CN110373678A - The valve body processing method of low cost - Google Patents

The valve body processing method of low cost Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110373678A
CN110373678A CN201910718111.9A CN201910718111A CN110373678A CN 110373678 A CN110373678 A CN 110373678A CN 201910718111 A CN201910718111 A CN 201910718111A CN 110373678 A CN110373678 A CN 110373678A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
valve body
grinding tooth
driving member
rotation
cleaning
Prior art date
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Granted
Application number
CN201910718111.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110373678B (en
Inventor
董服义
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Yuhuan Dazhong Copper Industry Co Ltd
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Yuhuan Dazhong Copper Industry Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910718111.9A priority Critical patent/CN110373678B/en
Publication of CN110373678A publication Critical patent/CN110373678A/en
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Publication of CN110373678B publication Critical patent/CN110373678B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22CFOUNDRY MOULDING
    • B22C9/00Moulds or cores; Moulding processes
    • B22C9/02Sand moulds or like moulds for shaped castings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22CFOUNDRY MOULDING
    • B22C9/00Moulds or cores; Moulding processes
    • B22C9/22Moulds for peculiarly-shaped castings
    • B22C9/24Moulds for peculiarly-shaped castings for hollow articles
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C21METALLURGY OF IRON
    • C21DMODIFYING THE PHYSICAL STRUCTURE OF FERROUS METALS; GENERAL DEVICES FOR HEAT TREATMENT OF FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS METALS OR ALLOYS; MAKING METAL MALLEABLE, e.g. BY DECARBURISATION OR TEMPERING
    • C21D1/00General methods or devices for heat treatment, e.g. annealing, hardening, quenching or tempering
    • C21D1/18Hardening; Quenching with or without subsequent tempering
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C21METALLURGY OF IRON
    • C21DMODIFYING THE PHYSICAL STRUCTURE OF FERROUS METALS; GENERAL DEVICES FOR HEAT TREATMENT OF FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS METALS OR ALLOYS; MAKING METAL MALLEABLE, e.g. BY DECARBURISATION OR TEMPERING
    • C21D6/00Heat treatment of ferrous alloys
    • C21D6/005Heat treatment of ferrous alloys containing Mn
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C21METALLURGY OF IRON
    • C21DMODIFYING THE PHYSICAL STRUCTURE OF FERROUS METALS; GENERAL DEVICES FOR HEAT TREATMENT OF FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS METALS OR ALLOYS; MAKING METAL MALLEABLE, e.g. BY DECARBURISATION OR TEMPERING
    • C21D6/00Heat treatment of ferrous alloys
    • C21D6/008Heat treatment of ferrous alloys containing Si
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C21METALLURGY OF IRON
    • C21DMODIFYING THE PHYSICAL STRUCTURE OF FERROUS METALS; GENERAL DEVICES FOR HEAT TREATMENT OF FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS METALS OR ALLOYS; MAKING METAL MALLEABLE, e.g. BY DECARBURISATION OR TEMPERING
    • C21D9/00Heat treatment, e.g. annealing, hardening, quenching or tempering, adapted for particular articles; Furnaces therefor
    • C21D9/0068Heat treatment, e.g. annealing, hardening, quenching or tempering, adapted for particular articles; Furnaces therefor for particular articles not mentioned below
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22CALLOYS
    • C22C38/00Ferrous alloys, e.g. steel alloys
    • C22C38/002Ferrous alloys, e.g. steel alloys containing In, Mg, or other elements not provided for in one single group C22C38/001 - C22C38/60
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22CALLOYS
    • C22C38/00Ferrous alloys, e.g. steel alloys
    • C22C38/02Ferrous alloys, e.g. steel alloys containing silicon
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22CALLOYS
    • C22C38/00Ferrous alloys, e.g. steel alloys
    • C22C38/04Ferrous alloys, e.g. steel alloys containing manganese
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
    • C23GCLEANING OR DEGREASING OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY CHEMICAL METHODS OTHER THAN ELECTROLYSIS
    • C23G3/00Apparatus for cleaning or pickling metallic material

Abstract

This method discloses a kind of valve body processing method of low cost, comprising the following steps: a. molding: making Valve Block Mould according to required size, Valve Block Mould is put into molding sand box, molding sand is obtained;B. it is poured: ready pouring molten steel will be shifted to an earlier date into molding sand;C. it cools down: waiting the cooling and shaping of molten steel;D. it is heat-treated: molding valve body is heat-treated;E. it polishes: surface polishing is carried out to the valve body made;F. it cleans: the valve body after polishing being cleaned by valve body cleaning equipment;G. it paints: spray painting processing is carried out to the valve body after cleaning;By the setting of above structure, above-mentioned valve body is allowed to realize the effect cleaned automatically by the first cleaning rod and the second cleaning rod, avoids and manually clean laborious and time-consuming, improve the cleaning efficiency to valve body, strengthen the cleaning effect to valve body.

Description

The valve body processing method of low cost
Technical field
This method belongs to valve production casting field, more particularly, to a kind of valve body processing method of low cost.
Background technique
Valve is for being opened and closed pipeline, control flow direction, the parameter (temperature, pressure and flow) of regulation and control pumped (conveying) medium Pipeline fittings, during producing valve, work of being polished, cleaned and painted;Since machining can be in valve Door surface generates many clasts, if without cleaning, drying work or cleaning quality it is poor can all make subsequent spray painting at Film quality is greatly reduced.
Presently disclosed number discloses a kind of production valve valve cleaning device for the open file of CN108554945A, should The realization water of device simplicity uniformly distributes, and guarantees cleaning effect, while being recycled to water, saves water resource.
But the device is only capable of carrying out efficient cleaning treatment for small-sized valve, and large-scale valve or valve body is Through very laborious and trouble, cleaning up is even more very hard and time-consuming, therefore needs one kind and can clean major valve automatically The device of door or valve body substitutes artificial cleaning.
Method content
This method for overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provides a kind of can clean automatically and the valve body processing side of efficient low cost Method.
To achieve the goals above, this method uses a kind of following technical scheme: valve body processing method of low cost, including Following steps: a. molding: Valve Block Mould is made according to required size, Valve Block Mould is put into molding sand box, molding sand is obtained;B. it pours Note: ready pouring molten steel will be shifted to an earlier date into molding sand;C. it cools down: waiting the cooling and shaping of molten steel;D. it is heat-treated: to molding Valve body is heat-treated;E. it polishes: surface polishing is carried out to the valve body made;F. it cleans: being fought each other by valve body cleaning equipment Valve body after mill is cleaned;G. it paints: spray painting processing is carried out to the valve body after cleaning;
Wherein, the valve body cleaning equipment includes firm banking, movable stand, the first cleaning rod for being respectively used to cleaning valve interior wall With the second cleaning rod, for control cleaning rod revolution rotating disk, for control rotating disk turn the first driving member, for driving First actuator of the first driving member rotation, the second driving member for controlling the first cleaning rod and the rotation of the second cleaning rod respectively With third driving member, for controlling the 4th driving member and be used to drive the 4th transmission that the second driving member and third driving member rotate Part rotation and the second mobile actuator, the firm banking are equipped with the third actuator for driving movable stand mobile, institute Rotating disk is stated to be equipped with for driving the second driving member and the mobile first driving device of the second driving member and for driving the 4th The second mobile driving device of driving member, the rotating disk are equipped with the first grinding tooth group that connection is engaged with the first driving member;? Before cleaning to the inner wall of valve body, first start third actuator, third actuator drives movable stand mobile, and movable stand drives Rotating disk is mobile, and rotating disk drives the first cleaning rod and the second cleaning rod mobile, until the first cleaning rod and the second cleaning rod move It moves to valve body, then starts first driving device and the second driving device, so that the first cleaning rod and the second cleaning rod are mobile To being in contact with the inner wall of valve body, then, start the second actuator, the second actuator drives the 4th driving member, the 4th driving member The second driving member and third driving member rotation, the second driving member and third driving member rotation are driven, to realize to valve interior wall Cleaning;By the setting of above structure, above-mentioned valve body is realized by the first cleaning rod and the second cleaning rod automatic The effect of cleaning avoids and manually cleans laborious and time-consuming, improves the cleaning efficiency to valve body, strengthen to the clear of valve body Effect is washed, and the first cleaning rod and the second cleaning rod can be automatically moved into valve body by the control of third actuator, be avoided The hard and risk of artificial mobile large valve body, improves safety, very practical reliable.
