coil 10;
3. the 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21, 24, 27, 30, 33, 36, 39, 42, 45 and 48 lines are 1+1 rib tissues.
①, each 3 paths form 1 small circulation, firstly, the 3 rd path weaves the 1 st loop forming system, uses DTY SD 100D/36F terylene yarn to weave a 1+1 rib row as binding yarn, secondly, the 2 nd path weaves the 2 nd loop forming system, the upper dial does not weave, the lower dial weaves the surface layer 10, the self-weaved front side loop and the already formed 3 rd path 1+1 rib front side loop are strung together, secondly, the 1 st path weaves the 3 rd loop forming system, the lower dial does not weave, the upper dial weaves flat needle, the upper dial weaves the back side layer 20, the self-formed loop and the already formed 3 rd path 1+1 rib loop are strung together.
Through the cooperation of three routes, formed by surface course 10, intermediate level (tie up yarn layer 30 promptly), the air bed organizational structure that inlayer 20 is constituteed, it is very and hard to tie up the yarn, holding surface, inlayer 20 that can be better make the surface fabric stiff and smooth and have the type, and thicker, make the intermediate level thicker, can keep a large amount of air, make the surface fabric than 75D dacron as tying up the yarn more thickly, more cold-proof.
② every 4 small cycles, 12 cycles constitute a middle cycle, and 48 cycles of 4 middle cycles constitute a complete large cycle:
firstly, in the first 3 small cycles in a middle cycle, JC40S/1 is used as the yarn of the surface layer 10, a plain weft is woven, which is equivalent to 133D and is thicker than the middle layer binding yarn 100D, so that the front side rib stitch of 1+1 rib formed by the middle layer binding yarn 100D can be well covered, and the surface layer 10 shows the all-cotton characteristic of JC 40S/1.
Secondly, in the first 3 small cycles in a middle cycle, JC32S/1 is used for the yarns of the inner layer 20, plain weft yarns are woven, which are equivalent to 166D and much thicker than the intermediate layer binding yarns 100D, so that the reverse side rib stitch of 1+1 rib formed by the intermediate layer binding yarns 100D can be well covered, and the inner layer 20 has the all-cotton characteristic of JC 32S/1.
Then, for the 4 th minor cycle of the middle cycle, the yarn of the face layer 10 uses 100D, and in the first middle cycle, plain weft, i.e. loop formation (kkkkkkkkkkkkk); the second middle loop is knitted by looping and tucking (KTKTKTKTKTKTKTKTK), wherein K represents looping and T represents tucking; the third middle-cycle weaving is weft plain weaving, namely looping (KKKKKKKKKKKKK), the fourth middle-cycle weaving is tucking + looping (TKTKTKTKTKT), so that a 4-mode single-bead ground is formed, the oblique connection of tucking is newly increased on the basis of looping transverse and straight connection of the surface layer 10, the surface layer 10 is changed into triangular connection from a first generation of filament clamping cloth and an air layer similar to quadrilateral connection, the connection of the surface layer 10 is more stable, dark twill appears on the surface layer 10, the technical problems that the first generation of filament clamping cloth and the air layer are easy to arch and deform are obviously improved structurally, the surface rib loops of 1+1 rib formed by the middle-layer binding yarn 100D can be better covered as the thickness of the middle-layer binding yarn 100D, even if the surface rib loops leak out certainly, the surface rib loops of the position are the same as the yarn, the polyester characteristic of the position 100D is embodied, and more importantly, each 16 paths of the surface rib loops have a complete 4-mode single-bead cycle, the ratio of the weave of the bead ground is only 25 percent, the other 12 paths are weft plain weaves and are 75 percent, the arrangement is 3 paths of weft plain weaves and 1 path of 4-mode single-bead weave, the weave of the bead ground is dispersed, the yarn 100D polyester yarn for the weave of the bead ground is much thinner than the yarn JC40S/1 for the weft plain weaves, the effect of small beads with inconspicuous concave-convex feeling is formed, the surface layer 10 is fine and soft in hand feeling, and the technical problems that the concave-convex feeling of common beads is obvious and the hand feeling is too coarse are improved.
