CN109570346A - Automatic press bending equipment - Google Patents

Automatic press bending equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109570346A
CN109570346A CN201910065279.4A CN201910065279A CN109570346A CN 109570346 A CN109570346 A CN 109570346A CN 201910065279 A CN201910065279 A CN 201910065279A CN 109570346 A CN109570346 A CN 109570346A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bending
block
workpiece
punching
rack
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Granted
Application number
CN201910065279.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109570346B (en
Inventor
徐浚木
王必海
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Huizhou Junpeng Technology Co Ltd
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Huizhou Junpeng Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910065279.4A priority Critical patent/CN109570346B/en
Publication of CN109570346A publication Critical patent/CN109570346A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D35/00Combined processes according to or processes combined with methods covered by groups B21D1/00 - B21D31/00
    • B21D35/001Shaping combined with punching, e.g. stamping and perforating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D28/00Shaping by press-cutting; Perforating
    • B21D28/24Perforating, i.e. punching holes
    • B21D28/26Perforating, i.e. punching holes in sheets or flat parts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D28/00Shaping by press-cutting; Perforating
    • B21D28/24Perforating, i.e. punching holes
    • B21D28/34Perforating tools; Die holders
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D5/00Bending sheet metal along straight lines, e.g. to form simple curves
    • B21D5/02Bending sheet metal along straight lines, e.g. to form simple curves on press brakes without making use of clamping means

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of automatic press bending equipments, it include: automatic punching device: punching rack, punching die and guiding device, punching die is set in punching rack, and including upper mold, multiple rows of red needle, regulating part, locating piece and lower die, one end of red needle is stretched out by one end of upper mold, and what regulating part can be removed is set in upper mold, and it is abutted with part red needle, locating piece can fix red needle, and lower die and upper mold cooperate workpiece punching, and guiding device exports the workpiece for punching hole;Feed device exports workpiece;Bending machine: bending rack, the first actuator, bending cutter head, bent base and trailing arm, bending cutter head and bent base cooperate workpiece bending, and trailing arm is connect with linking arm, and linking arm drives trailing arm to overturn to the direction of bending cutter head and holds up workpiece.This automatic press bending equipment can satisfy various punching demands, and bending is more stable, accurate.

Description

Automatic press bending equipment
Technical field
The present invention relates to the technical fields of gantry wire casing sheet metal component processing, set more particularly to a kind of automatic press bending It is standby.
Background technique
In the process operation of existing gantry wire casing sheet metal component, when to gantry wire casing sheet metal component punching, it is often necessary to more Punching die is changed to meet different punching demands, and generally use manual blowing and feeding when to sheet metal component punching, it is raw The efficiency for producing processing is lower, can waste a large amount of working hour and increase production cost, and there is also some processing risks.
In addition, sheet metal component is in bending, and since the fixation of sheet metal component is not sufficiently stable, when bending cutter head pushes sheet metal component, metal plate Golden part can tilt, and cause bending bad.In order to avoid the generation of this bad phenomenon, at bending metal plate one end, generally Can be by the way that manually the other end to be fixed, processing efficiency is slow, and high labor cost.
Summary of the invention
Based on this, it is necessary to be easy to happen positional shift when for punching low efficiency and bending operation and cause bending bad The problem of, providing one kind can satisfy various punching demands, and bending is more stable, accurately automatic press bending equipment.
A kind of automatic press bending equipment, comprising:
Automatic punching device, comprising: punching rack;Punching die is set in the punching rack, and the punching die Including upper mold, multiple rows of red needle, regulating part, locating piece and lower die, multiple rows of red needle is set to inside the upper mold, is rushed described in every row The quantity of needle is at least two, and the red needle has punch, and the punch is stretched out by one end of the upper mold, the adjusting What part can be removed is set in the upper mold, and abuts with the part red needle, and the regulating part makes the part red needle after removing It retracts in the upper mold, the locating piece is set in the upper mold, and for fixing the position of the red needle, the lower die is set There is the hole with red needle cooperation, the lower die and the upper mold cooperate workpiece punching;Guiding device is set to the perforating press On frame, and it is located at the first side of the punching die, the guiding device exports the workpiece for punching hole;
Feed device, has feed end and discharge end, and the feed end is connect with the guiding device;And
Bending machine, comprising: bending rack is connect with the discharge end;First actuator is set in the bending rack; Bending cutter head links with first actuator;Bent base is set in the bending rack, and first actuator drives It moves the bending cutter head to move to the bent base, and the workpiece bending in hole will be punched with bent base cooperation; Linking arm, is rotatably set in the bending rack and trailing arm, connect with the linking arm, the linking arm drive support Arm overturns to the direction of the bending cutter head and holds up the workpiece for punching hole.
Above-mentioned automatic press bending equipment is for first to gantry wire casing sheet metal component punching, then bending again.Pacify in upper mold When dress, the red needle for not needing punching is resisted by regulating part, then removes regulating part, so that the red needle for not needing punching is retracted In upper mold, and fixed by locating piece.Can be according to the needs of punching, selective stretch out part red needle will not from upper mold, It cannot participate in punching processing, there are many specification of punching can be arranged according to the needs in aperture, and then realize different size, difference The punching of position and different number.By feed device can be stable it is lasting workpiece is transported to bending position, can in bending Drive trailing arm that workpiece is held up upwards to rotate by linking arm, since bending can generate downward driving force, trailing arm to On towing force can form stable auxiliary force, prevent when to the bending of workpiece one end the other end to tilt, and unstable branch Support, causes bending position to shift.
