CN109531403A - The accurate grinding and polishing device of sphere - Google Patents

The accurate grinding and polishing device of sphere Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109531403A
CN109531403A CN201811531247.0A CN201811531247A CN109531403A CN 109531403 A CN109531403 A CN 109531403A CN 201811531247 A CN201811531247 A CN 201811531247A CN 109531403 A CN109531403 A CN 109531403A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
motor
sphere
polishing
spherical hinge
polished
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201811531247.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
彭云峰
曾鑫龙
王振忠
郭隐彪
许乔
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xiamen University
Original Assignee
Xiamen University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xiamen University filed Critical Xiamen University
Priority to CN201811531247.0A priority Critical patent/CN109531403A/en
Publication of CN109531403A publication Critical patent/CN109531403A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B37/00Lapping machines or devices; Accessories
    • B24B37/02Lapping machines or devices; Accessories designed for working surfaces of revolution
    • B24B37/025Lapping machines or devices; Accessories designed for working surfaces of revolution designed for working spherical surfaces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B37/00Lapping machines or devices; Accessories
    • B24B37/27Work carriers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B37/00Lapping machines or devices; Accessories
    • B24B37/34Accessories
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/10Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces
    • B24B47/12Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces by mechanical gearing or electric power

Abstract

The accurate grinding and polishing device of sphere, is related to the processing of sphere.Equipped with the 1st motor, rack, driving head, the 2nd motor, rotating disk, it is polished ball, polishing disk, fixing sleeve, bottom support plate, polishing pad, positioning spherical hinge and adjustment device;1st motor is mounted on the rack end, motor axis connection rotating disk, and the 2nd motor is housed in rotating disk, and motor shaft is equipped with driving head;Motor shaft of the line of driving head and processed sphere contact point and the processed sphere centre of sphere perpendicular to the 2nd motor;Rack lower end is equipped with bottom support plate, and bottom support plate is equipped with positioning spherical hinge and adjustment device;It adjusts device and is equipped with positioning spherical hinge, locking nut and fixing sleeve, ball is polished on the polishing pad of 3 positioning spherical hinge bearings, polishing pad is bonded in the external disk of positioning spherical hinge, and polishing pad is located at the top of polishing disk, is connected between polishing disk and fixing sleeve by adjustment device.