Molding sand in the step a is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 100 parts of silica sand, 7-9 parts of waterglass, water 11-15 parts, 2-5 parts of phenolic resin, 2-5 parts of silicone oil, 12-14 parts of bentonite and 3-5 parts of aluminium triphosphate;Using above-mentioned raw materials Proportion setting, effectively raises the casting reliability of molding sand, reinforces strengthening the casting to valve body to the casting effect of valve body Quality.
Sulfur content is not more than 0.15% in molten steel in the step b, and phosphorus content is not more than 0.03%, and phosphorus content is 0.06-0.07%, silicon content 0.25-0.30%, manganese content 0.40-0.45%;It is effective to improve using the setting of above-mentioned parameter The casting quality of molten steel, increases the intensity and hardness of valve body, strengthens casting effect.
Molten steel in the step c after being cooled to room temperature, can be taken off molding valve body, and taking out valve body in molding sand Afterwards, need to carry out the surface of valve body cleaning and polishing treatment;Using the setting of aforesaid way, molten steel is solidified completely At solid, in order to the molding of valve body, and scald staff is avoided, while ensure that the Forming Quality of valve body.
Valve is heat-treated in the step d, hardening heat when quenching to valve body is controlled in 740-860 DEG C, tempering temperature when being tempered to valve body is controlled at 610-660 DEG C;Using the setting of aforesaid way, in order to improve valve The hardness of body reduces the cracking breakout of valve body, reinforces the shaping strength of valve body, improves the durability of valve body.
4th driving member is equipped with rotary shaft, and the rotary shaft is equipped with annular groove, and the annular groove is equipped with ring Shape grinding tooth block, the rotary shaft are equipped with card column and for the telescopic chutes mobile for card column, and the bottom of the card column is equipped with support Block, the bottom of the supporting block are equipped with groove, and the bottom of the telescopic chute is equipped with the first control piece, sets on first control piece There is the elastic component connecting with groove, the annular grinding tooth block is equipped with the card slot for being inserted into for card column;When rotary shaft is mobile, First control piece is in starting state, pushes card column, so that annular grinding tooth block is fixed in card column insertion card slot, it is elastic at this time Part stretches, and the rotation of rotary shaft can drive annular grinding tooth block to rotate, and when rotary shaft is fixed and do not moved, the first control piece is in Closed state, card column are contracted in telescopic chute by the effect of elastic component, leave card slot, rotary shaft is to drive annular to nibble The rotation of tooth block, realizes the rotation of the 4th driving member;By the setting of above structure, above-mentioned annular grinding tooth block is allowed to pass through card The fixed effect loosened is realized in the cooperation of column and card slot, in order to which annular grinding tooth block drives rotary shaft mobile, to realize the 4th The movement of driving member, and the rotation of the 4th driving member can be realized by rotary shaft, annular grinding tooth block turns the 4th driving member It is dynamic to interfere, the stability of structure operation is effectively guaranteed.
The rotating disk is equipped with working chamber, and the side of the working chamber is equipped with for the first movement mobile for rotary shaft The other side of slot, the working chamber is equipped with the second shifting chute, and the end of the rotary shaft and the output shaft of the second actuator are fixed Connection, second shifting chute are equipped with moveable grinding tooth circle, are fixedly provided with grinding tooth plate, the ring on second shifting chute The side of shape grinding tooth block engages connection with grinding tooth circle, and connection is engaged with grinding tooth plate in the other side of the annular grinding tooth block;It is needing When mobile to the 4th driving member, card column is inserted in card slot, the starting of the second actuator, drives annular grinding tooth block to turn by rotary shaft Dynamic, the side of annular grinding tooth block rotates on grinding tooth plate along grinding tooth, and the other side of annular grinding tooth block is on grinding tooth circle along nibbling Tooth rotation, grinding tooth plate can not move, and thus annular grinding tooth block, which need to move, could complete rotation, and grinding tooth circle is with annular grinding tooth block It rotates and moves, pass through the cooperation of grinding tooth circle and grinding tooth plate as a result, the second actuator drives the rotation of annular grinding tooth block, realizes Movement of the annular grinding tooth block in the second shifting chute, so as to adjust the position of the 4th driving member;By above-mentioned grinding tooth circle and The setting of grinding tooth plate, the control for the movement that annular grinding tooth block is realized by rotation to the 4th driving member, in order to adjust The spacing of whole first cleaning rod and the second cleaning rod increases the applicable model of the device to adapt to various sizes of valve block internal diameter It encloses, improves the practicability of the device, reduce the cost of the cleaning equipment of purchase different size, it is very reliable and practical.
