CN110181651A - The loose tool and its application method of furnace lining for moulding by casting with radiator - Google Patents

The loose tool and its application method of furnace lining for moulding by casting with radiator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110181651A
CN110181651A CN201910504506.9A CN201910504506A CN110181651A CN 110181651 A CN110181651 A CN 110181651A CN 201910504506 A CN201910504506 A CN 201910504506A CN 110181651 A CN110181651 A CN 110181651A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
hole
steel
steel template
radiator
loose tool
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Granted
Application number
CN201910504506.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110181651B (en
Inventor
李余庆
蒋治中
谭宪胜
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Beijing Enji Saiwei Energy-Saving Technology Co Ltd
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Beijing Enji Saiwei Energy-Saving Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910504506.9A priority Critical patent/CN110181651B/en
Publication of CN110181651A publication Critical patent/CN110181651A/en
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Publication of CN110181651B publication Critical patent/CN110181651B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B1/00Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material
    • B28B1/008Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material made from two or more materials having different characteristics or properties
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B1/00Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material
    • B28B1/14Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material by simple casting, the material being neither forcibly fed nor positively compacted
    • B28B1/16Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material by simple casting, the material being neither forcibly fed nor positively compacted for producing layered articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B7/00Moulds; Cores; Mandrels
    • B28B7/0029Moulds or moulding surfaces not covered by B28B7/0058 - B28B7/36 and B28B7/40 - B28B7/465, e.g. moulds assembled from several parts

Abstract

The application provides the loose tool and its application method of a kind of furnace lining for moulding by casting with radiator, the loose tool includes: steel template, radiation mould and blind plate, the loose tool is in use, surface of second edge at the first edge and blind plate that radiate mould with steel template fits, leakage of the castable from the first edge or the second edge and the interface of steel template when reducing casting.When having the furnace lining of radiator using the loose tool moulding by casting, high coefficient of blackness proprietary material is poured to form radiator in radiator mould inside first, again in steel template surface casting high temperature ceramic material to form furnace lining, so that radiator and furnace lining are integrally formed, ultimately form the furnace lining with radiator, since radiator and furnace lining are integrally formed, in the use process of the furnace lining, radiator is not in the problem of falling off.

Description

The loose tool and its application method of furnace lining for moulding by casting with radiator
Technical field
This application involves heating furnace burner hearth technical field of structures, and in particular to a kind of to have radiator for moulding by casting The loose tool and its application method of furnace lining.
Background technique
In metallurgical industry, heating furnace is the equipment that material is heated to rolling or forging temperature.In order to which material is heated To rolling or forging temperature, it is generally the case that need to keep temperature in heating furnace in a certain range, the object that will need to heat Material is placed in heating furnace, is heated using the temperature in heating furnace to material.Heating furnace inboard wall of burner hearth is usually provided with furnace lining, furnace lining It is made of high temperature ceramic material.In order to improve the heat transfer efficiency of heating furnace, can on the furnace lining of furnace roof inner wall installation cavity Infrared radiation heat transfer body (abbreviation radiator), the radiator are made of high coefficient of blackness proprietary material, can absorb and project it The energy of any wavelength on surface, and the energy transmitting of absorption is come out, to increase the radiance on furnace lining surface.
The specific mounting means of the radiator can be found in scheme of installation shown in FIG. 1, carry out to 01 surface of furnace lining Polishing, after removing the loose face in surface, with 01 surface of compressed air purging furnace lining.Clean 01 surface unwrapping wire of furnace lining is being purged, And each radiator installation site is drawn, in each installation site central punch, with transition coating to 01 table of furnace lining after punching Face carries out spray profit, to increase the adhesive force on 01 surface of furnace lining, then injects high temperature clay 02 in hole, completes the standard on 01 surface of furnace lining Standby work.It is punched in 03 position of center line of radiator, then smears high temperature clay 02 in each 03 top outer wall of radiator, use screw 04 passes through in the hole of 03 top precession furnace lining of radiator, the 01 each installation site in surface, so that furnace lining is tightly attached on 03 top of radiator 01 surface, under the high temperature conditions, the high temperature clay 02 that 03 top outer wall of radiator is smeared play viscosity, so that 03 top of radiator Outer wall is cemented in 01 surface of furnace lining, completes the installation of radiator 03.
But using above-mentioned technology installation radiator 03 in use, due to heating furnace burner hearth internal temperature compared with Height, furnace lining 01 thermally expand under the high temperature conditions, and the screw 04 for fixing radiator is easy under the action of thermal expansion force Fracture and it is ineffective, in the case, the chemical bond power that high temperature clay 02 is only relied between radiator 03 and furnace lining 01 is solid It is fixed, and the chemical bond power of high temperature clay 02 is affected by environment in time and burner hearth, once the change of high temperature clay 02 It learns bond to weaken to a certain extent, then will lead to radiator 03 and fall off from 01 surface of furnace lining.
Summary of the invention
The application provides the loose tool and its application method of a kind of furnace lining for moulding by casting with radiator, to solve phase The problem of radiator of pass technology installation is easy to fall off.
The application's in a first aspect, provide a kind of loose tool of furnace lining for moulding by casting with radiator, comprising: steel Template, radiation mould and blind plate, wherein
The steel template is composed of multiple steel modular units, and each steel modular unit is cuboid Frame structure, the steel modular unit offer multiple through-holes, and the center line of the through-hole is each perpendicular to the steel template Place plane, wherein the through-hole includes first through hole and the second through-hole, and the first through hole is for installing the radiator mould Tool, second through-hole is for installing the blind plate, and the upper surface of the steel template is in addition to the position where the through-hole It is solid panel structure;
The radiation mould includes the first edge of open cavity with the opening for being set to the open cavity, First edge is for the radiation mould to be suspended at the first through hole, and the radiation mould is in the steel Projected area in template is greater than the area of the first through hole, and the height of the opening cavity is greater than the steel template Thickness;
The blind plate includes umbilicate type chassis and the second edge for being set to umbilicate type chassis edge, and second edge is used In the blind plate is suspended on second through hole, projected area of the blind plate in the steel template is greater than described the The area of two through-holes, the height on the umbilicate type chassis are less than the thickness of the steel template.
Optionally, the open cavity bottom end setting is fluted, and the groove is to the opening side of the open cavity To recess;
The minimum value of the distance between the open end of the inside grooves and the open cavity is less than the steel mould The thickness of plate.
Optionally, the shape of the open cavity is pyramid type, dome-type, polygon pyramid type, circular platform type, polygon terrace with edge One of type.
Optionally, the material of the radiation mould is polyethylene or polypropylene.
Optionally, the material of the blind plate is polyethylene or polypropylene.
Optionally, the steel modular unit includes steel disc and the stiffener plate for being fixedly connected on the steel disc bottom surface, institute The surrounding for stating steel disc is turned over downwards, and forms four vertical component effects perpendicular to the steel disc, the thickness of the stiffener plate with it is described The height of vertical component effect is consistent, and the stiffener plate and the inner surface of the vertical component effect fit.
Optionally, it is bolted between the vertical component effect that any two are in contact.
The second aspect of the application provides a kind of user of the loose tool of furnace lining for moulding by casting with radiator Method, the method are applied to the loose tool of any one possible implementation offer of the application first aspect, and the loose tool is applied to Inside heating furnace burner hearth, the heating furnace burner hearth is internally provided with suspended block, comprising:
Each steel modular unit is combined into steel template, and by the steel template erection in the heating furnace burner hearth Inside, so that forming casting cavity between the steel template and suspended block;
Determine the type for the through-hole that the steel template surface opens up, wherein steel template bottom end is needed into reserved location Through-hole as the second through-hole, the through-hole in addition to the second through-hole is as first through hole;
Radiation mould is installed on the first through hole, blind plate is installed on second through-hole;
High coefficient of blackness proprietary material is poured in the radiation mould;
After after the coefficient of blackness proprietary material all pours the radiation mould completely, in the casting cavity High temperature ceramic material is filled in portion, until suspended block is all buried in high temperature ceramic material;
After high temperature ceramic material solidification, the steel template and the radiation mould are removed.
