CN110206183A - A kind of assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper - Google Patents

A kind of assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110206183A
CN110206183A CN201910539095.7A CN201910539095A CN110206183A CN 110206183 A CN110206183 A CN 110206183A CN 201910539095 A CN201910539095 A CN 201910539095A CN 110206183 A CN110206183 A CN 110206183A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
type
box
resetting
steel plate
Prior art date
Application number
CN201910539095.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈云
卫翰林
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海南大学
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Application filed by 海南大学 filed Critical 海南大学
Priority to CN201910539095.7A priority Critical patent/CN110206183A/en
Publication of CN110206183A publication Critical patent/CN110206183A/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H9/00Buildings, or groups of buildings, or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake, extreme climate
    • E04H9/02Buildings, or groups of buildings, or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake, extreme climate withstanding earthquake or sinking of ground
    • E04H9/021Bearing, supporting or connecting constructions specially adapted for such buildings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H9/00Buildings, or groups of buildings, or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake, extreme climate
    • E04H9/02Buildings, or groups of buildings, or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake, extreme climate withstanding earthquake or sinking of ground
    • E04H9/021Bearing, supporting or connecting constructions specially adapted for such buildings
    • E04H9/0235Anti-seismic devices with hydraulic or pneumatic damping

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of assembled Self-resetting X-type metal dampers, including steel plate combination component, piston component, box-type member, bottom plate, fastener, elastic component and dissipative member;Steel plate combination component includes flange plate and web;The quantity of dissipative member be it is multiple, dissipative member includes connecting plate and Wasted-energy steel plate;The side plate of the panel of connecting plate and the piston component is arranged in parallel, and the side plate by multiple connectors respectively with piston component and box-type member is fastenedly connected;Muti-piece Wasted-energy steel plate is fixed in parallel between two pieces of connecting plates, and Wasted-energy steel plate is the narrow X-type plate in the wide centre in both ends, and the surrender area of X-type plate is big, plasticity is evenly distributed, and during energy consumption, each point of Wasted-energy steel plate enters plastic deformation simultaneously.Damper provided by the invention according to different operating conditions, can adjust the deformation energy-dissipating property of Wasted-energy steel plate by way of dismounting and change;Meanwhile the component of damper occur fatigue rupture after also can timely dismounting and change, energy consumption effect is good, self-resetting capability is strong.

Description

A kind of assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper

Technical field

The present invention relates to energy-dissipating and shock-absorbing technical field, more particularly to a kind of assembled Self-resetting X-type metal resistance Buddhist nun's device.

Background technique

In recent years, many bigger earthquakes have occurred both at home and abroad, cause very big casualties and property loss, Earthquake disaster has become one of natural calamity of most serious of facing mankind.Traditional antidetonation mainly relies on building itself Deformation and energy consumption resist geological process power, this anti-shock methods can bring the damage that can not be repaired to building.Decades Come, by the continuous research of domestic and foreign scholars, damper is added in proposition between floors, absorbs ground using damper dissipative cell Shake acts on the energy of input structure, so that the technology for building main supporting member, i.e. passive type energy-dissipating and shock-absorbing technology are protected, because of it Have many advantages, such as that reliable performance, energy-dissipating property are stable, easy to maintain and be widely used in engineering construction.It has developed at present A plurality of types of dampers out: with metal damper, frcition damper, viscoelastic damper, based on four major class of viscous damper.

Metal damper is cheap with its, reliable performance, with stable hysteretic characteristic, good low-cycle fatigue etc. Generally favor of the advantage by people, application prospect in practical projects are extremely wide, wherein X-type metal damper also has Have the advantages that plastic deformation is big, hysteresis loop is full, also, in the structure with the installation of specific mounting means after, be capable of providing one Fixed initial stiffness, the effects of allowing structure to resist wind load and small shake, above a variety of advantages damp X-type metal Device becomes one of damper the most commonly used in current architecture configuration energy-dissipating and shock-absorbing.

But the X-type metal damper currently used for energy-dissipating and shock-absorbing still has many defects in terms of design and performance, Wherein, a more universal defect has: damper generates yield deformation during energy consumption, after energy consumption, due to lacking Weary self-resetting capability or self-resetting capability are too small, and dissipative cell still has biggish yield deformation, and dissipative cell is residual at this time Remaining deformation can be difficult to the negative consequence repaired to the stress of building structure and using functional bands.

Therefore, how the damper that a kind of effect of energy dissipation is good, self-resetting capability is strong is provided, is that those skilled in the art need It solves the problems, such as.

Summary of the invention

In view of this, the present invention provides a kind of assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper, damper be mounted on frame, Frame-Shear Wall and coupling beam are across middle position, can be according to different operating conditions, by tearing open using X-type metal foil as Wasted-energy steel plate The mode for unloading replacement adjusts the deformation energy-dissipating property of Wasted-energy steel plate;Meanwhile also can after fatigue rupture occurs for the component of damper Timely dismounting and change, energy consumption effect is good, self-resetting capability is strong.

To achieve the goals above, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme:

A kind of assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper, comprising: steel plate combination component, piston component, box-type member, bottom Plate, fastener, elastic component and dissipative member;

The steel plate combination component includes flange plate and web;Two blocks of flange plates are arranged in parallel up and down;Described in muti-piece Web is fixed between two blocks of flange plates;

The piston component is fixedly connected with the bottom surface center of the flange plate of lower section;

The box-type member is both ends open or closed box-structure, and multiple box-type members surround the piston structure Part arrangement;

The bottom plate has just connect as common bottom plate and multiple box-type members, forms an entirety;

The appended claims pass through the top plate of two blocks of flange plates and the box-type member, and the two of the fastener End is fastened on respectively on the inside of the edge of a wing plate top surface of top and the top plate of the box-type member;

The elastic component is set on the fastener, and is separately positioned on the flange plate and the box structure of lower section Between the top plate outer wall of part and between the top plate inner wall of the box-type member and the bottom end of the fastener, the elastic component In elastic compression;

The quantity of the dissipative member be it is multiple, the dissipative member includes connecting plate and Wasted-energy steel plate;The connecting plate The side plate of panel and the piston component is arranged in parallel, and by multiple connectors respectively with the piston component and the box The side plate of component is fastenedly connected;Wasted-energy steel plate described in muti-piece is fixed in parallel between two pieces of connecting plates;

The Wasted-energy steel plate is the X-type plate that both ends are wide, centre is narrow, and the surrender area of the X-type plate is big, plasticity is evenly distributed, During energy consumption, each point of the Wasted-energy steel plate enters plastic deformation simultaneously.

Through the above technical solutions, the present invention proposes that a kind of assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper, damper are mounted on Frame, Frame-Shear Wall and coupling beam are across middle position, using X-type metal foil as Wasted-energy steel plate, under small shake or wind load, and resistance Buddhist nun's device can provide certain rigidity, and resistance to deformation, under big shake, the Wasted-energy steel plate yield deformation of dissipative member is big for building consumption Measure the energy of Seismic input;After earthquake, elastic component, which provides stronger self-resetting capability, makes the basic Self-resetting of Wasted-energy steel plate, from And realize damper runback bit function, it is substantially reduced the residual deformation of damper, due to using fastening between each component of damper The detachable connection method of part and connector, the present invention have the function of the installing and dismounting of convenient and efficient, can according to different operating conditions, The deformation energy-dissipating property of Wasted-energy steel plate is adjusted by way of dismounting and change;Meanwhile after fatigue rupture occurs for the component of damper It also being capable of timely dismounting and change.

The steel plate combination component of this damper and the bottom plate of box-type member are connected with the relative deformation position of structure respectively, Piston component and box-type member generate relative deformation when earthquake, drive dissipative member surrender energy consumption;The Wasted-energy steel plate of dissipative member is X Shape steel plate, plasticity are uniformly distributed, and during bending energy-wasting, have a biggish surrender area, steel plate uniform force everywhere, and Each point almost enters plastic deformation simultaneously, gives full play to material property, improves the utilization rate of material;X-shaped steel plate selects surrender The lower material of stress ratio is made, and has good energy-dissipating and shock-absorbing performance, hysteresis loop is full, and anti-fatigue ability is superior; Damper structure is simple, and it is convenient to replace after shake, damping clear mechanism, energy-dissipating and shock-absorbing significant effect.

Preferably, in a kind of above-mentioned assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper, the quantity of the web is two pieces or two It more than block, and is separately fixed between two blocks of flange plates.Under normal circumstances, flange plate is supported by muti-piece web, web Play the effect of ribbed stiffener.

It preferably, further include closed plate in a kind of above-mentioned assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper, the closed plate It is fixed on the open end of the box-type member.When not installing closed plate, the installing and dismounting of dissipative member and fastener is more just It is prompt;When installing closed plate, the rigidity of box-type member can be improved.

Preferably, in a kind of above-mentioned assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper, the piston component be monolithic steel plate, Or the edge head and the tail of plurality of steel plates fix the right-angled intersection knot of the box-structure of composition or the steel plate composition with flange plate Structure.

It should be understood that

When piston component is monolithic steel plate, the quantity of box-type member and dissipative member is two, box-type member difference Positioned at the two sides of monolithic steel plate, dissipative member is located between monolithic steel plate and box-type member;

When the box-structure for the fixed composition of edge head and the tail that piston component is plurality of steel plates, according to plurality of steel plates composition Box-structure determines the quantity of box-type member and dissipative member:

When the triangle box-structure of three blocks of steel plates composition: the quantity of box-type member and dissipative member is three, case Type component is located at the outside of three blocks of steel plates, and dissipative member is located between every block of steel plate and box-type member;

When the rectangular box structure of four blocks of steel plates composition: the quantity of box-type member and dissipative member is four, box Component is located at the outside of four blocks of steel plates, and dissipative member is located between every block of steel plate and box-type member;

When the pentagon box-structure of five blocks of steel plates composition: the quantity of box-type member and dissipative member is five, case Type component is located at the outside of five blocks of steel plates, and dissipative member is located between every block of steel plate and box-type member;

When the hexagon box-structure of six blocks of steel plates composition: the quantity of box-type member and dissipative member is six, case Type component is located at the outside of six blocks of steel plates, and dissipative member is located between every block of steel plate and box-type member;

And so on;

When piston component is the criss-cross construction of the steel plate composition with flange plate: box-type member and dissipative member Quantity is four, and box-type member is located at the outside of flange plate, and dissipative member is located at every block of flange plate and box structure Between part.

Preferably, in a kind of above-mentioned assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper, the fastener includes the first high-strength spiral shell Bolt and the first nut;First high-strength bolt passes through the top plate of two blocks of flange plates and the box-type member;Described first Nut is threadedly coupled with the both ends of first high-strength bolt respectively, and first nut tightening on top withstands on the institute of top The top surface of flange plate is stated, first nut tightening of bottom end withstands on the bottom end of elastic component.Pass through the first high-strength bolt and first Nut not only dismantle by ease of assembly, but also can facilitate the precompression for adjusting elastic component.

Preferably, in a kind of above-mentioned assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper, the elastic component be disk spring or Ring spring or shape memory alloy spring.It is capable of providing enough rigidity, deformability and bearing capacity.

Preferably, in a kind of above-mentioned assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper, the flange plate and the case of lower section The bottom of the quantity of elastic component between the top plate outer wall of type component and the top plate inner wall of the box-type member and the fastener The quantity of elastic component between end equal at least two.Spring rigidity having the same inside and outside box-type member, bearing capacity And deformability, precompression, after damper is acted on by external load, box structure are applied to spring by the first high-strength bolt Spring inside and outside part can make damper realize Self-resetting.

Preferably, in a kind of above-mentioned assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper, the connector includes the second high-strength spiral shell Bolt and the second nut;Second high-strength bolt is each passed through the side plate of the connecting plate and the box-type member and another Connecting plate described in block and the piston component, and be fastenedly connected by second nut.Dissipative member and piston can be facilitated Disassembly and connection between component and box-type member.

Preferably, in a kind of above-mentioned assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper, the corner angle of the Wasted-energy steel plate are circular arc Shape.And arc radius is unsuitable too small, stress is concentrated in order to prevent.

Preferably, in a kind of above-mentioned assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper, the Wasted-energy steel plate be Low Yield Point Steel, Or Q235 steel or marmem plate.Be conducive to improve the surrender energy dissipation capacity of Wasted-energy steel plate.

Preferably, in a kind of above-mentioned assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper, the performance of Wasted-energy steel plate is according to building structure Specific operating condition and local seismic fortification intensity etc. determine, by analyzing its hysteresis loop it can be concluded that X-type metal damper The parameters such as maximum load capacity.

Preferably, in a kind of above-mentioned assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper, the damping of assembled Self-resetting X type metal Device needs to determine in advance and allows residual deformation value when being designed, according to allowing residual deformation value and X-type metal damper The parameters such as maximum load capacity further determine that the rigidity of elastic component, preferably guarantee box-type member inner and outer spring rate it It is greater than the half of X type metal damper maximum load capacity with the product of residual deformation value is allowed.

Preferably, in a kind of above-mentioned assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper, the damping of assembled Self-resetting X type metal Device should consider the elastic displacement limit of spring, the extreme displacement of dissipative member and structure when carrying out whole design simultaneously Maximum possible relative floor displacement guarantees that under the external actions such as earthquake or wind, spring and dissipative member will not be because of displacements It is excessive and destroy.

Preferably, in a kind of above-mentioned assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper, steel plate combination component and box-type member exist When carrying out size design, it is considered as the design maximum displacement of dissipative member, guarantees that metal damping device there are enough deformation spaces.

Preferably, in a kind of above-mentioned assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper, steel plate combination component, box-type member with And associated joint members should have enough stiffness and strength, and structure is made to pass to assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper Deformation is concentrated mainly on dissipative member.

Preferably, in a kind of above-mentioned assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper, the damping of assembled Self-resetting X type metal The connection type of all components of device: including the connection between steel plate combination component and elastic component and box-type member, piston component Connection between dissipative member and box-type member is to be bolted, and can carry out convenient and fast dismounting and change.

Preferably, it in a kind of above-mentioned assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper, spring and is combined for junction steel plate The high-strength bolt of component and box-type member and spring is respectively arranged on the four corners of the flange plate of top at least provided with four, with The anti-torsion ability for promoting single unit system, reinforces the stability of single unit system.

Preferably, in a kind of above-mentioned assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper, the every part of the second high-strength bolt should be at least It is arranged two groups, to guarantee that metal damper steadily can just connect between piston component and box-type member.

Preferably, in a kind of above-mentioned assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper, the damping of assembled Self-resetting X type metal Structure relative deformation can be arranged in by monocline support or timbering with rafter arch sets or the modes such as wall connection or the connection of coupling beam span centre type in device Biggish position.

It can be seen via above technical scheme that compared with prior art, the present disclosure provides a kind of assembled runbacks Position X-type metal damper, has the advantages that

1, the present invention proposes that a kind of assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper, damper are mounted on frame, frame-shearing Wall and coupling beam are across middle position, and using X-type metal foil as Wasted-energy steel plate, under small shake or wind load, damper be can provide centainly Rigidity, resistance to deformation, under big shake, the Wasted-energy steel plate yield deformation of dissipative member consumes the energy that a large amount of earthquakes introduce for building Amount;After earthquake, elastic component, which provides stronger self-resetting capability, makes the basic Self-resetting of Wasted-energy steel plate, to realize damper certainly Reset function is substantially reduced the residual deformation of damper.

2, the bottom plate of the steel plate combination component of this damper and box-type member is connected with the relative deformation position of structure respectively It connects, piston component and box-type member generate relative deformation when earthquake, drive dissipative member surrender energy consumption;The Wasted-energy steel plate of dissipative member For X-shaped steel plate, plasticity is uniformly distributed, and during bending energy-wasting, has biggish surrender area, stress is equal everywhere for steel plate It is even, and each point almost enters plasticity simultaneously, gives full play to material property, improves the utilization rate of material;X-shaped steel plate selects surrender The lower material of stress ratio is made, and has good energy-dissipating and shock-absorbing performance, hysteresis loop is full, and anti-fatigue ability is superior; Damper structure is simple, and it is convenient to replace after shake, damping clear mechanism, energy-dissipating and shock-absorbing significant effect.

3, due to the detachable connection method between each component of damper using fastener and connector, the present invention has just Prompt efficient installing and dismounting function according to different operating conditions, can adjust the deformation energy consumption of Wasted-energy steel plate by way of dismounting and change Performance;Meanwhile it also being capable of timely dismounting and change after fatigue rupture occurs for the component of damper.

4, according to the different shape structure of piston component, different box-type member and dissipative member is can be set in the present invention Quantity is selected according to the demand of different building structure, more adaptable.

Detailed description of the invention

In order to more clearly explain the embodiment of the invention or the technical proposal in the existing technology, to embodiment or will show below There is attached drawing needed in technical description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only this The embodiment of invention for those of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts, can also basis The attached drawing of offer obtains other attached drawings.

Fig. 1 is the main view of assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper provided by the invention;

Fig. 2 is the top view of dissipative member provided by the invention.

Wherein:

1- steel plate combination component;

11- flange plate;

12- web;

2- piston component;

3- box-type member;

4- bottom plate;

5- fastener;

The first high-strength bolt of 51-;

The first nut of 52-;

6- elastic component;

7- dissipative member;

71- connecting plate;

72- Wasted-energy steel plate;

73- connector;

The second high-strength bolt of 731-;

The second nut of 732-.

Specific embodiment

Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

Embodiment 1:

Referring to attached drawing 1 and attached drawing 2, the embodiment of the invention discloses a kind of assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper, packets It includes: steel plate combination component 1, piston component 2, box-type member 3, bottom plate 4, fastener 5, elastic component 6 and dissipative member 7;

Steel plate combination component 1 includes flange plate 11 and web 12;Two blocks of about 11 flange plates are arranged in parallel;Muti-piece web 12 It is fixed between two blocks of flange plates 11;

Piston component 2 is fixedly connected with the bottom surface center of the flange plate 11 of lower section;

Box-type member 3 is both ends open or closed box-structure, and multiple box-type members 3 are arranged around piston component 2;

Bottom plate 4 has just connect as common bottom plate and multiple box-type members 3, forms an entirety;

Fastener 5 fits through the top plate of two blocks of flange plates 11 and box-type member 3, and the both ends of fastener 5 fasten respectively On the inside of the top plate of 11 top surface of flange plate and box-type member 3 above;

Elastic component 6 is set on fastener 5, and is separately positioned on outside the flange plate 11 of lower section and the top plate of box-type member 3 Between wall and between the top plate inner wall of box-type member 3 and the bottom end of fastener 5, elastic component 6 is in elastic compression;

The quantity of dissipative member 7 be it is multiple, dissipative member 7 include connecting plate 71 and Wasted-energy steel plate 72;The panel of connecting plate 71 It is arranged in parallel with the side plate of piston component 2, and passes through multiple connectors 73 side plate with piston component 2 and box-type member 3 respectively It is fastenedly connected;Muti-piece Wasted-energy steel plate 72 is fixed between two pieces of connecting plates 71 in parallel;

Wasted-energy steel plate 72 is the X-type plate that both ends are wide, centre is narrow, and the surrender area of X-type plate is big, plasticity is evenly distributed, and is being consumed energy In the process, each point of Wasted-energy steel plate 72 enters plastic deformation simultaneously.

In order to further optimize the above technical scheme, the quantity of web 12 is two or more than two, and is separately fixed at Between two blocks of flange plates 11.

It in order to further optimize the above technical scheme, further include closed plate, closed plate is fixed on the opening of box-type member 3 End.

In order to further optimize the above technical scheme, piston component 2 is monolithic steel plate, box-type member 3 and dissipative member 7 Quantity is two, and box-type member 3 is located at the two sides of monolithic steel plate, and dissipative member 7 is located at monolithic steel plate and box Between component 3;

In order to further optimize the above technical scheme, fastener 5 includes the first high-strength bolt 51 and the first nut 52;First High-strength bolt 51 passes through the top surface of two blocks of flange plates 11 and box-type member 3;First nut 52 respectively with the first high-strength bolt 51 Both ends are threadedly coupled, and first nut 52 on top screws the top surface for withstanding on the flange plate 11 of top, the first nut 52 of bottom end Screw the bottom end for withstanding on elastic component 6.

In order to further optimize the above technical scheme, elastic component 6 is that disk spring or ring spring or shape memory close Golden spring.

In order to further optimize the above technical scheme, between the flange plate 11 of lower section and the top plate outer wall of box-type member 3 The quantity of elastic component 6 between the quantity of elastic component 6 and the top plate inner wall of box-type member 3 and the bottom end of fastener 5 is at least It is two.

In order to further optimize the above technical scheme, connector 73 includes the second high-strength bolt 731 and the second nut 732; Second high-strength bolt 731 is each passed through the side plate and another piece of connecting plate 71 and piston component of connecting plate 71 and box-type member 3 2, and be fastenedly connected by the second nut 732.

In order to further optimize the above technical scheme, the corner angle of Wasted-energy steel plate 72 are arc-shaped.

In order to further optimize the above technical scheme, Wasted-energy steel plate 72 is that Low Yield Point Steel or Q235 steel or shape memory close Golden plate.

The working principle of the present embodiment are as follows:

Assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper provided in this embodiment is mounted on frame, Frame-Shear Wall and coupling beam Across middle position, using X-type metal foil as Wasted-energy steel plate, under small shake or wind load, damper can provide certain rigidity, resists and becomes Shape, under big shake, 72 yield deformation of Wasted-energy steel plate of dissipative member 7 consumes the energy of a large amount of Seismic inputs for building;In earthquake After, elastic component 6, which provides stronger self-resetting capability, makes the basic Self-resetting of Wasted-energy steel plate 72, to realize damper Self-resetting function Can, it is substantially reduced the residual deformation of damper.Due to using the detachable of fastener 5 and connector 73 between each component of damper Connection type, the present invention have the function of the installing and dismounting of convenient and efficient, also can after fatigue rupture occurs for the component of damper Timely dismounting and change.

Embodiment 2:

The present embodiment difference from example 1 is that: piston component 2 be three blocks of steel plates composition triangle box knot The quantity of structure, box-type member 3 and dissipative member 7 is three, and box-type member 3 is located at the outside of three blocks of steel plates, and consume energy structure Part 7 is located between every block of steel plate and box-type member 3.

The other structures of the present embodiment are same as Example 1 with working principle, and details are not described herein.

Embodiment 3:

The present embodiment difference from example 1 is that: piston component 2 be four blocks of steel plates composition rectangular box knot The quantity of structure, box-type member 3 and dissipative member 7 is four, and box-type member 3 is located at the outside of four blocks of steel plates, and consume energy structure Part 7 is located between every block of steel plate and box-type member 3.

The other structures of the present embodiment are same as Example 1 with working principle, and details are not described herein.

Embodiment 4:

The present embodiment difference from example 1 is that: piston component 2 be five blocks of steel plates composition pentagon box knot The quantity of structure, box-type member 3 and dissipative member 7 is five, and box-type member 3 is located at the outside of five blocks of steel plates, and consume energy structure Part 7 is located between every block of steel plate and box-type member 3.

The other structures of the present embodiment are same as Example 1 with working principle, and details are not described herein.

Embodiment 5:

The present embodiment difference from example 1 is that: piston component 2 be six blocks of steel plates composition hexagon box knot The quantity of structure, box-type member 3 and dissipative member 7 is six, and box-type member 3 is located at the outside of six blocks of steel plates, and consume energy structure Part 7 is located between every block of steel plate and box-type member 3.

The other structures of the present embodiment are same as Example 1 with working principle, and details are not described herein.

Embodiment 6:

The present embodiment difference from example 1 is that: piston component 2 be with flange plate steel plate composition cross The quantity of intersection construction, box-type member 3 and dissipative member 7 is four, and box-type member 3 is located at the outside of flange plate, consumption Energy component 7 is located between every block of flange plate and box-type member 3.

The other structures of the present embodiment are same as Example 1 with working principle, and details are not described herein.

Each embodiment in this specification is described in a progressive manner, the highlights of each of the examples are with other The difference of embodiment, the same or similar parts in each embodiment may refer to each other.For device disclosed in embodiment For, since it is corresponded to the methods disclosed in the examples, so being described relatively simple, related place is said referring to method part It is bright.

The foregoing description of the disclosed embodiments enables those skilled in the art to implement or use the present invention. Various modifications to these embodiments will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, as defined herein General Principle can be realized in other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the present invention.Therefore, of the invention It is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein, and is to fit to and the principles and novel features disclosed herein phase one The widest scope of cause.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper characterized by comprising steel plate combination component (1), piston component (2), box-type member (3), bottom plate (4), fastener (5), elastic component (6) and dissipative member (7);
The steel plate combination component (1) includes flange plate (11) and web (12);Two pieces of flange plates (11) parallel cloth up and down It sets;Web described in muti-piece (12) is fixed between two pieces of flange plates (11);
The piston component (2) is fixedly connected with the bottom surface center of the flange plate (11) of lower section;
The box-type member (3) is both ends open or closed box-structure, and multiple box-type members (3) surround the piston Component (2) arrangement;
The bottom plate (4) has just connect as common bottom plate and multiple box-type members (3), forms an entirety;
The fastener (5) fits through the top plate of two pieces of flange plates (11) and the box-type member (3), and the fastening The both ends of part (5) are fastened on respectively on the inside of the flange plate (11) top surface of top and the top plate of the box-type member (3);
The elastic component (6) is set on the fastener (5), and is separately positioned on the flange plate (11) and described of lower section Between the top plate outer wall of box-type member (3) and the bottom end of the top plate inner wall of the box-type member (3) and the fastener (5) Between, the elastic component (6) is in elastic compression;
The quantity of the dissipative member (7) be it is multiple, the dissipative member (7) includes connecting plate (71) and Wasted-energy steel plate (72);Institute State connecting plate (71) panel and the piston component (2) side plate be arranged in parallel, and by multiple connectors (73) respectively with The side plate of the piston component (2) and the box-type member (3) is fastenedly connected;Wasted-energy steel plate described in muti-piece (72) is fixed on two in parallel Between connecting plate described in block (71);
The Wasted-energy steel plate (72) is the X-type plate that both ends are wide, centre is narrow, and the surrender area of the X-type plate is big, plasticity is evenly distributed, During energy consumption, each point of the Wasted-energy steel plate (72) enters plastic deformation simultaneously.
2. a kind of assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the web (12) quantity is two or more than two, and is separately fixed between two pieces of flange plates (11).
3. a kind of assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further include closing Plate, the closed plate are fixed on the open end of the box-type member (3).
4. a kind of assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the piston structure Part (2) is the box-structure of the fixed composition of edge head and the tail of monolithic steel plate or plurality of steel plates or the steel plate with flange plate The criss-cross construction of composition.
5. a kind of assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the fastener It (5) include the first high-strength bolt (51) and the first nut (52);First high-strength bolt (51) passes through two blocks of flange plates (11) and the top plate of the box-type member (3);First nut (52) both ends with first high-strength bolt (51) respectively It is threadedly coupled, and first nut (52) on top screws the top surface for withstanding on the flange plate (11) of top, the institute of bottom end It states the first nut (52) and screws the bottom end for withstanding on elastic component (6).
6. a kind of assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper according to claim 1 or 5, which is characterized in that the elasticity Part (6) is disk spring or ring spring or shape memory alloy spring.
7. a kind of assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper according to claim 6, which is characterized in that lower section it is described The quantity of elastic component (6) between flange plate (11) and the top plate outer wall of the box-type member (3) and the box-type member (3) quantity equal at least two of the elastic component (6) between the bottom end of top plate inner wall and the fastener (5).
8. a kind of assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the connector It (73) include the second high-strength bolt (731) and the second nut (732);Second high-strength bolt (731) is each passed through the company The side plate and another piece of connecting plate (71) and the piston component (2) of fishplate bar (71) and the box-type member (3), and It is fastenedly connected by second nut (732).
9. a kind of assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the Wasted-energy steel plate (72) corner angle are arc-shaped.
10. a kind of assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the Wasted-energy steel plate It (72) is Low Yield Point Steel or Q235 steel or marmem plate.
CN201910539095.7A 2019-06-20 2019-06-20 A kind of assembled Self-resetting X-type metal damper CN110206183A (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2008297720A (en) * 2007-05-29 2008-12-11 Nagoya Institute Of Technology Non-damage self-centering type base-isolation and seismic-control mechanism intended for steel bridge
CN202073031U (en) * 2011-05-03 2011-12-14 东南大学 Multi-dimensional damping separation lead-core rubber support
TW201202517A (en) * 2010-07-02 2012-01-16 Univ Nat Taiwan Self-centering energy dissipatiing support apparatus with double deformation capacity
CN103388361A (en) * 2012-05-09 2013-11-13 南京丹普科技工程有限公司 Splint-type metal energy dissipation damper
CN205776734U (en) * 2016-05-15 2016-12-07 吴从晓 A kind of assembly concrete connecting structure of beam column nodes
CN108951908A (en) * 2018-07-25 2018-12-07 西安建筑科技大学 It is a kind of with wave energy consumption column frame-shear-wall structure

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2008297720A (en) * 2007-05-29 2008-12-11 Nagoya Institute Of Technology Non-damage self-centering type base-isolation and seismic-control mechanism intended for steel bridge
TW201202517A (en) * 2010-07-02 2012-01-16 Univ Nat Taiwan Self-centering energy dissipatiing support apparatus with double deformation capacity
CN202073031U (en) * 2011-05-03 2011-12-14 东南大学 Multi-dimensional damping separation lead-core rubber support
CN103388361A (en) * 2012-05-09 2013-11-13 南京丹普科技工程有限公司 Splint-type metal energy dissipation damper
CN205776734U (en) * 2016-05-15 2016-12-07 吴从晓 A kind of assembly concrete connecting structure of beam column nodes
CN108951908A (en) * 2018-07-25 2018-12-07 西安建筑科技大学 It is a kind of with wave energy consumption column frame-shear-wall structure

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