This method has the advantage that the valve body processing method of this low cost by the setting of above structure, so that above-mentioned Valve body can realize the effect cleaned automatically by the first cleaning rod and the second cleaning rod, hard and consumption when avoiding manually cleaning When, the cleaning efficiency to large valve body is effectively raised, and avoid the laborious and unexpected thing that large valve body need to be moved when cleaning Therefore generation, reduce cleaning large valve body risk.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the three-dimensional structure diagram of the valve body cleaning equipment in this method.
Fig. 2 is the three-dimensional cutaway view one of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the three-dimensional cutaway view two of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the schematic enlarged-scale view at the A in Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is the schematic enlarged-scale view at the B in Fig. 3.
Fig. 6 is the three-dimensional structure diagram of the rotating disk in Fig. 1.
Fig. 7 is the three-dimensional cutaway view of Fig. 6.
Fig. 8 is the schematic enlarged-scale view at the C in Fig. 7.
Fig. 9 is the schematic enlarged-scale view at the D in Fig. 7.
Figure 10 is the schematic enlarged-scale view at the E in Fig. 9.
Figure 11 is the schematic enlarged-scale view at the F in Fig. 7.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment one:
A kind of valve body processing method of low cost, comprising the following steps: a. molding: making Valve Block Mould according to required size, will Valve Block Mould is put into molding sand box, obtains molding sand;B. it is poured: ready pouring molten steel will be shifted to an earlier date into molding sand;C. it cools down: etc. Cooling and shaping to molten steel;D. it is heat-treated: molding valve body is heat-treated;E. it polishes: to the valve body carry out table made Face polishing;F. it cleans: the valve body after polishing being cleaned by valve body cleaning equipment;G. paint: to the valve body after cleaning into Row spray painting processing;Molding sand in the step a is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 100 parts of silica sand, 7 parts of waterglass, water 11 parts, 2 parts of phenolic resin, 2 parts of silicone oil, 12 parts of bentonite and 3 parts of aluminium triphosphate;Sulfur content in molten steel in the step b No more than 0.15%, phosphorus content is no more than 0.03%, phosphorus content 0.06%, silicon content 0.25%, manganese content 0.40%;It is described Molten steel in step c after being cooled to room temperature, can be taken off molding valve body in molding sand, and after taking out valve body, need to valve The surface of body carries out cleaning and polishing treatment;Valve is heat-treated in the step d, quenching when being quenched to valve body Temperature controls the tempering temperature at 740 DEG C, when being tempered to valve body and controls at 610 DEG C.
As shown in figs. 1-11, wherein the valve body cleaning equipment includes firm banking 1, movable stand 2, is respectively used to clean The first cleaning rod 31 and the second cleaning rod 32 of valve interior wall, the rotating disk 33 for controlling cleaning rod revolution are revolved for controlling 33 turns of turntable of the first driving member 21, the first actuator 22 for driving the first driving member 21 to rotate, for controlling the respectively The second driving member 34 and third driving member 35 of one cleaning rod 31 and the rotation of the second cleaning rod 32 are used to control the second driving member 34 The 4th driving member 36 rotated with third driving member 35 and the second actuator for driving the 4th driving member 36 rotation and movement 37, the firm banking 1 is equipped with the third actuator 11 for driving movable stand 2 mobile, and the rotating disk 33, which is equipped with, to be used In the first driving device for driving the second driving member 35 and the movement of third driving member 36 and for driving the 4th driving member 36 mobile The second driving device, the rotating disk 33 be equipped with engage with the first driving member 21 connect the first grinding tooth group 331;To valve Before the inner wall of body is cleaned, first start third actuator 11, third actuator 11 drives movable stand 2 mobile, 2 band of movable stand Dynamic rotating disk 33 is mobile, and rotating disk 33 drives the first cleaning rod 31 and the second cleaning rod 32 mobile, until 31 He of the first cleaning rod Second cleaning rod 32 is moved in valve body, then starts first driving device and the second driving device, so that the first cleaning rod 31 It is moved to the second cleaning rod 32 and is in contact with the inner wall of valve body, then, start the second actuator 27, the driving of the second actuator 27 4th driving member 36, the 4th driving member 26 drive the second driving member 35 and 36 rotation of third driving member, the second driving member 35 and the Three driving members, 36 rotation, to realize the cleaning to valve interior wall.
