CN110285648A - A kind of tobacco business drying unit - Google Patents

A kind of tobacco business drying unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110285648A
CN110285648A CN201910582717.4A CN201910582717A CN110285648A CN 110285648 A CN110285648 A CN 110285648A CN 201910582717 A CN201910582717 A CN 201910582717A CN 110285648 A CN110285648 A CN 110285648A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
working box
movable block
screw rod
vertical plate
partition
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201910582717.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN110285648B (en
Inventor
许桂凤
崔文超
孙坤
徐德志
纪春波
蔡继军
毕莹
苗升起
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SHANDONG QINGDAO TOBACCO Co Ltd
Original Assignee
SHANDONG QINGDAO TOBACCO Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SHANDONG QINGDAO TOBACCO Co Ltd filed Critical SHANDONG QINGDAO TOBACCO Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910582717.4A priority Critical patent/CN110285648B/en
Publication of CN110285648A publication Critical patent/CN110285648A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN110285648B publication Critical patent/CN110285648B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B11/00Machines or apparatus for drying solid materials or objects with movement which is non-progressive
    • F26B11/18Machines or apparatus for drying solid materials or objects with movement which is non-progressive on or in moving dishes, trays, pans, or other mainly-open receptacles
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B21/00Arrangements or duct systems, e.g. in combination with pallet boxes, for supplying and controlling air or gases for drying solid materials or objects
    • F26B21/02Circulating air or gases in closed cycles, e.g. wholly within the drying enclosure
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B21/00Arrangements or duct systems, e.g. in combination with pallet boxes, for supplying and controlling air or gases for drying solid materials or objects
    • F26B21/06Controlling, e.g. regulating, parameters of gas supply
    • F26B21/10Temperature; Pressure
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B25/00Details of general application not covered by group F26B21/00 or F26B23/00
    • F26B25/06Chambers, containers, or receptacles
    • F26B25/08Parts thereof
    • F26B25/12Walls or sides; Doors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B25/00Details of general application not covered by group F26B21/00 or F26B23/00
    • F26B25/06Chambers, containers, or receptacles
    • F26B25/14Chambers, containers, receptacles of simple construction
    • F26B25/18Chambers, containers, receptacles of simple construction mainly open, e.g. dish, tray, pan, rack
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B3/00Drying solid materials or objects by processes involving the application of heat
    • F26B3/28Drying solid materials or objects by processes involving the application of heat by radiation, e.g. from the sun
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B2200/00Drying processes and machines for solid materials characterised by the specific requirements of the drying good
    • F26B2200/22Tobacco leaves

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of tobacco business drying units, including working box, dodge gate, heating device, stoving rack, the working box is equipped with dodge gate, dodge gate is equipped with handle, it is carried out hingedly between dodge gate and working box by hinge, the heating device is set to working box inner upper, and the stoving rack is set to below heating device.The present invention dries tobacco comprehensively, so that tobacco is heated evenly, ensure that the quality of tobacco finished product, recycles to the gas after tobacco drying, reduces the waste of the energy, be conducive to the protection of environment.

Description

A kind of tobacco business drying unit
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of tobacco processing, in particular to a kind of tobacco business drying unit.
Background technique
Tobacco is Solanaceae Nicotiana plant, annual or limited perennial herb, and entirety is by glandular hairs;Root thickness are strong, and stem is high 0.7-2 meters, base portion slightly lignifying;Leaf square round shape lanceolar, lanceolar, square are round or oval, and top is tapering, and base portion is gradually narrow to stem Half armful of stem at ear shaped;Inflorescence basidixed, it is coniform, it spends more;Bennet is 5-20 millimeters long;Capsule ovate or square round shape, length are approximately equal to Persistent calyx, seed is round or width square is round, and about 0.5 millimeter of diameter, brown;It can make the raw material of tobacco industry;Complete stool can also make pesticide Insecticide;Also pharmaceutically acceptable, it anaesthetizes, sweating, calmness and emetic.
By retrieval, application No. is 201820087642.3 Chinese utility model patents to disclose a kind of tobacco drying Machine, and specifically disclosing including support frame, support frame are equipped with Drying, and the top of Drying is equipped with feed inlet, on feed inlet Equipped with feed cap, Drying is equipped with agitating device and heating device, and feed inlet is arranged along Drying length direction, feed inlet Side be equipped with ghost interlayer, feed cap is equipped in ghost interlayer, the other side of feed inlet is equipped with groove, is equipped with magnetism in groove Substance, feed cap are equipped with magnet, and the two sides of feed inlet are equipped with sliding slot, and the two sides of feed cap are equipped with sliding block, and feed cap is equipped with Retaining ring, the top of Drying are equipped with gas outlet, and gas outlet is equipped with filter screen, and the side of Drying is equipped with getter device, drying Medial wall of the tube is equipped with humidity sensor, and Drying lateral wall is equipped with wetness display unit, and humidity sensor and wetness display unit are electrical Connection, it has been investigated that, tobacco drying is controlled and is grasped, the effect that work efficiency is high well although can be realized, There are still following defects: by heating device air-heater generate heat transfer into Drying, to tobacco in Drying into After row heating, drying, heat is discharged into outside Drying under the action of getter device, these heats is not used, directly Discharge will cause the waste of the energy, increases the consumption of the energy, is unfavorable for the protection of environment.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is overcoming deficiency in the prior art, a kind of tobacco business drying unit is provided, to tobacco It is dried comprehensively, so that tobacco is heated evenly, ensure that the quality of tobacco finished product, the gas after tobacco drying is recycled It utilizes, reduces the waste of the energy, be conducive to the protection of environment.
To achieve the goals above, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is that:
A kind of tobacco business drying unit, including working box, dodge gate, heating device, power device, stoving rack, Fixed device, gas-recycling plant, temperature sensor, the working box are equipped with dodge gate, and dodge gate is equipped with handle, living It is hinged by hinge between dynamic door and working box, convenient for the open and close of dodge gate, tobacco to be dried is put into work It is dried as box house, the working box inner upper is equipped with heating device, is equipped with stoving rack, institute below heating device Working box side inner wall is stated equipped with temperature sensor, passes through the temperature inside temperature sensor senses working box;Drying Frame is equipped with fixed device, and stoving rack is connected with power device, and the power device is set on working box, passes through fixation Tobacco to be dried is fixed on the surface of stoving rack two sides by device, and power device drives stoving rack rotation, heating device pair Tobacco on stoving rack is dried, and gas-recycling plant, gas-recycling plant one end and work box are equipped on the left of working box The connection of body bottom, the gas-recycling plant other end is connected with heating device, so that the gas inside working box is recycled It uses.
Preferably, the heating device includes shell, first partition, second partition, heating rod, exhaust vent, the first blower, The shell is fixedly mounted on the inner tip of working box, and housing bottom is equipped with several exhaust vents, and the enclosure interior is equipped with First partition and second partition, the second partition are set to the lower section of first partition, in the first partition left end and shell There are gap, right ends to be immobilized in the shell on wall for wall, and the second partition left end is immobilized in the shell on wall, in right end and shell There are gaps for wall, and convenient for the flowing of gas, several heating rods, the heating rod are equipped between the first partition and second partition Both ends installation on the inner wall of the housing on, first blower is set to working box top, in the first blower outlet air end and shell Portion communicates, and is worked by the first blower and gas is drawn into shell, gas is inside housings along first partition and second partition It is flowed, heating rod is touched when flowing through between first partition and second partition heats gas, the gas after heating Body is discharged into inside working box by exhaust vent, is dried to the tobacco inside working box.
Preferably, the power device includes driving motor, driven pulley, belt, connecting shaft, rotation axis, driving pulley; The driving motor is fixedly installed on working box outer wall, and the output shaft of driving motor passes through working box and extends to work Box house, the driving pulley are set to the output shaft end of driving motor, are equipped with several rotations inside the working box Axis, rotation axis side are fixed with connecting shaft, and connecting shaft is equipped with driven pulley, lead between the driving pulley and driven pulley It crosses belt to be sequentially connected with, the stoving rack is fixedly mounted on the rotating shaft, drives driving pulley movement by driving motor, actively It is driven between belt wheel and driven pulley by belt, to make rotation axis that stoving rack be driven to be rotated.
Preferably, the side of the driven pulley and driving pulley is equipped with cover, and cover is fixed on working box inner sidewall On, connecting shaft passes through cover and rotation axis connection, is isolated to driven pulley with driving pulley by cover, prevents tobacco from falling Enter into driven pulley and driving pulley, influences the efficiency of transmission.
Preferably, the stoving rack includes bracket, rack, and the bracket is fixedly mounted on the rotating shaft, rack peace Mounted in the two sides of bracket, the rack is equipped with several fixed devices far from a side end of bracket, and the fixed device includes Shell, rotating cylinder, wind spring, bracing wire, hook, the interior of shell are equipped with rotating cylinder, wind spring, bracing wire, and the rotating cylinder is set in shell Portion, the rotating cylinder outside are equipped with wind spring, are equipped with bracing wire on the outside of the wind spring, described wind spring one end is connect with rotating cylinder, and wind spring is another End is connect with bracing wire one end, and the other end of the bracing wire is connected with the hook outside shell, and tobacco is placed on rack, is led to It crosses pulling hook tobacco is fixed, prevents tobacco from falling off phenomenon in the rotation.
Preferably, the fixed device includes vertical plate, the first screw rod, movable block, the second screw rod, the first round block, the second circle Block, sleeve, Convenient table, the vertical plate are set to rack end two sides, and between two racks, through-hole is equipped in the middle part of vertical plate, It passes through vertical plate convenient for gas to contact with the tobacco on rack, the vertical plate is symmetrically arranged with several first screw rods in two sides up and down, stands Plate is equipped with the threaded hole cooperated with the first screw rod, and first screw rod end is equipped with the first round block, and the inside of vertical plate, which is equipped with, lives Motion block, movable block and the first screw rod are located on same axis, and first round block is set in the cavity inside movable block, pass through The first screw rod is rotated, so that the first round block is contacted with the cavity left and right sidewall inside movable block, so that movable block be made to carry out Horizontal direction is mobile, adjustable range, and the side of the cavity is equipped with the second screw rod, and the second screw rod both ends both pass through movable block, living Motion block is equipped with the threaded hole cooperated with the second screw rod, and second screw rod end is equipped with the second round block, and second round block is set It is placed in the sleeve below movable block, sleeve bottom is fixedly installed with Convenient table, and movable block bottom is equipped with to be matched with sleeve Groove is moved in vertical direction by the second screw rod of rotation band moving sleeve and Convenient table, tobacco is fixed.
