CN110556957A - stator assembly and motor - Google Patents

stator assembly and motor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110556957A
CN110556957A CN201810551321.9A CN201810551321A CN110556957A CN 110556957 A CN110556957 A CN 110556957A CN 201810551321 A CN201810551321 A CN 201810551321A CN 110556957 A CN110556957 A CN 110556957A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
slot
layer
winding
span
radially
Prior art date
Application number
CN201810551321.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
齐文明
游斌
林焕炜
陈晓平
Original Assignee
比亚迪股份有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 比亚迪股份有限公司 filed Critical 比亚迪股份有限公司
Priority to CN201810551321.9A priority Critical patent/CN110556957A/en
Publication of CN110556957A publication Critical patent/CN110556957A/en

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K1/00Details of the magnetic circuit
    • H02K1/06Details of the magnetic circuit characterised by the shape, form or construction
    • H02K1/12Stationary parts of the magnetic circuit
    • H02K1/16Stator cores with slots for windings
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K3/00Details of windings
    • H02K3/04Windings characterised by the conductor shape, form or construction, e.g. with bar conductors
    • H02K3/12Windings characterised by the conductor shape, form or construction, e.g. with bar conductors arranged in slots
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K3/00Details of windings
    • H02K3/04Windings characterised by the conductor shape, form or construction, e.g. with bar conductors
    • H02K3/12Windings characterised by the conductor shape, form or construction, e.g. with bar conductors arranged in slots
    • H02K3/16Windings characterised by the conductor shape, form or construction, e.g. with bar conductors arranged in slots for auxiliary purposes, e.g. damping or commutating
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K3/00Details of windings
    • H02K3/04Windings characterised by the conductor shape, form or construction, e.g. with bar conductors
    • H02K3/28Layout of windings or of connections between windings
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K2213/00Specific aspects, not otherwise provided for and not covered by codes H02K2201/00 - H02K2211/00
    • H02K2213/03Machines characterised by numerical values, ranges, mathematical expressions or similar information

Abstract

the invention discloses a stator assembly and a motor, wherein the stator assembly comprises a stator core and a stator winding, the stator core is provided with a plurality of stator slots, the stator slots are distributed along the circumferential direction of the stator core, one winding of each phase of the stator winding comprises a first winding part to a fourth winding part which are sequentially connected end to end, the first winding part comprises a first span section to a sixth span section, and the second winding part comprises a seventh span section to a twelfth span section. Therefore, the first outgoing lines and the first star point lines can be uniformly distributed at the welding end through the matching of the stator core and the stator winding, the height of the welding end can be fully utilized, the circulation phenomenon can be prevented, and the failure of the motor can be prevented.

Description

Stator assembly and motor

Technical Field

The invention relates to the technical field of motors, in particular to a stator assembly and a motor with the stator assembly.

background

in the related technology, the stator assembly of the motor is in a wave winding mode, the outermost layer is wound to the innermost layer through waves, the reverse wave is wound to the outermost layer, the flat wire armature needing to be manufactured is various in types, both axial ends of the flat wire armature need to be welded, welding spots are multiple, and in addition, after the flat wire is off-line, the flat wire armature is difficult to accurately fix, the production cost is high, and the manufacturing process difficulty is large. From the analysis of the electrical connection, the wave winding form is that the voltage difference between different layers in the same groove is high, and the layers are easy to break down under high voltage, so that short circuit is caused, and the motor fails.

Disclosure of Invention

The present invention is directed to solving, at least to some extent, one of the technical problems in the related art. Therefore, the invention provides a stator assembly which can prevent the circulation phenomenon and the failure of the motor.

the invention further provides a motor.

The stator assembly is suitable for a z-slot 2 p-pole m-phase motor, the number of slots per pole per phase is q-z/m/(2 p), the number of parallel branches is a, and a is less than or equal to q, the stator assembly comprises a stator core and a stator winding, the stator core is provided with a plurality of stator slots, the stator slots are distributed along the circumferential direction of the stator core, the stator slots are respectively a1 st slot, a2 nd slot, …, an ith slot, …, an nth slot and … in the circumferential direction of the stator core, each stator slot is provided with r slot layers, and the r slot layers are respectively an a layer, a b layer, …, a jth layer, … and an r layer from the radial inner side to the outer side of the stator core; each phase of winding of the stator winding comprises a first winding part and a fourth winding part which are sequentially connected end to end, wherein the first winding part is constructed as an initial section of the winding, and the fourth winding part is constructed as a termination section of the winding; in the first winding portion, the ith slot nth layer is the starting end of the first winding portion, the (i-24) th slot nth layer is the terminating end of the first winding portion, the first winding portion comprises a first span section to a sixth span section, and the first span section is from the ith slot nth layer to the (i-5) th slot nth layer; the (i-5) th slot, the (r) th slot, the (i-5) th slot, the (a) th slot and the (i-5) th slot are a second span, and a winding wire reciprocates between the (i-5) th slot and the (i-47) th slot in the second span and is wound from the radial outer side to the radial inner side of the stator core; an a-th layer from an (i-5) th slot to an (i-11) th slot is a third step in which a winding wire reciprocates between the (i-5) th slot and the (i-11) th slot and the winding wire is wound from a radially inner side to a radially outer side of the stator core; a fourth span from the (i-11) th layer to the (i-18) th layer; the (i-18) th slot (r) th layer and the (i-18) th slot (a) th layer are fifth spans, and in the fifth spans, the winding wire reciprocates between the (i-18) th slot and the (i-12) th slot and is wound from the radial outer side to the radial inner side of the stator core; the a-th layer from the (i-18) th slot and the r-th layer from the (i-24) th slot are sixth jumps in which windings reciprocate between the (i-18) th slot and the (i-24) th slot and are wound from the radially inner side to the radially outer side of the stator core; within said second winding portion, the (i-24) th slot th layer is the starting end of said second winding portion, the (i-42) th slot second outer layer is the terminating end of said second winding portion, said second winding portion comprises a seventh span to a twelfth span, the (i-24) th slot th layer to the (i-29) th slot th layer is the seventh span; the (i-29) th slot, the (a) th slot, and the (i-29) th slot are the eighth spans in which windings reciprocate between the (i-29) th slot and the (i-23) th slot and are wound from the radially outer side to the radially inner side of the stator core; the (i-29) th slot (a) th layer to the (i-35) th slot (r) th layer is the ninth span within which the winding reciprocates between the (i-29) th slot and the (i-35) th slot and the winding is wound from the radially inner side to the radially outer side of the stator core; the tenth span is from the (i-35) th groove nth layer to the (i-42) th groove nth layer; an eleventh jump from the (i-42) th slot layer to the (i-42) th slot layer a, in which a winding reciprocates between the (i-42) th slot and the (i-36) th slot and the winding is wound from a radially outer side to a radially inner side of the stator core; an a-th layer from the (i-42) th slot to the (i-42) th slot sub-outer layer is a twelfth jump section in which a winding wire reciprocates between the (i-42) th slot and the i-th slot and the winding wire is wound from a radially inner side to a radially outer side of the stator core; the ith groove is an initial groove, and the outermost layer of the initial groove is connected with a first outgoing line; when the first winding of the one winding is finished, starting from the third winding part, and winding the one winding for the second winding; in the third winding part, the (n-47) th layer of the slot is the starting end of the third winding part, the (n-23) th layer of the slot is the termination end of the third winding part, and a connecting line is arranged between the (i-42) th secondary outer layer of the slot and the (n-47) th layer of the slot to connect the termination end of the second winding part with the starting end of the third winding part; the third winding portion comprises thirteenth to eighteenth spans from the (n-47) th slot nth layer to the (n-6) th slot nth layer; the (n-6) th slot, the (r) th slot, to the (n-6) th slot, the a th layer being the fourteenth span within which the winding reciprocates between the (n-6) th slot and the n-th slot and the winding from the radially outer side to the radially inner side of the stator core; the (n-6) th slot (a) th layer to the (n-12) th slot (r) th layer is the fifteenth jump section in which the winding wire reciprocates between the (n-6) th slot and the (n-12) th slot and the winding wire is wound from the radially inner side to the radially outer side of the stator core; a sixteenth span from the (n-12) th groove nth layer to the (n-17) th groove nth layer; the seventeenth jump from the (n-17) th slot nth layer to the (n-17) th slot nth layer, within which a winding reciprocates between the (n-17) th slot and the (n-11) th slot and the winding is wound from a radially outer side to a radially inner side of the stator core; the (n-17) th slot a-th layer to the (n-23) th slot r-th layer are the eighteenth jump section in which the winding wire reciprocates between the (n-17) th slot and the (n-23) th slot and is wound from the radially inner side to the radially outer side of the stator core; within the fourth winding portion, the (n-23) th slot nth layer is the starting end of the fourth winding portion, the (n-41) th slot next to outer layer is the terminating end of the fourth winding portion, the fourth winding portion comprises nineteenth to twenty fourth spans, and the (n-23) th slot nth layer to the (n-30) th slot nth layer is the nineteenth span; the twentieth step is from the (n-30) th slot (r) th layer to the (n-30) th slot (a) th layer, and within the twentieth step, the winding is reciprocated between the (n-30) th slot and the (n-24) th slot and wound from the radially outer side to the radially inner side of the stator core; the (n-30) th slot a-th layer to the (n-36) th slot r-th layer are the twenty-first spans in which the winding wire reciprocates between the (n-30) th slot and the (n-36) th slot and the winding wire is wound from the radially inner side to the radially outer side of the stator core; the twenty-second span is from the (n-36) th groove layer to the (n-41) th groove layer; the (n-41) th slot, the (r) th slot, to the (n-41) th slot, the a-th slot is the twenty-third step in which a winding wire reciprocates between the (n-41) th slot and the (n-35) th slot and the winding wire is wound from a radially outer side to a radially inner side of the stator core; the twenty-fourth step is from the (n-41) th slot a-th layer to the (n-41) th slot sub-outer layer, in which the winding is reciprocated between the (n-41) th slot and the (n-47) th slot and the winding is wound from the radially inner side to the radially outer side of the stator core, wherein there are 5 stator slots between the termination slot and the initial slot, the sub-outer layer of the termination slot is connected to the first star point line, and the (n-47) th slot outermost layer and the (i-42) th slot sub-outer layer are connected by a bridge line.

