CN109519567A - A kind of Intelligent water mixing valve - Google Patents

A kind of Intelligent water mixing valve Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109519567A
CN109519567A CN201910019913.0A CN201910019913A CN109519567A CN 109519567 A CN109519567 A CN 109519567A CN 201910019913 A CN201910019913 A CN 201910019913A CN 109519567 A CN109519567 A CN 109519567A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
valve
mixing chamber
electronic switch
processor
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Granted
Application number
CN201910019913.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109519567B (en
Inventor
刘光华
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Shanghai Boyuansheng Control Technology Co ltd
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Individual
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Priority to CN201910019913.0A priority Critical patent/CN109519567B/en
Publication of CN109519567A publication Critical patent/CN109519567A/en
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Publication of CN109519567B publication Critical patent/CN109519567B/en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K11/00Multiple-way valves, e.g. mixing valves; Pipe fittings incorporating such valves
    • F16K11/10Multiple-way valves, e.g. mixing valves; Pipe fittings incorporating such valves with two or more closure members not moving as a unit
    • F16K11/20Multiple-way valves, e.g. mixing valves; Pipe fittings incorporating such valves with two or more closure members not moving as a unit operated by separate actuating members
    • F16K11/22Multiple-way valves, e.g. mixing valves; Pipe fittings incorporating such valves with two or more closure members not moving as a unit operated by separate actuating members with an actuating member for each valve, e.g. interconnected to form multiple-way valves
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K31/00Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices
    • F16K31/02Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices electric; magnetic
    • F16K31/04Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices electric; magnetic using a motor

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Temperature-Responsive Valves (AREA)
  • Electrically Driven Valve-Operating Means (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of Intelligent water mixing valves, terminal water outlet is discharged according to the water temperature and flow intensity constant temperature of user preset, constant flow, the Intelligent water mixing valve high reliablity, avoid user de-regulation cold-hot water proportion and water flow size repeatedly, to reduce water resource waste, it includes valve body, further includes: terminal water outlet;Set on the intracorporal inlet unit of the valve, mixing chamber, short distance communication module and processor, the inlet unit includes into cold water chamber and into hot hydroecium, it is described into cold water chamber water outlet and/or it is described into hot hydroecium water outlet be connected with control its water flow the first water control valve, it is described to be connect with check-valves inlet pipeline with mixing chamber into cold water chamber water outlet with described pass through into hot hydroecium water outlet, the mixing chamber water outlet is connect by outlet pipeline with the terminal water outlet, and the second water control valve is connected on the outlet pipeline: temperature measuring unit is set in the mixing chamber;Man-machine interaction unit is arranged close to the terminal water outlet.

Description

A kind of Intelligent water mixing valve
Technical field
The present invention relates to valve arrangement technical field, in particular to a kind of Intelligent water mixing valve.
Background technique
Water mixing valve is a common equipment in daily life, but existing water mixing valve is in use, reliability It is low, often occur leaving water temperature it is unstable and (or) water outlet intensity it is unstable, people generally require that manual debugging is repeated, Especially in use, if hydraulic pressure suddenly change, or even generation the case where will appear leaving water temperature excessively high scald human body, for It is catastrophic problem for user.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of Intelligent water mixing valve, terminal water outlet according to user preset water temperature and water outlet intensity constant temperature, Constant flow water outlet, the Intelligent water mixing valve high reliablity avoid user de-regulation cold-hot water proportion and water flow size repeatedly, with Reduce water resource waste comprising valve body, further includes:
Terminal water outlet;
Inlet unit, the inlet unit are set in the valve body, and the inlet unit includes into cold water chamber and into hot water Room, it is described into cold water chamber water outlet and/or it is described into hot hydroecium water outlet be connected with control its water flow the first water control valve;
Mixing chamber, the mixing chamber are set in the valve body, described into cold water chamber water outlet and described into hot hydroecium's water outlet End is connect by band check-valves inlet pipeline with the mixing chamber, and the mixing chamber water outlet passes through outlet pipeline and the terminal Water outlet connects, and the second water control valve is connected on the outlet pipeline, and second water control valve is set in the valve body:
Temperature measuring unit, the temperature measuring unit is set in the mixing chamber, for detecting water temperature in the mixing chamber;
Man-machine interaction unit, the man-machine interaction unit is arranged close to the terminal water outlet, for receiving the defeated of user Enter instruction;
Short distance communication module, the short distance communication module are set in valve body, refer to for receiving the work that external equipment transmits It enables;
Processor, the processor be set to valve body in, and respectively with first water control valve, the second water control valve, thermometric list Member, man-machine interaction unit and the connection of short distance communication module.
Preferably, further include:
Voice-input unit, the voice-input unit are set to man-machine interaction unit outer surface, the voice-input unit It is connected to the processor, for receiving for user speech input instruction;
Storage unit, the storage unit are set in man-machine interaction unit, and the storage unit is connected to the processor, For storing the facial information of user;
Image acquisition units, described image acquisition unit are set to man-machine interaction unit outer surface and connect with the processor It connects, for acquiring the facial information of user.
Preferably, further include:
Coal gas detection probe, the coal gas detection is popped one's head in be arranged close to gas-type water heater, and passes through data line and power supply Line is connected to the processor, for detecting the gas concentration in gas-type water heater's ambient enviroment;
Loudspeaker, the loudspeaker are set in man-machine interaction unit and are connected by data line and power supply line and the processor It connects, the man-machine interaction unit outer surface is equipped with continuant orifice.
Preferably, the valve body upper end is respectively equipped with cold water inlet and water inlet of hot water, the cold water inlet connects It is connected into cold water chamber, the water inlet of hot water is connected into hot hydroecium, and the terminal water outlet is set to water outlet needed for user Position, the mixing chamber include interconnected the first mixing chamber and the second mixing chamber, and first mixing chamber is set to the valve Internal center, it is described symmetrically or non-symmetrically to be set centered on first mixing chamber with described into hot hydroecium into cold water chamber It sets, it is described to be connect into cold water chamber with the band check-valves inlet pipeline that passes through respectively into hot hydroecium with first mixing chamber, and The check-valves is set to the inlet pipeline close to the first mixing chamber end, and the outlet pipeline is connect with first mixing chamber, Second mixing chamber is attached at described into cold water outdoor face, and the temperature measuring unit is set in first mixing chamber.
Preferably, second water control valve includes water control valve body and electric driver, the electric driver is set to institute Water control valve body upper end is stated, is equipped with fluid channel in the water control valve body, the outlet pipeline is connected in fluid channel, the stream Valve plate, sealing ring and the shaft being fixedly connected with the valve plate are equipped in body channel, the valve plate and the sealing ring match Sealing is closed, the shaft runs through the water control valve external surface far from one end of valve plate, and the sealing ring is connected to the fluid In channel, the electric driver includes stepper motor, driver and driving member, and the stepper motor and the driver connect It connects, the driver uses controllor for step-by-step motor, can control rotational angle, the direction, speed, time of the stepper motor Start with single, the driver is connected to the processor, described in the stepper motor and driver are connected to by rack Water control valve external surface, the stepper motor output end are connect by driving member with the shaft, and the driving member includes rotation Casing is transversely provided with splined shaft in the rotating casing, and described rotating casing one end is rotatably connected to spline housing, the spline housing It is equipped with spline, described splined shaft one end is connected in the spline, and the rotating casing other end sealed set is described Its inner wall of rotating casing is equipped with locked groove close to another end position, and the splined shaft other end, which is fixed with, to be protruded into the locked groove Locking block, the stepper motor output end are connect with the rotating casing other end, and the spline housing is equipped with far from spline end Transmission shaft, the transmission shaft are collinearly arranged with the splined shaft, and described transmission shaft one end and the spline housing are far from spline end Connection, the transmission shaft other end are connect far from valve plate end by Bevel Gear Transmission with the shaft.
Preferably, being arranged with scrolling spring in the shaft, the scrolling spring is connected in the water control valve body, institute It states scrolling spring and passes through shaft in the initial state and the valve plate and the sealing ring is driven to be tightly connected, in the rotating casing Equipped with slip collar, slip collar inner ring end is rotatably installed on the splined shaft by bearing, the turning set Inside pipe wall is respectively equipped with the first sliding groove and the second sliding groove, and first sliding groove and the second sliding groove are with the splined shaft institute It is symmetrical arranged centered on center line, and first sliding groove and the second sliding groove are arranged in parallel with the splined shaft, institute It states and sliding shoe is installed in the first sliding groove, the sliding shoe is connect by adjustable spring with first sliding groove inner end, The sliding shoe is fixedly connected with slip collar outer ring end, and permanent magnet, the permanent magnetism are equipped in second sliding groove Body is fixedly connected with slip collar outer ring end, and the second sliding groove inner wall is equipped with the electromagnetism with the permanent magnetism mates Driving device, the electromagnetic actuator device are connected to the processor.
Preferably, further include:
Electric-control stop valve, the electric-control stop valve are connected on fuel gas pipeline, and the electric-control stop valve is connect with processor;
First electronic switch, first electronic switch are connect with the electric-control stop valve, for controlling described automatically controlled section Only valve starting or closing;
Second electronic switch, second electronic switch are connect with loudspeaker, for controlling the loudspeaker starting or closing It closes;
Third electronic switch, the third electronic switch is connect with the electromagnetic actuator device, for controlling the electromagnetism Driving device starting is closed;
First electronic switch includes:
First pliotron, the first current-limiting resistance;
The positive pole of the electric-control stop valve passes through the current collection of the electric-control stop valve and first pliotron Extremely it is connected, the power cathode of the electric-control stop valve is connected with the emitter of first pliotron, first power The emitter of triode is grounded;
The processor is connected by first current-limiting resistance with the base stage of first pliotron;
Second electronic switch includes:
Second pliotron, the second current-limiting resistance;
The positive pole of the loudspeaker is connected by the loudspeaker with the collector of second pliotron, institute The power cathode for stating loudspeaker is connected with the emitter of second pliotron, the emitter of second pliotron Ground connection;
The processor is connected by second current-limiting resistance with the base stage of second pliotron;
The third electronic switch includes:
Third pliotron, third current-limiting resistance;
The positive pole of the electromagnetic actuator device is by the electromagnetic actuator device and the third pliotron Collector is connected, and the power cathode of the electromagnetic actuator device is connected with the emitter of the third pliotron, and described the The emitter of three pliotrons is grounded;
The processor is connected by the third current-limiting resistance with the base stage of the third pliotron;
The work step of the processor are as follows:
The concentration value for obtaining the coal gas detection probe detection is set when the concentration value of coal gas detection probe detection exceeds When determining threshold value;
Gas leakage alarming information is issued to external equipment by short distance communication module;
Shutdown signal is issued to the third electronic switch, the third electronic switch controls the electromagnetic actuator device work Make, the permanent magnet drives the splined shaft to be equipped with locking block end and is detached from the locked groove, the splined shaft, flower by slip collar Key set, transmission shaft stop operating, the scrolling spring-return original state, and drive the valve plate and sealing by the shaft Ring is tightly connected, and terminal water outlet stops water outlet;
Shutdown signal is issued to first electronic switch, first electronic switch controls the electric-control stop valve and closes It closes, the fuel gas pipeline stops gas supply;
Shutdown signal is issued to second electronic switch, second electronic switch controls the loudspeaker and opens;
When the concentration value of coal gas detection probe detection is in given threshold;
The processor controls the electric-control stop valve by the first electronic switch and opens;
The processor controls the loudspeaker by the second electronic switch and closes;
Temperature measuring unit detects that water temperature reaches preset temperature in the first mixing chamber, and the processor passes through third electronic switch It controls second water control valve to open, the terminal water outlet water outlet.
Preferably, the check-valves includes that check valve body, stifled body, compressed spring and fixed ring, the check valve body are set For tubular structure, the check valve body inside is equipped with horizontal cavity, and inlet pipeline connects in the cavity, and the cavity is remote From inlet pipeline one end through being connected in the mixing chamber, the cavity inner wall is formed with horn-like close to inlet pipeline one end Flaring, the cavity inner wall are equipped with fixed ring close to mixing chamber end, and the compressed spring is set in the cavity, the compression bullet Spring one end is connect with the fixed ring opening edge along end, and the compressed spring other end is connect with the stifled body, and the stifled body is set For chondritic, the stifled horizontally movable setting of body is at the flaring inner wall end, and the flaring internal diameter is along far from described The direction of stifled body gradually becomes smaller, and the stifled external surface is wrapped with sealing rubber layer.
Preferably, the stifled body diameter is less than at the flaring inner wall maximum gauge, the stifled body diameter is greater than described Be flared at inner wall minimum diameter, the sealing rubber layer with a thickness of 4-9mm, the sealing rubber layer outer surface is coated with corrosion resistant Erosion resisting coating, the corrosion-resistant figure layer with a thickness of 80-500 μm.
Other features and advantages of the present invention will be illustrated in the following description, also, partly becomes from specification It obtains it is clear that understand through the implementation of the invention.The objectives and other advantages of the invention can be by written explanation Specifically noted structure is achieved and obtained in book, claims and attached drawing.
Below by drawings and examples, technical scheme of the present invention will be described in further detail.
Detailed description of the invention
Attached drawing is used to provide further understanding of the present invention, and constitutes part of specification, with reality of the invention It applies example to be used to explain the present invention together, not be construed as limiting the invention.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is a kind of Intelligent water mixing valve flow diagram one in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a kind of Intelligent water mixing valve flow diagram two in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is a kind of Intelligent water mixing valve control principle drawing in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is a kind of Intelligent water mixing valve outline drawing in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is valve inner structural schematic diagram in Intelligent water mixing valve a kind of in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the second water control valve side sectional view in Intelligent water mixing valve a kind of in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is electric driver top view in Intelligent water mixing valve a kind of in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is driving member cross-sectional view in Intelligent water mixing valve a kind of in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is a kind of intelligent water mixing valve portion control principle drawing in the embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 10 is the first electronic switch annexation figure in Intelligent water mixing valve a kind of in the embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 11 is the second electronic switch annexation figure in Intelligent water mixing valve a kind of in the embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 12 is third electronic switch annexation figure in Intelligent water mixing valve a kind of in the embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 13 is check-valves side sectional view in Intelligent water mixing valve a kind of in the embodiment of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings, it should be understood that preferred reality described herein Apply example only for the purpose of illustrating and explaining the present invention and is not intended to limit the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 shows, the embodiment of the invention provides a kind of Intelligent water mixing valves, including valve body 1, further includes:
Terminal water outlet 2;
Inlet unit 3, the inlet unit 3 are set in the valve body 1, the inlet unit 3 include into cold water chamber 3-1 and Into hot hydroecium 3-2, it is described into the water outlet cold water chamber 3-1 and/or it is described into the water outlet hot hydroecium 3-2 be connected with control its go out water flow First water control valve 4 of amount;
Mixing chamber 5, the mixing chamber 5 is set in the valve body 1, described into the water outlet cold water chamber 3-1 and described into hot water The room water outlet 3-2 passes through band 6 inlet pipeline of check-valves and connect with the mixing chamber 5, and 5 water outlet of mixing chamber passes through outlet pipe Road 5-1 is connect with the terminal water outlet 2, and the second water control valve 7, second water control valve 7 are connected on the outlet pipeline 5-1 In the valve body:
Temperature measuring unit 8, the temperature measuring unit 8 is set in the mixing chamber 5, for detecting water temperature in the mixing chamber 5;
Man-machine interaction unit 9, the man-machine interaction unit 9 are arranged close to the terminal water outlet 2, in order to human body behaviour Make, the input for receiving user instructs;
Short distance communication module 10, the short distance communication module 10 are set in valve body 1, the work transmitted for receiving external equipment It instructs;
Processor 11, the processor 11 be set to valve body 1 in, and respectively with first water control valve 4, the second water control valve 7, Temperature measuring unit 8, man-machine interaction unit 9 and short distance communication module 10 connect.
The working principle of above-mentioned technical proposal and to have the beneficial effect that user by man-machine interaction unit 9 inputs user common Water temperature and water flow parameter to processor 11, the man-machine interaction unit 9 for touch control display screen and can pass through data Line and power supply line are connect with the processor 11 or user is sent out by external equipment (such as mobile phone) to short distance communication module 10 Work order out, the instruction include water temperature and water flow parameter etc., and short distance communication module 10 receives work order and is transferred to Processor 11, the short distance communication module 10 can be bluetooth, WIFI etc., when user opens terminal water outlet 2, the first water control valve 4 open, and hot water or cold water is mixed into mixing chamber 5, and temperature measuring unit 8 detects the actual water temperature in mixing chamber 5 and is transferred to processor 11, processor 11 compares actual water temperature and user's set water temperature parameter, if actual water temperature is lower than user's set water temperature, Processor 11 issues work order to the first water control valve 4, and first water control valve 4 increases into the water outlet hot hydroecium 3-2 water, or First water control valve 4 is reduced into the water outlet cold water chamber 3-1 water, if actual water temperature is higher than user's set water temperature, processor 11 issue work order to the first water control valve 4, and first water control valve 4 is reduced into hot hydroecium 3-2 water outlet water or described the One water control valve 4 increases into the water outlet cold water chamber 3-1 water, when the actual water temperature meets user's set water temperature, processor 11 Work order is issued to the second water control valve 7, the second water control valve 7 is opened, and terminal water outlet 2 goes out according to the water temperature constant temperature of user preset Water, first water regulator 4 and the second water regulator 7 are motor-driven valve common in the art, i.e., are controlled by control motor The aperture of motor-driven valve, the Intelligent water mixing valve high reliablity avoid user de-regulation cold-hot water proportion and water flow size repeatedly, To reduce water resource waste, which can be individually produced, and can also be integrated in existing water heater, including combustion gas and electricity Water heater, bright can fill can also hide installation, when man-machine interaction unit 9 is touch control display screen, touch control display screen Size and existing 86 type switch panel it is in the same size, install back box and 86 type magazines it is general.
User can also set the common flow intensity parameter of user to processor 11 by man-machine interaction unit 9, for example, Different grades of flow intensity 0-10 grades of setting in the processor 11, it is corresponding described when user sets 3 grades of water outlet intensity First water control valve 4 and the second water control valve 7 open different apertures respectively, to be discharged according to 3 grades of intensity, to meet user for going out The requirement of water intensity constant avoids user anti-so that terminal water outlet 2 be made to be discharged according to the flow intensity constant flow of user preset The size of multiple de-regulation water flow.
In one embodiment, further includes:
Voice-input unit 12, the voice-input unit 12 are set to 9 outer surface of man-machine interaction unit, the voice input Unit 12 is connect with the processor 11, for receiving for user speech input instruction;
Storage unit 13, the storage unit 13 are set in man-machine interaction unit 9, the storage unit 13 and the processing Device 11 connects, and facial information and other information for storing user include user's Common Parameters;
Image acquisition units 14, described image acquisition unit 14 be set to 9 outer surface of man-machine interaction unit and with the processing Device 11 connects, for acquiring the facial information of user.
The working principle of above-mentioned technical proposal and have the beneficial effect that user can be by 12 (such as microphone of voice-input unit Deng) the sending phonological working instruction of Xiang Suoshu processor 11, realize acoustic control operation, storage unit 13 is stored with the face of different user Information and corresponding 2 water temperature of terminal water outlet of different user and flow information, processor 11 pass through image acquisition units 14 (such as camera) acquisition user information is simultaneously compared with the user information of the storage of storage unit 13, thus the Auto-matching use Leaving water temperature and flow required for family, the man-machine interaction unit 9 are adopted with voice-input unit 12, storage unit 13, image Collect unit 14 and 16 integrated setting of loudspeaker.
In one embodiment, further includes:
Coal gas detection probe 15, coal gas detection probe 15 are arranged close to gas-type water heater, and by data line and Power supply line is connect with the processor 11, for detecting the gas concentration in gas-type water heater's ambient enviroment;
Loudspeaker 16, the loudspeaker 16 are set in man-machine interaction unit 9 and by data line and power supply line and the place It manages device 11 to connect, 9 outer surface of man-machine interaction unit is equipped with continuant orifice.
If the working principle of above-mentioned technical proposal and have the beneficial effect that hot water supply end be gas-type water heater when, occur When gas leakage, coal gas detection probe 15 detects that the gas concentration in the Intelligent water mixing valve ambient enviroment is higher than dangerous values (4% or more generates harm to human body), sends distress signal, the processor 11 is issued to loudspeaker 16 to processor 11 Work order, loudspeaker 16 sound the alarm, and simultaneous processor 11 is set by short distance communication module 10 to the outside bound with it Preparation goes out gas leakage alarming.
As shown in Figure 4, Figure 5, in one embodiment, 1 upper end of valve body is respectively equipped with cold water inlet 1-1 and hot water Water inlet 1-2, the cold water inlet 1-1 are connected into cold water chamber 3-1, and the water inlet of hot water 1-2 is connected into hot water In the 3-2 of room, water exit position needed for the terminal water outlet 2 is set to user, the mixing chamber 5 includes the first interconnected mixed water Room 5-2 and the second mixing chamber 5-3, the first mixing chamber 5-2 is set to center in the valve body 1, described into cold water chamber 3-1 Symmetrically or non-symmetrically be arranged centered on the first mixing chamber 5-2 with described into hot hydroecium 3-2, it is described into cold water chamber 3-1 and Described pass through respectively into hot hydroecium 3-2 connect with 6 inlet pipeline of check-valves with the first mixing chamber 5-2, and the check-valves 6 Set on the inlet pipeline close to the first end mixing chamber 5-2, the outlet pipeline 5-1 is connect with the first mixing chamber 5-2, institute It states the second mixing chamber 5-3 and is attached at described into the outer surface cold water chamber 3-1, the temperature measuring unit 8 is set to the first mixing chamber 5-2 It is interior.
The working principle of above-mentioned technical proposal and have the beneficial effect that by dividing the mixing chamber 5 for be interconnected the One mixing chamber 5-2 and the second mixing chamber 5-3, the second mixing chamber 5-3 are attached at described into the outer surface cold water chamber 3-1, realization Heat exchange, to carry out warm-up operation into the cold water in cold water chamber 3-1.
As shown in Figures 6 to 9, in one embodiment, second water control valve 7 includes water control valve body 7-1 and electric drive Device 7-2, the electric driver 7-2 are set to the upper end water control valve body 7-1, and the water control valve body 7-1 is interior logical equipped with fluid Road 7-6, the outlet pipeline 5-1 are connected in fluid channel 7-6, and valve plate 7-3, sealing ring are equipped in the fluid channel 7-6 7-4 and the shaft 7-5, the valve plate 7-3 being fixedly connected with the valve plate 7-3 match sealing, institute with the sealing ring 7-4 The one end of shaft 7-5 far from valve plate 7-3 is stated through the outer surface water control valve body 7-1, the sealing ring 7-4 is connected to the stream In the 7-6 of body channel, the electric driver 7-2 includes stepper motor 7-21, driver 7-22 and driving member 7-23, the stepping Motor 7-21 is connect with the driver 7-22, and the driver 7-22 uses controllor for step-by-step motor, can control the step Start into the rotational angle of motor 7-21, direction, speed, time and single, the driver 7-22 and the processor 11 connect It connects, the stepper motor 7-21 and driver 7-22 are connected to the outer surface water control valve body 7-1, the stepping electricity by rack Machine 7-21 output end is connect by driving member 7-23 with the shaft 7-5, and the driving member 7-23 includes rotating casing 7-231, Splined shaft 7-232 is transversely provided in the rotating casing 7-231, the one end the rotating casing 7-231 is rotatably connected to spline housing 7-233, the spline housing 7-233 are equipped with spline 7-234, and the one end the splined shaft 7-232 is connected to the spline 7- In 234, the rotating casing 7-231 other end sealed set, described its inner wall of rotating casing 7-231 is set close to another end position There is locked groove 7-235, the splined shaft 7-232 other end is fixed with the locking block 7-236 protruded into the locked groove 7-235, institute It states stepper motor 7-21 output end to connect with the rotating casing 7-231 other end, the spline housing 7-233 is far from spline 7- 234 ends are equipped with transmission shaft 7-237, and the transmission shaft 7-237 is collinearly arranged with the splined shaft 7-232, the transmission shaft 7-237 One end is connect with the spline housing 7-233 far from the end spline 7-234, the transmission shaft 7-237 other end and the shaft 7-5 It is sequentially connected far from the end valve plate 7-3 by bevel gear 7-7.
The working principle of above-mentioned technical proposal and have the beneficial effect that the processor 11 by driver 7-22 control described in Rotational angle, direction, speed, time and the single starting of stepper motor 7-21, and then control the folding of second water control valve 7 Degree, and realize the control to 2 water flow of terminal water outlet, the motor output end driving rotating casing 7-231 rotation, Splined shaft 7-232 in the rotating casing 7-231 its be equipped with locking block 7-236 and driven under the drive of locked groove 7-235 The spline housing 7-233 rotation being connect with its other end, and then transmission shaft 7-237 rotation is driven, and by logical with transmission shaft 7-237 The shaft 7-5 rotation for crossing bevel gear 7-7 transmission connection, so that the valve plate 7-3 that control is connect with the shaft 7-5 is in fluid channel Aperture in 7-6.
As shown in Figure 8, Figure 9, in one embodiment, scrolling spring 7-8, the scrolling are arranged on the shaft 7-5 Spring 7-8 is connected in the water control valve body 7-1, and the scrolling spring 7-8 passes through in the initial state described in shaft 7-5 drive The valve plate 7-3 and sealing ring 7-4 is tightly connected, and slip collar 7-238, the sliding are equipped in the rotating casing 7-231 Lantern ring 7-238 inner ring end is rotatably installed on the splined shaft 7-232 by bearing, the rotating casing 7-231 inner wall The first sliding groove 7-9 and the second sliding groove 7-0, the first sliding groove 7-9 and the second sliding groove 7-0 are respectively equipped with the flower Be symmetrical arranged centered on center line where key axis 7-232, and the first sliding groove 7-9 and the second sliding groove 7-0 with it is described Splined shaft 7-232 is arranged in parallel, and sliding shoe 7-91 is equipped in the first sliding groove 7-9, the sliding shoe 7-91 is by stretching Contracting spring 7-92 is connect with the inner end the first sliding groove 7-9, the sliding shoe 7-91 and the slip collar 7-238 outer ring End is fixedly connected, and permanent magnet 7-01, the permanent magnet 7-01 and the slip collar 7- are equipped in the second sliding groove 7-0 238 outer ring ends are fixedly connected, and the second sliding groove 7-0 inner wall is equipped with the electromagnetic drive dress matched with the permanent magnet 7-01 7-02 is set, the electromagnetic actuator device 7-02 is connect with the processor 11.
The working principle of above-mentioned technical proposal and have the beneficial effect that when need moment close second water control valve 7 when, place It manages device 11 and issues work order to electromagnetic actuator device 7-02, electromagnetic actuator device 7-02 generates suction, and permanent magnet 7-01 drives Slip collar 7-238 moment is mobile to the electromagnetic actuator device 7-02 direction, connect with the slip collar 7-238 The splined shaft 7-232 be equipped with the end locking block 7-236 be detached from from the locked groove 7-235, and then the rotating casing 7-231 with Stopping transmission between the splined shaft 7-232, the shaft 7-5 restPoses rapidly under scrolling spring 7-8 effect, The valve plate 7-3 and sealing ring 7-4 is tightly connected.
As shown in Figure 10 to Figure 12, in one embodiment, further includes:
Electric-control stop valve 17, the electric-control stop valve 17 are connected on fuel gas pipeline, the electric-control stop valve 17 and processing Device 11 connects;
First electronic switch 18, first electronic switch 18 are connect with the electric-control stop valve 17, described for controlling The starting of electric-control stop valve 17 is closed;
Second electronic switch 19, second electronic switch 19 are connect with loudspeaker 16, for controlling the loudspeaker 16 Starting is closed;
Third electronic switch 20, the third electronic switch 20 is connect with the electromagnetic actuator device 7-02, for controlling The electromagnetic actuator device 7-02 starting is closed;
First electronic switch 18 includes:
First pliotron 18-1, the first current-limiting resistance 18-2;
The positive pole of the electric-control stop valve 17 is by electric-control stop valve 17 and the first pliotron 18- 1 collector is connected, and the power cathode of the electric-control stop valve 17 is connected with the emitter of the first pliotron 18-1, The emitter of the first pliotron 18-1 is grounded;
The base stage phase that the processor 11 passes through the first current-limiting resistance 18-2 and the first pliotron 18-1 Even;
Second electronic switch 19 includes:
Second pliotron 19-1, the second current-limiting resistance 19-2;
The positive pole of the loudspeaker 16 passes through the current collection of loudspeaker 16 and the second pliotron 19-1 Extremely it is connected, the power cathode of the loudspeaker 16 is connected with the emitter of the second pliotron 19-1, second function The emitter of rate triode 19-1 is grounded;
The base stage phase that the processor 11 passes through the second current-limiting resistance 19-2 and the second pliotron 19-1 Even;
The third electronic switch 20 includes:
Third pliotron 20-1, third current-limiting resistance 20-2;
The positive pole of the electromagnetic actuator device 7-02 is by the electromagnetic actuator device 7-02 and the third power The collector of triode 20-1 is connected, the power cathode of the electromagnetic actuator device 7-02 and the third pliotron 20-1 Emitter be connected, the emitter of third pliotron 20-1 ground connection;
The base stage phase that the processor 11 passes through the third current-limiting resistance 20-2 and the third pliotron 20-1 Even;
The work step of the processor 11 are as follows:
The concentration value for obtaining 15 detection of coal gas detection probe, when the concentration value of 15 detection of coal gas detection probe is super Out when given threshold;
Gas leakage alarming information is issued to external equipment by short distance communication module 10;
Shutdown signal is issued to the third electronic switch 20, the third electronic switch 20 controls the electromagnetic drive dress 7-02 work is set, the permanent magnet 7-01 drives the splined shaft 7-232 to be equipped with locking block 7-236 by slip collar 7-238 End is detached from the locked groove 7-235, and the splined shaft 7-232, spline housing 7-233, transmission shaft 7-237 stop operating, the scrolling Spring 7-8 replys original state, and drives the valve plate 7-3 and sealing ring 7-4 to be tightly connected by the shaft 7-5, terminal Water outlet 2 stops water outlet;
Shutdown signal is issued to first electronic switch 18, first electronic switch 18 controls the electric-control stop valve 17 close, and the fuel gas pipeline stops gas supply;
Shutdown signal is issued to second electronic switch 19, second electronic switch 19 controls the loudspeaker 16 and opens It opens;
When the concentration value of 15 detection of coal gas detection probe is in given threshold;
The processor 11 controls the electric-control stop valve 17 by the first electronic switch 18 and opens;
The processor 11 controls the loudspeaker 16 by the second electronic switch 19 and closes;
Temperature measuring unit 8 detects that water temperature reaches preset temperature in the first mixing chamber 5-2, and the processor 11 passes through third electricity Sub switch 20 controls second water control valve 7 and opens, and the terminal water outlet 2 is discharged.
