CN109897941A - A kind of preparation method of high-speed steel - Google Patents

A kind of preparation method of high-speed steel Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109897941A
CN109897941A CN201711284511.0A CN201711284511A CN109897941A CN 109897941 A CN109897941 A CN 109897941A CN 201711284511 A CN201711284511 A CN 201711284511A CN 109897941 A CN109897941 A CN 109897941A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixed
cylinder
speed steel
vacuum outgas
rack
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Granted
Application number
CN201711284511.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109897941B (en
Inventor
朱小坤
吴建忠
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Jiangsu Tiangong tools and new materials Co.,Ltd.
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Jiangsu Tiangong Tools Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P10/00Technologies related to metal processing
    • Y02P10/25Process efficiency

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of preparation method of high-speed steel, it is characterised in that: the following steps are included: including (a) that intermediate frequency furnace is smelted;(b) external refining;(c) vacuum outgas;(d) electroslag remelting;(e) quick forging machine, forging hammer;(f) smart machine cogging;(g) hot rolling is become a useful person;(h) disk member;(i) drawing is become a useful person: being sent into draw-off gear progress drawing and is become a useful person;Wherein the draw-off gear includes drawing rack, slides the drawing running gear being fixed on the drawing rack;Wherein one end of the draw bench frame is equipped with feeding mechanism, and the feeding mechanism includes fixed frame;Wherein it is connected and fixed by hydraulic cylinder with the movable plate being fixed in the fixed frame;Driving chain and support are equipped in the drawing rack, the driving chain is connected and fixed by the support and both ends with transmission base;The side of the drawing rack is equipped with several transmission induction rods;The present invention is highly-safe, can be improved the performance of high-speed steel and easy to operate.

Description

A kind of preparation method of high-speed steel
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of preparation methods of high-speed steel.
Background technique
High-speed steel is mainly for the manufacture of efficient cutting tool, since it is high with red hardness, wearability is good, intensity is high Etc. characteristics, the demanding mold of manufacturing property, roll, high-temperature bearing and high temperature spring etc. are also used for, currently used for high-speed steel Preparation method design is unreasonable, and the stabilization of equipment performance that step is not scientific and operating process is used is poor, cannot effectively improve guarantee The performance of high-speed steel.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of preparation method of high-speed steel, and design is rationally, highly-safe, can be improved the performance of high-speed steel And it is easy to operate, improve working efficiency.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions: a kind of preparation method of high-speed steel, it is characterised in that: including with Lower step: including (a) that intermediate frequency furnace is smelted;The furnace charge of high-speed steel is sent into intermediate frequency furnace and smelt, temperature is in 1600- 1700℃;
(b) molten steel is poured into ladle feeding refining furnace and heated by external refining, and temperature is at 1100-1250 DEG C;
(c) vacuum outgas: above-mentioned ladle is sent into vacuum degasser and carries out Fruit storage;
(d) electroslag remelting;(e) quick forging machine, forging hammer;(f) smart machine cogging;(g) hot rolling is become a useful person;(h) disk member;
(i) drawing is become a useful person: being sent into draw-off gear progress drawing and is become a useful person;¢ 2.2-14mm;
Wherein the draw-off gear include include drawing rack, the drawing running gear that is fixed on the drawing rack of sliding; Wherein one end of the draw bench frame is equipped with feeding mechanism, and the feeding mechanism includes fixed frame;Wherein by hydraulic cylinder and admittedly The movable plate being scheduled in the fixed frame is connected and fixed;The top of the movable plate is equipped with the first cylinder;Wherein first gas The cylinder axis of cylinder is connected and fixed with conveying assembly;Driving chain and support, the driving chain warp are equipped in the drawing rack It crosses the support and both ends is connected and fixed with transmission base;The side of the drawing rack is equipped with several transmission induction rods;Institute Stating drawing running gear includes delivery board, the clamping element and connection buckle that are fixed on the delivery board;The wherein clamping element One end connects the second cylinder;Wherein one end rotation of connection buckle is fixed on support rod and is connected and fixed with third cylinder;It is described The 4th cylinder that the two sides of support are fixed on the drawing rack with insertion is connected and fixed.
A further improvement of the present invention is that: the top of the drawing rack is equipped with track frame;In the track frame Equipped with sliding equipment;Wherein the sliding equipment is connected and fixed with matching board;It adjusts cylinder and matching board is connected and fixed and cylinder Axis is connected and fixed with rotating electric machine, and the rotating electric machine connects rotating disk, and rotating disk is equipped with rotating mould.
High-speed steel is sent on movable plate by the fixed frame of feeding mechanism, hydraulic cylinder drives movable plate movement, at this time the first gas Cylinder is downward, and the stationarity for conveying the conveying assembly guarantee of work is then fed into drawing running gear in clamping element, the second cylinder Movement, is clamped clamping element to one end of high-speed tool steel, and the 4th cylinder drives support upward;Third cylinder operation makes to connect Buckle is downward, so that connection buckle is fastened with the driving chain cooperation on support, then transmission base drives driving chain rotation Meanwhile delivery board and then moves together, carries out drawing to high-speed tool steel, during walking, transmission induction rod cooperation turns It is dynamic, guarantee the stability of the high-speed steel in drawing;And sliding equipment is in track frame and delivery board movement opposite direction movement, movement During adjust cylinder and drive matching board downward, rotating electric machine drives rotating disk rotation, and pinch roller compressed;Make rotating mould De-stress is gone while processing the high-speed tool steel in drawing;Can guarantee in this way the uniformity of diameter dimension and in time Stress is eliminated, stability and the safety of operation are improved, guarantees the quality of processing.
A further improvement of the present invention is that: the vacuum degasser in step (c) includes supporting table;The support Platform is equipped with vacuum outgas case;Wherein one end of vacuum outgas case and vacuum outgas pipeline mechanism are connected and fixed and inside is equipped with steel Packet, wherein the bottom of the ladle is fixed on base stage;The side of the base stage be equipped with several universal wheels and top according to It is secondary to be equipped with several limit feeding rods;Wherein the top of the vacuum outgas case is equipped with sealing cover;The supporting table is equipped with peace Full mechanism.
A further improvement of the present invention is that: the release mechanism includes vertical ring and block cover;The block cover is equipped with Temperature sensing device;Several induction cylinders are successively arranged on its neutral ring;The cylinder axis and block cover of each induction cylinder It is connected and fixed;Wherein one end of block cover is equipped with Steam Recovery case.
The ladle of degassing process will be needed to be sent into vacuum outgas case, be convenient for steel due to being equipped with base stage and limit feeding rod The conveying of packet positions, and is accurately placed on base stage, prevents from shaking, and after the completion of operation, opens sealing cover, since processing produces Raw hot gas etc., temperature sensing device work make to incude cylinder drive block cover upwards and utilize Steam Recovery case recovered steam, protects Demonstrate,prove the safety of discharging.It carries out placing degassing process convenient for ladle and guarantees discharge gas safety, protect environment.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are: design is rationally, and it is highly-safe, it can be improved the performance of high-speed steel and easy to operate, Improve working efficiency.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of draw-off gear of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram that sliding equipment and matching board are connected and fixed in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is vacuum degasser structural schematic diagram of the invention.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail by 1-3 with reference to the accompanying drawing:
The preparation method of a kind of high-speed steel of the present embodiment, comprising the following steps: include (a) that intermediate frequency furnace is smelted;High-speed steel is used Furnace charge be sent into intermediate frequency furnace in smelted, temperature is at 1600-1700 DEG C;
(b) molten steel is poured into ladle feeding refining furnace and heated by external refining, and temperature is at 1100-1250 DEG C;
(c) vacuum outgas: above-mentioned ladle is sent into vacuum degasser and carries out Fruit storage;Vacuum degasser includes branch Support platform 3-1;The supporting table 3-1 is equipped with vacuum outgas case 3-2;Wherein one end of vacuum outgas case 3-2 and vacuum outgas pipe Mechanism 3-8 in road is connected and fixed and inside is equipped with ladle 3-3, wherein the bottom of the ladle 3-3 is fixed on base stage 3-4;Institute The side for stating base stage 3-4 is equipped with several universal wheels 3-6 and top is successively arranged several limits feeding rod 3-7;Wherein institute The top for stating vacuum outgas case 3-2 is equipped with sealing cover 3-9;The supporting table 1 is equipped with release mechanism.
The release mechanism includes vertical ring 3-10 and block cover 3-11;The block cover 3-11 is equipped with temperature sensing device 3- 12;Several inductions cylinder 3-13 is successively arranged on its neutral ring 3-10;The cylinder axis and gear of each induction cylinder 3-13 Cover 3-11 is connected and fixed;Wherein one end of block cover 3-11 is equipped with Steam Recovery case 3-14.
The ladle 3-3 of degassing process will be needed to be sent into vacuum outgas case 3-2, sent due to being equipped with base stage 3-4 and limit Expect that bar 3-7 positions convenient for the conveying of ladle 3-3, is accurately placed on base stage 3-4, prevents from shaking, after the completion of operation, beat Sealing cover 3-9 is opened, due to the hot gas etc. that processing generates, temperature sensing device 3-12 work makes to incude cylinder 3-13 drive block cover 3-11 guarantees the safety of discharging upwards and using Steam Recovery case 3-14 recovered steam;Protect environment.
(d) electroslag remelting;
(e) quick forging machine, forging hammer;
(f) smart machine cogging;
(g) hot rolling is become a useful person;
(h) disk member;
(i) drawing is become a useful person: being sent into draw-off gear progress drawing and is become a useful person;¢ 2.2-14mm;
Wherein the draw-off gear include include drawing rack 1, sliding be fixed on the drawing rack 1 drawing walking dress It sets;Wherein one end of the draw bench frame 1 is equipped with feeding mechanism, and the feeding mechanism includes fixed frame 2;Wherein pass through hydraulic cylinder 3 are connected and fixed with the movable plate 4 being fixed in the fixed frame 2;The top of the movable plate 4 is equipped with the first cylinder 5;Wherein institute The cylinder axis for stating the first cylinder 5 is connected and fixed with conveying assembly;Driving chain 6 and support 7, institute are equipped in the drawing rack 1 Driving chain 6 is stated to be connected and fixed by the support 7 and both ends with transmission base 8;The side of the drawing rack 1 is equipped with several A transmission induction rod 9;The drawing running gear includes delivery board 10, the clamping element 11 being fixed on the delivery board 10 and connects Buckle 12;Wherein one end of the clamping element 11 connects the second cylinder 13;Wherein one end rotation of connection buckle 12 is fixed on support It is connected and fixed on bar 12-1 and with third cylinder 14;The two sides of the support 7 and insertion are fixed on the 4th of the drawing rack 1 Cylinder 15 is connected and fixed.
The top of the drawing rack 1 is equipped with track frame 20;The track frame 20 is equipped with sliding equipment 21;It is wherein described Sliding equipment 21 is connected and fixed with matching board 22;Cylinder 23 and matching board 22 is adjusted to be connected and fixed and cylinder axis and rotating electric machine 24 It is connected and fixed, the rotating electric machine 24 connects rotating disk 25, and rotating disk 25 is equipped with rotating mould 26.
High-speed steel to be sent on movable plate 4 by the fixed frame 2 on feeding mechanism, hydraulic cylinder 3 drives movable plate 4 to move, The first cylinder 5 downwards, makes the steadying plate 16 on conveying assembly that delivery wheel 17 be cooperated to guarantee the stationarity of conveying, is then fed at this time In drawing running gear in clamping element 11, the movement of the second cylinder 13 is clamped clamping element 11 to one end of high-speed tool steel, 4th cylinder 15 drives support 7 upward;Third cylinder 14 work make connection buckle 12 downwards, enable connection buckle 12 on support 7 The cooperation fastening of driving chain 6, while then transmission base 8 drives driving chain 6 to rotate, delivery board 10 and then moves together, Drawing is carried out to high-speed tool steel, during walking, the transmission cooperation rotation of induction rod 9 guarantees the high-speed tool in drawing The stability of steel;And sliding equipment 21 moves opposite direction movement in track frame 20 and delivery board 10, adjusts during movement Cylinder 23 drives matching board 22, and rotating electric machine 24 drives rotating disk 25 to rotate downwards, makes rotating mould 26 to the high speed in drawing De-stress is gone while tool steel is handled.
The beneficial effect of the present embodiment is: design is rationally, highly-safe, can be improved the performance of high-speed steel and operation side Just, working efficiency is improved.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of preparation method of high-speed steel, it is characterised in that: the following steps are included: including (a) that intermediate frequency furnace is smelted;By high-speed steel Furnace charge is sent into intermediate frequency furnace and smelted, and temperature is at 1600-1700 DEG C;
(b) molten steel is poured into ladle feeding refining furnace and heated by external refining, and temperature is at 1100-1250 DEG C;
(c) vacuum outgas: above-mentioned ladle is sent into vacuum degasser and carries out Fruit storage;
(d) electroslag remelting;(e) quick forging machine, forging hammer;(f) smart machine cogging;(g) hot rolling is become a useful person;(h) disk member;
(i) drawing is become a useful person: being sent into draw-off gear progress drawing and is become a useful person;¢ 2.2-14mm;
Wherein the draw-off gear include include drawing rack (1), sliding be fixed on the drawing rack (1) drawing walking Device;Wherein one end of the draw bench frame (1) is equipped with feeding mechanism, and the feeding mechanism includes fixed frame (2);Wherein pass through Hydraulic cylinder (3) is connected and fixed with the movable plate (4) being fixed in the fixed frame (2);The top of the movable plate (4) is equipped with the One cylinder (5);Wherein the cylinder axis of first cylinder (5) is connected and fixed with conveying assembly;It is equipped in the drawing rack (1) Driving chain (6) and support (7), the driving chain (6) connect by the support (7) and both ends with transmission base (8) solid It is fixed;The side of the drawing rack (1) is equipped with several transmissions induction rod (9);The drawing running gear includes delivery board (10), the clamping element (11) and connection buckle (12) being fixed on the delivery board (10);Wherein one end of the clamping element (11) Connect the second cylinder (13);Wherein connection buckle (12) one end rotation be fixed on support rod (12-1) and with third cylinder (14) It is connected and fixed;The 4th cylinder (15) that the two sides of the support (7) are fixed on the drawing rack (1) with insertion is connected and fixed.
2. a kind of preparation method of high-speed steel according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the drawing rack (1) it is upper Side is equipped with track frame (20);The track frame (20) is equipped with sliding equipment (21);The wherein sliding equipment (21) and cooperation Plate (22) is connected and fixed;Adjusting cylinder (23) is connected and fixed with matching board (22) and cylinder axis is connect admittedly with rotating electric machine (24) Fixed, the rotating electric machine (24) connects rotating disk (25), and rotating disk (25) is equipped with rotating mould (26).
3. a kind of preparation method of high-speed steel according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the vacuum outgas in step (c) Device includes supporting table (3-1);The supporting table (3-1) is equipped with vacuum outgas case (3-2);Wherein vacuum outgas case (3-2) One end and vacuum outgas pipeline mechanism (3-8) be connected and fixed and it is internal be equipped with ladle (3-3), wherein the ladle (3-3) Bottom is fixed on base stage (3-4);The side of the base stage (3-4) is equipped with several universal wheels (3-6) and top successively Feeding rod (3-7) is limited equipped with several;Wherein the top of the vacuum outgas case (3-2) is equipped with sealing cover (3-9);The branch It supports platform (1) and is equipped with release mechanism.
4. a kind of preparation method of high-speed steel according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: the release mechanism includes vertical ring (3-10) and block cover (3-11);The block cover (3-11) is equipped with temperature sensing device (3-12);On its neutral ring (3-10) according to It is secondary to be equipped with several inductions cylinder (3-13);The cylinder axis of each induction cylinder (3-13) connect solid with block cover (3-11) It is fixed;Wherein one end of block cover (3-11) is equipped with Steam Recovery case (3-14).
CN201711284511.0A 2017-12-07 2017-12-07 Preparation method of high-speed steel Active CN109897941B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711284511.0A CN109897941B (en) 2017-12-07 2017-12-07 Preparation method of high-speed steel

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711284511.0A CN109897941B (en) 2017-12-07 2017-12-07 Preparation method of high-speed steel

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CN109897941A true CN109897941A (en) 2019-06-18
CN109897941B CN109897941B (en) 2020-10-13

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS6361090B2 (en) * 1983-06-14 1988-11-28
CN1814846A (en) * 2005-02-01 2006-08-09 江苏天工工具股份有限公司 Rare-earth high-speed tool-steel and making method
CN203621124U (en) * 2013-11-27 2014-06-04 东莞市方荣精机工业有限公司 Automatic pipe drawing machine
CN104338767A (en) * 2013-08-05 2015-02-11 泰州万宝鑫金属制品有限公司 Cold drawn pipe machine pneumatic trolley
CN204661757U (en) * 2015-06-01 2015-09-23 重庆钢铁集团设计院有限公司 A kind of double-pot type steel-making VD furnace structure
CN206215671U (en) * 2016-08-14 2017-06-06 浙江中星钢管机械有限公司 A kind of feeding mechanism on pusher
CN107413869A (en) * 2017-04-21 2017-12-01 松阳上上德盛不锈钢有限公司 A kind of acid cleaning of steel tube cold-drawn machining production line

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP6361090B2 (en) * 2013-05-16 2018-07-25 ヤマハ株式会社 Relay device

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS6361090B2 (en) * 1983-06-14 1988-11-28
CN1814846A (en) * 2005-02-01 2006-08-09 江苏天工工具股份有限公司 Rare-earth high-speed tool-steel and making method
CN104338767A (en) * 2013-08-05 2015-02-11 泰州万宝鑫金属制品有限公司 Cold drawn pipe machine pneumatic trolley
CN203621124U (en) * 2013-11-27 2014-06-04 东莞市方荣精机工业有限公司 Automatic pipe drawing machine
CN204661757U (en) * 2015-06-01 2015-09-23 重庆钢铁集团设计院有限公司 A kind of double-pot type steel-making VD furnace structure
CN206215671U (en) * 2016-08-14 2017-06-06 浙江中星钢管机械有限公司 A kind of feeding mechanism on pusher
CN107413869A (en) * 2017-04-21 2017-12-01 松阳上上德盛不锈钢有限公司 A kind of acid cleaning of steel tube cold-drawn machining production line

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Address after: 212300 Qianxiang Village, Back Lane, Danbei Town, Danyang City, Zhenjiang City, Jiangsu Province

Patentee after: Jiangsu Tiangong tools and new materials Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 212300 Jiangsu Tiangong Tools Co., Ltd., HouXiang Town, Danyang City, Zhenjiang City, Jiangsu Province

Patentee before: JIANGSU TIANGONG TOOLS Co.,Ltd.