From the above technical scheme, the application provide it is a kind of for moulding by casting with radiator furnace lining loose tool and Its application method, the loose tool include: that steel template, radiation mould and blind plate, the steel template offer multiple through-holes, The through-hole includes first through hole and the second through-hole;When the radiation mould is installed on the first through hole, the radiator First edge of mold fits with the steel template surface, when the blind plate is installed on second through-hole, the blind plate The second edge fit with the steel template surface, the upper surface of the steel template except the position where the through-hole with It is outside solid panel structure.Radiation mould, blind plate and steel template are used in conjunction with each other, and form loose tool, and the loose tool exists In use process, surface of second edge at the first edge and blind plate that radiate mould with steel template fits, and subtracts Leakage of the castable from the first edge or the second edge and the interface of steel template when being poured less.It is poured into using the loose tool When type has the furnace lining of radiator, first in the high coefficient of blackness proprietary material of radiator mould inside casting to form radiator, Again in steel template surface casting high temperature ceramic material to form furnace lining, so that radiator and furnace lining are integrally formed, most end form At the furnace lining for having radiator, since radiator and furnace lining are integrally formed, in the use process of the furnace lining, radiator will not go out The problem of now falling off.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to illustrate more clearly of the technical solution of the application, letter will be made to attached drawing needed in the embodiment below Singly introduce, it should be apparent that, for those of ordinary skills, without creative efforts, also Other drawings may be obtained according to these drawings without any creative labor.
Fig. 1 is the scheme of installation for the radiator that the prior art provides;
Fig. 2 is a kind of applied field of the loose tool of furnace lining for moulding by casting with radiator provided by the embodiments of the present application Scape schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is a kind of face view of the loose tool of furnace lining for moulding by casting with radiator provided by the embodiments of the present application Structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is the vertical view face structural schematic diagram of steel template provided by the embodiments of the present application;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of radiation mould provided by the embodiments of the present application;
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of blind plate provided by the embodiments of the present application;
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of the furnace lining provided by the embodiments of the present application with radiator;
Fig. 8 is the vertical view face structural schematic diagram of steel modular unit provided by the embodiments of the present application;
Fig. 9 is a kind of user of the loose tool of furnace lining for moulding by casting with radiator provided by the embodiments of the present application The process flow chart of method.
It illustrates: 01- furnace lining;02- high temperature clay;03- radiator;04- screw;1- steel template;2- radiator mould Tool;3- blind plate;4- furnace roof girder steel;5- suspended block;6- column;11- steel modular unit;12- through-hole;111- steel disc;112- reinforces Gusset;113- vertical component effect;121- first through hole;The second through-hole of 122-;21- opening cavity;The first edge 22-;31- umbilicate type Chassis;The second edge 32-;211- groove.
Specific embodiment
Technical solution in order to enable those skilled in the art to better understand the present invention, below in conjunction with of the invention real The attached drawing in example is applied, technical scheme in the embodiment of the invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described implementation Example is only a part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, this field is common Technical staff's every other embodiment obtained without making creative work, all should belong to protection of the present invention Range.
Fig. 2 is a kind of applied field of the loose tool of furnace lining for moulding by casting with radiator provided by the embodiments of the present application Scape schematic diagram, the loose tool are applied in heating furnace burner hearth, and heating furnace top is provided with furnace roof girder steel 4, and 4 bottom end of furnace roof girder steel is hung Suspended block 5 is hung with, molding bed rack is set to the lower section of the suspended block 5, is provided with column 6 below loose tool, the column 6 is used to support institute Loose tool is stated, the cavity formed between loose tool and suspended block 5 is for being poured castable.
Fig. 3 is a kind of face view of the loose tool of furnace lining for moulding by casting with radiator provided by the embodiments of the present application Structural schematic diagram, the loose tool include: steel template 1, radiation mould 2 and blind plate 3.
Steel template is the substrate of loose tool, after forming furnace lining using steel pouring template, furnace lining and heating furnace burner hearth bottom end Space be heating furnace heating space.Steel template is applied to inside heating furnace burner hearth, to adapt to different heating-furnace burner hearth ruler Very little, steel template 1 provided by the embodiments of the present application is composed of multiple steel modular units 11, each steel modular unit ruler Very little fixation determines the number of steel modular unit 11 according to the size of heating furnace burner hearth.