Above-mentioned first cleaning rod and the second cleaning rod are the prior art using cleaning brush setting common currently on the market, Details are not described herein again, and above-mentioned first driving member, the second driving member, third driving member and the 4th driving member are all made of gear setting, For the prior art, details are not described herein again, and it is the prior art that above-mentioned first actuator and the second actuator, which are all made of motor setting, Details are not described herein again, and above-mentioned third actuator is arranged using rodless cylinder, is the prior art, and details are not described herein again, and above-mentioned second Driving member and third driving member remain grinding tooth state with the 4th driving member respectively;Above-mentioned rotating disk 33 is equipped with ring slider 337, the ring slider is set on movable stand 2, and rotating disk 33 is rotated on movable stand 2 by ring slider 337, clear When washing valve body, the starting of the first actuator, control the first driving member rotation, the first driving member drives rotating disk rotation, to realize First cleaning rod and the second cleaning rod are lasting to valve interior wall progress all standing cleaning.
4th driving member 36 is equipped with rotary shaft 361, and the rotary shaft 361 is equipped with annular groove 362, the annular Slot 362 is equipped with annular grinding tooth block 363, and the rotary shaft 361 is equipped with card column 364 and for stretching for card column 364 is mobile Slot 365, the bottom of the card column 364 are equipped with supporting block 366, and the bottom of the supporting block 366 is equipped with groove 3661, described flexible The bottom of slot 365 is equipped with the first control piece 367, and first control piece 367 is equipped with the elastic component connecting with groove 3661 368, the annular grinding tooth block 363 is equipped with the card slot 3631 for being inserted into for card column 364;When rotary shaft 361 is mobile, first Control piece 367 is in starting state, repels card column 364, so that card column 364 is inserted into card slot 3631, it is solid to annular grinding tooth block 363 Fixed, elastic component 368 stretches at this time, and the rotation of rotary shaft 361 can drive annular grinding tooth block 363 to rotate, fixed in rotary shaft 361 When not moving, the first control piece 367 is in close state, and card column 364 is contracted to telescopic chute 365 by the effect of elastic component 368 It is interior, card slot 3631 is left, rotary shaft 361 realizes the 4th driving member 36 oneself to which annular grinding tooth block 363 will not be driven to rotate Turn;Above-mentioned first control piece is arranged using hot-wire coil, is the prior art, and details are not described herein again, and above-mentioned elastic component uses spiral Spring setting, is the prior art, and details are not described herein again, and above-mentioned card column is made of permanent magnet, in the starting of the first control piece, card It is mutually exclusive between column and the first control piece, so that card column is moved in card slot.
The rotating disk 33 is equipped with working chamber 332, and the side of the working chamber 332 is equipped with for moving for rotary shaft 361 The other side of dynamic first movement slot 333, the working chamber 332 is equipped with the second shifting chute 334, the end of the rotary shaft 361 It is fixedly connected with the output shaft of the second actuator 37, second shifting chute 334 is equipped with moveable grinding tooth circle 335, described Grinding tooth plate 336 is fixedly provided on second shifting chute 334, connection is engaged with grinding tooth circle 335 in the side of the annular grinding tooth block 363, Connection is engaged with grinding tooth plate 336 in the other side of the annular grinding tooth block 363;When needing mobile to the 4th driving member 36, card column 364 are inserted in card slot 3631, and the starting of the second actuator 37 drives annular grinding tooth block 363 to rotate by rotary shaft 361, and annular is nibbled The side of tooth block 363 on grinding tooth plate 363 along grinding tooth rotate, the other side of annular grinding tooth block 363 on grinding tooth circle 335 along Grinding tooth rotation, grinding tooth plate 363 can not move, and thus annular grinding tooth block 363 need to move and could complete to rotate, grinding tooth circle 335 with The rotation of annular grinding tooth block 363 and move, pass through the cooperation of grinding tooth circle 335 and grinding tooth plate 363,37 band of the second actuator as a result, Movement of the annular grinding tooth block 363 in the second shifting chute 334 is realized in the rotation of rotating ring shape grinding tooth block 363, so as to adjust the The position of four driving members 36;Above-mentioned second driving device includes the above structure, and above-mentioned grinding tooth plate is set in the circle of grinding tooth circle.
