CN110017651A - A kind of refrigerator with automatically openable door and automatic door opening method - Google Patents

A kind of refrigerator with automatically openable door and automatic door opening method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110017651A
CN110017651A CN201910267142.7A CN201910267142A CN110017651A CN 110017651 A CN110017651 A CN 110017651A CN 201910267142 A CN201910267142 A CN 201910267142A CN 110017651 A CN110017651 A CN 110017651A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotation
refrigerator
refrigerator doors
rotating
state
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910267142.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
薛少卿
高平
肖剑
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Anhui Konka Tongchuang Household Appliances Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Anhui Konka Tongchuang Household Appliances Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Anhui Konka Tongchuang Household Appliances Co Ltd filed Critical Anhui Konka Tongchuang Household Appliances Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910267142.7A priority Critical patent/CN110017651A/en
Publication of CN110017651A publication Critical patent/CN110017651A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F25D23/00General constructional features
    • F25D23/02Doors; Covers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F25D29/00Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices
    • F25D29/003Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices for movable devices
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F25D29/00Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices
    • F25D29/005Mounting of control devices

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of refrigerator with automatically openable door and automatic door opening methods, the refrigerator with automatically openable door includes: refrigerator body, and the rotating mechanism for controlling refrigerator doors rotation, the testing agency for detecting refrigerator doors state in which and the controller for controlling the rotating mechanism rotation are provided in the refrigerator body;The controller receives the detection information that the testing agency sends, and controls the rotating mechanism according to the detection information and rotate, so that automatic switch refrigerator doors.The present invention controls rotating mechanism work according to refrigerator doors state in which by controller and, to realize the automatic switch of refrigerator, is brought convenience to the use of user with driving refrigerator doors to rotate automatically by rotating mechanism.

Description

A kind of refrigerator with automatically openable door and automatic door opening method
Technical field
The present invention relates to refrigerator art, in particular to a kind of refrigerator with automatically openable door and automatic door opening method.
Background technique
As refrigerator is intelligentized universal, intelligence, which is opened the door, has become a kind of trend of user-interaction experience, works as user hand In when hold food or plate, automatic door opening is carried out by the perception of voice or foot, both hands can be liberated, it is convenient User accesses food materials.But in actual use, often there is the problem of colliding user in automatic switch refrigerator doors, this is to user's Using making troubles.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is that in view of the deficiencies of the prior art, provide a kind of refrigerator with automatically openable door with And automatic door opening method.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of refrigerator with automatically openable door comprising: refrigerator body is provided in the refrigerator body for controlling refrigerator doors rotation Rotating mechanism, the testing agency for detecting refrigerator doors state in which and the control for controlling the rotating mechanism rotation Device;The controller receives the detection information that the testing agency sends, and controls the whirler according to the detection information Structure rotation, so that automatic switch refrigerator doors.
The refrigerator with automatically openable door, wherein the testing agency includes direction sensor, and the direction sensor is for adopting With the first rotation direction of refrigerator doors, and first rotation direction is sent to controller, so that controller control rotation Mechanism is rotated according to first rotation direction.
The refrigerator with automatically openable door, wherein the testing agency includes position sensor, and the position sensor is for examining Refrigerator doors present position information is surveyed, and the location information is sent to controller, so that controller is believed according to the position Breath controls the rotating mechanism on/off.
The refrigerator with automatically openable door, wherein the testing agency further includes ultrasonic sensor, the ultrasonic sensor For detecting the obstacle information in preset range, and the obstacle information that will test is sent to controller, so that control Device controls the rotating mechanism on/off according to the positional information.
A kind of refrigerator automatic door opening method comprising:
When receiving the control instruction of switch gate, the first rotation direction of refrigerator doors is obtained;
The direction of rotation of rotating mechanism is determined according to first rotation direction, and controls rotating mechanism according to the direction of rotation Rotation, to control refrigerator doors automatic opening/closing.
The refrigerator automatic door opening method, wherein it is described when receiving the control instruction of switch gate, obtain refrigerator doors First rotation direction specifically includes:
When receiving the control instruction of switch gate, the instruction type of the control instruction is judged, wherein instruction type includes opening Door instruction and instruction of closing the door;
When the control is door open command, refrigerator doors state in which is obtained, wherein the state includes closed state and opens Open state;
When the state is closed state, start ejecting mechanism to open the refrigerator doors by the ejecting mechanism, and Obtain the first rotation direction of the refrigerator doors.
The refrigerator automatic door opening method, wherein the rotation that rotating mechanism is determined according to first rotation direction Direction, and control rotating mechanism and rotated according to the direction of rotation, it is specifically included with controlling refrigerator doors automatic opening/closing:
The direction of rotation of rotating mechanism is determined according to first rotation direction, and obtains the barrier letter of preset range in real time Breath;
When not checking obstacle information, control rotating mechanism is rotated according to the direction of rotation, automatic to control refrigerator doors Unlatching/closing.