Fig. 4 is the vertical view face structural schematic diagram of steel template 1, and each steel modular unit 11 is cuboid framework knot Structure, frame structure can increase the rigidity of steel template.According to the requirement of furnace lining emissivity, determine that steel template surface needs The quantity for installing radiator determines that each steel modular unit needs to install radiation further according to the number of steel modular unit The quantity of body is based on this, opens up multiple through-holes 12 on 11 surface of steel modular unit, the center line of the through-hole 12 is each perpendicular to The 1 place plane of steel template.In addition, to improve the equal of the furnace lining surface caloradiance with radiator of moulding by casting Weighing apparatus property, opens up through-hole in steel template surface using matrix arrangement mode.
The embodiment of the present application is hung with radiation mould 2 in the position where the through-hole, and radiation mould 2 is for being poured Shaped radiation body.Due to the position for needing reserved dilatation joint to pass through inside heating furnace burner hearth, i.e. reserved location cannot install radiation Mould, in the case, the embodiment of the present application provide a kind of blind plate, are blocked the through-hole of reserved location using blind plate.Therefore, For the embodiment of the present application in multiple through-holes 12 that steel template surface opens up, most through-holes 12, will for installing radiation mould 2 Such through-hole 12 is used as first through hole 121, and another part through-hole 12 is used as second for installing blind plate 3, by such through-hole 12 The sum of quantity of through-hole 122, first through hole 121 and the second through-hole 122 is equal to through-hole 12 that 1 surface of steel template opens up Number.
The structural schematic diagram of radiation mould 2 provided by the embodiments of the present application is as shown in figure 5, the radiation mould 2 wraps It includes open cavity 21 and is set to the first edge 22 of the opening of the open cavity 21, first edge 22 is used for The radiation mould 2 is suspended at the first through hole 121.When the radiation mould 2 is hung in the steel template When surface, 1 surface of steel template is tightly attached at first edge 22, and the surrounding at the first edge 22 with the steel mould Plate surface fits.
In a kind of achievable mode, the outer surface of open cavity 21 is cylindrical structure, the radiation mould 2 Projected area in the steel template 1 is greater than the area of the first through hole 121, i.e. the first edge 22 can be completely covered 121 surface of first through hole, it is ensured that do not have gap between the first edge 22 and 1 surface of steel template.
Since steel template 1 provided by the embodiments of the present application is frame structure, i.e. steel template 1 has certain thickness, And be a key factor for improving furnace lining surface emissivity intensity using the area of the molding radiator of radiator die casting, because This, hangs when radiating mould 2 at steel 1 surface of template, it is desirable that radiation mould 2, which passes through the steel template 1 and reaches, to be added Heat space, that is, the height of the opening cavity 21 is greater than the thickness of the steel template 1.
The structural schematic diagram of blind plate 3 provided by the embodiments of the present application is as shown in fig. 6, the blind plate 3 includes umbilicate type chassis 31 and it is set to second edge 32 at 31 edge of umbilicate type chassis, second edge 32 is used to the blind plate 3 being suspended on institute It states at the second through-hole 122.To make the second edge 32 fit with 1 surface of steel template, the blind plate 3 is in the steel template 1 On projected area be greater than second through-hole 122 area.Due to the lower surface of the corresponding steel template in 3 position of blind plate For the position that reserved dilatation joint passes through, it is therefore desirable to which the height on the umbilicate type chassis 31 is less than the thickness of the steel template 1 Degree, wherein lower surface refers to surface of the steel template 1 towards heating furnace heating space.
In the embodiment of the present application, the upper surface of the steel template 1 is reality in addition to the position where the through-hole 12 Heart slab construction.Wherein, the upper surface with lower surface of steel template 1 are corresponding, refer to that the steel template 1 is set up in heating-furnace When inside thorax, the surface far from heating furnace heating space, heating furnace burner hearth is internally provided with suspended block, steel template 1 and suspended block it Between the space that is formed for being poured castable, the upper surface of steel template 1 be solid put down other than the position where through-hole 12 Hardened structure makes castable rest on steel template surface, and is unlikely to leak out, in addition, after casting castable, it may It needs to carry out ramming to castable, to obtain the more firm and biggish furnace lining of bulk density.
From the above technical scheme, the application provides a kind of loose tool of furnace lining for moulding by casting with radiator, The loose tool includes that radiation mould, blind plate and steel template, the loose tool in use, radiate the first side of mould Along and surface of second edge with steel template of blind plate fit, castable is from the first edge or second when reducing casting The leakage at edge and the interface of steel template.When having the furnace lining of radiator using the loose tool moulding by casting, first in spoke Beam mould inside is poured high coefficient of blackness proprietary material to form radiator, then is poured refractory ceramics in steel template surface Material, so that radiator and furnace lining are integrally formed, ultimately forms the furnace lining with radiator to form furnace lining, due to radiator with Furnace lining is integrally formed, and in the use process of the furnace lining, radiator is not in the problem of falling off.
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram for radiating mould 2, opening 21 bottom end of cavity setting fluted 211, described recessed Opening direction recess of the slot 211 to the open cavity 21.The purpose of open 21 bottom end of cavity setting groove 211 is will to increase The surface area of the surface area of large radiation body, radiator is bigger, stronger to the absorbability of wave, and radiation intensity is also bigger.This Shen Please 21 bottom end of opening cavity described in embodiment one groove 211 is set, the opening width of groove 211 and extend to open end Height pass through Infrared Physics theoretical calculation and obtain, according to the height for calculating the opening width and extension that determine groove 211, make The radiation intensity for obtaining radiator is optimal.Based on the height that the groove 211 being calculated extends to open end, can determine described recessed The minimum value of 211 inside of slot and the distance between the open end of the open cavity 21 is less than the thickness of the steel template.
Radiation mould 2 described in the embodiment of the present application is not limited by shape, it is preferred that the opening cavity 21 Shape is one of pyramid type, dome-type, polygon pyramid type, circular platform type, polygon prismoid shaped.
Optionally, the radiation mould is identical with the material of the blind plate, is polyethylene or polypropylene.Relative to steel Prepared material, polyethylene or polyacrylic feature be it is cheap, the processing is simple, can pass through the direct injection molding of mould, surface oil Moisten, keep demoulding easy, surface hardness is lower, after being put into steel template, edge can and punching block form sealing, to pouring When material feeding carries out ramming, the leakage of castable can be reduced.
When radiator and blind plate are installed on the steel template surface, the mode being directly placed into can be used, spiral shell can also be used Tether the mode connect.According to the mode being directly placed into, after casting complete, steel template is removed first, at this point, radiator The radiator of template and moulding by casting may be sticked together, since the position at radiator mould interface connects with furnace lining castable It when touching, may be softened, therefore, as long as radiation mould is rotated about its center axis, that is, may make radiator mold and radiation Body separation obtains the furnace lining with radiator, as shown in fig. 7, furnace lining so that radiation mould be removed after the completion of removing It is not in the problem of falling off with radiation body by integral forming.According to bolted mode, mould and steel template are radiated It is fixedly connected, radiation mould can be removed while removing steel template.
In addition, radiation mould steel material can also be used, using steel material formed loose tool do not influence radiator with Furnace lining casting is integrally formed.
For the difficulty for reducing demoulding, the embodiment of the present application is molded by according to the interior chamber size of radiation mould with polyvinyl chloride The inside loose tool can be put into radiation mould, castable is poured into inside this by the inside loose tool of 0.3mm thickness, when construction In loose tool, after solidification, which will be combined together with castable, so that between radiation mould and the inside loose tool not It can be sticked together, then can be easy to demould.It can be in heating furnace baker Shi Errong with the combined internal loose tool of castable Change or burns, the normal use without influencing radiator.
The vertical view face structural schematic diagram of steel modular unit 11 shown in Figure 8, the steel modular unit 11 include Steel disc 111 and the stiffener plate 112 for being fixedly connected on the steel disc bottom surface, the stiffener plate 112 are used to support the steel disc 111 weight and be unlikely to stay deformation, the surrounding of the steel disc 111 is turned over downwards, formed four perpendicular to the steel disc Vertical component effect 113, the thickness of the stiffener plate 112 is consistent with the height of the vertical component effect 113, the stiffener plate 112 and institute The inner surface for stating vertical component effect 113 fits.
In the embodiment of the present application, the thinner thickness of steel disc 111, therefore stiffener plate is fixedly connected in 111 bottom surface of steel disc 112, the thickness of steel template entirety can be increased, so that steel template is unlikely to when steel template surface is poured castable Stay deformation.Stiffener plate 112 can be linear type, or cross, the stiffener plate shown in Fig. 8 are cross, When concrete application, it can be designed according to different application scenarios, the application is not especially limited.Stiffener plate 112 is solid steel Plate can provide support force for steel disc.
In a kind of achievable mode, between the vertical component effect that any two are in contact between be bolted, So that multiple steel modular units are combined into steel template.
Fig. 9 is a kind of work of the application method of the loose tool of furnace lining for moulding by casting with radiator provided by the present application Skill flow chart, the method are applied to the loose tool that Fig. 2 is provided, and the loose tool is applied to inside heating furnace burner hearth, the heating furnace Burner hearth is internally provided with suspended block, comprising the following steps:
Step 101, each steel modular unit is combined into steel template, and the steel template erection is added in described Inside hot stove burner hearth, so that forming casting cavity between the rigid board mold and suspended block.
In the step, the column for being used to support the steel template is provided with below steel template, steel can be used in column Pipe or flitch, for example, using the crucial point of the steel pipe of φ 57mm or the flitch of 60 × 60mm between each through-hole by steel mould Plate firm supporting.
Step 102, the type for the through-hole that the steel template surface opens up is determined, wherein need steel template bottom end The through-hole of reserved location is as the second through-hole, and the through-hole in addition to the second through-hole is as first through hole.
Step 103, radiation mould is installed on the first through hole, blind plate is installed on second through-hole.
Step 104, high coefficient of blackness proprietary material is poured in the radiation mould.
In the step, high coefficient of blackness proprietary material with container by being sent to above steel template and being fallen one by one after stirring Enter to radiate in mould, until filling in each radiation mould afterwards.
Step 105, it after after all pouring the radiation mould completely after the coefficient of blackness proprietary material, is poured described It infuses cavity inside and fills high temperature ceramic material, until suspended block is all buried in high temperature ceramic material.
In the step, due to being poured high coefficient of blackness proprietary material in each radiation mould in step 104, Therefore, when being poured high temperature ceramic material, high temperature ceramic material can be covered on each irradiator surface, so that high temperature resistant is made pottery Ceramic material is in contact with high coefficient of blackness proprietary material, and after cured, furnace lining can be then integrally formed with radiator.It is being poured resistance to height During warm ceramic material, in casting with vibrating head ramming, to obtain stable structure and the higher furnace lining of bulk density.
Step 106, after to high temperature ceramic material solidification, the rigid board mold and the radiator mould are removed Tool.
After the bolt between the column and each steel modular unit of connection for supporting steel template removes, steel template meeting It is easily taken off very much, what is retained on furnace body is the furnace lining with radiation mould, as long as mould left-right rotary at this moment will be radiated Turn just dismountable, such a furnace lining with radiator then all completes.
The embodiment of the present application is built and is made of cavity infrared radiation heat transfer body by the synchronizing process constructed with furnace body Furnace lining can equally have the performed at present due blackness of installation radiator institute and swept area on furnace lining, not change spoke The characteristics of high radiant rate and antiradar reflectivity that beam has, reduces heat and is scattered and disappeared outward by furnace lining, to reduce energy consumption. Simultaneously because radiator is linked together with furnace lining, maintenance can be greatly reduced or even do not generate maintenance, when reducing blowing out operation Between, increase effective working.
The embodiment of the present application does not change original type of furnace, does not change original specification, does not change original furnace lining material, does not damage original There is the design parameter of furnace wall furnace roof, does not change the integrated poured construction technology of original furnace body, it, will be high when being only poured to radiator After coefficient of blackness proprietary material is put into radiation mould, furnace lining is carried out with high temperature ceramic material again in the upper surface of its material Casting.The embodiment of the present application eliminates the processes such as polishing, setting-out, punching, drift bolt and bonding on furnace lining, reduces cost, And the drilling process in traditional handicraft causes flying dust inside heating furnace burner hearth serious, the embodiment of the present application eliminates the works such as punching Sequence reduces the yield of dust, improves the construction environment in burner hearth.
The newly-built or overhaul of the embodiment of the present application combination heating furnace carries out casting and constructing to furnace body using radiation mould When directly pour and outpour the furnace lining with radiator, be not necessarily to secondary construction, secondary construction cost do not occur.It is red with cavity after construction The furnace lining of external radiation thermal conductor, which is likewise supplied with, improves furnace wall radiation intensity and energy, improves heat exchange efficiency, improves efficiency of combustion, mention The uniformity of blast furnace bore temperature improves the characteristics such as the inhomogeneities of workpiece surface caloradiance, achievees the effect that energy-saving.
Combine detailed description and exemplary example that the application is described in detail above, but these explanations are simultaneously It should not be understood as the limitation to the application.It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that without departing from the application spirit and scope, A variety of equivalent substitution, modification or improvements can be carried out to technical scheme and embodiments thereof, these each fall within the application In the range of.The protection scope of the application is determined by the appended claims.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of loose tool of the furnace lining for moulding by casting with radiator characterized by comprising steel template, radiator Mold and blind plate, wherein
The steel template is composed of multiple steel modular units, and each steel modular unit is cuboid framework Structure, the steel modular unit offer multiple through-holes, and the center line of the through-hole is each perpendicular to where the steel template Plane, wherein the through-hole includes first through hole and the second through-hole, and the first through hole is used to install the radiation mould, For installing the blind plate, the upper surface of the steel template is second through-hole in addition to the position where the through-hole Solid panel structure;
The radiation mould includes the first edge of open cavity with the opening for being set to the open cavity, described First edge is for the radiation mould to be suspended at the first through hole, and the radiation mould is in the steel template On projected area be greater than the first through hole area, it is described opening cavity height be greater than the steel template thickness Degree;
The blind plate includes umbilicate type chassis and the second edge for being set to umbilicate type chassis edge, and second edge is used for will The blind plate is suspended on second through hole, and it is logical that projected area of the blind plate in the steel template is greater than described second The area in hole, the height on the umbilicate type chassis are less than the thickness of the steel template.
2. loose tool according to claim 1, which is characterized in that opening cavity bottom end setting is fluted, described recessed Opening direction recess of the slot to the open cavity;
The minimum value of the distance between the open end of the inside grooves and the open cavity is less than the steel template Thickness.
3. loose tool according to claim 2, which is characterized in that it is described opening cavity shape be pyramid type, dome-type, One of polygon pyramid type, circular platform type, polygon prismoid shaped.
4. loose tool described in any one of claim 1 to 3, which is characterized in that the material of the radiation mould is poly- Ethylene or polypropylene.
5. loose tool according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the material of the blind plate is polyethylene or polypropylene.
6. loose tool according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the steel modular unit includes steel disc and is fixedly connected on The stiffener plate of the steel disc bottom surface, the surrounding of the steel disc are turned over downwards, and form four vertical component effects perpendicular to the steel disc, The thickness of the stiffener plate is consistent with the height of the vertical component effect, and the stiffener plate and the inner surface of the vertical component effect are affixed It closes.
7. loose tool according to claim 6, which is characterized in that pass through spiral shell between the vertical component effect that any two are in contact It tethers and connects.
8. a kind of application method of the loose tool of the furnace lining for moulding by casting with radiator, the method are applied to claim Loose tool described in any one of 1~7, the loose tool are applied to inside heating furnace burner hearth, and the heating furnace burner hearth is internally provided with Suspended block characterized by comprising
Each steel modular unit is combined into steel template, and by the steel template erection in the heating furnace burner hearth Portion, so that forming casting cavity between the steel template and suspended block;
Determine the type for the through-hole that the steel template surface opens up, wherein steel template bottom end is needed into the logical of reserved location Hole is as the second through-hole, and the through-hole in addition to the second through-hole is as first through hole;
Radiation mould is installed on the first through hole, blind plate is installed on second through-hole;
High coefficient of blackness proprietary material is poured in the radiation mould;
After after the coefficient of blackness proprietary material all pours the radiation mould completely, filled out in the casting cavity inside High temperature ceramic material is filled, until suspended block is all buried in high temperature ceramic material;
After high temperature ceramic material solidification, the steel template and the radiation mould are removed.
CN201910504506.9A 2019-06-12 2019-06-12 Moulding bed for casting furnace lining with radiator and using method thereof Active CN110181651B (en)

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