CN109659696A - Antenna, the regulating device for adjusting horizontal azimuth of antenna and transmission mechanism - Google Patents

Antenna, the regulating device for adjusting horizontal azimuth of antenna and transmission mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109659696A
CN109659696A CN201811543272.0A CN201811543272A CN109659696A CN 109659696 A CN109659696 A CN 109659696A CN 201811543272 A CN201811543272 A CN 201811543272A CN 109659696 A CN109659696 A CN 109659696A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotating
antenna
transmission
piece
nut piece
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201811543272.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN109659696B (en
Inventor
杨仲凯
林贤俊
游建军
肖飞
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Comba Telecom Technology Guangzhou Ltd
Jingxin RF Technology Guangzhou Co ltd
Original Assignee
Comba Telecom Technology Guangzhou Ltd
Comba Telecom System China Ltd
Comba Telecom Systems Guangzhou Co Ltd
Comba Telecom Systems Tianjin Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Comba Telecom Technology Guangzhou Ltd, Comba Telecom System China Ltd, Comba Telecom Systems Guangzhou Co Ltd, Comba Telecom Systems Tianjin Co Ltd filed Critical Comba Telecom Technology Guangzhou Ltd
Priority to CN201811543272.0A priority Critical patent/CN109659696B/en
Publication of CN109659696A publication Critical patent/CN109659696A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN109659696B publication Critical patent/CN109659696B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q3/00Arrangements for changing or varying the orientation or the shape of the directional pattern of the waves radiated from an antenna or antenna system
    • H01Q3/02Arrangements for changing or varying the orientation or the shape of the directional pattern of the waves radiated from an antenna or antenna system using mechanical movement of antenna or antenna system as a whole
    • H01Q3/04Arrangements for changing or varying the orientation or the shape of the directional pattern of the waves radiated from an antenna or antenna system using mechanical movement of antenna or antenna system as a whole for varying one co-ordinate of the orientation
    • H01Q3/06Arrangements for changing or varying the orientation or the shape of the directional pattern of the waves radiated from an antenna or antenna system using mechanical movement of antenna or antenna system as a whole for varying one co-ordinate of the orientation over a restricted angle
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16CSHAFTS; FLEXIBLE SHAFTS; ELEMENTS OR CRANKSHAFT MECHANISMS; ROTARY BODIES OTHER THAN GEARING ELEMENTS; BEARINGS
    • F16C29/00Bearings for parts moving only linearly
    • F16C29/004Fixing of a carriage or rail, e.g. rigid mounting to a support structure or a movable part
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H25/00Gearings comprising primarily only cams, cam-followers and screw-and-nut mechanisms
    • F16H25/18Gearings comprising primarily only cams, cam-followers and screw-and-nut mechanisms for conveying or interconverting oscillating or reciprocating motions
    • F16H25/20Screw mechanisms
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/12Supports; Mounting means
    • H01Q1/1207Supports; Mounting means for fastening a rigid aerial element
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H25/00Gearings comprising primarily only cams, cam-followers and screw-and-nut mechanisms
    • F16H25/18Gearings comprising primarily only cams, cam-followers and screw-and-nut mechanisms for conveying or interconverting oscillating or reciprocating motions
    • F16H25/20Screw mechanisms
    • F16H2025/2062Arrangements for driving the actuator
    • F16H2025/2075Coaxial drive motors

Abstract

Regulating device and transmission mechanism the invention discloses a kind of antenna, for adjusting horizontal azimuth of antenna, which includes mounting base;And transmission component, transmission component includes the screw rod rotatably installed in mounting base, the nut piece cooperated with screw spiral transmission and rotatably installs in the rotating member in mounting base, screw rod is able to drive nut piece and moves along the axis direction of screw rod, drive mechanism is equipped between nut piece and rotating member, nut piece is able to drive rotating member rotation by drive mechanism, and rotating member is equipped with first connecting portion.The transmission mechanism can be improved horizontal azimuth of antenna degree of regulation, improve aerial radiation directional precision;The regulating device uses above-mentioned transmission mechanism, can not depend on the artificial radiation orientation for carrying out remote adjusting antenna for base station, be convenient for later maintenance and adjustment;The antenna uses the adjusting that above-mentioned regulating device carries out horizontal azimuth, has preferably radiation bearing accuracy, and easy to maintain.

Description

Antenna, the regulating device for adjusting horizontal azimuth of antenna and transmission mechanism
Technical field
The present invention relates to mobile communication equipment technical field, more particularly to a kind of antenna, for adjusting antenna level orientation The regulating device and transmission mechanism at angle.
Background technique
With the rapid development of development of Mobile Internet technology, communications electronics product is more more and more universal, is also increasingly dependent on network Communication quality, it is desirable to which no matter orientation in office also can ensure that the unimpeded of communication.Thereby, it is ensured that aerial radiation direction accuracy is especially It is important, the accuracy in orientation is radiated, the communication quality in people's daily life is largely affected.
And the accuracy that horizontal azimuth of antenna is adjusted is very important to the distribution of the radiation areas of antenna.Currently, antenna The adjusting of horizontal azimuth rely primarily on and be manually adjusted and judge, the radiation direction error of antenna is easy bigger than normal, and nothing Method meets the remote radiation orientation for adjusting antenna for base station, and later maintenance and adjustment are more spent human and material resources.
Summary of the invention
Based on this, it is necessary to provide a kind of antenna, regulating device and transmission mechanism for adjusting horizontal azimuth of antenna; The transmission mechanism can be improved horizontal azimuth of antenna degree of regulation, improve aerial radiation directional precision;The regulating device uses Above-mentioned transmission mechanism, can not depend on it is artificial carry out the remote radiation orientation for adjusting antenna for base station, be convenient for later maintenance And adjustment;The antenna uses the adjusting that above-mentioned regulating device carries out horizontal azimuth, has preferably radiation bearing accuracy, and It is easy to maintain.
Its technical solution is as follows:
On the one hand, the application provides a kind of transmission mechanism, including mounting base;And transmission component, the transmission component include Rotatably install in the mounting base screw rod, with the nut piece of screw spiral transmission cooperation and rotatably install Rotating member in the mounting base, the screw rod are able to drive the nut piece and move along the axis direction of the screw rod, institute It states and is equipped with drive mechanism between nut piece and the rotating member, the nut piece is able to drive described turn by the drive mechanism Moving part rotation, the rotating member are equipped with the first connecting portion being fixedly connected with antenna body.
It, can be by being driven hand or with electric drive mechanism when above-mentioned transmission mechanism is applied to horizontal azimuth of antenna adjusting Dynamic screw rod rotation, and drive nut piece mobile, nut piece is able to drive the rotating member by the drive mechanism and rotates, in turn Antenna body rotation is driven, the adjustment of horizontal azimuth is carried out;During this, since the transmission ratio of screw rod and nut piece can be into Row selection can so calculate the rotational angle that nut piece drives rotating member rotation by the rotation angle of rotary screw, And then it is known that antenna being sized in level orientation upper angle.Subjectivity is sentenced when the transmission mechanism can be avoided manual adjustment Disconnected error, it is ensured that construction team is in the installing engineering of antenna, the control of the horizontal azimuth accuracy of antenna, improves communication matter Amount.
Technical solution is illustrated further below:
The drive mechanism includes sliding rail and the sliding block that is slidably matched with the sliding rail in one of the embodiments, institute State the motion track of sliding block and the cross-shaped state of motion track of the nut piece;The sliding rail is set on the rotating member, The sliding block is set on the nut piece;Or the sliding rail is set on the nut piece, the sliding block is set to described turn On moving part.
In one of the embodiments, the drive mechanism include the first sliding groove being opened on the rotating member and with set The first matching piece being placed on the nut piece, first matching piece are slidably matched with the first sliding groove, and described first The cross-shaped state of motion track of the motion track of matching piece and the nut piece;Or the drive mechanism is described including being opened in Second sliding slot on rotating member and with the second matching piece for being set on the nut piece, second matching piece and described second Sliding slot is slidably matched, and the cross-shaped state of motion track of the motion track of second matching piece and the nut piece.
First matching piece is cylindrical in one of the embodiments, and first matching piece is arranged with and can turn The inner wall rolling friction of dynamic bearing holder (housing, cover), the bearing holder (housing, cover) and the first sliding groove cooperates.
