CN109910867A  A kind of engine working point optimization method of series parallel hybrid power vehicle  Google Patents
A kind of engine working point optimization method of series parallel hybrid power vehicle Download PDFInfo
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 CN109910867A CN109910867A CN201910203861.2A CN201910203861A CN109910867A CN 109910867 A CN109910867 A CN 109910867A CN 201910203861 A CN201910203861 A CN 201910203861A CN 109910867 A CN109910867 A CN 109910867A
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 Y—GENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSSSECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSSREFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
 Y02—TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
 Y02T—CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
 Y02T10/00—Road transport of goods or passengers
 Y02T10/60—Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
 Y02T10/62—Hybrid vehicles

 Y—GENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSSSECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSSREFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
 Y02—TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
 Y02T—CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
 Y02T10/00—Road transport of goods or passengers
 Y02T10/80—Technologies aiming to reduce greenhouse gasses emissions common to all road transportation technologies
 Y02T10/84—Data processing systems or methods, management, administration
Abstract
The invention discloses a kind of engine working point optimization methods of series parallel hybrid power vehicle, this method comprises: step 1, acquires engine speed parameter and motor torque parameter；Step 2, in the case of engine speed parameter is constant, by changing the size of motor torque parameter, corresponding engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption are calculated；Step 3, in the case of motor torque parameter constant, by changing the size of engine speed parameter, corresponding each engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption are calculated；Step 4, lateral comparison data are obtained；Step 5, longitudinal comparison data are obtained；Step 6, the longitudinal comparison data that the lateral comparison data and step 5 that foundation step 4 obtains obtain, determine optimal charging work point under engine start optimal working point and engine tandem working mode.The present invention is simple in rule, and search range is comprehensive, and applicability is wide, can be adapted for the optimization of the energy management strategies such as mixed connection, serial mixed power.
Description
Technical field
The present invention relates to vehicle motor technical fields, more particularly to a kind of engine of series parallel hybrid power vehicle
Operating point optimization method.
Background technique
Seriesparallel hybrid electric system has preferable power performance and the economy performance, combines series hybrid electric vehicle
And the advantages of parallel type hybrid vehicle, it has obtained faster development and has popularized, especially in motor bus field using more
Extensively.Domestic most of series parallel type structure is using uniaxial or multiaxis series parallel type system, i.e. engine and ISG motor at present
It is connected, is then connect by clutch apparatus with driving motor and energy source.
In the starting of engine, different from traditional starting method, is controlled using ISG motor torque, drive hair
The startup course of motivation.In the course of work of hybrid vehicle, especially in the work of mixed connection vehicle, in order to guarantee fuel oil
Economy, engine should can will cause in the process a degree of energy dissipation according to the frequent start and stop of energy management strategies.Together
Sample, in the region of tandem working, due to there is the process from fuel oil to power generation, the setting of working efficiency and power generation operation point is all
Overall process fuel economy can be greatly affected, therefore the quality for how measuring a power generation cascade operating point also becomes one
Important problem.
At present for abovementioned two problems, most of solution is all the comparison by Operation mode cycle and practical road test
Method is determined, and this method is not only not accurate enough, but also compares elapsed time and energy.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide next gram of a kind of engine working point optimization method of series parallel hybrid power vehicle
Clothes or at least one of the drawbacks described above at least mitigating the prior art.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides a kind of engine working point optimization side of series parallel hybrid power vehicle
The engine working point optimization method of method, the series parallel hybrid power vehicle includes:
Step 1, engine speed parameter and motor torque parameter are acquired；
Step 2, in the case of the engine speed parameter is constant, by changing the big of the motor torque parameter
It is small, calculate each motor torque parameter and the corresponding engine oil consumption of the constant engine speed parameter and ISG electricity
Machine power consumption；
Step 3, in the case of the motor torque parameter constant, by changing the big of the engine speed parameter
It is small, calculate each engine speed parameter and the corresponding each engine oil consumption of the constant motor torque parameter and ISG
Motor power consumption；
Step 4, the engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption obtained according to the step 2, obtains lateral comparison number
According to；
Step 5, the engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption obtained according to the step 3, obtains longitudinal comparison number
According to；
Step 6, longitudinal ratio that the lateral comparison data and the step 5 obtained according to the step 4 obtain
Compared with data, optimal charging work point under engine start optimal working point and engine tandem working mode is determined.
Further, in the step 1, the engine speed parameter includes unloading revolving speed, the motor torque parameter
Including electric motor starting torque；
In step 2, the engine speed parameter further includes the unloading revolving speed, and the motor torque parameter further includes institute
State electric motor starting torque；
The step 4 specifically includes:
Step 41, each engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption obtained according to the step 2, calculates each institute
State electric motor starting torque and the corresponding each motor torque starting weight of the constant unloading revolving speed；
Step 42, the corresponding electricity of minimum value in each motor torque starting weight step 41 being calculated
For machine detent torque as optimal electric motor starting torque, which is the lateral comparison data；
The step 5 specifically includes:
Step 51, each engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption obtained according to the step 2, calculates each institute
State unloading revolving speed and the corresponding each unloading revolving speed starting weight of the constant electric motor starting torque；
Step 52, the minimum value in each unloading revolving speed starting weight that the step 51 is calculated corresponding is unloaded
For idling speed as optimal unloading revolving speed, which is the longitudinal comparison data.
Further, " each electric motor starting torque and the constant unloading revolving speed pair are calculated in the step 41
" each unloading revolving speed and the constant motor are calculated in each motor torque starting weight answered " and/or the step 51
The calculation formula of the corresponding each unloading revolving speed starting weight of detent torque " is such as following formula (1):
H=(α f_{c}+βp_{c})(1+γt+τn_{a}) (1)
In formula (1), α, β, γ and τ are weight coefficient, f_{c}For engine start oil consumption, p_{c}For ISG electric motor starting power consumption
Amount, t is time since engine start, n_{a}For overshoot revolving speed.
Further, the step 6 specifically includes:
Step 61, the minimum value C in the motor torque starting weight that the step 42 obtains_{α}With the step 52
The obtained minimum value L in each unloading revolving speed starting weight_{α}In the case of meeting following formula (2), using described in formula (1) calculating
The optimal unloading engine speed B ' that the optimal electric motor starting torque A ' and the step 52 that step 42 obtains are obtained
Corresponding starting weight M, then C_{α}、L_{α}With the minimum value min (C in M_{a},L_{a}, M) and corresponding electric motor starting torque and unloading revolving speed
For the engine start optimal working point；
C_{a}L_{a}≤Δ (2)
Step 62, the minimum value C in the motor torque starting weight that the step 42 obtains_{α}With the step 52
The obtained minimum value L in each unloading revolving speed starting weight_{α}It then include the following two kinds feelings in the case of meeting following formula (3)
Shape:
The first situation: if C_{a}Less than L_{α}, then the optimal electric motor starting torque A ' that the step 42 obtains is the hair
Motivation starts the electric motor starting torque in optimal working point；Again under the premise of the optimal electric motor starting torque A ' is constant, weight
The multiple step 5 carries out longitudinal searching by changing unloading revolving speed, and obtained optimal unloading revolving speed is as the engine start
Unloading revolving speed in optimal working point；
Second case: if C_{a}Greater than L_{α}, then the step 52 obtains the optimal unloading engine speed B ' hair
Motivation starts the unloading revolving speed in optimal working point；Again under the premise of the optimal unloading engine speed B ' is constant, repeat
The process that abovementioned S13 is provided, by changing the value of electric motor starting torque value A, repeating said steps 5, by changing electric motor starting
Torque carries out longitudinal searching, and obtained optimal electric motor starting torque is opened as the motor in the engine start optimal working point
Dynamic torque；
C_{a}L_{a} > Δ (3)
The numerical value of formula (2) and the Δ in formula (3) is by C_{α}And L_{α}It determines.
Further, the Δ in formula (2) and formula (3) meets:
Δ=5%min (C_{a},L_{a}), in which: min (C_{a},L_{a}) it is C_{α}And L_{α}In minimum value.
Further, in the step 1, the engine speed parameter includes power generation revolving speed, the motor torque parameter
Including the torque that generates electricity；
In step 2, the engine speed parameter further includes the power generation revolving speed, and the motor torque parameter further includes institute
State power generation torque；
The step 4 specifically includes:
Step 41, each engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption obtained according to the step 2, calculates each institute
State power generation revolving speed and the corresponding each electric ratio of oil of the constant power generation torque；
Step 42, each oil minimum value corresponding power generation revolving speed of the electricity than in the step 41 being calculated as
Optimal power generation revolving speed, the optimal power generation revolving speed are the lateral comparison data；
The step 5 specifically includes:
Step 51, each engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption obtained according to the step 2, calculates each institute
State power generation torque and the corresponding each electric ratio of oil of the constant power generation revolving speed；
Step 52, each oil minimum value corresponding power generation torque of the electricity than in the step 51 being calculated as
Optimal power generation torque, the optimal power generation torque are the longitudinal comparison data.
7. the engine working point optimization method of series parallel hybrid power vehicle as claimed in claim 6, feature exist
In, " calculating each power generation revolving speed and the corresponding each electric ratio of oil of the constant power generation torque " in the step 41 and/or
The calculating of " calculating each power generation torque and the corresponding each electric ratio of oil of the constant power generation revolving speed " in the step 51 is public
Formula is such as following formula (5):
In formula (5), f_{c}For fixed time period t intrinsic motivation oil consumption, p_{c}For ISG electric power generation amount in fixed time period t.
Further, the step 6 specifically includes:
Step 61, the first optimal oily electricity ratio η obtained in the step 42_{n}The the second optimal oil obtained with the step 52
Electricity is than being η_{T}In the case of meeting following formula (6), the optimal power generation revolving speed n that the step 42 obtains is calculated using formula (5)_{e}' and
The optimal power generation torque T that the step 52 obtains_{g}' corresponding oil electricity is than η, then the first optimal oily electricity ratio η_{n}, it is second optimal
Oily electricity is than being η_{T}With the minimum value min (η in η_{n},η_{T}, η) and corresponding power generation torque and power generation revolving speed be that the engine is connected work
Optimal charging work point under operation mode；
η_{n}η_{T}≤Δ (6)
Step 62, in the first optimal oily electricity ratio η_{n}With the second optimal oil electricity than being η_{T}In the case of meeting following formula (7), then wrap
Include the following two kinds situation:
The first situation: if η_{n}Less than η_{T}, then the step 42 obtains optimal power generation revolving speed n_{e}' it is the engine string
Join the power generation revolving speed under operating mode in optimal charging work point；Again in the optimal power generation revolving speed n_{e}' it is constant under the premise of, weight
The multiple step 5 carries out longitudinal searching by changing power generation torque, and obtained optimal power generation torque is connected as the engine
Power generation torque under operating mode in optimal charging work point；
Second case: if η_{n}Greater than η_{T}, then the step 52 obtains the optimal power generation torque T_{g}' start to be described
Power generation torque under machine tandem working mode in optimal charging work point；Again under the premise of the optimal power generation torque is constant,
Repeating said steps 5 carry out longitudinal searching by changing power generation revolving speed, and obtained optimal power generation revolving speed is as the engine string
Join the power generation revolving speed under operating mode in optimal charging work point；
η_{n}η_{T} > Δ (7)
The numerical value of formula (6) and the Δ in formula (7) is by η_{n}And η_{T}It determines.
Further, the Δ in formula (6) and formula (7) meets:
Δ=5%min (η_{n},η_{T}), in which: min (η_{n},η_{T}) it is η_{n}And η_{T}In minimum value.
Further, in the step 1, the engine speed parameter further includes power generation revolving speed, the motor torque ginseng
Number further includes power generation torque；
In step 2, the engine speed parameter further includes the power generation revolving speed, and the motor torque parameter further includes institute
State power generation torque；
The step 4 specifically includes:
Step 41, each engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption obtained according to the step 2, calculates each institute
State power generation revolving speed and the corresponding each electric ratio of oil of the constant power generation torque；
Step 42, each oil minimum value corresponding power generation revolving speed of the electricity than in the step 41 being calculated as
Optimal power generation revolving speed, the optimal power generation revolving speed are the lateral comparison data；
The step 5 specifically includes:
Step 51, each engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption obtained according to the step 2, calculates each institute
State power generation torque and the corresponding each electric ratio of oil of the constant power generation revolving speed；
Step 52, each oil minimum value corresponding power generation torque of the electricity than in the step 51 being calculated as
Optimal power generation torque, the optimal power generation torque are the longitudinal comparison data；
The step 6 specifically includes:
Step 61, the first optimal oily electricity ratio η obtained in the step 42_{n}The the second optimal oil obtained with the step 52
Electricity is than being η_{T}In the case of meeting following formula (6), the optimal power generation revolving speed n that the step 42 obtains is calculated using formula (5)_{e}' and
The optimal power generation torque T that the step 52 obtains_{g}' corresponding oil electricity is than η, then the first optimal oily electricity ratio η_{n}, it is second optimal
Oily electricity is than being η_{T}With the minimum value min (η in η_{n},η_{T}, η) and corresponding power generation torque and power generation revolving speed be that the engine is connected work
Optimal charging work point under operation mode；
η_{n}η_{T}≤Δ (6)
Step 62, in the first optimal oily electricity ratio η_{n}With the second optimal oil electricity than being η_{T}In the case of meeting following formula (7), then wrap
Include the following two kinds situation:
The first situation: if η_{n}Less than η_{T}, then the step 42 obtains optimal power generation revolving speed n_{e}' it is the engine string
Join the power generation revolving speed under operating mode in optimal charging work point；Again in the optimal power generation revolving speed n_{e}' it is constant under the premise of, weight
The multiple step 5 carries out longitudinal searching by changing power generation torque, and obtained optimal power generation torque is connected as the engine
Power generation torque under operating mode in optimal charging work point；
Second case: if η_{n}Greater than η_{T}, then the step 52 obtains the optimal power generation torque T_{g}' start to be described
Power generation torque under machine tandem working mode in optimal charging work point；Again under the premise of the optimal power generation torque is constant,
Repeating said steps 5 carry out longitudinal searching by changing power generation revolving speed, and obtained optimal power generation revolving speed is as the engine string
Join the power generation revolving speed under operating mode in optimal charging work point；
η_{n}η_{T} > Δ (7)
The numerical value of formula (6) and the Δ in formula (7) is by η_{n}And η_{T}It determines.
The present invention is simple in rule, and search range is comprehensive, and applicability is wide, can be adapted for mixed connection, serial mixed power etc.
The optimization of energy management strategies.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the revolving speed schematic diagram of engine starting process provided by the invention.
Fig. 2 is the revolving speed schematic diagram that engine enters tandem working mode.
Fig. 3 is the method figure of related engine start operating point optimization of the invention.
Fig. 4 is the method figure of related engine tandem working point optimization of the invention.
Fig. 5 a is that instantaneous oil consumption changes with time situation in starting, and abscissa indicates that the time, (unit was 10^{4}S), it indulges and sits
Mark indicates instantaneous oil consumption (unit is L/h)；
Fig. 5 b is that instantaneous power consumption changes with time situation in starting, and abscissa indicates that the time, (unit was 10^{4}S), it indulges and sits
Mark indicates instantaneous oil consumption (unit is Ws)；
Fig. 6 a is that fuel consumption in tandem working mode in power generation process changes with time situation, when abscissa indicates
Between (unit is 10^{4}S), ordinate indicates instantaneous oil consumption (unit is L/h)；
Fig. 6 b is that power consumption in tandem working mode in power generation process changes with time situation, and abscissa indicates the time
(unit is 10^{4}S), ordinate indicates instantaneous oil consumption (unit is Ws).
Specific embodiment
In the accompanying drawings, same or similar element is indicated using same or similar label or there is same or like function
Element.The embodiment of the present invention is described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawing.
In the description of the present invention, term " center ", " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical",
The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as "horizontal", "top", "bottom" "inner", "outside" is that orientation based on the figure or position are closed
System, is merely for convenience of description of the present invention and simplification of the description, rather than the device or element of indication or suggestion meaning must have
Specific orientation is constructed and operated in a specific orientation, therefore should not be understood as limiting the scope of the invention.
The engine working point optimization method of series parallel hybrid power vehicle provided in this embodiment includes:
Step 1, engine speed parameter and motor torque parameter are acquired；
Step 2, in the case of the engine speed parameter is constant, by changing the big of the motor torque parameter
It is small, calculate each motor torque parameter and the corresponding engine oil consumption of the constant engine speed parameter and ISG electricity
Machine power consumption；
Step 3, in the case of the motor torque parameter constant, by changing the big of the engine speed parameter
It is small, calculate each engine speed parameter and the corresponding each engine oil consumption of the constant motor torque parameter and ISG
Motor power consumption；
Step 4, the engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption obtained according to the step 2, obtains lateral comparison number
According to；
Step 5, the engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption obtained according to the step 3, obtains longitudinal comparison number
According to；
Step 6, longitudinal ratio that the lateral comparison data and the step 5 obtained according to the step 4 obtain
Compared with data, optimal charging work point under engine start optimal working point and engine tandem working mode is determined.
The engine working point optimization method of series parallel hybrid power vehicle provided in this embodiment is suitable for uniaxial or more
Axis series parallel hybrid power vehicle (serial mixed power is also applicable in) both can be used for measuring the optimal work of engine start
Point can be also used for the measurement optimal charging work point of tandem working mode.Illustrate specifically to survey respectively below for different operating conditions
Determine method.
Illustrate the measuring method (as shown in Figure 3) of the engine start optimal working point of engine startup first, it should
Method includes:
In step 1, gone out according to the kinetic parameter of engine, such as frictional electric machine torque and commissioning experience, primary Calculation
Electric motor starting torque initial value A (motor is torque control model) needed for starting, after applying motor torque, in engine speed value
When reaching revolving speed initial value B, the electric motor starting torque, to obtain the engine parameter in entire startup course, the engine are removed
Parameter includes time since engine start t, engine start oil consumption f_{c}, ISG electric motor starting power consumption p_{c}With overshoot revolving speed n_{a}.It is described
The acquisition methods of engine parameter are as follows:
As shown in Figure 1, the acquisition modes about time since engine start t comprising: time since engine start t is from hair
Motivation Startup time t_{0}To engine peed stable moment t_{2}Between time, the specific value of time since engine start t can pass through
Engine message is read.Wherein: engine peed stable moment t_{2}Refer to the basicly stable moment t of engine speed_{1}And then
By several continuous (such as: 5 periods) in periods, also, engine speed fluctuating range (fluctuation width above and below idle speed value
Degree such as can be set to 3r/min, may be set to be 5r/min, and the specific value of the fluctuating range is according to engine spy
Property determine) stablize at the time of.About engine start oil consumption f_{c}Acquisition modes comprising: read according to engine message
The instantaneous fuel consumption values in time since engine start t calculate instantaneous fuel consumption values in time since engine start using integration method
Fuel consumption values in t, i.e. engine start oil consumption f_{c}.About ISG electric motor starting power consumption p_{c}Acquisition modes comprising: according to
The ISG motor torque (being hereafter referred to as " motor torque ") and engine speed that ISG motor message is read, find out engine and open
Power consumption value in dynamic time t, i.e. ISG electric motor starting power consumption p_{c}.About overshoot revolving speed n_{a}Acquisition modes, be maximum speed
Point arrives the rotational speed difference of idle speed value.
In the step 1, the engine speed parameter includes unloading revolving speed (full name is " engine speed when unloading "),
The motor torque parameter includes electric motor starting torque (full name is " the electric motor starting torque of ISG motor ").
In step 2, the engine speed parameter further includes the unloading revolving speed, and the motor torque parameter further includes institute
State electric motor starting torque.
In step 2, " in the case of the engine speed parameter is constant, by changing the motor torque parameter
Size " is specifically referred to by changing electric motor starting torque value.That is, only changing electricity on the basis of unloading tachometer value is B
Machine detent torque value.Such as: on the basis of electric motor starting torque initial value A, change a respectively up and down, obtained electric motor starting
Torque can be A+a, Aa, A+2a, A2a etc..It need to substantially guarantee the temperature of engine in the starting experiment of each transformation parameter
Degree maintains certain value.
In step 2, " each motor torque parameter and the constant corresponding engine of the engine speed parameter are calculated
Oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption " specifically refers in the case of unloading tachometer value and electric motor starting torque and determining, using known
Corresponding engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption is calculated in method.Such as: current embodiment require that the amount sought includes:
Electric motor starting torque is A, unloading tachometer value is the corresponding engine oil consumption of B and ISG motor power consumption, unloading tachometer value be B,
Electric motor starting torque is the corresponding engine oil consumption of A+a and ISG motor power consumption, and unloading tachometer value is B, electric motor starting torque
For the corresponding engine oil consumption of Aa and ISG motor power consumption, unloading tachometer value is B, electric motor starting torque is A+2a corresponding
Engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption, unloading tachometer value is B, electric motor starting torque is the corresponding engine consumption of A2a
Amount and ISG motor power consumption etc..
In step 4, " the engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption obtained according to the step 2 obtains lateral comparison
Data " specifically include:
As shown in figure 3, illustrating the specific implementation of S13 below by a specific embodiment, referring to the left side of Fig. 3
Two column.Step 41, each engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption obtained according to the step 2, calculates each electricity
Machine detent torque and the corresponding each motor torque of the constant unloading revolving speed start weight.That is, being obtained according to change
Each electric motor starting torque value, utilize formula (1) to calculate the corresponding motor torque of each electric motor starting torque value and start weight C_{i}, i
=1...n, n are the natural number greater than 5.By taking n is 5 as an example: the corresponding initial motor torque starting power of electric motor starting torque initial value A
Value C_{1}, the corresponding first motor torque starting weight C of first motor detent torque value A+a_{2}, the second Aa pairs of electric motor starting torque value
The the second motor torque starting weight C answered_{3}, the corresponding third motor torque starting weight C of third electric motor starting torque value A+2a_{4},
Corresponding 4th motor torque of 4th electric motor starting torque value A2a starts weight C_{5}。
H=(α f_{c}+βp_{c})(1+γt+τn_{a}) (1)
In formula (1), α, β, γ and τ are weight coefficient.Wherein: α and β is principal element, for measuring startup course
Cost value, the two are the multiple proportions determined between α and β according to the equivalent oil mass value of consumption unit quantity of electricity, and generally desirable α is 1,
β is about 3 or so, needs to be calculated according to engine using characteristic.γ and τ are smaller, are secondary cause, and both less than 1.If hair
Motivation starts time t and overshoot revolving speed n_{a}Bring influence is smaller, i.e. the value of γ and τ are less than the threshold value of setting, can ignore not
Meter.
Step 42, the corresponding electricity of minimum value in each motor torque starting weight step 41 being calculated
For machine detent torque as optimal electric motor starting torque, which is the lateral comparison data." each motor turns
Minimum value in square starting weight " is expressed as C_{α}=min (C_{1},C_{2},...,C_{n}), C at this time_{α}Corresponding electric motor starting torque A ' work
For optimal electric motor starting torque, which is the lateral comparison data.Unloading tachometer value at this time is still
For B.
In step 3, " in the case of the motor torque parameter constant, by changing the engine speed parameter
Size " specifically refers to: on the basis of electric motor starting torque initial value A, only changing unloading engine speed value.Such as: starting
On the basis of machine revolving speed initial value B, change a respectively up and down, obtained unloading engine speed can be B+a, Ba, B+2a, B
2a etc..It need to substantially guarantee that the temperature of engine maintains certain value in the starting experiment of each transformation parameter.
In step 3, " calculates each engine speed parameter and the constant motor torque parameter is corresponding respectively starts
Oil Consumption and ISG motor power consumption " specifically refers to utilize public affairs in the case of unloading tachometer value and electric motor starting torque determines
Corresponding engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption is calculated in perception method.Such as: current embodiment require that the amount packet sought
Include: electric motor starting torque is A, unloading tachometer value is the corresponding engine oil consumption of B and ISG motor power consumption, and electric motor starting turns
Square is A, unloading tachometer value is the corresponding engine oil consumption of B+a and ISG motor power consumption, and electric motor starting torque is A, unloads idling
Speed value is the corresponding engine oil consumption of Ba and ISG motor power consumption, and electric motor starting torque is A, unloading tachometer value is B+2a pairs
The engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption answered, electric motor starting torque is A, unloading tachometer value is the corresponding engine of B2a
Oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption etc..
In the step 5, " the engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption obtained according to the step 3 is obtained longitudinal
Compare data " it specifically includes:
As shown in figure 3, illustrating the specific implementation of S13 below by a specific embodiment, referring to the right side of Fig. 3
Two column.Step 51, each engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption obtained according to the step 2 calculates each described unload
Idling speed and the corresponding each unloading revolving speed of the constant electric motor starting torque start weight.That is, being obtained according to change
Each unloading engine speed value, utilize formula (1) to calculate the corresponding unloading revolving speed starting weight of each unloading engine speed value
L_{i}, i=1...n, n are the natural number greater than 5.By taking n is 5 as an example: the corresponding initial unloading revolving speed of unloading engine speed initial value B
Start weight L_{1}, the corresponding first unloading revolving speed starting weight L of the first unloading engine speed value B+a_{2}, the second unloading engine
The corresponding second unloading revolving speed of tachometer value Ba starts weight L_{3}, the corresponding third unloading of third unloading engine speed value B+2a
Revolving speed starts weight L_{4}, the corresponding 4th unloading revolving speed starting weight L of the 4th unloading engine speed value B2a_{5}。
Step 52, the minimum value in each unloading revolving speed starting weight that the step 51 is calculated corresponding is unloaded
For idling speed as optimal unloading revolving speed, which is the longitudinal comparison data." in each unloading revolving speed starting weight
Minimum value " be expressed as L_{α}=min (L_{1},L_{2},...,L_{n}), L at this time_{α}Corresponding unloading engine speed B ' is used as longitudinal comparison
Optimal unloading revolving speed, the optimal unloading revolving speed be the longitudinal comparison data, electric motor starting torque at this time is still A.
The step 6 specifically includes:
Step 61, the minimum value C in the motor torque starting weight that the step 42 obtains_{α}With the step 52
The obtained minimum value L in each unloading revolving speed starting weight_{α}In the case of meeting following formula (2), i.e., two values are close, utilize
Formula (1) calculates the optimal electric motor starting torque A ' that the step 42 obtains and the optimal unloading that the step 52 obtains
The corresponding starting weight M of engine speed B ', then C_{α}、L_{α}With the minimum value min (C in M_{a},L_{a}, M) and corresponding electric motor starting turns
Square and unloading revolving speed are the engine start optimal working point；
C_{a}L_{a}≤Δ (2)
In formula (2), Δ=5%min (C_{a},L_{a}), as mark relatively, in which: min (C_{a},L_{a}) it is C_{α}And L_{α}
In minimum value.
Step 62, the minimum value C in the motor torque starting weight that the step 42 obtains_{α}With the step 52
The obtained minimum value L in each unloading revolving speed starting weight_{α}In the case of meeting following formula (3), i.e., two values are apart from each other,
Then include the following two kinds situation:
The first situation: if C_{a}Less than L_{α}, then the optimal electric motor starting torque A ' that the step 42 obtains is the hair
Motivation starts the electric motor starting torque in optimal working point；Again under the premise of the optimal electric motor starting torque A ' is constant, weight
The multiple step 5 carries out longitudinal searching by changing unloading revolving speed, and obtained optimal unloading revolving speed is as the engine start
Unloading revolving speed in optimal working point.
Second case: if C_{a}Greater than L_{α}, then the step 52 obtains the optimal unloading engine speed B ' hair
Motivation starts the unloading revolving speed in optimal working point；Again under the premise of the optimal unloading engine speed B ' is constant, repeat
The process that abovementioned S13 is provided, by changing the value of electric motor starting torque value A, repeating said steps 5, by changing electric motor starting
Torque carries out longitudinal searching, and obtained optimal electric motor starting torque is opened as the motor in the engine start optimal working point
Dynamic torque；
C_{a}L_{a} > Δ (3)
In formula (2), Δ=5%min (C_{a},L_{a}), as mark relatively, in which: min (C_{a},L_{a}) it is C_{α}And L_{α}
In minimum value.
Then, illustrate the measuring method (as shown in Figure 4) of engine tandem working mode charging optimal working point, this method
Include:
According to the demand power P in vehicle passthrough, vehicle demand power P includes dynamics demand power and incar accessories
Power), a lower economic zone of fuel consumption rate is selected in engine Map performance plot, and it is as follows to find a satisfaction
The operating point of formula (4):
In formula (4), n_{e}It (r/min) is engine power generation revolving speed (hereinafter referred to as " power generation revolving speed "), T_{g}It (Nm) is ISG
The corresponding power generation torque of motor (hereinafter referred to as " power generation torque "), P_{charge}It (kW) is the generated output that need to be stored in energystorage travelling wave tube,
P (kW) is vehicle demand power.
As shown in Fig. 2, take engine from one section of set time t in the course of work for launching into stable electric generation (such as
20s), according to engine Map performance plot, the range of the higher engine power generation revolving speed of efficiency is determined as n_{s}To n_{l}, corresponding
Ground, each corresponding range of the corresponding electric power generation torque of engine power generation rotary speed working point are T_{gs(n)}To T_{gl(n)}。
Using with engine start operating point determine by the way of, i.e., respectively by longitudinal comparison, lateral comparison method into
Row search, but judge index is varied, and passes through control power generation revolving speed respectively and the power generation amount of torque of working in set time t
It is constant, and change another amount, it obtains in set time t, spent amount of fuel is f_{c}(L), generated electricity is p_{c}
(kWh), then the representation of concept for proposing oily electric ratio is formula (5), and oil electricity is than fuel oil ratio η used in the electricity for every power generation 1kWh
Are as follows:
In formula (5), f_{c}For fixed time period t intrinsic motivation oil consumption, p_{c}For ISG electric power generation amount in fixed time period t.
Fuel oil compares that η is smaller, then oil be converted into electricity efficiency it is higher, it is more economical.
In the step 1, the engine speed parameter includes power generation revolving speed (full name is " engine power generation revolving speed "), institute
Stating motor torque parameter includes power generation torque (full name is " the corresponding power generation torque of ISG motor ").
In step 2, the engine speed parameter further includes the power generation revolving speed, and the motor torque parameter further includes institute
State power generation torque.
In step 2, " in the case of the engine speed parameter is constant, by changing the motor torque parameter
Size " specifically refers in power generation torque value be T_{g}On the basis of constant, only change power generation revolving speed n_{e}.Such as: in power generation revolving speed initial value
n_{e}Basis on, change n respectively up and down, obtained power generation revolving speed can be n_{e}+n、n_{e}n、n_{e}+2n、n_{e} 2n etc..
In step 2, " each motor torque parameter and the constant corresponding engine of the engine speed parameter are calculated
Oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption " specifically refers to utilize known method in the case of generating electricity torque value and determining power generation revolving speed
Corresponding engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption is calculated.Such as: current embodiment require that the amount sought includes: power generation
Torque value is T_{g}, power generation revolving speed n_{e}Corresponding engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption, power generation torque value are T_{g}, power generation revolving speed
n_{e}The corresponding engine oil consumption of+n and ISG motor power consumption, power generation torque value are T_{g}, power generation revolving speed n_{e}The corresponding engine ofn
Oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption, power generation torque value are T_{g}, power generation revolving speed n_{e}The corresponding engine oil consumption of+2n and ISG motor
Power consumption, power generation torque value are T_{g}, power generation revolving speed n_{e}The corresponding engine oil consumption of 2n and ISG motor power consumption etc..
In step 4, " the engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption obtained according to the step 2 obtains lateral comparison
Data " specifically include:
As shown in figure 4, illustrate the specific implementation of S13 below by a specific embodiment, left side referring to fig. 4
Two column.Step 41, each engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption obtained according to the step 2, calculates each hair
Electric revolving speed and the corresponding each electric ratio of oil of the constant power generation torque.That is, according to each power generation tachometer value that change obtains,
Each power generation tachometer value and the corresponding oily ratio η of constant power generation torque are calculated using formula (5)_{ni}, i=1...n, n are greater than 5
Natural number.By taking n is 5 as an example: power generation revolving speed initial value n_{e}With power generation torque initial value T_{g}Corresponding initial oil ratio η_{n1}, the first power generation turn
Fast value n_{e}+ n and power generation torque initial value T_{g}Corresponding first oily ratio η_{n2}, the second power generation tachometer value n_{e} n and power generation torque initial value T_{g}
Corresponding second oily ratio η_{n3}, third power generation tachometer value n_{e}+ 2n and power generation torque initial value T_{g}Corresponding third oil ratio η_{n4}, the 4th
Generate electricity tachometer value n_{e} 2n and power generation torque initial value T_{g}Corresponding 4th oily ratio η_{n5}。
Step 42, each oil minimum value corresponding power generation revolving speed of the electricity than in the step 41 being calculated as
Optimal power generation revolving speed, the optimal power generation revolving speed are the lateral comparison data." minimum value in each oil ratio " is expressed as η_{n}=
min(η_{n1},η_{n2}...), the oily ratio η of first at this time_{n}Corresponding power generation tachometer value n_{e}' it is used as optimal power generation revolving speed, this is optimal
Power generation revolving speed is the lateral comparison data.Power generation torque value at this time is still T_{g}It is constant.
In step 3, " in the case of the motor torque parameter constant, by changing the engine speed parameter
Size " specifically refers to: being n in power generation tachometer value_{e}On the basis of constant, only change power generation torque T_{g}.Such as: at the beginning of the torque that generates electricity
Value T_{g}Basis on, change T respectively up and down, the power generation torque of obtained electric motor starting can be T_{g}+T、T_{g}T、T_{g}+2T、T_{g}2T
Deng.It need to substantially guarantee that the temperature of engine maintains certain value in the starting experiment of each transformation parameter.
In step 3, " calculates each engine speed parameter and the constant motor torque parameter is corresponding respectively starts
Oil Consumption and ISG motor power consumption " specifically refers to utilize known side in the case of generating electricity tachometer value and determining power generation torque
Corresponding engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption is calculated in method.Such as: current embodiment require that the amount sought includes: hair
Electric revolving speed n_{e}, power generation torque value be T_{g}Corresponding engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption, generate electricity revolving speed n_{e}, power generation torque value
For T_{g}The corresponding engine oil consumption of+T and ISG motor power consumption, generate electricity revolving speed n_{e}, power generation torque value be T_{g} T is corresponding to be started
Oil Consumption and ISG motor power consumption, generate electricity revolving speed n_{e}, power generation torque value be T_{g}The corresponding engine oil consumption of+2T and ISG electricity
Machine power consumption, generate electricity revolving speed n_{e}, power generation torque value be T_{g}The corresponding engine oil consumption of 2T and ISG motor power consumption.
The step 5 specifically includes: " the engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption obtained according to the step 3, is obtained
Obtain longitudinal comparison data " it specifically includes:
As shown in figure 4, illustrate the specific implementation of S13 below by a specific embodiment, right side referring to fig. 4
Two column.Step 51, each engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption obtained according to the step 2, calculates each hair
Electric torque and the corresponding each electric ratio of oil of the constant power generation revolving speed.That is, each power generation torque value arrived, utilizes formula
(5) each power generation torque value and the corresponding oily ratio η of constant power generation revolving speed are calculated_{Ti}, i=1...n, n are the natural number greater than 5.
By taking n is 5 as an example: power generation torque initial value T_{g}With power generation revolving speed initial value n_{e}Corresponding initial oil ratio η_{T1}, the first power generation torque value T_{g}+T
With power generation revolving speed initial value n_{e}Corresponding first oily ratio η_{T2}, the second power generation torque value T_{g} T and power generation revolving speed initial value n_{e}Corresponding
Two oily ratio η_{T3}, third power generation torque value T_{g}+ 2T and power generation revolving speed initial value n_{e}Corresponding third oil ratio η_{T4}, the 4th power generation torque
Value T_{g} 2T and power generation revolving speed initial value n_{e}Corresponding 4th oily ratio η_{T5}。
Step 52, each oil minimum value corresponding power generation torque of the electricity than in the step 51 being calculated as
Optimal power generation torque, the optimal power generation torque are the longitudinal comparison data.In S24, " minimum value in each oil ratio " is indicated
For η_{T}=min (η_{T1},η_{T2}...), the oily ratio η of second at this time_{T}Corresponding power generation tachometer value T_{g}' as the optimal of lateral comparison
Generate electricity tachometer value, and power generation tachometer value at this time is still n_{e}It is constant.That is, as power generation revolving speed n_{e}When constant, power generation torque is
T_{g}' when, the second optimal oil electricity is obtained than being η_{T}。
The step 6 specifically includes:
Step 61, the first optimal oily electricity ratio η obtained in the step 42_{n}The the second optimal oil obtained with the step 52
Electricity is than being η_{T}In the case of meeting following formula (6), i.e., the first optimal oily electricity ratio η_{n}With the second optimal oil electricity than being η_{T}Relatively.With
Formula (5) calculates the optimal power generation revolving speed n that the step 42 obtains_{e}' the optimal power generation obtained with the step 52 turns
Square T_{g}' corresponding oil electricity is than η, then the first optimal oily electricity ratio η_{n}, second it is optimal oil electricity than be η_{T}With the minimum value min (η in η_{n},
η_{T}, η) and corresponding power generation torque and power generation revolving speed be optimal charging work point under the engine tandem working mode；
η_{n}η_{T}≤Δ (6)
In formula (6), Δ=5%min (η_{n},η_{T}) in, as mark relatively.min(η_{n},η_{T}) it is η_{n}And η_{T}In
Minimum value.
Step 62, in the first optimal oily electricity ratio η_{n}With the second optimal oil electricity than being η_{T}In the case of meeting following formula (7), i.e., two
A value is apart from each other, includes the following two kinds situation:
The first situation: if η_{n}Less than η_{T}, then the step 42 obtains optimal power generation revolving speed n_{e}' it is the engine string
Join the power generation revolving speed under operating mode in optimal charging work point；Again in the optimal power generation revolving speed n_{e}' it is constant under the premise of, weight
The multiple step 5 carries out longitudinal searching by changing power generation torque, and obtained optimal power generation torque is connected as the engine
Power generation torque under operating mode in optimal charging work point.
Second case: if η_{n}Greater than η_{T}, then the step 52 obtains the optimal power generation torque T_{g}' start to be described
Power generation torque under machine tandem working mode in optimal charging work point；Again under the premise of the optimal power generation torque is constant,
Repeating said steps 5 carry out longitudinal searching by changing power generation revolving speed, and obtained optimal power generation revolving speed is as the engine string
Join the power generation revolving speed under operating mode in optimal charging work point；
η_{n}η_{T} > Δ (7)
In formula (7), Δ=5%min (η_{n},η_{T}) in, as mark relatively.min(η_{n},η_{T}) it is η_{n}And η_{T}In
Minimum value.
If multioperating points mode, then remaining operating point repeats aforesaid operations selection.
The present embodiment carries out the analysis of transverse and longitudinal by establishing a kind of optimization method respectively by control variate method first,
Effective quantitative measurement index is chosen, obtains two optimal values by comparing；Finally by further judgement and analysis, pass through
Intersect more available whole optimal value and optimal working point.The advantages of embodied, is as follows:
1. this method uses simple in rule, the quantitative concept for applying weight function and the electric ratio of oil is compared, and is guaranteed
The accuracy calculated.
2. this method search range is comprehensive, it is not required to carry out more verifying, on the basis of guaranteeing certain experiment condition, i.e.,
Available accurate qualitative relationships provide the foundation of operating point formulation.
3. this method applicability is wide, it can be adapted for the optimization of the energy management strategies such as mixed connection, serial mixed power.Together
When be not limited only to starting mentioned above, operating condition of connecting, the formulation of other such as engine operation curves is see also we
Method.Measurement is simple, calculates and is easy, and the link that can be used as hybrid vehicle energy management strategy later period Optimal Development carries out.
Based on above system, explain the present invention to the optimal work of the engine start of actual vehicle below by specific embodiment
Make the effect of optimization of point and engine tandem working mode charging optimal working point:
The vehicle parameter of use is as shown in table 1, and the environment temperature in experiment is 20 degree or so, and the temperature of engine is heat engine
70 ± 2 degrees Celsius of temperature.
1 hybrid electric vehicle major parameter of table
Vehicle mass  m(kg)  16500 
Engine power rating revolving speed  ne(r/min)  2300 
Maximum power  Pe(kW)  160 
ISG motor maximum power  P(kW)  135 
ISG motor maximum torque  N(N·m)  850 
ISG motor maximum (top) speed  n(mm)  3100 
Radius of wheel  r(mm)  0.5 
1) starting engine ISG motor torque according to initial value is 350Nm, and engine speed when unloading is 550r/
min.In practical calculating, using the instantaneous fuel consumption data quoted in engine, revolving speed, the electricity of rotary speed data and ISG motor
Machine torque data.The engine idle rotational is 650r/min.
2) lateral calculations are carried out.Firstly, electric motor starting torque is that 350Nm is constant, the revolving speed for starting unloading is respectively
600,550,500,450,400,350, six groups, obtained data are as shown in the table:
Since overshoot revolving speed influences less, the weight factor of overshoot revolving speed can be approximately 0.
Can significantly it see substantially, with the increase of unloading revolving speed, oil consumption is gradually reduced, and what power consumption gradually increased becomes
Gesture, but the increase of oil consumption becomes apparent, and it is less that power consumption increases ratio.In addition, being clearly visible 550r/min, 600r/min is increased to
Afterwards, power consumption and oil consumption all become bad.
If 500r/min is unloaded, unloaded to 550r/min, oil consumption reduces 15%, and power consumption increases 6%, and effect should be
Improve.Under this group, it is best that 550r/min starts unloading effect for analysis.
2) longitudinal comparison is carried out, unloading revolving speed is scheduled under 550r/min, and electric motor starting torque is scheduled on 300Nm respectively,
350Nm, 400Nm, 450Nm, obtained data are as shown in table 3:
This group is it can be found that when electric motor starting torque increases, and oil consumption has significant reduction, and power consumption is also reduced
Very much.Wherein, RED sector and current 500r/min are unloaded, and 350Nm motor torque is compared, and oil consumption improves 22.3%,
Power consumption improves 17.6%.As can be seen that this method is compared to best, i.e. unloading revolving speed becomes larger, and motor torque also becomes larger.
3) transverse and longitudinal is comprehensively compared.
As can be seen that as shown in table 4, remaining the best of red, although power consumption reduces 5.3%, oil consumption increases
Add 10%, certainly, 500r/min unloading, 400Nm also will be far better than current method.
3) transverse and longitudinal is comprehensively compared.
As can be seen that as shown in table 4, remaining the best of red, although power consumption reduces 5.3%, oil consumption increases
Add 10%, certainly, 500r/min unloading, 400Nm also will be far better than current method.
So by comparing, it is easy to obtained final conclusion: using unloading revolving speed 550r/min, electric motor starting
The effect of torque 450Nm is best, followed by unloading revolving speed 500r/min, electric motor starting torque 400Nm, is thirdly unloading
Revolving speed 500r/min, electric motor starting torque 350Nm (currently active mode).
Motor torque is excessive when due to worrying starting, accelerates the too fast damage to motor, calculates lower motor from 0 to 500r/
The acceleration time of min.Correspondence is as follows:
There is no problem, can actually select.
It is unloaded with reference to Fig. 5 a and Fig. 5 b, 550r/min, 450Nm electric motor starting torque is best.
Work range selection example about serial connection charge
1) range of initial SOC is in 25%26.5%, and each engine is charged to operating point is entered from inactive, charging
Duration takes 20s, and the length of time tested every time maintains essentially in fixed level, and the time is longer, and that power consumption calculates selection is ISG
The revolving speed of motor and power generation torque.
Since the Map performance plot of this work dot pattern and engine should also be closely bound up, first from Map characteristic
The more economical point 1200r/min power generation revolving speed of engine, 400Nm power generation torque are selected in figure.
2) lateral comparison is first carried out, enabling charging machine torque is that 400Nm is constant, and engine operation revolving speed is respectively
Five groups of 1100r/min, 1150r/min, 1200r/min, 1250r/min, 1300r/min, obtained data are as shown in the table:
Motor torque (Nm)  400  400  400  400  400 
Engine speed (r/min)  1100  1150  1200  1250  1300 
Speed regulation+charging time (s)  21.44875  21.52905  21.6542  21.7005  21.73855 
Charging time (s)  20  20  20  20  20 
Overshoot revolving speed (r/min)  1103  1159  1205  1257  1308 
Instantaneous highest oil consumption (L/h)  13.55  14  14.5  16.75  16.75 
Oil consumption (L/3600)  230.1988  240.5558  249.9698  270.7313  281.3122 
Charge volume (kWh)  709300  736960  770720  818820  855210 
Oily electricity is than (L/KWh)  0.3245  0.3264  0.3243  0.3306  0.3289 
It can be seen that currently employed this method, the i.e. mode of 1200r/min, 400Nm are optimal.
3) longitudinal comparison is carried out below, and the working speed of engine is scheduled on 1200r/min, the motor torque difference of power generation
It is scheduled on 350Nm, 400Nm, 450Nm, obtained data are as follows:
Motor torque (Nm)  350  400  450 
Engine speed (r/min)  1200  1200  1200 
Speed regulation+charging time (s)  21.8336  21.6542  21.5836 
Charging time (s)  20  20  20 
Overshoot revolving speed (r/min)  1205  1205  1206 
Instantaneous highest oil consumption (L/h)  13.3  14.5  17.2 
Oil consumption (L/3600)  232.2194  249.9698  293.47 
Charge volume (kWh)  705320  770720  859730 
Oily electricity is than (L/KWh)  0.3292  0.3243  0.3414 
Clearer it can see, the pedestal method in longitudinal comparison is equally optimal.
4) method validation.Although needing not move through the verifying in this method according to calculated result, in order to preferably prove
The accuracy of this method, and carried out several groups of intersections and compared, it is as follows:
Motor torque (Nm)  450  400  350 
Engine speed (r/min)  1150  1200  1250 
Speed regulation+charging time (s)  21.5887  21.6542  21.7283 
Charging time (s)  20  20  20 
Overshoot revolving speed (r/min)  1155  1205  1256 
Instantaneous highest oil consumption (L/h)  17.6  14.5  15.6 
Oil consumption (L/3600)  299.0225  249.9698  267.184 
Charge volume (kWh)  815210  770720  740020 
Oily electricity is than (L/KWh)  0.3668  0.3243  0.361 
Increase electric generator torque, reduces power generation revolving speed, or reduce electric generator torque, increase power generation revolving speed, two
All it is far longer than the optimum point found out after the oil consumption of kind method is comprehensive, with reference to Fig. 6 a and Fig. 6 b.
Finally it is noted that the above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical solutions of the present invention, rather than its limitations.This
The those of ordinary skill in field is it is understood that be possible to modify the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments or right
Part of technical characteristic is equivalently replaced；These are modified or replaceed, and it does not separate the essence of the corresponding technical solution originally
Invent the spirit and scope of each embodiment technical solution.
Claims (10)
1. a kind of engine working point optimization method of series parallel hybrid power vehicle characterized by comprising
Step 1, engine speed parameter and motor torque parameter are acquired；
Step 2, in the case of the engine speed parameter is constant, by changing the size of the motor torque parameter, meter
Calculate each motor torque parameter and the corresponding engine oil consumption of the constant engine speed parameter and ISG motor power consumption
Amount；
Step 3, in the case of the motor torque parameter constant, by changing the size of the engine speed parameter, meter
Calculate each engine speed parameter and the corresponding each engine oil consumption of the constant motor torque parameter and ISG motor consumption
Electricity；
Step 4, the engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption obtained according to the step 2, obtains lateral comparison data；
Step 5, the engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption obtained according to the step 3, obtains longitudinal comparison data；
Step 6, the longitudinal comparison number that the lateral comparison data and the step 5 obtained according to the step 4 obtain
According to determining optimal charging work point under engine start optimal working point and engine tandem working mode.
2. the engine working point optimization method of series parallel hybrid power vehicle as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that institute
It states in step 1, the engine speed parameter includes unloading revolving speed, and the motor torque parameter includes electric motor starting torque；
In step 2, the engine speed parameter further includes the unloading revolving speed, and the motor torque parameter further includes the electricity
Machine detent torque；
The step 4 specifically includes:
Step 41, each engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption obtained according to the step 2, calculates each electricity
Machine detent torque and the corresponding each motor torque of the constant unloading revolving speed start weight；
Step 42, each motor torque step 41 being calculated starts the corresponding motor of minimum value in weight and opens
For dynamic torque as optimal electric motor starting torque, which is the lateral comparison data；
The step 5 specifically includes:
Step 51, each engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption obtained according to the step 2 calculates each described unload
Idling speed and the corresponding each unloading revolving speed of the constant electric motor starting torque start weight；
Step 52, the minimum value in each unloading revolving speed starting weight that the step 51 is calculated corresponding is unloaded into idling
Speed is used as optimal unloading revolving speed, which is the longitudinal comparison data.
3. the engine working point optimization method of series parallel hybrid power vehicle as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that institute
It states in step 41 and " calculates each electric motor starting torque and the corresponding each motor torque starting power of the constant unloading revolving speed
" each unloading revolving speed and the constant corresponding each unloading of the electric motor starting torque are calculated in value " and/or the step 51
The calculation formula of revolving speed starting weight " is such as following formula (1):
H=(α f_{c}+βp_{c})(1+γt+τn_{a}) (1)
In formula (1), α, β, γ and τ are weight coefficient, f_{c}For engine start oil consumption, p_{c}For ISG electric motor starting power consumption, t is
Time since engine start, n_{a}For overshoot revolving speed.
4. the engine working point optimization method of series parallel hybrid power vehicle as claimed in any one of claims 13,
It is characterized in that, the step 6 specifically includes:
Step 61, the minimum value C in the motor torque starting weight that the step 42 obtains_{α}It is obtained with the step 52
It is each it is described unloading revolving speed starting weight in minimum value L_{α}In the case of meeting following formula (2), the step is calculated using formula (1)
The optimal unloading engine speed B ' that the 42 obtained optimal electric motor starting torque A ' and the step 52 obtain is opposite
The starting weight M answered, then C_{α}、L_{α}With the minimum value min (C in M_{a},L_{a}, M) and corresponding electric motor starting torque and unloading revolving speed be institute
State engine start optimal working point；
C_{a}L_{a}≤Δ (2)
Step 62, the minimum value C in the motor torque starting weight that the step 42 obtains_{α}It is obtained with the step 52
It is each it is described unloading revolving speed starting weight in minimum value L_{α}Then include the following two kinds situation in the case of meeting following formula (3):
The first situation: if C_{a}Less than L_{α}, then the optimal electric motor starting torque A ' that the step 42 obtains is the engine
Start the electric motor starting torque in optimal working point；Again under the premise of the optimal electric motor starting torque A ' is constant, institute is repeated
Step 5 is stated, carries out longitudinal searching by changing unloading revolving speed, obtained optimal unloading revolving speed is optimal as the engine start
Unloading revolving speed in operating point；
Second case: if C_{a}Greater than L_{α}, then the step 52 obtains the optimal unloading engine speed B ' engine
Start the unloading revolving speed in optimal working point；Again under the premise of the optimal unloading engine speed B ' is constant, repeat abovementioned
The process that S13 is provided, by changing the value of electric motor starting torque value A, repeating said steps 5, by changing electric motor starting torque
Longitudinal searching is carried out, obtained optimal electric motor starting torque turns as the electric motor starting in the engine start optimal working point
Square；
C_{a}L_{a} > Δ (3)
The numerical value of formula (2) and the Δ in formula (3) is by C_{α}And L_{α}It determines.
5. the engine working point optimization method of series parallel hybrid power vehicle as claimed in claim 4, which is characterized in that formula
(2) Δ and in formula (3) meets:
Δ=5%min (C_{a},L_{a}), in which: min (C_{a},L_{a}) it is C_{α}And L_{α}In minimum value.
6. the engine working point optimization method of series parallel hybrid power vehicle as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that institute
It states in step 1, the engine speed parameter includes power generation revolving speed, and the motor torque parameter includes power generation torque；
In step 2, the engine speed parameter further includes the power generation revolving speed, and the motor torque parameter further includes the hair
Electric torque；
The step 4 specifically includes:
Step 41, each engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption obtained according to the step 2, calculates each hair
Electric revolving speed and the corresponding each electric ratio of oil of the constant power generation torque；
Step 42, minimum value corresponding power generation revolving speed of each oil electricity step 41 being calculated than in is as optimal
Generate electricity revolving speed, which is the lateral comparison data；
The step 5 specifically includes:
Step 51, each engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption obtained according to the step 2, calculates each hair
Electric torque and the corresponding each electric ratio of oil of the constant power generation revolving speed；
Step 52, minimum value corresponding power generation torque of each oil electricity step 51 being calculated than in is as optimal
Generate electricity torque, which is the longitudinal comparison data.
7. the engine working point optimization method of series parallel hybrid power vehicle as claimed in claim 6, which is characterized in that institute
State " calculating each power generation revolving speed and the corresponding each electric ratio of oil of the constant power generation torque " and/or the step in step 41
The calculation formula of " calculating each power generation torque and the corresponding each electric ratio of oil of the constant power generation revolving speed " in rapid 51 is such as
Following formula (5):
In formula (5), f_{c}For fixed time period t intrinsic motivation oil consumption, p_{c}For ISG electric power generation amount in fixed time period t.
8. the engine working point optimization method of the series parallel hybrid power vehicle as described in any one of claim 1,6 and 7,
It is characterized in that, the step 6 specifically includes:
Step 61, the first optimal oily electricity ratio η obtained in the step 42_{n}The the second optimal electric ratio of oil obtained with the step 52
For η_{T}In the case of meeting following formula (6), the optimal power generation revolving speed ne ' and institute that the step 42 obtains are calculated using formula (5)
State the optimal power generation torque T that step 52 obtains_{g}' corresponding oil electricity is than η, then the first optimal oily electricity ratio η_{n}, the second optimal oil
Electricity is than being η_{T}With the minimum value min (η in η_{n},η_{T}, η) and corresponding power generation torque and power generation revolving speed be the engine tandem working
Optimal charging work point under mode；
η_{n}η_{T}≤Δ (6)
Step 62, in the first optimal oily electricity ratio η_{n}With the second optimal oil electricity than being η_{T}It then include such as in the case of meeting following formula (7)
Lower two kinds of situations:
The first situation: if η_{n}Less than η_{T}, then the step 42 obtains optimal power generation revolving speed n_{e}' it is engine series connection work
Power generation revolving speed under operation mode in optimal charging work point；Again in the optimal power generation revolving speed n_{e}' it is constant under the premise of, repeat institute
Step 5 is stated, carries out longitudinal searching by changing power generation torque, obtained optimal power generation torque is as the engine tandem working
Power generation torque under mode in optimal charging work point；
Second case: if η_{n}Greater than η_{T}, then the step 52 obtains the optimal power generation torque T_{g}' it is the engine string
Join the power generation torque under operating mode in optimal charging work point；Again under the premise of the optimal power generation torque is constant, repeat
The step 5 carries out longitudinal searching by changing power generation revolving speed, and obtained optimal power generation revolving speed is as engine series connection work
Power generation revolving speed under operation mode in optimal charging work point；
η_{n}η_{T} > Δ (7)
The numerical value of formula (6) and the Δ in formula (7) is by η_{n}And η_{T}It determines.
9. the engine working point optimization method of series parallel hybrid power vehicle as claimed in claim 8, which is characterized in that formula
(6) Δ and in formula (7) meets:
Δ=5%min (η_{n},η_{T}), in which: min (η_{n},η_{T}) it is η_{n}And η_{T}In minimum value.
10. the engine working point optimization method of series parallel hybrid power vehicle as claimed in claim 5, which is characterized in that
In the step 1, the engine speed parameter further includes power generation revolving speed, and the motor torque parameter further includes power generation torque；
In step 2, the engine speed parameter further includes the power generation revolving speed, and the motor torque parameter further includes the hair
Electric torque；
The step 4 specifically includes:
Step 41, each engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption obtained according to the step 2, calculates each hair
Electric revolving speed and the corresponding each electric ratio of oil of the constant power generation torque；
Step 42, minimum value corresponding power generation revolving speed of each oil electricity step 41 being calculated than in is as optimal
Generate electricity revolving speed, which is the lateral comparison data；
The step 5 specifically includes:
Step 51, each engine oil consumption and ISG motor power consumption obtained according to the step 2, calculates each hair
Electric torque and the corresponding each electric ratio of oil of the constant power generation revolving speed；
Step 52, minimum value corresponding power generation torque of each oil electricity step 51 being calculated than in is as optimal
Generate electricity torque, which is the longitudinal comparison data；
The step 6 specifically includes:
Step 61, the first optimal oily electricity ratio η obtained in the step 42_{n}The the second optimal electric ratio of oil obtained with the step 52
For η_{T}In the case of meeting following formula (6), the optimal power generation revolving speed ne ' and institute that the step 42 obtains are calculated using formula (5)
State the optimal power generation torque T that step 52 obtains_{g}' corresponding oil electricity is than η, then the first optimal oily electricity ratio η_{n}, the second optimal oil
Electricity is than being η_{T}With the minimum value min (η in η_{n},η_{T}, η) and corresponding power generation torque and power generation revolving speed be the engine tandem working
Optimal charging work point under mode；
η_{n}η_{T}≤Δ (6)
Step 62, in the first optimal oily electricity ratio η_{n}With the second optimal oil electricity than being η_{T}It then include such as in the case of meeting following formula (7)
Lower two kinds of situations:
The first situation: if η_{n}Less than η_{T}, then the step 42 obtains optimal power generation revolving speed n_{e}' it is engine series connection work
Power generation revolving speed under operation mode in optimal charging work point；Again under the premise of the optimal power generation revolving speed ne ' is constant, institute is repeated
Step 5 is stated, carries out longitudinal searching by changing power generation torque, obtained optimal power generation torque is as the engine tandem working
Power generation torque under mode in optimal charging work point；
Second case: if η_{n}Greater than η_{T}, then the step 52 obtains the optimal power generation torque T_{g}' it is the engine string
Join the power generation torque under operating mode in optimal charging work point；Again under the premise of the optimal power generation torque is constant, repeat
The step 5 carries out longitudinal searching by changing power generation revolving speed, and obtained optimal power generation revolving speed is as engine series connection work
Power generation revolving speed under operation mode in optimal charging work point；
η_{n}η_{T} > Δ (7)
The numerical value of formula (6) and the Δ in formula (7) is by η_{n}And η_{T}It determines.
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