Above-mentioned grinding tooth circle 335 is equipped with the auxiliary slider for assisting grinding tooth circle 335 to move on the second shifting chute 334 3351, above-mentioned second actuator 37 is equipped with fixed shell 38, and the bottom of the fixed shell 38 is equipped with auxiliary movable block 381, The rotating disk 33, which is equipped with, is used to support the mobile support frame 39 of the second actuator 37, and support frame as described above 39 is equipped with and auxiliary The third shifting chute 391 that movable block 381 matches, the auxiliary movable block 381 are equipped with for fixing the second actuator 37 Second control piece 382, the bottom of the third shifting chute 391 are equipped with the fixing piece 392 matched with the second control piece 382;It is logical The setting for crossing above structure moves the second actuator with the movement of the 4th driving member, in order to keep to The driving of four driving members, guarantees the stable operation of structure, and the setting of fixing piece and the second control piece, in order in the second driving When part stops mobile, the second actuator is fixed, the second actuator is avoided to occur to loosen and influence to valve body on startup Wash course;Above-mentioned second control piece is arranged using hot-wire coil, is the prior art, details are not described herein again, above-mentioned fixing piece It is made of Fe-Co-Ni material, when moving, the auxiliary that the second actuator passes through on fixed shell is mobile for above-mentioned second actuator Block moves in third shifting chute, and after the second actuator stops, the starting of third control piece generates suction to fixing piece, will fix Shell is fixed on designated position, to realize the fixation to the second actuator.
Above-mentioned first driving device includes two mobile for controlling the second driving member 35 and third driving member 36 respectively Arc control block 41, for being used to control mobile the of arc control block 41 for the 4th mobile shifting chute 42 of arc control block 41 Five driving members 43 and fourth drive member 44 for driving the 5th driving member 43 to rotate, set that there are two respectively in the rotating disk 33 For fiveth shifting chute 338 mobile for the fixing axle 351 on the second driving member 35 and third driving member 36, the arc control The side of clamp dog 41 be equipped with engage with the 5th driving member 43 connect the second grinding tooth group 411, the arc control block 41 it is another Side is equipped with position limiting slide block 412, and the 4th shifting chute 42 is equipped with for the limit sliding chutes 421 mobile for position limiting slide block 412;It is logical The setting for crossing above structure allows above-mentioned arc control block to realize mobile effect by the control of the 5th driving member, with The spacing being conveniently adjusted between the second driving member and third driving member increases to adapt to the valve interior wall of different specification size The scope of application of the device, while the grinding tooth state with the 4th driving member can be remained, very by the setting of arc It is reliable and practical;Above-mentioned 5th driving member is arranged using gear, is the prior art, details are not described herein again, and above-mentioned fourth drive member is adopted It is arranged with motor, is the prior art, details are not described herein again, is needing to adjust the spacing between the first cleaning rod and the second cleaning rod When, the 4th driving member, which is first moved, so that the 4th driving member is separated with the second driving member and third driving member then starts 4 wheel driven Moving part, fourth drive member drive the rotation of the 5th driving member, and the 5th driving member drives arc control block mobile, until the first cleaning rod It is in contact with the second cleaning rod with the inner wall of valve body, fourth drive member stops driving, the 4th driving member is then moved, so that the 4th Driving member is in contact with the second driving member and third driving member, so that the adjustment to the second driving member and third driving member is completed, Fixing axle on above-mentioned second driving member and third driving member is free to rotate in arc control block, in order in the 4th transmission The effect of rotation is realized under the driving of part.