In one of the embodiments, the mounting base be equipped with can rotation connecting shaft, the connecting shaft and the rotation Part is fixedly connected, and the rotating member is enable to be rotated around the axis of the connecting shaft.
The transmission mechanism further includes fixed bracket in one of the embodiments, and the mounting base is fixed on the fixation On bracket.
The fixed branch is provided with driven subassembly in one of the embodiments, and the driven subassembly includes rotatably pacifying Driven shaft on the fixed bracket and with the spaced driven member of the rotating member, the driven member with it is described Driven shaft is fixedly connected, and the driven member is equipped with the second connecting portion being fixedly connected with the antenna body, the driven member Rotary centerline and the rotating member rotation centerline on the same line.
On the other hand, present invention also provides a kind of for adjusting the regulating device of horizontal azimuth of antenna, including above-mentioned Transmission mechanism, further include servo motor and controller, the output end of the servo motor is connect with the input terminal of the screw rod, The servo motor and the controller communicate to connect.
When above-mentioned regulating device carries out horizontal azimuth of antenna adjusting, communicated to connect by controller and servo motor, such as This can control the rotating cycle of the opening and closing of servo motor and the output end of servo motor by controller, be driven using servo motor Dynamic screw rod rotation, and nut piece is driven, nut piece is able to drive the rotating member by the drive mechanism and rotates, and then drives Antenna body rotation, carries out the adjustment of horizontal azimuth;During this, since the transmission ratio of screw rod and nut piece can be selected It selects, the rotational angle that nut piece drives rotating member rotation can be so calculated by the rotation angle of rotary screw, in turn The how many circle numbers of the rotation for controlling servo motor output end by controller can calculate antenna capable of adjusting angle in level orientation upper angle It is sized.Thus the close radiation direction and range ideally for making antenna is adjusted by simple electricity, make people side entirely Position can improve communication quality convenient for receiving good signal.Remote adjusting antenna for base station is carried out simultaneously convenient for operator Radiation orientation, be convenient for later maintenance and adjustment, can so greatly save manpower and material resources.
Technical solution is illustrated further below:
The regulating device further includes turn for detecting the turbine or the antenna body in one of the embodiments, The detecting element of dynamic angle, the detecting element and the controller communicate to connect.
On the other hand, it further includes antenna body that present invention also provides a kind of antennas including above-mentioned regulating device, institute Antenna body is stated rotatably to install by the output shaft in the mounting base.
The antenna uses the adjusting that above-mentioned regulating device carries out horizontal azimuth, has preferably radiation bearing accuracy, And it is easy to maintain.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the regulating device in an embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the structural blast schematic diagram of regulating device shown in FIG. 1;
Fig. 3 is the partial enlargement diagram of regulating device shown in FIG. 1;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of transmission component shown in Fig. 2;
Fig. 5 is the perspective view of the explosion of transmission component shown in Fig. 4.
Description of symbols:
10, transmission mechanism, 100, mounting base, 110, connecting shaft, the 102, first pedestal, the 104, second pedestal, 106, third Pedestal, 200, transmission component, 210, screw rod, 212, input terminal, 220, nut piece, the 222, first matching piece, 224, bearing holder (housing, cover), 230, rotating member, 232, first connecting portion, 234, first sliding groove, 300, fixed bracket, 400, driven subassembly, 410, driven shaft, 420, driven member, 422, second connecting portion, 20, antenna body, 30, servo motor.
Specific embodiment
To make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the present invention more comprehensible, below in conjunction with attached drawing and specific embodiment party Formula, the present invention is further described in detail.It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are only to solve The present invention is released, and the scope of protection of the present invention is not limited.
It should be noted that when element is referred to as " being fixed on ", " being set to ", " being fixedly arranged on " or " install in " another yuan Part, it can directly on the other element or there may also be elements placed in the middle.When an element is considered as " connection " Another element, it can be directly to another element or may be simultaneously present centering elements.Further, when one A element is considered as " fixed conveyor connection " another element, and the two can be the fixation of detachable connection method, can also be with The fixation of non-dismountable connection can be realized power transmitting, such as is socketed, clamping, is integrally formed fixed, welding, now Having in technology may be implemented, no longer burdensome herein.When element and another element are mutually perpendicular to or both near normal refers to Perfect condition is vertical, but the influence because manufacturing and assembling, and there may be certain vertical errors.Term as used herein "vertical", "horizontal", "left" and "right" and similar statement for illustrative purposes only, are not offered as being unique Embodiment.
Unless otherwise defined, all technical and scientific terms used herein and belong to technical field of the invention The normally understood meaning of technical staff is identical.Term as used herein in the specification of the present invention is intended merely to description tool The purpose of the embodiment of body, it is not intended that in the limitation present invention.Term " and or " used herein includes one or more Any and all combinations of relevant listed item.
" first ", " second " involved in the present invention do not represent specific quantity and sequence, are only used for the area of title Point.
As shown in figure 3, the transmission mechanism 10 includes mounting base 100;And transmission component 200, transmission component 200 include that can turn It moves the screw rod 210 installed in mounting base 100, the nut piece 220 cooperated with 210 worm drive of screw rod and rotatably installs In the rotating member 230 in mounting base 100, screw rod 210 is able to drive nut piece 220 and moves along the axis direction of screw rod 210, nut It is equipped with drive mechanism (not indicating) between part 220 and rotating member 230, nut piece 220 is able to drive rotating member by drive mechanism 230 rotations, rotating member 230 are equipped with the first connecting portion 232 being fixedly connected with antenna body 20.
It as shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, can be by manual when above-mentioned transmission mechanism 10 is applied to horizontal azimuth of antenna adjusting Or rotated using electric drive mechanism driving screw rod 210, and drive nut piece 220 mobile, nut piece 220 can by drive mechanism It drives rotating member 230 to rotate, and then antenna body 20 is driven to rotate, carry out the adjustment of horizontal azimuth;During this, due to spiral shell Bar 210 and the transmission ratio of nut piece 220 can be selected, and can so be calculated by the rotation angle of rotary screw 210 The rotational angle that nut piece 220 drives rotating member 230 to rotate out, and then it is known that antenna in the adjustment of level orientation upper angle Size.The error of subjective judgement when the transmission mechanism 10 can be avoided manual adjustment, it is ensured that installing engineering of the construction team in antenna In, the control of the horizontal azimuth accuracy of antenna improves communication quality.
Specifically, automatically controlled driving mechanism or can be manually rotated mechanism input rotary motion and torque drive screw rod 210 rotate, Since screw rod 210 and nut piece 220 have mechanical spiral transmission effect;When screw rod 210 rotates by a certain angle γ, nut piece 220 move along a straight line a certain distance L simultaneously, and the linear motion distance L of nut piece 220 passes through drive mechanism band turn simultaneously Moving part 230 rotates through an angle ω, and antenna can be rotated with the rotation of screw rod 210, when antenna level orientation reaches pre- Square parallactic angle that can be completed of the position of choosing is accurately adjusted.
The electric drive mechanism can be the existing rotating power equipments such as servo motor 30, rotating hydraulic cylinder.
On the basis of the above embodiments, drive mechanism includes sliding rail (not indicating) and the sliding block that is slidably matched with sliding rail (not indicating), the motion track of sliding block and the cross-shaped state of motion track of nut piece 220;Sliding rail is set on rotating member 230, Sliding block is set on nut piece 220.It so can use sliding block rocking bar principle, the linear motion of nut piece 220 be converted into rotating 230 rotary motion of part;The conversion for being carried out power using sliding track mechanism simultaneously, can be improved power conversion accuracy and is convenient for Combination installation.
Specifically, when screw rod 210 rotates, nut piece 220 is pushed to move along a straight line;Wherein the lateral wall of nut piece 220 can With direct or indirect installation sliding block, so that the length direction with movable slider along sliding rail moves in a straight line;At this point, due to sliding block The cross-shaped state of motion track of motion track and nut piece 220, and sliding block is slidably matched with sliding rail, sliding rail is fixed on rotation again On part 230, and rotating member 230 can rotate, and then sliding block is in the process of moving, while rotating member 230 being pushed to be moved. It can control the rotation of antenna in this way, to reach the horizontal azimuth of adjustment antenna.
Equally, drive mechanism includes sliding rail and the sliding block that is slidably matched with sliding rail, the motion track and nut piece of sliding block The cross-shaped state of 220 motion track, sliding rail are set on nut piece 220, and sliding block is set on rotating member 230.So also can The linear motion of nut piece 220 is converted into the rotary motion of rotating member 230, specific motion process can refer to an embodiment Description, details are not described herein.
As shown in Figures 3 to 5, specific in the present embodiment, drive mechanism includes that first be opened on rotating member 230 is slided Slot 234 and with the first matching piece 222 for being set on nut piece 220, the first matching piece 222 is slidably matched with first sliding groove 234, And first matching piece 222 motion track and nut piece 220 the cross-shaped state of motion track.It so can use first sliding groove 234 and first matching piece 222 cooperate, in conjunction with sliding block rocking bar principle, the linear motion of nut piece 220 is converted into rotating member 230 and is revolved Transhipment is dynamic.
Specifically, when screw rod 210 rotates, nut piece 220 is pushed to move along a straight line;Wherein the lateral wall of nut piece 220 can With the first direct or indirect matching piece 222, so that the first sliding block be driven to do straight line fortune along the length direction of first sliding groove 234 It is dynamic;At this point, due to the motion track of the first matching piece 222 and the cross-shaped state of motion track of nut piece 220, and the first cooperation Part 222 is compressed with first sliding groove 234 and is slidably matched, which opens up on rotating member 230 again, and rotating member 230 can Rotation, and then the first matching piece 222 is in the process of moving, while rotating member 230 being pushed to be moved.In this way may be used To control the rotation of antenna, to reach the horizontal azimuth of adjustment antenna.First sliding groove 234 and the first matching piece 222 simultaneously The rotational angle of rotating member 230 can be limited, starting point and terminal is rotated convenient for setting rotating member 230, is conducive to control program It writes.
Equally, in another embodiment, drive mechanism includes that the second sliding slot being opened on rotating member 230 (is not shown Out) and with the second matching piece (not shown) for being set on nut piece 220, the second matching piece is slidably matched with second sliding slot, and The motion track of second matching piece and the cross-shaped state of motion track of nut piece 220.It so also can be by the straight line of nut piece 220 Movement is converted into the rotary motion of rotating member 230.
In this embodiment, the central axis of the first sliding groove 234 is in the motion track of nut piece 220, in turn When nut piece 220 is moved, bigger thrust can produce, rotating member 230 is pushed to rotate.
As shown in figure 5, further, the first matching piece 222 is cylindrical, and the first matching piece 222 is arranged with and can be rotated Bearing holder (housing, cover) 224, the inner wall rolling friction of bearing holder (housing, cover) 224 and first sliding groove 234 cooperates.So the is realized using bearing holder (housing, cover) 224 One matching piece 222 and the rolling friction of first sliding groove 234 cooperate, and reduce deterioration, improve the reliability of this transmission mechanism 10.
As shown in Fig. 2, based on any of the above embodiments, the mounting base 100 be equipped with can rotation connecting shaft 110, the connecting shaft 110 is fixedly connected with the rotating member 230130, enables the rotating member 230130 around the connection The axis of axis 110 is rotated.It so can use the rotation connection that connecting shaft 110 realizes rotating member 230130, further mention The high installation of rotating member 230130 ground convenience.
As shown in Figures 1 and 2, based on any of the above embodiments, which further includes fixed bracket 300, mounting base 100 is fixed on fixed bracket 300, and antenna body 20 is rotatably set to fixed bracket by mounting base 100 On 300.And then mounting base 100 can be vacantly set on fixed bracket 300, while antenna body 20 passes through mounting base 100 Also hanging setting, convenient for the adjustment of horizontal azimuth.
Further, fixed bracket 300 is equipped with fixed bracket 300 and is equipped with driven subassembly 400, and driven subassembly 400 includes can Rotation install on fixed bracket 300 driven shaft 410 and with the spaced driven member 420 of rotating member 230, driven member 420 are fixedly connected with driven shaft 410, and driven member 420 is equipped with the second connecting portion 422 being fixedly connected with antenna body 20, from The rotation centerline of the rotary centerline of moving part 420 and rotating member 230 is on the same line.So using driven subassembly 400 come The weight and wind load bring external force of off-load antenna body 20, and driven member 420 is solely subjected to force of rolling friction and sub-fraction Reliability and accuracy that the level orientation of antenna body 20 is adjusted can be improved in torque.
The mounting base 100, which can be integrally formed, to be fabricated, and can also be formed by fixedly connecting by multiple pedestals.This is specific In embodiment, which includes the first pedestal 102 for installing screw rod 210 and nut, for connecting rotating member 230 The second pedestal 104 and the third pedestal 106 that is fixed on fixed bracket 300, the first pedestal 102 and the second pedestal 104 are It is fixed on the second pedestal 104.Modularization assembling can be so carried out, the system for improving efficiency and reducing mounting base 100 is conducive to Make difficulty.
As shown in Figures 1 and 2, regulating device for being used to adjust horizontal azimuth of antenna, including above-mentioned transmission mechanism 10, it further include servo motor 30 and controller (not shown), the input terminal 212122 of the output end and screw rod 210 of servo motor 30 Connection, servo motor 30 and controller communicate to connect.
When above-mentioned regulating device carries out horizontal azimuth of antenna adjusting, communicated to connect by controller and servo motor 30, The rotating cycle that the opening and closing of servo motor 30 and the output end of servo motor 30 can be so controlled by controller, utilizes servo Motor 30 drives screw rod 210 to rotate, and drives nut piece 220, and nut piece 220 is able to drive rotating member 230 by drive mechanism Rotation, and then antenna body 20 is driven to rotate, carry out the adjustment of horizontal azimuth;During this, due to screw rod 210 and nut piece 220 transmission ratio can be selected, and so can calculate 220 band of nut piece by the rotation angle of rotary screw 210 The rotational angle that turn moving part 230 rotates, and then how much number is enclosed i.e. by the rotation that controller controls 30 output end of servo motor Antenna capable of adjusting angle being sized in level orientation upper angle can be calculated.Thus adjusted by simple electricity make antenna close to perfect condition Under radiation direction and range, make people are comprehensive can improve communication quality convenient for receiving good signal.Simultaneously just The remote radiation orientation for adjusting antenna for base station is carried out in operator, is convenient for later maintenance and adjustment, can so greatly save Manpower and material resources.
On the basis of the above embodiments, which further includes for detecting turbine 130 or antenna body 2020 The detecting element (not shown) of rotational angle, detecting element and controller communicate to connect.So it is convenient for passing through detecting element understanding The position of nut piece 220 or antenna body 20, the position of nut piece 220 easy to adjustment in time.The concrete mode of the detecting element It can be achieved by the prior art, such as Machine Vision Detection element, displacement detecting element, details are not described herein.
The controller can be the control equipment such as integrated computer, motion control card, PLC controller, with servo motor 30 Control principle may be implemented in the prior art, and details are not described herein.
The regulating device module design, it can realize modular assembly;Standardization easy to accomplish, Automated assembly;I.e. Raising assembly efficiency is improved, manufacturing cost is reduced.
In another embodiment, the antenna further includes antenna body 20, antenna body 20 including above-mentioned regulating device It is rotatably installed by output shaft in mounting base 100.
The antenna uses the adjusting that above-mentioned regulating device carries out horizontal azimuth, has preferably radiation bearing accuracy, And it is easy to maintain.
Each technical characteristic of embodiment described above can be combined arbitrarily, for simplicity of description, not to above-mentioned reality It applies all possible combination of each technical characteristic in example to be all described, as long as however, the combination of these technical characteristics is not deposited In contradiction, all should be considered as described in this specification.
The embodiments described above only express several embodiments of the present invention, and the description thereof is more specific and detailed, but simultaneously It cannot therefore be construed as limiting the scope of the patent.It should be pointed out that coming for those of ordinary skill in the art It says, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, various modifications and improvements can be made, these belong to protection of the invention Range.Therefore, the scope of protection of the patent of the invention shall be subject to the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of transmission mechanism characterized by comprising
Mounting base;And
Transmission component, the transmission component include that the screw rod rotatably installed in the mounting base and the screw spiral pass It moves the nut piece of cooperation and rotatably installs in the rotating member in the mounting base, the screw rod is able to drive the nut Part is moved along the axis direction of the screw rod, and drive mechanism, the nut piece are equipped between the nut piece and the rotating member It is able to drive the rotating member rotation by the drive mechanism, the rotating member is equipped with first be fixedly connected with antenna body Interconnecting piece.