Description

The accurate grinding and polishing device of sphere
Technical field
The present invention relates to the processing of sphere, more particularly, to a kind of accurate grinding and polishing device of sphere.
Background technique
In aviation, fine measuring instrument, high-accuracy sphere is often used, it is therefore, the precision of high-accuracy sphere, resistance to Mill property, service life etc. suffer from decisive influence for reliability, the stability of equipment.Existing processing method largely relies on people Work, is affected by human factors larger, causes the sphere consistency processed poor, so for high-accuracy ball grinding device Research have very big realistic meaning.
Up to the present, the method for machining high-precision ball have double turntable V-grooves grinding method and it is tapered grind method, but this Two methods are served only for the small sphere of processing diameter has sphere throwing for processing the high-precision sphere of diameter 60mm or more at present Electro-optical device referring to patent " a kind of sphere burnishing device " (publication number: CN108000342A), but if wants processing dimension different High-precision sphere, need constantly to replace and adjust the size of cup wheel, the efficiency of processing can be allowed to substantially reduce unavoidably, and And can also allow the increased costs of processing, this problem also perplexs many enterprises and scientific research personnel.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide production cost can be reduced, removes replacement from and adjust the time of cup wheel, improve The efficiency of accurate polishing obtains a kind of accurate grinding and polishing device of sphere of better sphere precise polishing mode.
The present invention be equipped with the 1st motor, rack, driving head, the 2nd motor, rotating disk, be polished ball, polishing disk, fixing sleeve, Bottom support plate, polishing pad, positioning spherical hinge and adjustment device;
1st motor is mounted on the rack end, the motor axis connection rotating disk of the 1st motor, is equipped in the rotating disk The motor shaft of 2nd motor, the 2nd motor is equipped with driving head;The driving head and processed sphere contact point and processed spherical ball Motor shaft of the line of the heart perpendicular to the 2nd motor;The lower end of rack is equipped with bottom support plate, and the bottom support plate is equipped with The equally distributed positioning spherical hinge of 3 circumferential directions and its adjustment device;The adjustment device be equipped with positioning spherical hinge, locking nut and Fixing sleeve is polished ball on the polishing pad of 3 positioning spherical hinge bearings, and polishing pad is bonded in the external disk of positioning spherical hinge On, polishing pad is located at the top of polishing disk, is connected between polishing disk and fixing sleeve by adjustment device, adjustable when needing adjustable range Section adjustment device, when elongate screw to the fixation for after needing length, screwing locking nut progress axial direction, guarantee is processed Polishing pad and processed sphere fit closely in journey.
The polishing disk can also change cup emery wheel into other than pasting polishing pad.
The bi-motor drives driving head movement, this structure setting rotated in many ways, drive control is entirely polished ball Body movement.The driving head and the line for being polished sphere contact point with being polished the sphere centre of sphere are vertical with polishing motor axis.
It the positioning spherical hinge and adjustment device and is polished in ball contact surface and covers one layer of polishing pad or sand paper, it is described It is polished in ball contact surface and grinding fluid is added, to adhere to abrasive grain on driving head.
Following methods preparation can be used in the present invention:
1) the 1st motor is mounted on the rack end, bottom support plate is mounted on the 1st motor lower end, pacifies in the support plate of bottom Fill the equally distributed positioning spherical hinge of 3 circumferential directions and adjustment device;
2) by the motor axis connection of rotating disk and the 1st motor, the 2nd motor is installed on the rotating pan, the motor shaft of the 2nd motor On driving head is installed;
3) polishing pad being driven into driving head movement by the 1st motor and the 2nd motor, drive control is entirely polished ball movement, Positioning spherical hinge and adjustment device are contacted by polishing pad or sand paper with ball surface is polished, and cooperation grinding fluid makes attached on driving head Abrasive grain realize processing.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following outstanding advantages:
The present invention be when polishing sphere using polishing pad add grinding fluid realize polishing, and bottom be by Position spherical hinge and adjustment device bearing, positioning spherical hinge can the contact with sphere with polishing pad be an adaptive contact, make Polishing pad and the contact of processed sphere it is close, radial cyclic annular adjustment may be implemented in adjustment device, can allow entire dress That sets adaptation different-diameter is polished sphere.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is to position spherical hinge in the embodiment of the present invention and adjust the structural schematic diagram of device.
