CN110550843A - First-level treatment system for domestic sewage - Google Patents

First-level treatment system for domestic sewage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110550843A
CN110550843A CN201910767750.4A CN201910767750A CN110550843A CN 110550843 A CN110550843 A CN 110550843A CN 201910767750 A CN201910767750 A CN 201910767750A CN 110550843 A CN110550843 A CN 110550843A
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China
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treatment
separator
sewage
valve
sludge
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CN201910767750.4A
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CN110550843B (en
Inventor
江霞
谢玲玲
孙玉萧
刘毅
韩雅芳
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Sichuan University
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Sichuan University
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F11/00Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor
    • C02F11/12Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor by de-watering, drying or thickening
    • C02F11/121Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor by de-watering, drying or thickening by mechanical de-watering
    • C02F11/123Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor by de-watering, drying or thickening by mechanical de-watering using belt or band filters
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F11/00Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor
    • C02F11/12Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor by de-watering, drying or thickening
    • C02F11/121Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor by de-watering, drying or thickening by mechanical de-watering
    • C02F11/127Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor by de-watering, drying or thickening by mechanical de-watering by centrifugation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F11/00Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor
    • C02F11/12Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor by de-watering, drying or thickening
    • C02F11/13Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor by de-watering, drying or thickening by heating
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F9/00Multistage treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/001Processes for the treatment of water whereby the filtration technique is of importance
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/28Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/40Devices for separating or removing fatty or oily substances or similar floating material
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/44Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by dialysis, osmosis or reverse osmosis
    • C02F1/442Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by dialysis, osmosis or reverse osmosis by nanofiltration
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/50Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by addition or application of a germicide or by oligodynamic treatment
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/52Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flocculation or precipitation of suspended impurities
    • C02F1/5236Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flocculation or precipitation of suspended impurities using inorganic agents
    • C02F1/5245Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flocculation or precipitation of suspended impurities using inorganic agents using basic salts, e.g. of aluminium and iron
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F2001/007Processes including a sedimentation step
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2101/00Nature of the contaminant
    • C02F2101/30Organic compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2201/00Apparatus for treatment of water, waste water or sewage
    • C02F2201/002Construction details of the apparatus
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2201/00Apparatus for treatment of water, waste water or sewage
    • C02F2201/002Construction details of the apparatus
    • C02F2201/007Modular design
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/34Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the microorganisms used

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of sewage treatment, in particular to a primary treatment system for domestic sewage, which comprises a coarse grid component and a fine grid component which are sequentially connected together, and further comprises a first boiling bed separator, a collector, a shape coalescer and an oil storage tank, wherein the fine grid component is connected with the first boiling bed separator, the first boiling bed separator is connected with the shape coalescer and the collector, and the oil storage tank is connected with the shape coalescer. The invention finishes the removal treatment of the sand grains and the organic emulsified oil only by the first fluidized bed separator and the shape coalescer without building an aeration grit chamber and an aeration device, thus obviously reducing the floor area and the cost of a primary treatment system; the first boiling bed separator is more convenient to operate and use, the structure is simpler, a large amount of malodorous gas cannot be generated in the treatment process, and the clean environment is improved.

Description

First-level treatment system for domestic sewage
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of sewage treatment, in particular to a primary treatment system for domestic sewage.
Background
The urban domestic sewage is collected and conveyed to a sewage treatment plant by an urban pipe network system and is treated in the sewage treatment plant. At present, a domestic sewage treatment system of a sewage treatment plant comprises a primary treatment system, a secondary treatment system and an advanced treatment system which are sequentially connected. The primary treatment system comprises a coarse grating component, a fine grating component and an aeration grit chamber which are sequentially connected together; the secondary treatment system comprises a biochemical tank and a sedimentation tank which are connected in sequence, wherein the biochemical tank is connected with the aeration grit chamber, and the sedimentation tank is connected with the advanced treatment system; the advanced treatment system comprises a coagulating sedimentation tank and a disinfection tank which are connected in sequence. The specific treatment is as follows: the domestic sewage firstly passes through the coarse grid component and the fine grid component to remove coarse floaters and suspended matters in the sewage, then the sewage enters the aeration grit chamber, the sewage in the aeration grit chamber advances in a spiral flowing mode to further remove sand grains, meanwhile, part of organic pollution in the sewage is removed, then the effluent enters a biochemical tank to be subjected to secondary treatment, the biochemical tank contains a large amount of microorganisms, the microorganisms decompose and metabolize degradable organic matters in the sewage to grow and aggregate to form active sludge, and the treated sewage enters the sedimentation tank to separate sludge and water, so that primary treatment and secondary treatment of the sewage are completed; the sewage after primary treatment and secondary treatment also contains some substances such as micro suspended matters, colloids, microorganisms, viruses, heavy metals, eutrophic nitrogen and phosphorus and the like, so that advanced treatment is required to achieve the discharge standard of the sewage; and then the sewage from the secondary treatment system sequentially enters a coagulation sedimentation tank and a disinfection tank, the sewage can be discharged into a natural water body or recycled after being disinfected and sterilized in the disinfection tank, and the residual sludge in the sedimentation tank directly enters a sludge treatment system for treatment and then is discharged outside.
The aeration grit chamber is usually a long or round tank body, one side of the tank wall is provided with an aeration device, the lower part of the tank wall is provided with a sand collecting hopper, aeration is carried out on the grit chamber through aeration equipment, water flow in the whole aeration grit chamber generates a spiral forward flow form, and sand grains sink to the bottom of the tank under the comprehensive action force of gravity and rotating force and are separated from water. However, in practical application, the aerated grit chamber has many problems, mainly including: 1. the structure of the aeration grit chamber occupies a large area, and has large civil engineering cost and high cost; 2. the air quantity adjustment of the aeration device is difficult to master, the removal rate of fine sand grains is reduced too much, and no aeration sand setting effect is realized if the air quantity is too small, so that the operation and the use are inconvenient; 3. the aeration grit chamber can generate a large amount of malodorous gases, such as hydrogen sulfide, ammonia gas, sulfur-containing VOCs and the like, and the cleaning environment is poor; 4. only part of organic oil can be removed, which affects the subsequent treatment and reduces the sewage treatment effect. Therefore, the development of a clean and environment-friendly domestic sewage treatment system which has good treatment effect, small occupied area, simple and easy equipment operation and does not generate malodorous gas is urgently needed in the field.
Disclosure of Invention
the invention aims to solve the technical problem of providing a primary domestic sewage treatment system which has the advantages of good treatment effect, lower cost, convenient operation and use and good clean environment.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: the utility model provides a primary treatment system of domestic sewage, is including the thick grid subassembly, the thin grid subassembly that link together in proper order, primary treatment system still includes first boiling bed separator, collector, shape coalescer, oil storage tank, and the thin grid subassembly is connected with first boiling bed separator, and first boiling bed separator is connected with shape coalescer, collector, and the oil storage tank is connected with the shape coalescer.
Further, the first boiling bed separator comprises a shell, a first water inlet, a first water outlet, a separation medium bed layer and a discharge distributor, the first water inlet is arranged at the top of the shell, the first water outlet is arranged at the bottom of the shell, the separation medium bed layer and the discharge distributor are arranged in the shell, and the separation medium bed layer is arranged on the discharge distributor.
Further, the discharging distributor comprises a partition plate and a water cap arranged on the partition plate.
The first water inlet is provided with a first valve, the first water outlet is provided with a second valve, the first boiling bed separator further comprises a gas inlet, a cleaning water inlet and a cyclone three-phase separator, the gas inlet and the cleaning water inlet are both arranged at the bottom of the shell, a third valve is arranged at the gas inlet, a fourth valve is arranged at the cleaning water inlet, the cyclone three-phase separator is arranged in the shell, and the cyclone three-phase separator is located at the top of the shell.
Furthermore, the cyclone three-phase separator comprises a fourth device body, a feed inlet, a drain outlet and an air outlet, wherein the feed inlet is arranged at the bottom of the device body, the air outlet is arranged at the top of the fourth device body, the drain outlet is arranged at the side part of the fourth device body, a fifth valve is arranged at the feed inlet, a sixth valve is arranged at the drain outlet, and a seventh valve is arranged at the air outlet.
Further, the shape coalescer comprises a third container body, a second water inlet, a second water outlet and a purified oil outlet are arranged on the third container body, and a fluid uniform distributor, a coarse granulation module, a rapid separation module and a deep separation module are sequentially arranged in the third container body.
the invention has the beneficial effects that: the primary treatment system also comprises a first boiling bed separator, a collector, a shape coalescer and an oil storage tank, when domestic sewage is treated, the sewage treated by the fine grid component enters the first boiling bed separator, a separation medium bed layer in the first boiling bed separator removes sand grains, solid suspended matters and partial organic matters in the sewage, the removed sand grains, solid suspended matters and partial organic matters are conveyed to the collector for storage, the sand grains, the solid suspended matters and partial organic matters in the sewage reach the treatment requirement and then enter the shape coalescer, emulsified oil in the shape coalescer is subjected to emulsion breaking, coalescence and separation to remove emulsified oil in the sewage, purified oil enters the oil storage tank for storage, and the emulsified oil in the sewage reaches the treatment requirement, thereby completing primary treatment of the domestic sewage The emulsified oil is removed, an aeration grit chamber and an aeration device do not need to be built, and the floor area and the cost of a primary treatment system are obviously reduced; for aeration equipment, first boiling bed separator also makes things convenient for the operation to use, and the structure is simpler, can not produce a large amount of foul gas in the processing procedure, has improved clean environment, and simultaneously, a large amount of emulsified oil can get rid of, has reduced the influence to follow-up sewage treatment, improves sewage treatment effect.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view showing a flow structure of a domestic sewage treatment system;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the structure of a first ebullated bed separator;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a first ebullated bed separator in a purge state;
FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of a cyclone three-phase separator;
FIG. 5 is a schematic of the structure of a shaped coalescer;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of a second cyclonic separator;
FIG. 7 is a schematic of the structure of a first cyclone separator and a sorting column;
Parts, positions and numbers in the drawings: a coarse grating component 11, a fine grating component 12, a first ebullated bed separator 13, a housing 131, a first water inlet 132, a first water outlet 133, a separation medium bed 134, a discharge distributor 135, a partition plate 1351, a water cap 1352, a gas inlet 136, a wash water inlet 137, a cyclone triphase separator 138, a fourth body 1381, a feed inlet 1382, a sewage outlet 1383, an air outlet 1384, a collector 14, a shaped coalescer 15, a third body 151, a second water inlet 152, a second water outlet 153, a purified oil outlet 154, a fluid distributor 155, a coarse graining module 156, a rapid separation module 157, a depth separation module 158, an oil storage tank 16, a biochemical tank 21, a settling tank 22, a second cyclone separator 23, a second body 231, a second feed pipe 232, a second underflow port 233, a second overflow port 234, a power pump 24, a second ebullated bed separator 31, a nanofiltration device 32, a sludge storage tank 41, a belt dehydrator 42, a dewatering machine 42, a water outlet 1384, a, A hot gas generating device 43, a first cyclone 44, a first body 441, a first feeding pipe 442, a first underflow port 443, a first overflow port 444, a gas-liquid separator 45, and a separation column 46.
Detailed Description
The invention will be further explained with reference to the drawings.
The domestic sewage treatment system as shown in fig. 1, wherein the primary treatment system comprises a coarse grating component 11 and a fine grating component 12 which are connected together in sequence, the primary treatment system further comprises a first boiling bed separator 13, a collector 14, a shaped coalescer 15 and an oil storage tank 16, the fine grating component 12 is connected with the first boiling bed separator 13, the first boiling bed separator 13 is connected with the shaped coalescer 15 and the collector 14, and the oil storage tank 16 is connected with the shaped coalescer 15.
When the domestic sewage is treated, the domestic sewage is correspondingly treated by the coarse grating component 11, the fine grating component 12, the first boiling bed separator 13 and the shape coalescer 15 in sequence. In order to realize that sewage can sequentially pass through the coarse grating component 11, the fine grating component 12, the first boiling bed separator 13 and the shape coalescer 15, the coarse grating component 11 and the fine grating component 12, and material conveying devices are respectively arranged between the coarse grating component 11 and the fine grating component 12, between the fine grating component 12 and the first boiling bed separator 13 and between the first boiling bed separator 13 and the shape coalescer 15.
The first ebullated bed separator 13 is used for removing sand grains, solid suspended matters and partial organic matters in the sewage treated by the fine grid assembly 12, so that the sand grains in the sewage meet the treatment requirement, and the function of the previous aeration grit chamber is replaced, and the preferable mode of the first ebullated bed separator 13 is as follows: as shown in fig. 2, the first ebullated bed separator 13 includes a housing 131, a first water inlet 132, a first water outlet 133, a separation medium bed 134, a discharge distributor 135, the first water inlet 132 is disposed at the top of the housing 131, the first water outlet 133 is disposed at the bottom of the housing 131, the separation medium bed 134 and the discharge distributor 135 are disposed in the housing 131, the separation medium bed 134 is disposed on the discharge distributor 135, the separation medium bed 134 is a granular separation medium, preferably spherical, with a particle size of 0.1-0.2mm, the separation medium bed 134 is made of one or more granular separation media, and is made of organic or inorganic materials with strong adsorption to pollutants in the sewage, especially has strong adsorption to sand, solid suspended matters and partial organic matters in the sewage, such as quartz sand, anthracite, coal, water, and water, Activated carbon and the like, the sewage treated by the fine grid assembly 12 enters the shell 131 from the first water inlet 132, the sewage sequentially passes through the separation medium bed layer 134 and the discharge distributor 135, and finally exits from the water outlet 133, and the separation medium bed layer 134 intercepts and adsorbs sand grains, solid suspended matters and partial organic matters in the sewage, so that the sand grains, the solid suspended matters and the partial organic matters in the sewage are gradually reduced until the treatment requirement is met.
For ease of installation and use, and as further shown in fig. 2, the discharge distributor 135 includes a divider plate 1351 and a water cap 1352 disposed on the divider plate 1351, the divider plate 1351 being laterally fixed in the housing 131, and the effluent passing through the separation medium bed 134 and exiting through the water cap 1352.
In order to reduce the cost of sewage treatment, realize the reuse of the separation medium in the separation medium bed 134 and improve the service life of the separation medium, a first valve may be further disposed at the first water inlet 132, a second valve may be disposed at the first water outlet 133, the first ebullated bed separator 13 is further provided with a gas inlet 136, a cleaning water inlet 137, and a three-phase cyclone separator 138, the gas inlet 136 and the cleaning water inlet 137 are both disposed at the bottom of the casing 131, the gas inlet 136 is provided with a third valve, the cleaning water inlet 137 is provided with a fourth valve, the three-phase cyclone separator 138 is disposed in the casing 131, and the three-phase cyclone separator 138 is located at the top of the casing 131, as shown in fig. 4, the three-phase cyclone separator 138 includes a fourth body 1381, a feed inlet 1382, a sewage discharge port 1383, and a gas outlet 1384, the feed inlet 1382 is disposed at the bottom of the fourth body 1381, the gas outlet 1384 is disposed at, the drain 1383 is arranged at the side part of the fourth device body 1381, the feed inlet 1382 is provided with a fifth valve, the drain 1383 is provided with a sixth valve, and the gas outlet 1384 is provided with a seventh valve. After the first ebullated bed separator 13 is used for a period of time, a lot of pollutants are adsorbed on the surface of the separation medium in the separation medium bed layer 134, and the separation medium bed layer 134 needs to be backwashed to realize regeneration of the separation medium, so as to achieve the purpose of reuse of the separation medium, and the backwashing specifically includes: closing the first valve and the second valve, opening the third valve, the fourth valve, the fifth valve, the sixth valve and the seventh valve, introducing the cleaning water liquid with a certain pressure into the shell 131 from the cleaning water inlet 137, and introducing the gas with a certain pressure into the shell 131 from the gas inlet 136, boiling the granular separating medium from the bottom up after the cleaning water liquid and the gas pass through the discharging distributor 135, separating the pollutant adsorbed on the separating medium from the separating medium as shown in fig. 3, introducing the separated separating medium and the pollutant into the fourth body 1381 of the cyclone three-phase separator 138 from the feed port 1382, and strengthening the separation medium and the pollutant in the fourth body 1381 by the rotation and revolution coupling of the granules, discharging the pollutant from the discharge port 1383 into the sludge treatment system for treatment, discharging the gas from the discharge port 1384, and returning the separating medium to the discharging distributor 135, the separation medium bed 134 is reformed. After the regeneration of the separation medium bed layer 134 is completed, the third valve, the fourth valve, the fifth valve, the sixth valve and the seventh valve are closed, and the first valve and the second valve are opened, so that the primary treatment of the sewage is performed. For convenience of use, the valves are controlled by a controller.
The shape coalescer 15 is used for removing emulsified oil in sewage to meet the treatment requirement, and one preferable mode of the shape coalescer 15 of the invention is as follows: as shown in fig. 5, the shape coalescer 15 includes a third container 151, a second water inlet 152, a second water outlet 153, and a purified oil outlet 154 are provided on the third container 151, a fluid uniform distributor 155, a coarse-grained module 156, a fast separation module 157, and a deep separation module 158 are sequentially provided inside the third container 151, when sewage is treated, the sewage enters the third container 151 through the second water inlet 152, the flow rate and the flow rate are adjusted through the fluid uniform distributor 155, and then the sewage passes through the coarse-grained module 156, the fast separation module 157, and the deep separation module 158 in sequence to achieve demulsification and separation of oil and water, the separated emulsified oil is stored in the oil storage tank 16 through the purified oil outlet 154, and the sewage flows out through the second water outlet 153 to enter subsequent treatment.
in summary, the primary treatment system of the present invention further includes a first ebullated bed separator 13, a collector 14, a shape coalescer 15, and an oil storage tank, when domestic sewage is treated, sewage treated by the fine grid assembly 12 enters the first ebullated bed separator 13, a separation medium bed 134 in the first ebullated bed separator 13 removes sand, solid suspended matter and a part of organic matter in the sewage, the sand, the solid suspended matter and a part of organic matter are transported to the collector 14 for storage by a transportation device, the sand, the solid suspended matter and a part of organic matter in the sewage reach the treatment requirement and then enter the shape coalescer 15, emulsified oil in the shape coalescer 15 is subjected to emulsion breaking, coalescence and separation to remove emulsified oil in the sewage, purified oil enters the oil storage tank 16 for storage by the transportation device, and the emulsified oil in the sewage reaches the treatment requirement, thereby completing the primary treatment of the domestic sewage, therefore, the sand and emulsified oil removal treatment is completed only by the first fluidized bed separator 13 and the shape coalescer 15, an aeration grit chamber and an aeration device are not required to be built, and the floor area and the cost of a primary treatment system are obviously reduced; for aeration equipment, first boiling bed separator 13 also makes things convenient for the operation to use more, and the structure is simpler, can not produce a large amount of foul gas in the processing procedure, has improved clean environment, and simultaneously, a large amount of emulsified oil can get rid of, has reduced the influence to follow-up sewage treatment, improves sewage treatment effect.
the sewage treated by the primary treatment system can reach the standard of being discharged into natural water or recycled after being treated again, so the treatment system of the domestic sewage further comprises a secondary treatment system, an advanced treatment system and a sludge treatment system, and the secondary treatment system is connected with the advanced treatment system and the sludge treatment system.
The preferred mode of the secondary treatment system of the invention is as follows: as shown in fig. 1, the secondary treatment system comprises a biochemical tank 21 and a sedimentation tank 22 which are connected in sequence, wherein the biochemical tank 21 is connected with the shape coalescer 15, and the sedimentation tank 22 is connected with the advanced treatment system and the sludge treatment system. The sewage treated by the shape coalescer 15 is treated by passing through the biochemical tank 21 and the sedimentation tank 22 in turn, and in order to realize that the sewage can be treated by passing through the biochemical tank 21 and the sedimentation tank 22 in turn, material conveying devices are arranged between the shape coalescer 15 and the biochemical tank 21 and between the biochemical tank 21 and the sedimentation tank 22. The biochemical tank 21 contains a large amount of microorganisms, the microorganisms decompose and metabolize degradable organic matters in the sewage, the microorganisms grow and aggregate to form activated sludge, the treated sewage enters the sedimentation tank 22, mud and water are separated in the sedimentation tank 22, the produced treated sewage finally enters the advanced treatment system for treatment, and the sludge left in the sedimentation tank 22 directly enters the sludge treatment system for treatment. The rest activated sludge in the sedimentation tank 22 contains residues of microbial respiration and self-oxidation, organic matters which are difficult to degrade by microbes and the like on the surface, the matters are gathered on the surface of the activated sludge to form extracellular polymers, the extracellular polymers wrap the microbes inside to influence the microbes to degrade the organic matters, so that the activity of the activated sludge is reduced, the rest activated sludge in the sedimentation tank directly enters a sludge treatment device for treatment and then is discharged outside, the waste of resources such as the activated sludge with higher activity and the microbes is lost in the treatment, the resource utilization rate is lower, and the municipal domestic sewage treatment cost is increased. It is found from a great deal of practice that, as shown in fig. 1 and fig. 6, the secondary treatment system of the present invention further includes a second cyclone separator 23 and a power pump 24, the second cyclone separator 23 includes a second body 231 and a second feeding pipe 232, the second feeding pipe 232 is vertically disposed at the side of the second body 231, one side of the second body 231 is provided with a second underflow port 233, the other side is provided with a second overflow port 234, one end of the power pump 24 is connected with the sludge outlet of the sedimentation tank 22 through a pipeline, the other end of the power pump 24 is connected with the second feeding pipe 232 of the second cyclone separator 23, the second underflow port 233 is connected with the biochemical tank 21 through a pipeline, and the second overflow port 234 is connected with the sludge treatment system through a pipeline. The power pump 24 conveys the residual activated sludge in the sedimentation tank 22 to the second cyclone separator 23, the activated sludge enters the second device 231 from the second feeding pipe 232 and generates a high-speed rotating field in the second device 231, extracellular polymers wrapped on the outer surface of the activated sludge are under the action of the high-speed rotating field, part of the extracellular polymers fall off from the outer surface of the activated sludge under the coupling action of rotation and revolution, the fallen extracellular polymers are discharged out of the second overflow port 234 of the second cyclone separator 23 due to light weight, the rest of the activated sludge flows out of the second bottom flow port 233 of the second cyclone separator 23 and flows back to the biochemical tank 21, and due to the falling of part of the extracellular polymers wrapped on the outer surface of the activated sludge, microorganisms in the sewage are reattached to the surface of the activated sludge and can be used for degrading organic matters in the sewage again, thereby improving the activity of the residual activated sludge in the sedimentation tank 22, and the activity of the activated sludge is improved by at least 15 percent after the activated sludge is detected and treated by the cyclone separator. The second cyclone separator 23 can not only improve the activity of the activated sludge, but also optimize the cyclone strength by adjusting the split flow ratio of the second cyclone separator 23, so as to realize sludge active separation, i.e. screening out the activated sludge with higher activity, screening out the sludge with lower activity, entering a sludge treatment system for treatment, further improving the activity of the activated sludge flowing back to the biochemical tank 21, and improving the degradation efficiency in the biochemical tank 21. Therefore, the invention avoids the direct waste of the residual activated sludge in the sedimentation tank 22, improves the utilization rate of resources, reduces the consumption of microorganisms, reduces the cost of the whole secondary treatment system, and simultaneously improves the degradation efficiency in the biochemical tank. After a lot of experiments and practices, the activity of the activated sludge is improved by at least 20% after the activated sludge left in the sedimentation tank 22 is treated by the second cyclone separator 23 by horizontally arranging the first container 231, vertically arranging the second feeding pipe 232 at the side of the first container 231, arranging the second underflow port 233 at the left side of the first container 231 and arranging the second overflow port 234 at the right side of the first container 231.
At present, the advanced treatment system includes the coagulating sedimentation tank, the disinfection pond, at the coagulating sedimentation tank, the treatment mode in the disinfection pond reaches the purpose of getting rid of the pollutant for throwing the medicament according to the quality of water condition, add the coagulant in the coagulating sedimentation tank, the aluminium salt is chooseed for use usually to the coagulant, add disinfectant in the disinfection pond, the disinfectant chooses for use liquid chlorine usually, sodium hypochlorite, chlorine dioxide, the effect of getting rid of the pollutant through the medicament not only easily receives sewage quality of water to influence, sewage treatment effect is relatively poor, if regulate and control improper then can increase the system water cost, and area is big, still can produce other harmful effects. The advanced treatment system of the invention preferably has a mode that: as shown in fig. 1, the advanced treatment system comprises a second ebullated bed separator 31 and a nanofiltration device 32 which are connected, the nanofiltration device 32 is connected with the second ebullated bed separator 31, the second ebullated bed separator 31 has the same structure as the first ebullated bed separator 13, and the sedimentation tank 22 is connected with the second ebullated bed separator 31. During domestic sewage treatment, when sewage treated by the sedimentation tank 22 directly enters the second boiling bed separator 31, a part of residual sludge in the sedimentation tank 22 flows back to the biochemical tank 21 for continuous use, and a part of residual sludge enters the sludge non-phase change drying treatment system for treatment, suspended matters and partial soluble organic matters in the sewage are removed by a separation medium bed layer in the second boiling bed separator 31, and then the sewage passes through the nanofiltration device 32 to further remove the suspended matters, colloids, organic matters and total nitrogen in the sewage until the sewage reaches the standard of being discharged into a natural water body or recycled. The separation medium bed layer is a granular separation medium, the granular separation medium is preferably spherical, the particle size of the separation medium is 0.1-0.2mm, the separation medium bed layer is formed by one or more granular separation media, the material of the separation medium bed layer is an organic or inorganic material which has stronger adsorbability to pollutants in the sewage, particularly has stronger adsorbability to suspended matters and partial soluble organic matters in the sewage, and the separation medium bed layer can also be anthracite, activated carbon and the like. After the second boiling bed separator 31 is used for a period of time, a large number of pollutants are adsorbed on the surface of the separation medium in the separation medium bed layer, and the separation medium bed layer can be subjected to back flushing to realize regeneration of the separation medium, so that the purpose of recycling the separation medium is achieved, and the cost is reduced. It can be seen that only through second boiling bed separator 31 just can accomplish sewage treatment's advanced treatment, no longer need build coagulating sedimentation tank, disinfection pond, also need not use chemical agent and disinfectant, the treatment effect is difficult for receiving quality of water and environmental condition's influence, has improved the treatment effect of sewage, simple structure, and advanced treatment system area is little, and is with low costs, easily realizes automaticly, and is efficient, does benefit to the popularization. In order to further remove suspended matters, colloids, organic matters, total nitrogen, microorganisms, viruses and other substances in the sewage.
the preferable mode of the sludge treatment system is as follows: as shown in fig. 1 and 7, the sludge treatment system includes a sludge storage tank 41, a belt dewaterer 42, a hot gas generator 43, a gas-liquid separator 45, and a plurality of first cyclone separators 44 connected in series in sequence, the sludge storage tank 41 is connected with the secondary treatment system and the belt dewaterer 42, the first cyclone separators 44 include a first body 441 and a first feed pipe 442, the first feed pipe 442 is vertically arranged at the side of the first body 441, the bottom of the first body 441 is provided with a first bottom flow port 443, the top of the first body is provided with a first overflow port 444, the hot gas generator 43 and the belt dewaterer 42 are both connected with the first feed pipe 442 of the first cyclone separator 44 arranged at the first position along the flowing direction of the sludge, and all the first overflow ports 444 are connected with the gas-liquid separator 45.
The secondary treatment system and the advanced treatment system both generate certain sludge, during sludge treatment, the sludge generated by the secondary treatment system and the advanced treatment system is conveyed into the sludge storage tank 41 through the material conveying device, the sludge in the sludge storage tank 41 enters the belt type dehydrator 42 through the material conveying device for primary treatment, the belt type dehydrator 42 can remove part of water content in the sludge, reduce the viscosity of the sludge, reduce the interaction force between water and solid particles, and improve the dispersibility of sludge particles; then the sludge primarily treated by the belt dewaterer 42 enters a first cyclone separator 44 for treatment through a material conveying device, simultaneously, a hot gas medium generated by the work of a hot gas generating device 43 is introduced into the first cyclone separator 44, the hot gas medium can further reduce the viscosity of the sludge, the first cyclone separator 44 works, a high-speed rotating field is generated in a first device body 441 under the action of the hot gas medium, the solid particles of the sludge generate high-speed rotation and revolution motion in the high-speed cyclone field under the action of the high-speed rotating field, the generated centrifugal force overcomes the capillary resistance of water adsorbed among the solid particles, the solid particles in the sludge are firstly separated from the water, the water and the gas medium removed from the sludge enter a gas-liquid separator 45 through a first overflow port 444 at the top, and the gas-liquid separation is realized in the gas-liquid separator 45, the sludge enters the second first cyclone separator 44 from the first underflow opening 443 of the first cyclone separator 44, and after passing through the plurality of first cyclone separators 44 connected together in series in sequence, the sludge realizes multiple separation of solid particles and water in the sludge, thereby meeting the requirement of subsequent treatment on the water content of the sludge; compared with the mode of removing water in the sludge by thermal drying and thermal evaporation, the sludge treatment system has the advantages of simple structure, relatively low energy consumption, higher dehydration efficiency in unit time, reduced cost of the sewage treatment system, small occupied area, simple equipment, easy operation and contribution to popularization.