2. transmission mechanism according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the drive mechanism include sliding rail and with the sliding rail The sliding block being slidably matched, the cross-shaped state of motion track of the motion track of the sliding block and the nut piece;The sliding rail is set It is placed on the rotating member, the sliding block is set on the nut piece;Or the sliding rail is set on the nut piece, it is described Sliding block is set on the rotating member.
3. transmission mechanism according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the drive mechanism includes being opened in the rotating member On first sliding groove and with the first matching piece for being set on the nut piece, first matching piece and the first sliding groove are sliding Dynamic cooperation, and the cross-shaped state of motion track of the motion track of first matching piece and the nut piece;Or the transmission Structure include the second sliding slot being opened on the rotating member and with the second matching piece for being set on the nut piece, described Two matching pieces are slidably matched with the second sliding slot, and the moving rail of the motion track of second matching piece and the nut piece The cross-shaped state of mark.
4. transmission mechanism according to claim 2, which is characterized in that first matching piece is cylindrical, and described One matching piece is arranged with rotatable bearing holder (housing, cover), and the inner wall rolling friction of the bearing holder (housing, cover) and the first sliding groove cooperates.
5. transmission mechanism according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the mounting base be equipped with can rotation connecting shaft, institute It states connecting shaft to be fixedly connected with the rotating member, the rotating member is enable to be rotated around the axis of the connecting shaft.
6. transmission mechanism according to any one of claims 1 to 5, which is characterized in that further include fixed bracket, the installation Seat is fixed on the fixed bracket.
7. transmission mechanism according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the fixed branch is provided with driven subassembly, it is described from Dynamic component includes the driven shaft rotatably installed on the fixed bracket and spaced driven with the rotating member Part, the driven member are fixedly connected with the driven shaft, and the driven member is equipped with the be fixedly connected with the antenna body The rotation centerline of two interconnecting pieces, the rotary centerline of the driven member and the rotating member is on the same line.
8. a kind of for adjusting the regulating device of horizontal azimuth of antenna, which is characterized in that any including such as claim 1 to 7 Transmission mechanism described in, further includes servo motor and controller, the input of the output end of the servo motor and the screw rod End connection, the servo motor and the controller communicate to connect.
9. regulating device according to claim 8, which is characterized in that further include for detecting the rotating member or the day The detecting element of the rotational angle of line ontology, the detecting element and the controller communicate to connect.
10. a kind of antenna, which is characterized in that it further include antenna body including regulating device as claimed in claim 8 or 9, institute Antenna body is stated rotatably to install by the driven member in the mounting base.
CN201811543272.0A 2018-12-17 2018-12-17 Antenna, adjusting device for adjusting horizontal azimuth angle of antenna and transmission mechanism Active CN109659696B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811543272.0A CN109659696B (en) 2018-12-17 2018-12-17 Antenna, adjusting device for adjusting horizontal azimuth angle of antenna and transmission mechanism

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811543272.0A CN109659696B (en) 2018-12-17 2018-12-17 Antenna, adjusting device for adjusting horizontal azimuth angle of antenna and transmission mechanism
PCT/CN2019/090788 WO2020124961A1 (en) 2018-12-17 2019-06-11 Antenna, adjusting apparatus for adjusting horizontal azimuth angle of antenna, and transmission mechanism

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CN109659696A true CN109659696A (en) 2019-04-19
CN109659696B CN109659696B (en) 2020-07-07

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WO (1) WO2020124961A1 (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110649367A (en) * 2019-09-23 2020-01-03 深圳国人通信技术服务有限公司 Antenna mounting structure in elevator shaft
WO2020124961A1 (en) * 2018-12-17 2020-06-25 京信通信技术(广州)有限公司 Antenna, adjusting apparatus for adjusting horizontal azimuth angle of antenna, and transmission mechanism
WO2021115139A1 (en) * 2019-12-10 2021-06-17 王繁 Electrically controlled antenna adjustment system

Citations (7)

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