Fig. 3 is the positional diagram of the 1st motor and the 2nd motor in the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the geometry site schematic diagram of lower half portion in the embodiment of the present invention.
It is each to mark are as follows: the 1st motor of 1- in Fig. 1~4;2- rack;3- driving head;The 2nd motor of 4-;5- rotating disk;6- quilt Polish sphere;7- polishing disk;8- fixing sleeve;The bottom 10- support plate;11- polishing pad;12- positions spherical hinge;13- adjusts device.
Specific embodiment
Following embodiment will the invention will be further described in conjunction with attached drawing.
Referring to Fig. 1~3, the accurate grinding and polishing device embodiment of the sphere is equipped with the 1st motor 1, rack 2, driving head the 3, the 2nd Motor 4, rotating disk 5 are polished ball 6, polishing disk 7, fixing sleeve 8, bottom support plate 10, polishing pad 11, positioning 12 and of spherical hinge Adjust device 13.
1st motor 1 is mounted on 2 upper end of rack, the motor axis connection rotating disk 5 of the 1st motor 1, in the rotating disk 5 Equipped with the 2nd motor 4, the motor shaft of the 2nd motor 4 is equipped with driving head 3;The driving head 3 and processed sphere contact point and added Motor shaft of the line of the work sphere centre of sphere perpendicular to the 2nd motor 4;The lower end of rack 2 is equipped with bottom support plate 10, the bottom Support plate 10 is equipped with the equally distributed positioning spherical hinge 12 of 3 circumferential directions and its adjustment device 13;The adjustment device 13 is equipped with Spherical hinge 12, locking nut 14 and fixing sleeve 8 are positioned, the polishing pad 11 that ball 6 is supported positioned at 3 positioning spherical hinges 12 is polished On, polishing pad 11 is bonded in the external disk of positioning spherical hinge 12, and polishing pad 11 is located at the top of polishing disk 7, polishing disk 7 and fixation Connected between set 8 by adjustment device 13, adjustable adjustment device 13 when needing adjustable range, when elongate screw to need length it Afterwards, the fixation that locking nut 14 carries out axial direction is screwed, guarantees that polishing pad 11 and processed sphere closely paste in process It closes.
The polishing disk 7 can also change cup emery wheel into other than pasting polishing pad 11.
The bi-motor drives driving head movement, this structure setting rotated in many ways, drive control is entirely polished ball Body movement.The driving head and the line for being polished sphere contact point with being polished the sphere centre of sphere are vertical with polishing motor axis.
It the positioning spherical hinge and adjustment device and is polished in ball contact surface and covers one layer of polishing pad or sand paper, it is described It is polished in ball contact surface and grinding fluid is added, to adhere to abrasive grain on driving head.
Referring to Fig. 3, two motor shaft axis of the 1st motor 1 and the 2nd motor 4 are mutually perpendicular to, and the 1st motor 1 drives rotating disk 5 carry out the rotary motion in horizontal plane, and driving head 3 is also secured in rotating disk 5 rotary motion that can also do on horizontal plane, Another aspect driving head 3 is driven by the 2nd motor 4, itself also has spinning motion in a perpendicular, therefore pass through horizontal plane Rotation and perpendicular in rotation, while on driving head 3 carry out vector synthesis can drive be polished ball progress The polishing Precision Machining of 360 ° omni-directional.
Referring to fig. 4,3 positioning spherical hinges 12 and adjustment device 13 are mounted in bottom support plate 10,3 positioning spherical hinges 12 axis extended line is met at a bit, and is evenly arranged in bottom support plate 10, and the work of positioning support can be played to processed sphere With dislocation when preventing its polishing.
Following methods preparation can be used in the present invention:
1) the 1st motor 1 is mounted on 2 upper end of rack, bottom support plate 10 is mounted on 1 lower end of the 1st motor, bottom support plate The equally distributed positioning spherical hinge 12 of 3 circumferential directions and adjustment device 13 are installed on 10;
2) by the motor axis connection of rotating disk 5 and the 1st motor 1, the 2nd motor 4 is mounted in rotating disk 5, the 2nd motor 4 Driving head 3 is installed on motor shaft;
3) driving head 3 is driven to move by the 1st motor 1 and the 2nd motor 4 polishing pad 11, drive control is entirely polished ball 6 Movement, positions spherical hinge 12 and adjustment device 13 is contacted by polishing pad 11 or sand paper with 6 surface of ball is polished, and cooperates grinding fluid Make to adhere to abrasive grain realization processing on driving head 3.

Claims (3)

1. the accurate grinding and polishing device of sphere, it is characterised in that be equipped with the 1st motor, rack, driving head, the 2nd motor, rotating disk, quilt Polished ball, polishing disk, fixing sleeve, bottom support plate, polishing pad, positioning spherical hinge and adjustment device;
1st motor is mounted on the rack end, the motor axis connection rotating disk of the 1st motor, equipped with the 2nd electricity in the rotating disk The motor shaft of machine, the 2nd motor is equipped with driving head;The company of the driving head and processed sphere contact point and the processed sphere centre of sphere Motor shaft of the line perpendicular to the 2nd motor;The lower end of rack is equipped with bottom support plate, and the bottom support plate was equipped with for 3 week To equally distributed positioning spherical hinge and its adjustment device;The adjustment device is equipped with positioning spherical hinge, locking nut and fixation Set is polished ball on the polishing pad of 3 positioning spherical hinge bearings, and polishing pad is bonded in the external disk of positioning spherical hinge, is thrown Light pad is located at the top of polishing disk, is connected between polishing disk and fixing sleeve by adjustment device, needs adjustable when adjustable range adjust Engagement positions, when in elongate screw to the fixation for after needing length, screwing locking nut progress axial direction, guarantee process Polishing pad and processed sphere fit closely.
2. the accurate grinding and polishing device of sphere as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that the 1st motor and the 2nd motor drive and drive Head movement is moved, the driving head and the line and polishing motor axis that are polished sphere contact point with are polished the sphere centre of sphere are vertical Directly.
3. the accurate grinding and polishing device of sphere as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that the positioning spherical hinge and adjustment device with Be polished in ball contact surface and cover one layer of polishing pad or sand paper, described be polished in ball contact surface grinding fluid is added, with Adhere to abrasive grain on driving head.
CN201811531247.0A 2018-12-14 2018-12-14 The accurate grinding and polishing device of sphere Pending CN109531403A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811531247.0A CN109531403A (en) 2018-12-14 2018-12-14 The accurate grinding and polishing device of sphere

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811531247.0A CN109531403A (en) 2018-12-14 2018-12-14 The accurate grinding and polishing device of sphere

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109531403A true CN109531403A (en) 2019-03-29

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201811531247.0A Pending CN109531403A (en) 2018-12-14 2018-12-14 The accurate grinding and polishing device of sphere

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110394712A (en) * 2019-06-21 2019-11-01 宁波爵盛科技有限公司 A kind of steel ball grinding device
CN111360636A (en) * 2020-04-28 2020-07-03 威海市周识工艺品有限公司 Polishing device for solid artistic stone balls

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5082693A (en) * 1973-11-26 1975-07-04
US3961448A (en) * 1973-09-28 1976-06-08 Akahane S Whole spherical surface polishing device
JP2514539B2 (en) * 1992-07-29 1996-07-10 豊工機株式会社 Round spherical honing method
US5613896A (en) * 1995-06-30 1997-03-25 Haus; Bruce A. Automatic bowling ball resurfacing machine
US6186875B1 (en) * 1998-07-02 2001-02-13 Larry A. Cook Bowling ball surfacing machine
EP1563953A1 (en) * 2003-10-10 2005-08-17 Athanasios Mamalis The way of machining of spherical surfaces and the device for its realization
CN1678430A (en) * 2002-06-26 2005-10-05 沈相培 Bowling ball resurfacing apparatus
CN201164960Y (en) * 2008-02-02 2008-12-17 马波 Single-piece accurate sphere grinding equipment

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3961448A (en) * 1973-09-28 1976-06-08 Akahane S Whole spherical surface polishing device
JPS5082693A (en) * 1973-11-26 1975-07-04
JP2514539B2 (en) * 1992-07-29 1996-07-10 豊工機株式会社 Round spherical honing method
US5613896A (en) * 1995-06-30 1997-03-25 Haus; Bruce A. Automatic bowling ball resurfacing machine
US6186875B1 (en) * 1998-07-02 2001-02-13 Larry A. Cook Bowling ball surfacing machine
CN1678430A (en) * 2002-06-26 2005-10-05 沈相培 Bowling ball resurfacing apparatus
EP1563953A1 (en) * 2003-10-10 2005-08-17 Athanasios Mamalis The way of machining of spherical surfaces and the device for its realization
CN201164960Y (en) * 2008-02-02 2008-12-17 马波 Single-piece accurate sphere grinding equipment

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110394712A (en) * 2019-06-21 2019-11-01 宁波爵盛科技有限公司 A kind of steel ball grinding device
CN111360636A (en) * 2020-04-28 2020-07-03 威海市周识工艺品有限公司 Polishing device for solid artistic stone balls

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Application publication date: 20190329

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication