CN109629440B - Steel box girder pushing construction method based on walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment - Google Patents

Steel box girder pushing construction method based on walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109629440B
CN109629440B CN201910033973.8A CN201910033973A CN109629440B CN 109629440 B CN109629440 B CN 109629440B CN 201910033973 A CN201910033973 A CN 201910033973A CN 109629440 B CN109629440 B CN 109629440B
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pushing
box girder
steel box
assembled
pushed
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CN109629440A (en
Inventor
陈宏俊
汪惺
冯敬辉
杜亮
苏金阳
贺振华
高良
罗彭
韦凡
郝洪波
齐浩东
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Fourth Engineering Co Ltd Of China Raiway First Group
China Railway First Engineering Group Co Ltd
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Fourth Engineering Co Ltd Of China Raiway First Group
China Railway First Engineering Group Co Ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01DCONSTRUCTION OF BRIDGES, ELEVATED ROADWAYS OR VIADUCTS; ASSEMBLY OF BRIDGES
    • E01D21/00Methods or apparatus specially adapted for erecting or assembling bridges

Abstract

The invention discloses a walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment-based steel box girder pushing construction method, wherein two ends of a constructed steel box girder are respectively supported on a girder end buttress and are divided into a first girder body and a second girder body by taking a midspan buttress as a boundary; when the pushing construction is carried out, the method comprises the following steps: firstly, constructing a temporary buttress and a midspan temporary buttress; secondly, pushing the beam body: synchronously pushing the first beam body and the second beam body, and pushing the first beam body and the second beam body by adopting walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment; and thirdly, folding the midspan. The two beam bodies of the constructed steel box beam are synchronously pushed from two sides to the midspan by adopting walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment until the two beam bodies are folded; the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment is simple and convenient to control in pushing, synchronous actions of multiple groups of walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment can be simply and conveniently realized, pushing positions are flexibly arranged, guide beams and longitudinal pushing slideway beams are not needed, self-balancing pushing is really realized, and the pushing process is safe and reliable.

Description

Steel box girder pushing construction method based on walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of bridge construction, and particularly relates to a walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment-based steel box girder pushing construction method.
Background
With the continuous improvement of the design and construction technology level of bridges in China, a large number of continuous steel box girder bridges are developed in the fields of highways, urban traffic, railways and the like. The pushing method is widely applied to the construction because of the advantages of small occupied area, no influence on the traffic under the bridge, no need of large hoisting machines, safety, reliability, low cost and the like. The pushing construction method is that a prefabricated field is arranged behind a bridge abutment along the axial direction of a bridge, and a steel guide beam, a temporary pier, a slideway, a horizontal jack (also called a pushing power device or a pushing force application device) and the like are arranged. The pushing construction method is not only used for continuous beam bridges, but also can be used for other bridge types (such as simply supported beam bridges), and can also be used for continuous pushing construction firstly, and the continuity between beam spans is removed after the beam bridges are in place; the arch longitudinal beam of the arch bridge can be used for pushing construction among the upright columns; the main beam of the cable-stayed bridge can also be constructed by adopting a pushing method.
At present, a pushing system adopted in the construction of the pushing method adopts two pushing modes, namely single-point pushing and multi-point pushing. The pushing power device in single-point pushing construction is intensively arranged on a bridge abutment or a pier close to a beam field, and the pushing power device mostly adopts a vertical jack supported on a longitudinal slide way to be linked with a horizontal jack supported on a back wall of the pier (abutment), so that a beam body can move forwards by taking the vertical jack as a support. Another single-point pushing mode is that a horizontal jack drives a beam body to move forwards through a pull rod, a slideway is a fixed stainless steel plate, a sliding block supports the beam body on the slideway, vertical jacks are arranged in front of and behind the slideway for lifting, and the beam body enables the sliding block to move from front to back, which is an early pushing construction method; then the front and the back of the slideway are used as slopes, the sliding block can be manually advanced, and a vertical jack does not need to jack the beam body to move the sliding block backwards.
The single-point pushing has a serious defect that the friction force between the top of the vertical jack and the beam body cannot drive the beam body to move forwards in the early stage and the later stage of pushing, and the pushing can be finished only by means of auxiliary power. In addition, in the single-point pushing construction, a high pier without a horizontal jack support is not arranged, and particularly, a flexible pier can generate large pier top displacement under the action of horizontal pushing, and even the safety of the structure is threatened. To overcome the above disadvantages of single point thrusting, a multi-point thrusting method is developed. The multi-point pushing method has the advantages that necessary pushing power can be provided at any stage, the horizontal pushing force of the horizontal jack on the abutment is balanced with the friction force of the beam body acting on the abutment in the pushing process, and the safety of the flexible high pier is facilitated. But a plurality of jacks are ensured to work synchronously, and pressure can be regulated in a grading way, so that the horizontal force acting on the pier top does not exceed the design allowable value. However, the multi-point pushing method and the corresponding pushing system adopted at present have the following defects and shortcomings in different degrees: firstly, the synchronization precision of the existing pushing equipment is not enough, and the action errors of a plurality of pushing equipment cannot be avoided in the pushing process; secondly, the existing pushing construction method and pushing system are difficult to control the pushing closure precision under the conditions of large gradient and complex linearity; thirdly, the full-automatic digital control is not available, and the precision of the stress numerical value is difficult to master; fourthly, more operators are needed, labor input is large, labor and time are wasted, and construction efficiency is low; and fifthly, traction is carried out by means of a guide beam in part of multi-point pushing construction, construction investment is large, and the construction process is complex.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the technical problem that the defects in the prior art are overcome, and provides a steel box girder pushing construction method based on walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment, which has the advantages of simple steps, reasonable design, simple and convenient construction and good use effect, and the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment is adopted to synchronously push two girder bodies of the constructed steel box girder from two sides to midspan until the two girder bodies are folded; the pushing control of the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment is simple and convenient, the synchronous action of a plurality of groups of walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment can be simply and conveniently realized, the pushing positions are flexibly arranged, a guide beam and a slide rail beam for longitudinal pushing are not needed, the sliding surface in the pushing process of the steel box girder is changed into the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment from the slide rail beam, the friction force in the pushing advancing process is greatly reduced, overlarge horizontal load of a pier or a temporary pier in the pushing construction process is avoided, self-balancing pushing is really realized, meanwhile, the investment cost of the slide rail beam for longitudinal pushing can be saved, the pushing construction efficiency of the steel box girder is improved, the pushed steel box girder can be transversely corrected in the pushing process, the steel box girder can be simply, quickly and stably pushed in place, and the pushing process is safe and reliable.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention adopts the technical scheme that: a steel box girder pushing construction method based on walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment is characterized by comprising the following steps: two ends of the constructed steel box girder are respectively supported on a girder end buttress, a mid-span buttress is arranged between the two girder end buttresses, and the two girder end buttresses are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the mid-span buttress; the constructed steel box girder is divided into a first girder body and a second girder body by taking a mid-span buttress as a boundary, and the first girder body and the second girder body are symmetrically arranged and have the same structure and size; the first beam body and the second beam body are both steel box beams formed by splicing a plurality of steel box beam sections from front to back, the midspan buttress and the beam-end buttress are both permanent piers which are vertically arranged and are both reinforced concrete piers, the front ends of the first beam body and the second beam body are both supported on the midspan buttress, and the rear ends of the first beam body and the second beam body are both supported on one beam-end buttress;
when the construction steel box girder is subjected to pushing construction, the method comprises the following steps:
step one, constructing a temporary buttress and a midspan temporary buttress: constructing each temporary buttress between the two beam-end buttresses respectively, and constructing two midspan temporary buttress on the constructed midspan buttress;
step two, pushing the beam body: synchronously pushing a first beam body and a second beam body, wherein the pushing methods of the first beam body and the second beam body are the same, the first beam body and the second beam body are both pushed by walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment, and the first beam body and the second beam body are both pushed steel box beams;
a plurality of temporary buttresses for supporting the pushed steel box girder are arranged between each beam-end buttress and the mid-span buttress from front to back along the length direction of the pushed steel box girder, and the plurality of temporary buttresses are vertically arranged; the middle-span buttress is provided with a front middle-span temporary buttress and a rear middle-span temporary buttress which are symmetrically arranged, and the front end of each pushed steel box girder is supported on one middle-span temporary buttress; all temporary buttresses between the two mid-span temporary buttresses and the two beam-end buttresses are uniformly distributed on the same vertical surface; each temporary buttress and each midspan temporary buttress are pushing buttresses;
an assembling jig frame for assembling the pushed steel box girder is arranged right behind each beam-end buttress; each assembling jig frame comprises a left temporary support foundation and a right temporary support foundation which are symmetrically arranged and a left longitudinal moving slideway and a right longitudinal moving slideway which are symmetrically arranged, the two longitudinal moving slideways are arranged along the longitudinal bridge direction, the two longitudinal moving slideways are positioned between the two temporary support foundations and positioned on the rear sides of beam-end buttresses, each temporary support foundation comprises a plurality of temporary support foundations which are arranged from front to back along the length direction of the pushed steel box girder, and each temporary support foundation is a horizontal support foundation; the temporary supporting foundation is a pushing foundation for horizontally placing walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment or an adjusting foundation for horizontally placing a three-dimensional adjusting device, and each adjusting foundation is provided with one three-dimensional adjusting device; the three-dimensional adjusting device is supported between the pushed steel box girder and the adjusting foundation, and can adjust the pushed steel box girder in the vertical direction, the transverse bridge direction and the longitudinal bridge direction; the number of the pushing bases and the number of the adjusting bases in each group of temporary supporting bases are multiple; the left pushing foundation and the right pushing foundation which are symmetrically arranged form the pushing buttress, and each pushing foundation is provided with the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment;
each pushing buttress is provided with a group of walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment, and each group of walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment comprises two walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment which are symmetrically distributed on the same pushing buttress from left to right; the two walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing devices are respectively a left side pushing device positioned below the left side of the pushed steel box girder and a right side pushing device positioned below the right side of the pushed steel box girder; all left-side pushing devices in the multiple groups of walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing devices are arranged on the same vertical surface from front to back along the length direction of the pushed steel box girder, and all right-side pushing devices in the multiple groups of walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing devices are arranged on the same vertical surface from front to back along the length direction of the pushed steel box girder;
each pushing buttress is provided with a left group of temporary supporting seats and a right group of temporary supporting seats which are symmetrically arranged and support the pushed steel box girder, and the temporary supporting seats are vertically arranged and positioned below the pushed steel box girder; each group of temporary supporting seats comprises two temporary supporting seats which are respectively arranged on the front side and the rear side of the same walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment, and one temporary supporting seat is arranged right in front of and right behind each walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment on the same pushing buttress;
the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment is positioned below the pushed steel box girder; the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment comprises a horizontal base, a sliding seat, two vertical jacking devices, a longitudinal pushing device and a transverse deviation correcting device, wherein the sliding seat can horizontally move back and forth and left and right on the horizontal base; the longitudinal pushing device is horizontally arranged and arranged along the longitudinal bridge direction, the transverse deviation correcting device is horizontally arranged and arranged along the transverse bridge direction, and the transverse deviation correcting device is positioned on the left side or the right side of the sliding seat and is vertically arranged with the longitudinal pushing device;
each walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing device is controlled by a main controller, and the main controller is connected with an upper computer; the vertical jacking device, the longitudinal pushing device and the transverse deviation correcting device in each walking type three-dimensional hydraulic jacking device are hydraulic driving devices controlled by the same main controller, and the hydraulic driving devices are hydraulic jacks or hydraulic oil cylinders;
when walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment is adopted to push the first beam body or the second beam body, the method comprises the following steps:
step C1, assembling the jig frame: constructing one assembling jig frame right behind a beam-end buttress for supporting the rear end of the pushed steel box beam to obtain a plurality of groups of constructed and formed temporary supporting foundations and two longitudinally-moving slideways, wherein the constructed and formed temporary supporting foundations are the pushing foundations or the adjusting foundations;
c2, constructing a three-dimensional adjusting device, pushing equipment and a temporary supporting seat: c1, uniformly distributing a group of walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment on each temporary buttress after construction, and distributing a left group of temporary supporting seats and a right group of temporary supporting seats which are symmetrically distributed on each temporary buttress; meanwhile, the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment and a group of temporary supporting seats are uniformly distributed on each pushing basis constructed in the step C1, and a three-dimensional adjusting device is uniformly distributed on each adjusting basis constructed in the step C1;
step C3, assembling the steel box girder and synchronously pushing: assembling a plurality of steel box girder segments of the pushed steel box girder respectively from front to back by using the assembled jig constructed in the step C1, and in the assembling process, an assembled pushing device is adopted and the assembled girder body is pushed forwards for a plurality of times from back to front through two longitudinally-moving slideways; after all the steel box girder sections in the pushed steel box girder are assembled, the assembled and formed pushed steel box girder is obtained;
the assembled beam body is a beam body consisting of a plurality of assembled steel box beam sections, and the assembling pushing device is a pushing device consisting of all walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment supported below the assembled beam body;
in the step, the position of the assembled beam body is adjusted by adopting an assembling adjusting device in the assembling process, wherein the assembling adjusting device is an adjusting device consisting of all three-dimensional adjusting devices supported below the assembled beam body;
step C4, pushing the steel box girder: c, pushing the pushed steel box girder assembled in the step C3 forwards for multiple times by adopting a box girder pushing device until the pushed steel box girder is pushed in place;
the box girder pushing device is a pushing device consisting of all walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment supported below the pushed steel box girder;
step three, midspan folding: and after the first beam body and the second beam body are pushed in place, the first beam body and the second beam body are folded to obtain the constructed steel box girder formed by construction.
The steel box girder pushing construction method based on the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment is characterized by comprising the following steps: in the step C3, an assembled pushing device is adopted, and in the process of pushing the assembled beam forward for multiple times from back to front through two longitudinal sliding ways, the position of the assembled beam is adjusted in the transverse bridge direction by controlling a transverse deviation correcting device of each walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing device in the assembled pushing device, so that the assembled beam is positioned on the design central axis of the pushed steel box girder;
in the step C4, when the box girder pushing device is used to push the pushed steel box girder assembled in the step C3 forward for a plurality of times, the position of the pushed steel box girder is adjusted in the transverse bridge direction by controlling the transverse deviation rectifying devices of the walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing devices in the box girder pushing device, so that the pushed steel box girder is located on the design central axis of the pushed steel box girder.
The steel box girder pushing construction method based on the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment is characterized by comprising the following steps: in the step C3, an assembling pushing device is adopted, and the assembled beam body is pushed forward by two longitudinally moving slideways from back to front for multiple times, wherein each time the assembled beam body is pushed forward, the process is as follows:
step A1, vertical jacking: controlling vertical jacking devices of all walking type three-dimensional hydraulic jacking equipment in the splicing jacking devices to synchronously carry out upward jacking until the spliced beam body is separated from a temporary supporting seat supported below the spliced beam body, so that the spliced beam body is supported on the splicing jacking devices;
step A2, pushing forwards: controlling longitudinal pushing devices of all walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment in the assembling pushing device to synchronously push forwards and drive the assembled beam body to synchronously move forwards;
step A3, descending: controlling vertical jacking devices of all walking type three-dimensional hydraulic jacking equipment in the splicing jacking devices to synchronously descend until the spliced beam body is supported on a plurality of temporary supporting seats below the spliced beam body;
step a4, retract backward: controlling longitudinal pushing devices of all walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment in the splicing pushing device to synchronously retract backwards;
in the step C4, the box girder pushing device is used to push the pushed steel box girder assembled in the step C3 forward for a plurality of times, and each time the pushed steel box girder is pushed forward, the process is as follows:
step B1, vertical jacking: controlling vertical jacking devices of all walking type three-dimensional hydraulic jacking equipment in the box girder jacking device to synchronously carry out upward jacking until the pushed steel box girder is separated from a temporary supporting seat supported below the pushed steel box girder, so that the pushed steel box girder is supported on the box girder jacking device;
step B2, pushing forwards: controlling longitudinal pushing devices of all walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment in the box girder pushing devices to synchronously push forwards and driving the pushed steel box girder to synchronously move forwards;
step B3, descending: controlling vertical jacking devices of all walking type three-dimensional hydraulic jacking equipment in the box girder jacking devices to synchronously descend until the steel box girder to be pushed is supported on a plurality of temporary supporting seats below the steel box girder to be pushed;
step B4, retract backward: and controlling longitudinal pushing devices of all walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment in the box girder pushing devices to synchronously retract backwards.
The steel box girder pushing construction method based on the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment is characterized by comprising the following steps: one steel box girder segment positioned at the foremost end in a plurality of steel box girder segments of the pushed steel box girder is a front end segment, and one steel box girder segment positioned at the rearmost end in the plurality of steel box girder segments is a rear end segment;
when the plurality of steel box girder segments of the pushed steel box girder are respectively assembled from front to back in the step C3, the plurality of steel box girder segments are assembled one by one from front to back, and the process is as follows:
step 301, hoisting and position adjusting of the front end section: hoisting the front end section of the pushed steel box girder to two longitudinal moving slideways by adopting hoisting equipment, and synchronously adjusting the position of the front end section by all three-dimensional adjusting devices supported below the front end section;
at the moment, the front end section is positioned above the rear parts of the two longitudinal movement slideways and is supported on the three-dimensional adjusting devices;
step 302, front end segment pushing and position adjusting: synchronously pushing the front end section forwards for multiple times by adopting all walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment supported below the front end section at the moment until the assembly position of the next steel box girder section is reserved above the rear part of the two longitudinally-moving slideways; then synchronously adjusting the position of the front end section through all three-dimensional adjusting devices supported below the front end section;
step 303, assembling and position adjusting of the next steel box girder segment: hoisting the next steel box girder segment of the pushed steel box girder to two longitudinal moving slideways by adopting hoisting equipment, fastening and connecting the steel box girder segment and the steel box girder segment positioned on the front side of the steel box girder segment into a whole to obtain the assembled girder body after assembly, synchronously adjusting the position of the assembled girder body by all three-dimensional adjusting devices supported below the assembled girder body at the moment, and forming the assembled adjusting devices by all three-dimensional adjusting devices supported below the assembled girder body at the moment;
in the step, the assembled steel box girder segment is positioned at the rear side of the assembled girder body;
step 304, assembling completion judgment: judging whether the steel box girder segment assembled in the step 303 is the rear end segment: when the assembled steel box girder segments in the step 303 are the rear end segments, completing the assembling process of all the steel box girder segments in the pushed steel box girder to obtain the pushed steel box girder formed by assembling, and entering the step C4; otherwise, go to step 305;
305, pushing and position adjusting the assembled beam body: synchronously pushing the assembled beam body forwards for multiple times by adopting all walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment supported below the assembled beam body at the moment until the assembling position of the next steel box girder section is reserved above the rear part of the two longitudinally-moving slideways; then synchronously adjusting the position of the assembled beam body through all three-dimensional adjusting devices supported below the assembled beam body, wherein all three-dimensional adjusting devices supported below the assembled beam body form the assembling adjusting device;
in this step, all the walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing devices supported below the assembled beam body form the assembled pushing device.
The steel box girder pushing construction method based on the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment is characterized by comprising the following steps: in step 301 and step 302, when the position of the front end section is synchronously adjusted through all three-dimensional adjusting devices supported below the front end section at the moment, the position of the front end section is adjusted in three directions, namely a vertical direction, a transverse bridge direction and a longitudinal bridge direction, so that the front end section is positioned on a design central axis of the pushed steel box girder;
in step 303 and step 305, when the positions of the assembled beam body are synchronously adjusted through all the three-dimensional adjusting devices supported below the assembled beam body, the positions of the front end sections are adjusted in the vertical direction, the transverse bridge direction and the longitudinal bridge direction, so that the assembled beam body is positioned on the design central axis of the pushed steel box girder.
The steel box girder pushing construction method based on the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment is characterized by comprising the following steps: the length of the steel box girder segment is 10-15 m, the distance between two adjacent pushing buttresses in the front and the back is not more than 1.6L, and L is the length of the steel box girder segment.
The steel box girder pushing construction method based on the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment is characterized by comprising the following steps: and in the second step, the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment further comprises a horizontal pad beam which is horizontally supported on the two vertical jacking devices, wherein the horizontal pad beam and the horizontal base are arranged in parallel and are positioned below the pushed steel box beam.
The steel box girder pushing construction method based on the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment is characterized by comprising the following steps: in the second step, the horizontal base is a cuboid steel base, a sliding groove is formed in the middle of the inner side of the horizontal base, the sliding groove is arranged along the longitudinal bridge direction, two sliding plates are tiled on the upper portion of the horizontal base, the two sliding plates are rectangular sliding plates which are horizontally arranged and symmetrically arranged on the left side and the right side above the sliding groove, and the two sliding plates are arranged on the same horizontal plane and form a sliding plate on the upper portion of the base;
the sliding seat is a steel support and comprises a longitudinal sliding block which horizontally moves back and forth in a sliding groove and a sliding support which is horizontally supported on the sliding plate at the upper part of the base and can horizontally move back and forth and horizontally move left and right on the sliding plate at the upper part of the base, the longitudinal sliding block is a concave sliding block which is positioned in the sliding groove and comprises a cuboid sliding block which is positioned below the sliding support and two vertical limiting blocks which are respectively arranged above the front and rear ends of the cuboid sliding block, the two vertical limiting blocks are the same with the cuboid sliding block in thickness, the three sliding blocks are arranged on the same vertical surface, the cuboid sliding block is horizontally arranged and is connected with the two vertical limiting blocks into a whole, the two vertical limiting blocks are positioned right above the cuboid sliding block, the sliding support is a rectangular support and is clamped between the two vertical limiting blocks, and the two vertical limiting block groups are used for longitudinally limiting the sliding support.
The steel box girder pushing construction method based on the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment is characterized by comprising the following steps: in the second step, the master controller is a PLC controller;
each hydraulic driving device is connected with a hydraulic oil tank through a hydraulic pipeline, a hydraulic pump, an electromagnetic flow control valve and an electromagnetic reversing valve are mounted on the hydraulic pipeline, the hydraulic pump, the electromagnetic flow control valve and the electromagnetic reversing valve are controlled by the PLC, and the hydraulic pump, the electromagnetic flow control valve and the electromagnetic reversing valve are all connected with the PLC; the PLC controls the hydraulic driving device connected with the hydraulic pipeline by controlling the hydraulic pump, the electromagnetic flow control valve and the electromagnetic directional valve which are arranged on the same hydraulic pipeline.
The steel box girder pushing construction method based on the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment is characterized by comprising the following steps: in the second step, the longitudinal moving slide way is an inclined slide way and gradually inclines upwards from back to front, and the top height of the front end of the longitudinal moving slide way is not higher than the top height of a permanent support which is arranged on a beam-end buttress and used for supporting the pushed steel box beam;
the longitudinal movement slideway is made of reinforced concrete, the top of the longitudinal movement slideway is tiled with a layer of sliding steel plates, and the sliding steel plates are distributed along the length direction of the longitudinal movement slideway;
the three-dimensional adjusting device is a three-dimensional adjusting jack.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following advantages:
1. the method has simple steps, reasonable design and lower input construction cost.
2. The construction is simple and convenient, the pushing construction process of the constructed steel box girder can be simply, conveniently and quickly completed, and the pushing process is easy to control.
3. The pushing system is reasonable in structural design and easy and convenient to use and operate, the PLC-programmable logic controller is adopted to transmit instructions to independent walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment at the same time, the problem of synchronous operation of the multiple walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment is solved, and the control is simple and convenient. The pushing system is simple and convenient to arrange and flexible in pushing position, comprises a plurality of groups of walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment, and each group of walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment is arranged on one pushing buttress, so that the problems of difficult control of pushing control and beam section folding precision under the condition of complex line type can be effectively solved, and the pushing system has a wide market particularly in the field of pushing construction of large-gradient bridges
4. Each walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing device is simple and convenient to control and good in control effect, can ensure that each pushing part is stably stressed, and prevents the beam body from being damaged due to uneven stress. The walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment is reasonable in structural design, simple and convenient to use and operate and good in using effect, a sliding surface in the pushing process of the steel box girder is changed into the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment from the slide rail girder, friction force in the pushing advancing process is greatly reduced, overlarge horizontal load of a pier or a temporary pier in the pushing construction process is avoided, self-balancing pushing is really achieved, meanwhile, the investment cost of the slide rail girder for longitudinal pushing can be saved, the pushing construction efficiency of the steel box girder is improved, the pushed steel box girder can be transversely corrected in the pushing process, the steel box girder can be simply, conveniently, quickly and stably pushed in place, and the pushing process is safe and reliable. Meanwhile, the pushing process is stable and easy to control, and can be adjusted in the vertical direction, the longitudinal bridge direction and the transverse bridge direction, and the using mode is flexible.
5. The assembling jig frame is simple in structure, reasonable in design, convenient to construct, good in using effect, low in investment cost and convenient to disassemble and assemble, the mode that the three-dimensional adjusting device is combined with the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment is adopted, pushing can be synchronously completed in the assembling process, the pushed steel box girders can be synchronously adjusted in the vertical direction, the longitudinal bridge direction and the transverse bridge direction in the pushing process, and the arrangement position and the line type of the pushed steel box girders in the pushing process are ensured.
6. The longitudinal moving slideway is reasonable in structural design and good in using effect, can simply, conveniently and quickly complete the longitudinal moving process of the steel box girder, provides an assembling platform for assembling the steel box girder, and ensures that the linear type of the steel box girder is assembled.
7. The adopted pushing system only needs to arrange walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment on each pushing buttress to directly replace the original vertical and longitudinal combined pushing equipment, so that the problems of multiple effective equipment and high labor input of operators can be solved, under the condition of no guide beam, the 6000T steel box girder can be smoothly pushed and folded from two sides of a river bank to the center of a main tower on the premise of ensuring construction safety and quality, not only is the construction progress accelerated, but also the construction cost is effectively reduced, the safety risk is reduced, meanwhile, the linear precision of pushing and folding of the steel box girder is greatly improved, and precious experience and new thinking are provided for construction of similar large-size ultra-wide steel box girders under the cable-stayed bridge structure and the construction environment. In addition, the problem of synchronous operation of a plurality of walking type three-dimensional hydraulic jacking devices is solved, and damage caused by local stress concentration of a beam body due to asynchronous jacking devices is avoided; correspondingly, the relative movement between the jacking equipment and the steel box girder is reduced, the friction force between the jacking equipment and the steel box girder is counteracted, and the horizontal load of the buttress is eliminated; in addition, the problem that the stress of each supporting point of the steel box girder is uneven in the pushing process is effectively solved, the counter force value of each supporting point is the same as the counter force value of the girder body simulation, and therefore the stability of the overall motion of the steel box girder is guaranteed. Therefore, the invention realizes the displacement control of three-dimensional solid, better solves the linear control of the small-radius vertical curve beam body, the control precision reaches millimeter level, reduces the times of adjusting the beam back and forth and improves the construction efficiency.
8. The longitudinal movement and transverse deviation correction process is simple and convenient, the construction difficulty is small, and the investment construction cost is low. The steel box girder can be adjusted in position while being assembled and pushed.
9. The steel box girder can be synchronously pushed and adjusted in position while being assembled, so that the workload is reduced, and the construction period is effectively shortened.
10. The pushing construction method is simple, reasonable in design and good in use effect, pushing quality is easy to guarantee, stress is applied to multiple points, and stress concentration is avoided; when the steel box girder is assembled on the assembling jig frame, the welding quality and the line shape are easy to control, and the whole pushing process is stable in operation, safe and reliable. The pushing construction process is simple, convenient and quick, the construction efficiency is high, and the construction cost can be effectively saved.
The technical solution of the present invention is further described in detail by the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of a pushing state when the first beam and the second beam are pushed according to the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of a pushing state of the first beam when the first beam is pushed.
Fig. 3 is a schematic plane layout position diagram of each pushing buttress and the assembling jig frame when the first beam body is pushed by the invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic longitudinal bridge structure diagram of the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment adopted by the invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view of a transverse bridge structure of the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment adopted in the invention.
FIG. 6 is a schematic view showing the sliding state of the assembled beam body on the longitudinal sliding way.
Fig. 7 is a schematic view of a supporting state of the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment and the longitudinally moving slideway in the assembled jig frame.
Fig. 8 is a schematic view of the supporting state of the three-dimensional adjusting device and the longitudinal movement slideway in the assembling jig frame.
Fig. 9 is a schematic longitudinal bridging structure of the midspan temporary pier of the invention.
Fig. 10 is a schematic cross-bridge structure diagram of the midspan temporary support pier of the invention.
Fig. 11 is a schematic longitudinal bridging structure of the temporary pier of the present invention.
Fig. 12 is a schematic view of the transverse bridge structure of the temporary pier of the present invention.
Fig. 13 is a schematic diagram of the pushing state before the assembly of the pushed box girder is completed.
Fig. 14 is a schematic diagram of the pushing state after the assembly of the pushed box girder is completed.
FIG. 15 is a schematic view of the construction state of the pushed box girder in place.
Fig. 16 is a schematic cross-sectional structure diagram of the longitudinal slide of the present invention.
FIG. 17 is a block diagram of a method for pushing a first beam or a second beam according to the present invention.
FIG. 18 is a schematic block diagram of the circuitry of the incremental launching system employed in the present invention.
FIG. 19 is a flow chart of a method for incremental launching construction of a constructed steel box girder.
FIG. 20 is a schematic view of the construction state when the first beam and the second beam are pushed to the right position by the present invention.
Description of reference numerals:
1-walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment; 1-horizontal base;
1-2-a sliding seat; 1-3-a vertical jacking device; 1-4-longitudinal pushing device;
1-5, a transverse deviation correcting device; 1-6-a sliding groove; 1-7-longitudinal sliding block;
1-8-a skateboard; 1-9-a sliding support; 1-10-longitudinal limit piece;
1-11-horizontal bolster; 2, spanning middle buttress; 3-beam end buttress;
4-steel box girder segment; 5, temporary supporting seats; 6-longitudinally moving the slideway;
6-1-vertical stirrup; 6-2-longitudinal stressed steel bars;
6-3-reinforced concrete support beam; 6-4-reinforced concrete slideway;
6-5-angle steel of corner protector; 6-longitudinal reinforcement;
7, three-dimensional adjusting jacks; 7-1 — a first support base; 7-2 — a second supporting base;
7-3-a third supporting base; 7-4-a fourth supporting base; 7-5-a fifth supporting base;
7-6-sixth supporting base; 8, an upper computer; 9-a master controller;
10-sliding steel plate; 11-temporary buttress; 11-1-connecting beam;
11-2-support column; 11-3-beam; 11-4-horizontal stringer;
12-a first beam; 13-a second beam;
14-midspan temporary support piers; 14-1-a center-penetrating jack; 14-2-a hauling cable;
14-3-a slider; 14-4-vertically drilling piles; 14-5-horizontal bearing platform.
Detailed Description
As shown in fig. 19, in the steel box girder incremental launching construction method based on the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic incremental launching device, two ends of the constructed steel box girder are respectively supported on a beam-end buttress 3, a mid-span buttress 2 is arranged between the two beam-end buttress 3, and the two beam-end buttress 3 are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the mid-span buttress 2; the constructed steel box girder is divided into a first girder body 12 and a second girder body 13 by taking the midspan buttress 2 as a boundary, wherein the first girder body 12 and the second girder body 13 are symmetrically arranged and have the same structure and size; the first beam body 12 and the second beam body 13 are both steel box beams formed by splicing a plurality of steel box beam sections 4 from front to back, the midspan buttress 2 and the beam-end buttress 3 are both permanent piers arranged vertically and are both reinforced concrete piers, the front ends of the first beam body 12 and the second beam body 13 are both supported on the midspan buttress 2, and the rear ends of the first beam body and the second beam body are both supported on one beam-end buttress 3, which is shown in detail in fig. 1, 2 and 3;
when the construction steel box girder is subjected to pushing construction, the method comprises the following steps:
step one, constructing a temporary buttress and a midspan temporary buttress: respectively constructing each temporary buttress 11 between the two beam-end buttresses 3, and constructing two midspan temporary buttresses 14 on the constructed midspan buttress 2, as shown in detail in fig. 1;
step two, pushing the beam body: synchronously pushing a first beam body 12 and a second beam body 13, wherein the pushing methods of the first beam body 12 and the second beam body 13 are the same, and the first beam body 12 and the second beam body 13 are both pushed by walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment, and the first beam body 12 and the second beam body 13 are both pushed steel box beams, which are shown in detail in fig. 1;
a plurality of temporary buttresses 11 for supporting the pushed steel box girder are arranged between each beam-end buttress 3 and the mid-span buttress 2 from front to back along the length direction of the pushed steel box girder, and the plurality of temporary buttresses 11 are vertically arranged; the midspan buttress 2 is provided with two midspan temporary buttress piers 14 which are symmetrically arranged in a front-back manner, and the front end of each pushed steel box girder is supported on one midspan temporary buttress pier 14; all the temporary buttresses 11 between the two mid-span temporary buttresses 14 and the two beam-end buttresses 3 are uniformly distributed on the same vertical surface; each temporary buttress 11 and each midspan temporary buttress 14 are pushing buttresses;
an assembling jig frame for assembling the pushed steel box girder is arranged right behind each beam-end buttress 3; with reference to fig. 6, 7 and 8, each assembling jig comprises two groups of temporary support foundations symmetrically arranged on the left and right sides and two longitudinal moving slideways 6 symmetrically arranged on the left and right sides, the two longitudinal moving slideways 6 are all arranged along the longitudinal bridge direction, the two longitudinal moving slideways 6 are all positioned between the two groups of temporary support foundations and are both positioned on the rear side of the beam-end buttress 3, each group of temporary support foundations comprises a plurality of temporary support foundations arranged from front to back along the length direction of the pushed steel box girder, and each temporary support foundation is a horizontal support foundation; the temporary supporting foundation is a pushing foundation for horizontally placing the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment 1 or an adjusting foundation for horizontally placing a three-dimensional adjusting device, and each adjusting foundation is provided with one three-dimensional adjusting device; the three-dimensional adjusting device is supported between the pushed steel box girder and the adjusting foundation, and can adjust the pushed steel box girder in the vertical direction, the transverse bridge direction and the longitudinal bridge direction; the number of the pushing bases and the number of the adjusting bases in each group of temporary supporting bases are multiple; the left pushing foundation and the right pushing foundation which are symmetrically arranged form one pushing buttress, and each pushing foundation is provided with one walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing device 1;
each pushing buttress is provided with a group of walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment 1, and each group of walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment 1 comprises two walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment 1 which are symmetrically distributed on the same pushing buttress; the two walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing devices 1 are respectively a left side pushing device positioned below the left side of the pushed steel box girder and a right side pushing device positioned below the right side of the pushed steel box girder; all left-side pushing devices in the multiple groups of walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing devices 1 are arranged on the same vertical surface from front to back along the length direction of the pushed steel box girder, and all right-side pushing devices in the multiple groups of walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing devices 1 are arranged on the same vertical surface from front to back along the length direction of the pushed steel box girder;
each pushing buttress is provided with a left group of temporary supporting seats and a right group of temporary supporting seats 5 which are symmetrically arranged and support the pushed steel box girder, and the temporary supporting seats 5 are vertically arranged and positioned below the pushed steel box girder; each group of temporary supporting seats 5 comprises two temporary supporting seats 5 which are respectively arranged on the front side and the rear side of the same walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment 1, and one temporary supporting seat 5 is arranged right in front of and right behind each walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment 1 on the same pushing buttress;
the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment 1 is positioned below the pushed steel box girder; with reference to fig. 4 and 5, the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic jacking device 1 comprises a horizontal base 1-1, a sliding seat 1-2 capable of horizontally moving back and forth and horizontally moving left and right on the horizontal base 1-1, two vertical jacking devices 1-3 installed on the sliding seat 1-2 and capable of synchronously moving along with the sliding seat 1-2, a longitudinal pushing device 1-4 installed at the rear side of the horizontal base 1-1 and driving the sliding seat 1-2 to horizontally move back and forth, and a transverse deviation correcting device 1-5 installed on the horizontal base 1-1 and driving the sliding seat 1-2 to horizontally move left and right, wherein the horizontal base 1-1 is arranged along the longitudinal bridge direction and arranged along the length direction of the steel box girder to be pushed, the two vertical jacking devices 1-3 and the horizontal base 1-1 are uniformly distributed on the same vertical plane, the two vertical jacking devices 1-3 are respectively arranged above the front side and the rear side of the sliding seat 1-2; the longitudinal pushing device 1-4 is horizontally arranged and arranged along the longitudinal bridge direction, the transverse deviation correcting device 1-5 is horizontally arranged and arranged along the transverse bridge direction, and the transverse deviation correcting device 1-5 is positioned on the left side or the right side of the sliding seat 1-2 and is vertically arranged with the longitudinal pushing device 1-4;
each walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing device 1 is controlled by a main controller 9, and the main controller 9 is connected with an upper computer 8; the vertical jacking device 1-3, the longitudinal pushing device 1-4 and the transverse deviation correcting device 1-5 in each walking type three-dimensional hydraulic jacking device 1 are hydraulic driving devices controlled by the same main controller 9, and the hydraulic driving devices are hydraulic jacks or hydraulic oil cylinders; in this embodiment, when the first beam body 12 or the second beam body 13 (i.e. the pushed steel box girder) is pushed, the host computer 8, all walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing apparatuses 1 that need to be used, and the master controller 9 that controls each walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing apparatus 1 form a pushing system for pushing the pushed steel box girder, which is detailed in fig. 2 and fig. 18;
as shown in fig. 17, when the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing device is used for pushing the first beam body 12 or the second beam body 13, the method comprises the following steps:
step C1, assembling the jig frame: constructing one assembling jig frame right behind a beam-end buttress 3 for supporting the rear end of the pushed steel box beam to obtain a plurality of groups of constructed and formed temporary supporting foundations and two longitudinally-moving slideways 6, wherein the constructed and formed temporary supporting foundations are the pushing foundations or the adjusting foundations, and are shown in detail in figures 2 and 3;
c2, constructing a three-dimensional adjusting device, pushing equipment and a temporary supporting seat: c1, uniformly distributing a group of walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment 1 on each temporary buttress 11 which is constructed in the step C, and distributing a left group and a right group of temporary supporting seats 5 which are symmetrically distributed on each temporary buttress 11; meanwhile, the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment 1 and the group of temporary supporting seats 5 are uniformly distributed on each pushing basis constructed in the step C1, and the three-dimensional adjusting devices are uniformly distributed on each adjusting basis constructed in the step C1;
step C3, assembling the steel box girder and synchronously pushing: assembling a plurality of steel box girder segments 4 of the pushed steel box girder respectively from front to back by using the assembled jig constructed in the step C1, wherein an assembled pushing device is adopted in the assembling process, and the assembled girder body is pushed forwards for a plurality of times from back to front through two longitudinally-moving slideways 6, which is detailed in figure 13; after all the steel box girder sections 4 in the pushed steel box girder are assembled, the assembled and formed pushed steel box girder is obtained, which is shown in detail in fig. 14;
the assembled beam body is a beam body consisting of a plurality of assembled steel box beam sections 4, and the assembling jacking device is a jacking device consisting of all walking type three-dimensional hydraulic jacking equipment 1 supported below the assembled beam body;
in the step, the position of the assembled beam body is adjusted by adopting an assembling adjusting device in the assembling process, wherein the assembling adjusting device is an adjusting device consisting of all three-dimensional adjusting devices supported below the assembled beam body;
step C4, pushing the steel box girder: pushing the pushed steel box girder assembled in the step C3 forwards for multiple times by adopting a box girder pushing device until the pushed steel box girder is pushed in place, which is detailed in figure 15;
the box girder pushing device is a pushing device consisting of all walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment 1 supported below the pushed steel box girder;
step three, midspan folding: after the first beam body 12 and the second beam body 13 are pushed to the right position, the first beam body 12 and the second beam body 13 are folded to obtain the constructed steel box girder which is constructed and formed, and the detail is shown in fig. 20.
And in the third step, when the first beam body 12 and the second beam body 13 are folded, the first beam body 12 and the second beam body 13 are connected into a whole by adopting a welding method.
In this embodiment, the main controller 9 in the second step is a PLC controller;
in this embodiment, in order to increase the supporting surface and effectively support and push the pushed steel box girder and reduce the load of the pushed steel box girder acting on the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing apparatus 1, the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing apparatus 1 in the second step further includes a horizontal pad beam 1-11 horizontally supported on the two vertical jacking devices 1-3, and the horizontal pad beam 1-11 and the horizontal base 1-1 are arranged in parallel and located below the pushed steel box girder.
And when the pushing is actually carried out, the pushed steel box girder is stably supported through the horizontal pad beams 1-11. In this embodiment, the horizontal pad beams 1 to 11 are rectangular flat steel beams.
When the horizontal cushion beam is actually used, the supporting reaction force of the beam bottom of the pushed steel box beam can be effectively dispersed through the horizontal cushion beams 1-11. In this embodiment, the longitudinal length of the horizontal pad beams 1 to 11 is 1.6m, and the length of the horizontal pad beams 1 to 11 can be adjusted accordingly according to specific needs.
In this embodiment, the temporary support seats 5 are cubic support seats, the horizontal clear distance between two temporary support seats 5 in each group of temporary support seats 5 is 3.5m, the length of each cubic support seat is 0.8m, the width of each cubic support seat is 0.6m, and the height of each cubic support seat is 1.3m to 1.43 m. During actual construction, the size of the cubic supporting seat can be correspondingly adjusted according to specific requirements.
In order to ensure the relative position between the horizontal pad beam 1-11 and the two vertical jacking devices 1-3, two limiting frames for limiting the vertical jacking devices 1-3 are arranged at the bottom of the horizontal pad beam 1-11, and each vertical jacking device 1-3 is uniformly distributed in the limiting frames. The tops of the two vertical jacking devices 1-3 are supported at the bottoms of the horizontal pad beams 1-11, so that the pushed steel box beams can be stably supported and can be driven to stably move forwards in the pushing process.
In the embodiment, the horizontal base 1-1 is a cuboid steel base, the middle part of the inner side of the horizontal base is provided with a sliding groove 1-6, the sliding groove 1-6 is arranged along the longitudinal bridge direction, the upper part of the horizontal base 1-1 is flatly paved with two sliding plates 1-8, the two sliding plates 1-8 are horizontally arranged rectangular sliding plates and are symmetrically arranged on the left side and the right side above the sliding groove 1-6, and the two sliding plates 1-8 are arranged on the same horizontal plane and form a base upper sliding plate.
The sliding seat 1-2 is a steel support and comprises a longitudinal sliding block 1-7 which horizontally moves back and forth in a sliding groove 1-6 and a sliding support 1-9 which is horizontally supported on a sliding plate on the upper part of the base and can horizontally move back and forth and horizontally move left and right on the sliding plate on the upper part of the base, the longitudinal sliding block 1-7 is a concave sliding block positioned in the sliding groove 1-6 and comprises a cuboid sliding block positioned below the sliding support 1-9 and two vertical limiting blocks respectively arranged above the front and rear ends of the cuboid sliding block, the two vertical limiting blocks and the cuboid sliding block are the same in thickness and are arranged on the same vertical plane, the cuboid sliding block is horizontally arranged and is connected with the two vertical limiting blocks into a whole, and the two vertical limiting blocks are positioned right above the cuboid sliding block, the sliding supports 1-9 are rectangular supports and are clamped between the two vertical limiting blocks, and the two vertical limiting blocks form a longitudinal limiting mechanism for longitudinally limiting the sliding supports 1-9.
In this embodiment, the horizontal base 1-1 has a length of 2500mm, a width of 700mm and a height of 900 mm. During actual processing, the size of the horizontal base 1-1 can be adjusted correspondingly according to specific requirements.
In practical use, a guide beam and a slide way beam for longitudinal pushing are not needed, the sliding surface in the pushing process of the steel box girder is changed into the inside of the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment 1 (specifically, the sliding surface between the horizontal base 1-1 and the sliding seat 1-2) from the slide way beam, the friction force in the pushing advancing process is greatly reduced, the phenomenon that a pier or a temporary pier bears an overlarge horizontal load in the pushing construction process is avoided, and self-balancing pushing is really realized.
The walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment 1 can realize the sliding in the longitudinal bridge direction and the transverse bridge direction on a horizontal plane, so that the pushed steel box girder can be translated in the longitudinal bridge direction and the transverse bridge direction, and the sliding process in the longitudinal bridge direction and the transverse bridge direction is stable, safe and reliable. The longitudinal bridge sliding is matched with the longitudinal sliding blocks 1-7 through the sliding grooves 1-6 to realize high-precision sliding control, and the sliding direction and the sliding process can be effectively controlled. And the transverse bridge moves in the direction which is realized by matching the sliding supports 1-9 with the sliding plate on the upper part of the base, can effectively control the sliding direction and the sliding process, and is simple and convenient to control.
In this embodiment, the front end of the horizontal base 1-1 is provided with a longitudinal limiting member 1-10 for limiting a longitudinal sliding block 1-7, and the longitudinal limiting member 1-10 is located right in front of the sliding groove 1-6, so that the longitudinal bridge slippage of each pushing can be ensured, and the pushing process can be carried out stably and safely.
In this embodiment, the longitudinal position-limiting members 1 to 10 are horizontally arranged limiting rods and are located at the upper parts of the sliding grooves 1 to 6, and the longitudinal position-limiting members 1 to 10 are arranged along the transverse bridge direction. Therefore, the actual processing is very simple.
In order to ensure reliability, the longitudinal limiting piece 1-10 and the horizontal base 1-1 are processed and manufactured into a whole.
In this embodiment, the structures of the midspan temporary support pier 14 and the plurality of temporary support piers 11 are the same;
the midspan temporary support pier 14 and each temporary support pier 11 respectively comprise two temporary piers symmetrically arranged, and each temporary pier is provided with one walking type three-dimensional hydraulic jacking device 1 and one group of temporary support seats 5.
In this embodiment, the temporary support seat 5 is a steel support formed by splicing a plurality of i-shaped steels. Therefore, the steel box girder support device can meet the stable support requirement on the pushed steel box girder, is simple and convenient to disassemble and assemble, and is firm to fix.
As shown in fig. 9, 10, 11 and 12, each of the temporary piers includes two groups of support columns 11-2 arranged symmetrically left and right, two cross beams 11-3 arranged on the same horizontal plane, and a horizontal longitudinal beam 11-4 supported on the two cross beams 11-3 and supporting the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment 1 and the temporary support base 5, wherein the cross beams 11-3 are arranged horizontally and arranged along the transverse bridge direction, and the horizontal longitudinal beams 11-4 are arranged along the longitudinal bridge direction and arranged parallel to the horizontal base 1-1. Therefore, the temporary pier is simple in structure, reasonable in design and simple and convenient to disassemble and assemble, and can meet the stable supporting requirements of the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment 1 and the temporary supporting seat 5.
And two groups of support columns 11-2 in the temporary buttress 11 are supported on a drilling pile foundation. Two groups of support columns 11-2 in the midspan temporary support pier 14 are supported on the top of the midspan support pier 2.
The bored pile foundation includes a plurality of vertical bored piles 14-4 and a horizontal cap 14-5 supported on the plurality of vertical bored piles 14-4.
Each group of support columns 11-2 comprises two support columns 11-2 which are symmetrically arranged in front and at the back, the two support columns 11-2 are arranged on the same vertical plane, the two support columns 11-2 in the midspan temporary support pier 14 are vertical support columns, the two support columns 11-2 in each group of support columns 11-2 in the temporary support pier 11 are inclined columns, and the distance between the two inclined columns is gradually increased from bottom to top; the two support columns 11-2 are a front support column and a rear support column located right behind the front support column respectively. The two front support columns in each temporary pier are respectively provided with one beam 11-3, and the two rear support columns in each temporary pier are respectively provided with one beam 11-3.
To further ensure the stability, the connection beams 11-1 are used for connecting two front support columns in each temporary pier, two rear support columns in each temporary pier and two support columns 11-2 in each group of support columns 11-2. In the embodiment, the supporting columns 11-2 and the connecting beams 11-1 are steel pipes, so that the dismounting is simple and convenient, and the supporting effect is good.
In this embodiment, the horizontal longitudinal beam 11-4 is an i-steel. And the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment 1 supported on the pushing buttress and the temporary supporting seat 5 are welded and fixed on the horizontal longitudinal beam 11-4. Therefore, the welding is firm, the fixing is reliable, and the disassembly and the assembly are simple and convenient.
In this embodiment, the mid-span buttress 2 and the plurality of temporary buttresses 11 are all water piers.
Each hydraulic driving device is connected with a hydraulic oil tank through a hydraulic pipeline, a hydraulic pump, an electromagnetic flow control valve and an electromagnetic reversing valve are mounted on the hydraulic pipeline, the hydraulic pump, the electromagnetic flow control valve and the electromagnetic reversing valve are controlled by the PLC, and the hydraulic pump, the electromagnetic flow control valve and the electromagnetic reversing valve are all connected with the PLC; the PLC controls the hydraulic driving device connected with the hydraulic pipeline by controlling the hydraulic pump, the electromagnetic flow control valve and the electromagnetic directional valve which are arranged on the same hydraulic pipeline. Therefore, the actual control is simple and convenient, the control effect is good, and the synchronous control of a plurality of walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment 1 can be simply and conveniently realized.
In this embodiment, the hydraulic pumps, the electromagnetic flow control valves and the electromagnetic directional valves on the hydraulic pipelines connected between all the hydraulic driving devices and the hydraulic oil tank in each walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment 1 are all controlled by the same PLC controller; install flow detection unit and oil pressure detecting element on the hydraulic pressure pipeline, flow detection unit and oil pressure detecting element all with the PLC controller is connected, and the actual monitoring is simple and convenient
In this embodiment, the vertical jacking device 1-3, the longitudinal pushing device 1-4 and the transverse deviation correcting device 1-5 are all hydraulic oil cylinders. The stroke of the vertical jacking device 1-3 is 300mm, the jacking speed of the vertical jacking device is 7mm/min, the stroke of the longitudinal pushing device 1-4 is 1010mm, and the maximum jacking speed of the longitudinal pushing device is 210 mm/min; the number of the transverse deviation rectifying devices 1-5 in each walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment 1 is two, the stroke of each transverse deviation rectifying device 1-5 is 100mm, and the maximum pushing speed is 35 mm/min. Therefore, the displacement of each forward pushing is not more than 1010mm, and the stability and the safety of the pushing process can be effectively ensured.
In order to further ensure that the pushed steel box girder can simply, quickly and stably slide on the longitudinal slide 6, a longitudinal movement traction device is arranged above the front part of each longitudinal slide 6, and each longitudinal movement traction device comprises a through jack 14-1 for dragging the pushed steel box girder to slide forwards on the longitudinal slide 6 and a traction rope 14-2 penetrating through the through jack 14-1.
A plurality of sliding blocks 14-3 capable of sliding back and forth on the longitudinal movement slideway 6 are arranged from front to back above each longitudinal movement slideway 6, and the bottom of each sliding block 14-3 is provided with a sliding groove for mounting the longitudinal movement slideway 6. The sliding blocks 14-3 are fixed to the bottom of the pushed steel box girder from front to back, one sliding block 14-3 located at the foremost side in the sliding blocks 14-3 is a front-end sliding block, the rear end of the traction rope 14-2 is fixed to the front-end sliding block, a counter-force seat is arranged above the front portion of each longitudinal movement slideway 6, the rear portion of the center penetrating jack 14-1 is supported on the counter-force seat, and the center penetrating jack 14-1 is supported on the longitudinal movement slideway 6.
In order to realize smooth forward translation of the pushed steel box girder on the longitudinal moving slideway 6, in the second embodiment, the longitudinal moving slideway 6 is an inclined slideway and gradually inclines upwards from back to front in the step two, and the top height of the front end of the longitudinal moving slideway 6 is not higher than the top height of a permanent support which is arranged on the beam end buttress 3 and used for supporting the pushed steel box girder. In addition, in order to ensure the linear shape of the pushed steel box girder, the shape of the longitudinal movement slideway 6 is the same as the pre-camber of the pushed steel box girder, and the linear shape of the pushed steel box girder in the assembling process can be ensured.
As shown in fig. 16, the longitudinal movement slideway 6 is made of reinforced concrete, a layer of sliding steel plate 10 is flatly laid on the top of the longitudinal movement slideway 6, and the sliding steel plate 10 is arranged along the length direction of the longitudinal movement slideway 6. Therefore, the pushed steel box girder can be effectively ensured to simply, conveniently, rapidly and stably slide on the longitudinal movement slideway 6, and the stability and the reliability of the longitudinal movement slideway 6 can be ensured. In this embodiment, the longitudinal movement slideway 6 is of a continuous beam structure, the span is 6m, the section width is 1.5m, the height is 1.2m, and the thickness of the sliding steel plate 10 is 20 mm.
A slideway steel reinforcement cage is arranged in the longitudinal moving slideway 6 and comprises a plurality of vertical stirrups 6-1 arranged from front to back along the length direction of the longitudinal moving slideway 6 and a plurality of longitudinal stressed steel reinforcements 6-2 arranged along the length direction of the longitudinal moving slideway 6, and each vertical stirrup 6-1 is fixedly connected with the longitudinal stressed steel reinforcements 6-2 into a whole; each vertical stirrup 6-1 is uniformly distributed on one cross section of the longitudinal slide 6.
In this embodiment, the longitudinal movement slideway 6 comprises a reinforced concrete support beam 6-3 and a reinforced concrete slideway 6-4 arranged right above the reinforced concrete support beam 6-3, the reinforced concrete slideway 6-4 is arranged along the length direction of the reinforced concrete support beam 6-3 and has the same length, the rear end of the reinforced concrete slideway 6-4 is flush with the rear end of the reinforced concrete support beam 6-3, and the sliding steel plate 10 is flatly laid on the reinforced concrete slideway 6-4.
In order to ensure good use effect of the longitudinal movement slideway 6 and ensure the stability of the pushed steel box girder and prevent the pushed steel box girder from danger of lateral movement, overturning and the like in the longitudinal movement process, the reinforced concrete slideway 6-4 is divided into a lower supporting slideway and an upper slideway positioned right above the lower supporting slideway, and the lower supporting slideway is positioned right above the reinforced concrete supporting beam 6-3; the cross section of under bracing slide is isosceles trapezoid and its width reduces by lower supreme gradually, the cross section of going up the slide be the rectangle and its width with the upper portion width of under bracing slide is the same, the steel sheet 10 that slides support in go up the slide on and its width is less than go up the width of slide. The sliding block 14-3 is arranged on the upper slideway, so that the sliding process is safe and reliable.
In the embodiment, two corner angle bead steels 6-5 are arranged at the upper part of the upper slideway, the two corner angle bead steels 6-5 are arranged in parallel and are symmetrically arranged above the left side and the right side of the upper slideway; the two angle bead angle steels 6-5 are all arranged along the length direction of the upper slideway, one side of each angle bead angle steel 6-5 is a vertical side, the other side of each angle bead angle steel is a horizontal side, the horizontal distance between the outer side walls of the vertical sides of the two angle bead angle steels 6-5 is the same as the width of the upper slideway, the horizontal sides of the two angle bead angle steels 6-5 are arranged on the same plane, the clear distance between the horizontal sides is smaller than the width of the sliding steel plate 10, and the upper surfaces of the horizontal sides of the two angle bead angle steels 6-5 are flush with the upper surface of the upper slideway; the sliding steel plate 10 and the horizontal edges of the two corner angle steel 6-5 are welded and fixed into a whole. Thus, the fixing firmness and the roundness of the sliding steel plate 10 can be ensured, the pushing process is ensured to be carried out simply, conveniently, quickly and stably, and the service life of the longitudinal sliding chute 6 can be ensured.
Go up the inside left and right sides of slide and all be provided with one vertical reinforcement 6-6, every 6-5 inboards of angle bead angle steel all are provided with one vertical reinforcement 6-6, vertical reinforcement 6-6 include vertical reinforcing plate and connect in the inboard slant gusset plate in vertical reinforcing plate bottom, vertical reinforcing plate is hugged closely and its vertical limit inboard that is fixed in with angle bead angle steel 6-5 with the vertical limit of fixing angle bead angle steel 6-5, the slant gusset plate is located vertical reinforcing plate inboard below, the slant gusset plate from top to bottom inwards inclines gradually. The oblique reinforcing plate and the vertical reinforcing plate are connected into a whole, and the longitudinal reinforcing piece 6-6 is formed by bending a rectangular flat plate.
Each vertical stirrup 6-1 comprises a lower stirrup positioned in the lower supporting slideway and an upper stirrup positioned right above the lower stirrup and fixedly connected with the lower stirrup into a whole, and the upper stirrup is positioned in the upper slideway; the lower stirrup is a rectangular stirrup, and the upper stirrup is a reversed V-shaped stirrup. Therefore, the supporting strength of the rip fence 6 can be further ensured.
In this embodiment, the temporary support foundation located below the left side of the pushed steel box girder in the assembly jig frame is a left support foundation, and the temporary support foundation located below the right side of the pushed steel box girder in the assembly jig frame is a right support foundation.
All the left supporting bases and the left pushing equipment in the assembling jig frame are arranged on the same vertical surface, and all the right supporting bases and the right pushing equipment in the assembling jig frame are arranged on the same vertical surface;
all the walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing devices 1 supported on the left supporting base are the left pushing devices, and all the walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing devices 1 supported on the right supporting base are the right pushing devices;
all three-dimensional adjusting devices supported on the left supporting base are left adjusting devices, and all three-dimensional adjusting devices supported on the right supporting base are right adjusting devices;
all the left side adjusting devices and the left side pushing equipment in the assembling jig frame are arranged on the same vertical surface, and all the right side adjusting devices and the right side pushing equipment in the assembling jig frame are arranged on the same vertical surface;
each pushing base is provided with a group of temporary supporting seats 5.
In this embodiment, the pushing bases are respectively arranged in front of the left side and the right side of the beam-end buttress 3, and the two pushing bases arranged in front of the beam-end buttress 3 form one pushing buttress;
each pushing foundation arranged in front of the beam-end buttress 3 is provided with one walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing device 1;
the pushing foundation positioned in front of the left side of the beam-end buttress 3 is the left-side support foundation, and the pushing foundation positioned in front of the right side of the beam-end buttress 3 is the right-side support foundation;
the temporary buttress is a rear-side temporary buttress, the pushing foundation arranged in front of the beam-end buttress 3 is located between the rear-side temporary buttress and the beam-end buttress 3. Therefore, the arrangement positions of the pushing buttresses are flexible, and the requirements of bridge pushing on different construction occasions can be met.
In this embodiment, each group of the temporary support foundations comprises 5 temporary support foundations, 5 temporary support foundations are respectively a first support foundation 7-1, a second support foundation 7-2, a third support foundation 7-3, a fourth support foundation 7-4 and a fifth support foundation 7-5 from back to front, the first support foundation 7-1, the second support foundation 7-2 and the fourth support foundation 7-4 are the adjustment foundations, and the third support foundation 7-3 and the fifth support foundation 7-5 are the pushing foundations.
The pushing foundations positioned in front of the left side and the right side of the beam-end buttress 3 are sixth supporting foundations 7-6.
During actual construction, the number of the temporary support foundations in each group of the temporary support foundations, the arrangement positions of the temporary support foundations, and the number and the arrangement positions of the adjustment foundations and the pushing foundations in each group of the temporary support foundations can be adjusted correspondingly according to specific requirements, and the actual mode is flexible.
In this embodiment, the temporary support foundation is a concrete foundation. In addition, the temporary support foundation is a cube, so that the actual construction is simple and convenient, and the support effect is good.
The walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment 1 and the temporary supporting seat 5 which are supported on the temporary supporting foundation are fixed on the temporary supporting foundation through embedded parts. Therefore, the fixing is firm and reliable, and the disassembly and the assembly are simple and convenient.
In this embodiment, the length of the steel box girder segment 4 is 10m to 15m, and the distance between two adjacent pushing buttresses at the front and the back is not more than 1.6L, wherein L is the length of the steel box girder segment 4.
Therefore, the length of the steel box girder segment 4 can be effectively increased by adopting the self-balancing jacking device, the length of the steel box girder segment 4 is increased to more than 12m from the traditional segment which is not more than 8m, a guide beam and a slide way girder are not needed, jacking is simple and convenient, a sliding surface is changed into the interior of jacking equipment from the slide way girder, the friction force for advancing jacking is greatly reduced, overlarge horizontal load of a pier or a temporary pier in the construction process is avoided, and real self-balancing jacking is realized.
In this embodiment, the three-dimensional adjusting device is a three-dimensional adjusting jack 7. In practice, other types of three-dimensional adjustment means may be used.
During actual processing, the number of the transverse deviation rectifying devices 1-5 in each walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment 1 is multiple, and the plurality of transverse deviation rectifying devices 1-5 are arranged on the same horizontal plane from front to back along the longitudinal bridge direction. The number of the longitudinal pushing devices 1-4 in each walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment 1 is one or more, and the longitudinal pushing devices 1-4 are arranged on the same horizontal plane from left to right along the transverse bridge.
In this embodiment, the number of the longitudinal pushing devices 1 to 4 in each walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing device 1 is one, and the number of the transverse deviation rectifying devices 1 to 5 in each walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing device 1 is two. In actual processing, the number of the longitudinal pushing devices 1 to 4 in each walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing device 1 and the number of the transverse deviation rectifying devices 1 to 5 in each walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing device 1 can be adjusted respectively according to specific requirements.
In this embodiment, in the step C3, an assembling pushing device is adopted, and in the process of pushing the assembled beam forward by two longitudinally moving slideways 6 from back to front for multiple times, the position of the assembled beam is adjusted in the transverse bridge direction by controlling the transverse deviation rectifying devices 1-5 of the walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing devices 1 in the assembling pushing device, so that the assembled beam is located on the design central axis of the pushed steel box girder.
And in the step C4, when the box girder pushing device is used to push the pushed steel box girder assembled in the step C3 forward for a plurality of times, the position of the pushed steel box girder is adjusted in the transverse bridge direction by controlling the transverse deviation rectifying devices 1-5 of the walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment 1 in the box girder pushing device, so that the pushed steel box girder is located on the design central axis of the pushed steel box girder.
In order to ensure the pushing effect, each walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing device 1 is provided with a jacking displacement sensor for detecting the jacking displacement of the vertical jacking device 1-3 in real time, a longitudinal pushing displacement sensor for detecting the pushing displacement of the longitudinal pushing device 1-4 in real time and a transverse pushing displacement sensor for detecting the pushing displacement of the transverse deviation correcting device 1-5 in real time, and the jacking displacement sensor, the longitudinal pushing displacement sensor and the transverse pushing displacement sensor are all connected with a PLC (programmable logic controller) for controlling the walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing device 1. The PLC controller is a conventional PLC programmable logic controller.
Meanwhile, the horizontal pad beams 1-11 of each walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing device 1 are respectively provided with an inclination angle sensor for detecting the longitudinal inclination angle and the transverse inclination angle of the pushed steel box beam at the supporting position of the horizontal pad beam in real time, and the inclination angle sensors are connected with a PLC (programmable logic controller) for controlling the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing device 1.
Therefore, the pushing state of each walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing device 1 can be controlled accurately and visually in real time, and the pushed steel box girders can be adjusted in the vertical direction, the longitudinal direction and the transverse direction through the plurality of walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing devices 1, so that the arrangement position and the line type of the pushed steel box girders in the pushing process are ensured.
In this embodiment, in the step C3, an assembling pushing device is adopted, and the assembled beam body is pushed forward by two longitudinally moving slideways 6 from back to front for multiple times, and each time the assembled beam body is pushed forward, the process is as follows:
step A1, vertical jacking: controlling vertical jacking devices 1-3 of all walking type three-dimensional hydraulic jacking equipment 1 in the assembled jacking device to synchronously carry out upward jacking until the assembled beam body is separated from a temporary supporting seat 5 supported below the assembled beam body, so that the assembled beam body is supported on the assembled jacking device;
step A2, pushing forwards: controlling longitudinal pushing devices 1-4 of all walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment 1 in the assembling pushing device to synchronously push forwards and driving the assembled beam body to synchronously move forwards;
step A3, descending: controlling vertical jacking devices 1-3 of all walking type three-dimensional hydraulic jacking equipment 1 in the splicing jacking devices to descend synchronously until the spliced beam body is supported on a plurality of temporary supporting seats 5 positioned below the beam body;
step a4, retract backward: controlling longitudinal pushing devices 1-4 of all walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment 1 in the assembling pushing device to retract backwards synchronously. Thus, a pushing stroke of the longitudinal pushing device 1-4 is completed.
In the step C4, the box girder pushing device is used to push the pushed steel box girder assembled in the step C3 forward for a plurality of times, and each time the pushed steel box girder is pushed forward, the process is as follows:
step B1, vertical jacking: controlling vertical jacking devices 1-3 of all walking type three-dimensional hydraulic jacking equipment 1 in the box girder jacking devices to synchronously carry out upward jacking until the pushed steel box girder is separated from a temporary supporting seat 5 supported below the pushed steel box girder, so that the pushed steel box girder is supported on the box girder jacking devices;
step B2, pushing forwards: controlling longitudinal pushing devices 1-4 of all walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment 1 in the box girder pushing devices to synchronously push forwards and driving the pushed steel box girders to synchronously move forwards;
step B3, descending: controlling vertical jacking devices 1-3 of all walking type three-dimensional hydraulic jacking equipment 1 in the box girder jacking devices to synchronously descend until the steel box girder to be pushed is supported on a plurality of temporary supporting seats 5 positioned below the steel box girder to be pushed;
step B4, retract backward: controlling longitudinal pushing devices 1-4 of all walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment 1 in the box girder pushing devices to synchronously retract backwards.
In this embodiment, one steel box girder segment 4 located at the foremost end among the plurality of steel box girder segments 4 of the pushed steel box girder is a front end segment, and one steel box girder segment 4 located at the rearmost end among the plurality of steel box girder segments 4 is a rear end segment;
when the plurality of steel box girder segments 4 of the pushed steel box girder are respectively assembled from front to back in the step C3, the plurality of steel box girder segments 4 are assembled one by one from front to back, and the process is as follows:
step 301, hoisting and position adjusting of the front end section: hoisting the front end section of the pushed steel box girder to two longitudinally-moving slideways 6 by adopting hoisting equipment, and synchronously adjusting the position of the front end section by all three-dimensional adjusting devices supported below the front end section;
at this time, the front end section is located above the rear parts of the two longitudinal movement slideways 6 and is supported on the three-dimensional adjusting devices;
step 302, front end segment pushing and position adjusting: synchronously pushing the front end section forwards for multiple times by adopting all walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment 1 supported below the front end section at the moment until the assembly position of the next steel box girder section 4 is reserved above the rear part of the two longitudinally moving slideways 6; then synchronously adjusting the position of the front end section through all three-dimensional adjusting devices supported below the front end section;
step 303, assembling and position adjusting of the next steel box girder segment: hoisting the next steel box girder segment 4 of the pushed steel box girder to two longitudinally-moving slideways 6 by adopting hoisting equipment, fastening and connecting the steel box girder segment 4 and the steel box girder segment 4 positioned on the front side of the steel box girder segment into a whole to obtain the assembled girder body after assembly, synchronously adjusting the position of the assembled girder body by all three-dimensional adjusting devices supported below the assembled girder body at the moment, and forming the assembled adjusting devices by all three-dimensional adjusting devices supported below the assembled girder body at the moment;
in the step, the assembled steel box girder segment 4 is positioned at the rear side of the assembled girder body;
step 304, assembling completion judgment: judging whether the assembled steel box girder segment 4 in the step 303 is the rear end segment: when the steel box girder segments 4 assembled in the step 303 are the rear end segments, completing the assembling process of all the steel box girder segments 4 in the pushed steel box girder to obtain the pushed steel box girder formed by assembling, and entering the step C4; otherwise, go to step 305;
305, pushing and position adjusting the assembled beam body: synchronously pushing the assembled beam body forwards for multiple times by adopting all walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment 1 supported below the assembled beam body at the moment until the assembling position of the next steel box girder segment 4 is reserved above the rear part of the two longitudinally-moving slideways 6; then synchronously adjusting the position of the assembled beam body through all three-dimensional adjusting devices supported below the assembled beam body, wherein all three-dimensional adjusting devices supported below the assembled beam body form the assembling adjusting device;
in this step, all the walking three-dimensional hydraulic thrusting devices 1 supported below the assembled beam body at this time constitute the assembled thrusting device.
Therefore, the pushing can be synchronously finished in the assembling process, the pushed steel box girder can be synchronously adjusted in the vertical direction, the longitudinal bridge direction and the transverse bridge direction in the pushing process, and the arrangement position and the line type of the pushed steel box girder in the pushing process are ensured.
In this embodiment, when the positions of the front end sections are synchronously adjusted by all the three-dimensional adjusting devices supported below the front end sections in step 301 and step 302, the positions of the front end sections are adjusted in three directions, namely, the vertical direction, the transverse direction and the longitudinal direction, so that the front end sections are located on the design central axis of the pushed steel box girder.
In addition, in step 303 and step 305, when the positions of the assembled beam bodies are synchronously adjusted by all the three-dimensional adjusting devices supported below the assembled beam bodies, the positions of the front end sections are adjusted in the vertical direction, the transverse bridge direction and the longitudinal bridge direction, so that the assembled beam bodies are positioned on the design central axis of the pushed steel box girder.
In the embodiment, the constructed steel box girder is a main girder of a cable-stayed bridge, and the construction process of erecting the constructed steel box girder can be simply, conveniently and quickly completed by adopting the invention.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the present invention, and all simple modifications, changes and equivalent structural changes made to the above embodiment according to the technical spirit of the present invention still fall within the protection scope of the technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A steel box girder pushing construction method based on walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment is characterized by comprising the following steps: two ends of the constructed steel box girder are respectively supported on one beam-end buttress (3), a mid-span buttress (2) is arranged between the two beam-end buttresses (3), and the two beam-end buttresses (3) are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the mid-span buttress (2); the constructed steel box girder is divided into a first girder body (12) and a second girder body (13) by taking a mid-span buttress (2) as a boundary, wherein the first girder body (12) and the second girder body (13) are symmetrically arranged and have the same structure and size; the first beam body (12) and the second beam body (13) are both steel box beams formed by splicing a plurality of steel box beam sections (4) from front to back, the midspan buttress (2) and the beam-end buttress (3) are both permanent buttresses which are vertically arranged and are both reinforced concrete buttresses, the front ends of the first beam body (12) and the second beam body (13) are both supported on the midspan buttress (2), and the rear ends of the first beam body and the second beam body are both supported on one beam-end buttress (3);
when the construction steel box girder is subjected to pushing construction, the method comprises the following steps:
step one, constructing a temporary buttress and a midspan temporary buttress: respectively constructing each temporary buttress (11) between the two beam-end buttresses (3), and constructing two midspan temporary buttress (14) on the constructed midspan buttress (2);
step two, pushing the beam body: synchronously pushing a first beam body (12) and a second beam body (13), wherein the pushing methods of the first beam body (12) and the second beam body (13) are the same, the first beam body and the second beam body are both pushed by walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment, and the first beam body (12) and the second beam body (13) are both pushed steel box beams;
a plurality of temporary buttresses (11) for supporting the pushed steel box girder are arranged between each beam-end buttress (3) and the mid-span buttress (2) from front to back along the length direction of the pushed steel box girder, and the plurality of temporary buttresses (11) are vertically arranged; the midspan buttress (2) is provided with two midspan temporary buttress piers (14) which are symmetrically arranged at the front and the back, and the front end of each pushed steel box girder is supported on one midspan temporary buttress pier (14); all temporary buttresses (11) between the two mid-span temporary buttresses (14) and the two beam-end buttresses (3) are uniformly distributed on the same vertical surface; each temporary buttress (11) and each midspan temporary buttress (14) are pushing buttresses;
an assembling jig frame for assembling the pushed steel box girder is arranged right behind each beam-end buttress (3); each assembling jig frame comprises a left temporary support foundation and a right temporary support foundation which are symmetrically arranged and a left longitudinal moving slideway (6) and a right longitudinal moving slideway (6) which are symmetrically arranged, the two longitudinal moving slideways (6) are arranged along the longitudinal bridge direction, the two longitudinal moving slideways (6) are positioned between the two temporary support foundations and are positioned on the rear side of the beam end buttress (3), each temporary support foundation comprises a plurality of temporary support foundations which are arranged from front to back along the length direction of the pushed steel box beam, and each temporary support foundation is a horizontal support foundation; the temporary supporting foundation is a pushing foundation for horizontally placing a walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing device (1) or an adjusting foundation for horizontally placing a three-dimensional adjusting device, and each adjusting foundation is provided with one three-dimensional adjusting device; the three-dimensional adjusting device is supported between the pushed steel box girder and the adjusting foundation, and can adjust the pushed steel box girder in the vertical direction, the transverse bridge direction and the longitudinal bridge direction; the number of the pushing bases and the number of the adjusting bases in each group of temporary supporting bases are multiple; the left pushing foundation and the right pushing foundation which are symmetrically arranged form one pushing buttress, and each pushing foundation is provided with one walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing device (1);
each pushing buttress is provided with a group of walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment (1), and each group of walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment (1) comprises two walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment (1) which are symmetrically distributed on the same pushing buttress at the left and right; the two walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing devices (1) are respectively a left side pushing device positioned below the left side of the pushed steel box girder and a right side pushing device positioned below the right side of the pushed steel box girder; all left-side pushing devices in the multiple groups of walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing devices (1) are arranged on the same vertical plane from front to back along the length direction of the pushed steel box girder, and all right-side pushing devices in the multiple groups of walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing devices (1) are arranged on the same vertical plane from front to back along the length direction of the pushed steel box girder;
each pushing buttress is provided with a left group of temporary supporting seats and a right group of temporary supporting seats (5) which are symmetrically arranged and support the pushed steel box girder, and the temporary supporting seats (5) are vertically arranged and positioned below the pushed steel box girder; each group of temporary supporting seats (5) comprises two temporary supporting seats (5) which are respectively arranged on the front side and the rear side of the same walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment (1), and the temporary supporting seats (5) are respectively arranged right in front of and right behind each walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment (1) on the same pushing buttress;
the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment (1) is positioned below the pushed steel box girder; the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment (1) comprises a horizontal base (1-1), a sliding seat (1-2) capable of horizontally moving back and forth and horizontally moving left and right on the horizontal base (1-1), two vertical jacking devices (1-3) which are arranged on the sliding seat (1-2) and can synchronously move along with the sliding seat (1-2), a longitudinal pushing device (1-4) which is arranged at the rear side of the horizontal base (1-1) and drives the sliding seat (1-2) to horizontally move back and forth, and a transverse deviation correcting device (1-5) which is arranged on the horizontal base (1-1) and drives the sliding seat (1-2) to horizontally move left and right, wherein the horizontal base (1-1) is arranged along the longitudinal bridge direction and is arranged along the length direction of a pushed steel box beam, the two vertical jacking devices (1-3) and the horizontal base (1-1) are uniformly distributed on the same vertical surface, and the two vertical jacking devices (1-3) are respectively arranged above the front side and the rear side of the sliding seat (1-2); the longitudinal pushing devices (1-4) are horizontally arranged and are arranged along the longitudinal bridge direction, the transverse deviation correcting devices (1-5) are horizontally arranged and are arranged along the transverse bridge direction, and the transverse deviation correcting devices (1-5) are positioned on the left side or the right side of the sliding seat (1-2) and are vertically arranged with the longitudinal pushing devices (1-4);
each walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing device (1) is controlled by a main controller (9), and the main controller (9) is connected with an upper computer (8); the vertical jacking device (1-3), the longitudinal pushing device (1-4) and the transverse deviation correcting device (1-5) in each walking type three-dimensional hydraulic jacking device (1) are hydraulic driving devices controlled by the same main controller (9), and the hydraulic driving devices are hydraulic jacks or hydraulic oil cylinders;
when walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment is adopted to push the first beam body (12) or the second beam body (13), the method comprises the following steps:
step C1, assembling the jig frame: constructing one assembling jig frame right behind a beam end buttress (3) for supporting the rear end of the pushed steel box beam to obtain a plurality of groups of constructed and formed temporary supporting foundations and two longitudinal moving slideways (6), wherein the constructed and formed temporary supporting foundations are the pushing foundations or the adjusting foundations;
c2, constructing a three-dimensional adjusting device, pushing equipment and a temporary supporting seat: a group of walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment (1) is uniformly distributed on each temporary buttress (11) constructed in the step C1, and two groups of temporary supporting seats (5) symmetrically distributed at left and right are distributed on each temporary buttress (11); meanwhile, the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment (1) and a group of temporary supporting seats (5) are uniformly distributed on each pushing basis constructed in the step C1, and the three-dimensional adjusting devices are uniformly distributed on each adjusting basis constructed in the step C1;
step C3, assembling the steel box girder and synchronously pushing: c1, assembling the steel box girder sections (4) of the pushed steel box girder from front to back by using the assembled jig constructed in the step C1, wherein an assembled pushing device is adopted in the assembling process, and the assembled girder body is pushed forward for multiple times from back to front through two longitudinally moving slideways (6); after all the steel box girder sections (4) in the pushed steel box girder are assembled, the assembled and formed pushed steel box girder is obtained;
the assembled beam body is a beam body consisting of a plurality of assembled steel box girder segments (4), and the assembling jacking device is a jacking device consisting of all walking three-dimensional hydraulic jacking equipment (1) supported below the assembled beam body;
in the step, the position of the assembled beam body is adjusted by adopting an assembling adjusting device in the assembling process, wherein the assembling adjusting device is an adjusting device consisting of all three-dimensional adjusting devices supported below the assembled beam body;
step C4, pushing the steel box girder: c, pushing the pushed steel box girder assembled in the step C3 forwards for multiple times by adopting a box girder pushing device until the pushed steel box girder is pushed in place;
the box girder pushing device is a pushing device consisting of all walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment (1) supported below the pushed steel box girder;
step three, midspan folding: and after the first beam body (12) and the second beam body (13) are pushed to the right position, the first beam body (12) and the second beam body (13) are folded to obtain the constructed steel box girder formed by construction.
2. The steel box girder pushing construction method based on the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment as recited in claim 1, wherein: c3, adopting an assembling pushing device, and controlling a transverse deviation correcting device (1-5) of each walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment (1) in the assembling pushing device to adjust the position of the assembled beam body in the transverse bridge direction in the process of pushing the assembled beam body forwards for multiple times from back to front through two longitudinally-moving slideways (6), so that the assembled beam body is positioned on the design central axis of the pushed steel box girder;
and C4, in the process of pushing the pushed steel box girder assembled in the step C3 forwards by adopting a box girder pushing device for multiple times, adjusting the position of the pushed steel box girder in the transverse bridge direction by controlling the transverse deviation rectifying devices (1-5) of the walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment (1) in the box girder pushing device, so that the pushed steel box girder is positioned on the design central axis of the pushed steel box girder.
3. The steel box girder pushing construction method based on the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment as recited in claim 1 or 2, wherein: in the step C3, an assembling pushing device is adopted, and the assembled beam body is pushed forwards for multiple times from back to front through two longitudinally-moving slideways (6), wherein each time the assembled beam body is pushed forwards, the process is as follows:
step A1, vertical jacking: controlling vertical jacking devices (1-3) of all walking type three-dimensional hydraulic jacking equipment (1) in the assembled jacking device to synchronously carry out upward jacking until the assembled beam body is separated from a temporary supporting seat (5) supported below the assembled beam body, so that the assembled beam body is supported on the assembled jacking device;
step A2, pushing forwards: controlling longitudinal pushing devices (1-4) of all walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment (1) in the assembling pushing device to synchronously push forwards and drive the assembled beam body to synchronously move forwards;
step A3, descending: controlling vertical jacking devices (1-3) of all walking type three-dimensional hydraulic jacking equipment (1) in the assembling jacking devices to synchronously descend until the assembled beam body is supported on a plurality of temporary supporting seats (5) positioned below the beam body;
step a4, retract backward: controlling longitudinal pushing devices (1-4) of all walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment (1) in the splicing pushing device to retract backwards synchronously;
in the step C4, the box girder pushing device is used to push the pushed steel box girder assembled in the step C3 forward for a plurality of times, and each time the pushed steel box girder is pushed forward, the process is as follows:
step B1, vertical jacking: controlling vertical jacking devices (1-3) of all walking type three-dimensional hydraulic jacking equipment (1) in the box girder jacking device to synchronously carry out upward jacking until the pushed steel box girder is separated from a temporary supporting seat (5) supported below the pushed steel box girder, so that the pushed steel box girder is supported on the box girder jacking device;
step B2, pushing forwards: controlling longitudinal pushing devices (1-4) of all walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment (1) in the box girder pushing devices to synchronously push forwards and driving the pushed steel box girder to synchronously move forwards;
step B3, descending: controlling vertical jacking devices (1-3) of all walking type three-dimensional hydraulic jacking equipment (1) in the box girder jacking devices to synchronously descend until the pushed steel box girder is supported on a plurality of temporary supporting seats (5) positioned below the box girder jacking devices;
step B4, retract backward: controlling longitudinal pushing devices (1-4) of all walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment (1) in the box girder pushing devices to retract backwards synchronously.
4. The steel box girder pushing construction method based on the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment as recited in claim 1 or 2, wherein: one steel box girder segment (4) positioned at the foremost end in the plurality of steel box girder segments (4) of the pushed steel box girder is a front end segment, and one steel box girder segment (4) positioned at the rearmost end in the plurality of steel box girder segments (4) is a rear end segment;
when the steel box girder segments (4) of the pushed steel box girder are respectively assembled from front to back in the step C3, the steel box girder segments (4) are assembled one by one from front to back, and the process is as follows:
step 301, hoisting and position adjusting of the front end section: hoisting the front end section of the pushed steel box girder to two longitudinally moving slideways (6) by adopting hoisting equipment, and synchronously adjusting the position of the front end section by all three-dimensional adjusting devices supported below the front end section;
at the moment, the front end section is positioned above the rear parts of the two longitudinal movement slideways (6) and is supported on the three-dimensional adjusting devices;
step 302, front end segment pushing and position adjusting: synchronously pushing the front end section forwards for multiple times by adopting all walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment (1) supported below the front end section at the moment until the splicing position of the next steel box girder section (4) is reserved above the rear part of the two longitudinally-moving slideways (6); then synchronously adjusting the position of the front end section through all three-dimensional adjusting devices supported below the front end section;
step 303, assembling and position adjusting of the next steel box girder segment: hoisting the next steel box girder segment (4) of the pushed steel box girder to two longitudinally-moving slideways (6) by adopting hoisting equipment, fastening and connecting the steel box girder segment (4) and the steel box girder segment (4) positioned on the front side of the steel box girder segment into a whole to obtain the assembled girder body after assembly, synchronously adjusting the position of the assembled girder body by all three-dimensional adjusting devices supported below the assembled girder body at the moment, and forming the assembled adjusting device by all three-dimensional adjusting devices supported below the assembled girder body at the moment;
in the step, the assembled steel box girder segment (4) is positioned at the last side of the assembled girder body;
step 304, assembling completion judgment: judging whether the assembled steel box girder segment (4) in the step 303 is the rear end segment: when the steel box girder segments (4) assembled in the step 303 are the rear end segments, completing the assembling process of all the steel box girder segments (4) in the pushed steel box girder to obtain the pushed steel box girder formed by assembling, and entering the step C4; otherwise, go to step 305;
305, pushing and position adjusting the assembled beam body: synchronously pushing the assembled beam forward for multiple times by adopting all walking three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment (1) supported below the assembled beam at the moment until the assembling position of the next steel box girder segment (4) is reserved above the rear part of the two longitudinally-moving slideways (6); then synchronously adjusting the position of the assembled beam body through all three-dimensional adjusting devices supported below the assembled beam body, wherein all three-dimensional adjusting devices supported below the assembled beam body form the assembling adjusting device;
in this step, all the walking three-dimensional hydraulic thrusting devices (1) supported below the assembled beam body form the assembled thrusting device.
5. The steel box girder pushing construction method based on the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment as recited in claim 1 or 2, wherein: in step 301 and step 302, when the position of the front end section is synchronously adjusted through all three-dimensional adjusting devices supported below the front end section at the moment, the position of the front end section is adjusted in three directions, namely a vertical direction, a transverse bridge direction and a longitudinal bridge direction, so that the front end section is positioned on a design central axis of the pushed steel box girder;
in step 303 and step 305, when the positions of the assembled beam body are synchronously adjusted through all the three-dimensional adjusting devices supported below the assembled beam body, the positions of the front end sections are adjusted in the vertical direction, the transverse bridge direction and the longitudinal bridge direction, so that the assembled beam body is positioned on the design central axis of the pushed steel box girder.
6. The steel box girder pushing construction method based on the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment as recited in claim 1 or 2, wherein: the length of the steel box girder segment (4) is 10-15 m, the distance between two adjacent pushing buttresses in the front and the back is not more than 1.6L, and L is the length of the steel box girder segment (4).
7. The steel box girder pushing construction method based on the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment as recited in claim 1 or 2, wherein: and in the second step, the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic jacking equipment (1) further comprises a horizontal pad beam (1-11) horizontally supported on the two vertical jacking devices (1-3), wherein the horizontal pad beam (1-11) and the horizontal base (1-1) are arranged in parallel and are positioned below the pushed steel box beam.
8. The steel box girder pushing construction method based on the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment as recited in claim 1 or 2, wherein: in the second step, the horizontal base (1-1) is a cuboid steel base, a sliding groove (1-6) is formed in the middle of the inner side of the horizontal base, the sliding groove (1-6) is arranged along the longitudinal bridge direction, two sliding plates (1-8) are tiled on the upper portion of the horizontal base (1-1), the two sliding plates (1-8) are rectangular sliding plates which are arranged horizontally and are symmetrically arranged on the left side and the right side above the sliding groove (1-6), the two sliding plates (1-8) are arranged on the same horizontal plane, and the two sliding plates form a sliding plate on the upper portion of the base;
the sliding seat (1-2) is a steel support and comprises a longitudinal sliding block (1-7) which horizontally moves back and forth in a sliding groove (1-6) and sliding supports (1-9) which are horizontally supported on the sliding plate on the upper part of the base and can horizontally move back and forth and horizontally move left and right on the sliding plate on the upper part of the base, the longitudinal sliding block (1-7) is a concave sliding block positioned in the sliding groove (1-6) and comprises a cuboid sliding block positioned below the sliding supports (1-9) and two vertical limiting blocks respectively arranged above the front and rear ends of the cuboid sliding block, the two vertical limiting blocks and the cuboid sliding block have the same thickness, the three vertical limiting blocks are arranged on the same vertical surface, the cuboid sliding block is horizontally arranged and is connected with the two vertical limiting blocks into a whole, the two vertical limiting blocks are located right above the cuboid sliding block, the sliding support (1-9) is a rectangular support and clamped between the two vertical limiting blocks, and the two vertical limiting blocks form a longitudinal limiting mechanism for longitudinally limiting the sliding support (1-9).
9. The steel box girder pushing construction method based on the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment as recited in claim 1 or 2, wherein: in the second step, the master controller (9) is a PLC controller;
each hydraulic driving device is connected with a hydraulic oil tank through a hydraulic pipeline, a hydraulic pump, an electromagnetic flow control valve and an electromagnetic reversing valve are mounted on the hydraulic pipeline, the hydraulic pump, the electromagnetic flow control valve and the electromagnetic reversing valve are controlled by the PLC, and the hydraulic pump, the electromagnetic flow control valve and the electromagnetic reversing valve are all connected with the PLC; the PLC controls the hydraulic driving device connected with the hydraulic pipeline by controlling the hydraulic pump, the electromagnetic flow control valve and the electromagnetic directional valve which are arranged on the same hydraulic pipeline.
10. The steel box girder pushing construction method based on the walking type three-dimensional hydraulic pushing equipment as recited in claim 1 or 2, wherein: in the second step, the longitudinal moving slide way (6) is an inclined slide way and gradually inclines upwards from back to front, and the top height of the front end of the longitudinal moving slide way (6) is not higher than the top height of a permanent support for supporting the pushed steel box girder on the girder end buttress (3);
the longitudinal moving slideway (6) is a reinforced concrete slideway, a layer of sliding steel plate (10) is flatly laid on the top of the longitudinal moving slideway, and the sliding steel plate (10) is arranged along the length direction of the longitudinal moving slideway (6);
the three-dimensional adjusting device is a three-dimensional adjusting jack (7).
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