CN109654465B - Top combustion type steam generator - Google Patents

Top combustion type steam generator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109654465B
CN109654465B CN201910061051.8A CN201910061051A CN109654465B CN 109654465 B CN109654465 B CN 109654465B CN 201910061051 A CN201910061051 A CN 201910061051A CN 109654465 B CN109654465 B CN 109654465B
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Prior art keywords
box
collecting
plate
cylinder
air inlet
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CN201910061051.8A
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CN109654465A (en
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不公告发明人
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Sixian zhilai Machinery Technology Co., Ltd
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Sixian Zhilai Machinery Technology Co Ltd
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F22STEAM GENERATION
    • F22BMETHODS OF STEAM GENERATION; STEAM BOILERS
    • F22B1/00Methods of steam generation characterised by form of heating method
    • F22B1/22Methods of steam generation characterised by form of heating method using combustion under pressure substantially exceeding atmospheric pressure
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D50/00Combinations of methods or devices for separating particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D50/20Combinations of devices covered by groups B01D45/00 and B01D46/00
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES 
    • F23J15/00Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes
    • F23J15/06Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes of coolers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E20/00Combustion technologies with mitigation potential
    • Y02E20/30Technologies for a more efficient combustion or heat usage

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of steam generators, in particular to a top combustion type steam generator, which comprises a cylinder, an air inlet mechanism, a filtering mechanism, a waste heat utilization mechanism, a sealing mechanism, an evaporation mechanism, a reset mechanism and a collection mechanism, wherein the cylinder is provided with a cylinder body; the top end of the cylinder is provided with the air inlet mechanism, the filtering mechanism is arranged between the bottom end of the cylinder and the waste heat utilization mechanism, when gas is combusted in the cylinder through the air inlet mechanism, most of heat generated by combustion of the gas enters the evaporation mechanism, part of heat moves downwards in the cylinder along with waste gas, the waste gas penetrates through the filtering mechanism and enters the bottom end of the waste heat utilization mechanism, the waste gas moves upwards in the waste heat utilization mechanism, the waste gas moves in a zigzag mode in the waste heat utilization mechanism, the heat in the waste gas is absorbed by the waste heat utilization mechanism, and a large amount of heat is prevented from being dissipated and entering air; the collecting mechanism is arranged inside the filtering mechanism, a large amount of dust inside the waste gas is blocked by the filtering mechanism, and the dust falls to the top surface of the collecting mechanism for collection.

Description

Top combustion type steam generator
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of steam generators, in particular to a top combustion type steam generator.
Background
Steam generators are mechanical devices that use the heat energy of a fuel or other energy source to heat water into hot water or steam. The boiler is a water container heated on fire, the furnace is a place where fuel is combusted, and the boiler comprises a boiler and a furnace.
A large amount of waste gases are generated in the process of using the steam generator, the waste gases are directly discharged from the inside of the steam generator, but the waste gases contain a large amount of heat, the waste gases are directly discharged into the air, the temperature of the air is increased when the heat is dissipated into the air, and the environment is polluted. In view of this, the present invention provides a top-fired steam generator having the following features:
according to the top combustion type steam generator, the air inlet mechanism is installed at the top end of the barrel, the evaporation mechanism is installed inside the barrel, the filtering mechanism is installed between the bottom end of the barrel and the waste heat utilization mechanism, when fuel gas is combusted inside the barrel through the air inlet mechanism, most of heat generated by combustion of the fuel gas enters the evaporation mechanism, a part of heat moves downwards along with waste gas inside the barrel, the waste gas penetrates through the filtering mechanism and enters the bottom end of the waste heat utilization mechanism, the waste gas moves upwards inside the waste heat utilization mechanism, the waste gas moves in a zigzag mode inside the waste heat utilization mechanism, the heat inside the waste gas is absorbed by the inside of the waste heat utilization mechanism, heat is collected, and a large amount of heat is prevented from being emitted into.
(2) According to the top combustion type steam generator, the sealing mechanism is arranged on the side wall of the filtering mechanism, the collecting mechanism is arranged inside the filtering mechanism, waste gas moves inside the filtering mechanism, a large amount of dust in the waste gas is blocked by the filtering mechanism, the dust falls to the top surface of the collecting mechanism, the sealing mechanism is opened in a rotating mode, the inside of the filtering mechanism is opened, the collecting mechanism is convenient to take out, and the dust is convenient to clean.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the problems in the prior art, the invention provides a top combustion type steam generator, wherein an air inlet mechanism is arranged at the top end of a cylinder, an evaporation mechanism is arranged in the cylinder, a filtering mechanism is arranged between the bottom end of the cylinder and a waste heat utilization mechanism, when fuel gas is combusted in the cylinder through the air inlet mechanism, most of the heat generated by combustion of the fuel gas enters the evaporation mechanism, a part of the heat moves downwards along with waste gas in the cylinder, the waste gas penetrates through the filtering mechanism and enters the bottom end of the waste heat utilization mechanism, the waste gas moves upwards in the waste heat utilization mechanism, the waste gas moves in a zigzag manner in the waste heat utilization mechanism, the heat in the waste gas is absorbed by the waste heat utilization mechanism to collect the heat, so that a large amount of heat is prevented from being dissipated into the air, a sealing mechanism is arranged on the side wall of the filtering mechanism, a collecting mechanism is, a large amount of dust in the waste gas is blocked by the filtering mechanism, so that the dust falls on the top surface of the collecting mechanism, the sealing mechanism is opened in a rotating mode, the inside of the filtering mechanism is opened, the collecting mechanism is conveniently taken out, and the dust is convenient to clean.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: a top combustion type steam generator comprises a cylinder, an air inlet mechanism, a filtering mechanism, a waste heat utilization mechanism, a sealing mechanism, an evaporation mechanism, a reset mechanism and a collection mechanism; the top end of the cylinder body is provided with the air inlet mechanism, and the evaporation mechanism is arranged in the cylinder body; the bottom end of the cylinder body is provided with the filtering mechanism, one end of the filtering mechanism is communicated with the bottom end of the waste heat utilization mechanism, and the side walls of the filtering mechanism are symmetrically provided with the sealing mechanism; the internal rotation of the filtering mechanism is connected with the collecting mechanism, and the internal rotation of the collecting mechanism is connected with the resetting mechanism.
Specifically, the air inlet mechanism comprises a fan, a connecting pipe, an air inlet pipe and a baffle plate, the air inlet pipe is installed at the top end of the cylinder, the fan is installed on the side wall of the cylinder, the air inlet pipe is installed at one end of the fan, and one end of the air inlet pipe is installed inside the air inlet pipe; the inner side wall of the air inlet pipe is provided with the arc-shaped baffle.
Specifically, the evaporation mechanism comprises a communicating pipe, a supporting rod and fixing rings, the fixing rings are arranged in the barrel body at equal intervals, and the fixing rings are fixed on the inner side wall of the barrel body through the supporting rod; adjacent crisscross distribution installation between the solid fixed ring communicating pipe, just gu fixed ring's diameter along the both ends of barrel to the inside department placed in the middle of the barrel increases in proper order.
Specifically, the filtering mechanism comprises a first box body, a second box body, two filter screens, a first partition plate and a second partition plate, the first box body is installed at the bottom end of the cylinder, and the top end of the first box body is clamped with the second box body; the inside slope of top of second box installs one the filter screen with the second baffle, the bottom fixed connection of filter screen first baffle, another is installed to the bottom of second baffle the filter screen, the bottom of first baffle and another the bottom of filter screen is contradicted the inside wall of first box.
Specifically, the waste heat utilization mechanism comprises a collecting barrel, a fixed box and a fixed rod, wherein the collecting barrel is installed at one end of the first box body, the inner symmetrical installation side walls of the collecting barrel are arc-shaped, the fixed box is installed between the fixed boxes, and the fixed rod is installed between the fixed boxes.
The sealing mechanism comprises a screw, a spongy cushion, a connecting plate, a rubber pad, a rubber block and a fixing block, the spongy cushion and the connecting plate are installed at the joint of the first box body and the second box body, the connecting plate is attached to the spongy cushion, the spongy cushion is installed inside two ends of the second box body, and the connecting plate is fixed on the side wall of the second box body; the first box with the lateral wall symmetry installation of second box the fixed block is located first box lateral wall the top inside symmetry installation lateral wall of fixed block is curved the rubber block is located the second box lateral wall the inside symmetry installation in bottom of fixed block the rubber pad, the sectional area is the ball shape the rubber pad with the inside sliding connection of rubber block, the screw rod with threaded connection between the inside of fixed block.