Cavity is equipped in the upper mold in one of the embodiments, the part red needle is movable up and down to be set to institute It states in upper mold, and wears the cavity, the regulating part is detachably arranged in the cavity.
The regulating part includes the first adjusting block, first adjusting block and a wherein row in one of the embodiments, Two red needles abut, which wears the cavity, and first adjusting block is removed out of described cavity Afterwards, two red needles retreat in the cavity, and are positioned by the regulating part.
The middle part of the linking arm and the bending rack are rotatablely connected in one of the embodiments, the linking arm First end be fixedly connected with the trailing arm, the second end of the linking arm is free end.
The bending machine further includes jacking block and rotating block in one of the embodiments, and the jacking block and described first drive Moving part links, and is fixedly connected in the middle part of the rotating block and the linking arm, and first actuator drives the jacking block to institute The direction for stating bent base moves and compresses the rotating block, make rotating block rotation drive the first end of the linking arm to The bending cutter head tilts.
The rotating block is cylindrical in one of the embodiments, and its lateral surface be internally recessed be formed with V-type lack Mouthful, the inner wall that the jacking block compresses the v-notch makes the rotating block rotation that the first end of the linking arm be driven to tilt.
Feed device includes: rotary shafts in one of the embodiments, be set to the guiding device and the trailing arm it Between;Second actuator is set in the rotary shafts;Impeller, including first connecting rod and ejector block, the first connecting rod One end and second actuator link, the other end of the ejector block and the first connecting rod is rotatablely connected, described to push away Part block has promote-side, and second actuator drives the first connecting rod mobile to the bent base, makes the promotion The promote-side of part is abutted with the workpiece for punching hole, and the workpiece for punching hole is pushed to the bent base position; Second actuator drives the first connecting rod mobile far from the bent base, and the impeller can be by next work The gravity of part rotates down the promote-side, and the impeller returns to home position along the bottom of next workpiece.
Second actuator includes first servo motor, the first screw rod and the first connection in one of the embodiments, Block, the first servo motor are set in the rotary shafts, and one end of the first servo motor and first screw rod joins Dynamic, first screw rod is rotatably set in the rotary shafts, and one end of first screw rod is to the bent base Direction extend, first link block is equipped with the first threaded hole, and first threaded hole connect with first wire rod thread, One end of the first connecting rod is fixedly connected with first link block, and the first servo motor drives first screw rod Rotation makes first link block that the first connecting rod be driven to move along the first screw rod length direction.
It in one of the embodiments, further include discharging device, the discharging device includes: discharging rack, is set to described Side of the bending rack far from the trailing arm;Third actuator is set in the discharging rack;Suction part, including the second connection Bar and suction block, one end of second connecting rod and the third actuator link, and the suction block is connect with described second The other end of bar connects, and the suction block has suction end, and the third actuator drives second connecting rod to the folding Curved machine frame movement makes the suction end of the suction block and the absorption of workpieces processed;The third actuator driving described second Connecting rod pulls out the suction block workpiece processed by the bending rack far from the bending machine frame movement.
The third actuator includes the second servo motor, the second screw rod and the second connection in one of the embodiments, Block, second servo motor are set in the discharging rack, and one end of second servo motor and second screw rod joins Dynamic, second screw rod is rotatably set in the discharging rack, and one end of second screw rod is to the bending rack Direction extend, second link block is equipped with the second threaded hole, and second threaded hole connect with second wire rod thread, One end of second connecting rod is fixedly connected with second link block, and second servo motor drives second screw rod Rotation makes second link block that second connecting rod be driven to move along the second screw rod length direction.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of one embodiment of automatic press bending equipment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of one embodiment of punching die in automatic press bending equipment shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of the upper mold in punching die shown in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of internal structure of upper mold shown in Fig. 2;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of the lower die in punching die shown in Fig. 2.
Fig. 6 is that the fit structure of the bending machine and feed device, discharging device in automatic press bending equipment shown in Fig. 1 shows It is intended to;
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of one embodiment of bending machine in automatic press bending equipment shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 8 is the reference configuration schematic diagram of bending machine use state shown in Fig. 7;
Fig. 9 is the partial enlargement diagram in Fig. 8 at A;
Figure 10 is the structural schematic diagram of one embodiment of feed device in automatic press bending equipment shown in Fig. 1;
Figure 11 is the structural schematic diagram of the impeller in feed device shown in Figure 10;
Figure 12 is the structural schematic diagram of one embodiment of discharging device in automatic press bending equipment shown in Fig. 1.
In attached drawing, parts list represented by the reference numerals are as follows:
1, automatic press bending equipment;110, punching rack;120, punching die;121, upper mold;122, red needle;123, fixed Position part;124, lower die;125, hole;126, regulating part;127, the first adjusting block;128, the second adjusting block;129, third adjusting block; 130, the first guide post;131, the second guide post;140, guiding device;150, shear;160, gatherer;10, rotary shafts; 20, the second actuator;30, impeller;31, first connecting rod;32, ejector block;33, the first adsorption piece;34, first block is abutted; 40, first crossbar;50, the first sliding block;60, the first sliding rail;70, the first rotating member;71, chain;80, workbench;90, discharging machine Frame;91, the second connecting rod;92, suction block;93, the second servo motor;94, the second screw rod;95, second crossbar;96, second is sliding Rail;97, the second rotating member;200, bending machine;210, bending rack;220, the first actuator;230, bending cutter head;240, bending Pedestal;250, linking arm;260, trailing arm;262, idler wheel;270, jacking block;280, rotating block;282, v-notch;290, connecting rod; 300, workpiece;400, the workpiece processed.
Specific embodiment
In order to make the foregoing objectives, features and advantages of the present invention clearer and more comprehensible, with reference to the accompanying drawing to the present invention Specific embodiment be described in detail.Many details are explained in the following description in order to fully understand this hair It is bright.But the invention can be embodied in many other ways as described herein, those skilled in the art can be not Similar improvement is done in the case where violating intension of the present invention, therefore the present invention is not limited to the specific embodiments disclosed below.
It should be noted that it can directly on the other element when element is referred to as " being fixed on " another element Or there may also be elements placed in the middle.When an element is considered as " connection " another element, it, which can be, is directly connected to To another element or it may be simultaneously present centering elements.Term as used herein " vertical ", " horizontal ", " left side ", " right side " and similar statement for illustrative purposes only, are not meant to be the only embodiment.
Unless otherwise defined, all technical and scientific terms used herein and belong to technical field of the invention The normally understood meaning of technical staff is identical.Term as used herein in the specification of the present invention is intended merely to description tool The purpose of the embodiment of body, it is not intended that in the limitation present invention.Each technical characteristic of embodiment described above can carry out arbitrarily Combination, for simplicity of description, it is not all possible to each technical characteristic in above-described embodiment combination be all described, so And as long as there is no contradiction in the combination of these technical features, it all should be considered as described in this specification.
Referring to Fig. 1, in one embodiment, automatic press bending equipment 1 includes: automatic punching device, guiding device 140, feed device and bending machine 200.Workpiece 300 is exported after automatic punching device punching by guiding device, and passes through feeding Device is transported to bending in bending machine 200.
Specifically, automatic punching device includes punching rack 110, punching die 120 and guiding device 140.Punching die 120 are set in punching rack 110.Referring to Fig. 2, punching die 120 include: upper mold 121, multiple rows of red needle 122, regulating part 126, Locating piece 123 and lower die 124.Multiple rows of red needle 122 is set to inside upper mold 121, and the quantity of every row's red needle 122 is at least two, punching Needle 122 has punch, and punch can be stretched out by one end of upper mold 121;What regulating part 126 can be removed is set in upper mold 121, And abutted with part red needle 122, regulating part 126 retracts part red needle 122 in upper mold 121 after removing.Locating piece 123 is set to upper On mould 121, and for fixing the position of red needle 122.Lower die 124 is equipped with the hole 125 that cooperates with red needle 122, lower die 124 with it is upper Mould 121 cooperates 300 punching of workpiece.When upper mold 121 is installed, the red needle 122 for not needing punching is resisted by regulating part 126, Then regulating part 126 is removed, so that the red needle 122 for not needing punching is retracted, punch is hidden in upper mold 121, red needle 122 It is fixed by locating piece 123.Guiding device 140 is set in punching rack 110, and is located at the exit side of punching die 120, export Device 140 exports the workpiece 300 for punching hole.It can be selective to make part red needle 122 be from upper according to the needs of punching Mould 121 stretches out, and cannot participate in punching processing, there are many specification of punching can be arranged according to the needs in aperture, and then realizes not The punching of same specification, different location and different number.It can require quickly to be configured mold according to the product specification of client, it is real The processing of existing plurality of specifications punching, this design scheme can solve currently on the market most equipment because more mold exchange, debugging are answered Problem miscellaneous, debug time is long substantially reduces the conversion time of products of different specifications production.
Feed device has feed end and discharge end, and feed end is connect with guiding device 140.
Referring to Fig. 7, bending machine 200 includes: bending rack 210, it is connect with the discharge end of feed device;First actuator 220, it is set in bending rack 210;Bending cutter head 230 links with the first actuator 220;Bent base 240 is set to bending machine On frame 210, and the first actuator 220 drives bending cutter head 230 to move to bent base 240, and cooperating with bent base 240 will 300 bending of workpiece;Linking arm 250, rotatably be set to bending rack 210 on and trailing arm 260, connect with linking arm 250, connection Arm 250 drives trailing arm 260 to overturn to the direction of bending cutter head 230 and holds up workpiece 300.In bending, connection can be passed through The rotation of arm 250 drives trailing arm 260 that workpiece 300 is held up upwards, since bending can generate downward driving force, trailing arm 260 Upward towing force can form stable auxiliary force, prevent other end when to 300 one end bending of workpiece from tilting, and do not stablize Support, cause bending position to shift.
In one embodiment, referring to Fig. 3, considering that realization that can be more convenient will not need the red needle 122 of punching It retracts, cavity is equipped in upper mold 121, part red needle 122 is movable up and down to be set in upper mold 121, and wears cavity, regulating part 126 are detachably arranged in cavity.When unnecessary portion 122 punching of red needle, it is only necessary to tune will be abutted with the part red needle 122 It saves part 126 to remove, is retracted into the part red needle 122 in cavity, and punch is hidden in upper mold 121, and passes through locating piece 123 is fixed.
Referring to Fig. 4, in one embodiment, regulating part 126 includes the first adjusting block 127.First adjusting block 127 with wherein Two red needles 122 of one row abut, which wears cavity, after the first adjusting block 127 is removed out of cavity, so that Two red needles 122 retreat in cavity, and are positioned by regulating part 126.
In one embodiment, red needle 122 is equipped at least three rows, and regulating part 126 is adjusted including the first adjusting block 127, second Locking nub 128 and third adjusting block 129.One end of first adjusting block 127 and third adjusting block 129 is connected to the second adjusting block On 128 opposite end, the first adjusting block 127 is abutted with the red needle 122 of a wherein row, third adjusting block 129 with it is another Two red needles 122 of row abut, other are arranged between the second adjusting block 128 and the first adjusting block 127, third adjusting block 129 one A red needle 122 abuts, and the red needle 122 abutted wears cavity, the first adjusting block 127, the second adjusting block 128 and third adjusting block After 129 remove out of cavity, the red needle 122 abutted is retreated in cavity, and is positioned by regulating part 126.It may be implemented to more The adjusting of a red needle 122 meets a variety of punching demands.
Referring to Fig. 4, in a specific embodiment, red needle 122 is equipped with six rows, the quantity of every row's red needle 122 is two, The arrangement of red needle 122 is equivalent to as six rows two column.First adjusting block 127 and third adjusting block 129 arrange first row with last Red needle 122 resist, the second adjusting block 128 resists the red needle 122 of second row, third row, the 4th row, the 5th row, can So that rushing four through-holes to workpiece 300.
It is of course also possible to be resisted six red needles 122 of a column by only the second adjusting block 128 of setting, can make to work Part 300 rushes six through-holes of another column.Can also only setting the first adjusting block 127 and third adjusting block 129, by first row and the The red needle 122 of six rows resists, and rushes second row to workpiece, third row, the 4th row, the 5th row have eight through-holes altogether.Also it can be set First adjusting block 127 resists the red needle 122 of first row, second row, and setting third adjusting block 129 is by the 5th row, the 6th row Red needle 122 resists, and rushes third row to workpiece 300, the 4th row has four through-holes altogether.It is set it is understood that can choose at random Set the first adjusting block 127, the second adjusting block 128 and third adjusting block 129 resist corresponding red needle 122 realize different size, The punching of different location and different number, herein with no restriction.
In order to enable the positioning of each red needle 122 is stronger, red needle 122 is equipped with installation position, and locating piece 123 wears upper mold 121 and cooperates with installation position and position red needle 122.
In specific embodiment, installation position includes the first detent and the second detent, the first detent and the second detent between the upper and lower every Be set to red needle 122 on, locating piece 123 wears upper mold 121 and makes the punch of red needle 122 by upper mold with the first clamping matching It is positioned after 121 stretchings or locating piece 123 wears upper mold 121 and is hidden in the punch of red needle 122 with the second clamping matching In upper mold 121.
Locating piece 123 can be screw rod, and the first detent and the second detent can be the threaded hole being arranged in red needle 122, Being threadedly engaged by screw rod with threaded hole positions locating piece 123 by red needle 122.Locating piece 123 is also possible to fixed link, and first Detent and the second detent can be the blocked hole being arranged in red needle 122, and fixed link, which wears blocked hole, makes locating piece 123 by red needle 122 positioning.
Referring to Fig. 5, punching die 120 further includes the first guide post 130 and the second guide post 131.First guide post 130 and second What guide post 131 was spaced is set to lower die 124 towards in the one side of upper mold 121, and workpiece 300 is located at the first guide post 130 and the second guide post Between 131, upper mold 121 is equipped with the avoid holes cooperated with the first guide post 130 and the second guide post 131.Pass through 130 He of the first guide post Second guide post 131 positions workpiece 300, so that punching position is more accurate.It is understood that can be needed simultaneously according to punching Multiple punching dies 120 are arranged in row.
It please refers to Fig. 6 bending machine 200 and is connected separately with feed device and discharging device, the workpiece 300 after the completion of punching is logical It crosses feed device and is transferred to bending in bending machine 200, the workpiece 400 processed is transferred in storage device by discharging device.
Referring to Fig. 7, the middle part of linking arm 250 and bending rack 210 rotate in the specific embodiment of bending machine 200 Connection, the first end of linking arm 250 are fixedly connected with trailing arm 260, and the second end of linking arm 250 is free end.It can to connect Connecing arm 250 drives trailing arm 260 more stable when being flipped up.
It should be noted that the top and bottom of bent base 240 are equipped with for the groove to 300 bending of workpiece, two The depth of a groove is different.One depth is deeper, for workpiece 300 bending thicker to thickness;One depth is shallower, for pair 300 bending of workpiece of thinner thickness.Also, bent base 240 is rotatably to be set in bending rack 210, is selected as needed The groove for selecting top carries out bending, or the groove of selection bottom carries out bending.
Trailing arm 260 is driven to hold up workpiece 300 upwards in bending for the ease of being drivingly connected the rotation of arm 250, bending machine is also Including jacking block 270 and rotating block 280.Jacking block 270 and the first actuator 220 link, the middle part of rotating block 280 and linking arm 250 It is fixedly connected, the first actuator 220 driving jacking block 270 moves to the direction of bent base 240 and compress rotating block 280, makes to turn The rotation of motion block 280 drives the first end of linking arm 250 to tilt to bending cutter head 230.It specifically can be by screw rod by rotating block 280 It is fixedly connected with the middle part of linking arm 250.
Referring to Fig. 9, in one embodiment, rotating block 280 is cylindrical, and its lateral surface is internally recessed and is formed with V Type notch 282, the inner wall that jacking block 270 compresses v-notch 282 make the rotation of rotating block 280 that the first end of linking arm 250 be driven to stick up It rises.In a particular application, it is found by continuous experiment and research, when one end to workpiece 300 carries out bending, by workpiece Effect is best when the angle that 300 other end lifts is 45 °, i.e., the angle between the other end and horizontal plane of workpiece 300 is in 45°.Angle between the two side walls of the v-notch 282 of rotating block 280 is obtuse angle, and jacking block 270 can be made to compress V-type When the side wall of notch 282, rotating block 280 can rotate counterclockwise 45 °.The depth of v-notch 282 can be according to the workpiece of bending 300 thickness selection, when 300 thickness of workpiece is thicker, the depth of v-notch 282 is deeper;When 300 thinner thickness of workpiece, V The depth of type notch 282 is shallower.
In order to guarantee picking-up workpiece 300 that trailing arm 260 can be more stable, trailing arm 260 is in long strip, and the of trailing arm 260 One end is fixedly connected with linking arm 250, and the second end of trailing arm 260 extends to the direction far from bending rack 210.On trailing arm 260 It is equipped at intervals with multiple idler wheels 262 along its length, convenient for being slidably matched between trailing arm 260 and workpiece 300, and 300 energy of workpiece Enough more convenient enters bending station.
Referring to Fig. 7, in another embodiment, bending machine further includes connecting rod 290.At the both ends of 210 side of bending rack On be equipped with linking arm 250, two linking arms 250 and bending rack 210 are rotatablely connected, the first end point of two linking arms 250 It is not fixedly connected with the opposite end of connecting rod 290, the second end of two linking arms 250 is free end, is spaced connection on connecting rod 290 There are two trailing arm 260, the first end of two trailing arms 260 is fixedly connected with connecting rod 290, and second end is to separate bending rack 210 Direction extends.Interval two trailing arms 260 can be more stable by workpiece 300 picking-up.
On the basis of the above embodiments, there are two the first actuator 220, bending cutter head 230 and bent base 240 are set, Two the first actuators 220 are respectively arranged on the two sides of bending rack 210, and bending cutter head 230 and the first actuator 220 1 are a pair of It should link, two bent bases 240 are set in bending rack 210, and correspond cooperation for workpiece 300 with bending cutter head 230 Bending.Connecting rod 290 can be equipped with two, and linking arm 250, two connections also are provided on the both ends of 210 other side of bending rack Arm 250 and bending rack 210 are rotatablely connected, the first end of two linking arms 250 opposite end with another connecting rod 290 respectively It is fixedly connected, the second end of two linking arms 250 is free end, and there are two trailing arm 260, two supports for interval connection on connecting rod 290 The first end of arm 260 is fixedly connected with connecting rod 290, and second end extends to the direction far from bending rack 210.It can be formed to work The stabilization bending at 300 both ends of part.
Referring to Fig. 8, workpiece 300 enters the bending station of 210 side of bending rack, by bending machine in concrete operations The first actuator 220 driving bending cutter head 230 pushes the first end bending of workpiece 300 on 210 side of frame, and in bending, top Block 270 can compress the v-notch 282 of rotating block 280, drive linking arm 250 by trailing arm so that rotating block 280 rotates counterclockwise 260 hold up, so that the second end of workpiece 300 is held up 45 ° by trailing arm 260, complete the stabilization bending of 300 first end of workpiece. Since 210 bottom of bending rack is equipped with idler wheel, workpiece 300 can continue to move to the bending station of 210 other side of bending rack, By the second end bending of the first actuator 220 driving bending cutter head 230 pushing workpiece 300 on 210 other side of bending rack, and When bending, jacking block 270 can compress the v-notch 282 of rotating block 280, so that rotating block 280 rotates clockwise drive linking arm 250 hold up trailing arm 260, so that the first end of workpiece 300 is held up 45 ° by trailing arm 260, complete 300 second end of workpiece Stablize bending.
In the specific embodiment of feed device, referring to Fig. 10, feed device includes: rotary shafts 10, close to trailing arm 260 settings;Second actuator 20 is set in rotary shafts 10;Impeller 30, including first connecting rod 31 and ejector block 32, the One end of one connecting rod 31 and the second actuator 20 link, and the other end of ejector block 32 and first connecting rod 31 is rotatablely connected, and push away Part block 32 has promote-side, and the second actuator 20 drives first connecting rod 31 mobile to bent base 240, makes pushing away for impeller 30 Moved end is abutted with workpiece 300, and workpiece 300 is pushed to 240 position of bent base;Second actuator 20 drives first connecting rod 31 is mobile far from bent base 240, and impeller 30 rotates down promote-side by the gravity of next workpiece 300, and Impeller 30 returns to home position along the bottom of next workpiece 300.By feed device can be stable lasting workpiece 300 is conveyed To bending position.
In one embodiment, the second actuator 20 includes first servo motor, the first screw rod and the first link block.First watches Motor is taken in rotary shafts 10, one end of first servo motor and the first screw rod is linked, and the first screw rod is rotatably set to In rotary shafts 10, and one end of the first screw rod extends to the direction of the feed inlet of bending machine 200, and the first link block is equipped with first Threaded hole, the first threaded hole are connect with the first wire rod thread, and one end of first connecting rod 31 is fixedly connected with the first link block, the One servo motor drives the rotation of the first screw rod to make the first link block that first connecting rod 31 be driven to move along the first screw rod length direction. So that driving first connecting rod 31 close to or far from when bending machine 200 move when, it is more stable.
Please continue to refer to Figure 10, feed device further includes first crossbar 40 and the first sliding block 50.Rotary shafts 10 are equipped with The first sliding rail 60 extended to the direction of the feed inlet of bending machine 200, first crossbar 40 are connect with the first link block, the first connection One end of bar 31 is connect with first crossbar 40, and the first sliding block 50 is set in first crossbar 40, and the first sliding block 50 is equipped with and the The matched first sliding groove of one sliding rail 60, the first sliding block 50 can be slided along the first sliding rail 60.Pass through first servo motor driving the The transmission workpiece 300 that one cross bar 40 drives impeller 30 to move back and forth along the first sliding rail 60.Transmission of this structure to workpiece 300 More stable, being slidably matched also can be more smooth.
In one embodiment, there are two impeller 30 and the first sliding block 50 are set, the first sliding rail 60 is equipped with two, two first What sliding rail 60 was spaced is set in rotary shafts 10, and one end interval of two impellers 30 is connect with first crossbar 40, and two the One sliding block 50 is set in first crossbar 40, and is slidably connected correspondingly with two the first sliding rails 60.Pass through two impellers 30 drivings to two different locations of workpiece 300 simultaneously, are increasing driving force, so that more stable to the driving of workpiece 300 While, moreover it is possible to the position of workpiece 300 is corrected, prevents workpiece 300 during driving, position shifts.
Figure 11 is please referred to, impeller 30 further includes the first adsorption piece 33.First adsorption piece 33 is set on promote-side, and is used for Workpiece 300 is adsorbed, the promote-side of impeller 30 and the abutting of workpiece 300 can be made stronger.First adsorption piece 33 can be with For electromagnet.
Impeller 30 can also include the first abutting block 34.First abut block 34 two sides respectively with the first adsorption piece 33, Promote-side abuts, and the first height for abutting block 34 is greater than the height of the first adsorption piece 33.It can be by the first adsorption piece 33 to work The bottom of part 300 is adsorbed, and first abuts the end abutment of block 34 and workpiece 300, realizes that impeller 30 and workpiece 300 are more steady Determine, firmly contact.First abutting block 34 can be rubber block, unit of plastic, can form elastic buffer with workpiece 300, When preventing the first abutting block 34 from abutting with workpiece 300, the end of workpiece 300 is impaired.
In order to enable the elastic recoil of impeller 30 is more convenient, impeller 30 further includes spring and mounting blocks.Mounting blocks On first connecting rod 31, one end of spring is connect with ejector block 32 far from one end of the promote-side, the other end of spring It is connected with the mounting block.It should be noted that impeller 30 is when driving workpiece 300, promote-side is upturned, and is convenient for and work Part 300 abuts.After impeller 30 has driven a workpiece 300, impeller 30 is rotated down by next 300 gravity of workpiece, spring It being stretched, impeller 30 is after the bottom return of next workpiece 300, since impeller 30 is detached from workpiece 300, Under the action of the elastic restoring force of spring, the promote-side of impeller 30 can return to original position again, that is, be upturned, next work to be driven Part 300.
Referring to Fig. 6, feed device further includes motor, the first rotating member 70 and chain 71, the rotation of the first rotating member 70 is set In in rotary shafts 10, motor output end is equipped with gear, and one end of chain 71 is sheathed on gear, and the other end is sheathed on first On one end of rotating member 70, the first rotating member 70 can be roll shaft, be rotated by motor-driven gear, so that chain 71 drives roller Axis rotation, and then realize and import workpiece 300 in rotary shafts 10, the then feeding into bending machine 200.Roll shaft can be spaced and set It is equipped with multiple.
In the specific embodiment of discharging device, Figure 12 is please referred to, discharging device includes: discharging rack 90, is set to bending Side of the rack 210 far from trailing arm 260;Third actuator is set in discharging rack 90;Suction part, including the second connecting rod 91 With suction block 92, one end of the second connecting rod 91 and third actuator link, the other end of suction block 92 and the second connecting rod 91 Connection, suction block 92 have suction end, and third actuator drives the second connecting rod 91 mobile to bending rack 210, makes suction block It is adsorbed with the workpiece 400 processed at 92 suction end;Third actuator drives the second connecting rod 91 to move far from bending rack 210 It is dynamic, pull out suction block 92 workpiece 400 processed by bending rack 210.After bending, it can will be processed by discharging device Complete workpiece 400 is pulled out by the discharge port of bending machine 200, is completed to the entire Bending Processing of workpiece 300 and conveying.
It is understood that the structure setting of discharging device specifically can please refer to Figure 12 with reference to feed device, the Three actuators include the second servo motor 93, the second screw rod 94 and the second link block.Second servo motor 93 is set to discharging rack On 90, one end of the second servo motor 93 and the second screw rod 94 is linked, and the second screw rod 94 is rotatably set in discharging rack 90, And second screw rod 94 discharge port from one end to bending machine 200 direction extend, the second link block be equipped with the second threaded hole, second Threaded hole is threadedly coupled with the second screw rod 94, and one end of the second connecting rod 91 is fixedly connected with the second link block, the second servo electricity Machine 93 drives the rotation of the second screw rod 94 to make the second link block that the second connecting rod 91 be driven to move along 94 length direction of the second screw rod.Make It is more stable when the second connecting rod 91 must be driven to move close to or far from the discharge port of bending machine 200.
Discharging device further includes second crossbar 95 and the second sliding block.The rack 90 that discharges is equipped with the discharging to bending machine 200 The second sliding rail 96 that the direction of mouth extends, second crossbar 95 are connect with the second link block, one end and second of the second connecting rod 91 Cross bar 95 connects, and the second sliding block is set in second crossbar 95, and the second sliding block is equipped with and slides with the second sliding rail 96 matched second Slot, the second sliding block can be slided along the second sliding rail 96, and the second servo motor 93 drives second crossbar 95 to drive suction part along second Sliding rail 96 is mobile.
In one embodiment, there are two suction part and the second sliding block are set, the second sliding rail 96 is equipped with two, two second cunnings What rail 96 was spaced is set in discharging rack 90, and one end interval of two suction parts is connect with second crossbar 95, two second cunnings Block is set in second crossbar 95, and is slidably connected correspondingly with two the second sliding rails 96.It is right simultaneously by two suction parts Two different locations of the workpiece 400 processed are adsorbed, and make the absorption to the workpiece 400 processed increasing adsorption capacity While more stable, moreover it is possible to be corrected to the position of the workpiece 400 processed, prevent the workpiece processed 400 from driving In the process, position shifts.It should be noted that the suction block 92 of suction part can be electromagnet.
Figure 12 is please referred to, discharging device further includes motor, chain and the second rotating member 97, and multiple second rotating members 97 rotate Be set in discharging rack 90, motor output end is equipped with gear, and one end of chain is sheathed on gear, and the other end is sheathed on the On one end of two rotating members 97, the second rotating member 97 can be roll shaft, and roll shaft can be arranged at intervals with multiple, pass through motor driven Gear rotation so that chain-driving roll shaft rotates, and then is realized and imports the workpiece 400 processed in storage device.
Referring to Fig. 1, automatic press bending equipment 1 can also include: gatherer 160 and shear 150, by leading Enter device 160 in punching rack 110, and workpiece 300 can be imported in punching die 120.Gatherer 160 and export The specific structure of device 140 can be, and is driven by setting servo motor, rotating wheel, belt and roll shaft to workpiece 300, servo The rotation of motor driven rotating wheel, rotating wheel drive belt so that belt band action roller shaft rotates, there are two roll shaft is set, all with Punching rack 110 is rotatablely connected, and two roll shafts are in setting up and down, and a roll shaft and belt are sequentially connected, and two roll shafts can phase To rotation, workpiece 300 is located between two roll shafts, and the driving to workpiece 300 is realized by roll shaft rotation.Shear 150 divides It is not connect with guiding device 140, feed device, the workpiece 300 that punching is completed can be cut off by shear 150, then by feeding Device conveys bending, can adapt to the processing of plate and coiled material different type workpiece 300, workpiece 300 can be gantry wire casing metal plate Golden part.
Each technical characteristic of embodiment described above can be combined arbitrarily, for simplicity of description, not to above-mentioned reality It applies all possible combination of each technical characteristic in example to be all described, as long as however, the combination of these technical characteristics is not deposited In contradiction, all should be considered as described in this specification.
The embodiments described above only express several embodiments of the present invention, and the description thereof is more specific and detailed, but simultaneously It cannot therefore be construed as limiting the scope of the patent.It should be pointed out that coming for those of ordinary skill in the art It says, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, various modifications and improvements can be made, these belong to protection of the invention Range.Therefore, the scope of protection of the patent of the invention shall be subject to the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of automatic press bending equipment characterized by comprising
Automatic punching device, comprising: punching rack;Punching die is set in the punching rack, and the punching die includes Upper mold, multiple rows of red needle, regulating part, locating piece and lower die, multiple rows of red needle are set to inside the upper mold, red needle described in every row Quantity is at least two, and the red needle has punch, and the punch is stretched out by one end of the upper mold;The regulating part can What is removed is set in the upper mold, and abuts with the part red needle, and the regulating part retracts the part red needle after removing In the upper mold, the locating piece is set in the upper mold, and for fixing the position of the red needle, the lower die be equipped with The hole of the red needle cooperation, the lower die and the upper mold cooperate workpiece punching;Guiding device is set to the punching rack On, and it is located at the first side of the punching die, the guiding device exports the workpiece for punching hole;
Feed device, has feed end and discharge end, and the feed end is connect with the guiding device;And
Bending machine, comprising: bending rack is connect with the discharge end;First actuator is set in the bending rack;Bending Cutter head links with first actuator;Bent base is set in the bending rack, and first actuator drives institute It states bending cutter head to move to the bent base, and the workpiece bending in hole will be punched with bent base cooperation;Connection Arm, is rotatably set in the bending rack and trailing arm, connect with the linking arm, the linking arm drive trailing arm to The direction of the bending cutter head overturns and holds up the workpiece for punching hole.
2. automatic press bending equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that be equipped with cavity, part in the upper mold The red needle is movable up and down to be set in the upper mold, and wears the cavity, and the regulating part is detachably arranged at described In cavity.
3. automatic press bending equipment according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the regulating part includes the first adjusting Block, first adjusting block are abutted with two red needles of a wherein row, which wears the cavity, described After first adjusting block is removed out of described cavity, two red needles are retreated in the cavity, and are positioned by the regulating part.
4. automatic press bending equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the middle part of the linking arm and the folding The rotation connection of bender frame, the first end of the linking arm are fixedly connected with the trailing arm, and the second end of the linking arm is freely End.
5. automatic press bending equipment according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the bending machine further includes jacking block and turns Motion block, the jacking block and first actuator link, and are fixedly connected in the middle part of the rotating block and the linking arm, and described the One actuator drives the jacking block to move to the direction of the bent base and compresses the rotating block, rotates the rotating block The first end of the linking arm is driven to tilt to the bending cutter head.
6. automatic press bending equipment according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the rotating block is cylindrical, and its Lateral surface, which is internally recessed, is formed with v-notch, and the inner wall that the jacking block compresses the v-notch makes the rotating block rotation band The first end for moving the linking arm tilts.
7. automatic press bending equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that feed device includes: rotary shafts, if Between the guiding device and the trailing arm;Second actuator is set in the rotary shafts;Impeller, including the first company Extension bar and ejector block, one end of the first connecting rod and second actuator link, and the ejector block and described first connects The other end of extension bar is rotatablely connected, and the ejector block has a promote-side, second actuator drive the first connecting rod to The bent base is mobile, abuts the promote-side of the impeller with the workpiece for punching hole, and will punch described in hole Workpiece is pushed to the bent base position;Second actuator drives the first connecting rod to move far from the bent base Dynamic, the impeller can be made the promote-side rotate down by the gravity of next workpiece, and the impeller edge The bottom of next workpiece returns to home position.
8. automatic press bending equipment according to claim 7, which is characterized in that second actuator is watched including first Motor, the first screw rod and the first link block are taken, the first servo motor is set in the rotary shafts, the first servo electricity One end of machine and first screw rod is linked, and first screw rod is rotatably set in the rotary shafts, and described first One end of screw rod extends to the direction of the bent base, and first link block is equipped with the first threaded hole, first screw thread Hole is connect with first wire rod thread, and one end of the first connecting rod is fixedly connected with first link block, and described One servo motor drives the first screw rod rotation that first link block is made to drive the first connecting rod along described first Pole length direction is mobile.
9. automatic press bending equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that it further include discharging device, the discharging Device includes: discharging rack, set on the side of the bending rack far from the trailing arm;Third actuator is set to the discharging In rack;Suction part, including the second connecting rod and suction block, one end of second connecting rod and the third actuator join Dynamic, the suction block is connect with the other end of second connecting rod, and the suction block has suction end, the third actuator It drives second connecting rod to the bending machine frame movement, makes the suction end of the suction block and the absorption of workpieces processed; The third actuator drives second connecting rod far from the bending machine frame movement, processes the suction block by described Workpiece pulled out by the bending rack.
10. automatic press bending equipment according to claim 9, which is characterized in that the third actuator includes second Servo motor, the second screw rod and the second link block, second servo motor are set in the discharging rack, second servo One end of motor and second screw rod is linked, and second screw rod is rotatably set in the discharging rack, and described the One end of two screw rods extends to the direction of the bending rack, and second link block is equipped with the second threaded hole, second spiral shell Pit is connect with second wire rod thread, and one end of second connecting rod is fixedly connected with second link block, described Second servo motor drives the second screw rod rotation that second link block is made to drive second connecting rod along described second Screw rod length direction is mobile.
CN201910065279.4A 2019-01-23 2019-01-23 Automatic stamping bending equipment Active CN109570346B (en)

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CN110270641A (en) * 2019-07-30 2019-09-24 中山市六六六智能装备有限公司 Automatic pusher structure and automatic loading/unloading group's hole punched device
CN112276586A (en) * 2020-09-25 2021-01-29 河南祥新电力设备有限公司 Processing system and processing method of switch cabinet
CN113547328A (en) * 2021-09-23 2021-10-26 佳辰地板常州有限公司 OA network floor integration apparatus for producing
CN114472646A (en) * 2021-12-27 2022-05-13 昆山市固展金属有限公司 High-safety sheet metal part production equipment and production method thereof
CN115255136A (en) * 2022-09-27 2022-11-01 徐州双裕电子技术有限公司 Spectrometer mounting punching press forming device that punches

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JPH10192986A (en) * 1996-12-27 1998-07-28 Amada Co Ltd Feed bending type metal plate bending device
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CN110270641A (en) * 2019-07-30 2019-09-24 中山市六六六智能装备有限公司 Automatic pusher structure and automatic loading/unloading group's hole punched device
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CN115255136A (en) * 2022-09-27 2022-11-01 徐州双裕电子技术有限公司 Spectrometer mounting punching press forming device that punches

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