Preferably, the fixed device includes vertical plate, the first screw rod, movable block, the first round block, Convenient table, pull rod, bullet Spring, the vertical plate are set to rack end two sides, between two racks, are equipped with through-hole in the middle part of vertical plate, pass through convenient for gas Vertical plate is contacted with the tobacco on rack, and the vertical plate is symmetrically arranged with several first screw rods in two sides up and down, and vertical plate is equipped with and the The threaded hole of one screw rod cooperation, first screw rod end are equipped with the first round block, and the inside of vertical plate is equipped with movable block, movable block with First screw rod is located on same axis, and first round block is set in the cavity inside movable block, by rotating the first screw rod, So that the first round block is contacted with the cavity left and right sidewall inside movable block, so that movable block is made to carry out horizontal direction movement, Adjustable range, the side of the cavity are equipped with pull rod, and pull rod both ends both pass through movable block, and the pull rod bottom end is equipped with Convenient table, Spring is equipped between the outside of the pull rod, movable block and Convenient table, the spring one end is fixed on the bottom of movable block, spring The other end is fixed on the top of Convenient table, and quickly the tobacco on stoving rack can be fixed.
Preferably, the gas-recycling plant includes airscoop shroud, gas pipeline, the second blower, and the airscoop shroud is set to Working box bottom side, one side end of airscoop shroud are equipped with gas pipeline, and second blower is set at the top of working box, defeated Feed channel passes through the second blower of working box and is connected, the enclosure interior phase of the exhaust vent and heating device of second blower It is logical, the gas after tobacco drying is recycled, reduces the waste of the energy, is conducive to the protection of environment.
Preferably, the air inlet of the airscoop shroud is equipped with filter screen, prevents the intracorporal tobacco sucking of work box, influences gas The working efficiency of circulator.
Preferably, the gas pipeline is equipped with drying device, and the drying device includes cabinet, demisting plate, the case Body is fixedly mounted on gas pipeline, and box house is equipped with demisting plate, due to the gas after being dried to tobacco contain it is certain wet Degree, dehumidifies to gas by drying device, accelerates the time of gas subsequent heat, improves whole working efficiency.
Preferably, the box house is equipped with several sliding slots, and demisting plate and sliding slot correspond, and demisting plate is mounted on sliding slot In, it after a period of use due to demisting plate, is replaced, by the way that multiple demisting plates and sliding slot is arranged, can worked The replacement of the carry out demisting plate of progress, ensure that the efficiency of work.
Preferably, working box inner wall two sides are equipped with illumination apparatus, and the illumination apparatus includes lamp bracket, lampshade, lamp Pipe, telescopic rod, the lamp bracket are equipped with several lampshades, fluorescent tube are equipped with inside lampshade, lamp bracket side is equipped with telescopic rod, described flexible Bar is fixedly mounted on working box inner wall, is driven the distance between lamp bracket adjustment and stoving rack by telescopic rod, is passed through setting Illumination apparatus accelerates tobacco drying rate, improves working efficiency.
Preferably, the air inlet of first blower is equipped with solenoid valve, and working box side inner wall is equipped with pressure sensing Device, working box outside side are equipped with controller, and the temperature sensor, pressure sensor use this field skill with controller Mode known to art personnel is electrically connected, and the air pressure inside working box is incuded by pressure sensor, to pass through control Device controls the on and off of solenoid valve, to guarantee the constant of working box air pressure inside;The dodge gate is equipped with observation Window, convenient for observing the situation inside working box in real time.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1) tobacco is dried comprehensively, so that tobacco is heated evenly, ensure that the quality of tobacco finished product, tobacco is dried Gas afterwards is recycled, and the waste of the energy is reduced, and is conducive to the protection of environment.
2) heating device includes shell, first partition, second partition, heating rod, exhaust vent, the first blower, the shell It is fixedly mounted on the inner tip of working box, housing bottom is equipped with several exhaust vents, and the enclosure interior is equipped with first partition With second partition, the second partition be set to the lower section of first partition, the first partition left end and inner walls there are Gap, right end are immobilized in the shell on wall, and the second partition left end is immobilized in the shell on wall, right end and inner walls there are Gap is equipped with several heating rods convenient for the flowing of gas between the first partition and second partition, the both ends of the heating rod are pacified In inner walls, first blower is set to working box top, and the first blower outlet air end is communicated with enclosure interior, leads to It crosses the work of the first blower gas is drawn into shell, gas is flowed along first partition and second partition inside housings, It touches heating rod when flowing through between first partition and second partition to heat gas, the gas after heating passes through outlet air Hole is discharged into inside working box, is dried to the tobacco inside working box.
3) power device includes driving motor, driven pulley, belt, connecting shaft, rotation axis, driving pulley;The driving Motor is fixedly installed on working box outer wall, and the output shaft of driving motor passes through working box and extends in working box Portion, the driving pulley are set to the output shaft end of driving motor, several rotation axis, rotation are equipped with inside the working box Axis side is fixed with connecting shaft, and connecting shaft is equipped with driven pulley, passes through belt between the driving pulley and driven pulley Be sequentially connected with, the stoving rack is fixedly mounted on the rotating shaft, driving pulley movement is driven by driving motor, driving pulley with It is driven between driven pulley by belt, to make rotation axis that stoving rack be driven to be rotated.
4) side of driven pulley and driving pulley is equipped with cover, and cover is fixed on working box inner sidewall, connecting shaft Across cover and rotation axis connection, driven pulley is isolated with driving pulley by cover, prevents tobacco from dropping into driven In belt wheel and driving pulley, the efficiency of transmission is influenced.
5) stoving rack includes bracket, rack, and the bracket is fixedly mounted on the rotating shaft, and rack is mounted on bracket Two sides, the rack far from bracket a side end be equipped with several fixed devices, the fixed device include shell, rotating cylinder, Wind spring, bracing wire, hook, the interior of shell are equipped with rotating cylinder, wind spring, bracing wire, and the rotating cylinder is set in the middle part of shell, the rotating cylinder Outside is equipped with wind spring, is equipped with bracing wire on the outside of the wind spring, and described wind spring one end is connect with rotating cylinder, the wind spring other end and bracing wire one end Connection, the other end of the bracing wire are connected with the hook outside shell, tobacco are placed on rack, by pulling hook pair Tobacco is fixed, and prevents tobacco from falling off phenomenon in the rotation.
6) fixed device includes vertical plate, the first screw rod, movable block, the second screw rod, the first round block, cavity, groove, the second circle Block, sleeve, Convenient table, the vertical plate are set to rack end two sides, and between two racks, through-hole is equipped in the middle part of vertical plate, It passes through vertical plate convenient for gas to contact with the tobacco on rack, the vertical plate is symmetrically arranged with several first screw rods in two sides up and down, stands Plate is equipped with the threaded hole cooperated with the first screw rod, and first screw rod end is equipped with the first round block, and the inside of vertical plate, which is equipped with, lives Motion block, movable block and the first screw rod are located on same axis, and first round block is set in the cavity inside movable block, pass through The first screw rod is rotated, so that the first round block is contacted with the cavity left and right sidewall inside movable block, so that movable block be made to carry out Horizontal direction is mobile, adjustable range, and the side of the cavity is equipped with the second screw rod, and the second screw rod both ends both pass through movable block, living Motion block is equipped with the threaded hole cooperated with the second screw rod, and second screw rod end is equipped with the second round block, and second round block is set It is placed in the sleeve below movable block, sleeve bottom is fixedly installed with Convenient table, and movable block bottom is equipped with to be matched with sleeve Groove is moved in vertical direction by the second screw rod of rotation band moving sleeve and Convenient table, tobacco is fixed.
7) fixed device includes vertical plate, the first screw rod, movable block, the first round block, cavity, Convenient table, pull rod, spring, institute State vertical plate and be set to rack end two sides, between two racks, be equipped with through-hole in the middle part of vertical plate, convenient for gas pass through vertical plate with Tobacco contact on rack, two sides are symmetrically arranged with several first screw rods to the vertical plate up and down, and vertical plate is equipped with and the first screw rod The threaded hole of cooperation, first screw rod end are equipped with the first round block, and the inside of vertical plate is equipped with movable block, movable block and the first spiral shell Bar is located on same axis, and first round block is set in the cavity inside movable block, by rotating the first screw rod, so that the One round block is contacted with the cavity left and right sidewall inside movable block, so that it is mobile so that movable block is carried out horizontal direction, adjust away from From the side of the cavity is equipped with pull rod, and pull rod both ends both pass through movable block, and the pull rod bottom end is equipped with Convenient table, the drawing Spring is equipped between the outside of bar, movable block and Convenient table, the spring one end is fixed on the bottom of movable block, the spring other end It is fixed on the top of Convenient table, quickly the tobacco on stoving rack can be fixed.
8) gas-recycling plant includes airscoop shroud, gas pipeline, the second blower, and the airscoop shroud is set to working box bottom Portion side, one side end of airscoop shroud are equipped with gas pipeline, and gas pipeline passes through the second wind at the top of working box and working box Machine is connected, and the exhaust vent of second blower is communicated with the enclosure interior of heating device, carries out to the gas after tobacco drying It recycles, reduces the waste of the energy, be conducive to the protection of environment.
9) air inlet of airscoop shroud is equipped with filter screen, prevents the intracorporal tobacco sucking of work box, influences gas-recycling plant Working efficiency.
10) box house is equipped with several sliding slots and demisting plate and sliding slot corresponds, and demisting plate is mounted in sliding slot, due to Demisting plate after a period of use, is replaced, by the way that multiple demisting plates and sliding slot is arranged, can work carry out into The replacement of row demisting plate, ensure that the efficiency of work.
11) working box inner wall two sides are equipped with illumination apparatus, and the illumination apparatus includes lamp bracket, lampshade, fluorescent tube, stretches Bar, the lamp bracket are equipped with several lampshades, fluorescent tube are equipped with inside lampshade, and lamp bracket side is equipped with telescopic rod, and the telescopic rod is fixed It is mounted on working box inner wall, the distance between lamp bracket adjustment and stoving rack is driven by telescopic rod, filled by setting illumination It sets, accelerates tobacco drying rate, improve working efficiency.
12) air inlet of the first blower is equipped with solenoid valve, and working box side inner wall is equipped with pressure sensor, work box Side is equipped with controller outside body, and the temperature sensor, pressure sensor use those skilled in the art institute with controller Well known mode is electrically connected, and incudes the air pressure inside working box by pressure sensor, to control electricity by controller Magnet valve it is on and off, to guarantee the constant of working box air pressure inside;The dodge gate is equipped with observation window, convenient for real When observation working box inside situation.
Detailed description of the invention
Attached drawing 1 is a kind of 1 structural schematic diagram of tobacco business drying unit embodiment of the present invention.
Attached drawing 2 is a kind of 1 schematic diagram of internal structure of tobacco business drying unit embodiment of the present invention.
Attached drawing 3 is powerplant configuration schematic diagram in a kind of tobacco business drying unit embodiment 1 of the present invention.
Attached drawing 4 is drying holder structure schematic diagram in a kind of tobacco business drying unit embodiment 1 of the present invention.
Attached drawing 5 is a kind of tobacco business of the present invention with fixing device schematic diagram of internal structure in drying unit embodiment 1.
Attached drawing 6 is gas-recycling plant structural schematic diagram in a kind of tobacco business drying unit embodiment 1 of the present invention.
Attached drawing 7 is heating device schematic diagram of internal structure in a kind of tobacco business drying unit embodiment 1 of the present invention.
Attached drawing 8 is drying device schematic diagram of internal structure in a kind of tobacco business drying unit embodiment 1 of the present invention.
Attached drawing 9 is illumination apparatus structural schematic diagram in a kind of tobacco business drying unit embodiment 1 of the present invention.
Attached drawing 10 is fixture structure schematic diagram in a kind of tobacco business drying unit embodiment 2 of the present invention.
Attached drawing 11 is movable block schematic diagram of internal structure in a kind of tobacco business drying unit embodiment 2 of the present invention.
Attached drawing 12 is movable block schematic diagram of internal structure in a kind of tobacco business drying unit embodiment 3 of the present invention.
In figure: 1, working box;2, dodge gate;21, hinge;22, handle;23, observation window;3, controller;4, heating dress It sets;401, shell;402, first partition;403, second partition;404, heating rod;405, exhaust vent;406, the first blower;407, Solenoid valve;5, power device;501, driving motor;502, driven pulley;503, belt;504, connecting shaft;505, rotation axis; 506, cover;507, driving pulley;6, stoving rack;601, bracket;602, rack;7, fixed device;701, shell;702, turn Cylinder;703, wind spring;704, bracing wire;705, it links up with;706, vertical plate;707, the first screw rod;708, through-hole;709, movable block;710, Second screw rod;711, the first round block;712, cavity;713, groove;714, the second round block;715, sleeve;716, Convenient table;717, Pull rod;718, spring;8, gas-recycling plant;801, airscoop shroud;802, gas pipeline;803, the second blower;804, filter screen; 9, drying device;901, cabinet;902, sliding slot;903, demisting plate;10, illumination apparatus;1001, lamp bracket;1002, lampshade;1003, Fluorescent tube;1004, telescopic rod;11, temperature sensor;12, pressure sensor.
Specific embodiment
1-12 with reference to the accompanying drawing, technical scheme in the embodiment of the invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that Described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the implementation in the present invention Example, every other embodiment obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts belong to The scope of protection of the invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that, term " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outside" is based on attached drawing institute The orientation or positional relationship shown is merely for convenience of the description present invention, rather than the device or element of indication or suggestion meaning must There must be specific orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, therefore be not considered as limiting the invention.
Embodiment 1
As shown in figs 1-9, a kind of tobacco business drying unit, including it is working box 1, dodge gate 2, heating device 4, dynamic Power device 5, stoving rack 6, fixed device 7, gas-recycling plant 8, the working box 1 are equipped with dodge gate 2, on dodge gate 2 Equipped with handle 22, carried out hingedly between dodge gate 2 and working box 1 by hinge 21, convenient for the open and close of dodge gate 2, Tobacco to be dried to be put into inside working box 1 and is dried, 1 inner upper of working box is equipped with heating device 4, The 1 side inner wall of working box is equipped with temperature sensor 11, and the temperature sensor 11 uses commercially available matured product, such as It is the model 00PT100 platinum resistance temperature sensor of Shanghai Ni Jing Electronic Science and Technology Co., Ltd. production, passes through temperature sensor 11 incude the temperature inside working box 1, and stoving rack 6 is equipped with below heating device 4, and stoving rack 6 is equipped with fixed device 7, dries It quarrels 6 to be connected with power device 5, the power device 5 is set to the upper of working box 1, will be to be dried by fixed device 7 Tobacco be fixed on the surface of 6 two sides of stoving rack, power device 5 drive stoving rack 6 rotate, heating device 4 is on stoving rack 6 Tobacco dried, gas-recycling plant 8,8 one end of gas-recycling plant and 1 bottom of working box are equipped on the left of working box 1 Portion's connection, 8 other end of gas-recycling plant are connected with heating device 4, so that the gas inside working box 1 carries out circulation and makes With.
The heating device 4 include shell 401, first partition 402, second partition 403, heating rod 404, exhaust vent 405, First blower 406, the shell 401 are fixedly mounted on the inner tip of working box 1, and 401 bottom of shell is equipped with several outlet air Hole 405, is equipped with first partition 402 and second partition 403 inside the shell 401, the second partition 403 be set to first every There are gap, right end is fixed on 401 inner wall of shell for the lower section of plate 402,402 left end of first partition and 401 inner wall of shell, 403 left end of second partition is fixed on 401 inner wall of shell, and there are gaps with 401 inner wall of shell for right end, convenient for the stream of gas It is dynamic, several heating rods 404 are equipped between the first partition 402 and second partition 403, the both ends of the heating rod 404 are installed On 401 inner wall of shell, first blower 406 is set to 1 top of working box, 406 outlet air end of the first blower and shell 401 Inside is come round, and is worked by the first blower 406 and gas is drawn into shell 401, gas is inside shell 401 along first partition 402 are flowed with second partition 403, and heating rod 404 is touched when flowing through between first partition 402 and second partition 403 Gas is heated, the gas after heating is discharged into inside working box 1 by exhaust vent 405, inside working box 1 Tobacco is dried.
The power device 5 include driving motor 501, driven pulley 502, belt 503, connecting shaft 504, rotation axis 505, Driving pulley 507;The driving motor 501 is set on the outer wall of working box 1, and the output shaft of driving motor 501 passes through work Make cabinet 1 and extend to inside working box 1, the driving pulley 507 is set to the output shaft end of driving motor 501, institute It states and is equipped with several rotation axis 505 inside working box 1,505 side of rotation axis is fixed with connecting shaft 504, sets in connecting shaft 504 There is driven pulley 502, is sequentially connected between the driving pulley 507 and driven pulley 502 by belt 503, the stoving rack 6 It is fixedly mounted in rotation axis 505, drives driving pulley 507 to move by driving motor 501, driving pulley 507 and driven belt It is driven between wheel 502 by belt 503, to make rotation axis 505 that stoving rack 6 be driven to be rotated.
The side of the driven pulley 502 and driving pulley 507 is equipped with cover 506, and cover 506 is fixed on working box 1 On inner sidewall, connecting shaft 504 passes through cover 506 and connect with rotation axis 505, by cover 506 to driven pulley 502 and main belt Wheel 507 is isolated, and prevents tobacco from dropping into driven pulley 502 and driving pulley 507, influences the efficiency of transmission.
The stoving rack 6 includes bracket 601 and rack 602, and the bracket 601 is fixedly mounted in rotation axis 505, puts The two sides that frame 602 is mounted on bracket 601 are set, the rack 602 is equipped with several fixed devices 7 far from a side end of bracket, The fixed device 7 includes shell 701, rotating cylinder 702, wind spring 703, bracing wire 704, hook 705, is equipped with inside the shell 701 Rotating cylinder 702, wind spring 703, bracing wire 704, the rotating cylinder 702 are set to 701 middle part of shell, are equipped with wind spring on the outside of the rotating cylinder 702 703, bracing wire 704 is equipped on the outside of the wind spring 703, described 703 one end of wind spring connect with rotating cylinder 702,703 other end of wind spring and drawing The connection of 704 one end of line, the other end of the bracing wire 704 are connected with the hook 705 outside shell 701, and tobacco is placed on placement On frame 602, by pulling 705 pairs of tobaccos of hook to be fixed, prevent tobacco from falling off phenomenon in the rotation.
The gas-recycling plant 8 includes airscoop shroud 801, gas pipeline 802, the second blower 803, the airscoop shroud 801 It is set to 1 bottom side of working box, 801 1 side end of airscoop shroud is equipped with gas pipeline 802, and gas pipeline 802 passes through work Cabinet 1 is connected with second blower 803 at 1 top of working box, exhaust vent and the heating device 4 of second blower 803 It is communicated inside shell 401, the gas after tobacco drying is recycled, reduces the waste of the energy, is conducive to environment Protection.
The air inlet of the airscoop shroud 801 is equipped with filter screen 804, prevents the tobacco in working box 1 from sucking, influences gas The working efficiency of circulator 8.
The gas pipeline 802 is equipped with drying device 9, and the drying device 9 includes cabinet 901 and demisting plate 903, institute It states cabinet 901 to be fixedly mounted on gas pipeline 802, demisting plate 903 is equipped with inside cabinet 901, after drying to tobacco Gas contains certain humidity, is dehumidified by drying device 9 to gas, accelerates the time of gas subsequent heat, improves whole The working efficiency of body.
Several sliding slots 902 are equipped with inside the cabinet 901, demisting plate 903 and sliding slot 902 correspond, and demisting plate 903 is pacified It in sliding slot 902, after a period of use due to demisting plate 903, is replaced, by the way that multiple demisting plates 903 are arranged With sliding slot 902, the replacement for the carry out demisting plate 903 that can be carried out in work ensure that the efficiency of work.
The 1 inner wall two sides of working box are equipped with illumination apparatus 10, and the illumination apparatus includes lamp bracket 1001, lampshade 1002, fluorescent tube 1003, telescopic rod 1004, the lamp bracket 1001 are equipped with several lampshades 1002, are equipped with fluorescent tube inside lampshade 1002 1003,1001 side of lamp bracket is equipped with telescopic rod 1004, and the telescopic rod 1004 is fixedly mounted on 1 inner wall of working box, passes through Telescopic rod 1004 drives the distance between the adjustment of lamp bracket 1001 and stoving rack 6, by the way that illumination apparatus 10 is arranged, accelerates tobacco baking Dry speed, improves working efficiency.
The air inlet of first blower 406 is equipped with solenoid valve 407, and 1 side inner wall of working box is equipped with pressure sensing Device 12,1 outside side of working box are equipped with controller 3, and the temperature sensor 11, pressure sensor 12 are adopted with controller 3 It is electrically connected with mode well-known to those skilled in the art, the pressure sensor 12 uses commercially available matured product, for example is The pressure sensor of Beijing foundation for a great undertaking point development in science and technology Co., Ltd production, the controller 3 uses commercially available matured product, for example is The model BZ2046-T type microcontroller of Weifang Ke Yi electronics corporation production incudes working box 1 by pressure sensor 12 Internal air pressure, and the on and off of solenoid valve 407 is controlled by controller 3, to guarantee 1 air pressure inside of working box It is constant;The dodge gate 2 is equipped with observation window 23, convenient for observing the situation inside working box 1 in real time.
Embodiment 2
As shown in figs. 10-11, unlike the first embodiment, the fixed device 7 include vertical plate 706, the first screw rod 707, Movable block 709, the second screw rod 710, the first round block 711, the second round block 714, sleeve 715, Convenient table 716, the vertical plate 706 are set It is placed in 602 end two sides of rack, between two racks 602, is equipped with through-hole 708 in the middle part of vertical plate 706, passed through convenient for gas vertical Plate 706 is contacted with the tobacco on rack 602, and about 706 two sides of vertical plate are symmetrically arranged with several first screw rods 707, vertical plate 706 are equipped with the threaded hole cooperated with the first screw rod 707, and 707 end of the first screw rod is equipped with the first round block 711, vertical plate 706 Inside be equipped with movable block 709, movable block 709 and the first screw rod 707 be located on same axis, the setting of the first round block 711 In cavity 712 inside movable block 709, by rotating the first screw rod 707, so that inside the first round block 711 and movable block 709 712 left and right sidewall of cavity contacted, so that it is mobile so that movable block 709 is carried out horizontal direction, adjustable range, the cavity 712 side is equipped with the second screw rod 710, and 710 both ends of the second screw rod both pass through movable block 709, and movable block 709 is equipped with and second The threaded hole that screw rod 710 cooperates, 710 end of the second screw rod are equipped with the second round block 714, and second round block 714 is set to In the sleeve 715 of 709 lower section of movable block, 715 bottom of sleeve is fixedly installed with Convenient table 716, and 709 bottom of movable block is equipped with and set The groove 713 that cylinder 715 matches is transported by the second screw rod 710 of rotation with moving sleeve 715 and Convenient table 716 in vertical direction It is dynamic, tobacco is fixed.
Embodiment 3
As shown in Figure 10, Figure 11, unlike the first embodiment, the fixed device includes vertical plate 706, the first screw rod 707, movable block 709, the first round block 711, Convenient table 716, pull rod 717, spring 718, the vertical plate 706 are set to rack 602 ends two sides between two racks 602, are equipped with through-hole 708 in the middle part of vertical plate 706, pass through vertical plate 706 convenient for gas and put The tobacco contact on frame 602 is set, about 706 two sides of vertical plate are symmetrically arranged with several first screw rods 707, and vertical plate 706 is equipped with With the threaded hole of the first screw rod 707 cooperation, 707 end of the first screw rod is equipped with the first round block 711, and the inside of vertical plate 706 is set There is movable block 709, movable block 709 and the first screw rod 707 are located on same axis, and first round block 711 is set to movable block In cavity 712 inside 709, by rotating the first screw rod 707, so that the first round block 711 and the cavity inside movable block 709 712 left and right sidewalls are contacted, thus keep the progress horizontal direction of movable block 709 mobile, adjustable range, the one of the cavity 712 Side is equipped with pull rod 717, and 717 both ends of pull rod both pass through movable block 709, and 717 bottom end of pull rod is equipped with Convenient table 716, the drawing Spring 718 is equipped between the outside of bar 717, movable block 709 and Convenient table 716, described 718 one end of spring is fixed on movable block 709 bottom, 718 other end of spring are fixed on the top of Convenient table 716, and quickly the tobacco on stoving rack 6 can be fixed.
Above content is only to structure example of the invention and explanation, affiliated those skilled in the art It makes various modifications or additions to the described embodiments or is substituted in a similar manner, without departing from invention Structure or beyond the scope defined by this claim, be within the scope of protection of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of tobacco business drying unit, including working box, dodge gate, heating device, stoving rack, temperature sensor, The working box is equipped with dodge gate, and dodge gate is equipped with handle, is cut with scissors between dodge gate and working box by hinge It connects, the heating device is set to working box inner upper, and the stoving rack is set to below heating device, the work box Body side inner wall is equipped with temperature sensor;It is characterized in that, further including power device, fixed device, gas-recycling plant, institute It states fixed device to be set to above stoving rack, stoving rack is connected with power device, and the power device is set to working box On, the gas-recycling plant is set on the left of working box, and gas-recycling plant one end is connect with working box bottom, gas The circulator other end is connected with heating device.
2. a kind of tobacco business drying unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the heating device includes shell Body, first partition, second partition, heating rod, exhaust vent, the first blower, the shell are fixedly mounted on the inside of working box Top, the exhaust vent are set to housing bottom, and the first partition and second partition are set to enclosure interior, described second every Plate is set to the lower section of first partition, and there are gap, right end is immobilized in the shell wall for the first partition left end and inner walls On, the second partition left end is immobilized in the shell on wall, and there are gap, the heating rod is set to for right end and inner walls Between one partition and second partition, in the both ends installation on the inner wall of the housing of the heating rod, first blower is set to work Cabinet top, the first blower outlet air end are communicated with enclosure interior.
3. a kind of tobacco business drying unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the power device includes driving Dynamic motor, driven pulley, belt, connecting shaft, rotation axis, driving pulley, the driving motor are fixedly installed on outside working box On wall, the output shaft of driving motor passes through working box and extends to inside working box, and driving pulley is set to driving motor Output shaft end, be equipped with several rotation axis inside the working box, rotation axis side is fixed with connecting shaft, in connecting shaft It equipped with driven pulley, is sequentially connected between driving pulley and driven pulley by belt, the stoving rack is fixedly mounted on rotation On axis;The side of the driven pulley and driving pulley is equipped with cover, and cover is fixed on working box inner sidewall, and connecting shaft is worn Cross cover and rotation axis connection.
4. a kind of tobacco business drying unit according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the stoving rack includes branch Frame, rack, the bracket are fixedly mounted on the rotating shaft, and the rack is mounted on the two sides of bracket, and the rack is remote Several fixed devices are equipped with from a side end of bracket, the fixed device includes shell, and the interior of shell is equipped with rotating cylinder, volume Spring, bracing wire, the rotating cylinder are set in the middle part of shell, and wind spring is equipped on the outside of the rotating cylinder, and bracing wire is equipped on the outside of the wind spring, described Wind spring one end is connect with rotating cylinder, and the wind spring other end is connect with bracing wire one end, the other end of the bracing wire and the hook phase outside shell Connection.
5. a kind of tobacco business drying unit according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the fixed device includes vertical Plate, the first screw rod, movable block, the second screw rod, the first round block, the second round block, sleeve, Convenient table, the vertical plate are set to placement Frame end portion two sides between two racks, are equipped with through-hole in the middle part of vertical plate, the vertical plate is symmetrically arranged with several first spiral shells in two sides up and down Bar, vertical plate are equipped with the threaded hole cooperated with the first screw rod, and first screw rod end is equipped with the first round block, sets on the inside of vertical plate There is movable block, movable block and the first screw rod are located on same axis, and first round block is set in the cavity inside movable block, The side of the cavity is equipped with the second screw rod, and the second screw rod both ends both pass through movable block, and movable block is equipped with matches with the second screw rod The threaded hole of conjunction, second screw rod end are equipped with the second round block, and second round block is set in the sleeve below movable block, Sleeve bottom is fixedly installed with Convenient table, and movable block bottom is equipped with the groove matched with sleeve.
6. a kind of tobacco business drying unit according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the fixed device includes vertical Plate, the first screw rod, movable block, the first round block, Convenient table, pull rod, spring, the vertical plate are set to rack end two sides, and two Between a rack, through-hole is equipped in the middle part of vertical plate, the vertical plate is symmetrically arranged with several first screw rods in two sides up and down, and vertical plate is equipped with With the threaded hole of the first screw rod cooperation, first screw rod end is equipped with the first round block, and the inside of vertical plate is equipped with movable block, activity Block and the first screw rod are located on same axis, and first round block is set in the cavity inside movable block, and the one of the cavity Side is equipped with pull rod, and pull rod both ends both pass through movable block, and the pull rod bottom end is equipped with Convenient table, the outside of the pull rod, movable block Spring is equipped between Convenient table, the spring one end is fixed on the bottom of movable block, and the spring other end is fixed on Convenient table Top.
7. a kind of tobacco business drying unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that gas-recycling plant include into Gas hood, gas pipeline, the second blower, the airscoop shroud are set to working box bottom side, and one side end of airscoop shroud is equipped with defeated Feed channel, second blower are set at the top of working box, and gas pipeline passes through the second blower of working box and is connected, described The exhaust vent of second blower is communicated with the enclosure interior of heating device;The air inlet of the airscoop shroud is equipped with filter screen.
8. a kind of tobacco business drying unit according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the gas pipeline is equipped with Drying device, the drying device include cabinet, demisting plate, and the cabinet is fixedly mounted on gas pipeline;In the cabinet Portion is equipped with several sliding slots, and demisting plate and sliding slot correspond, and demisting plate is mounted in sliding slot.
9. a kind of tobacco business drying unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the working box inner wall two Side is equipped with illumination apparatus, and the illumination apparatus includes lamp bracket, and the lamp bracket is equipped with several lampshades, is equipped with fluorescent tube inside lampshade, Lamp bracket side is equipped with telescopic rod, and the telescopic rod is fixedly mounted on working box inner wall;The dodge gate is equipped with observation window.
10. a kind of tobacco business drying unit according to claim 2, which is characterized in that first blower into Air port is equipped with solenoid valve, and working box side inner wall is equipped with pressure sensor, and side is equipped with controller, institute outside working box Temperature sensor, pressure sensor is stated to be electrically connected with controller.
CN201910582717.4A 2019-07-01 2019-07-01 Drying device for tobacco industry Active CN110285648B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111579094A (en) * 2020-05-26 2020-08-25 广东电网有限责任公司 Infrared temperature measurement window

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CN2346215Y (en) * 1998-04-17 1999-11-03 顾选 Intelligence quality tobacco leaf primary roasting equipment
CN2548095Y (en) * 2002-02-27 2003-04-30 歙县农业机械化管理局 Hot-air drying unit
KR101376115B1 (en) * 2013-08-16 2014-03-19 손창규 Waste heet recovery system of agricultural products drying apparatus
CN205695649U (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-11-23 云南省烟草农业科学研究院 A kind of use for laboratory baking apparatus for tobacco leaf that Nicotiana tabacum L. can be made to be heated evenly
CN108332301A (en) * 2018-02-01 2018-07-27 苏州万君筑天建设工程有限公司 A kind of cleaning medicament compartment air cleaning unit and method
CN109500632A (en) * 2018-12-11 2019-03-22 赣州市南康区万家源家具有限公司 A kind of plate fixing device
CN109764664A (en) * 2019-01-25 2019-05-17 吴飞亚 A kind of weaving cheese drying unit

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2346215Y (en) * 1998-04-17 1999-11-03 顾选 Intelligence quality tobacco leaf primary roasting equipment
CN2548095Y (en) * 2002-02-27 2003-04-30 歙县农业机械化管理局 Hot-air drying unit
KR101376115B1 (en) * 2013-08-16 2014-03-19 손창규 Waste heet recovery system of agricultural products drying apparatus
CN205695649U (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-11-23 云南省烟草农业科学研究院 A kind of use for laboratory baking apparatus for tobacco leaf that Nicotiana tabacum L. can be made to be heated evenly
CN108332301A (en) * 2018-02-01 2018-07-27 苏州万君筑天建设工程有限公司 A kind of cleaning medicament compartment air cleaning unit and method
CN109500632A (en) * 2018-12-11 2019-03-22 赣州市南康区万家源家具有限公司 A kind of plate fixing device
CN109764664A (en) * 2019-01-25 2019-05-17 吴飞亚 A kind of weaving cheese drying unit

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111579094A (en) * 2020-05-26 2020-08-25 广东电网有限责任公司 Infrared temperature measurement window

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