Specifically, the collecting mechanism comprises a blanking plate, a first collecting plate and a second collecting plate, the first collecting plate is mounted at one end of the filter screen positioned in the first box body, and the second collecting plate is mounted at the bottom end of the first partition plate; one end of the second collecting plate is rotatably connected with the blanking plate, and the blanking plate abuts against the side wall of the first collecting plate.
Specifically, the reset mechanism comprises a connecting sleeve, a convex block, a torsion spring, a connecting ring and a rotating shaft, one end of the second collecting plate is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft, and the side wall of the rotating shaft is rotatably connected with the connecting sleeve; the connecting part of the connecting sleeve and the rotating shaft is provided with the semicircular lug, and one end of the connecting sleeve is fixedly connected with the blanking plate; the side wall of the rotating shaft is fixedly connected with the connecting ring, the two ends of the rotating shaft are symmetrically sleeved with the torsion spring, and the two ends of the torsion spring are respectively and fixedly connected with the connecting sleeve and the connecting ring.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
(1) according to the top combustion type steam generator, the air inlet mechanism is installed at the top end of the barrel, the evaporation mechanism is installed inside the barrel, the filtering mechanism is installed between the bottom end of the barrel and the waste heat utilization mechanism, when fuel gas is combusted inside the barrel through the air inlet mechanism, most of heat generated by combustion of the fuel gas enters the evaporation mechanism, a part of heat moves downwards along with waste gas inside the barrel, the waste gas penetrates through the filtering mechanism and enters the bottom end of the waste heat utilization mechanism, the waste gas moves upwards inside the waste heat utilization mechanism, the waste gas moves in a zigzag mode inside the waste heat utilization mechanism, the heat inside the waste gas is absorbed by the inside of the waste heat utilization mechanism, heat is collected, and a large amount of heat is prevented from being emitted into.
(2) According to the top combustion type steam generator, the sealing mechanism is arranged on the side wall of the filtering mechanism, the collecting mechanism is arranged inside the filtering mechanism, waste gas moves inside the filtering mechanism, a large amount of dust in the waste gas is blocked by the filtering mechanism, the dust falls to the top surface of the collecting mechanism, the sealing mechanism is opened in a rotating mode, the inside of the filtering mechanism is opened, the collecting mechanism is convenient to take out, and the dust is convenient to clean.
Drawings
The invention is further illustrated with reference to the following figures and examples.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a preferred embodiment of a top combustion steam generator according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the cartridge shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of the structure at A shown in FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the reset mechanism shown in FIG. 3;
fig. 5 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the filter mechanism and the sealing mechanism shown in fig. 1.
In the figure: 1. the device comprises a cylinder body, 2, an air inlet mechanism, 21, a fan, 22, a connecting pipe, 23, an air inlet pipe, 24, a baffle plate, 3, a filtering mechanism, 31, a first box body, 32, a second box body, 33, a filter screen, 34, a first clapboard, 35, a second clapboard, 4, a waste heat collecting mechanism, 41, a collecting cylinder, 42, a fixed box, 43, a fixed rod, 5, a sealing mechanism, 51, a screw rod, 52, a sponge pad, 53, a connecting plate, 54, a rubber pad, 55, a rubber block, 56, a fixed block, 6, an evaporation mechanism, 61, a communicating pipe, 62, a supporting rod, 63, a fixed ring, 7, a reset mechanism, 71, a connecting sleeve, 72, a lug, 73, a torsion spring, 74, a connecting ring, 75, a rotating shaft, 8, a collecting mechanism, 81, a blanking plate, 82, a first collecting plate, 83 and a second.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement purposes and the effects of the invention easy to understand, the invention is further described with the specific embodiments.
As shown in fig. 1-5, the top combustion type steam generator according to the present invention comprises a barrel 1, an air inlet mechanism 2, a filtering mechanism 3, a waste heat utilization mechanism 4, a sealing mechanism 5, an evaporation mechanism 6, a reset mechanism 7 and a collection mechanism 8; the top end of the cylinder body 1 is provided with the air inlet mechanism 2, and the evaporation mechanism 6 is arranged in the cylinder body 1; the filtering mechanism 3 is arranged at the bottom end of the barrel 1, one end of the filtering mechanism 3 is communicated with the bottom end of the waste heat utilization mechanism 4, and the sealing mechanisms 5 are symmetrically arranged on the side walls of the filtering mechanism 3; the internal rotation of filtering mechanism 3 is connected collection mechanism 8, just the internal rotation of collection mechanism 8 is connected canceling release mechanical system 7.
Specifically, the air inlet mechanism 2 comprises a fan 21, a connecting pipe 22, an air inlet pipe 23 and a baffle 24, the air inlet pipe 23 is installed at the top end of the cylinder 1, the fan 21 is installed on the side wall of the cylinder 1, the air inlet pipe 23 is installed at one end of the fan 21, and one end of the air inlet pipe 23 is installed inside the air inlet pipe 23; the curved baffle 24 of intake pipe 23's inside wall installation is in order to pass through the gas intake pipe 23 lets in the inside top of barrel 1, simultaneously fan 21 rotates, with the air suction the inside of intake pipe 23, the air passes through intake pipe 23 gets into the inside and the lateral wall of intake pipe 23 are curved baffle 24 contacts, and the air is in the lateral wall lapse of baffle 24 gets into together with the gas the inside of barrel 1 makes things convenient for the gas to be in the inside burning of barrel 1.
Specifically, the evaporation mechanism 6 comprises a communicating pipe 61, a supporting rod 62 and fixing rings 63, the fixing rings 63 are installed in the cylinder 1 at equal intervals, and the fixing rings 63 are fixed on the inner side wall of the cylinder 1 through the supporting rod 62; in order to facilitate fixing of the fixing rings 63 inside the barrel 1, the communicating pipes 61 are installed between the adjacent fixing rings 63 in a staggered manner, in order to facilitate mutual flowing of water inside the fixing rings 63, when gas is combusted at the top end of the barrel 1, the fixing rings 63 absorb the heat emitted, and the diameters of the fixing rings 63 are sequentially increased from two ends of the barrel 1 to the center inside the barrel 1, so that the fixing rings 63 are in uniform contact with the combusted gas, and most of the heat is absorbed by the fixing rings 63.
Specifically, the filtering mechanism 3 includes a first box 31, a second box 32, two filtering nets 33, a first partition 34 and a second partition 35, the first box 31 is installed at the bottom end of the cylinder 1, and the top end of the first box 31 is clamped with the second box 32; the second casing 32 has a filter net 33 and a second partition 35 installed therein at an inclined position at the top thereof, the bottom end of the filter screen 33 is fixedly connected with the first clapboard 34, the bottom end of the second clapboard 35 is provided with another filter screen 33, the bottom end of the first partition plate 35 and the bottom end of the other filter screen 33 abut against the inner side wall of the first tank 31, in order to prevent the exhaust gas from moving downwards in the cylinder 1 to enter between the first box 31 and the second box 32, the exhaust gas contacts the second partition 35 first, the exhaust gas slides downwards on the side wall of the second partition 35 to penetrate through the filter net 33 and contact the first partition 34, the exhaust gas slides upwards on the side wall of the first partition 34 to penetrate through the other filter net 33, the filter net 33 filters the exhaust gas for multiple times, and the exhaust gas meanders to deposit dust inside the exhaust gas on the side walls of the first partition 34 and the second partition 35.
Specifically, the waste heat utilization mechanism 4 includes a collecting cylinder 41, a fixing box 42 and a fixing rod 43, the collecting cylinder 41 is installed at one end of the first box 31, the fixing box 42 with arc-shaped side walls is symmetrically installed inside the collecting cylinder 41, the fixing rod 43 is installed between the fixing boxes 42, in order to facilitate the exhaust gas for removing dust to enter the inside of the collecting cylinder 41 and move upwards, the exhaust gas and the side wall of the fixing box 42 with arc-shaped side walls slide upwards, the exhaust gas enters the inside center of the collecting cylinder 41 from the gap between the fixing box 42 and the collecting cylinder 41, the exhaust gas moves towards the inside center of the collecting cylinder 41 and uniformly contacts with the fixing rod 43, and the exhaust gas contacts with the other fixing box 42 again, so that the exhaust gas moves from the center of the collecting cylinder 41 to the edge, and the movement time of the exhaust gas in the inside of the collecting cylinder 41 is increased, so that the fixing case 42 and the fixing rod 43 absorb heat inside the exhaust gas.
Specifically, the sealing mechanism 5 comprises a screw 51, a sponge pad 52, a connecting plate 53, a rubber pad 54, a rubber block 55 and a fixing block 56, the sponge pad 52 and the connecting plate 53 are mounted at the joint of the first box 31 and the second box 32, the connecting plate 53 is attached to the sponge pad 52, the sponge pad 52 is mounted inside two ends of the second box 32, and the connecting plate 53 is fixed on the side wall of the second box 32; first box 31 with the lateral wall symmetry installation of second box 32 fixed block 56 is located the first box 31 lateral wall the inside symmetry installation lateral wall in top of fixed block 56 is curved rubber block 55 is located the second box 32 lateral wall the inside symmetry installation in bottom of fixed block 56 rubber pad 54, the sectional area is spherical rubber pad 54 with the inside sliding connection of rubber block 55, screw 51 with threaded connection between the inside of fixed block 56, for the convenience the laminating of second box 32 during first box 31, second box 32 drives foam-rubber cushion 52 motion with the connecting plate 53 contact, and it is rotatory screw 51 makes the first box 31 lateral wall fixed block 56 with the second box 32 lateral wall the fixed block 56 laminating, fixed block 56 drives the sectional area and is circular shape rubber pad 54 gets into the lateral wall and is curved the inside of rubber block 55 The rubber pad 54 extrudes the rubber block 55, and the second box 32 is attached to the first box 31, so that the spongy cushion 52 is tightly attached to the connecting plate 53, the joint of the first box 31 and the second box 32 is sealed, and waste gas can conveniently pass between the first box 31 and the second box 32.
Specifically, the collecting mechanism 8 includes a blanking plate 81, a first collecting plate 82 and a second collecting plate 83, the first collecting plate 82 is installed at one end of the filter screen 33 located inside the first box 31, and the second collecting plate 83 is installed at the bottom end of the first partition plate 34; one end of the second collecting plate 83 is rotatably connected with the blanking plate 81, the blanking plate 81 abuts against the side wall of the first collecting plate 82, so that the filter screen 33, the first partition plate 34 and the dust on the side wall of the second partition plate 35 can slide to fall onto the top surface of the collecting mechanism 8, and when the second box 32 is taken out from the first box 31, the second box 32 drives the blanking plate 81, the first collecting plate 82 and the second collecting plate 83 to slide out of the first box 31, so that the dust on the side wall of the first collecting plate 82 can be cleaned, and the blanking plate 81 can be rotated, so that the dust on the top surface of the second collecting plate 83 can slide downwards from the top surface of the blanking plate 81, and the dust on the top surface of the collecting mechanism 8 can be cleaned conveniently.
Specifically, the resetting mechanism 7 includes a connecting sleeve 71, a protrusion 72, a torsion spring 73, a connecting ring 74 and a rotating shaft 75, one end of the second collecting plate 83 is fixedly connected to the rotating shaft 75, and a side wall of the rotating shaft 75 is rotatably connected to the connecting sleeve 71; the semicircular lug 72 is arranged at the joint of the connecting sleeve 71 and the rotating shaft 75, and one end of the connecting sleeve 71 is fixedly connected with the blanking plate 81; the side wall of the rotating shaft 75 is fixedly connected with the connecting ring 74, the two ends of the rotating shaft 75 are symmetrically sleeved with the torsion springs 73, the two ends of the torsion springs 73 are respectively fixedly connected with the connecting sleeve 71 and the connecting ring 74, in order to facilitate the rotation of the blanking plate 81, the blanking plate 81 drives the connecting sleeve 71 to rotate on the side wall of the rotating shaft 75, the connecting sleeve 71 rotates at one end of the semicircular bump 72, so as to reduce the friction force between the connecting sleeve 71 and the rotating shaft 75, and when the connecting sleeve 71 rotates, the connecting sleeve 71 drives the torsion springs 73 to rotate on the side wall of the rotating shaft 75, so that the torsion springs 73 are forced, and after dust is cleaned, the torsion springs 73 make the connecting sleeve 71 and the blanking plate 81 rotate and reset, so that the blanking plate 81 is flush with the second collecting plate 83, the blanking plate 81 is facilitated to collect dust again.
In use, water is supplied to the inside of the fixing ring 63, flows through the communication pipe 61 into the other fixing ring 63 inside the fixing ring 63, flows through the fixing ring 63 and the communication pipe 61 inside the fixing ring 63, fills the fixing ring 63 and the communication pipe 61 with water, and is supplied to the inside of the fixing tank 42, and fills the fixing tank 42 and the fixing rod 43 with water inside the fixing tank 42 and the fixing rod 43. With this device access power, put through the gas with intake pipe 23 again, open fan 21, the gas lets in the inside top of barrel 1 through intake pipe 23, fan 21 rotates simultaneously, with the inside of air suction intake pipe 23, the inside that the air got into intake pipe 23 through intake pipe 23 is curved baffle 24 contact with the lateral wall, the air gets into the inside of barrel 1 with the gas at the lateral wall lapse of baffle 24 together with the gas, light the gas again, make the gas burn in the inside of barrel 1. When the top of barrel 1 was burnt in the gas, the solid fixed ring 63 of the heat that gives off absorbs, and the diameter of solid fixed ring 63 increases in proper order to the inside department placed in the middle of barrel 1 along the both ends of barrel 1, and the inside department gas combustion placed in the middle of barrel 1 is most violent, makes the even gas contact with the burning of solid fixed ring 63, makes solid fixed ring 63 absorb most heat, makes the inside water rapid heating up evaporation of solid fixed ring 63, again with steam from solid fixed ring 63's inside discharge can. Exhaust gas generated after combustion of gas moves downwards in the cylinder 1 and enters between the first box body 31 and the second box body 32, the exhaust gas contacts with the second partition plate 35 firstly, the exhaust gas slides downwards on the side wall of the second partition plate 35 and penetrates through the filter screen 33 to contact with the first partition plate 34, dust in the exhaust gas slides downwards on the side walls of the first partition plate 34 and the filter screen 33 and falls onto the top surface of the first collecting plate 82, the exhaust gas slides upwards on the side wall of the first partition plate 34 and penetrates through the other filter screen 33, the exhaust gas moves in a zigzag mode, the filter screen 33 filters the exhaust gas again, and the dust slides downwards on the surfaces of the first partition plate 34 and the filter screen 33 and falls onto the top surfaces of the blanking plate 81 and the second collecting plate 83. The exhaust gas with dust removed passes through the inside of the first box 31 and the second box 32 and enters the inside of the collecting cylinder 41, the exhaust gas moves upwards in the collecting cylinder 41, the exhaust gas slides upwards along the side wall of the fixing box 42 with the arc-shaped side wall, the exhaust gas enters the inner center of the collecting cylinder 41 from the gap between the fixing box 42 and the collecting cylinder 41, the exhaust gas moves towards the inner center of the collecting cylinder 41 and is uniformly contacted with the fixing rod 43, the exhaust gas is contacted with the other fixing box 42 again, the exhaust gas moves towards the edge from the center of the collecting cylinder 41, the moving time of the exhaust gas in the collecting cylinder 41 is prolonged, the fixing box 42 and the fixing rod 43 absorb the heat in the exhaust gas, the water temperature in the fixing box 42 and the fixing rod 43 is increased, and the exhaust gas is discharged from the top end of the collecting cylinder 41 by using the heat in the exhaust gas. When the device needs to be cleaned, the power supply is removed, the screw 51 is rotated upwards, the screw 51 is taken out from the inside of the fixed block 56, the second box body 32 slides out from the top end of the first box body 31, the second box body 32 drives the blanking plate 81, the first collecting plate 82 and the second collecting plate 83 to slide out from the inside of the first box body 31, dust in the filtering mechanism 3 is cleaned, dust on the side wall of the first collecting plate 82 is cleaned, the blanking plate 81 is rotated at one end of the second collecting plate 83, and dust on the top surface of the second collecting plate 83 slides downwards from the top surface of the blanking plate 81; when the blanking plate 81 rotates, the blanking plate 81 drives the connecting sleeve 71 to rotate on the side wall of the rotating shaft 75, the connecting sleeve 71 rotates at one end of the semicircular bump 72, so that the friction force between the connecting sleeve 71 and the rotating shaft 75 is reduced, and when the connecting sleeve 71 rotates, the connecting sleeve 71 drives the torsion spring 73 to rotate on the side wall of the rotating shaft 75, so that the torsion spring 73 is energized, and after dust is cleaned up, the torsion spring 73 enables the connecting sleeve 71 and the blanking plate 81 to rotate and reset, so that the blanking plate 81 is flush with the second collecting plate 83, and the blanking plate 81 is flush with the first collecting plate 82, so that the blanking plate 81, the first collecting plate 82 and the second collecting plate 83 are convenient to be attached to the inner bottom surface of the first box 31, and dust on the surfaces of the filter screen 33, the first partition plate 34 and the second partition plate 35 falls on the top surface of the collecting mechanism 8, and the dust is. After the clean up, when laminating the first box 31 of second box 32 lapse, second box 32 drives the motion of foam-rubber cushion 52 and contacts with connecting plate 53, rotatory screw rod 51 again, screw rod 51 gets into the inside of fixed block 56, make the fixed block 56 of first box 31 lateral wall laminate with the fixed block 56 of second box 32 lateral wall, fixed block 56 drives the sectional area and gets into the inside that the lateral wall is curved rubber piece 55 for circular shape rubber pad 54, rubber pad 54 extrudees rubber piece 55, and the first box 31 of second box 32 laminating, make foam-rubber cushion 52 zonulae occludens board 53, it is sealed with the junction of first box 31 and second box 32.
The foregoing illustrates and describes the principles, general features, and advantages of the present invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, and the embodiments and descriptions given above are only illustrative of the principles of the present invention, and various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, which fall within the scope of the claims. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (5)

1. A top-fired steam generator characterized by: comprises a cylinder body (1), an air inlet mechanism (2), a filtering mechanism (3), a waste heat utilization mechanism (4), a sealing mechanism (5), an evaporation mechanism (6), a reset mechanism (7) and a collection mechanism (8); the top end of the cylinder (1) is provided with the air inlet mechanism (2), and the evaporation mechanism (6) is arranged in the cylinder (1); the bottom end of the cylinder body (1) is provided with the filtering mechanism (3), one end of the filtering mechanism (3) is communicated with the bottom end of the waste heat utilization mechanism (4), and the side walls of the filtering mechanism (3) are symmetrically provided with the sealing mechanisms (5); the interior of the filtering mechanism (3) is rotatably connected with the collecting mechanism (8), and the interior of the collecting mechanism (8) is rotatably connected with the resetting mechanism (7);
the air inlet mechanism (2) comprises a fan (21), a connecting pipe (22), an air inlet pipe (23) and a baffle (24), the air inlet pipe (23) is installed at the top end of the barrel (1), the fan (21) is installed on the side wall of the barrel (1), the air inlet pipe (23) is installed at one end of the fan (21), and one end of the air inlet pipe (23) is installed inside the air inlet pipe (23); the inner side wall of the air inlet pipe (23) is provided with an arc-shaped baffle plate (24);
the evaporation mechanism (6) comprises a communicating pipe (61), a supporting rod (62) and a fixing ring (63), the fixing ring (63) is arranged in the barrel body (1) at equal intervals, and the fixing ring (63) is fixed on the inner side wall of the barrel body (1) through the supporting rod (62); the communicating pipes (61) are arranged between the adjacent fixing rings (63) in a staggered manner, and the diameters of the fixing rings (63) are sequentially increased towards the middle of the inside of the barrel (1) along the two ends of the barrel (1);
the filtering mechanism (3) comprises a first box body (31), a second box body (32), two filter screens (33), a first partition plate (34) and a second partition plate (35), the first box body (31) is installed at the bottom end of the barrel body (1), and the top end of the first box body (31) is clamped with the second box body (32); the inside slope of top of second box (32) is installed one filter screen (33) with second baffle (35), the bottom fixed connection of filter screen (33) first baffle (34), the bottom of second baffle (35) is installed another filter screen (33), the bottom of first baffle (35) and another the bottom of filter screen (33) is contradicted the inside wall of first box (31).
2. A top combustion steam generator as set forth in claim 1 wherein: the waste heat utilization mechanism (4) comprises a collecting cylinder (41), a fixed box (42) and a fixed rod (43), the collecting cylinder (41) is installed at one end of the first box body (31), the inner symmetrical installation side walls of the collecting cylinder (41) are arc-shaped, the fixed box (42) is installed between the fixed box (42), and the fixed rod (43) is installed between the fixed box (42).
3. A top combustion steam generator as set forth in claim 1 wherein: the sealing mechanism (5) comprises a screw rod (51), a sponge cushion (52), a connecting plate (53), a rubber pad (54), a rubber block (55) and a fixing block (56), the sponge cushion (52) and the connecting plate (53) are installed at the joint of the first box body (31) and the second box body (32), the connecting plate (53) is attached to the sponge cushion (52), the sponge cushion (52) is installed inside two ends of the second box body (32), and the connecting plate (53) is fixed to the side wall of the second box body (32); first box (31) with the lateral wall symmetry installation of second box (32) fixed block (56) is located first box (31) lateral wall the inside symmetry installation lateral wall in top of fixed block (56) is curved rubber block (55) is located the second box (32) lateral wall the inside symmetry installation in bottom of fixed block (56) rubber pad (54), the sectional area is the ball rubber pad (54) with the inside sliding connection of rubber block (55), screw rod (51) with threaded connection between the inside of fixed block (56).
4. A top combustion steam generator as set forth in claim 1 wherein: the collecting mechanism (8) comprises a blanking plate (81), a first collecting plate (82) and a second collecting plate (83), the first collecting plate (82) is installed at one end of the filter screen (33) positioned in the first box body (31), and the second collecting plate (83) is installed at the bottom end of the first partition plate (34); one end of the second collecting plate (83) is rotatably connected with the blanking plate (81), and the blanking plate (81) abuts against the side wall of the first collecting plate (82).
5. A top combustion steam generator as set forth in claim 4 wherein: the reset mechanism (7) comprises a connecting sleeve (71), a convex block (72), a torsion spring (73), a connecting ring (74) and a rotating shaft (75), one end of the second collecting plate (83) is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft (75), and the side wall of the rotating shaft (75) is rotatably connected with the connecting sleeve (71); the connecting position of the connecting sleeve (71) and the rotating shaft (75) is provided with the semicircular lug (72), and one end of the connecting sleeve (71) is fixedly connected with the blanking plate (81); the side wall of the rotating shaft (75) is fixedly connected with the connecting ring (74), the two ends of the rotating shaft (75) are symmetrically sleeved with the torsion spring (73), and the two ends of the torsion spring (73) are respectively and fixedly connected with the connecting sleeve (71) and the connecting ring (74).
CN201910061051.8A 2019-01-23 2019-01-23 Top combustion type steam generator Active CN109654465B (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1043889A (en) * 1962-12-21 1966-09-28 Sulzer Ag Improvements in steam generators having flue gas recycling
EP0486643B1 (en) * 1990-06-13 1995-08-23 CHATO, John D. Improvements in pulsating combustors
CN202185447U (en) * 2011-04-12 2012-04-11 曹泽民 Equipment for reducing and sorting kitchen waste at source
CN107314361A (en) * 2017-08-03 2017-11-03 浙江上能锅炉有限公司 Top ignition steam generator
CN206746259U (en) * 2017-04-03 2017-12-15 北京爱呼科技有限责任公司 A kind of efficient and environment-friendly type emission-control equipment

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1043889A (en) * 1962-12-21 1966-09-28 Sulzer Ag Improvements in steam generators having flue gas recycling
EP0486643B1 (en) * 1990-06-13 1995-08-23 CHATO, John D. Improvements in pulsating combustors
CN202185447U (en) * 2011-04-12 2012-04-11 曹泽民 Equipment for reducing and sorting kitchen waste at source
CN206746259U (en) * 2017-04-03 2017-12-15 北京爱呼科技有限责任公司 A kind of efficient and environment-friendly type emission-control equipment
CN107314361A (en) * 2017-08-03 2017-11-03 浙江上能锅炉有限公司 Top ignition steam generator

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