Finally, the fourth small circulation in the middle circulation uses 100D as the yarn of the inner layer 20, the first middle circulation weaves the weft plain weave, namely the loop formation (KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK), the second middle circulation weaves the loop formation + tuck (KTKTKTKTKTKTKTKTKTKTKT), the third middle circulation weaves the weft plain weave, namely the loop formation (KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK), the fourth middle circulation weaves the tuck and loop formation (TKTKTKTKT), so as to form 4-mode single-bead ground, ensure that the inner layer 20 is in the base of the loop formation, the slant connection of the new tuck is increased, the inner layer 20 is changed into the triangular connection from the first generation of the yarn and the air layer, the connection is more stable, the dark twill appears on the inner layer 20, the technical problem that the first generation of the yarn and the air layer is obviously improved in structure, and the 1+1 loop rib stitch formed by the middle layer 100D is tied as thick and thin as the middle layer yarn, the yarn used at the position has no problem even if a certain leakage exists, the polyester yarn embodies the characteristic of 100D polyester, more importantly, each 16-path back side coil has a complete 4-mode single-bead circulation, the bead ground weave accounts for only 25%, the rest 12 paths are weft-plain weaves and account for 75%, the arrangement is 3-path weft plain weave + 1-path 4-mode single-bead weave, the bead ground weave is dispersed, the 100 polyester yarn used for the bead ground weave is much thinner than the yarn JC32S used for the weft plain weave, the bead ground effect almost without concave-convex feeling is formed, the inner layer 20 is fine and soft in hand feeling, the technical problems that the concave-convex feeling of common beads is obvious and the hand feeling is too coarse are improved, and the comfortable wear is realized in a close fit mode.
In a word, 25% of weaving roads of the surface layer 10 and the lining layer 20 are changed into bead ground textures, triangular connection of the surface layer and the lining layer 20 is achieved, the shape retention of the surface layer and the lining layer 20 is obviously improved in structure, complementary advantages of weft plain weave and bead ground textures are achieved, 25% of materials of the surface layer 10 and the lining layer 20 are changed into terylene, yarns are thick and are stiffer than cotton yarns, the shape retention of the surface layer and the lining layer 20 is further improved, 75% of cotton materials of the surface layer 10 and the lining layer 20 exist, the whole vision and touch sense are also made of cotton materials, and complementary advantages of the terylene materials and the cotton materials are achieved.
③ when weaving, JC40S/1 of the surface layer 10 accounts for 25 percent (mass ratio), surface layer 10100D polyester yarn accounts for 8.4 percent, accounts for 33.4 percent altogether, JC32S/1 of the lining 20 accounts for 30 percent, lining 20100D polyester yarn accounts for 10 percent, accounts for 40 percent altogether, middle layer 100D polyester yarn accounts for 26.6 percent, weft plain stitches formed by the surface layer 10JC40S/1 and the lining 20JC32S/1, 4-mode single-bead stitches formed by the surface layer 10100D and the lining 20100D polyester yarns, and 1+1 rib stitches formed by the middle layer binding yarn 100D polyester yarns are set tightly from the ratio of each yarn count to the setting of the length of each yarn count, so that the surface layer 10, the lining 20, the middle layer, the surface layer and the lining 20 are connected tightly, and the shape retention of the fabric is further improved.
(4) Dyeing and finishing:
① wool-removing, namely treating the surface of the cotton fabric by using biological enzyme to improve the smoothness of the cloth surface and improve the anti-pilling performance of the fabric.
② degreasing, namely removing oil from the grey cloth by two procedures in order to ensure the subsequent dyeing effect of the fabric and the hand feeling of the finished fabric, namely degreasing the grey cloth by an oil remover, and then boiling the cloth in a cylinder to remove the oil.
③ presetting, namely presetting the grey cloth before dyeing to ensure that the cloth cover is fully retracted.
④ dyeing and washing, namely after the pre-setting is finished, entering a dye vat to dye the terylene by using the disperse dye.
⑤, fixing in the middle immediately after dyeing and washing to eliminate the crease problem caused by dyeing and then retracting the cloth cover.
⑥ dyeing cotton by using reactive dye, arranging 3-path cotton and 1-path terylene, wherein the cotton terylene has different colors, the cotton is darker, the terylene is brighter, and the dyed cotton has a hidden and bright dark pearl effect.
⑦ shaping, namely, after cotton dyeing is finished, shaping at low temperature and adding an elastic auxiliary agent.
