CN109807445A - Automated electronic spot welding device - Google Patents

Automated electronic spot welding device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN109807445A
CN109807445A CN201910252065.8A CN201910252065A CN109807445A CN 109807445 A CN109807445 A CN 109807445A CN 201910252065 A CN201910252065 A CN 201910252065A CN 109807445 A CN109807445 A CN 109807445A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
spot welding
translation
arm
sliding rail
screw
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910252065.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱颖莉
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Nanjing Institute of Railway Technology
Original Assignee
Nanjing Institute of Railway Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Nanjing Institute of Railway Technology filed Critical Nanjing Institute of Railway Technology
Priority to CN201910252065.8A priority Critical patent/CN109807445A/en
Publication of CN109807445A publication Critical patent/CN109807445A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses Automated electronic spot welding devices, relate generally to spot welding device field.Including seat rail, translation mechanism, sliding rail, pedestal, lower shake-changing arm, upper arm, small rocker, soldering tip;Seat rail two sides, which are equidistantly aligned, is equipped with multiple light holes;The sliding rail is equipped with optoelectronic switch, and the optical signal transmitter of the optoelectronic switch is located at the side of sliding rail, and the optical signal recipient of the optoelectronic switch is located at the other side of sliding rail;The translation mechanism is connect with photoelectric switching signal;The translation mechanism also data line is connected with time controller.The beneficial effects of the present invention are: the present apparatus be it is a kind of realize side by side spot welding one by one by way of the mobile spot welding device, without separately setting transport mechanism;And only the rotation of two degrees of freedom will be far below multivariant manufacturing cost for the manufacturing cost of two degrees of freedom manipulator to the manipulator of the spot welding device in perpendicular.Automation spot welding is realized by this spot-welding mechanism at low cost.