The refrigerator automatic door opening method, wherein the rotation that rotating mechanism is determined according to first rotation direction Direction, and control rotating mechanism and rotated according to the direction of rotation, to control refrigerator doors automatic opening/closing further include:
When checking obstacle information, control rotating mechanism stops operating.
The refrigerator automatic door opening method, wherein described when checking obstacle information, control rotating mechanism stops turning After dynamic further include:
Monitor whether refrigerator doors receive external force;
When refrigerator doors receive external force, the enabling mode of refrigerator is converted into the mode of opening Door by Hand, and the refrigerator doors root It is rotated according to the external force.
The refrigerator automatic door opening method, wherein described when checking obstacle information, control rotating mechanism stops turning After dynamic further include:
Check the state of refrigerator doors, wherein state includes stationary state and rotary state;
When refrigerator doors are in rotary state, the 2nd rotation direction of refrigerator doors is obtained, and controls rotating mechanism according to described The rotation of second rotation direction.
The utility model has the advantages that compared with prior art, the present invention provides a kind of refrigerator with automatically openable door and automatic door opening method, The refrigerator with automatically openable door includes: refrigerator body, and the whirler for controlling refrigerator doors rotation is provided in the refrigerator body Structure, the testing agency for detecting refrigerator doors state in which and the controller for controlling the rotating mechanism rotation;Institute It states controller and receives the detection information that the testing agency sends, and the rotating mechanism is controlled according to the detection information and is revolved Turn, so that automatic switch refrigerator doors.The present invention controls rotating mechanism work according to refrigerator doors state in which by controller, To drive refrigerator doors to rotate automatically by rotating mechanism, so that the automatic switch of refrigerator is realized, to the use side of bringing of user Just.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structure principle chart of refrigerator with automatically openable door provided by the invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of refrigerator with automatically openable door provided by the invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of rotating mechanism in refrigerator with automatically openable door provided by the invention.
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of rotational structure in rotating mechanism provided by the invention.
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of sliding mechanism in rotating mechanism provided by the invention.
Fig. 6 is the explosive view of sliding mechanism in rotating mechanism provided by the invention.
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of skidding seat in rotating mechanism provided by the invention.
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of passing spool in rotating mechanism provided by the invention.
Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of rotating mechanism bottom bracket axle provided by the invention.
Figure 10 is the partial structural diagram of lower case in rotating mechanism provided by the invention.
Figure 11 is the flow chart of refrigerator automatic door opening method provided by the invention.
Specific embodiment
The present invention provides a kind of refrigerator with automatically openable door and automatic door opening method, to make the purpose of the present invention, technical solution And effect is clearer, clear, the present invention is described in more detail as follows in conjunction with drawings and embodiments.It should be appreciated that this Place is described, and specific examples are only used to explain the present invention, is not intended to limit the present invention.
Those skilled in the art of the present technique are appreciated that unless expressly stated, singular " one " used herein, " one It is a ", " described " and "the" may also comprise plural form.It is to be further understood that being arranged used in specification of the invention Diction " comprising " refer to that there are the feature, integer, step, operation, element and/or component, but it is not excluded that in the presence of or addition Other one or more features, integer, step, operation, element, component and/or their group.It should be understood that when we claim member Part is " connected " or when " coupled " to another element, it can be directly connected or coupled to other elements, or there may also be Intermediary element.In addition, " connection " used herein or " coupling " may include being wirelessly connected or wirelessly coupling.It is used herein to arrange Diction "and/or" includes one or more associated wholes for listing item or any cell and all combinations.
Those skilled in the art of the present technique are appreciated that unless otherwise defined, all terms used herein (including technology art Language and scientific term), there is meaning identical with the general understanding of those of ordinary skill in fields of the present invention.Should also Understand, those terms such as defined in the general dictionary, it should be understood that have in the context of the prior art The consistent meaning of meaning, and unless idealization or meaning too formal otherwise will not be used by specific definitions as here To explain.
With reference to the accompanying drawing, by the description of the embodiment, further explanation of the contents of the invention are made.
A kind of refrigerator with automatically openable door is present embodiments provided, as illustrated in fig. 1 and 2, the refrigerator with automatically openable door includes refrigerator Ontology 40, rotating mechanism 20, testing agency and controller 10, the testing agency be set in the refrigerator body 40 and with The controller 10 is connected, and the rotating mechanism 20 is set in the refrigerator body 40 and is connected with the controller 10 It connects.The state in which of testing agency's detection refrigerator doors, and the detection information that will test is sent to controller 10, it is described Controller 10 determines the working condition of the rotating mechanism according to the detection information, and according to the working state control Rotating mechanism work, so that rotating mechanism drives the refrigerator doors rotation or stops, so that rotating refrigerator doors automatically.
The testing agency includes direction sensor 50, position sensor 70 and ultrasonic sensor 60, the direction Sensor 50, position sensor 70 and ultrasonic sensor 60 are all set in refrigerator body, and detect refrigerator doors institute respectively The state at place.Wherein, the direction sensor 50 is used for the first rotation direction using refrigerator doors, and by collected first turn Dynamic direction is sent to controller 10, and the controller 10 determines the direction of rotation of refrigerator doors according to first rotation direction, into And rotation starting rotation is controlled to drive refrigerator doors to rotate according to direction of rotation.The position sensor 70 is for detecting refrigerator doors Location information, and the location information is sent to controller 10, the controller 10 is true according to the positional information Determine the location of refrigerator doors, and controls starting/stopping of rotating mechanism according to refrigerator doors present position.The ultrasonic wave passes Sensor 60 is used to detect the obstacle information in preset range, and the obstacle information is sent to controller 10, the control Device 10 processed controls the rotating mechanism starting/stopping according to the obstacle information.
Further, starting/stopping that the controller 10 controls rotating mechanism according to the positional information is specifically as follows Controller sends location information according to position sensor 70 and determines whether refrigerator doors are in predeterminated position, when refrigerator doors are in default When position, controller 10 obtains the state of refrigerator doors, when refrigerator doors are in rotation status, generate stop according to the positional information Only control instruction is stopped with controlling the rotating mechanism by the stopping control instruction so that refrigerator doors stay in it is default Position;When refrigerator doors remain static, whether refrigerator doors described in real-time detection are by external force, when refrigerator doors are by outer The masterpiece used time obtains the direction of external force, and direction direction corresponding with the predeterminated position is compared, when the two one When cause, the rotating mechanism starting is controlled to drive refrigerator doors outward force direction to rotate automatically, when the two is inconsistent, controls institute It states rotating mechanism and is in halted state to keep the refrigerator static.In the present embodiment, the predeterminated position be refrigerator doors most Big folding position, the direction be from maximum folding position to the direction of refrigerator doors closed position, in this way can be to avoid refrigerator doors Position is opened and closed more than maximum, and refrigerator doors are damaged.Certainly, in practical applications, when refrigerator doors remain static, Can detecte the refrigerator doors whether by external force or whether receive carry rotation direction control instruction, work as detection To external force or when carrying the control instruction of rotation direction, the rotation direction of refrigerator doors is determined, and by rotation direction and in advance If the corresponding direction in position is compared wherein, controlled outside the course of work and above-mentioned only detection of rotating mechanism according to comparison result The course of work of power effect is identical, is not just repeating here.
Further, the controller 10 controls the rotating mechanism starting/stopping according to the obstacle information and specifically may be used Think that controller determines that setting has barrier in the preset range of refrigerator doors according to the obstacle information that ultrasonic sensor 60 is sent Hinder object, when there are barrier, judges the state in which of the refrigerator doors, when the refrigerator doors are in rotary state, control The rotating mechanism is made to stop.When the refrigerator doors remain static, whether refrigerator doors described in real-time detection are by outer masterpiece With being controlled rotating mechanism starting when refrigerator doors are by external force.In addition, described when the refrigerator doors are in static shape State, whether refrigerator doors described in real-time detection be may be that can detecte when refrigerator doors remain static by external force Whether the refrigerator doors are carried the control instruction of rotation direction by external force or whether receive, when detecting outer masterpiece With or while carrying the control instruction of rotation direction control rotating mechanism starting.Certainly, in practical applications, refrigerator doors exist When receiving external force, whether there are obstacles in logical ultrasonic sensor detection preset range, when if there is barrier, control Rotating mechanism processed stops.
Further, as illustrated in fig. 1 and 2, the refrigerator with automatically openable door further includes ejecting mechanism 30, and the ejecting mechanism 30 is set It is placed in refrigerator body 40 and is connected with the controller 10, the ejecting mechanism 30 is controlled by the controller 10 and is started To eject refrigerator doors, so that refrigerator doors are opened.That is, the ejecting mechanism gives refrigerator doors one external force, by refrigerator doors It releases.After refrigerator doors are pushed out, controller controls rotating mechanism starting to drive refrigerator doors to rotate, to realize refrigerator doors Automatic opening and rotation.Certainly, in the present embodiment, the ejecting mechanism can appointing using the configuration of existing automatic door opening Meaning ejecting mechanism, just repeats no more here.
Based on above-mentioned refrigerator with automatically openable door, the present invention also provides a kind of methods of refrigerator automatic door opening, as shown in figure 11, Comprising:
S10, when receiving the control instruction of switch gate, obtain the first rotation direction of refrigerator doors;
S20, the direction of rotation of rotating mechanism is determined according to first rotation direction, and controls rotating mechanism according to the rotation Direction rotation, to control refrigerator doors automatic opening/closing.
Specifically, the door open command can be phonetic order, the control instruction that triggering control key generates and open manually The control instruction etc. for opening refrigerator doors and being formed.That is, having phonetic function on the refrigerator, user's transmission can receive Phonetic order, and switch gate instruction is generated according to the phonetic order.It wherein, may include refrigerators in the phonetic order Rotation direction.For example, the phonetic order is door open command, then can determine first rotation according to the phonetic order Direction is the direction far from doorframe, when the phonetic order is to close the door instruction, can be determined according to the phonetic order described First rotation direction is close to the direction of doorframe.In addition, the control instruction of the switch gate can be subject to according to refrigerator doors it is outer What power generated, that is to say, that when refrigerator doors are by external force, control instruction is generated according to the external force, and according to the external force Direction determine first rotation direction.Certainly, the control instruction of the switch gate can also be generated according to other modes, example Such as, the control instruction etc. that external equipment is sent.
Further, when refrigerator doors are in close state, when receiving the control instruction of switch gate, it can star ejector Structure ejects refrigerator doors, to give refrigerator doors initial rotation force, and then available the first rotation direction to refrigerator doors.Accordingly , described when receiving the control instruction of switch gate, the first rotation direction for obtaining refrigerator doors can specifically include:
When receiving the control instruction of switch gate, the instruction type of the control instruction is judged, wherein instruction type includes opening Door instruction and instruction of closing the door;
When the control is door open command, refrigerator doors state in which is obtained, wherein the state includes closed state and opens Open state;
When the state is closed state, start ejecting mechanism to open the refrigerator doors by the ejecting mechanism, and Obtain the first rotation direction of the refrigerator doors.
Specifically, the closed state illustrates that the refrigerator doors and doorframe are closed, and refrigerator doors connect with ejecting mechanism Touching, can push refrigerator doors by ejecting mechanism at this time, refrigerator doors are pushed open and give refrigerator doors one initial motion direction, make For the first rotation direction, refrigerator doors can be driven to rotate along the first rotation direction by rotating mechanism in this way, be opened automatically with realizing It closes the door.
Further, real in refrigerator doors rotation process in order to avoid refrigerator doors automatic door opening process generates collision to human body When detection preset range in whether there are obstacles, and according to whether there are the state of barrier control rotating mechanism start-stop. Correspondingly, described determine the direction of rotation of rotating mechanism according to first rotation direction, and rotating mechanism is controlled according to described Direction of rotation rotation, is specifically included with controlling refrigerator doors automatic opening/closing:
The direction of rotation of rotating mechanism is determined according to first rotation direction, and obtains the barrier letter of preset range in real time Breath;
When not checking obstacle information, control rotating mechanism is rotated according to the direction of rotation, automatic to control refrigerator doors Unlatching/closing.
Specifically, the ultrasonic sensor that the obstacle information can be configured by refrigerator obtains, that is to say, that ultrasound Whether there are obstacles in wave sensor real-time detection preset range, when there are barrier, judges the locating of the refrigerator doors State control the rotating mechanism when the refrigerator doors are in rotary state and stop.When the refrigerator doors are in static shape State, whether refrigerator doors described in real-time detection are by external force, and when refrigerator doors are by external force, interval preset time is obtained Obstacle information in preset range controls the rotating mechanism starting when obstacle information is not there is no barrier to realize Automatic opening and closing door.In addition, described when the refrigerator doors remain static, whether refrigerator doors described in real-time detection are by outer masterpiece With may be that can detecte whether the refrigerator doors by external force or connect when refrigerator doors remain static The control instruction for carrying rotation direction is received, controls institute when detecting external force or carrying the control instruction of rotation direction State rotating mechanism starting.Certainly, in practical applications, it is pre- to lead to ultrasonic sensor detection when receiving external force for refrigerator doors If in range, whether there are obstacles, and when if there is barrier, control rotating mechanism stops.
In addition, the refrigerator automatic door opening method, wherein it is described when checking obstacle information, control rotating mechanism After stopping operating further include:
Monitor whether refrigerator doors receive external force;
When refrigerator doors receive external force, the enabling mode of refrigerator is converted into the mode of opening Door by Hand, and the refrigerator doors root It is rotated according to the external force.
Specifically, when refrigerator doors receive external force, illustrate that user manually controls refrigerator doors, detect at this time described outer The duration of power is converted to the enabling mode of refrigerator doors when the external force duration being greater than preset time (for example, 0.5s) Open Door by Hand mode, and realizes switch gate under the external force.Allow refrigerator doors in automatic door opening mode in this way and Automatically switch between the mode that opens Door by Hand, is brought convenience to the use of user.
Illustratively, in one embodiment of the invention, described when checking obstacle information, control rotating mechanism After stopping operating further include:
Check the state of refrigerator doors, wherein state includes stationary state and rotary state;
When refrigerator doors are in rotary state, the 2nd rotation direction of refrigerator doors is obtained, and controls rotating mechanism according to described The rotation of second rotation direction.
Specifically, the rotary state refers to that refrigerator doors receive external force, and not there is no obstacle in preset range Object, obtains the 2nd rotation direction of refrigerator doors at this time, and controls rotating mechanism and rotate according to second rotation direction.Also It is to say, when refrigerator doors are in the open state or semi-open state, rotating mechanism can be passed through and realize opening automatically for refrigerator doors It opens or closes, improve the applicable range of automatic door opening.
Further, for the process of more exactly clear ice case automatic door opening, the scene in conjunction with locating for refrigerator doors to its into Row is described in detail.
Scene one: refrigerator doors encounter barrier in rotary course
When refrigerator doors are in rotation status, the ultrasonic sensor detects the barrier in preset range there are barrier The obstacle information detected is sent to controller by information, the ultrasonic sensor, and the controller is sent out to rotating mechanism Halt instruction is sent, the motor of rotating mechanism reduces revolving speed until stopping, stopping operating to control the refrigerator doors.
Scene two: refrigerator doors stop in rotary course, and intervene restart manually
After refrigerator doors stop during rotation, when listening to external force, direction sensor obtains the work of the external force With direction and it will acquire action direction and be sent to controller, controller determines that the third of refrigerator doors turns according to the action direction Dynamic direction, and according to the motor of third rotation direction starting rotating mechanism, drive refrigerator doors to revolve to start rotating mechanism Turn until detecting barrier or on earth predeterminated position, when predeterminated position on earth, location information is sent out in position sensor inspection It send to controlling, controller control rotating mechanism stops operating.
Scene three: it during switching refrigerator doors, forces to intervene manually
Refrigerator doors are in rotation status, and ultrasonic sensor detects preset range, and there are barriers, stop in control rotating mechanism Only, the door opening process of refrigerator doors is converted to and is opened Door by Hand.Wherein, the preset range is the detection half of ultrasonic sensor The radius of investigation of diameter, the ultrasonic sensor can be set according to specifically used requirement, and value is adjustable.
Scene four: during switching refrigerator doors, the interference of clear.
Refrigerator doors are in rotation status, and ultrasonic sensor does not detect preset range there are barrier, and controller can be with The revolving speed of rotating mechanism is improved, to shorten the time of switch refrigerator doors.
In addition, as shown in figures 3-8, the rotating mechanism 20 includes upper in the refrigerator with automatically openable door of offer of the invention Shell 100, rotational structure 200 and lower case 300, the upper housing 100 are matched with the lower case 300 to be formed and be had The shell of accommodation space, the rotational structure 200 are set in the lower case 300 and are placed in the accommodation space, simultaneously The rotational structure 200 partially passes through the lower case 300 to match with refrigerator doors, and refrigerator doors is driven to rotate synchronously.It is described Rotational structure includes pedestal 1, sliding mechanism 2 and driving mechanism 3, and the driving mechanism 3 and sliding mechanism 2 are all set in described In pedestal 1, the sliding mechanism 2 partially passes through the pedestal 1 and is placed in outside the lower case 300, when the rotating mechanism fills When assigned in refrigerator doors, the part that the sliding mechanism 2 is placed in outside lower case 300, which penetrates in refrigerator doors and fixes with refrigerator doors, to be connected It connects.The sliding mechanism 2 includes skidding seat 21 and passing spool 22, and the skidding seat 21 is meshed with the driving mechanism 3, described Passing spool 22 passes through the skidding seat 21 and is partially disposed in the skidding seat 21, and the passing spool 22 is placed in the skidding seat 21 Be provided with friction component 221 on partial outer wall, the friction component 221 along the passing spool 22 circumferentially and with it is described Skidding seat 21 is in contact.Wherein, the torque that the frictional force between the friction component 221 and the skidding seat 21 is formed (is denoted as The torque of sliding mechanism 2) it is greater than the torque that passing spool 22 applies refrigerator doors in enabling/door closing procedure, such driving mechanism 3 is driven When dynamic skidding seat 21 rotates, the skidding seat 21 is rotated synchronously with the passing spool 22 to be automatically switched refrigerator doors.And line is served as Axis 22 is interfered the torque of power and perturbed force when being greater than the torque of sliding mechanism 2, and the passing spool 22 is relative to the skidding Seat 21 rotates, so that rotating mechanism fails, and enters and opens Door by Hand/close the door.On the one hand the present embodiment realizes automatic switch ice On the other hand chamber door is realized the automatic switchover of automatic switch refrigerator doors and manual switch refrigerator doors by friction component 221, mentioned The high practicability of refrigerator.
As illustrated in figs. 5-7, the skidding seat 21 is cylindrical structure comprising mounting portion 213, the engaging section set gradually 212 and interconnecting piece 211, the outer surface of the engaging section 212 be provided with several sawtooth 2121, several sawtooth 2121 are along institute The circumferencial direction for stating engaging section 212 is uniformly distributed.The sawtooth 2121 extends along the extending direction of the engaging section 212, and Its edge for arriving separately at mounting portion 213 and interconnecting piece 211.The sawtooth 2121 protrudes simultaneously to the direction far from engaging section 212 And be meshed with driving mechanism 3, to drive skidding seat 21 to rotate by the driving device.In the present embodiment, the engagement The sawtooth 2121 of the outer surface in portion 212 is formed with gear structure, is meshed by gear structure with driving device.
Further, the mounting portion 213 is located at the engaging section 212 close to the side of pedestal 1, and the mounting portion 213 is remote One end from engaging section 212 is provided with annular baffle, the annular baffle be located on the inner wall of the mounting portion 213 and to Extend close to the direction of passing spool 22.The internal diameter of the annular baffle is matched with the outer diameter of the passing spool 22, so that institute The annular baffle can be passed through and can rotate relative to the annular baffle by stating passing spool 22.In addition, the friction group Part 221 is located above the annular baffle and is in contact with the annular baffle, to be supported by the annular baffle The friction component 221.In the present embodiment, the first pad is provided between the annular baffle and the friction component 221 Circle, first washer are sheathed on the passing spool 22 and between the friction component 221 and the annular baffles.This Sample can reduce the frictional force of the contact surface of annular baffle and friction component 221, and reduce friction during automatic door opening The abrasion of component 221 and annular baffle improves the service life of rotating mechanism.
In the present embodiment simultaneously, as shown in Figure 10, support base 301, the support base are provided in the lower case 300 301 is cylindrical structures and the support base 301 extends to the direction far from the pedestal 1.The skidding seat 21 is set to institute It states support base 301 and the mounting portion 213 is placed in the support base 301 and fits with the inner wall of the support base 301, The engaging section 212 is located at the top of the support base 301, the lower surface of the sawtooth 2121 of the engaging section 212 and the branch The upper surface of support seat 301 is in contact, and to support the sawtooth 2121 by the support base 301, on the one hand is guaranteeing to saw in this way Under the premise of tooth 2121 is meshed with driving mechanism 3, the stability of 21 opposite base 1 of skidding seat, and driving machine can be improved When structure 3 drives skidding seat 21 to rotate, skidding seat 21 shakes relative to the pedestal 1 and generates noise.On the other hand it can also keep away Exempt to loosen after skidding seat 21 works long hours with the connection of pedestal 1, so as to improve the service life of rotating mechanism.
Further, the height of the support base 301 is matched with the height of the mounting portion 213, when the mounting portion 213 When being placed in the support portion, the lower surface of the mounting portion 213 is flushed with the lower surface of the support portion, so that the peace Dress portion 213 is in contact with the pedestal 1, is played a supporting role by the pedestal 1 to the mounting portion 213.In the present embodiment In, the peripherally disposed baffle 302 for having fold inward in one end of the support base 301 and close pedestal 1, the baffle 302 are in contact with the lower surface of the mounting portion 213, to support the skidding seat 21 by the baffle 302.
As it can be seen in figures 5 and 6, being also provided with skidding lid 23 on the skidding seat 21, the skidding lid 23 is disk knot Structure is located at the described one end of skidding seat 21 far from pedestal 1.The skidding lid 23 covers the upper surface of the interconnecting piece 211 simultaneously It is connected with the interconnecting piece 211.In embodiment, it serves as reasons the side that the skidding lid 23 is connected with the interconnecting piece 211 Step structure from inside to outside, the upper surface of described interconnecting piece 211 and the step surface of the step structure are located at outside the interconnecting piece 211 Side so that the skidding lid 23 is fastened on the interconnecting piece 211, and limits the skidding lid 23 by step surface The stability between skidding lid 23 and skidding seat 21 is improved in position.In the present embodiment, the skidding lid 23 and the interconnecting piece Second packing ring can be set between 211.
As shown in figure 8, the passing spool 22 includes limiting section and rotation section, the limiting section is located at the skidding seat 21 Interior, the rotation section passes through the skidding seat 21 and is located at outside the skidding seat 21.The friction component 221 is set to the limit The outer surface in position portion, and be in contact with the inner surface of the skidding seat 21.That is, the skidding seat 21 is sheathed on described rub On brush assembly 221 and the friction component 221 is compressed, it is described to cross line when passing spool 22 is by being more than the rotary force of preset value Axis 22 can be rotated relative to the skidding seat 21;When the not rotation by rotary force or by rotary force less than preset value of passing spool 22 When turning power, the passing spool 22 is fixed relative to the skidding seat 21, and rotates synchronously with the skidding seat 21.In the present embodiment In, when the preset value is opened/closed according to refrigerator doors refrigerator doors to the resistance that passing spool 22 applies and determination, and it is described Preset value is greater than the resistance, in this way when skidding seat 21 drives passing spool 22 to rotate, and passing spool 22 drives refrigerator doors rotation, mistake Spool 22 in the resistance applied by refrigerator doors, passing spool 22 guarantee with the skidding seat 21 it is relatively fixed, thus passing spool 22 rotate synchronously with skidding seat 21, to drive refrigerator doors to rotate.And when passing spool 22 is by the perturbed force for being greater than preset value, it does Disturbing power rotates passing spool 22 relative to skidding seat 21, and skidding seat 21 is made to be unable to drive the synchronous rotation of passing spool 22, from And the driving mechanism 3 fails, and automatic door opening is converted to and is opened Door by Hand.Certainly, it is worth explanation, the rotation of the preset value The torque that power generates is greater than the torque that the frictional force between friction component 221 and skidding seat 21 generates.
As shown in figure 8, the friction component 221 includes two annular ribs and several raised 2212, it is denoted as the respectively One annular rib 2211 and the second annular rib 2213, first annular rib 2211 are located at the limiting section close to skidding lid 23 Side, the second annular rib 2213 are located at side of the limiting section far from skidding lid 23, and the first annular rib 2211 and second annular rib 2213 be arranged in parallel.Described several raised 2212 are uniformly arranged on the first annular rib 2211 And second between annular rib 2213, described raised 2212 along from first annular rib 2211 to the side of the second annular rib 2213 It is in contact to extension, and with first annular rib 2211 and the second annular rib 2213.Described raised 2212 are located at the rotation Portion is along the direction protrusion 2212 far from limiting section, and the height of raised 2212 protrusion is less than the height of annular baffle Degree, so that described raised 2212 are not in contact with skidding seat 21.
As shown in Fig. 5,6,8 and 9, the rotation section outer surface is provided with several first rack gears 222, several first teeth Item 222 is evenly arranged on the rotation section, and extending direction of first rack gear 222 along the rotation section extends.Institute An axle sleeve 24 can be arranged with by stating on rotation section, 24 inner surface of axle sleeve is provided with second matched with the first rack gear 222 Rack gear 241 realizes the tight of the rotation section and the axle sleeve 24 by first rack gear 222 and the engagement of the second rack gear 241 Close fit, so that the rotation section is not rotated relative to the axle sleeve 24.
As shown in figure 9, the axle sleeve 24, which is provided with to far from limiting section direction, extends to toroidal cavity 242, the circle Arc groove is located between described second this wheel and 24 outer surface of the axle sleeve, is provided with positioning in the toroidal cavity 242 Set 25, the positioning sleeve 25 be cylindrical shape and its extend along direction this have an opening.The positioning sleeve 25 is far from annulus One end of 242 bottom wall of connected in star is in contact with the described second annular rib 2213, to support the described second annular rib 2213.This Outside, the axle sleeve 24 is provided with inclined arm 243 close to one end of the second annular rib 2213, and the inclined arm 243 is to far from axis 24 directions are covered to tilt and be in contact with the bottom surface of the sawtooth of skidding seat 21 2121, to play a supporting role to the skidding seat 21, Further decrease shaking and the noise of rotation process.
As shown in Fig. 2, the driving mechanism 3 includes driving motor 31, worm gearing 32, helical gear 33 and slows down Gear mechanism 34, the reduction gear 34 are meshed with the sliding mechanism 2, and pass through the helical gear 33 and the snail Bar transmission mechanism 32 is connected, and the worm gearing 32 is connected with the driving motor 31.Certainly, in practical application In, the driving mechanism 3 can also use other structures, such as the driving mechanism 3 includes driving motor and reducing gear turbine Structure is meshed by driving motor described in reduction gear part with sliding mechanism 2.
Finally, it should be noted that the above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical solutions of the present invention, rather than its limitations;Although Present invention has been described in detail with reference to the aforementioned embodiments, those skilled in the art should understand that: it still may be used To modify the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments or equivalent replacement of some of the technical features; And these are modified or replaceed, technical solution of various embodiments of the present invention that it does not separate the essence of the corresponding technical solution spirit and Range.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of refrigerator with automatically openable door, characterized in that it comprises: refrigerator body is provided with for controlling in the refrigerator body Make ice rotating mechanism, the testing agency for detecting refrigerator doors state in which and for controlling the rotation of chamber door rotation The controller of mechanism rotation;The controller receives the detection information that the testing agency sends, and according to the detection information The rotating mechanism rotation is controlled, so that automatic switch refrigerator doors.
2. refrigerator with automatically openable door according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the testing agency includes direction sensor, institute State direction sensor for use refrigerator doors the first rotation direction, and first rotation direction is sent to controller, with So that controller control rotating mechanism is rotated according to first rotation direction.
3. refrigerator with automatically openable door according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the testing agency includes position sensor, institute Position sensor is stated for detecting refrigerator doors present position information, and the location information is sent to controller, so that control Device processed controls the rotating mechanism on/off according to the positional information.
4. refrigerator with automatically openable door according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the testing agency further includes supersonic sensing Device, the obstacle information that the ultrasonic sensor is used to detect the obstacle information in preset range, and will test are sent To controller, so that controller controls the rotating mechanism on/off according to the positional information.
5. a kind of refrigerator automatic door opening method, characterized in that it comprises:
When receiving the control instruction of switch gate, the first rotation direction of refrigerator doors is obtained;
The direction of rotation of rotating mechanism is determined according to first rotation direction, and controls rotating mechanism according to the direction of rotation Rotation, to control refrigerator doors automatic opening/closing.
6. refrigerator automatic door opening method according to claim 5, which is characterized in that described when the control for receiving switch gate refers to When enabling, the first rotation direction for obtaining refrigerator doors is specifically included:
When receiving the control instruction of switch gate, the instruction type of the control instruction is judged, wherein instruction type includes opening Door instruction and instruction of closing the door;
When the control is door open command, refrigerator doors state in which is obtained, wherein the state includes closed state and opens Open state;
When the state is closed state, start ejecting mechanism to open the refrigerator doors by the ejecting mechanism, and Obtain the first rotation direction of the refrigerator doors.
7. refrigerator automatic door opening method according to claim 5, which is characterized in that described true according to first rotation direction Determine the direction of rotation of rotating mechanism, and controls rotating mechanism and rotated according to the direction of rotation, automatically turned on controlling refrigerator doors/ Closing specifically includes:
The direction of rotation of rotating mechanism is determined according to first rotation direction, and obtains the barrier letter of preset range in real time Breath;
When not checking obstacle information, control rotating mechanism is rotated according to the direction of rotation, automatic to control refrigerator doors Unlatching/closing.
8. refrigerator automatic door opening method according to claim 7, which is characterized in that described true according to first rotation direction Determine the direction of rotation of rotating mechanism, and controls rotating mechanism and rotated according to the direction of rotation, automatically turned on controlling refrigerator doors/ It closes further include:
When checking obstacle information, control rotating mechanism stops operating.
9. refrigerator automatic door opening method according to claim 8, which is characterized in that it is described when checking obstacle information, After control rotating mechanism stops operating further include:
Monitor whether refrigerator doors receive external force;
When refrigerator doors receive external force, the enabling mode of refrigerator is converted into the mode of opening Door by Hand, and the refrigerator doors root It is rotated according to the external force.
10. refrigerator automatic door opening method according to claim 8, which is characterized in that it is described when checking obstacle information, After control rotating mechanism stops operating further include:
Check the state of refrigerator doors, wherein state includes stationary state and rotary state;
When refrigerator doors are in rotary state, the 2nd rotation direction of refrigerator doors is obtained, and controls rotating mechanism according to described The rotation of second rotation direction.
CN201910267142.7A 2019-04-03 2019-04-03 A kind of refrigerator with automatically openable door and automatic door opening method Pending CN110017651A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910267142.7A CN110017651A (en) 2019-04-03 2019-04-03 A kind of refrigerator with automatically openable door and automatic door opening method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910267142.7A CN110017651A (en) 2019-04-03 2019-04-03 A kind of refrigerator with automatically openable door and automatic door opening method

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN110017651A true CN110017651A (en) 2019-07-16

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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104675263A (en) * 2015-02-10 2015-06-03 青岛海尔股份有限公司 Door opening device, refrigerator and non-contact door opening method
CN104948057A (en) * 2015-07-10 2015-09-30 无锡市崇安区科技创业服务中心 Smart control door
JP2017110832A (en) * 2015-12-15 2017-06-22 日立アプライアンス株式会社 refrigerator
CN107655255A (en) * 2017-10-24 2018-02-02 南京贝奇工业设计有限公司 A kind of refrigerator with automatic switch door gear and its switch gate method
CN108362071A (en) * 2018-04-17 2018-08-03 南京中竞科电子科技有限公司 A kind of door opening/closing apparatus of refrigerator, refrigerator, door opening method and shutdown method
CN108662839A (en) * 2018-05-21 2018-10-16 合肥华凌股份有限公司 Refrigeration equipment, door body assembly and its control method
CN108709361A (en) * 2018-08-08 2018-10-26 安徽康佳同创电器有限公司 A kind of rotating mechanism and refrigerator for refrigerator automatic door opening
CN109424289A (en) * 2017-08-30 2019-03-05 比亚迪股份有限公司 A kind of safe method for opening and closing of back door, back door gear and automobile

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104675263A (en) * 2015-02-10 2015-06-03 青岛海尔股份有限公司 Door opening device, refrigerator and non-contact door opening method
CN104948057A (en) * 2015-07-10 2015-09-30 无锡市崇安区科技创业服务中心 Smart control door
JP2017110832A (en) * 2015-12-15 2017-06-22 日立アプライアンス株式会社 refrigerator
CN109424289A (en) * 2017-08-30 2019-03-05 比亚迪股份有限公司 A kind of safe method for opening and closing of back door, back door gear and automobile
CN107655255A (en) * 2017-10-24 2018-02-02 南京贝奇工业设计有限公司 A kind of refrigerator with automatic switch door gear and its switch gate method
CN108362071A (en) * 2018-04-17 2018-08-03 南京中竞科电子科技有限公司 A kind of door opening/closing apparatus of refrigerator, refrigerator, door opening method and shutdown method
CN108662839A (en) * 2018-05-21 2018-10-16 合肥华凌股份有限公司 Refrigeration equipment, door body assembly and its control method
CN108709361A (en) * 2018-08-08 2018-10-26 安徽康佳同创电器有限公司 A kind of rotating mechanism and refrigerator for refrigerator automatic door opening

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