The normal setting is 1 time, the invention is changed into three times to obtain the finished fabric product, so that the fabric is fully contracted, is flat, smooth, free from losing and thick, has good heat retention, extremely compact, stiff and smooth, soft and exquisite hand feeling, forms a dull and bright dark bead style with dark twill, has fashionable and novel style, contains 55 percent of cotton and 45 percent of polyester fiber, and has the gram weight of 310g/m2Width of 74 inches, yarn count JC 40S/125 +
DTY100D/36F 45%+JC32S/1 30%。
The invention has the following characteristics:
(1) the complementary advantages of the weft plain weave and the bead weave are realized structurally: the weaving paths of 25% of each of the surface layer 20 and the back layer 20 are changed into a bead ground weave, the oblique connection of tucking is newly increased on the basis of the transverse and straight connection of loop formation, the original quadrilateral connection is changed into triangular connection, the connection of the surface layer 20 and the back layer 20 is more stable, the shape retention of the surface layer 20 and the back layer 20 is obviously improved from the structure, the arrangement is 3-path plain weave + 1-path 4-mode single bead weave, the bead ground weave is dispersed, the 100D polyester yarn for the bead ground weave is thinner 33D than JC40S/1(133D) yarn for the plain weave surface layer 10, the concave-convex sense effect is formed on the front surface but is not obvious, the front surface hand feel is close to the soft and fine weft feeling of the plain weave, the 66D is thinner than JC 32/32S/1 (166D) yarn for the plain weave surface layer 20, the concave-convex sense is formed on the back surface, and the concave-convex sense is almost nonexistent, and the hand feel of the plain weave of the back layer, the comfortable wear can be carried out next to the skin, the technical problems of obvious concave-convex feeling and rough hand feeling of the common bead ground are solved, and the complementary advantages of the weft plain weave and the bead ground are realized.
(2) The advantages of cotton and terylene are complemented in material: surface course 10, each 25% material of nexine 20 have changed the dacron, and the yarn is thicker, and is more stiff and hard than cotton yarn, further promotes surface, the shape keeping nature of nexine 20, and the existence of surface course 10, each 75% cotton material of nexine 20 makes whole vision, sense of touch still all be cotton material, has realized that dacron material and cotton material's advantage is complementary.
(3) In appearance, the cloth cover is flat and smooth, has a hidden and appearing dark bead effect, has dark twill, is novel and fashionable in texture, and can meet the requirements of individuation and fashion after 90 days compared with weft plain weave.
(4) Excellent shape retention: the knitting paths of 20 percent of each of the surface layer and the inner layer are changed into bead ground structures, triangular connection is realized, the polyester material is changed, the yarn count ratio and the coil length are tightly set during weaving, the fabric is fully retracted after three times of shaping during dyeing and finishing, the shape retention of the fabric is improved from the structural aspect, the material aspect and the density aspect respectively, and the fabric is stiff and smooth and is not arched or deformed during wearing and washing.
(5) Excellent comfort: the thick yarn binding layer 30 is provided, so that the fabric is very thick, can retain a large amount of air, and has good heat retention property; meanwhile, the hand feeling is soft and exquisite, and the skin-friendly underwear is very close to skin when worn next to the skin; meanwhile, the knitted fabric has good extensibility and air permeability, and is comfortable to wear.
(6) Scientific and reasonable fullness: the gram weight of the fabric is 310g/m2300g/m of knitted sweater cloth, silk-added cloth and air layer commonly used in spring and autumn2The gram-weight interval of (2) is matched.
(7) Ultrahigh cost performance: the average selling price is 300-400 yuan, which is very popular.
The detection data of the knitted fabric in the invention are as follows:
the product form of the present invention is not limited to the embodiments and examples shown in the present application, and any suitable changes or modifications of the similar ideas should be made without departing from the patent scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. The utility model provides a comfortable knitting sportswear that has type, includes the clothing body that forms by the concatenation of knitted fabric, knitted fabric includes the surface course, the nexine of weaving by two-sided circular knitting machine an organic whole and is used for the yarn layer of tying up of connecting surface course and nexine, and the surface course is interweaved by the face yarn and forms, and the nexine is interweaved by the ground yarn and forms, ties up the yarn layer and interweaves by tying up the yarn and form its characterized in that: the surface layer comprises a first weft plain area and a first bead ground weave area which are alternately arranged, the first weft plain area is formed by interweaving 40S/1 cotton yarns in a weft plain weave mode, the first bead ground weave area is formed by interweaving 100D/36F polyester yarns in a bead ground weave mode, the binding yarns are 100D/36F polyester yarns, the lining layer comprises a second weft plain area and a second bead ground weave area which are alternately arranged, the second weft plain area is formed by interweaving 32S/1 cotton yarns in the weft plain weave mode, and the second bead ground weave area is formed by interweaving 100D/36F polyester yarns in the bead ground weave mode.
2. A comfortable and stylish knitted athletic garment as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the area ratio of the first weft plain area to the first bead ground weave area is 3:1, and the area ratio of the second weft plain area to the second bead ground weave area is 3: 1.