Description

Automated electronic spot welding device
Technical field
The present invention relates to spot welding device fields, specifically Automated electronic spot welding device.
Background technique
Mash welder system uses the principle of double-sided double-point over-current welding, and two electrodes pressurization workpiece make double layer of metal exist when work Form certain contact resistance under the pressure of two electrodes, and welding current when flowing through another electrode from an electrode in two contact resistances Point forms the thermal welding of moment, and welding current moment flow to this electrode forming circuit along two workpiece from another electrode, and not The internal structure of welded piece can be injured.
Existing electric welder function is single, carry out spot welding that can only manually one by one, and the requirement of automation is not achieved, leads Cause working efficiency slow.If want to realize full-automatic spot welding can only by the cooperation of the additional transport mechanism of sitting posture manipulator into Row spot welding work.But existing sitting posture manipulator is all expensive full free degree manipulator, for this unskilled labourer of spot welding Less it is worth the introduction of sitting posture manipulator, transport mechanism sleeve mechanism for sequence.So it is real to need a kind of mechanism at low cost to come Now automate spot welding.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide Automated electronic spot welding devices, it is a kind of by way of mobile spot welding device Spot welding one by one is realized side by side, without separately setting transport mechanism;And the manipulator of the spot welding device only in perpendicular two The rotation of freedom degree, because the rotation of two degrees of freedom is just able to satisfy the needs of automation spot welding in perpendicular, certainly for two Multivariant manufacturing cost will be far below by the manufacturing cost of degree manipulator.It is realized by this spot-welding mechanism at low cost Automate spot welding.
The present invention to achieve the above object, is achieved through the following technical solutions:
Automated electronic spot welding device, including seat rail, translation mechanism, sliding rail, pedestal, lower shake-changing arm, upper arm, small rocker, weldering Head;Seat rail two sides, which are equidistantly aligned, is equipped with multiple light holes;The sliding rail is slidably connected the top of present rail, the sliding rail It is equipped with optoelectronic switch, the optical signal transmitter of the optoelectronic switch is located at the side of sliding rail, the optical signal of the optoelectronic switch Recipient is located at the other side of sliding rail, and optical signal transmitter, optical signal recipient are aligned setting, optical signal transmitter with light hole The signal light of sending passes through light hole and can be received by optical signal recipient;The translation mechanism is connect with photoelectric switching signal, and The stopping of translation mechanism movement is controlled by optoelectronic switch, translation mechanism movement stops after optical signal recipient receives signal light Only;The translation mechanism also data line is connected with time controller, the stopping of the time controller control translation mechanism movement Time T, soldering tip carries out welding in T time section, and dwell time reaches time controller control translation mechanism movement weight after T New operation;The pedestal and lower shake-changing arm one end by first harmonic motor control, the lower shake-changing arm other end and upper arm one end it Between by second harmonic motor control, the upper arm other end and small rocker one end are described small by third harmonic motor control Soldering tip is arranged in the rocker arm other end.
The translation mechanism is screw-nut transmission mechanism, and the screw-nut transmission mechanism includes servo motor, slows down Device, shaft coupling, drive lead screw, driven screw, the servo motor output end are connect with retarder input terminal, the retarder Output end is connect with shaft coupling one end, and the shaft coupling and turn-screw are sequentially connected, and the driven screw is located at the bottom of sliding rail End, the turn-screw and driven screw are sequentially connected.
Weld cap is arranged far from upper arm one end in the small rocker, is detachably equipped with soldering tip on the weld cap.
Sub-material area is equipped at the top of the seat rail.
It is additionally provided with the shading plug being adapted with light hole.
The prior art is compared, the beneficial effects of the present invention are:
The present apparatus realizes moving horizontally for spot welding device by translation mechanism, thus by way of mobile spot welding device Spot welding one by one is realized side by side, without separately setting transport mechanism.And the pedestal of the present apparatus, lower shake-changing arm, upper arm, small rocker, weldering Rotation between head is all the rotation of two degrees of freedom in perpendicular, therefore the manipulator of the spot welding device is only in perpendicular The rotation of interior two degrees of freedom.Because the rotation of two degrees of freedom is just able to satisfy the needs of automation spot welding in perpendicular, for The manufacturing cost of two degrees of freedom manipulator will be far below multivariant manufacturing cost.By this spot-welding mechanism at low cost come Realize automation spot welding.
Detailed description of the invention
Attached drawing 1 is three dimensional structure diagram of the present invention.
Attached drawing 2 is side view of the present invention.
Attached drawing 3 is top view of the present invention.
Attached drawing 4 is main view of the present invention.
Label shown in attached drawing:
1, seat rail;2, sliding rail;3, pedestal;4, lower shake-changing arm;5, upper arm;6, small rocker;7, soldering tip;8, light hole;9, light is believed Number transmitter;10, optical signal recipient;11, first harmonic motor;12, second harmonic motor;13, third harmonic motor;14, Drive lead screw;15, driven screw;16, weld cap;17, sub-material area;18, shading plug.
Specific embodiment
Present invention will be further explained below with reference to specific examples.It should be understood that these embodiments are merely to illustrate the present invention Rather than it limits the scope of the invention.In addition, it should also be understood that, after reading the content taught by the present invention, those skilled in the art Member can make various changes or modifications the present invention, and such equivalent forms equally fall within range defined herein.
Of the present invention is Automated electronic spot welding device, and main structure includes seat rail 1, translation mechanism, sliding rail 2, pedestal 3, lower shake-changing arm 4, upper arm 5, small rocker 6, soldering tip 7;1 two sides of seat rail, which are equidistantly aligned, is equipped with multiple light holes 8;The sliding rail 2 tops for being slidably connected present rail 1, the sliding rail 2 are equipped with optoelectronic switch, the optical signal transmitter of the optoelectronic switch 9 In the side of sliding rail 2, the optical signal recipient 10 of the optoelectronic switch is located at the other side of sliding rail 2, optical signal transmitter 9, light Signal receiver 10 is aligned setting with light hole 8, and the signal light that optical signal transmitter 9 issues passes through light hole 8 can be by optical signal Recipient 10 receives;The translation mechanism is connect with photoelectric switching signal, and controls translation mechanism movement by optoelectronic switch Stop, translation mechanism movement stops after optical signal recipient 10 receives signal light;The translation mechanism also data line is connected with Time controller, the dwell time T of the time controller control translation mechanism movement, soldering tip 7 is welded in T time section Work, time controller control translation mechanism movement is reruned after dwell time reaches T;The pedestal 3 and 4 one end of lower shake-changing arm It is controlled by first harmonic motor 11, is controlled between 4 other end of lower shake-changing arm and 5 one end of upper arm by second harmonic motor 12 System, 5 other end of upper arm and 6 one end of small rocker are controlled by third harmonic motor 13,6 other end of the small rocker setting weldering First 7.The translation mechanism is screw-nut transmission mechanism, and the screw-nut transmission mechanism includes servo motor, retarder, connection Axis device, drive lead screw 14, driven screw 15, the servo motor output end are connect with retarder input terminal, the retarder Output end is connect with shaft coupling one end, and the shaft coupling and turn-screw are sequentially connected, and the driven screw 15 is located at sliding rail 2 Bottom end, the turn-screw and driven screw 15 are sequentially connected.Weld cap 16 is arranged far from 5 one end of upper arm in the small rocker 6, described Soldering tip 7 is detachably equipped on weld cap 16.Sub-material area 17 is equipped at the top of the seat rail 1.It is additionally provided with the shading being adapted with light hole 8 Plug 18.
Specific explanations:
For spot welding device move horizontally: servo motor output end is connect with retarder input terminal, the retarder Output end connect with shaft coupling one end, the shaft coupling and turn-screw are sequentially connected, and the rotation of servo motor is able to drive The rotation of turn-screw, drive lead screw 14 and driven screw 15 are sequentially connected, and the rotation of turn-screw drives driven 15 edge of screw Moving horizontally for seat rail 1, so that spot welding one by one is realized side by side by way of mobile spot welding device, without separately setting transmission Mechanism.
The spot welding of spot welding device: the pedestal 3 of the present apparatus, lower shake-changing arm 4, upper arm 5, small rocker 6, the rotation between soldering tip 7 are all To be driven by harmonic motor, can only two degrees of freedom in perpendicular rotation, therefore the machinery of the spot welding device The hand only rotation of two degrees of freedom in perpendicular.Because the rotation of two degrees of freedom is just able to satisfy automation point in perpendicular The needs of weldering will be far below multivariant manufacturing cost for the manufacturing cost of two degrees of freedom manipulator.Pass through this cost Low spot-welding mechanism realizes automation spot welding.
Application method:
Device is pushed into the spot welding work that origin carries out unit one, the servo motor of translation mechanism by starting servo motor It is connected with time controller by data line, time controller controls the dwell time T of translation mechanism movement, in T time section Soldering tip 7 carries out welding, after the completion of the spot welding work of unit one is by time T welding, time controller control translation Mechanism kinematic, which reruns, to go at second workpiece;There is corresponding light hole 8 at second workpiece, optical signal transmitter 9 is sent out Signal light out passes through light hole 8 and can be received by optical signal recipient 10;Translation mechanism is connect with photoelectric switching signal, and is passed through Optoelectronic switch controls the stopping of translation mechanism movement, and translation mechanism movement stops after optical signal recipient 10 receives signal light; Then the spot welding work of second workpiece is carried out.
For the principle of two degrees of freedom manipulator: pedestal 3 and 4 one end of lower shake-changing arm are controlled by first harmonic motor 11, under It is controlled between 5 one end of the Rocker arm 4 other end and upper arm by second harmonic motor 12,5 other end of upper arm passes through with 6 one end of small rocker Third harmonic motor 13 controls, and soldering tip 7 is arranged in 6 other end of small rocker.Pedestal 3, lower shake-changing arm 4, the upper arm 5, small rocker of the present apparatus 6, the rotation between soldering tip 7 is driven by harmonic motor, can only two degrees of freedom in perpendicular rotation.
Translation mechanism is screw-nut transmission mechanism, and screw-nut transmission mechanism includes servo motor, retarder, shaft coupling Device, drive lead screw 14, driven screw 15, the rotation of servo motor are able to drive the rotation of turn-screw, drive lead screw 14 with from Dynamic screw 15 is sequentially connected, and the rotation of turn-screw drives driven the moving horizontally along seat rail 1 of screw 15, to pass through movement The mode of spot welding device realizes side by side spot welding one by one, without separately setting transport mechanism.
In addition, weld cap 16 is arranged far from 5 one end of upper arm in small rocker 6, it is detachably equipped with soldering tip 7 on the weld cap 16, this is just Suitable soldering tip 7 can be selected to work according to actual welding needs.Sub-material area 17, sub-material are equipped at the top of the seat rail 1 Remove can to prevent work or the useless part and other essential tools etc. of welding.It is additionally provided with the shading being adapted with light hole 8 Plug 18, shading plug 18 can cover light hole 8, can be selected according to the welding of different workpieces between suitable light hole 8 Away from because the distance between two neighboring workpiece can increase for big workpiece, this it is necessary that two neighboring light hole 8 it Between distance to increase.

Claims (5)

1. Automated electronic spot welding device, it is characterised in that: including seat rail (1), translation mechanism, sliding rail (2), pedestal (3), under shake Arm (4), upper arm (5), small rocker (6), soldering tip (7);
Seat rail (1) two sides, which are equidistantly aligned, is equipped with multiple light holes (8);
The sliding rail (2) is slidably connected the top of present rail (1), and the sliding rail (2) is equipped with optoelectronic switch, the optoelectronic switch Optical signal transmitter (9) be located at the side of sliding rail (2), the optical signal recipient (10) of the optoelectronic switch is located at sliding rail (2) The other side, optical signal transmitter (9), optical signal recipient (10) are aligned setting, optical signal transmitter (9) with light hole (8) The signal light of sending passes through light hole (8) and can be received by optical signal recipient (10);
The translation mechanism is connect with photoelectric switching signal, and the stopping of translation mechanism movement is controlled by optoelectronic switch, light letter Translation mechanism movement stops after number recipient (10) receives signal light;The translation mechanism also data line connection having time control Device, the dwell time T of the time controller control translation mechanism movement, soldering tip (7) carries out welding in T time section, Time controller control translation mechanism movement is reruned after dwell time reaches T;
The pedestal (3) and lower shake-changing arm (4) one end are controlled by first harmonic motor (11), lower shake-changing arm (4) other end and It is controlled between upper arm (5) one end by second harmonic motor (12), upper arm (5) other end passes through with small rocker (6) one end Soldering tip (7) are arranged in third harmonic motor (13) control, small rocker (6) other end.
2. Automated electronic spot welding device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the translation mechanism is screw-nut biography Motivation structure, the screw-nut transmission mechanism include servo motor, retarder, shaft coupling, drive lead screw (14), driven screw (15), the servo motor output end is connect with retarder input terminal, and the output end of the retarder is connect with shaft coupling one end, The shaft coupling and turn-screw are sequentially connected, and the driven screw (15) is located at the bottom end of sliding rail (2), the turn-screw and Driven screw (15) transmission connection.
3. Automated electronic spot welding device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the small rocker (6) is far from upper arm (5) Weld cap (16) are arranged in one end, are detachably equipped with soldering tip (7) on the weld cap (16).
4. Automated electronic spot welding device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: be equipped with sub-material at the top of the seat rail (1) Area (17).
5. Automated electronic spot welding device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: be additionally provided with and be adapted with light hole (8) Shading plug (18).
CN201910252065.8A 2019-03-29 2019-03-29 Automated electronic spot welding device Pending CN109807445A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910252065.8A CN109807445A (en) 2019-03-29 2019-03-29 Automated electronic spot welding device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910252065.8A CN109807445A (en) 2019-03-29 2019-03-29 Automated electronic spot welding device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109807445A true CN109807445A (en) 2019-05-28

Family

ID=66610950

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910252065.8A Pending CN109807445A (en) 2019-03-29 2019-03-29 Automated electronic spot welding device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN109807445A (en)

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4273504A (en) * 1978-05-22 1981-06-16 Nissan Motor Company, Limited Industrial robot system capable of pressure applied machining operations
CN201254520Y (en) * 2008-06-11 2009-06-10 重庆市西南橡塑复合材料厂 Suspension type toughened glass production line
CN106041387A (en) * 2016-08-03 2016-10-26 嘉应学院 Industrial welding robot
CN106319595A (en) * 2016-10-21 2017-01-11 南京鸿发有色金属制造股份有限公司 Aluminum profile surface treatment bath solution stability control system and control method thereof
CN108247248A (en) * 2017-12-20 2018-07-06 成都正光恒电子科技有限责任公司 A kind of teaching welding robot based on computer control

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4273504A (en) * 1978-05-22 1981-06-16 Nissan Motor Company, Limited Industrial robot system capable of pressure applied machining operations
CN201254520Y (en) * 2008-06-11 2009-06-10 重庆市西南橡塑复合材料厂 Suspension type toughened glass production line
CN106041387A (en) * 2016-08-03 2016-10-26 嘉应学院 Industrial welding robot
CN106319595A (en) * 2016-10-21 2017-01-11 南京鸿发有色金属制造股份有限公司 Aluminum profile surface treatment bath solution stability control system and control method thereof
CN108247248A (en) * 2017-12-20 2018-07-06 成都正光恒电子科技有限责任公司 A kind of teaching welding robot based on computer control

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
《无线电》编辑部: "《无线电元器件精汇》", 30 April 2001, 人民邮电出版社 *

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN205834442U (en) There is the integral type pipe pipe automatic welding device of central through hole
CN104907693A (en) Automatic coupling welding device for three-body type coaxial photoelectronic device
CN102513676B (en) Automatic spot welding device
CN111360388B (en) Ultrasonic automatic welding production line for cables and terminals
CN105173721A (en) Pneumatic tongs for feeding and discharging of crankshafts
CN209647939U (en) A kind of tongue piece welder
CN105458442A (en) Automatic clamping feeding and automatic welding integrated device
CN109015711A (en) A kind of multi-function robot and intelligent production line
CN109807445A (en) Automated electronic spot welding device
CN112223325B (en) Manipulator and operation method thereof
CN205324967U (en) Two spot welding devices
CN210997015U (en) Automobile body projection welding workstation based on 2D vision guide
CN103317503B (en) Lifting rotation adjusting apparatus on a kind of mechanical hand and have its welding manipulator
CN105710496A (en) Double-station intelligent welding robot and control system thereof
CN105728910B (en) Full-automatic press fitting argon welding device
CN205147565U (en) Automatic equipment is got ready to welding machine
CN107999921A (en) Robot localization welder
CN209256092U (en) A kind of dedicated laser welder of cell p ack
CN213560995U (en) Welding and cutting machine
CN203418195U (en) Laser tin soldering device of micro-electronic circuit board
CN212217510U (en) Welding device for circuit board
CN203282047U (en) Automobile rear backrest thin wall laser beam welding apparatus
CN202586064U (en) Automatic tinning device
CN209110412U (en) A kind of self-feeding positioning welding equipment
CN214518052U (en) Automatic tin soldering device

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20190528