Embodiment two:
A kind of valve body processing method of low cost, comprising the following steps: a. molding: making Valve Block Mould according to required size, will Valve Block Mould is put into molding sand box, obtains molding sand;B. it is poured: ready pouring molten steel will be shifted to an earlier date into molding sand;C. it cools down: etc. Cooling and shaping to molten steel;D. it is heat-treated: molding valve body is heat-treated;E. it polishes: to the valve body carry out table made Face polishing;F. it cleans: the valve body after polishing being cleaned by valve body cleaning equipment;G. paint: to the valve body after cleaning into Row spray painting processing;Molding sand in the step a is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 100 parts of silica sand, 8 parts of waterglass, water 13 parts, 3 parts of phenolic resin, 3 parts of silicone oil, 13 parts of bentonite and 4 parts of aluminium triphosphate;Sulfur content in molten steel in the step b No more than 0.15%, phosphorus content is no more than 0.03%, phosphorus content 0.065%, silicon content 0.27%, manganese content 0.43%;The step Molten steel in rapid c after being cooled to room temperature, can be taken off molding valve body, and after taking out valve body, need to valve body in molding sand Surface carry out cleaning and polishing treatment;Valve is heat-treated in the step d, quenching temperature when being quenched to valve body At 800 DEG C, tempering temperature when being tempered to valve body is controlled at 630 DEG C for degree control.
Valve body cleaning equipment is identical as the structure of valve body cleaning equipment in embodiment one in the present embodiment, no longer superfluous herein It states.
Embodiment three:
A kind of valve body processing method of low cost, comprising the following steps: a. molding: making Valve Block Mould according to required size, will Valve Block Mould is put into molding sand box, obtains molding sand;B. it is poured: ready pouring molten steel will be shifted to an earlier date into molding sand;C. it cools down: etc. Cooling and shaping to molten steel;D. it is heat-treated: molding valve body is heat-treated;E. it polishes: to the valve body carry out table made Face polishing;F. it cleans: the valve body after polishing being cleaned by valve body cleaning equipment;G. paint: to the valve body after cleaning into Row spray painting processing;Molding sand in the step a is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 100 parts of silica sand, 8 parts of waterglass, water 13 parts, 3 parts of phenolic resin, 3 parts of silicone oil, 13 parts of bentonite and 4 parts of aluminium triphosphate;Sulfur content in molten steel in the step b No more than 0.15%, phosphorus content is no more than 0.03%, phosphorus content 0.065%, silicon content 0.27%, manganese content 0.42%;It is described Molten steel in step c after being cooled to room temperature, can be taken off molding valve body in molding sand, and after taking out valve body, need to valve The surface of body carries out cleaning and polishing treatment;Valve is heat-treated in the step d, quenching when being quenched to valve body Temperature controls the tempering temperature at 800 DEG C, when being tempered to valve body and controls at 630 DEG C.
Valve body cleaning equipment is identical as the structure of valve body cleaning equipment in embodiment one in the present embodiment, no longer superfluous herein It states.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of valve body processing method of low cost, it is characterised in that: the following steps are included:
A. molding: Valve Block Mould is made according to required size, Valve Block Mould is put into molding sand box, molding sand is obtained;
B. it is poured: ready pouring molten steel will be shifted to an earlier date into molding sand;
C. it cools down: waiting the cooling and shaping of molten steel;
D. it is heat-treated: molding valve body is heat-treated;
E. it polishes: surface polishing is carried out to the valve body made;
F. it cleans: the valve body after polishing being cleaned by valve body cleaning equipment;
G. it paints: spray painting processing is carried out to the valve body after cleaning;
Wherein, the valve body cleaning equipment includes firm banking (1), movable stand (2), is respectively used to clean the first of valve interior wall Cleaning rod (31) and the second cleaning rod (32), the rotating disk (33) for controlling cleaning rod revolution, for controlling rotating disk (33) The first driving member (21) turned, the first actuator (22) for drive the first driving member (21) rotation, for controlling the respectively The second driving member (34) and third driving member (35) of one cleaning rod (31) and the second cleaning rod (32) rotation are used to control second Driving member (34) and third driving member (35) rotation the 4th driving member (36) and for drive the 4th driving member (36) rotation and Mobile the second actuator (37), the firm banking (1) are equipped with the third actuator for driving movable stand (2) mobile (11), the rotating disk (33) is equipped with the first driving for driving the second driving member (35) and third driving member (36) movement Device and the second driving device for being used to drive the 4th driving member (36) mobile, the rotating disk (33) is equipped with and the first transmission First grinding tooth group (331) of part (21) engagement connection;Before the inner wall to valve body cleans, first start third actuator (11), third actuator (11) drives movable stand (2) mobile, and movable stand (2) drives rotating disk (33) mobile, rotating disk (33) band Dynamic first cleaning rod (31) and the second cleaning rod (32) are mobile, until the first cleaning rod (31) and the second cleaning rod (32) are moved to In valve body, then start first driving device and the second driving device, so that the first cleaning rod (31) and the second cleaning rod (32) It is moved to and is in contact with the inner wall of valve body, then, start the second actuator (27), the second actuator (27) drives the 4th driving member (36), the 4th driving member (26) drives the second driving member (35) and third driving member (36) rotation, the second driving member (35) and the Three driving members (36) rotation, to realize the cleaning to valve interior wall.
2. the valve body processing method of low cost according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: molding sand in the step a by The raw material of following parts by weight is made: 100 parts of silica sand, 7-9 parts of waterglass, 11-15 parts of water, 2-5 parts of phenolic resin, silicone oil 2-5 Part, 12-14 parts of bentonite and 3-5 parts of aluminium triphosphate.
3. the valve body processing method of low cost according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: in the molten steel in the step b Sulfur content is not more than 0.15%, and phosphorus content is not more than 0.03%, phosphorus content 0.06-0.07%, silicon content 0.25-0.30%, Manganese content 0.40-0.45%.
4. the valve body processing method of low cost according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the molten steel in the step c exists In molding sand after being cooled to room temperature, molding valve body can be taken off, and after taking out valve body, need to clear up the surface of valve body And polishing treatment.
5. the valve body processing method of low cost according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: in the step d to valve into Row heat treatment, hardening heat when quenching to valve body control the tempering temperature at 740-860 DEG C, when being tempered to valve body Control is at 610-660 DEG C.
6. the valve body processing method of low cost according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: on the 4th driving member (36) Equipped with rotary shaft (361), the rotary shaft (361) is equipped with annular groove (362), and the annular groove (362) is nibbled equipped with annular Tooth block (363), the rotary shaft (361) are equipped with card column (364) and for the telescopic chute (365) mobile for card column (364), institutes The bottom for stating card column (364) is equipped with supporting block (366), and the bottom of the supporting block (366) is equipped with groove (3661), described flexible The bottom of slot (365) is equipped with the first control piece (367), and first control piece (367) is equipped with and connect with groove (3661) Elastic component (368), the annular grinding tooth block (363) are equipped with the card slot (3631) for being inserted into for card column (364);In rotary shaft (361) when mobile, the first control piece (367) is in starting state, pushes card column (364), so that card column (364) is inserted into card slot (3631) fixed to annular grinding tooth block (363) in, elastic component (368) stretches at this time, and the rotation of rotary shaft (361) can drive Annular grinding tooth block (363) rotation, when rotary shaft (361) are fixed and do not moved, the first control piece (367) is in close state, card Column (364) is contracted in telescopic chute (365) by the effect of elastic component (368), is left card slot (3631), rotary shaft (361) from Without will drive annular grinding tooth block (363) rotation, the rotation of the 4th driving member (36) is realized.
7. the valve body processing method of low cost according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: the rotating disk (33) is equipped with Working chamber (332), the side of the working chamber (332) are equipped with for the first movement slot (333) mobile for rotary shaft (361), The other side of the working chamber (332) is equipped with the second shifting chute (334), the end of the rotary shaft (361) and the second actuator (37) output shaft is fixedly connected, and second shifting chute (334) is equipped with moveable grinding tooth circle (335), and described second moves It is fixedly provided with grinding tooth plate (336) on dynamic slot (334), the side of the annular grinding tooth block (363) and grinding tooth circle (335) company of engagement It connects, connection is engaged with grinding tooth plate (336) in the other side of the annular grinding tooth block (363);It is needing to move the 4th driving member (36) When dynamic, card column (364) is inserted in card slot (3631), the second actuator (37) starting, drives annular grinding tooth by rotary shaft (361) Block (363) rotation, the side of annular grinding tooth block (363) rotate on grinding tooth plate (363) along grinding tooth, annular grinding tooth block (363) The other side rotated on grinding tooth circle (335) along grinding tooth, grinding tooth plate (363) can not move, and thus annular grinding tooth block (363) needs Mobile to complete rotation, grinding tooth circle (335) is moved with the rotation of annular grinding tooth block (363), passes through grinding tooth circle as a result, (335) and the cooperation of grinding tooth plate (363), the second actuator (37) drive the rotation of annular grinding tooth block (363), realize annular grinding tooth Movement of the block (363) in the second shifting chute (334), so as to adjust the position of the 4th driving member (36).
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