CN110103147B - Machine tool for machining aluminum alloy pipe and working method of machine tool - Google Patents

Machine tool for machining aluminum alloy pipe and working method of machine tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110103147B
CN110103147B CN201910553849.4A CN201910553849A CN110103147B CN 110103147 B CN110103147 B CN 110103147B CN 201910553849 A CN201910553849 A CN 201910553849A CN 110103147 B CN110103147 B CN 110103147B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
polishing
shovel
aluminum alloy
pipe
rail
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Application number
CN201910553849.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110103147A (en
Inventor
张海英
秦金英
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Ningbo Jingmu Aluminum Co.,Ltd.
Original Assignee
Dongguan Zhongming Precision Hardware Electronic Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN201910553849.4A priority Critical patent/CN110103147B/en
Publication of CN110103147A publication Critical patent/CN110103147A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23DPLANING; SLOTTING; SHEARING; BROACHING; SAWING; FILING; SCRAPING; LIKE OPERATIONS FOR WORKING METAL BY REMOVING MATERIAL, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23D79/00Methods, machines, or devices not covered elsewhere, for working metal by removal of material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B27/00Other grinding machines or devices
    • B24B27/0007Movable machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B27/00Other grinding machines or devices
    • B24B27/0076Other grinding machines or devices grinding machines comprising two or more grinding tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B27/00Other grinding machines or devices
    • B24B27/02Bench grinders
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B29/00Machines or devices for polishing surfaces on work by means of tools made of soft or flexible material with or without the application of solid or liquid polishing agents
    • B24B29/02Machines or devices for polishing surfaces on work by means of tools made of soft or flexible material with or without the application of solid or liquid polishing agents designed for particular workpieces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/06Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/02Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for performing a reciprocating movement of carriages or work- tables
    • B24B47/08Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for performing a reciprocating movement of carriages or work- tables by mechanical gearing combined with fluid systems
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B55/00Safety devices for grinding or polishing machines; Accessories fitted to grinding or polishing machines for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition
    • B24B55/06Dust extraction equipment on grinding or polishing machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B9/00Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor
    • B24B9/02Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor characterised by a special design with respect to properties of materials specific to articles to be ground
    • B24B9/04Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor characterised by a special design with respect to properties of materials specific to articles to be ground of metal, e.g. skate blades

Abstract

The invention discloses a machine tool for processing an aluminum alloy pipe, which can solve the problems that when the existing machine tool for processing the aluminum alloy pipe is used, not only is the whole processing process troublesome due to continuous manual matching of workers needed, but also scraps generated in the processing process are inconvenient to clean, especially in parts with more parts, such as butt joints between rails on the machine tool, and the existing machine tool only can cover one part or even only one surface when processing the aluminum alloy pipe in one step in the using process, so that the processing efficiency is low, the speed is low, and the processing effect is poor. Including operation panel, support, a plurality of evenly distributed's middle frame, a plurality of polishing track of being connected, shovel rail, the support is located the operation panel top, middle frame is located polishing track, shovel junction one side between the rail, just the collection box that is located on the operation panel is installed to polishing track, the junction opposite side between the shovel rail.

Description

Machine tool for machining aluminum alloy pipe and working method of machine tool
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of aluminum alloy pipe processing machines, in particular to a machine tool for processing an aluminum alloy pipe and a working method thereof.
Background
The aluminum alloy pipe needs to be ground, polished, deburred and other surface treatments in the machining process, and therefore a specific machine tool needs to be used, but the existing machine tool for machining the aluminum alloy pipe still has certain defects when in use, the whole machining process not only needs manual continuous matching for treatment and is troublesome, but also scraps generated in the machining process are inconvenient to clean, particularly in parts with more parts, such as butt joints between a rail and a track on the machine tool, and the existing machine tool only can cover one part or even only one surface when machining the aluminum alloy pipe in one step in the using process, so that the machining efficiency is low, the speed is low, and the machining effect is not good.
The patent with publication number CN107838806A discloses an intelligence lathe of polishing, this application compares with the reference, has the produced piece in convenient clearance course of working to once only can be more comprehensive to the scope that aluminium alloy tube processing covered, the treatment effect is higher, and the processing speed is also faster.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a machine tool for processing an aluminum alloy pipe and a working method thereof, which can solve the problems that when the existing machine tool for processing the aluminum alloy pipe is used, the whole processing process needs manual operation and continuous matching for processing, the operation is troublesome, scraps generated in the processing process are inconvenient to clean, particularly in parts with more parts, such as butt joints between rails on the machine tool, and the existing machine tool only can cover one part or even only one surface for processing the aluminum alloy pipe once in the using process, the processing efficiency is low, the speed is slow, and the processing effect is poor.