The belt dewaterer 42 performs primary treatment on the sludge to remove part of the water content in the sludge, so that the water content of the sludge is reduced to 80 percent or even lower when the water content is 99 percent. The hot gas generating device 43 is capable of generating a hot gas medium, which is obtained by a large number of practices, the heating temperature range of the hot gas medium is 60-80 ℃, and the hot gas medium can be air, nitrogen and the like. The plurality of first cyclonic separators 44 connected together in series in this order are referred to as: in the sludge flow direction, the first underflow port 443 of the first cyclone 44 is connected to the first inlet pipe 442 of the second first cyclone 44, the first underflow port 443 of the second first cyclone 44 is connected to the first inlet pipe 442 of the third first cyclone 44, and so on until the first underflow port 443 of the penultimate first cyclone 44 is connected to the first inlet pipe 442 of the last first cyclone 44. Through a large number of practices, when the rotation speed range of the solid particles of the sludge in the high-speed rotational flow field is 20000r/min-60000r/min, the sludge treatment system only needs two first rotational flow separators 44 which are connected together in series, and the water content of the sludge can be reduced to below 20% by the two first rotational flow separators 44. In order to further reduce the water content of the sludge, the present invention is further provided with a separation column 46, wherein the first underflow opening 443 of the first cyclone 44 arranged in the first row is connected with the feed opening of the separation column 46, and the discharge opening of the separation column 46 is connected with the first feed pipe 442 of the other first cyclone 44 along the sludge flowing direction. After passing through the first cyclone separator 44, the sludge undergoes non-phase-change dehydration drying, the moisture content and volume of the sludge are changed, the sludge is driven by a hot gas medium to enter the separation column 46, the light sludge with smaller volume and containing a small amount of moisture continues to enter the other first cyclone separator 44 along with the hot gas medium in the separation column 46 for drying, the large sludge still containing more moisture sinks in the separation column 46 due to the heavier volume, the sunk sludge is treated by other modes, the separation column 46 finishes the separation effect on the sludge, and the finally obtained sludge drying effect is ensured.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a domestic sewage's primary treatment system, includes thick grid subassembly (11), thin grid subassembly (12) that link together in proper order, its characterized in that: the primary treatment system also comprises a first boiling bed separator (13), a collector (14), a shape coalescer (15) and an oil storage tank (16), wherein the fine grid assembly (12) is connected with the first boiling bed separator (13), the first boiling bed separator (13) is connected with the shape coalescer (15) and the collector (14), and the oil storage tank (16) is connected with the shape coalescer (15).
2. A primary treatment system for domestic sewage according to claim 1, wherein: the first boiling bed separator (13) comprises a shell (131), a first water inlet (132), a first water outlet (133), a separation medium bed layer (134) and a discharge distributor (135), wherein the first water inlet (132) is arranged at the top of the shell (131), the first water outlet (133) is arranged at the bottom of the shell (131), the separation medium bed layer (134) and the discharge distributor (135) are arranged in the shell (131), and the separation medium bed layer (134) is arranged on the discharge distributor (135).
3. A primary treatment system for domestic sewage according to claim 2, wherein: the discharging distributor (135) comprises a partition plate (1351) and a water cap (1352) arranged on the partition plate (1351).
4. A primary treatment system for domestic sewage according to claim 2, wherein: the first water inlet (132) is provided with a first valve, the first water outlet (133) is provided with a second valve, the first boiling bed separator (13) further comprises a gas inlet (136), a cleaning water inlet (137) and a cyclone three-phase separator (138), the gas inlet (136) and the cleaning water inlet (137) are both arranged at the bottom of the shell (131), a third valve is arranged at the gas inlet (136), a fourth valve is arranged at the cleaning water inlet (137), the cyclone three-phase separator (138) is arranged in the shell (131), and the cyclone three-phase separator (138) is located at the top of the shell (131).
5. A primary treatment system for domestic sewage according to claim 4, wherein: the cyclone three-phase separator (138) comprises a fourth body (1381), a feed inlet (1382), a drain outlet (1383) and an air outlet (1384), wherein the feed inlet (1382) is arranged at the bottom of the fourth body (1381), the air outlet (1384) is arranged at the top of the fourth body (1381), the drain outlet (1383) is arranged at the side part of the fourth body (1381), a fifth valve is arranged at the feed inlet (1382), a sixth valve is arranged at the drain outlet (1383), and a seventh valve is arranged at the air outlet (1384).
6. A primary treatment system for domestic sewage according to any one of claims 1 to 5 wherein: the shape coalescer (15) comprises a third container body (151), a second water inlet (152), a second water outlet (153) and a purified oil outlet (154) are arranged on the third container body (151), and a fluid uniform distributor (155), a coarse grain module (156), a rapid separation module (157) and a deep separation module (158) are sequentially arranged in the third container body (151).
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CN111115742A (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-05-08 华东理工大学 Method and device for removing halogenated hydrocarbon solvent from underground water
WO2021032127A1 (en) * 2019-08-20 2021-02-25 四川大学 Treatment system for domestic wastewater

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WO2021032127A1 (en) * 2019-08-20 2021-02-25 四川大学 Treatment system for domestic wastewater
CN111115742A (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-05-08 华东理工大学 Method and device for removing halogenated hydrocarbon solvent from underground water

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