according to the stator assembly provided by the embodiment of the invention, the first outgoing line and the first star point line can be uniformly arranged at the welding end through the matching of the stator core and the stator winding, the height of the welding end can be fully utilized, the circulation phenomenon can be prevented, and the failure of a motor can be prevented.

in some examples of the invention, n ═ i.

In some examples of the present invention, the stator winding includes a plurality of conductor segments, each of the conductor segments including a bent portion and first and second in-slot portions connected to the bent portion, respectively, the first and second in-slot portions of the plurality of conductor segments located in adjacent layers being weld-connected at weld ends.

In some examples of the invention, the conductor segments include a first type of conductor segment, a second type of conductor segment, and a third type of conductor segment, a pitch between the first in-slot portion and the second in-slot portion of the first type of conductor segment is (y-1) stator slots, a pitch between the first in-slot portion and the second in-slot portion of the second type of conductor segment is y stator slots, and a pitch between the first in-slot portion and the second in-slot portion of the third type of conductor segment is (y +1) stator slots, where y is an integer and y is z/2 p.

In some examples of the invention, the first type of conductor segments are located at a first span, a seventh span, a sixteenth span and a twenty second span, the first in-slot portions of the first type of conductor segments are located at outermost layers of one stator slot, and the second in-slot portions of the first type of conductor segments are located at outermost layers of another stator slot.

In some examples of the invention, the second type of conductor segment is located at a second span, a third span, a fifth span, a sixth span, an eighth span, a ninth span, an eleventh span, a twelfth span, a fourteenth span, a fifteenth span, a seventeenth span, an eighteenth span, a twentieth span, a twenty-first span, a twenty-third span, and a twenty-fourth span; the second type of conductor segment comprises conductor segments of the same layer and conductor segments of different layers, wherein the first in-slot part of the conductor segment of the same layer is positioned in the first in-slot part and positioned on the outermost layer of one stator slot, and the second in-slot part is positioned on the outermost layer of the other stator slot, or the first in-slot part of the conductor segment of the same layer is positioned in the first in-slot part and positioned on the innermost layer of one stator slot, and the second in-slot part is positioned on the innermost layer of the other stator slot; the first in-slot part of the conductor segment of the different layer is positioned in the middle slot layer of one stator slot, the second in-slot part is positioned in the middle slot layer of the other stator slot, and the different layer strides.

in some examples of the invention the conductor segments of the third type are located in a fourth, tenth, thirteenth, nineteenth span, the first in-slot portions of the conductor segments of the third type are located in an outermost layer of one stator slot and the second in-slot portions of the conductor segments of the third type are located in an outermost layer of another stator slot.

The motor comprises the stator assembly.

the stator assembly is suitable for a z-slot 2 p-pole m-phase motor, the number of slots per pole per phase is q-z/m/(2 p), the number of parallel branches is a, and a is less than or equal to q, the stator assembly comprises a stator core and a stator winding, the stator core is provided with 48 stator slots, the stator slots are distributed along the circumferential direction of the stator core, in the circumferential direction of the stator core, the stator slots are respectively a1 st slot, a2 nd slot, … and a 48 th slot, each stator slot is provided with 6 slot layers, and the 6 slot layers are respectively an a-th layer, a b-th layer, … and an f-th layer from the radial inner side to the outer side of the stator core; each phase of winding of the stator winding comprises a first winding part and a fourth winding part which are sequentially connected end to end, wherein the first winding part is constructed as an initial section of the winding, and the fourth winding part is constructed as a termination section of the winding; in the first winding portion, the 1 st slot f-th layer is a starting end of the first winding portion, the (25 th slot f-th layer is a terminating end of the first winding portion, the first winding portion includes first to sixth spans, the f-th layer from the 1 st slot f-th layer to the 44 th slot f-th layer is the first span, the f-th layer from the 44 th slot f-th layer to the 44 th slot a-th layer is a second span, in which a winding wire reciprocates between the 44 th slot and the 2 nd slot and is wound from a radially outer side to a radially inner side of the stator core, the f-th layer from the 44 th slot a-th layer to the 38 th slot f-th layer is a third span, in which a winding wire reciprocates between the 44 th slot and the 38 th slot and is wound from a radially inner side to a radially outer side of the stator core, the f-th layer from the 38 th layer to the 31 th layer f-th layer is a fourth span, the f-th slot and the fifth layer 31 th layer 31 a 31 st layer are the fourth span, in a fifth step, the winding wire reciprocates between a 31 st slot and a 37 th slot and is wound from a radially outer side to a radially inner side of the stator core; a sixth step from the 31 st slot, the a th layer and the 25 th slot, the winding reciprocating between the 31 st slot and the 25 th slot and winding from the radial inner side to the radial outer side of the stator core in the sixth step; in the second winding part, the 25 th slot fth layer is the starting end of the second winding part, the 7 th slot second outer layer is the terminal end of the second winding part, the second winding part comprises a seventh span section to a twelfth span section, and the fth layer from the 25 th slot fth layer to the 20 th slot fth layer is a seventh span section; the eighth step is from the 20 th slot (f) th layer to the 20 th slot (a) th layer, and in the eighth step, the winding is reciprocated between the 20 th slot and the 26 th slot and wound from the radial outer side to the radial inner side of the stator core; the nth step from the 20 th slot to the 14 th slot is the ninth step, and in the ninth step, the winding is reciprocated between the 20 th slot and the 14 th slot and wound from the radial inner side to the radial outer side of the stator core; the tenth span is from the 14 th slot f layer to the 7 th slot f layer; the layer a from the 7 th slot to the 7 th slot is an eleventh jump section in which the winding reciprocates between the 7 th slot and the 13 th slot and the winding is wound from the radial outer side to the radial inner side of the stator core; a twelfth step from the 7 th slot a-th layer to the 7 th slot sub-outer layer, in which a winding reciprocates between the 7 th slot and the 1 st slot and the winding is wound from a radially inner side to a radially outer side of the stator core; the 1 st groove is an initial groove, and the outermost layer of the initial groove is connected with a first outgoing line; when the first winding of the one winding is finished, starting from the third winding part, and winding the one winding for the second winding; in the third winding part, the 2 nd slot fth layer is the starting end of the third winding part, the 26 th slot fth layer is the termination end of the third winding part, and a connecting wire is arranged between the 7 th slot secondary outer layer and the 2 nd slot fth layer to connect the termination end of the second winding part with the starting end of the third winding part; the third winding portion comprises thirteenth to eighteenth spans, and the layer f from the layer f of the 2 nd slot to the layer f of the 43 rd slot is a thirteenth span; a fourteenth step from the 43 th slot (f) th layer to the 43 rd slot (a) th layer, in which a winding wire reciprocates between the 43 th slot and the 1 st slot and is wound from a radially outer side to a radially inner side of the stator core; the fifteenth step is from the 43 rd slot a-th layer to the 37 th slot f-th layer, and in the fifteenth step, the winding is reciprocated between the 43 th slot and the 37 th slot and wound from the radial inner side to the radial outer side of the stator core; a sixteenth span is formed from the layer f of the 37 th groove to the layer f of the 32 th groove; the seventeenth jump from the 32 nd slot layer f to the 32 nd slot layer a is that in which the winding reciprocates between the 32 nd slot and the 38 th slot and is wound from the radially outer side to the radially inner side of the stator core; the layer f from the 32 th slot a to the 26 th slot is the eighteenth jump section in which the winding wire reciprocates between the 32 th slot and the 26 th slot and is wound from the radially inner side to the radially outer side of the stator core; in the fourth winding portion, the 26 th slot f-th layer is the starting end of the fourth winding portion, the 8 th slot sub-outer layer is the terminating end of the fourth winding portion, the fourth winding portion comprises nineteenth span to twenty-fourth span, and the f-th layer from the 26 th slot f-th layer to the 19 th slot f-th span is nineteenth span; the twentieth step is a layer a from the 19 th slot f to the 19 th slot, and in the twentieth step, the winding wire reciprocates between the 19 th slot and the 25 th slot and is wound from the radially outer side to the radially inner side of the stator core; the f-th layer from the 19 th slot to the 13 th slot is the twenty-first step in which the winding wire reciprocates between the 19 th slot and the 13 th slot and is wound from the radially inner side to the radially outer side of the stator core; the second twenty-second span section is from the 13 th slot f layer to the 8 th slot f layer; the twenty-third step section is from the 8 th slot (f) th layer to the 8 th slot (a) th layer, and in the twenty-third step section, the winding wire reciprocates between the 8 th slot and the 14 th slot and is wound from the radially outer side to the radially inner side of the stator core; the twenty-fourth step section from the 8 th slot a-th layer to the 8 th slot sub-outer layer, in which the winding wire reciprocates between the 8 th slot and the 2 nd slot and is wound from the radially inner side to the radially outer side of the stator core; and 5 stator slots are arranged between the termination slot and the initial slot, the minor outer layer of the termination slot is connected with the first star point line, and the minor outer layer of the 7 th slot is connected with the outermost layer of the second slot through the bridging line.

Drawings

FIG. 1 is a top view of a stator winding according to an embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is a winding diagram of windings of a stator winding according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of a first winding portion according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of a second winding portion according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of a third winding portion according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of a fourth winding portion according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 7 is a schematic view of a stator assembly according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 8 is an enlarged view at A in FIG. 5;

FIG. 9 is a schematic illustration of a first type of conductor segment of a second type of conductor segment in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 10 is a schematic illustration of a second one of a second type of conductor segments in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 11 is a schematic illustration of a third one of the second type of conductor segments in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 12 is a schematic illustration of a first type of conductor segment according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 13 is a schematic illustration of a third type of conductor segment in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 14 is a wiring diagram of a wire wrap according to an embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 15 is a three-phase two-way wiring diagram according to an embodiment of the present invention.

Reference numerals:

A stator assembly 10;

A stator core 1; a stator slot 11; a trough layer 12;

a stator winding 2;

a winding wire 21;

the first winding portion 211; a first span 2111; a second span 2112; a third span 2113; a fourth span 2114; fifth hop 2115; sixth span 2116;

a second winding portion 212; a seventh span 2121; an eighth hop 2122; a ninth span 2123; a tenth span 2124; an eleventh span 2125; a twelfth span 2126;

a third winding portion 221; thirteenth span 2211; a fourteenth span 2212; a fifteenth hop 2213; a sixteenth span 2214; a seventeenth span 2215; eighteenth hop 2216;

A fourth winding portion 222; the nineteenth span 2221; the twentieth span 2222; a twenty-first span 2223; a twenty-second span 2224; the twenty-third span segment 2225; a twenty-fourth hop 2226;

The first-type conductor segments 23; a bending section 231; a weld end 232; a first in-slot portion 233; a second in-slot portion 234;

A second type of conductor segment 24; a first type conductor segment 241; a second conductor segment 242; the third conductor segment 243;

a third type of conductor segment 25;

A first outgoing line 3; a first star point line 4; and connecting lines 5.

Detailed Description

reference will now be made in detail to embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings. The embodiments described below with reference to the drawings are illustrative and intended to be illustrative of the invention and are not to be construed as limiting the invention.

in the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "central," "longitudinal," "lateral," "length," "width," "thickness," "upper," "lower," "front," "rear," "left," "right," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," "clockwise," "counterclockwise," "axial," "radial," "circumferential," and the like are used in the orientations and positional relationships indicated in the drawings for convenience in describing the invention and to simplify the description, and are not intended to indicate or imply that the referenced devices or elements must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and are therefore not to be considered limiting of the invention. Furthermore, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless otherwise specified.

In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral connection; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.

A stator assembly 10 according to an embodiment of the present invention is described below with reference to fig. 1-15.

as shown in fig. 1 to 15, the stator assembly 10 according to the embodiment of the present invention is suitable for a z-slot 2 p-pole m-phase motor, where the number of slots per pole per phase is q-z/m/(2 p), the number of parallel branches is a, a is ≦ q, where z is the number of stator slots 11, m is the number of phases, and 2p is the number of poles, and the stator assembly 10 is suitable for a z-slot 2 p-pole m-phase motor, where the number of slots z may be 24, 48, 72, etc., the number of phases m may be three-phase, two-phase, or single-phase, and the stator assembly 10 may be used for an 8-pole 48-slot 3-phase motor, where the number of stator slots 11 z is 48, and the number of phases m is 3, where three phases include U-phase, V-phase, and W-phase, and the number of poles 2p is 8 (i.e., the number of pole pair is 4), and p may be 8-pole, 4-pole, and may be set according to a specific application.

the stator assembly 10 may include: the stator core 1 comprises a stator core 1 and a stator winding 2, the stator core 1 comprises a plurality of stator slots 11, the plurality of stator slots 11 are distributed along the circumferential direction of the stator core 1, the invention takes the counterclockwise direction of the circumferential direction as an example, in the counterclockwise direction of the circumferential direction of the stator core 1, the plurality of stator slots 11 are respectively the 1 st slot, the 2 nd slot, …, the i-th slot, …, the n-th slot and …, each stator slot 11 is provided with r slot layers 12, the r slot layers 12 are respectively the a-th layer, the b-th layer, …, the j-th layer, … and the r-th layer from the radial inner side to the outer side of the stator core 1, it should be explained that the r-th layer is the outermost slot layer 12, the up-down direction in fig. 2 refers to the radial direction of the stator core 1, the lower side in fig. 2 is the radial inner side of the stator core 1, and the upper side in fig. 2 is the radial outer side of the stator core 1.

it should be noted that, in the process of counting the number of slots, when a certain slot needs to be determined, the i-th slot may be used as a starting point, when the number is counted to the "i- \ + th" slot, wherein when "-" is between i and x, "" slots are counted in the counterclockwise direction shown in fig. 1, and when "+" is between i and x, "" slots are counted in the clockwise direction shown in fig. 1. For example, when it is necessary to count up to the "i-42" th slot, where "-" is present between i and 42, the "42" slots are counted in the counterclockwise direction shown in fig. 1; for another example, when the number of the "i + 1" th slots is required, wherein "+" is provided between i and 1, the number of "1" slots is counted along the clockwise direction shown in fig. 1.

Each phase winding wire 21 of the stator winding 2 may include first to fourth winding portions 211 to 222 connected end to end in sequence, and it should be explained that the winding wire 21 may include the first, second, third and fourth winding portions 211, 212, 221 and 222. The first winding portion 211 is configured as a start section of the winding wire 21, and the fourth winding portion 222 is configured as a termination section of one winding wire 21.

In the first winding portion 211, the ith slot and the nth layer are the starting ends of the first winding portion 211, the (i-24) slot and the nth layer are the terminating ends of the first winding portion 211, the first winding portion 211 may include a first span 2111 to a sixth span 2116, and it should be noted that the first winding portion 211 may include a first span 2111, a second span 2112, a third span 2113, a fourth span 2114, a fifth span 2115 and a sixth span 2116.

The r-th layer from the ith slot to the (i-5) th slot is a first span 2111, the r-th layer from the (i-5) th slot to the (i-5) th slot is a second span 2112, the winding reciprocates between the (i-5) th slot and the (i-47) th slot and is wound from the radially outer side to the radially inner side of the stator core 1 within the second span 2112, the r-th layer from the (i-5) th slot to the (i-11) th slot is a third span 2113, the winding reciprocates between the (i-5) th slot and the (i-11) th slot and is wound from the radially inner side to the radially outer side of the stator core 1 within the third span 2113, the r-th layer from the (i-11) th layer to the (i-18) th layer is a fourth span 2114, the (i-18) th slot and the (i-18) th slot are the fifth span 2115 a, in the fifth jump 2115, the winding wire is wound back and forth between the (i-18) th slot and the (i-12) th slot and from the radially outer side to the radially inner side of the stator core 1, the layer a from the (i-18) th slot and the layer r from the (i-24) th slot is a sixth jump 2116, and in the sixth jump 2116, the winding wire is wound back and forth between the (i-18) th slot and the (i-24) th slot and from the radially inner side to the radially outer side of the stator core 1.

In the second winding portion 212, the (i-24) th slot r layer is the starting end of the second winding portion 212, the (i-42) th slot second outer layer is the terminating end of the second winding portion 212, the second winding portion 212 may include seventh span 2121 to twelfth span 2126, and it should be noted that the second winding portion 212 may include seventh span 2121, eighth span 2122, ninth span 2123, tenth span 2124, eleventh span 2125 and twelfth span 2126.

the r-th layer from the (i-24) -th slot to the (i-29) -th slot is a seventh span 2121, the r-th layer from the (i-29) -th slot to the (i-29) -th slot is an eighth span 2122, the winding wire reciprocates between the (i-29) -th slot and the (i-23) -th slot and is wound from the radially outer side to the radially inner side of the stator core 1 within the eighth span 2122, the a-th layer from the (i-29) -th slot to the (i-35) -th slot is a ninth span 2123, the winding wire reciprocates between the (i-29) -th slot and the (i-35) -th slot and is wound from the radially inner side to the radially outer side of the stator core 1 within the ninth span 2123, the r-th layer from the (i-35) -th slot to the (i-42) -th slot is a tenth span 2124, the r-th layer from the (i-42) -th slot to the (i-42) -th slot is an eleventh span 2125, in the eleventh span 2125, the winding wire is wound back and forth between the (i-42) th slot and the (i-36) th slot and from the radially outer side to the radially inner side of the stator core 1, the twelfth span 2126 is wound from the a-th layer of the (i-42) th slot to the (i-42) th slot sub-outer layer, and in the twelfth span 2126, the winding wire is wound back and forth between the (i-42) th slot and the i-th slot and from the radially inner side to the radially outer side of the stator core 1.

The ith slot is an initial slot, the outermost layer of the initial slot is connected to the first outgoing line 3, and by this time, the first winding of the one winding 21 is finished, and the one winding 21 starts to be wound for the second winding from the third winding part 221.

And the termination slot has 5 stator slots 11 between the termination slot and the initial slot, the minor outer layer of the termination slot is connected with the first star point line 4, the outermost layer of the (n-47) th slot is connected with the minor outer layer of the (i-42) th slot through a bridge connection, it is noted that, as shown in fig. 3, the 1 st slot may be the initial slot, the f layer of the initial slot is connected with the first outgoing line 3, the 44 th slot may be the termination slot, and the e layer of the termination slot is connected with the first star point line 4.

According to an embodiment of the present invention, taking an 8-pole 48-slot motor as an example, the wiring scheme of the two-way six-turn stator winding 2 is specifically wired as follows, and for convenience of description, it is now specified that 1a represents the 1 st layer of the slot numbered 1, and similarly, 48f represents the 6 th layer of the slot numbered 48.

as shown in fig. 2 to 5, in order to wind the one-way winding 21 for each phase of the stator winding 2, the first lead line 3 is provided at 1f, the first star point line 4 is provided at 7e, the winding start point of the one-way winding 21 for each phase of the stator winding 2 is 1f, and the winding mode of the one-way winding 21 for each phase of the stator winding 2 is as follows:

1f->44f->2e->44d->2c->44b->2a->44a->38b->44c->38d->44e->38f->31f->37e->31d->37c->31b->37a->31a->25b->31c->25d->31e->25f->20f->26e->20d->26c->20b->26a->20a->14b->20c->14d->20e->14f->7f->13e->7d->13c->7b->13a->7a->1b->7c->1d->7e->2f->43f->1e->43d->1c->43b->1a->43a->37b->43c->37d->43e->37f->32f->38e->32d->38c->32b->38a->32a->26b->32c->26d->32e->26f->19f->25e->19d->25c->19b->25a->19a->13b->19c->13d->19e->13f->8f->14e->8d->14c->8b->14a->8a->2b->8c->2d->8e。

The winding is carried out through the winding mode, the winding structure of each phase of the winding 21 of the stator winding 2 can be optimized, the winding mode enables the first outgoing line 3 and the first star point line 4 to be uniformly arranged at the welding end 232, and the height of the welding end 232 can be fully utilized.

In addition, the number of the stator winding 2 is easy to adjust, unbalanced current is not easy to generate when the number of the stator winding is adjusted, the circulation phenomenon can be prevented, and the failure of the motor can be prevented.

It should be noted that, in the process of counting the number of slots, when a certain slot needs to be determined, the nth slot may be used as a starting point, when the number is required to be counted to the "n- \ + th" slot, wherein when "-" is between n and x, the "" -number of slots are counted in the counterclockwise direction shown in fig. 1, and when "+" is between n and x, the "" -number of slots are counted in the clockwise direction shown in fig. 1. For example, when it is necessary to count up to the "n-47" th slot, where "-" is present between n and 47, the "47" slots are counted in the counterclockwise direction shown in fig. 1; for another example, when the number of the "n + 1" th slots is required, wherein "+" is provided between n and 1, the number of "1" slots is counted along the clockwise direction shown in fig. 1.

In the third winding portion 221, the (n-47) th slot r layer is a start end of the third winding portion 221, the (n-23) th slot r layer is a termination end of the third winding portion 221, and a connection line 5 is provided between the (i-42) th slot sub-outer layer and the (n-47) th slot r layer to connect the termination end of the second winding portion 212 and the start end of the third winding portion 221.

The third winding portion 221 may include thirteenth through eighteenth spans 2211 through 2216, it should be explained that the third winding portion 221 may include thirteenth, fourteenth, fifteenth, sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth spans 2211, 2212, 2213, 2214.

The thirteenth span 2211 from the (n-47) th slot nth layer to the (n-6) th slot nth layer; the nth layer is a fourteenth spanning section 2212 from the (n-6) th layer to the (n-6) th layer, the winding wire reciprocates between the (n-6) th and nth slots in the fourteenth spanning section 2212 and is wound from the radially outer side to the radially inner side of the stator core 1, the nth layer is a fifteenth spanning section 2213 from the (n-6) th layer to the (n-12) th slot, the winding wire reciprocates between the (n-6) th and (n-12) th slots in the fifteenth spanning section 2213 and is wound from the radially inner side to the radially outer side of the stator core 1, the nth layer is a sixteenth spanning section 2214 from the (n-12) th to (n-17) th slots, the nth layer is a seventeenth spanning section 2215 from the (n-17) th slot to the (n-17) th slot, and the seventeenth spanning section 2215 is a seventeenth spanning section 2215 in the seventeenth spanning section 2215, the nth layer is a winding wire reciprocates between the (n-17) th and the (n-17) th slot and the (n-11) th slot 22111 Is the eighteenth step 2216 from the (n-17) th slot a-th layer to the (n-23) th slot r-th layer, and within the eighteenth step 2216, the winding is reciprocated between the (n-17) th slot and the (n-23) th slot and is wound from the radially inner side to the radially outer side of the stator core 1.

In the fourth winding portion 222, the (n-23) th slot r layer is the starting end of the fourth winding portion 222, the (n-41) th slot sub-outer layer is the terminating end of the fourth winding portion 222, the fourth winding portion 222 may include nineteenth spans 2221 to twenty-fourth spans 2226, and it should be noted that the third winding portion 221 may include nineteenth spans 2221, twentieth spans 2222, twenty-first spans 2223, twenty-second spans 2224, twenty-third spans 2225 and twenty-fourth spans 2226.

The nth layer from the (n-23) th slot to the (n-30) th slot is the nineteenth span 2221, the nth layer from the (n-30) th slot to the (n-30) th slot is the twentieth span 2222, within the twentieth span 2222, the winding reciprocates between the (n-30) th slot and the (n-24) th slot and is wound from the radially outer side to the radially inner side of the stator core 1, the nth layer from the (n-30) th slot to the (n-36) th slot is the twenty-first span 2223, within the twenty-first span 2223, the winding reciprocates between the (n-30) th slot and the (n-36) th slot and is wound from the radially inner side to the radially outer side of the stator core 1, the nth layer from the (n-36) th slot to the (n-41) th slot is the twenty-second span 2224, and the twentieth span 22241 from the (n-36) th slot to the (n-41) th slot is the twenty-second span 2224, and from the twenty-41) th layer from the twenty-n-30 th slot to the twenty-41 2225, in the twenty-third span section 2225, the winding wire is wound back and forth between the (n-41) th and (n-35) th slots and from the radial outer side to the radial inner side of the stator core 1, the twenty-fourth span section 2226 is wound back and forth from the a-th layer of the (n-41) th slot to the (n-41) th layer of the slot, and in the twenty-fourth span section 2226, the winding wire is wound back and forth between the (n-41) th and (n-47) th slots and from the radial inner side to the radial outer side of the stator core 1.

in addition, in the winding process, the first span section 2111, the fourth span section 2114, the tenth span section 2124 and the seventh span section 2121 are provided with pitches different from those of other span sections, so that the potential vector of the stator slot 11 is balanced, the potential phase angle difference of the slot moment angle is suppressed, the potential balance between sub-circuits is finally realized, the internal circulation of the stator winding 2 can be suppressed, the low temperature rise effect is achieved, the circulation is suppressed, the harmonic electromagnetic excitation generated by the circulation can be suppressed, and the vibration and noise during the operation of the motor can be greatly suppressed.

Therefore, the stator core 1 and the stator winding 2 are matched, the first outgoing line 3 and the first star point line 4 can be uniformly arranged at the welding end 232, the height of the welding end 232 can be fully utilized, the circulation phenomenon can be prevented, and the failure of the motor can be prevented.

In some embodiments, as shown in fig. 9-13, the stator winding 2 may include a plurality of conductor segments, each of which may include a bent portion 231 and first and second in-slot portions 233 and 234 connected to the bent portion 231, respectively, and the first and second in-slot portions 233 and 234 of the plurality of conductor segments located in adjacent layers are welded at the welding end 232. The first in-slot portion 233 passes through one of the slot layers 12 in one of the stator slots 11, the second in-slot portion 234 passes through one of the slot layers 12 in the other stator slot 11, and the first in-slot portion 233 and the second in-slot portion 234 pass through the stator slots 11 with their ends extending beyond the stator core 1.

The end of the first in-slot portion 233 remote from the bending portion 231 is located outside the stator slot 11, and this partial structure may form a welding end 232, and correspondingly, the end of the second in-slot portion 234 remote from the bending portion 231 is located outside the stator slot 11, and this partial structure may form another welding end 232.

The conductor segments are non-circular in any cross-section perpendicular to their direction of extension, and as an embodiment are rectangular in cross-section. Alternatively, any cross section of the U-shaped conductor segments is rectangular in shape, the shorter sides of the rectangle being perpendicular to the bottom wall of the stator slot 11. Further, the cross-sectional areas of the U-shaped conductor segments are equal in the extending direction of the U-shaped conductor segments. When a plurality of conductor segments are simultaneously inserted into the stator slots 11 of the stator core 1, interference between adjacent conductor segments is more effectively prevented.

as shown in fig. 14 and 15, the end where the bent part of the conductor segment is located may be a hairpin end of the stator winding 2, and the ends of the first in-slot portion 233 and the second in-slot portion 234 are located may be referred to as a welding end 232 of the stator winding 2, the welding end 232 being formed by sequentially welding the first in-slot portion 233 of the plurality of U-shaped conductor segments and the second in-slot portion 234 of the conductor segment adjacent thereto.

In some embodiments, as shown in fig. 9-13, the conductor segments may comprise a first type of conductor segment 23, a second type of conductor segment 24, and a third type of conductor segment 25, the pitch between the first in-slot portion 233 and the second in-slot portion 234 of the first type of conductor segment 23 being (y-1) stator slots 11, the pitch between the first in-slot portion 233 and the second in-slot portion 234 of the second type of conductor segment 24 being y stator slots 11, and the pitch between the first in-slot portion 233 and the second in-slot portion 234 of the third type of conductor segment 25 being (y +1) stator slots 11, where y is an integer and y is z/2 p.

In some embodiments, the first-type conductor segment 23 is located at the first span 2111, the seventh span 2121, the sixteenth span 2214 and the twenty-second span 2224, the first in-slot portion 233 of the first-type conductor segment 23 is located at the outermost layer of one stator slot 11, and the second in-slot portion 234 of the first-type conductor segment 23 is located at the outermost layer of another stator slot 11. The winding mode of this application, the kind of required first type conductor section 23 is less relatively, and the molding process of first type conductor section 23 is simple, and required production facility is few, can carry out batch production, simultaneously, uses this first type conductor section 23, can reduce welding end 232 solder joint quantity, can reduce manufacturing cost.

in some embodiments, the conductor segments 24 of the second type are located at the second span 2112, the third span 2113, the fifth span 2115, the sixth span 2116, the eighth span 2122, the ninth span 2123, the eleventh span 2125, the twelfth span 2126, the fourteenth span 2212, the fifteenth span 2213, the seventeenth span 2215, the eighteenth span 2216, the twentieth span 2222, the twenty-first span 2223, the twenty-third span 2225, and the twenty-fourth span 2226.

The conductor segments 24 of the second type may comprise conductor segments of the same layer and conductor segments of different layers, the first in-slot portions 233 of conductor segments of the same layer being located in the first in-slot portions 233 in the outermost layer of one stator slot 11 and the second in-slot portions 234 in the outermost layer of another stator slot 11, or the first in-slot portions 233 of conductor segments of the same layer being located in the innermost layer of one stator slot 11 and the second in-slot portions 234 in the innermost layer of another stator slot 11, the first in-slot portions 233 of conductor segments of different layers being located in the middle slot layers 12 of one stator slot 11 and the second in-slot portions 234 being located in the middle slot layers 12 of another stator slot 11, with different layer spans.

in some embodiments the conductor segments 25 of the third type are located in the fourth span 2114, the tenth span 2124, the thirteenth span 2211, the nineteenth span 2221, the first in-slot portions 233 of the conductor segments 25 of the third type being located in the outermost layer of one stator slot 11 and the second in-slot portions 234 of the conductor segments 25 of the third type being located in the outermost layer of another stator slot 11.

The motor according to the embodiment of the invention comprises the stator assembly 10 of the above embodiment, the stator assembly 10 is arranged and mounted on the motor, and the stator assembly 10 enables the first outgoing line 3 and the first star point line 4 to be arranged at the welding end 232, so that the height of the welding end 232 can be fully utilized, the circulation phenomenon can be prevented, the failure of the motor can be prevented, and the working reliability of the motor can be further ensured.

According to a specific embodiment of the present invention, the stator assembly 10 is suitable for a z-slot 2 p-pole m-phase motor, the number of slots per pole per phase is q ═ z/m/(2p), the number of parallel branches is a, a ≦ q, the stator assembly 10 includes a stator core 1 and a stator winding 2, the stator core 1 has 48 stator slots 11, the plurality of stator slots 11 are distributed along the circumferential direction of the stator core 1, in the circumferential direction of the stator core 1, the plurality of stator slots 11 are respectively the 1 st slot, the 2 nd slot, …, and the 48 th slot, each stator slot 11 has 6 slot layers 12, and the 6 slot layers 12 are respectively the a-th layer, the b-th layer, …, and the f-th layer from the radial inside to the outside of the stator core 1.

The stator winding 2 is characterized in that one winding 21 of each phase comprises a first winding part 211 to a fourth winding part 222 which are sequentially connected end to end, the first winding part 211 is constructed as a starting section of the winding 21, and the fourth winding part 222 is constructed as an ending section of the winding 21.

in the first winding portion 211, the 1 st slot f-th layer is a starting end of the first winding portion 211, the (25 th slot f-th layer is a terminating end of the first winding portion 211, the first winding portion 211 includes first to sixth spans 2111 to 2116, the f-th layer is a first span 2111 from the 1 st slot f-th layer to the 44 th slot f-th layer, the a-th layer is a second span 2112 from the 44 th slot f-th layer to the 44 th slot a, in the second span 2112, the winding wire reciprocates between the 44 th slot and the 2 nd slot and is wound from a radially outer side to a radially inner side of the stator core 1, the f-th layer is a third span 2113 from the 44 th slot a-th layer to the 38 th slot f-th layer, in the third span 2113, the winding wire reciprocates between the 44 th slot and the 38 th slot and is wound from the radially inner side to the radially outer side of the stator core 1, the f-th layer to 31 f-th layer is a fourth span 2114 and a fifth span 2115, at a fifth jump 2115, the winding reciprocates between the 31 st slot and the 37 th slot and is wound from the radially outer side to the radially inner side of the stator core 1; the a-th and f-th layers from the 31 st slot and the 25 th slot are sixth steps 2116, and in the sixth steps 2116, the winding is reciprocated between the 31 st slot and the 25 th slot and wound from the radially inner side to the radially outer side of the stator core 1.

Within the second winding portion 212, the 25 th slot f-th layer is the starting end of the second winding portion 212, the 7 th slot second outer layer is the terminating end of the second winding portion 212, the second winding portion 212 includes seventh spans 2121 to 2126, and the seventh span 2121 is the f-th layer from the 25 th slot f-th layer to the 20 th slot f-th layer; an eighth jump 2122 from the f-th slot of the 20 th slot to the a-th slot of the 20 th slot, and in the eighth jump 2122, the winding reciprocates between the 20 th slot and the 26 th slot and is wound from the radially outer side to the radially inner side of the stator core 1; the f-th layer from the 20 th slot a-th layer to the 14 th slot is a ninth span 2123, and in the ninth span 2123, the winding reciprocates between the 20 th slot and the 14 th slot and is wound from the radially inner side to the radially outer side of the stator core 1; from the 14 th groove layer f to the 7 th groove layer f is a tenth span 2124; an eleventh jump 2125 from the 7 th slot f-th layer to the 7 th slot a-th layer, in which eleventh jump 2125 the winding reciprocates between the 7 th slot and the 13 th slot and the winding is wound from the radial outside to the radial inside of the stator core 1; the a-th layer from the 7 th slot to the 7 th slot is a twelfth jump 2126, and in the twelfth jump 2126, the winding reciprocates between the 7 th slot and the 1 st slot and is wound from the radially inner side to the radially outer side of the stator core 1.

the 1 st groove is an initial groove, and the outermost layer of the initial groove is connected with a first outgoing line 3; by this, the first winding of the one winding wire 21 is completed, and the one winding wire 21 starts to be wound for the second winding from the third winding portion 221.

in the third winding portion 221, the 2 nd slot fth layer is the starting end of the third winding portion 221, the 26 th slot fth layer is the terminating end of the third winding portion 221, and a connection line 5 is provided between the 7 th slot sub-outer layer and the 2 nd slot fth layer to connect the terminating end of the second winding portion 212 and the starting end of the third winding portion 221.

The third winding portion 221 includes thirteenth to eighteenth spans 2211 to 2216, and the thirteenth span 2211 is the fth layer from the 2 nd slot to the 43 rd slot; a fourteenth step 2212 from the 43 th slot (f) th layer to the 43 th slot (a) th layer, and in the fourteenth step 2212, the winding is reciprocated between the 43 th slot and the 1 st slot and wound from the radial outer side to the radial inner side of the stator core 1; a fifteenth step 2213 from the 43 th slot a to the 37 th slot f, in which fifteenth step 2213 the winding reciprocates between the 43 th slot and the 37 th slot and is wound from the radially inner side to the radially outer side of the stator core 1; a sixteenth step 2214 from the fth layer of the 37 th slot to the fth layer of the 32 th slot; a seventeenth jump 2215 from the 32 th slot (f) th layer to the 32 th slot (a) th layer, in the seventeenth jump 2215, the winding reciprocates between the 32 th slot and the 38 th slot and is wound from the radially outer side to the radially inner side of the stator core 1; the (f) th layer from the 32 nd slot (a) th layer to the 26 th slot is an eighteenth jump 2216, and in the eighteenth jump 2216, the winding is reciprocated between the 32 th slot and the 26 th slot and wound from the radially inner side to the radially outer side of the stator core 1.

In the fourth winding portion 222, the layer f of the 26 th slot is the starting end of the fourth winding portion 222, the layer f of the 8 th slot is the terminating end of the fourth winding portion 222, the fourth winding portion 222 includes nineteenth spans 2221 to 2226, and the layer f of the 26 th slot to the 19 th slot is the nineteenth span 2221; the twentieth jump 2222 from the 19 th slot (f) th layer to the 19 th slot (a) th layer, and in the twentieth jump 2222, the winding is reciprocated between the 19 th slot and the 25 th slot and wound from the radially outer side to the radially inner side of the stator core 1; the f-th layer from the 19 th slot a-th layer to the 13 th slot is a twenty-first step 2223, and within the twenty-first step 2223, the winding reciprocates between the 19 th slot and the 13 th slot and is wound from the radially inner side to the radially outer side of the stator core 1; the twenty-second hop 2224 from the 13 th slot level f to the 8 th slot level f; the ith layer is a twenty-third spanning section 2225 from the ith layer of the 8 th slot to the ith layer of the 8 th slot, and in the twenty-third spanning section 2225, the winding wire reciprocates between the ith and eighth slots and is wound from the radially outer side to the radially inner side of the stator core 1; the a-th layer from the 8 th slot to the 8 th slot is a twenty-fourth spanning section 2226, and in the twenty-fourth spanning section 2226, the winding wire reciprocates between the 8 th slot and the 2 nd slot and is wound from the radially inner side to the radially outer side of the stator core 1.

Wherein there are 5 stator slots 11 between the termination slot and the initial slot, the minor outer layer of the termination slot connects the first dotted line 4, and the minor outer layer of the 7 th slot connects the outermost layer of the second slot through a bridge connection.

In some embodiments, the connection is made from layer a to layer a by the first conductor segment 241 in the second type of conductor segment 24 shown in fig. 10, from layer b to layer c by the second conductor segment 242 in the second type of conductor segment 24 shown in fig. 11, from layer d to layer e by the third conductor segment 243 in the second type of conductor segment 24 shown in fig. 12, from layer f to layer f by an inner and outer hairpin, a span of 5 by the second type of conductor segment 24 shown in fig. 13, a span of 7 by the third type of conductor segment 25 shown in fig. 14, from layer a to layer b, c to layer d, and e to layer f by hairpin non-closed end welding.

as shown in fig. 12 and 13, a1, B1, and C1 are lead lines of the winding 21, X1, Y1, and Z1 are star point lines of the winding 21, a2, B2, and C2 are lead lines of the second winding, X2, Y2, and Z2 are star point lines of the second winding, and a to f may respectively represent the 1 st to 6 th layers (the 1 st layer is located near the notch, and the 6 th layer is located at the bottom of the groove) in the same groove.

In the description herein, references to the description of the term "one embodiment," "some embodiments," "an example," "a specific example," or "some examples," etc., mean that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the invention. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above are not necessarily intended to refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples. Furthermore, various embodiments or examples and features of different embodiments or examples described in this specification can be combined and combined by one skilled in the art without contradiction.

Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described above, it is understood that the above embodiments are exemplary and should not be construed as limiting the present invention, and that variations, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made to the above embodiments by those of ordinary skill in the art within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. The stator assembly is suitable for a z-slot 2 p-pole m-phase motor, the number of slots of each pole of the motor is q, z/m/(2p), the number of parallel branches is a, and a is not more than q, the stator assembly comprises a stator core and a stator winding, the stator core is provided with a plurality of stator slots, the stator slots are distributed along the circumferential direction of the stator core, in the circumferential direction of the stator core, the stator slots are respectively a1 st slot, a2 nd slot, …, an ith slot, …, an nth slot and …, each stator slot is provided with r slot layers, and the r slot layers are respectively an a-th layer, a b-th layer, a …, a j-th layer, a … and an r-th layer from the radial inner side to the outer side of the stator core;
the stator winding is characterized in that each phase of winding of the stator winding comprises a first winding part to a fourth winding part which are sequentially connected end to end, the first winding part is constructed as the starting section of the winding, and the fourth winding part is constructed as the ending section of the winding;
In the first winding portion, the ith slot nth layer is the starting end of the first winding portion, the (i-24) th slot nth layer is the terminating end of the first winding portion, the first winding portion comprises a first span section to a sixth span section, and the first span section is from the ith slot nth layer to the (i-5) th slot nth layer; the (i-5) th slot, the (r) th slot, the (i-5) th slot, the (a) th slot and the (i-5) th slot are a second span, and a winding wire reciprocates between the (i-5) th slot and the (i-47) th slot in the second span and is wound from the radial outer side to the radial inner side of the stator core; an a-th layer from an (i-5) th slot to an (i-11) th slot is a third step in which a winding wire reciprocates between the (i-5) th slot and the (i-11) th slot and the winding wire is wound from a radially inner side to a radially outer side of the stator core; a fourth span from the (i-11) th layer to the (i-18) th layer; the (i-18) th slot (r) th layer and the (i-18) th slot (a) th layer are fifth spans, and in the fifth spans, the winding wire reciprocates between the (i-18) th slot and the (i-12) th slot and is wound from the radial outer side to the radial inner side of the stator core; the a-th layer from the (i-18) th slot and the r-th layer from the (i-24) th slot are sixth jumps in which windings reciprocate between the (i-18) th slot and the (i-24) th slot and are wound from the radially inner side to the radially outer side of the stator core;
within said second winding portion, the (i-24) th slot th layer is the starting end of said second winding portion, the (i-42) th slot second outer layer is the terminating end of said second winding portion, said second winding portion comprises a seventh span to a twelfth span, the (i-24) th slot th layer to the (i-29) th slot th layer is the seventh span; the (i-29) th slot, the (a) th slot, and the (i-29) th slot are the eighth spans in which windings reciprocate between the (i-29) th slot and the (i-23) th slot and are wound from the radially outer side to the radially inner side of the stator core; the (i-29) th slot (a) th layer to the (i-35) th slot (r) th layer is the ninth span within which the winding reciprocates between the (i-29) th slot and the (i-35) th slot and the winding is wound from the radially inner side to the radially outer side of the stator core; the tenth span is from the (i-35) th groove nth layer to the (i-42) th groove nth layer; an eleventh jump from the (i-42) th slot layer to the (i-42) th slot layer a, in which a winding reciprocates between the (i-42) th slot and the (i-36) th slot and the winding is wound from a radially outer side to a radially inner side of the stator core; an a-th layer from the (i-42) th slot to the (i-42) th slot sub-outer layer is a twelfth jump section in which a winding wire reciprocates between the (i-42) th slot and the i-th slot and the winding wire is wound from a radially inner side to a radially outer side of the stator core;
the ith groove is an initial groove, and the outermost layer of the initial groove is connected with a first outgoing line;
When the first winding of the one winding is finished, starting from the third winding part, and winding the one winding for the second winding;
in the third winding part, the (n-47) th layer of the slot is the starting end of the third winding part, the (n-23) th layer of the slot is the termination end of the third winding part, and a connecting line is arranged between the (i-42) th secondary outer layer of the slot and the (n-47) th layer of the slot to connect the termination end of the second winding part with the starting end of the third winding part;
The third winding portion comprises thirteenth to eighteenth spans from the (n-47) th slot nth layer to the (n-6) th slot nth layer; the (n-6) th slot, the (r) th slot, to the (n-6) th slot, the a th layer being the fourteenth span within which the winding reciprocates between the (n-6) th slot and the n-th slot and the winding from the radially outer side to the radially inner side of the stator core; the (n-6) th slot (a) th layer to the (n-12) th slot (r) th layer is the fifteenth jump section in which the winding wire reciprocates between the (n-6) th slot and the (n-12) th slot and the winding wire is wound from the radially inner side to the radially outer side of the stator core; a sixteenth span from the (n-12) th groove nth layer to the (n-17) th groove nth layer; the seventeenth jump from the (n-17) th slot nth layer to the (n-17) th slot nth layer, within which a winding reciprocates between the (n-17) th slot and the (n-11) th slot and the winding is wound from a radially outer side to a radially inner side of the stator core; the (n-17) th slot a-th layer to the (n-23) th slot r-th layer are the eighteenth jump section in which the winding wire reciprocates between the (n-17) th slot and the (n-23) th slot and is wound from the radially inner side to the radially outer side of the stator core;
Within the fourth winding portion, the (n-23) th slot nth layer is the starting end of the fourth winding portion, the (n-41) th slot next to outer layer is the terminating end of the fourth winding portion, the fourth winding portion comprises nineteenth to twenty fourth spans, and the (n-23) th slot nth layer to the (n-30) th slot nth layer is the nineteenth span; the twentieth step is from the (n-30) th slot (r) th layer to the (n-30) th slot (a) th layer, and within the twentieth step, the winding is reciprocated between the (n-30) th slot and the (n-24) th slot and wound from the radially outer side to the radially inner side of the stator core; the (n-30) th slot a-th layer to the (n-36) th slot r-th layer are the twenty-first spans in which the winding wire reciprocates between the (n-30) th slot and the (n-36) th slot and the winding wire is wound from the radially inner side to the radially outer side of the stator core; the twenty-second span is from the (n-36) th groove layer to the (n-41) th groove layer; the (n-41) th slot, the (r) th slot, to the (n-41) th slot, the a-th slot is the twenty-third step in which a winding wire reciprocates between the (n-41) th slot and the (n-35) th slot and the winding wire is wound from a radially outer side to a radially inner side of the stator core; the twenty-fourth step section from the (n-41) th slot a-th layer to the (n-41) th slot sub-outer layer, in which the winding wire reciprocates between the (n-41) th slot and the (n-47) th slot and the winding wire is wound from the radially inner side to the radially outer side of the stator core;
Wherein, there are 5 stator slots between the termination slot and the initial slot, the minor outer layer of the termination slot connects the first dotted line, and the (n-47) th slot outermost layer and the (i-42) th slot minor outer layer are connected by a bridge connection.
2. The stator assembly of claim 1 wherein n ═ i.
3. The stator assembly according to claim 1, wherein the stator winding comprises a plurality of conductor segments, each of the conductor segments comprising a bend and a first in-slot portion and a second in-slot portion connected to the bend, respectively, the first in-slot portion and the second in-slot portion of the plurality of conductor segments located in adjacent layers being welded together at welding ends.
4. The stator assembly according to claim 3, characterized in that the conductor segments comprise a first type of conductor segments, a second type of conductor segments and a third type of conductor segments, the pitch between the first in-slot portions and the second in-slot portions of the first type of conductor segments being (y-1) stator slots, the pitch between the first in-slot portions and the second in-slot portions of the second type of conductor segments being y stator slots, the pitch between the first in-slot portions and the second in-slot portions of the third type of conductor segments being (y +1) stator slots, wherein y is an integer and y is z/2 p.
5. The stator assembly according to claim 4, wherein the first conductor segment type is located at a first span, a seventh span, a sixteenth span, and a twenty second span, the first in-slot portion of the first conductor segment type being located at an outermost layer of one stator slot, and the second in-slot portion of the first conductor segment type being located at an outermost layer of another stator slot.
6. the stator assembly of claim 4, wherein the second type of conductor segment is located at a second span, a third span, a fifth span, a sixth span, an eighth span, a ninth span, an eleventh span, a twelfth span, a fourteenth span, a fifteenth span, a seventeenth span, an eighteenth span, a twentieth span, a twenty-first span, a twenty-third span, and a twenty-fourth span;
the second type of conductor segment comprises conductor segments of the same layer and conductor segments of different layers, wherein the first in-slot part of the conductor segment of the same layer is positioned in the first in-slot part and positioned on the outermost layer of one stator slot, and the second in-slot part is positioned on the outermost layer of the other stator slot, or the first in-slot part of the conductor segment of the same layer is positioned in the first in-slot part and positioned on the innermost layer of one stator slot, and the second in-slot part is positioned on the innermost layer of the other stator slot; the first in-slot part of the conductor segment of the different layer is positioned in the middle slot layer of one stator slot, the second in-slot part is positioned in the middle slot layer of the other stator slot, and the different layer strides.
7. The stator assembly according to claim 4, characterized in that the conductor segments of the third type are located at a fourth, tenth, thirteenth, nineteenth step, the first in-slot portions of the conductor segments of the third type being located at the outermost layer of one stator slot and the second in-slot portions of the conductor segments of the third type being located at the outermost layer of another stator slot.
8. an electrical machine comprising a stator assembly according to any of claims 1-7.
9. The stator assembly is suitable for a z-slot 2 p-pole m-phase motor, the number of slots of each pole of each phase is q, z/m/(2p), the number of parallel branches is a, a is less than or equal to q, the stator assembly comprises a stator core and a stator winding, the stator core is provided with 48 stator slots, a plurality of stator slots are distributed along the circumferential direction of the stator core, in the circumferential direction of the stator core, the stator slots are respectively a1 st slot, a2 nd slot, … and a 48 th slot, each stator slot is provided with 6 slot layers, and the 6 slot layers are respectively an a-th layer, a b-th layer, a … and an f-th layer from the radial inner side to the outer side of the stator core;
The stator winding is characterized in that each phase of winding of the stator winding comprises a first winding part to a fourth winding part which are sequentially connected end to end, the first winding part is constructed as the starting section of the winding, and the fourth winding part is constructed as the ending section of the winding;
In the first winding portion, the 1 st slot f-th layer is a starting end of the first winding portion, the (25 th slot f-th layer is a terminating end of the first winding portion, the first winding portion includes first to sixth spans, the f-th layer from the 1 st slot f-th layer to the 44 th slot f-th layer is the first span, the f-th layer from the 44 th slot f-th layer to the 44 th slot a-th layer is a second span, in which a winding wire reciprocates between the 44 th slot and the 2 nd slot and is wound from a radially outer side to a radially inner side of the stator core, the f-th layer from the 44 th slot a-th layer to the 38 th slot f-th layer is a third span, in which a winding wire reciprocates between the 44 th slot and the 38 th slot and is wound from a radially inner side to a radially outer side of the stator core, the f-th layer from the 38 th layer to the 31 th layer f-th layer is a fourth span, the f-th slot and the fifth layer 31 th layer 31 a 31 st layer are the fourth span, in a fifth step, the winding wire reciprocates between a 31 st slot and a 37 th slot and is wound from a radially outer side to a radially inner side of the stator core; a sixth step from the 31 st slot, the a th layer and the 25 th slot, the winding reciprocating between the 31 st slot and the 25 th slot and winding from the radial inner side to the radial outer side of the stator core in the sixth step;
In the second winding part, the 25 th slot fth layer is the starting end of the second winding part, the 7 th slot second outer layer is the terminal end of the second winding part, the second winding part comprises a seventh span section to a twelfth span section, and the fth layer from the 25 th slot fth layer to the 20 th slot fth layer is a seventh span section; the eighth step is from the 20 th slot (f) th layer to the 20 th slot (a) th layer, and in the eighth step, the winding is reciprocated between the 20 th slot and the 26 th slot and wound from the radial outer side to the radial inner side of the stator core; the nth step from the 20 th slot to the 14 th slot is the ninth step, and in the ninth step, the winding is reciprocated between the 20 th slot and the 14 th slot and wound from the radial inner side to the radial outer side of the stator core; the tenth span is from the 14 th slot f layer to the 7 th slot f layer; the layer a from the 7 th slot to the 7 th slot is an eleventh jump section in which the winding reciprocates between the 7 th slot and the 13 th slot and the winding is wound from the radial outer side to the radial inner side of the stator core; a twelfth step from the 7 th slot a-th layer to the 7 th slot sub-outer layer, in which a winding reciprocates between the 7 th slot and the 1 st slot and the winding is wound from a radially inner side to a radially outer side of the stator core;
The 1 st groove is an initial groove, and the outermost layer of the initial groove is connected with a first outgoing line;
when the first winding of the one winding is finished, starting from the third winding part, and winding the one winding for the second winding;
In the third winding part, the 2 nd slot fth layer is the starting end of the third winding part, the 26 th slot fth layer is the termination end of the third winding part, and a connecting wire is arranged between the 7 th slot secondary outer layer and the 2 nd slot fth layer to connect the termination end of the second winding part with the starting end of the third winding part;
The third winding portion comprises thirteenth to eighteenth spans, and the layer f from the layer f of the 2 nd slot to the layer f of the 43 rd slot is a thirteenth span; a fourteenth step from the 43 th slot (f) th layer to the 43 rd slot (a) th layer, in which a winding wire reciprocates between the 43 th slot and the 1 st slot and is wound from a radially outer side to a radially inner side of the stator core; the fifteenth step is from the 43 rd slot a-th layer to the 37 th slot f-th layer, and in the fifteenth step, the winding is reciprocated between the 43 th slot and the 37 th slot and wound from the radial inner side to the radial outer side of the stator core; a sixteenth span is formed from the layer f of the 37 th groove to the layer f of the 32 th groove; the seventeenth jump from the 32 nd slot layer f to the 32 nd slot layer a is that in which the winding reciprocates between the 32 nd slot and the 38 th slot and is wound from the radially outer side to the radially inner side of the stator core; the layer f from the 32 th slot a to the 26 th slot is the eighteenth jump section in which the winding wire reciprocates between the 32 th slot and the 26 th slot and is wound from the radially inner side to the radially outer side of the stator core;
In the fourth winding portion, the 26 th slot f-th layer is the starting end of the fourth winding portion, the 8 th slot sub-outer layer is the terminating end of the fourth winding portion, the fourth winding portion comprises nineteenth span to twenty-fourth span, and the f-th layer from the 26 th slot f-th layer to the 19 th slot f-th span is nineteenth span; the twentieth step is a layer a from the 19 th slot f to the 19 th slot, and in the twentieth step, the winding wire reciprocates between the 19 th slot and the 25 th slot and is wound from the radially outer side to the radially inner side of the stator core; the f-th layer from the 19 th slot to the 13 th slot is the twenty-first step in which the winding wire reciprocates between the 19 th slot and the 13 th slot and is wound from the radially inner side to the radially outer side of the stator core; the second twenty-second span section is from the 13 th slot f layer to the 8 th slot f layer; the twenty-third step section is from the 8 th slot (f) th layer to the 8 th slot (a) th layer, and in the twenty-third step section, the winding wire reciprocates between the 8 th slot and the 14 th slot and is wound from the radially outer side to the radially inner side of the stator core; the twenty-fourth step section from the 8 th slot a-th layer to the 8 th slot sub-outer layer, in which the winding wire reciprocates between the 8 th slot and the 2 nd slot and is wound from the radially inner side to the radially outer side of the stator core;
And 5 stator slots are arranged between the termination slot and the initial slot, the minor outer layer of the termination slot is connected with the first star point line, and the minor outer layer of the 7 th slot is connected with the outermost layer of the second slot through the bridging line.
CN201810551321.9A 2018-05-31 2018-05-31 stator assembly and motor CN110556957A (en)

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