3. A comfortable and stylish knitted athletic garment as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the double-sided circular knitting machine takes 48 paths as a large circulation, the large circulation is divided into four middle circulations, each middle circulation consists of 12 paths, each middle circulation is divided into four small circulations, each small circulation consists of 3 paths, the 1 st path to the 12 th path form a first middle circulation, the 13 th path to the 24 th path form a second middle circulation, the 25 th path to the 36 th path form a third middle circulation, the 37 th path to the 48 th path form a fourth middle circulation,
in the first intermediate cycle: in each small circulation, one path of dial knitting bottom yarn, the lower dial not knitting, the other path of lower dial knitting face yarn, the upper dial knitting, the other path of upper dial and the lower dial alternately knitting binding yarn to form 1+1 rib weave, in the first three small circulations, the face yarn adopts 40S/1 cotton yarn, the bottom yarn adopts 32S/1 cotton yarn, the binding yarn adopts 100D/36F polyester yarn, and in the fourth small circulation, the face yarn, the bottom yarn and the binding yarn all adopt 100D/36F polyester yarn;
in the second cycle: in the first three small cycles, in each small cycle, one path of dial knitting bottom yarn, the lower dial not knitting, the other path of lower dial knitting surface yarn, the upper dial knitting, the other path, the upper dial and the lower dial alternately knitting binding yarn to form 1+1 rib weave, in the first three small cycles, the surface yarn adopts 40S/1 cotton yarn, the bottom yarn adopts 32S/1 cotton yarn, and the binding yarn adopts 100D/36F polyester yarn; in the fourth small circulation, the knitting of the lower dial in one way alternately weaves the face yarn in a looping and tucking mode, the upper dial is not weaved, the knitting of the dial in the other way alternately weaves the bottom yarn in a looping and tucking mode, the lower dial is not weaved, the knitting of the upper dial and the lower dial in the other way alternately weaves the binding yarn to form a 1+1 rib weave, and in the fourth small circulation, the face yarn, the bottom yarn and the binding yarn all adopt 100D/36F polyester yarn;
in the third middle cycle: in each small circulation, one path of dial knitting bottom yarn, the lower dial not knitting, the other path of lower dial knitting face yarn, the upper dial knitting, the other path of upper dial and the lower dial alternately knitting binding yarn to form 1+1 rib weave, in the first three small circulations, the face yarn adopts 40S/1 cotton yarn, the bottom yarn adopts 32S/1 cotton yarn, the binding yarn adopts 100D/36F polyester yarn, and in the fourth small circulation, the face yarn, the bottom yarn and the binding yarn all adopt 100D/36F polyester yarn;
in the fourth middle cycle: in the first three small cycles, in each small cycle, one path of dial knitting bottom yarn, the lower dial not knitting, the other path of lower dial knitting surface yarn, the upper dial knitting, the other path, the upper dial and the lower dial alternately knitting binding yarn to form 1+1 rib weave, in the first three small cycles, the surface yarn adopts 40S/1 cotton yarn, the bottom yarn adopts 32S/1 cotton yarn, and the binding yarn adopts 100D/36F polyester yarn; in the fourth small circulation, the knitting of the lower dial in one way alternately weaves the face yarn in a tucking and looping mode, the upper dial is not weaved, the knitting of the dial in the other way alternately weaves the bottom yarn in a tucking and looping mode, the lower dial is not weaved, the knitting of the upper dial and the lower dial in the other way alternately weaves the binding yarn to form a 1+1 rib weave, and in the fourth small circulation, the face yarn, the bottom yarn and the binding yarn all adopt 100D/36F polyester yarn.
CN201910969434.5A 2019-10-12 2019-10-12 Comfortable knitted sportswear with patterns Pending CN110699833A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910969434.5A CN110699833A (en) 2019-10-12 2019-10-12 Comfortable knitted sportswear with patterns

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910969434.5A CN110699833A (en) 2019-10-12 2019-10-12 Comfortable knitted sportswear with patterns

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112064177A (en) * 2020-08-28 2020-12-11 佛山市智布互联纺织有限公司 Elastic double-sanitary-wear fabric and processing technology thereof
CN113106614A (en) * 2021-03-23 2021-07-13 荆州市红叶针织服饰有限公司 Natural-spinning double-faced twill cloth fabric and weaving method thereof
CN113981594A (en) * 2021-11-19 2022-01-28 广东溢达纺织有限公司 Method for manufacturing weft-knitted rib double-sided weave and fabric

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112064177A (en) * 2020-08-28 2020-12-11 佛山市智布互联纺织有限公司 Elastic double-sanitary-wear fabric and processing technology thereof
CN113106614A (en) * 2021-03-23 2021-07-13 荆州市红叶针织服饰有限公司 Natural-spinning double-faced twill cloth fabric and weaving method thereof
CN113981594A (en) * 2021-11-19 2022-01-28 广东溢达纺织有限公司 Method for manufacturing weft-knitted rib double-sided weave and fabric
CN113981594B (en) * 2021-11-19 2022-12-16 广东溢达纺织有限公司 Method for manufacturing weft-knitted rib double-sided weave and fabric

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