CN109465501A - A kind of gear milling rib cutter and its application method - Google Patents

A kind of gear milling rib cutter and its application method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109465501A
CN109465501A CN201811476452.1A CN201811476452A CN109465501A CN 109465501 A CN109465501 A CN 109465501A CN 201811476452 A CN201811476452 A CN 201811476452A CN 109465501 A CN109465501 A CN 109465501A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
rib
cutter
blade
gear
knife handle
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201811476452.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曾令万
罗觅知
廖承渝
李樟
张建波
杜雄飞
尹臣
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Chongqing Machine Tool Group Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Chongqing Machine Tool Group Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Chongqing Machine Tool Group Co Ltd filed Critical Chongqing Machine Tool Group Co Ltd
Priority to CN201811476452.1A priority Critical patent/CN109465501A/en
Publication of CN109465501A publication Critical patent/CN109465501A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23FMAKING GEARS OR TOOTHED RACKS
    • B23F21/00Tools specially adapted for use in machines for manufacturing gear teeth
    • B23F21/12Milling tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23FMAKING GEARS OR TOOTHED RACKS
    • B23F19/00Finishing gear teeth by other tools than those used for manufacturing gear teeth
    • B23F19/10Chamfering the end edges of gear teeth
    • B23F19/102Chamfering the end edges of gear teeth by milling
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23FMAKING GEARS OR TOOTHED RACKS
    • B23F23/00Accessories or equipment combined with or arranged in, or specially designed to form part of, gear-cutting machines
    • B23F23/12Other devices, e.g. tool holders; Checking devices for controlling workpieces in machines for manufacturing gear teeth
    • B23F23/1237Tool holders

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of gear milling rib cutter and its application methods, apply in gear mechanism manufacture field, including the blade and knife handle being linked together;The knife handle can access cutter spindle;The cutter spindle is connect with a swing mechanism with balance staff, and the blade is in the thick intermediate thin dumbbell shape structure in both ends, and blade surface is by slightly to carefully and by carefully to being slightly continuous gradation.The present invention is by using the blade in the thick intermediate thin dumbbell shape structure in both ends, realize that milling rib can easily fall into tooth root exterior feature part, and the case where avoiding cutter from jumping to another flank of tooth suddenly appearance, it is provided simultaneously with preferable versatility, the feed distance by adjusting milling rib cutter adapts to the milling rib operation of different gears.