The purpose of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme:
a machine tool for processing aluminum alloy pipes comprises an operating table, a support, a plurality of uniformly distributed middle frames, a plurality of connected polishing rails and a plurality of connected shovel rails, wherein the support is positioned at the top of the operating table, the middle frames are positioned on one side of the joint between the polishing rails and the shovel rails, a collecting box positioned on the operating table is arranged on the other side of the joint between the polishing rails and the shovel rails, pipe grooves are formed in the middle parts of the polishing rails and the shovel rails, auxiliary rollers for auxiliary conveying are arranged at the joint between the polishing rails and the shovel rails, and the auxiliary rollers are connected with a driving motor positioned at the bottom of the middle frames;
the side wall of the bracket is provided with three top hydraulic pumps, the bottom ends of hydraulic telescopic rods of the three top hydraulic pumps are connected with a polishing frame, and the bottom of the polishing frame is provided with a polishing machine facing a polishing track;
a longitudinal air pump is mounted at the top of each middle frame, a longitudinal pneumatic telescopic rod is connected to the bottom of each longitudinal air pump, a transverse air pump is connected to the bottom of each longitudinal pneumatic telescopic rod, a transverse pneumatic telescopic rod is connected to the side wall of each transverse air pump, and one end of each transverse pneumatic telescopic rod is connected with a shovel;
dust suction pipes are arranged on two sides of the shovel, a suction nozzle is arranged at the bottom end of each dust suction pipe, a back plate is fixedly mounted on the back side of the shovel, the back plate is connected with a transverse pneumatic telescopic rod, a suction fan is mounted between the shovel and the back plate, and the suction fan is respectively connected with the two dust suction pipes through two guide pipes;
shovel rail one end is provided with double-deck brush, just shovel rail both sides top all installs the cover of polishing, two it all is provided with the bottom air pump that is located on the shovel rail to polish set bottom, the air telescopic link of bottom air pump is connected with the cover of polishing.
Preferably, the inner walls of the pipe grooves of the shovel rail and the polishing rail and the inner wall of the polishing sleeve are of a frosted structure.
Preferably, the polishing machine is movably connected with the support through a hydraulic telescopic rod of the top hydraulic pump, and the polishing machine is matched with the pipe groove.
Preferably, the shovel is transversely movably connected with the middle frame through a transverse pneumatic telescopic rod, and the shovel and the transverse air pump are longitudinally movably connected with the middle frame through a longitudinal pneumatic telescopic rod.
Preferably, the suction nozzle faces the middle part of the shovel, and a filter screen positioned in the dust suction pipe is arranged at the connecting part between the top end of the dust suction pipe and the guide pipe.
Preferably, the polishing sleeve is of an L-shaped structure and is movably connected with the shovel rail through a pneumatic telescopic rod of the bottom air pump.
Preferably, the pipe chase on the polishing track is the same as the pipe chase on the shovel rail in width, and the polishing track and the shovel rail are butted by the pipe chase of the polishing track and the shovel rail.
A working method of a machine tool for processing aluminum alloy pipes comprises the following specific steps:
the method comprises the following steps: firstly, placing an aluminum alloy pipe to be processed into a pipe groove of a polishing track, adjusting a polishing frame, driving the polishing frame to move downwards along a support by using a top hydraulic pump, so as to drive the bottom of a polishing machine to be close to the pipe groove of the polishing track and be in contact with the aluminum alloy pipe, pushing or driving the aluminum alloy pipe to move on the polishing track by using external drive, and polishing the aluminum alloy pipe by the polishing machine in the process of moving on the polishing track;
step two: then, the aluminum alloy pipe moves to the butt joint between the polishing track and the shovel track, the driving motor drives the auxiliary roller, the auxiliary roller is used for assisting the aluminum alloy pipe to move, the transverse air pump and the longitudinal air pump are started, the transverse air pump drives the transverse pneumatic telescopic rod to stretch, the longitudinal air pump drives the longitudinal pneumatic telescopic rod to stretch, so that the shovel moves to the pipe groove position of the shovel track and is attached to the outer wall of the top of the aluminum alloy pipe, the shovel is used for shoveling burrs and sticky objects on the outer wall of the aluminum alloy pipe completely, in the shoveling process, the suction fan is started, so that the burrs and the chippings under the shovel can be sucked into the dust absorption pipe by the suction nozzle, the chippings are remained in the dust absorption pipe, when the aluminum alloy pipe moves out from the lower part of the shovel, the transverse air pump drives the transverse pneumatic telescopic rod to stretch, the longitudinal air pump drives the longitudinal pneumatic telescopic rod to, at the moment, the suction fan is closed, so that the scraps directly fall into the collection box to be collected;
step three: aluminum alloy pipe is earlier scrubbed cleanly by double-deck brush after being handled by the shovel, starts two bottom air pumps again and will polish the cover and adjust to the parcel and paste the position in aluminum alloy pipe top, and the cover of polishing is polished aluminum alloy pipe both sides outer wall and corner, and red most, aluminum alloy pipe shifts out from the shovel rail, is polished by the tube seat in the in-process aluminum alloy bottom of whole removal simultaneously and is handled.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: due to the existence of the polishing frame connected with the top hydraulic pump, the polishing frame can be driven to move downwards along the bracket by the top hydraulic pump, the bottom of the polishing machine is driven to be close to the pipe groove of the polishing track and to be in contact with the aluminum alloy pipe, the aluminum alloy pipe is pushed or driven by external drive to move on the polishing track, and the aluminum alloy pipe is polished by the polishing machine in the process of moving on the polishing track;
because the auxiliary roller is arranged and driven by the driving motor to rotate, the auxiliary roller is utilized to assist the movement of the aluminum alloy pipe, and the interruption of the movement of the aluminum alloy pipe is avoided;
the shovel is connected with the transverse air pump and the longitudinal air pump, so that the transverse air pump can be used for driving the transverse pneumatic telescopic rod to stretch and retract, the longitudinal air pump can be used for driving the longitudinal pneumatic telescopic rod to stretch and retract, the shovel is moved to the position of the pipe groove of the shovel rail and attached to the outer wall of the top of the aluminum alloy pipe, and burrs and sticky objects on the outer wall of the aluminum alloy pipe are shoveled and removed completely by the shovel;
because the two sides of the shovel are both provided with the dust suction pipes, the bottom end of each dust suction pipe is provided with the suction nozzle, the suction fan is arranged between the shovel and the back plate and is respectively connected with the two dust suction pipes through the two guide pipes, the suction fan is started to enable burrs and scraps shoveled by the shovel to be sucked into the dust suction pipes by the suction nozzle, and the filter screen positioned in the dust suction pipes is arranged at the joint between the top end of each dust suction pipe and the guide pipes to enable the scraps to be detained in the dust suction pipes, when the aluminum alloy pipes are moved out from the lower part of the shovel, the transverse pneumatic telescopic rods are driven to stretch by the transverse air pump, the longitudinal pneumatic telescopic rods are driven to stretch by the longitudinal air pump to move the shovel to the upper part of the collection box, at the moment, the suction fan is closed, so that the scraps directly fall into the interior of the collection box to be collected, and, manual cleaning is not needed, so that the cleaning is more convenient;
because the double-layer hairbrush is arranged at one end of the shovel rail, the aluminum alloy pipe is firstly brushed and cleaned by the double-layer hairbrush after being processed by the shovel, and the polishing sleeve is of an L-shaped structure, so that the polishing sleeve can wrap two sides of the aluminum alloy pipe when the aluminum alloy pipe passes through, meanwhile, the polishing sleeve of the L-shaped structure can polish the outer walls of two sides and corners of the aluminum alloy pipe, and the bottom of the polishing sleeve is connected with the bottom air pump, so that the height of the polishing sleeve can be adjusted through the bottom air pump, the polishing sleeve can be suitable for polishing aluminum alloy pipes with different heights, the aluminum alloy pipe is fully polished on two sides and corners by the polishing sleeve after passing through the polishing sleeve, and the machining effect of the machine tool is better;
the lathe collects polishing, spatula burring, polishes as an organic wholely to can all handle the lateral wall and the turning of aluminum alloy pipe, the in-process aluminum alloy bottom of whole removal is polished by the tube seat simultaneously and is handled, thereby handles more comprehensively, and the treatment effect is better, and the processing speed is faster.
Drawings
In order to facilitate understanding for those skilled in the art, the present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a top view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a side view of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of the detail of area A in FIG. 1;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the shovel of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the back of the shovel of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is an enlarged view of a detail of area B of FIG. 1 in accordance with the present invention;
in the figure: 1. an operation table; 2. a support; 3. a polishing stand; 4. a middle frame; 5. a shovel; 6. a collection box; 7. polishing the rail; 8. shoveling a rail; 9. a top hydraulic pump; 10. polishing the machine; 11. a longitudinal air pump; 12. a longitudinal pneumatic telescopic rod; 13. a transverse air pump; 14. a transverse pneumatic telescopic rod; 15. an auxiliary roller; 16. a drive motor; 17. a dust collection pipe; 18. a suction nozzle; 19. a back plate; 20. a suction fan; 21. a conduit; 22. a pipe groove; 23. a bottom air pump; 24. polishing the sleeve; 25. double-layer brush.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the following embodiments, and it should be understood that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-7, a machine tool for processing aluminum alloy tubes comprises an operating table 1, a support 2, a plurality of uniformly distributed middle frames 4, a plurality of connected polishing rails 7 and shovel rails 8, wherein the support 2 is arranged at the top of the operating table 1, the middle frames 4 are arranged at one side of the joint between the polishing rails 7 and the shovel rails 8, a collecting box 6 arranged on the operating table 1 is arranged at the other side of the joint between the polishing rails 7 and the shovel rails 8, tube slots 22 are arranged in the middle of each of the polishing rails 7 and the shovel rails 8, auxiliary rollers 15 for auxiliary conveying are arranged at the joint between the polishing rails 7 and the shovel rails 8, and the auxiliary rollers 15 are connected with a driving motor 16 arranged at the bottom of the middle frames 4;
the side wall of the bracket 2 is provided with three top hydraulic pumps 9, the bottom ends of hydraulic telescopic rods of the three top hydraulic pumps 9 are connected with a polishing frame 3, and the bottom of the polishing frame 3 is provided with a polishing machine 10 facing the polishing track 7;
a longitudinal air pump 11 is mounted at the top of each middle frame 4, a longitudinal pneumatic telescopic rod 12 is connected to the bottom of each longitudinal air pump 11, a transverse air pump 13 is connected to the bottom of each longitudinal pneumatic telescopic rod 12, a transverse pneumatic telescopic rod 14 is connected to the side wall of each transverse air pump 13, and one end of each transverse pneumatic telescopic rod 14 is connected with the shovel 5;
dust suction pipes 17 are arranged on two sides of the shovel 5, a suction nozzle 18 is arranged at the bottom end of each dust suction pipe 17, a back plate 19 is fixedly installed on the back side of the shovel 5, the back plate 19 is connected with the transverse pneumatic telescopic rod 14, a suction fan 20 is installed between the shovel 5 and the back plate 19, and the suction fan 20 is respectively connected with the two dust suction pipes 17 through two guide pipes 21;
shovel rail 8 one end is provided with double-deck brush 25, and shovel rail 8 both sides top all installs the cover 24 of polishing, and two cover 24 bottoms of polishing all are provided with the bottom air pump 23 that is located on shovel rail 8, and the air telescopic link of bottom air pump 23 is connected with the cover 24 of polishing.
Shovel rail 8, polishing track 7's tube seat 22 inner wall and the cover 24 inner walls of polishing are dull polish structure for lateral wall, turning, the bottom homoenergetic of aluminum alloy tube are all can be polished and are handled, thereby handle more comprehensively, and the treatment effect is better.
Swing joint between burnishing machine 10 and support 2 through the hydraulic telescoping rod of top hydraulic pump 9, and burnishing machine 10 and tub 22 looks adaptation, the realization is down movable along support 2 with top hydraulic pump 9 drive polishing frame 3, the bottom that drives burnishing machine 10 is close to polishing track 7's tub 22 and contacts with the aluminum alloy pipe, promote or utilize external drive to drive the aluminum alloy pipe shift position on polishing track 7, the function that the in-process that the aluminum alloy pipe moved on polishing track 7 was polished by burnishing machine 10.
The shovel 5 is transversely movably connected with the middle frame 4 through the transverse pneumatic telescopic rod 14, the shovel 5 and the transverse air pump 13 are longitudinally movably connected with the middle frame 4 through the longitudinal pneumatic telescopic rod 12, so that the shovel 5 can transversely move under the driving of the transverse pneumatic telescopic rod 14 and longitudinally adjust the position under the driving of the longitudinal pneumatic telescopic rod 12, and can convey the scraps adsorbed by the dust suction pipes 17 on the two sides of the shovel 5 to the collection box 6.
The suction nozzle 18 faces the middle part of the shovel 5, and a filter screen positioned inside the dust suction pipe 17 is arranged at the joint between the top end of the dust suction pipe 17 and the guide pipe 21.
The cover 24 of polishing is L type structure, and polish between cover 24 and the shovel rail 8 swing joint through the air telescopic link of bottom air pump 23, make the cover 24 of polishing can wrap up the both sides of aluminum alloy tube when aluminum alloy tube process, the cover 24 of polishing of L type structure can polish to aluminum alloy tube both sides outer wall and corner simultaneously, and because it is connected with bottom air pump 23 to polish cover 24 bottom, make the height of the cover 24 of polishing can adjust through bottom air pump 23, thereby make the cover 24 of polishing can be applicable to polishing of multiple not co-altitude aluminum alloy tube, the aluminum alloy tube is polished its both sides and turning fully by the cover of polishing again after the cover 24 of polishing, thereby make the machining effect of lathe better.
The width of the pipe groove 22 on the polishing rail 7 is the same as that of the pipe groove 22 on the shovel rail 8, and the polishing rail 7 is butted with the shovel rail 8 through the pipe grooves 22 of the two.
A working method of a machine tool for processing aluminum alloy pipes comprises the following specific steps:
the method comprises the following steps: firstly, putting an aluminum alloy pipe to be processed into a pipe groove 22 of a polishing rail 7, adjusting a polishing frame 3, driving the polishing frame 3 to move downwards along a support 2 by using a top hydraulic pump 9, so as to drive the bottom of a polishing machine 10 to be close to the pipe groove 22 of the polishing rail 7 and to be in contact with the aluminum alloy pipe, pushing or driving the aluminum alloy pipe to move on the polishing rail 7 by using external drive, and polishing the aluminum alloy pipe by the polishing machine 10 in the process of moving on the polishing rail 7;
step two: then, the aluminum alloy pipe moves to the butt joint between the polishing track 7 and the shovel track 8, the driving motor 16 drives the auxiliary roller 15, the auxiliary roller 15 is used for assisting the aluminum alloy pipe to move, at the moment, the transverse air pump 13 and the longitudinal air pump 11 are started, the transverse air pump 13 drives the transverse air telescopic rod 14 to stretch, the longitudinal air pump 11 drives the longitudinal air telescopic rod 12 to stretch, the shovel 5 is moved to the pipe groove 22 of the shovel track 8 and is attached to the outer wall of the top of the aluminum alloy pipe, burrs and sticky objects on the outer wall of the aluminum alloy pipe are completely removed by the shovel 5, in the removing process, the suction fan 20 is started, so that the burrs and the chippings which are scraped by the shovel 5 can be sucked into the dust suction pipe 17 by the suction nozzle 18, the chippings are retained inside the dust suction pipe 17, when the aluminum alloy pipe moves out from the lower side of the shovel 5, the transverse air pump 13 drives the transverse air telescopic rod 14 to stretch, and the longitudinal air pump 11 drives the longitudinal air telescopic rod At this point, the suction fan 20 is closed, so that the debris falls directly inside the collection box 6 to be collected;
step three: aluminum alloy pipe is earlier scrubbed cleanly by double-deck brush 25 after being handled by shovel 5, starts two bottom air pumps 23 again and will polish cover 24 and adjust to the parcel and paste the position in the aluminum alloy pipe top, and it polishes to aluminum alloy pipe both sides outer wall and corner to polish cover 24, and red most, aluminum alloy pipe shifts out from shovel rail 8, is polished by tube seat 22 in the in-process aluminum alloy bottom of whole removal simultaneously.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: due to the existence of the polishing frame 3 connected with the top hydraulic pump 9, the polishing frame 3 can be driven to move downwards along the bracket 2 by the top hydraulic pump 9, the bottom of the polishing machine 10 is driven to be close to the pipe groove 22 of the polishing rail 7 and to be in contact with the aluminum alloy pipe, the aluminum alloy pipe is pushed or driven by external drive to move on the polishing rail 7, and the aluminum alloy pipe is polished by the polishing machine 10 in the process of moving on the polishing rail 7;
due to the existence of the auxiliary roller 15 and the rotation of the auxiliary roller 15 driven by the driving motor 16, the auxiliary roller 15 is utilized to assist the movement of the aluminum alloy pipe, and the interruption of the movement of the aluminum alloy pipe is avoided;
the shovel 5 is connected with the transverse air pump 13 and the longitudinal air pump 11, so that the transverse air pump 13 can be used for driving the transverse pneumatic telescopic rod 14 to stretch and contract, the longitudinal air pump 11 is used for driving the longitudinal pneumatic telescopic rod 12 to stretch and contract, the shovel 5 is moved to the position of the pipe groove 22 of the shovel rail 8 and is attached to the outer wall of the top of the aluminum alloy pipe, and burrs and sticky objects on the outer wall of the aluminum alloy pipe are completely removed by the shovel 5;
because the two sides of the shovel 5 are provided with the dust suction pipes 17, the bottom end of each dust suction pipe 17 is provided with the suction nozzle 18, the suction fan 20 is installed between the shovel 5 and the back plate 19, the suction fan 20 is respectively connected with the two dust suction pipes 17 through the two guide pipes 21, the suction fan 20 is started, so that burrs and fragments shoveled by the shovel 5 can be sucked into the dust suction pipes 17 through the suction nozzles 18, the filter screen positioned inside the dust suction pipes 17 is installed at the connecting position between the top end of each dust suction pipe 17 and the guide pipes 21, so that the fragments are detained inside the dust suction pipes 17, when the aluminum alloy pipe is moved out from the lower side of the shovel 5, the transverse air pump 13 is used for driving the transverse air telescopic rod 14 to stretch, the longitudinal air pump 11 is used for driving the longitudinal air telescopic rod 12 to stretch so as to move the shovel 5 to the upper side of the collection box 6, at the moment, the suction fan 20 is closed, so that the fragments directly fall into the collection The automatic cleaning is realized, and manual cleaning is not needed, so that the cleaning is more convenient;
because the double-layer brush 25 is arranged at one end of the shovel rail 8, the aluminum alloy pipe is firstly scrubbed and cleaned by the double-layer brush 25 after being processed by the shovel 5, and the polishing sleeve 24 is of an L-shaped structure, so that the polishing sleeve 24 can wrap two sides of the aluminum alloy pipe when the aluminum alloy pipe passes through, meanwhile, the polishing sleeve 24 of the L-shaped structure can polish the outer walls of two sides and corners of the aluminum alloy pipe, and the bottom of the polishing sleeve 24 is connected with the bottom air pump 23, so that the height of the polishing sleeve 24 can be adjusted through the bottom air pump 23, the polishing sleeve 24 can be suitable for polishing aluminum alloy pipes with different heights, the aluminum alloy pipe is fully polished on two sides and corners by the polishing sleeve after passing through the polishing sleeve 24, and the machining effect of the machine tool is better;
the lathe collects polishing, spatula burring, polishes as an organic wholely to can all handle the lateral wall and the turning of aluminum alloy pipe, the in-process aluminum alloy bottom of whole removal is polished by tube seat 22 simultaneously and is handled, thereby handles more comprehensively, and the treatment effect is better, and the processing speed is faster.
When the polishing machine is used, firstly, the whole machine tool is assembled, three polishing rails 7 and three shovel rails 8 are fixedly installed on an operation table 1, the polishing rails 7 and the shovel rails 8 are in butt joint, an auxiliary roller 15 is installed at the butt joint position between the polishing rails 7 and the shovel rails 8, then, an intermediate frame 4 is installed on one side of the butt joint position between each polishing rail 7 and each shovel rail 8, a collecting box 6 is installed on the other side of the butt joint position, a support 2 is fixedly installed above the three polishing rails 7, three polishing frames 3 connected through a top hydraulic pump 9 are installed on the support 2, a polishing machine 10 at the bottom of each polishing frame 3 faces the polishing rails 7, and the polishing machine can be put into use after the assembly is completed. Firstly, putting an aluminum alloy tube to be processed into a tube groove 22 of a polishing track 7, adjusting a polishing frame 3, driving the polishing frame 3 to move downwards along a support 2 by using a top hydraulic pump 9, so as to drive the bottom of a polishing machine 10 to be close to the tube groove 22 of the polishing track 7 and be contacted with the aluminum alloy tube, pushing or driving the aluminum alloy tube to move on the polishing track 7 by using an external drive, polishing the aluminum alloy tube by the polishing machine 10 in the process of moving on the polishing track 7, then moving the aluminum alloy tube to the butt joint between the polishing track 7 and a shovel track 8, and driving the auxiliary rollers 15 to rotate by using a driving motor 16 due to the existence of the auxiliary rollers 15, so as to avoid the interruption of the movement of the aluminum alloy tube by using the auxiliary rollers 15, starting a transverse air pump 13 and a longitudinal air pump 11, and driving a transverse pneumatic telescopic rod 14 to stretch and stretch by using the transverse air pump 13, Utilize vertical air pump 11 to drive vertical air telescopic rod 12 and stretch out and draw back to remove shovel 5 to the tube seat 22 position of shovel rail 8 and paste on the top outer wall of aluminum alloy tube, utilize shovel 5 to remove burr, the glutinous thing of gluing on the aluminum alloy tube outer wall totally, and because all be provided with dust absorption pipe 17 in shovel 5 both sides, dust absorption pipe 17 bottom is provided with suction nozzle 18, install suction fan 20 between shovel 5 and backplate 19, suction fan 20 is connected with two dust absorption pipes 17 respectively through two pipes 21, start suction fan 20, make burr, the piece that shovel 5 shoveled down can be inhaled inside dust absorption pipe 17 by suction nozzle 18, and because install the filter screen that is located dust absorption pipe 17 inside at the junction between dust absorption pipe 17 top and pipe 21, make the piece detain inside dust absorption pipe 17, when the aluminum alloy tube shifts out from shovel 5 below, utilize horizontal air pump 13 to drive horizontal air telescopic rod 14 to stretch out and draw back, thereby, The longitudinal air pump 11 is used for driving the longitudinal pneumatic telescopic rod 12 to stretch and retract so as to move the shovel 5 to the position above the collecting box 6, at the moment, the suction fan 20 is closed, so that the scraps directly fall into the collecting box 6 to be collected, and the scraps generated at the position where the butt joint between the polishing track 7 and the shovel track 8 is inconvenient to clean can be automatically cleaned without manual cleaning, and the convenience is improved; because the double-layer brush 25 is arranged at one end of the shovel rail 8, the aluminum alloy pipe is firstly scrubbed and cleaned by the double-layer brush 25 after being processed by the shovel 5 and then moves to the lower part of the two polishing sleeves 24, the polishing sleeves 24 are L-shaped structures, the polishing sleeves 24 can wrap the two sides of the aluminum alloy pipe when the aluminum alloy pipe passes through, meanwhile, the polishing sleeves 24 with the L-shaped structures can polish the outer walls of the two sides and the corners of the aluminum alloy pipe, and the bottom air pump 23 is connected to the bottom of the polishing sleeves 24, so that the height of the polishing sleeves 24 can be adjusted through the bottom air pump 23, the polishing sleeves 24 can be suitable for polishing the aluminum alloy pipe with different heights, the aluminum alloy pipe is fully polished on the two sides and the corners by the polishing sleeves after passing through the polishing sleeves 24, the machining effect of the machine tool is better, and the machine tool integrates polishing, scraping and deburring, and can all handle lateral wall and turning of aluminum alloy pipe to handle more comprehensively, the treatment effect is better, and the processing speed is faster.
The preferred embodiments of the invention disclosed above are intended to be illustrative only. The preferred embodiments are not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise forms disclosed. Obviously, many modifications and variations are possible in light of the above teaching. The embodiments were chosen and described in order to best explain the principles of the invention and the practical application, to thereby enable others skilled in the art to best utilize the invention. The invention is limited only by the claims and their full scope and equivalents.

Claims (8)

1. A machine tool for processing aluminum alloy pipes comprises an operating table (1), a bracket (2), a plurality of uniformly distributed middle frames (4), a plurality of connected polishing rails (7) and a shovel rail (8), characterized in that the bracket (2) is positioned at the top of the operating platform (1), the middle frame (4) is positioned at one side of the connection part between the polishing track (7) and the shovel track (8), and the other side of the joint between the polishing track (7) and the shovel track (8) is provided with a collecting box (6) positioned on the operating platform (1), the middle parts of the polishing rail (7) and the shovel rail (8) are respectively provided with a pipe groove (22), an auxiliary roller (15) for auxiliary conveying is arranged at the joint between the polishing track (7) and the shovel track (8), the auxiliary roller (15) is connected with a driving motor (16) positioned at the bottom of the middle frame (4);
the side wall of the bracket (2) is provided with three top hydraulic pumps (9), the bottom ends of hydraulic telescopic rods of the three top hydraulic pumps (9) are connected with a polishing rack (3), and the bottom of the polishing rack (3) is provided with a polishing machine (10) facing a polishing track (7);
a longitudinal air pump (11) is mounted at the top of each middle frame (4), a longitudinal pneumatic telescopic rod (12) is connected to the bottom of each longitudinal air pump (11), a transverse air pump (13) is connected to the bottom of each longitudinal pneumatic telescopic rod (12), a transverse pneumatic telescopic rod (14) is connected to the side wall of each transverse air pump (13), and one end of each transverse pneumatic telescopic rod (14) is connected with a shovel (5);
dust suction pipes (17) are arranged on two sides of the shovel (5), a suction nozzle (18) is arranged at the bottom end of each dust suction pipe (17), a back plate (19) is fixedly mounted on the back side of the shovel (5), the back plate (19) is connected with a transverse pneumatic telescopic rod (14), a suction fan (20) is mounted between the shovel (5) and the back plate (19), and the suction fan (20) is connected with the two dust suction pipes (17) through two guide pipes (21);
shovel rail (8) one end is provided with double-deck brush (25), just shovel rail (8) both sides top all installs and polishes cover (24), two it all is provided with bottom air pump (23) that are located on shovel rail (8) to polish cover (24) bottom, the air telescopic link of bottom air pump (23) is connected with cover (24) of polishing.
2. The machine tool for processing the aluminum alloy pipe as recited in claim 1, wherein the inner walls of the pipe groove (22) of the shovel rail (8), the polishing rail (7) and the polishing sleeve (24) are all of a frosted structure.
3. The machine tool for processing the aluminum alloy pipe as recited in claim 1, wherein the polishing machine (10) is movably connected with the support (2) through a hydraulic telescopic rod of the top hydraulic pump (9), and the polishing machine (10) is matched with the pipe groove (22).
4. The machine tool for processing the aluminum alloy pipes as recited in claim 1, wherein the shovel (5) is movably connected with the middle frame (4) in a transverse direction through a transverse pneumatic telescopic rod (14), and the shovel (5) and the transverse air pump (13) are movably connected with the middle frame (4) in a longitudinal direction through a longitudinal pneumatic telescopic rod (12).
5. The machine tool for processing the aluminum alloy pipe as recited in claim 1, wherein the suction nozzle (18) faces to the middle of the shovel (5), and a filter screen positioned inside the dust suction pipe (17) is installed at the joint between the top end of the dust suction pipe (17) and the guide pipe (21).
6. The machine tool for processing the aluminum alloy pipe as recited in claim 1, wherein the grinding sleeve (24) is of an L-shaped structure, and the grinding sleeve (24) is movably connected with the shovel rail (8) through a pneumatic telescopic rod of a bottom air pump (23).
7. The machine tool for processing the aluminum alloy pipe as recited in claim 1, wherein the pipe groove (22) on the polishing rail (7) and the pipe groove (22) on the shovel rail (8) have the same width, and the polishing rail (7) and the shovel rail (8) are butted by means of the pipe grooves (22) of the polishing rail and the shovel rail.
8. An operating method for a machine tool for processing aluminum alloy pipes according to any one of claims 6 to 7, characterized by comprising the following specific steps:
the method comprises the following steps: firstly, putting an aluminum alloy pipe to be processed into a pipe groove (22) of a polishing track (7), adjusting a polishing frame (3), driving the polishing frame (3) to move downwards along a support (2) by using a top hydraulic pump (9), so as to drive the bottom of a polishing machine (10) to be close to the pipe groove (22) of the polishing track (7) and be in contact with the aluminum alloy pipe, pushing or driving the aluminum alloy pipe to move on the polishing track (7) by using external drive, and polishing the aluminum alloy pipe by the polishing machine (10) in the process of moving on the polishing track (7);
step two: then, the aluminum alloy pipe moves to the butt joint between the polishing track (7) and the shovel track (8), the auxiliary roller (15) is driven by the driving motor (16), the auxiliary roller (15) is used for assisting the aluminum alloy pipe to move, at the moment, the transverse air pump (13) and the longitudinal air pump (11) are started, the transverse air pump (13) is used for driving the transverse pneumatic telescopic rod (14) to stretch, the longitudinal air pump (11) is used for driving the longitudinal pneumatic telescopic rod (12) to stretch, the shovel (5) is moved to the pipe groove (22) of the shovel track (8) and is attached to the outer wall of the top of the aluminum alloy pipe, burrs and sticky objects on the outer wall of the aluminum alloy pipe are shoveled and removed completely by the shovel (5), in the shoveling process, the suction fan (20) is started, so that burrs and chippings shoveled by the shovel (5) can be sucked into the dust absorption pipe (17) by the suction nozzle (18), and the chippings are retained, when the aluminum alloy pipe is moved out from the lower part of the shovel (5), the transverse air pump (13) is used for driving the transverse pneumatic telescopic rod (14) to stretch and retract, the longitudinal air pump (11) is used for driving the longitudinal pneumatic telescopic rod (12) to stretch and retract so that the shovel (5) is moved to the upper part of the collecting box (6), and at the moment, the suction fan (20) is closed, so that the scraps directly fall into the collecting box (6) to be collected;
step three: aluminum alloy pipe is earlier scrubbed the cleanness by double-deck brush (25) after being handled by shovel (5), starts two bottom air pumps (23) again and will polish cover (24) and adjust to the parcel and paste the position in aluminum alloy pipe top, and cover (24) of polishing are polished aluminum alloy pipe both sides outer wall and corner, and red the most, aluminum alloy pipe shifts out from shovel rail (8), is polished by chase (22) in the in-process aluminum alloy bottom of whole removal simultaneously.
CN201910553849.4A 2019-06-25 2019-06-25 Machine tool for machining aluminum alloy pipe and working method of machine tool Active CN110103147B (en)

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CN108714831B (en) * 2018-06-06 2020-06-05 佛山市汇伟智科技有限公司 Grinding device is used in hardware processing
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Effective date of registration: 20201230

Address after: 315800 2nd floor, No.1, building 3, No.8, Nenjiang Road, Xinqi, Beilun District, Ningbo City, Zhejiang Province

Patentee after: Ningbo Jingmu Aluminum Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 523000 workshop, No.4 Chuangye Road, Dapu District, Shangsha community, Chang'an Town, Dongguan City, Guangdong Province

Patentee before: DONGGUAN ZHONGMING PRECISION HARDWARE ELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.