As shown in figure 13, in one embodiment, the check-valves 6 includes check valve body 6-1, stifled body 6-2, compressed spring 6-3 and fixed ring 6-4, the check valve body 6-1 are set as tubular structure, and the inside check valve body 6-1 is equipped with horizontal cavity 6-5, inlet pipeline are connected in the cavity 6-5, and the cavity 6-5 runs through far from inlet pipeline one end is connected to the mixed water In room 5, the cavity 6-5 inner wall is formed with horn-like flaring 6-6 close to inlet pipeline one end, and the cavity 6-5 inner wall is close 5 end of mixing chamber be equipped with fixed ring 6-4, the compressed spring 6-3 be set to the cavity 6-5 in, the one end the compressed spring 6-3 with The fixed ring 6-4 opening edge is connected along end, and the compressed spring 6-3 other end is connect with the stifled body 6-2, the stifled body 6- 2 are set as chondritic, and the stifled body 6-2 is horizontally movable to be arranged in flaring 6-6 inner wall end, the flaring 6-6 internal diameter It is gradually become smaller along the direction far from the stifled body 6-2, the outer surface stifled body 6-2 is wrapped with sealing rubber layer.
The working principle of above-mentioned technical proposal and having the beneficial effect that into water from the inlet pipeline is flowed into cavity 6-5, When the hydraulic pressure being flowed into flaring 6-6 is greater than the compressed spring 6-3 elastic force, fluid is flowed into mixed water after opening stifled body 6-2 In room 5, the check-valves 6 is connected, and when the side the fixed ring 6-4 enters fluid, compressed spring 6-3 withstands stifled body 6-2, blocks up Body 6-2 is withstood in flaring 6-6, and the cavity 6-5 is sealed, and the check-valves 6 can not be connected, and by being equipped with check-valves 6, is prevented What is be arranged oppositely is described into the water outlet hot hydroecium 3-2 and described into the mutual crossfire in the water outlet cold water chamber 3-1.
In one embodiment, the stifled body 6-2 diameter is less than at the flaring 6-6 inner wall maximum gauge, the stifled body 6-2 diameter be greater than the flaring 6-6 inner wall minimum diameter at, the sealing rubber layer with a thickness of 4-9mm, the seal rubber Layer outer surface be coated with corrosion-resistant finishes, the corrosion-resistant figure layer with a thickness of 80-500 μm.
It the working principle of above-mentioned technical proposal and has the beneficial effect that by being wrapped with sealing in the outer surface stifled body 6-2 Rubber layer, the leakproofness for increasing stifled body 6-2 and being flared between 6-6 are resistance to by being coated in the sealing rubber layer outer surface Corrosion layer improves the corrosion resistance of stifled body 6-2.
Obviously, various changes and modifications can be made to the invention without departing from essence of the invention by those skilled in the art Mind and range.In this way, if these modifications and changes of the present invention belongs to the range of the claims in the present invention and its equivalent technologies Within, then the present invention is also intended to include these modifications and variations.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of Intelligent water mixing valve, including valve body (1), which is characterized in that further include:
Terminal water outlet (2);
Inlet unit (3), the inlet unit (3) are set in the valve body (1), and the inlet unit (3) includes into cold water chamber It is described into the cold water chamber water outlet (3-1) and/or described into the connection of the hot hydroecium water outlet (3-2) (3-1) and into hot hydroecium (3-2) There is the first water control valve (4) for controlling its water flow;
Mixing chamber (5), the mixing chamber (5) be set to the valve body (1) in, it is described into the cold water chamber water outlet (3-1) and it is described into The hot hydroecium water outlet (3-2) passes through band check-valves (6) inlet pipeline and connect with the mixing chamber (5), mixing chamber (5) water outlet End is connect by outlet pipeline (5-1) with the terminal water outlet (2), is connected with the second control water on the outlet pipeline (5-1) Valve (7), second water control valve (7) are set in the valve body (1):
Temperature measuring unit (8), the temperature measuring unit (8) is set in the mixing chamber (5), for detecting the mixing chamber (5) interior water Temperature;
Man-machine interaction unit (9), the man-machine interaction unit (9) is arranged close to the terminal water outlet (2), for receiving user Input instruction;
Short distance communication module (10), the short distance communication module (10) are set in valve body (1), transmit for receiving external equipment Work order;
Processor (11), the processor (11) are set in valve body (1), and control water with first water control valve (4), second respectively Valve (7), temperature measuring unit (8), man-machine interaction unit (9) and short distance communication module (10) connection.
2. a kind of Intelligent water mixing valve according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further include:
Voice-input unit (12), the voice-input unit (12) are set to man-machine interaction unit (9) outer surface, and the voice is defeated Enter unit (12) to connect with the processor (11), for receiving for user speech input instruction;
Storage unit (13), the storage unit (13) be set to man-machine interaction unit (9) in, the storage unit (13) with it is described Processor (11) connection, for storing the facial information of user;
Image acquisition units (14), described image acquisition unit (14) be set to man-machine interaction unit (9) outer surface and with the place Device (11) connection is managed, for acquiring the facial information of user.
3. a kind of Intelligent water mixing valve according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further include:
Coal gas detection is popped one's head in (15), and coal gas detection probe (15) is arranged close to gas-type water heater, and by data line and Power supply line is connect with the processor (11), for detecting the gas concentration in gas-type water heater's ambient enviroment;
Loudspeaker (16), the loudspeaker (16) be set in man-machine interaction unit (9) and by data line and power supply line with it is described Processor (11) connection, man-machine interaction unit (9) outer surface are equipped with continuant orifice.
4. a kind of Intelligent water mixing valve according to claim 1, which is characterized in that valve body (1) upper end is respectively equipped with cold Water water inlet (1-1) and water inlet of hot water (1-2), the cold water inlet (1-1) is connected into cold water chamber (3-1), described Water inlet of hot water (1-2) is connected into hot hydroecium (3-2), water exit position needed for the terminal water outlet (2) is set to user, institute Stating mixing chamber (5) includes interconnected the first mixing chamber (5-2) and the second mixing chamber (5-3), first mixing chamber (5-2) Set on the valve body (1) interior center, it is described into cold water chamber (3-1) and it is described into hot hydroecium (3-2) with the described first mixed water Symmetrically or non-symmetrically it is arranged centered on room (5-2), it is described described to pass through into cold water chamber (3-1) and respectively band into hot hydroecium (3-2) Check-valves (6) inlet pipeline is connect with first mixing chamber (5-2), and the check-valves (6) is set to the inlet pipeline and leans on Nearly first mixing chamber (5-2) end, the outlet pipeline (5-1) connect with first mixing chamber (5-2), second mixing chamber (5-3) is attached at described into the outer surface cold water chamber (3-1), and the temperature measuring unit (8) is set in first mixing chamber (5-2), Coal gas detection pops one's head in (15) close to gas-type water heater's setting.
5. a kind of Intelligent water mixing valve according to claim 1, which is characterized in that second water control valve (7) includes control water Valve body (7-1) and electric driver (7-2), the electric driver (7-2) is set to water control valve body (7-1) upper end, described It is equipped with fluid channel (7-6) in water control valve body (7-1), the outlet pipeline (5-1) is connected in fluid channel (7-6), described Valve plate (7-3), sealing ring (7-4) and the shaft (7- being fixedly connected with the valve plate (7-3) are equipped in fluid channel (7-6) 5), the valve plate (7-3) matches sealing, the one end of the shaft (7-5) far from valve plate (7-3) with the sealing ring (7-4) Through water control valve body (7-1) outer surface, the sealing ring (7-4) is connected in the fluid channel (7-6), and the electricity drives Dynamic device (7-2) includes stepper motor (7-21), driver (7-22) and driving member (7-23), the stepper motor (7-21) and Driver (7-22) connection, the driver (7-22) use controllor for step-by-step motor, can control the stepper motor Rotational angle, direction, speed, time and the single starting of (7-21), the driver (7-22) and the processor (11) are even It connects, the stepper motor (7-21) and driver (7-22) are connected to water control valve body (7-1) outer surface by rack, described Stepper motor (7-21) output end is connect by driving member (7-23) with the shaft (7-5), and the driving member (7-23) includes Rotating casing (7-231), the rotating casing (7-231) is interior to be transversely provided with splined shaft (7-232), the rotating casing (7- 231) one end is rotatably connected to spline housing (7-233), and the spline housing (7-233) is equipped with spline (7-234), the spline The one end axis (7-232) is connected in the spline (7-234), and rotating casing (7-231) other end sealed set is described Rotating casing (7-231) its inner wall is equipped with locked groove (7-235) close to another end position, and splined shaft (7-232) other end is solid It is fixed to be equipped with the locking block (7-236) protruded into the locked groove (7-235), stepper motor (7-21) output end and the rotation The connection of casing (7-231) other end, the spline housing (7-233) are equipped with transmission shaft (7-237) far from the end spline (7-234), The transmission shaft (7-237) and the splined shaft (7-232) are collinearly arranged, described transmission shaft one end (7-237) and the spline (7-233) is covered far from the end spline (7-234) connection, and transmission shaft (7-237) other end and the shaft (7-5) are far from valve Plate (7-3) end is sequentially connected by bevel gear (7-7).
6. a kind of Intelligent water mixing valve according to claim 5, which is characterized in that be arranged with scrolling on the shaft (7-5) Spring (7-8), the scrolling spring (7-8) are connected in the water control valve body (7-1), and the scrolling spring (7-8) is initial The valve plate (7-3) and the sealing ring (7-4) is driven to be tightly connected by shaft (7-5) under state, the rotating casing (7- 231) it is equipped with slip collar (7-238) in, slip collar (7-238) the inner ring end is rotatably installed on described by bearing On splined shaft (7-232), rotating casing (7-231) inner wall is respectively equipped with the first sliding groove (7-9) and the second sliding groove (7- 0), first sliding groove (7-9) and the second sliding groove (7-0) are right centered on center line where the splined shaft (7-232) Claim setting, and first sliding groove (7-9) and the second sliding groove (7-0) are arranged in parallel with the splined shaft (7-232), institute It states and is equipped with sliding shoe (7-91) in the first sliding groove (7-9), the sliding shoe (7-91) passes through adjustable spring (7-92) and institute State the connection of the first sliding groove inner end (7-9), the fixed company of the sliding shoe (7-91) and the slip collar (7-238) outer ring end It connects, is equipped with permanent magnet (7-01) in second sliding groove (7-0), the permanent magnet (7-01) and the slip collar (7- 238) outer ring end is fixedly connected, and the second sliding groove (7-0) inner wall is equipped with the electromagnetism matched with the permanent magnet (7-01) Driving device (7-02), the electromagnetic actuator device (7-02) connect with the processor (11).
7. a kind of Intelligent water mixing valve according to claim 6, which is characterized in that further include:
Electric-control stop valve (17), the electric-control stop valve (17) are connected on fuel gas pipeline, the electric-control stop valve (17) and place Manage device (11) connection;
First electronic switch (18), first electronic switch (18) connect with the electric-control stop valve (17), for controlling It states electric-control stop valve (17) starting or closes;
Second electronic switch (19), second electronic switch (19) connect with loudspeaker (16), for controlling the loudspeaker (16) start or close;
Third electronic switch (20), the third electronic switch (20) connect with the electromagnetic actuator device (7-02), for controlling It makes the electromagnetic actuator device (7-02) starting or closes;
First electronic switch (18) includes:
First pliotron (18-1), the first current-limiting resistance (18-2);
The positive pole of the electric-control stop valve (17) is by the electric-control stop valve (17) and first pliotron The collector of (18-1) is connected, the hair of the power cathode of the electric-control stop valve (17) and first pliotron (18-1) Emitter-base bandgap grading is connected, the emitter ground connection of first pliotron (18-1);
The base stage that the processor (11) passes through first current-limiting resistance (18-2) and first pliotron (18-1) It is connected;
Second electronic switch (19) includes:
Second pliotron (19-1), the second line resistance (19-2);
The positive pole of the loudspeaker (16) passes through the collection of the loudspeaker (16) and second pliotron (19-1) Electrode is connected, and the power cathode of the loudspeaker (16) is connected with the emitter of second pliotron (19-1), described The emitter of second pliotron (19-1) is grounded;
The base stage that the processor (11) passes through second line resistance (19-2) and second pliotron (19-1) It is connected;
The third electronic switch (20) includes:
Third pliotron (20-1), third current-limiting resistance (20-2);
The positive pole of the electromagnetic actuator device (7-02) is by the electromagnetic actuator device (7-02) and the third power The collector of triode (20-1) is connected, the power cathode and the third pliotron of the electromagnetic actuator device (7-02) The emitter of (20-1) is connected, the emitter ground connection of the third pliotron (20-1);
The base stage that the processor (11) passes through the third current-limiting resistance (20-2) and the third pliotron (20-1) It is connected;
The work step of the processor (11) are as follows:
The concentration value for obtaining coal gas detection probe (15) detection, when the concentration value of coal gas detection probe (15) detection is super Out when given threshold;
Gas leakage alarming information is issued to external equipment by short distance communication module (10);
Shutdown signal is issued to the third electronic switch (20), the third electronic switch (20) controls the electromagnetic drive dress (7-02) work is set, the permanent magnet (7-01) drives the splined shaft (7-232) to be equipped with locking by slip collar (7-238) Block (7-236) end is detached from the locked groove (7-235), the splined shaft (7-232), spline housing (7-233), transmission shaft (7-237) Stop operating, the scrolling spring (7-8) replys original state, and by the shaft (7-5) drive the valve plate (7-3) and Sealing ring (7-4) is tightly connected, and terminal water outlet (2) stops water outlet;
Shutdown signal is issued to first electronic switch (18), first electronic switch (18) controls the electric-control stop valve (17) it closes, the fuel gas pipeline stops gas supply;
Shutdown signal is issued to second electronic switch (19), second electronic switch (19) controls the loudspeaker (16) It opens;
When the concentration value of coal gas detection probe (15) detection is in given threshold;
The processor (11) controls the electric-control stop valve (17) by the first electronic switch (18) and opens;
The processor (11) controls the loudspeaker (16) by the second electronic switch (19) and closes;
Temperature measuring unit (8) detects that the first mixing chamber (5-2) interior water temperature reaches preset temperature, and the processor (11) passes through third Electronic switch (20) controls second water control valve (7) and opens, terminal water outlet (2) water outlet.
8. a kind of Intelligent water mixing valve according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the check-valves (6) includes check valve body (6-1), stifled body (6-2), compressed spring (6-3) and fixed ring (6-4), the check valve body (6-1) is set as tubular structure, described Horizontal cavity (6-5) is equipped with inside check valve body (6-1), inlet pipeline is connected in the cavity (6-5), the cavity (6-5) far from inlet pipeline one end through being connected in the mixing chamber (5), cavity (6-5) inner wall is close to inlet pipeline One end is formed with horn-like flaring (6-6), and cavity (6-5) inner wall is equipped with fixed ring (6-4) close to mixing chamber (5) end, institute Compressed spring (6-3) is stated in the cavity (6-5), described compressed spring one end (6-3) and the fixed ring (6-4) are open The connection of edge end, compressed spring (6-3) other end are connect with the stifled body (6-2), and the stifled body (6-2) is set as spherical knot Structure, the stifled body (6-2) is horizontally movable to be arranged at flaring (6-6) the inner wall end, and described flaring (6-6) internal diameter is along remote Direction from the stifled body (6-2) gradually becomes smaller, and stifled body (6-2) outer surface is wrapped with sealing rubber layer.
9. a kind of Intelligent water mixing valve according to claim 8, which is characterized in that stifled body (6-2) diameter is less than described It is flared at (6-6) inner wall maximum gauge, stifled body (6-2) diameter is greater than at described flaring (6-6) inner wall minimum diameter, described Sealing rubber layer with a thickness of 4-9mm, the sealing rubber layer outer surface is coated with corrosion-resistant finishes, the corrosion-resistant figure layer With a thickness of 80-500 μm.
CN201910019913.0A 2019-01-09 2019-01-09 Intelligent water mixing valve Active CN109519567B (en)

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