Description

A kind of gear milling rib cutter and its application method
Technical field
The invention belongs to gear mechanism manufacture fields, and in particular to a kind of gear milling rib cutter and its application method.
Background technique
The machining deformation and burr of gear are concentrated mainly on the both ends of the surface of gear and rib turns edge.It was verified that through milling rib The gear of processing can improve meshing quality, improve transmission stability, reduce rotational noise, prolong the service life.
There are many existing milling rib techniques, has pendulum-type technique in common milling rib technique, i.e., by bar type milling rib Cutting tool installation manner in One compresses on swinging structure, and the work gear to be added of the outer surface and rotation that make bar type milling rib cutter is in close contact, and bar type mills rib knife Successively jump is swung tool between each flank of tooth, completes milling rib operation.This mode there are the problem of are as follows: 1, there are cutters to have arrived tooth The risk that the wide part of root is just fallen to go down, such as to zero degree (cone) gear, or when carry out deepening tooth root cutting, cutter is because of it For cylinder rod type, the decline of cutter toward tooth root direction is hindered, while also counteracting the movement of balance staff;2, versatility is low, for The milling rib of the milling rib operation of different gears or same gear difference gear aperture, it is also necessary to reprogram or replace milling rib knife Tool, it is troublesome in poeration;3, milling rib quality is low, since cylindrical bar milling cutter cannot decline completely contact toward tooth root direction, can jump to suddenly in addition One flank of tooth is processed, to generate feed mark and phenomenon of forging a knife, influences product quality.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, the purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of gears to mill rib cutter, realize that milling rib can easily fall into tooth root Wide part, and appearance the case where avoid cutter from jumping to another flank of tooth suddenly, are provided simultaneously with preferable versatility, pass through adjusting The feed distance for milling rib cutter adapts to the milling rib operation of different gears.
In order to achieve the above objectives, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
A kind of gear milling rib cutter, including the blade and knife handle being fixedly connected;Knife handle free end is detachably equipped with cutter Main shaft;It is rotatably connected to swing mechanism on cutter spindle far from knife handle side, is run through on the swing mechanism and cutter spindle It is connected with balance staff, the blade is in the thick intermediate thin dumbbell shape structure in both ends, and blade surface is by slightly to carefully and by carefully to thick equal For continuous gradation.
Preferably, by slightly to carefully and by thick junction being carefully smooth cambered surface transition in the middle part of the blade.
Preferably, the knife handle is threaded on cutter spindle, is offered in the middle part of the cutter spindle tapped Card slot offers the external screw thread to match with internal screw thread on the outer surface of the knife handle.
Preferably, the blade and knife handle are integrally formed.
Preferably, graduated scale is installed on the knife handle.
Preferably, the swing mechanism is oscillating cylinder.
A kind of application method of gear milling rib cutter, comprising the following steps:
A, it will be equipped on the knife handle insertion cutter spindle of blade;
B, cutter spindle and swing mechanism are rotatablely connected by balance staff;
C, blade is mounted in the gear teeth tips of rib to be milled, swing mechanism drives blade to jump around balance staff and swings, complete At the milling rib operation of a tooth top, the gear of rib to be milled is rotated, and blade continues to carry out next tooth top milling rib operation, so past It is multiple, complete the tooth top milling rib operation of rib gear to be milled;
D, when milling rib operation to the Gear Root of rib to be milled, blade carries out milling rib operation along the decline of tooth root direction, so Back and forth, the Gear Root of rib to be milled is carried out to milling rib operation one by one.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are: the present invention by using the blade in the thick intermediate thin dumbbell shape structure in both ends, The case where realizing that milling rib can easily fall into tooth root exterior feature part, and cutter is avoided to jump to another flank of tooth suddenly appearance, has simultaneously Standby preferable versatility, the feed distance by adjusting milling rib cutter adapt to the milling rib operation of different gears.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to keep the purpose of the present invention, technical scheme and beneficial effects clearer, the present invention provides following attached drawing and carries out Illustrate:
Fig. 1 gear of the present invention mills rib cutter structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is status diagram when milling rib cutter mill teeth top using gear of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is status diagram when milling rib cutter mill teeth root using gear of the present invention.
It is marked in attached drawing as follows: blade 1, knife handle 2, cutter spindle 3, balance staff 4, swing mechanism 5, gear 6, tooth top 61, tooth Root 62.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with attached drawing, a preferred embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail.
Such as Fig. 1~3, a kind of gear milling rib cutter, including the blade 1 and knife handle 2 being linked together;The knife handle 2 can access Cutter spindle 3;The cutter spindle 3 is connect with a swing mechanism 5 with balance staff 4, and the blade 1 is in thick intermediate thin mute in both ends Bell type structure, and 1 surface of blade by slightly to carefully with by carefully to slightly be continuous gradation.Graduated scale is installed on knife handle 2, facilitates control Knife handle 2 processed is inserted into the depth of cutter spindle 3.Swing mechanism 5 is oscillating cylinder.
A kind of application method of gear milling rib cutter, comprising the following steps:
A, the knife handle 2 for being equipped with blade 1 is inserted on cutter spindle 3;
B, cutter spindle 3 is rotatablely connected with swing mechanism 5 by balance staff 4;
C, blade 1 is mounted in the gear teeth tips of rib to be milled, swing mechanism 5 drives blade 1 to jump around balance staff 4 and puts It is dynamic, the milling rib operation an of tooth top, the gear rotation of rib to be milled are completed, blade 1 continues to carry out next tooth top milling rib operation, And so on, the tooth top milling rib operation of rib gear to be milled is completed;
D, when milling rib operation to the Gear Root of rib to be milled, blade 1 carries out milling rib operation along the decline of tooth root direction, so Back and forth, the Gear Root of rib to be milled is carried out to milling rib operation one by one.
State is shown in Fig. 2 when mill teeth top 61, and gear 6 (does not illustrate) in figure on the table to be rotated along the direction B, 1 edge of blade Around swing mechanism 5, along the direction A, successively jump is swung balance staff 4 between each flank of tooth, completes milling rib operation, distinctive based on the cutter Blade structure, the milling rib of the operation of milling rib or same gear difference gear aperture for different gears, so that it may directly pass through tune The feed distance of section milling rib cutter is adapted to, and such as adjusts cutter spindle 3 to the clamping depth of blade 1, without reprograming Or replacement milling rib cutter, versatility are higher.
State is shown in Fig. 3 when mill teeth root 62, is based on the distinctive blade structure of the cutter, blade 1 can be smoothly toward tooth root side To decline, the influence to balance staff movement will not be generated, meanwhile, because blade can decline contact toward tooth root direction completely, It is not in that cutter jumps to the phenomenon that another flank of tooth is processed suddenly, it can solve to generate feed mark and forge a knife existing As the problem of, surface quality after improving Gear Processing, while also avoiding cutter itself and hook-type caused by cracking occur lacking It falls into.
Further, in the present embodiment, the middle part of blade 1 is by slightly to carefully and by thick junction being carefully smooth cambered surface mistake It crosses, improves the fluency and continuity of 1 surface curve of blade.
Finally, it is stated that preferred embodiment above is only used to illustrate the technical scheme of the present invention and not to limit it, although logical It crosses above preferred embodiment the present invention is described in detail, however, those skilled in the art should understand that, can be Various changes are made to it in form and in details, without departing from claims of the present invention limited range.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of gear mills rib cutter, it is characterised in that: including the blade and knife handle being fixedly connected;The knife handle free end is removable It unloads and cutter spindle is installed;Swing mechanism, the swing mechanism and knife are rotatably connected on cutter spindle far from knife handle side Through balance staff is connected on tool main shaft, the blade is in the thick intermediate thin dumbbell shape structure in both ends, and blade surface is by slightly to thin With by carefully to slightly be continuous gradation.
2. gear according to claim 1 mills rib cutter, it is characterised in that: by slightly to carefully and by thin in the middle part of the blade It is smooth cambered surface transition to thick junction.
3. gear according to claim 1 mills rib cutter, it is characterised in that: the knife handle is threaded in cutter spindle On, tapped card slot is offered in the middle part of the cutter spindle, is offered on the outer surface of the knife handle and internal screw thread phase The external screw thread matched.
4. gear according to claim 1 mills rib cutter, it is characterised in that: the blade and knife handle are integrally formed.
5. gear according to claim 1 mills rib cutter, it is characterised in that: be equipped with graduated scale on the knife handle.
6. gear according to claim 1 mills rib cutter, it is characterised in that: the swing mechanism is oscillating cylinder.
7. the application method of gear milling rib cutter as described in Claims 1 to 5 is any, it is characterised in that: the following steps are included:
A, it will be equipped on the knife handle insertion cutter spindle of blade;
B, cutter spindle and swing mechanism are rotatablely connected by balance staff;
C, blade is mounted in the gear teeth tips of rib to be milled, swing mechanism drives blade to jump around balance staff and swings, and completes one The milling rib operation of a tooth top, the gear rotation of rib to be milled, blade continue to carry out next tooth top milling rib operation, and so on, Complete the tooth top milling rib operation of rib gear to be milled;
D, when milling rib operation to the Gear Root of rib to be milled, blade carries out milling rib operation along the decline of tooth root direction, and so on, The Gear Root of rib to be milled is carried out to milling rib operation one by one.
CN201811476452.1A 2018-12-04 2018-12-04 A kind of gear milling rib cutter and its application method Pending CN109465501A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811476452.1A CN109465501A (en) 2018-12-04 2018-12-04 A kind of gear milling rib cutter and its application method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811476452.1A CN109465501A (en) 2018-12-04 2018-12-04 A kind of gear milling rib cutter and its application method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109465501A true CN109465501A (en) 2019-03-15

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201811476452.1A Pending CN109465501A (en) 2018-12-04 2018-12-04 A kind of gear milling rib cutter and its application method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN109465501A (en)

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE202007016740U1 (en) * 2006-12-02 2008-03-13 Maschinenfabrik Rausch Gmbh & Co. Kg Device for deburring a workpiece
DE202009015537U1 (en) * 2009-11-17 2010-02-04 Maschinenfabrik Rausch Gmbh & Co. Kg Tool
CN102151909A (en) * 2011-03-18 2011-08-17 陕西秦川机械发展股份有限公司 Large-scale numerical control gear machining machine tool
CN102744468A (en) * 2011-04-18 2012-10-24 利勃海尔-齿轮技术有限责任公司 Gear cutting machine, end mill and form milling method
CN203031061U (en) * 2012-12-31 2013-07-03 台州金剑机械制造有限公司 Worm gear hob enabling users to replace blades
CN104379287A (en) * 2012-06-22 2015-02-25 爱信精机株式会社 Crown gear manufacturing device and manufacturing method
CN207402222U (en) * 2017-10-28 2018-05-25 温岭市宇弘机械设备有限公司 Digital control vertical gear milling machine

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE202007016740U1 (en) * 2006-12-02 2008-03-13 Maschinenfabrik Rausch Gmbh & Co. Kg Device for deburring a workpiece
DE202009015537U1 (en) * 2009-11-17 2010-02-04 Maschinenfabrik Rausch Gmbh & Co. Kg Tool
CN102151909A (en) * 2011-03-18 2011-08-17 陕西秦川机械发展股份有限公司 Large-scale numerical control gear machining machine tool
CN102744468A (en) * 2011-04-18 2012-10-24 利勃海尔-齿轮技术有限责任公司 Gear cutting machine, end mill and form milling method
CN104379287A (en) * 2012-06-22 2015-02-25 爱信精机株式会社 Crown gear manufacturing device and manufacturing method
CN203031061U (en) * 2012-12-31 2013-07-03 台州金剑机械制造有限公司 Worm gear hob enabling users to replace blades
CN207402222U (en) * 2017-10-28 2018-05-25 温岭市宇弘机械设备有限公司 Digital control vertical gear milling machine

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Application publication date: 20190315

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication