CN110318355A - A kind of highway convenient type protective device - Google Patents

A kind of highway convenient type protective device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110318355A
CN110318355A CN201910254986.8A CN201910254986A CN110318355A CN 110318355 A CN110318355 A CN 110318355A CN 201910254986 A CN201910254986 A CN 201910254986A CN 110318355 A CN110318355 A CN 110318355A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
bottom plate
protective fence
protective
air bag
buffer air
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201910254986.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
洪惠泉
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Fujian Luda Traffic Facility Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Fujian Luda Traffic Facility Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Fujian Luda Traffic Facility Co Ltd filed Critical Fujian Luda Traffic Facility Co Ltd
Publication of CN110318355A publication Critical patent/CN110318355A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01FADDITIONAL WORK, SUCH AS EQUIPPING ROADS OR THE CONSTRUCTION OF PLATFORMS, HELICOPTER LANDING STAGES, SIGNS, SNOW FENCES, OR THE LIKE
    • E01F15/00Safety arrangements for slowing, redirecting or stopping errant vehicles, e.g. guard posts or bollards; Arrangements for reducing damage to roadside structures due to vehicular impact
    • E01F15/02Continuous barriers extending along roads or between traffic lanes

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of highway convenient type protective device, including several protective fences, each protective fence includes bottom plate, buffer air bag and screw, buffer air bag is located at the rear end of bottom plate, several protective fences are folded one by one set along the longitudinal direction, and the rear endlap of the bottom plate of relatively preceding protective fence is located at the front end of the bottom plate of relatively posterior protective fence, and the bottom plate of two neighboring protective fence is superimposed by screw to be connected.The present invention can absorb impact energy by the deformation of buffer air bag first, then overcome during pushing protective fence by screw and further consume impact force in the resistance of bottom plate, excellent buffering effect is played in dual consumption.Meanwhile what is directly contacted with vehicle is buffer air bag, forms shock more flexible and reduces the particle that high speed is splashed.Further more, the quantity for the Impact energy selection protective fence that the present invention generates when can be hit according to different speed different automobile types, guarantees the shock for buffering a variety of situations, it is more adaptable.

Description

A kind of highway convenient type protective device
Technical field
The invention belongs to highway anticollision device, collision-prevention device field more particularly to a kind of highway convenient type protective devices.
Background technique
Nowadays, during Transport Facility Construction, the requirement of traffic safety protection facility is also increasingly stringenter, using It is more and more extensive, wherein anticollision barrier is using a kind of most safety protection facilities.Present anticollision barrier mostly uses greatly mixed The materials production such as solidifying soil, steel plate and reinforcing bar, generally single layer structure, cushion performance is poor, to reinforce crashworthiness, takes and thickens The method of anticollision barrier, but the quality of anticollision barrier has equally also been aggravated, it causes to carry laborious puzzlement.In addition, concrete It is all very big with the hardness of the materials such as reinforcing bar, when vehicle is directly hit with larger speed, although buffering effect can be played, make At rigid impact with stronger dynamics be easy to damage vehicle, and hit the high speed fragment generated and also easily accidentally injure environment at one's side, deposit In biggish security risk.
In view of the above-mentioned problems, the applicant furthers investigate in view of the above-mentioned drawbacks in the prior art, there is this case generation then.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of highway convenient type protective device, smart structural design is reasonable, removes Fortune and storage is convenient quickly, cushion performance is good, effectively solves existing anti-collision facility and is not easy to carry the defect of storage, anti-collision effect difference And deficiency.
The present invention is implemented as follows:
There is provided a kind of highway convenient type protective device, wherein including several protective fences, each protective fence includes bottom Plate, buffer air bag and screw, the buffer air bag are located at the rear end of bottom plate, several protective fences are folded one by one along the longitudinal direction And if the rear endlap of the bottom plate of relatively preceding protective fence is located at the front end of the bottom plate of relatively posterior protective fence, and adjacent two The bottom plate of a protective fence passes through screw superposition connection;
The front-end and back-end of the bottom plate are respectively equipped with the first venthole and the second venthole and the first venthole and Two ventholes are connected, and the lower end of the second venthole of relatively preceding protective fence passes through bottom plate and is inserted into relatively posterior protection First venthole on column, the buffer air bag connection is accessed in the upper end of second venthole and the upper end of the second venthole is set There is check valve, the buffer air bag is additionally provided with exterior vents.
Further, the quantity for the screw that the protective fence is arranged gradually increases from front to back.
Further, the front end of the bottom plate is equipped with the installation groove for plugging screw, which covers There is magnet layer, the rear end of the bottom plate is equipped with installation through-hole.
Further, protective device further includes having anti-climbing mechanism, which includes rotary cylinder, connecting shaft and two A bracket, the both ends of the upper surface of each bottom plate are respectively equipped with the first connecting groove extended downwardly, the lower section pair of each bracket It should be plugged in first connecting groove, the connecting shaft is horizontally set between two supports, and the rotary cylinder is rotatably connected on In connecting shaft.
Further, the inner wall of first connecting groove covers positive magnet, and the outer surface of the lower section of each bracket is covered If cathode magnet.
Further, the rotary cylinder is made of rubber material and the surface of rotary cylinder coats fluorescent powder.
Further, the anti-climbing mechanism is located on the bottom plate by second protective fence to sort from front to back.
Further, the protective device further includes the reflecting mirror for having mirror column He being located on mirror column, each bottom The upper surface of plate is equipped with the second connecting groove close to one end of buffer air bag, and the mirror column is plugged in the second connecting groove It is interior.
Further, the internal groove side wall of second connecting groove covers positive magnet, the appearance of the mirror column lower end Face covers cathode magnet.
After adopting the above technical scheme, the present invention relates to a kind of highway convenient type protective device, with prior art phase Than, beneficial effect is, the present invention includes the protective fence that several are superimposed along the longitudinal direction, and protective fence is connected by screw to, and And the front end of the bottom plate of relatively posterior protective fence is located at using the rear endlap of the bottom plate of relatively preceding protective fence, it assembles It inflates after several good protective fences to buffer air bag, when the buffer air bag of the protective fence of vehicle crash to foremost, first may be used Impact energy is absorbed by the deformation of buffer air bag, then impact energy continuation is transmitted backward, and protective fence will be pushed to move backward, By the screw for two protective fences of break-through that fracture to consume impact energy in pushing course, the buffer air bag of several protective fences It is extruded one by one and screw is pushed off one by one, double energy is consumed to promote whole cushion performance.Meanwhile it is direct with vehicle Contact is buffer air bag, forms shock more flexible and reduces the particle that high speed is splashed.Further more, the present invention can be according to difference The quantity for the Impact energy selection protective fence that speed different automobile types generate when hitting, guarantees the shock for buffering a variety of situations, fits Answering property is stronger, and entire protective device is disassembled at several independent protective fences, carries and dismounting is all very convenient, have Very strong practicability.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is overall structure diagram of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the partial enlargement diagram of the part A in Fig. 1 of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of two protective fences in the present invention.
Description of symbols:
1, bottom plate, the 11, first venthole, the 12, second venthole, 13, installation groove, 131, magnet layer, 14, installation it is logical Hole, the 15, first connecting groove;2, buffer air bag, 21, blow vent;3, screw;4, tracheae;5, check valve;61, rotary cylinder, 611, Fluorescent powder, 62, connecting shaft, 63, bracket;71, mirror column, 72, reflecting mirror.
Specific embodiment
In order to describe the technical content, the structural feature, the achieved object and the effect of this invention in detail, below in conjunction with embodiment And attached drawing is cooperated to be explained in detail.Coordinate X, Y respectively indicate front-rear direction and up and down direction in figure.
Referring to Fig.1 shown in -3, the present invention provides a kind of highway convenient type protective device, wherein anti-including several Guardrail, each protective fence include bottom plate 1, buffer air bag 2 and screw 3, and the buffer air bag 2 is located at the rear end of bottom plate 1, several A protective fence along the longitudinal direction one by one fold sets, and the rear endlap of the bottom plate 1 of relatively preceding protective fence be located at it is relatively posterior The front end of the bottom plate 1 of protective fence, the bottom plate 1 of two neighboring protective fence are specifically, each by the screw 3 superposition connection The folded bottom plate 1 for being equipped with the protective fence being located at before the protective fence in the upper surface of 1 front end of bottom plate of protective fence, while 1 rear end of bottom plate The folded bottom plate 1 for being provided at the subsequent protective fence of the protective fence in lower surface upper surface, in this way, the screw 3 of each protective fence Across itself bottom plate 1 and be inserted in the bottom plate 1 of protective fence behind, the distance mobile relative to preceding protective fence is position In the front end to rear end of the bottom plate 1 of protective fence behind.The meeting when vehicle crash is located at the buffer air bag 2 of the protective fence of front It drives protective fence to move backward, impact energy can be absorbed by the deformation of buffer air bag 2 first, then impact energy continues backward Transmitting, energy transmission enough fractures the screw hammered into, and impact energy is absorbed in snap-off process, the protection after broken-off screw Column continues to slide backward to hit protective fence behind, and fractures hammer into the screw of the protective fence again, and so several are anti- Guardrail will move one by one, and one protective fence of every movement, which will fracture, hammers into the screw of the protective fence, until impact energy is several It is gradually exhausted in a protective fence moving process, like this, the buffer air bag 2 of several protective fences is extruded one by one and screw 3 It is pushed off one by one, double energy is to promote whole cushion performance.In addition, what is directly contacted with vehicle is buffer air bag 2, formed The particle of shock more flexible and reduction high speed splashing.Further more, the present invention changes the single layer structure on traditional defense column, it can basis The quantity for the Impact energy selection protective fence that different speed different automobile types generate when hitting, plays the role of multilayer energy-absorbing buffering, Guarantee to buffer the shock of a variety of situations, it is more adaptable, and entire protective device is disassembled at several independent protection Column, is carried and dismounting is all very convenient, has very strong practicability.It should be noted that even if the impact energy of vehicle It is big to enough by whole device it is mobile, be moved to after protective device supports protected object, vehicle will start to push vertical Plate starts to consume impact energy.
The material and size of the screw of different size are different, and intensity is also just different, and thrust required for fractureing is just It is different, what specific thrust numerical value can be surveyed by experiment, in actual use, the present invention can estimate that different speeds are different The energy that generates when vehicle is collided, then selects the specification and quantity of screw according to estimated value, but the spiral shell on every piece of protective fence Nail fractures desired thrust cannot be excessive, otherwise just vertical plate will directly be pushed over before pushing protective fence, so each anti- The screw of guardrail hammered into should not be too many, the quantity that protective fence can be selected again to be superimposed according to estimated value, that is, combines to spiral shell It follows closely with protective fence comprehensive selection and finally determines the consumable impact energy of whole device.The transverse direction of different protective fences when use Plate 1, which is that front and rear end is folded, to be set, and all protective fences can be folded directly and be set when folding, and space occupied is smaller, therefore, ensure to improve It is also able to achieve convenient efficiently dismounting in the case where anticollision ability and carries, there is very strong practicability.
Inflatable and deflatable in order to facilitate buffer air bag 2, the front-end and back-end of the bottom plate 1 are respectively equipped with the first venthole 11 With the second venthole 12, the first venthole 11 and the second venthole 12 can be connected by tracheae 4, the first venthole 11 and Two ventholes 12 are equipped with switch, open switch before starting assembling, under the second venthole 12 of relatively preceding protective fence The first venthole 11 that relatively posterior protective fence is inserted into across bottom plate is held, the buffering is accessed in the upper end of second venthole The upper end of the connection of air bag 2 and the second venthole is equipped with check valve 5, and the flow direction of check valve 5 is upward from flowing down, therefore works as tracheae The gas of 4 buffer air bags 2 when being broken off in protective fence moving process will not flow out, to lose the effect of buffering.This hair It is bright that the slow of several protective fences for causing whole device to be connected is assembled with the connection of the first venthole 11 by the second venthole 12 Air-impulse bag 2 all communicates, when inflation as long as being directed at the first blow vent 11 for being located at the protective fence of foremost and being inflated energy Complete all inflation work for filling buffer air bag 2, easy to operate efficiently the buffer air bag 2 is equipped with blow vent 21, when deflation then Rapid degassing work can be completed in the blow vent 21 for opening all buffer air bags 2.To sum up, the present invention in bottom plate 1 by being arranged First venthole 11 and the second venthole 12 carry out disposably inflating work with the buffer air bag 2 to whole device, and can lead to again It crosses blow vent 21 and carries out porous deflation, greatly improve volumetric efficiency and deflation efficiency.
Preferably, the quantity for the screw 3 being arranged according to the principle of collision, protective fence gradually increases from front to back, for example, such as Shown in Fig. 1, whole device is set there are four protective fence, since impact force is maximum when vehicle encounters the present apparatus at the beginning, is located at The resistance of the protective fence of foremost and only row's screw 3, the screw 3 can only centainly consume impact force, so vehicle It also will continue to move, then impact energy further reduces using the counteracting of two rows of 3 resistances of screw, like this, impact force Smaller and smaller, resistance is increasing, so that the absorption energy of the present apparatus is an incremental process, in this way, the present invention is not The biggish rigid impact of intensity is carried out with biggish impact force, takes the mode of slow consumption impact force that can effectively avoid this dress It sets and is directly smashed, and generate the more fragment of large impact power and cause secondary injury, while realizing the effect for absorbing energy.Most Afterwards, the resistance for hammering into the protective fence and the screw being located between rearmost protective fence that are located to fall two positions is maximum, thus really It protects and is located to fall the protective fences of two positions and is slided on rearmost protective fence, impact force has been not enough to allow rearmost protective fence It moves backward again, can effectively prevent the protected object of Vehicular impact in this way, greatly improve security performance.
For the ease of assembling several screws 3, the front end of the bottom plate 1 is equipped with the installation groove 13 for plugging screw 3, 13 surface of installation groove is covered with magnet layer 131, and the rear end of the bottom plate 1 is equipped with installation through-hole 14, installation groove 13 and peace Dress through-hole 14 matches setting with screw 3.The installation through-hole 14 of two protective fences and installation groove 13 are first aligned when assembling, then Screw 3 is inserted into installation groove 13 after passing through installation through-hole 14, since screw 3 is ferrous material production, can pass through installation 131 pairs of screw 3 of magnet layer of groove 13 adsorb, and both ensure that the connective stability of screw 3, make the insertion installation of screw 3 logical Hole 14 and installation groove 13 would not damage protective fence, realize that circulation makes after the protective fence not hit can be allowed to disassemble With.
Protective device is potentially used in than relatively hazardous section, is crossed in order to prevent, as the preferred embodiment of the present invention, Protective device further includes having anti-climbing mechanism, and anti-climbing mechanism is removably mountable on protective fence as needed.Specifically, should Anti-climbing mechanism includes rotary cylinder 61, connecting shaft 62 and two brackets 63, the both ends of the upper surface of each bottom plate be respectively equipped with to First connecting groove 15 of lower extension, the lower section corresponding inserted of each bracket 63 is in first connecting groove 15, the company Spindle 62 is horizontally set between two brackets 63, and connecting shaft not can rotate, and the rotary cylinder 61 is rotatably connected in connecting shaft 62.Often As long as a protective device is arranged an anti-climbing mechanism, anti-climbing mechanism of the invention is located at by sort from front to back second It on the bottom plate of protective fence, that is, is located between two buffer air bags, so there is buffering gas when protective device is surprisingly collided Capsule buffering can avoid automobile and directly smash secondary injury caused by anti-climbing mechanism.Since 61 stress of rotary cylinder can rotate, make None reliable grasp-point of people, play the role of well it is anti-climb, reduce caused by crossing protective fence because of people Traffic accident.
More specifically, the inner wall of first connecting groove 15 covers positive magnet, the outer surface of the lower section of each bracket Cover cathode magnet, there is a natural attraction between the sexes for positive magnet and cathode magnet so that bracket connect with the first connecting groove 15 it is even closer, Improve the bonding strength of anti-climbing mechanism and protective fence, and the setting of the first connecting groove 15 is fixed, also not by being dismounted for multiple times Bottom plate can be damaged.
It is highly preferred that the rotary cylinder 61 is made of rubber material and the surface of rotary cylinder coats fluorescent powder 611, rubber Glue material cushion performance is good, and fluorescent powder extinction on daytime, illuminating at night is played a warning role, accidentally hit caused by preventing because of insufficient light.
As another preferred embodiment of the invention, the protective device further includes having mirror column 71 and being located at mirror to stand The upper surface of reflecting mirror 72 on column 71, each bottom plate is equipped with the second connecting groove (not shown) close to one end of buffer air bag, The mirror column is plugged in the second connecting groove.Setting reflecting mirror can be convenient vehicle in front of driver's on the corner discovery in time The vehicle in road, and the movement of evacuation is made, improve safety.It should be noted that each protective device can be arranged one or The multiple reflecting mirrors of person, mirror column is removable to be plugged in the second connecting groove, and specific installation site need to be according to actual geographic shape Condition, to realize convenient for for the purpose of observation route.
It is highly preferred that the internal groove side wall of second connecting groove covers positive magnet, the appearance of the mirror column lower end Face covers cathode magnet, avoids being dismounted for multiple times from damaging bottom plate while improving mirror column and bottom plate bonding strength.
The above description is only an embodiment of the present invention, is not intended to limit scope of patent protection of the invention, all utilizations Equivalent structure or equivalent flow shift made by description of the invention and accompanying drawing content is applied directly or indirectly in other correlations Technical field, be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of highway convenient type protective device, which is characterized in that including several protective fences, each protective fence includes bottom Plate, buffer air bag and screw, the buffer air bag are located at the rear end of bottom plate, several protective fences are folded one by one along the longitudinal direction And if the rear endlap of the bottom plate of relatively preceding protective fence is located at the front end of the bottom plate of relatively posterior protective fence, and adjacent two The bottom plate of a protective fence passes through screw superposition connection;The front-end and back-end of the bottom plate are respectively equipped with the first venthole and Two ventholes and the first venthole and the second venthole are connected, the lower end of the second venthole of relatively preceding protective fence The first venthole of relatively posterior protective fence is inserted into across bottom plate, the buffer air bag is accessed in the upper end of second venthole It is connected to and the upper end of the second venthole is equipped with check valve, the buffer air bag is additionally provided with exterior vents.
CN201910254986.8A 2018-03-30 2019-03-30 A kind of highway convenient type protective device Withdrawn CN110318355A (en)

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810295387.6A CN108442277A (en) 2018-03-30 2018-03-30 A kind of highway convenient type protective device
CN2018102953876 2018-03-30

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110318355A true CN110318355A (en) 2019-10-11

Family

ID=63199188

Family Applications (4)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810311235.0A Withdrawn CN108708330A (en) 2018-03-30 2018-03-30 A kind of anti-climbing highway convenient type protective device
CN201810295387.6A Withdrawn CN108442277A (en) 2018-03-30 2018-03-30 A kind of highway convenient type protective device
CN201810310734.8A Withdrawn CN108612012A (en) 2018-03-30 2018-03-30 A kind of highway convenient type protective device that cushion performance is good
CN201910254986.8A Withdrawn CN110318355A (en) 2018-03-30 2019-03-30 A kind of highway convenient type protective device

Family Applications Before (3)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810311235.0A Withdrawn CN108708330A (en) 2018-03-30 2018-03-30 A kind of anti-climbing highway convenient type protective device
CN201810295387.6A Withdrawn CN108442277A (en) 2018-03-30 2018-03-30 A kind of highway convenient type protective device
CN201810310734.8A Withdrawn CN108612012A (en) 2018-03-30 2018-03-30 A kind of highway convenient type protective device that cushion performance is good

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (4) CN108708330A (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110080136B (en) * 2019-04-26 2023-07-25 南京航空航天大学 Intelligent vehicle rollover protection system and control method thereof

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Publication number Publication date
CN108612012A (en) 2018-10-02
CN108708330A (en) 2018-10-26
CN108442277A (en) 2018-08-24

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Application publication date: 20191011

WW01 Invention patent application withdrawn after publication