CN110672807A - Tracing method and device for river sewage draining exit - Google Patents

Tracing method and device for river sewage draining exit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110672807A
CN110672807A CN201910987005.0A CN201910987005A CN110672807A CN 110672807 A CN110672807 A CN 110672807A CN 201910987005 A CN201910987005 A CN 201910987005A CN 110672807 A CN110672807 A CN 110672807A
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China
Prior art keywords
pipe
water
river
sewage
wall
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CN201910987005.0A
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CN110672807B (en
Inventor
赵坤荣
许文骏
吴双
雷育涛
丘志颖
廖伟笔
张一凡
王晓聪
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South China Institute of Environmental Science of Ministry of Ecology and Environment
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South China Institute of Environmental Science of Ministry of Ecology and Environment
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N33/00Investigating or analysing materials by specific methods not covered by groups G01N1/00 - G01N31/00
    • G01N33/18Water
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N1/00Sampling; Preparing specimens for investigation
    • G01N1/02Devices for withdrawing samples
    • G01N1/10Devices for withdrawing samples in the liquid or fluent state
    • G01N1/14Suction devices, e.g. pumps; Ejector devices
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
    • G01S19/00Satellite radio beacon positioning systems; Determining position, velocity or attitude using signals transmitted by such systems
    • G01S19/01Satellite radio beacon positioning systems transmitting time-stamped messages, e.g. GPS [Global Positioning System], GLONASS [Global Orbiting Navigation Satellite System] or GALILEO
    • G01S19/13Receivers
    • G01S19/14Receivers specially adapted for specific applications
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08CTRANSMISSION SYSTEMS FOR MEASURED VALUES, CONTROL OR SIMILAR SIGNALS
    • G08C17/00Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link
    • G08C17/02Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link using a radio link
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/20Controlling water pollution; Waste water treatment

Abstract

The invention discloses a source tracing method and device for a sewage outlet of an river, which comprises a monitoring ship, wherein a waterproof box is installed on the monitoring ship, a micropump is installed on the outer wall of the waterproof box, two ends of the micropump are connected with a water inlet pipe, one end of the water inlet pipe is connected with a winding mechanism, a water suction pipe is connected to the winding mechanism, a plurality of water storage boxes are installed at the bottom of an inner cavity of the waterproof box, the other end of the water inlet pipe is connected with the water storage boxes, detectors are installed on the outer walls of the tops of the water storage boxes, a main control chip is installed on a top plate of the inner cavity of the waterproof box, the detectors are connected with the main control chip, a wireless communication unit and a. The monitoring ship can be followed the river course and travel, absorbs water the flexible of pipe through winding mechanism control, will absorb water the pipe and put into the river, and the sewage department river is fetched to the micro-pump, and the detector detects pollutant concentration to collect pollutant and sewage outlet positional information through main control chip, wireless communication unit and positioning unit, be convenient for trace to the source.

Description

Tracing method and device for river sewage draining exit
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of environmental protection, in particular to a method and a device for tracing a source of a river sewage draining exit.
Background
At present, the problem of water pollution in a river channel is still serious, the control on the problem of water pollution needs to improve the renovation effect of the problem of stealing and discharging of enterprises, and on one hand, the linkage and the striking strength of local environment supervision, administrative law enforcement and criminal judicial law need to be enhanced; on the other hand, the environment monitoring capability needs to be improved: can pollute discovery problem as early as possible before serious, carry out the selective examination when the control to sewage discharge such as enterprise's mill all is direct sewage discharge in the enterprise at present, but some enterprises and mill can steal the row, consequently need carry out the traceability of pollution sources to going into the drain of a river to backward trace back the emission source through the pollutant, thereby renovate, for this reason we propose a drain of a river method of tracing back to the source and device and be used for solving above-mentioned problem.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a method and a device for tracing a source of a river sewage draining exit, which aim to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a source tracing device for a river-entering sewage draining exit comprises a monitoring ship, wherein a waterproof box is fixedly installed on the monitoring ship, a micropump is fixedly installed on the outer wall of the waterproof box, two ends of the micropump are connected with a water inlet pipe, one end of the water inlet pipe is connected with a winding mechanism, the winding mechanism is installed at the tail part of the monitoring ship, one end of a water suction pipe is connected onto the winding mechanism, the other end of the water suction pipe is provided with a water suction port, a plurality of water storage boxes are fixedly installed at the bottom of an inner cavity of the waterproof box, the other end of the water inlet pipe extends into the waterproof box and is connected with the water storage boxes, detectors are installed on the outer walls of the tops of the water storage boxes, probes of the detectors extend into the bottoms of the inner cavities of the water storage boxes, a main control chip is fixedly installed on an inner cavity top plate of the waterproof box, the detectors are connected, the wireless communication unit and the positioning unit are connected with the main control chip through RS232 interfaces.
An embodiment of preferred, be equipped with built-in power supply in the monitoring ship, and monitor the stern bottom of ship and install the screw, the inlet tube is located the one end fixed connection distributive pipe of waterproof box, and the distributive pipe bottom is through many water piping connection water storage box, the fixed cover of outer wall bottom of water storage box connects the drain pipe, and the drain pipe runs through to the outer wall of waterproof box, install the electromagnetic valve who connects main control chip on the drain pipe.
An embodiment of preferred, winding mechanism includes two fixed plates, two fixed plate fixed mounting is on the monitoring ship, the fixed inter-plate rotates and cup joints the pivot, the fixed reel that cup joints in the pivot, the output shaft of fixed plate and fixed connection motor is run through to the one end of pivot, the other end of pivot and the outer wall of reel overlap the takeover, the connecting pipe is L type structure, the circumference outer wall and the fixed connection pipe that absorbs water of reel are run through to connecting pipe one end, the other end of connecting pipe runs through the pivot terminal surface and rotates and cup joints the one end of fixed pipe, install the changeover mechanism between fixed pipe and the connecting pipe outer wall, the fixed outer wall of pipe passes through mount fixed connection fixed plate outer wall, the other end fixed connection inlet tube of fixed pipe.
In an embodiment of the present invention, the axis of the connecting pipe penetrating through one end of the rotating shaft coincides with the rotating shaft, the outer wall of one end of the connecting pipe sleeved with the fixing pipe is fixedly embedded with an O-shaped sealing ring, and the outer wall of the circumference of the reel is in an i-shaped structure.
In an embodiment of the present invention, the switching mechanism includes two rotating rings and two clamping sleeves, the outer walls of the connecting pipe and the fixed pipe are fixedly mounted with the rotating rings, the two rotating rings are tightly attached, one ends of the clamping sleeves are hinged to each other, the clamping sleeves are wrapped outside the rotating rings, the inner walls of the clamping sleeves are provided with clamping grooves, the rotating rings are rotatably clamped in the rotating grooves, the outer walls of the other ends of the clamping sleeves are fixedly mounted with connecting plates, and the connecting plates are bolted to each other.
In a preferred embodiment, a guide ring is fixedly mounted on the stern of the monitoring ship, the water suction pipe penetrates through the guide ring in a sliding manner, the water suction port is of a horn-shaped structure, a filter screen is fixedly mounted on the inner wall of the water suction port, and a plurality of gravity blocks are fixedly mounted on the outer wall of the water suction port.
A method for a source tracing device of a river sewage draining exit is characterized by comprising the following steps:
s1, collecting serial number of sewage draining exit and pollutant information
Numbering a plurality of sewage discharge ports at a river, counting sewage discharge pipelines connected with each sewage discharge port and sewage sources of peripheral factories, enterprises and the like, and collecting the types of pollutants discharged at ordinary times by each sewage discharge port and the concentration of the pollutants allowed to be discharged;
s2, detecting at a sewage draining port
Starting the monitoring ship and running along a river way in a counter-current manner, when the monitoring ship runs to a sewage discharge outlet, discharging a water suction pipe through a winding mechanism, wherein the water suction pipe sinks into river water, the river water is sucked through a micro pump and is pumped into a plurality of water storage boxes, the water and water in the water storage boxes are respectively detected through a detector at the top of each water storage box, so that the concentration of each pollutant is obtained, and the concentration of the pollutant and the position of the sewage discharge outlet are sent to a remote monitoring center through a wireless communication unit and a positioning unit;
s3, confirmation of pollution source
After the remote monitoring center receives the pollutants and the position information of each sewage draining outlet, the pollutants and the allowable emission concentration of the pollutants collected by investigation are compared, whether the emission amount of the pollutants at each sewage draining outlet exceeds the standard or not is determined, and when the emission amount of the pollutants exceeds the standard, the pollutants emitted by each enterprise and each enterprise corresponding to the sewage draining outlet are compared, so that the emission source of the pollutants exceeding the standard is determined.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: the water suction pipe can be wound or discharged through the winding mechanism, so that the discharging length of the water suction pipe is controlled, the water suction pipe is pulled into river water under the action of gravity of a water suction port, the river water at different depths can be conveniently sucked for detection, when the reel rotates, one end of the connecting pipe is always connected with the water suction pipe, and the other end of the connecting pipe is rotationally connected with the fixed pipe through the switching mechanism, so that the fixed pipe is always communicated with the water suction pipe through the connecting pipe, and the use is convenient; river water pumped out by the water inlet pipe is dispersed into the water storage boxes through the water distribution pipes and the water outlet pipe, so that the detector can conveniently perform online detection on the river water in the water storage boxes, and the types and the concentrations of pollutants at the sewage discharge port can be quickly known; the pollutant type and the concentration that the detector detected pass through the RS485 interface and are connected with main control chip, will detect information transfer to main control chip, and main control chip sends pollutant information and positioning unit's positional information to remote monitoring center through wireless communication unit to be convenient for compare with each enterprise that the drain corresponds and the pollutant that each enterprise discharged, thereby confirm the emission source of pollutant that exceeds standard.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of a cross-section of a winding mechanism according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the adapter mechanism of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic sectional view of the waterproof case of the present invention.
In the figure: the device comprises a monitoring ship 1, a waterproof box 2, a water storage box 3, a water inlet pipe 4, a micropump 5, a winding mechanism 6, a fixing plate 61, a reel 62, a connecting pipe 63, a rotating shaft 64, a switching mechanism 65, a rotating ring 651, a cutting sleeve 652, a rotating groove 653, a connecting plate 654, a fixing pipe 66, a water suction pipe 7, a water suction port 8, a detector 9, a main control chip 10, a wireless communication unit 11, a positioning unit 12, a fixing frame 13, a guide ring 14 and a water discharge pipe 15.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-4, the present invention provides a technical solution: a source tracing device for a river sewage draining exit comprises a monitoring ship 1, a waterproof box 2 is fixedly installed on the monitoring ship 1, a micropump 5 is fixedly installed on the outer wall of the waterproof box 2, two ends of the micropump 5 are connected with a water inlet pipe 4, one end of the water inlet pipe 4 is connected with a winding mechanism 6, the winding mechanism 6 is installed at the tail of the monitoring ship 1, one end of a water suction pipe 7 is connected with the winding mechanism 6, a water suction port 8 is installed at the other end of the water suction pipe 7, a plurality of water storage boxes 3 are fixedly installed at the bottom of an inner cavity of the waterproof box 2, the other end of the water inlet pipe 4 extends into the waterproof box 2 and is connected with the water storage boxes 3, detectors 9 are installed on the outer walls of the top of the water storage boxes 3, probes of the detectors 9 extend into the bottoms of the inner cavities of the water storage boxes 3, a main control chip 10 is fixedly installed on an inner cavity top plate of the waterproof box 2, the wireless communication unit 11 and the positioning unit 12 are connected with the main control chip 10 through an RS232 interface. Monitoring ship 1 can be followed the river course and travel, can control the flexible of water sucking pipe 7 through winding mechanism 6, thereby put into the river of the different degree of depth with water sucking mouth 8, be convenient for through the river of the 5 extraction different degree of depth of sewage department of micropump, detect pollutant concentration through detector 9 in the river suction water storage box 3 back, and through main control chip 10, wireless communication unit 11 and positioning unit 12 with the pollutant kind, concentration and sewage outlet positional information send the remote monitoring center, be convenient for trace to the source to the sewage outlet pollutant.
Furthermore, the main control chip 10 can be realized by a single chip microcomputer of STM32F103RBT6P model, which has the advantages of small volume, high calculation speed, good modularization performance, high reliability, etc., the wireless communication unit 11 can adopt the current GPRS module to realize a narrow-band low-power consumption wireless module such as JTT-433-UDIpm201, and the positioning unit 12 adopts a GPS positioning system, so that the pollutant types and concentrations detected by the detector 9 are connected with the main control chip 10 through an RS485 interface, the detection information is transmitted to the main control chip 10, and the main control chip 10 transmits the pollutant information and the position information of the positioning unit 12 to a remote monitoring center through the wireless communication unit 11.
Be equipped with built-in power supply in the monitoring ship 1, and the screw is installed to the stern bottom of monitoring ship 1, inlet tube 4 is located the one end fixed connection distributive pipe of waterproof box 2, and the distributive pipe bottom is through many water piping connection water storage box 3, the fixed cover of outer wall bottom of water storage box 3 connects the outlet pipe 15, the river of being convenient for flows respectively to a plurality of water storage box 3, thereby be convenient for the detector 9 concentration that detects different pollutants in the river, and outlet pipe 15 runs through to the outer wall of waterproof box 2, install the electromagnetic valve who connects main control chip 10 on the outlet pipe 15, be convenient for control the river in the water storage box 3 and discharge, be convenient for detect many times.
The winding mechanism 6 comprises two fixing plates 61, the two fixing plates 61 are fixedly installed on the monitoring ship 1, a rotating shaft 64 is rotatably sleeved between the fixing plates 61, a reel 62 is fixedly sleeved on the rotating shaft 64, one end of the rotating shaft 64 penetrates through the fixing plates 61 and is fixedly connected with an output shaft of a motor, a connecting pipe 63 is sleeved between the other end of the rotating shaft 64 and the outer wall of the reel 62, the connecting pipe 63 is of an L-shaped structure, one end of the connecting pipe 63 penetrates through the circumferential outer wall of the reel 62 and is fixedly connected with a water suction pipe 7, the other end of the connecting pipe 63 penetrates through the end face of the rotating shaft 64 and is rotatably sleeved with one end of a fixing pipe 66, a switching mechanism 65 is installed between the fixing pipe 66 and the outer wall of the connecting pipe 63, the outer wall of the fixing pipe 66 is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the fixing plate 61 through a fixing frame 13, be convenient for detect the river of the different degree of depth, and when reel 62 rotated, connecting pipe 63 one end remained with the pipe 7 that absorbs water all the time and was connected, and the connecting pipe 63 other end rotated with fixed pipe 66 through changeover mechanism 65 and was connected to make fixed pipe 66 communicate with the pipe 7 that absorbs water through connecting pipe 63 all the time, be convenient for in the river suction inlet tube 4.
The axis that connecting pipe 63 runs through the one end of pivot 64 coincides with pivot 64, then connecting pipe 63 keeps being connected with fixed pipe 66 when following pivot 64 and rotating, and connecting pipe 63 cup joints the fixed embedded installation O type sealing washer of the one end outer wall of fixed pipe 66, improves the leakproofness, and the circumference outer wall of reel 62 is "worker" style of calligraphy structure, is convenient for accomodate tub 7 that absorbs water.
Adapter mechanism 65 includes two change rings 651 and cutting ferrule 652, the equal fixed mounting change ring 651 of outer wall of connecting pipe 63 and fixed pipe 66, two change rings 651 closely laminate, the one end of two cutting ferrules 652 is articulated each other, cutting ferrule 652 wraps up and all opens draw-in groove 653 in change ring 651 outside and cutting ferrule 652 inner wall, change ring 651 rotates the joint in change groove 653, the equal fixed mounting connecting plate 654 of other end outer wall of cutting ferrule 652, bolt each other between connecting plate 654, through the closed joint change ring 651 of cutting ferrule 652, thereby make fixed pipe 66 and connecting pipe 63 terminal surface keep rotating and cup joint, pipeline connection is unobstructed when the rolling suction pipe 7 of being convenient for.
Fixed mounting guide ring 14 on the stern of monitoring ship 1, suction tube 7 slides and passes guide ring 14, is convenient for lead suction tube 7, and water sucking mouth 8 is the horn column structure, and fixed mounting filter screen on the inner wall of water sucking mouth 8 avoids debris such as pasture and water to block up suction tube 7, a plurality of gravity pieces of fixed mounting on the outer wall of water sucking mouth 8, and the suction mouth 8 of being convenient for drives suction tube 7 and sinks in the river.
A method for a source tracing device of a river sewage draining exit is characterized by comprising the following steps:
s1, collecting serial number of sewage draining exit and pollutant information
Numbering a plurality of sewage discharge ports at a river, counting sewage discharge pipelines connected with each sewage discharge port and sewage sources of peripheral factories, enterprises and the like, and collecting the types of pollutants discharged at ordinary times by each sewage discharge port and the concentration of the pollutants allowed to be discharged;
s2, detecting at a sewage draining port
Starting the monitoring ship and running along a river way in a counter-current manner, when the monitoring ship runs to a sewage discharge outlet, discharging a water suction pipe through a winding mechanism, wherein the water suction pipe sinks into river water, the river water is sucked through a micro pump and is pumped into a plurality of water storage boxes, the water and water in the water storage boxes are respectively detected through a detector at the top of each water storage box, so that the concentration of each pollutant is obtained, and the concentration of the pollutant and the position of the sewage discharge outlet are sent to a remote monitoring center through a wireless communication unit and a positioning unit;
s3, confirmation of pollution source
After the remote monitoring center receives the pollutants and the position information of each sewage draining outlet, the pollutants and the allowable emission concentration of the pollutants collected by investigation are compared, whether the emission amount of the pollutants at each sewage draining outlet exceeds the standard or not is determined, and when the emission amount of the pollutants exceeds the standard, the pollutants emitted by each enterprise and each enterprise corresponding to the sewage draining outlet are compared, so that the emission source of the pollutants exceeding the standard is determined.
The working principle is as follows: when the invention is used, a plurality of sewage outlets at the river are numbered, sewage pipes connected with each sewage outlet and sewage sources of peripheral factories, enterprises and the like are counted, the types of pollutants discharged at ordinary times and the concentration of pollutants allowed to be discharged at each sewage outlet are collected, then a monitoring ship is started and runs along the river in a countercurrent way, when the monitoring ship runs to the sewage outlets, a motor drives a rotating shaft 64 to rotate so as to enable a reel 62 to discharge a water suction pipe 7, the water suction pipe 7 is pulled into the river under the action of the gravity of a water suction port 8 so as to be convenient for sucking the river water at different depths, when the reel 62 rotates, one end of a connecting pipe 63 is always connected with the water suction pipe 7, the other end of the connecting pipe 63 is rotatably connected with a fixed pipe 66 through a switching mechanism 65, so that the fixed pipe 66 is always communicated with the water suction pipe 7 through the connecting pipe 63, the river water is conveniently sucked into a water inlet pipe 4, the detector through water storage box top is to the water storage box in with moisture separately detect, thereby obtain each pollutant concentration, the pollutant kind and the concentration that detector 9 detected pass through the RS485 interface and are connected with main control chip 10, main control chip 10 sends the main control chip 10 with pollutant information and positioning unit 12's positional information through wireless communication unit 11 and send to the remote monitoring center, the remote monitoring center receives behind the pollutant and the positional information of each drain, it allows the emission concentration to compare it with the pollutant that realizes the investigation collection, confirm whether the pollutant emission of each drain department exceeds standard, exceed standard, compare according to each enterprise that the drain corresponds and the pollutant that each enterprise discharged, thereby confirm the emission source of pollutant that exceeds standard.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a go into drain device of river tracing to source, includes monitoring ship (1), its characterized in that: the monitoring device is characterized in that a waterproof box (2) is fixedly installed on a monitoring ship (1), a micropump (5) is fixedly installed on the outer wall of the waterproof box (2), the two ends of the micropump (5) are connected with water inlet pipes (4), one end of each water inlet pipe (4) is connected with a winding mechanism (6), the winding mechanism (6) is installed at the tail part of the monitoring ship (1), one end of a water suction pipe (7) is connected onto the winding mechanism (6), a water suction port (8) is installed at the other end of the water suction pipe (7), a plurality of water storage boxes (3) are fixedly installed at the bottom of the inner cavity of the waterproof box (2), the other ends of the water inlet pipes (4) extend into the waterproof box (2) and are connected with the water storage boxes (3), detectors (9) are installed on the outer walls of the top of the water storage boxes (3), probes of the detectors (9) extend into the bottom of the inner cavity of the water storage boxes (3), detector (9) and main control chip (10) pass through RS485 interface connection, fixed mounting has wireless communication unit (11) and positioning unit (12) on the inner chamber roof of waterproof box (2), wireless communication unit (11) and positioning unit (12) pass through RS232 interface connection main control chip (10).
2. The source tracing device for sewage outfalls into a river according to claim 1, characterized in that: be equipped with built-in power supply in monitoring ship (1), and the stern bottom of monitoring ship (1) installs the screw, inlet tube (4) are located the one end fixed connection distributive pipe in waterproof box (2), and the distributive pipe bottom is through many water piping connection water storage box (3), the outer wall bottom of water storage box (3) is fixed cup joints drain pipe (15), and drain pipe (15) run through to the outer wall of waterproof box (2), install the solenoid valve who connects main control chip (10) on drain pipe (15).
3. The source tracing device for sewage outfalls into a river according to claim 1, characterized in that: the winding mechanism (6) comprises two fixing plates (61), the two fixing plates (61) are fixedly installed on the monitoring ship (1), a rotating shaft (64) is rotatably sleeved between the fixing plates (61), a reel (62) is fixedly sleeved on the rotating shaft (64), one end of the rotating shaft (64) penetrates through the fixing plates (61) and is fixedly connected with an output shaft of a motor, a connecting pipe (63) is sleeved between the other end of the rotating shaft (64) and the outer wall of the reel (62), the connecting pipe (63) is of an L-shaped structure, one end of the connecting pipe (63) penetrates through the circumferential outer wall of the reel (62) and is fixedly connected with a water suction pipe (7), the other end of the connecting pipe (63) penetrates through the end face of the rotating shaft (64) and is rotatably sleeved with one end of a fixing pipe (66), a switching mechanism (65) is installed between the outer walls of the fixing pipe (66) and the connecting pipe (63), and the outer wall of the fixing pipe (, the other end of the fixed pipe (66) is fixedly connected with a water inlet pipe (4).
4. The device of claim 3, wherein the source tracing device comprises: the axis that connecting pipe (63) run through the one end of pivot (64) coincides with pivot (64), the fixed embedded installation O type sealing washer of one end outer wall that connecting pipe (63) cup jointed fixed pipe (66), the circumference outer wall of reel (62) is "worker" style of calligraphy structure.
5. The device of claim 3, wherein the source tracing device comprises: the adapter mechanism (65) comprises two rotating rings (651) and clamping sleeves (652), wherein the rotating rings (651) are fixedly mounted on the outer walls of the connecting pipe (63) and the fixing pipe (66), the two rotating rings (651) are tightly attached to each other, one ends of the two clamping sleeves (652) are hinged to each other, the clamping sleeves (652) are wrapped on the outer sides of the rotating rings (651), clamping grooves (653) are formed in the inner walls of the clamping sleeves (652), the rotating rings (651) are rotatably clamped in the rotating grooves (653), connecting plates (654) are fixedly mounted on the outer walls of the other ends of the clamping sleeves (652), and the connecting plates (654) are bolted to each other.
6. The source tracing device for sewage outfalls into a river according to claim 1, characterized in that: the stern of monitoring ship (1) is gone up fixed mounting guide ring (14), suction tube (7) slide and pass guide ring (14), water sucking mouth (8) are horn-shaped structure, and fixed mounting filter screen on the inner wall of water sucking mouth (8), a plurality of gravity pieces of fixed mounting on the outer wall of water sucking mouth (8).
7. A method for tracing a source of a sewage outflowing port as claimed in claims 1 to 6, comprising the steps of:
s1, collecting serial number of sewage draining exit and pollutant information
Numbering a plurality of sewage discharge ports at a river, counting sewage discharge pipelines connected with each sewage discharge port and sewage sources of peripheral factories, enterprises and the like, and collecting the types of pollutants discharged at ordinary times by each sewage discharge port and the concentration of the pollutants allowed to be discharged;
s2, detecting at a sewage draining port
Starting the monitoring ship and running along a river way in a counter-current manner, when the monitoring ship runs to a sewage discharge outlet, discharging a water suction pipe through a winding mechanism, wherein the water suction pipe sinks into river water, the river water is sucked through a micro pump and is pumped into a plurality of water storage boxes, the water and water in the water storage boxes are respectively detected through a detector at the top of each water storage box, so that the concentration of each pollutant is obtained, and the concentration of the pollutant and the position of the sewage discharge outlet are sent to a remote monitoring center through a wireless communication unit and a positioning unit;
s3, confirmation of pollution source
After the remote monitoring center receives the pollutants and the position information of each sewage draining outlet, the pollutants and the allowable emission concentration of the pollutants collected by investigation are compared, whether the emission amount of the pollutants at each sewage draining outlet exceeds the standard or not is determined, and when the emission amount of the pollutants exceeds the standard, the pollutants emitted by each enterprise and each enterprise corresponding to the sewage draining outlet are compared, so that the emission source of the pollutants exceeding the standard is determined.
CN201910987005.0A 2019-10-17 2019-10-17 Method and device for tracing source of river sewage discharge outlet Active CN110672807B (en)

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CN111366698A (en) * 2020-03-27 2020-07-03 广东泓禹生态环境科技有限公司 Drinking water source risk measurement and control system
CN111596025A (en) * 2020-06-05 2020-08-28 吕妍萍 Water environment pollution analysis system based on big data
CN111721586A (en) * 2020-05-09 2020-09-29 同济大学 Automatic sewage collection system for municipal drainage pipe network and control method thereof
CN111947982A (en) * 2020-07-17 2020-11-17 安徽机电职业技术学院 Automatic sampling robot for monitoring water body environment along river course
CN112666046A (en) * 2020-11-30 2021-04-16 何瑞瑞 Water quality testing device based on viscosity detection

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