CN109455930A - A kind of dedicated enamel of ceramics - Google Patents

A kind of dedicated enamel of ceramics Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109455930A
CN109455930A CN201811516297.1A CN201811516297A CN109455930A CN 109455930 A CN109455930 A CN 109455930A CN 201811516297 A CN201811516297 A CN 201811516297A CN 109455930 A CN109455930 A CN 109455930A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
oxide
ceramics
enamel
dedicated
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CN201811516297.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
娄帅雨
温琳琳
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Yuzhou Tianbao Jun Porcelain Culture Co Ltd
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Yuzhou Tianbao Jun Porcelain Culture Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201811516297.1A priority Critical patent/CN109455930A/en
Publication of CN109455930A publication Critical patent/CN109455930A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions

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  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • General Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Geochemistry & Mineralogy (AREA)
  • Materials Engineering (AREA)
  • Organic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Glass Compositions (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of dedicated enamel of ceramics, are prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: to 4-6 parts of benzene hydroquinone, 5-7 parts of wollastonite, 6-8 parts of ethylene glycol, 4-6 parts of limonite, 1-3 parts of piperonyl butoxide, 2-5 parts of bauxite, 5-10 parts of vermiculite power, 5-10 parts of tin oxide, PbO5-12 parts, 1,4-6 parts of 4- butanediol, 2-5 parts of sodium oxide molybdena, 1-3 parts of zirconium dioxide, 3-5 parts of calcium oxide, 3-5 parts of nickel oxide and 1-2 parts of titanium dioxide;Total, the present invention has the advantages that enough to improve that the brightness of ceramics, high-temperature stability be good, long service life.

Description

A kind of dedicated enamel of ceramics
Technical field
The invention belongs to porcelain manufacturing technology fields, and in particular to a kind of dedicated enamel of ceramics.
Background technique
Roasting of the ceramic glaze through certain temperature and melt, when the temperature drops, formed ceramic surface glassy thin layer, it makes Ware increases mechanical strength, thermal stability, dielectric strength and the erosion for preventing liquid, gas, and glaze is beautiful there are also porcelain is increased With convenient for washing the effects of wiping, not being sticky with by dust, various decorations are can be used also with the artistic effect of enhanced article in glaze, but existing Common glaze formula composition be difficult to meet performance requirement, the performances such as high-temperature stability of overglaze glaze are relatively poor;Therefore, it mentions For a kind of brightness that can be improved ceramics, high-temperature stability is good, the dedicated enamel of ceramics with long service life is very important.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, and provide it is a kind of can be improved ceramics brightness, height Temperature stability is good, the dedicated enamel of ceramics with long service life.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this: a kind of dedicated enamel of ceramics is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: To 4-6 parts of benzene hydroquinone, 5-7 parts of wollastonite, 6-8 parts of ethylene glycol, 4-6 parts of limonite, 1-3 parts of piperonyl butoxide, bauxite 2-5 parts, 5-10 parts of vermiculite power, 5-10 parts of tin oxide, PbO5-12 parts, 4-6 parts of 1,4-butanediol, 2-5 parts of sodium oxide molybdena, titanium dioxide 1-3 parts of zirconium, 3-5 parts of calcium oxide, 3-5 parts of nickel oxide and 1-2 parts of titanium dioxide.
A kind of dedicated enamel of ceramics, is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: to 4 parts of benzene hydroquinone, wollastonite 5 Part, 6 parts of ethylene glycol, 4 parts of limonite, 1 part of piperonyl butoxide, 2 parts of bauxite, 5 parts of vermiculite power, 5 parts of tin oxide, PbO5 parts, 1, 4 parts of 4- butanediol, 2 parts of sodium oxide molybdena, 1 part of zirconium dioxide, 3 parts of calcium oxide, 3 parts of nickel oxide and 1 part of titanium dioxide.
A kind of dedicated enamel of ceramics, is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: to 5 parts of benzene hydroquinone, wollastonite 6 Part, 7 parts of ethylene glycol, 5 parts of limonite, 2 parts of piperonyl butoxide, 4 parts of bauxite, 8 parts of vermiculite power, 7 parts of tin oxide, PbO9 parts, 1, 5 parts of 4- butanediol, 3 parts of sodium oxide molybdena, 2 parts of zirconium dioxide, 4 parts of calcium oxide, 4 parts of nickel oxide and 2 parts of titanium dioxide.
A kind of dedicated enamel of ceramics, is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: to 6 parts of benzene hydroquinone, wollastonite 7 Part, 8 parts of ethylene glycol, 6 parts of limonite, 3 parts of piperonyl butoxide, 5 parts of bauxite, 10 parts of vermiculite power, 10 parts of tin oxide, PbO12 parts, 6 parts of 1,4-butanediol, 5 parts of sodium oxide molybdena, 3 parts of zirconium dioxide, 5 parts of calcium oxide, 5 parts of nickel oxide and 2 parts of titanium dioxide.
Beneficial effects of the present invention: in the present invention, hydroquinone is that a kind of two contraposition hydrogen of benzene are optionally substituted by a hydroxyl group to be formed Organic compound, be mainly used for producing black-and-white development agent, anthraquinone dye, azo dyes, rubber antioxidant, stabilizer and antioxygen Agent;Wollastonite is a kind of inorganic needle-shaped mineral, and feature is nontoxic, resistant to chemical etching, thermal stability and dimensionally stable are good, there is glass Glass and pearly luster, low water absorption and oil factor, mechanical property and excellent electrical properties and have certain reinforcing effect, hardness 4.5~5.0, it is mainly used as: the raw material or filler of papermaking, ceramics, cement, rubber, plastics etc., gas filtering material and heat-insulated material Material, metallurgical fluxing agent etc.;Ethylene glycol is no color or smell, pleasantly sweet liquid, is typically used as solvent, antifreezing agent and synthesis terylene Raw material, the high polymer polyethylene glycol of ethylene glycol is a kind of phase transfer catalyst, is also used for cell fusion;Limonite, ingredient Fe2O3-nH2O, the general 30-40% containing Fe, actually not a kind of individual mineral, but with the hydroxide of the iron such as goethite Based on, the mixture comprising aqueous silicon dioxide and shale etc., the compact massive person rich in silicon, hardness is up to 5.5;And it is rich in The earthy person of shale, hardness drop to 1;Piperonyl butoxide, it is not soluble in water, it is most of organic to dissolve in dicholorodifluoromethane etc. In solvent, broad spectrum activity synergist;Bauxite is also known as alumina or bauxite, and main component is aluminium oxide, is the hydration containing impurity Aluminium oxide is a kind of earthy mineral, and opaque, matter is crisp, it is extremely difficult to it melts, it is not soluble in water, and it can vitriolization, sodium hydroxide solution; Vermiculite is a kind of hydrate, is the product of the natural minerals weathering alteration such as biotite in blocky, sheet and granular, rich in nitrogen, The ingredients such as phosphorus, potassium, aluminium, iron, magnesium, silicate, vermiculite have a higher layer charge number, thus cation exchange capacity with higher and Stronger cation exch ange adsorption ability, feature is: light, liquid manure absorption property is good, without putrefaction;Tin oxide to air and heat all It is very stable, it is not soluble in water, it is also insoluble in acid or aqueous slkali, but hot concentrated sulfuric acid and melting caustic alkali and potassium hydroxide can be dissolved in, It is slightly soluble in alkali metal carbonate solution, is reacted with general chemical reagent, do not act on nitric acid, slowly become with dense HCl heat together Chloride and dissolve, under high temperature with hydrogen effect be reduced to metallic tin, tin oxide is usually used in enamel and electromagnetic material, and is used for Manufacture opal glass, pink salt, porcelain colorant, fabric mordant and weighting agent, steel and the buffing compound of glass etc.;Lead oxide, yellow Tetragonal crystal system powder is heated to becoming lead orthoplumbate at 300~450 DEG C, and continuing heating becomes lead monoxide again, not soluble in water And ethyl alcohol, it is dissolved in acetone, nitric acid, liquid alkaline, ammonium chloride.It can harden and react with glycerol;1,4- butanediol is a kind of important Organic and fine chemical material, it is widely used in the fields such as medicine, chemical industry, weaving, papermaking, automobile and daily-use chemical industry.By BDO can produce tetrahydrofuran, polybutylene terephthalate (PBT), γ-fourth lactones and polyurethane resin, coating and plasticizer Deng, and as solvent and the brightener of electroplating industry etc.;Sodium oxide molybdena easily deliquesces wet sensitive sense, meets water and plays violent combination reaction, Sodium hydroxide is formed, sodium oxide molybdena is melted in dark-red heat, is decomposed into sodium peroxide and sodium simple substance when being greater than 400 degrees Celsius; Zirconium dioxide is the main oxides of zirconium, is white odorless, tasteless crystal under usual condition, is insoluble in water, hydrochloric acid and dilute sulfuric acid, Generally often contain a small amount of hafnium oxide, chemical property torpescence, and there is high-melting-point, high resistivity, high refractive index and low-heat The property of the coefficient of expansion makes it important heat-resisting material, ceramic insulating material and ceramic opacifier, also manually bores Primary raw material;Calcium oxide is a kind of inorganic compound, white or with grey is blocky or particle, has hygroscopicity, chemical property is steady It is fixed;Nickel oxide is a kind of common inorganic compound, is the most steady oxide of nickel, is green powder, physical property is with system The variation of standby temperature and change, with the raising of preparation temperature, density and resistance increase, and solubility and catalytic activity reduce, can The pigment of adhesive agent and colorant, ceramics and glass as enamel;Titanium dioxide, white solid or powdered both sexes oxidation Object is a kind of white inorganic pigment, has nontoxic, optimal opacity, best whiteness and brightness, it is considered to be generation now The best a kind of white pigment of performance in boundary, the adhesion strength of titanium white is strong, has been not easy chemical change, be forever it is snow-white, answer extensively For industry such as coating, plastics, papermaking, printing ink, chemical fibre, rubber, cosmetics, its fusing point is very high, is also used to manufacture Fireproof glass, glaze, enamel, clay, experimental ware resistant to high temperature etc.;Ceramic dedicated ceramic glaze of the invention, can be improved pottery The brightness of porcelain, while resistant to chemical etching, acid and alkali-resistance, and high-temperature stability is good, makes glaze layer can be right under High Temperature Hot-corrosion Behaviorof environment Plate plays good protective effect, long service life.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
A kind of dedicated enamel of ceramics, is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: to 4 parts of benzene hydroquinone, 5 parts of wollastonite, second 6 parts of glycol, 4 parts of limonite, 1 part of piperonyl butoxide, 2 parts of bauxite, 5 parts of vermiculite power, 5 parts of tin oxide, PbO5 parts, Isosorbide-5-Nitrae-fourth two 4 parts of alcohol, 2 parts of sodium oxide molybdena, 1 part of zirconium dioxide, 3 parts of calcium oxide, 3 parts of nickel oxide and 1 part of titanium dioxide.
Ceramic dedicated ceramic glaze of the invention can be improved the brightness of ceramics, while resistant to chemical etching, acid and alkali-resistance, and high Temperature stability is good, makes glaze layer that can play good protective effect, long service life to plate under High Temperature Hot-corrosion Behaviorof environment.
Embodiment 2
A kind of dedicated enamel of ceramics, is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: to 6 parts of benzene hydroquinone, 7 parts of wollastonite, second 8 parts of glycol, 6 parts of limonite, 3 parts of piperonyl butoxide, 5 parts of bauxite, 10 parts of vermiculite power, 10 parts of tin oxide, PbO12 parts, Isosorbide-5-Nitrae- 6 parts of butanediol, 5 parts of sodium oxide molybdena, 3 parts of zirconium dioxide, 5 parts of calcium oxide, 5 parts of nickel oxide and 2 parts of titanium dioxide.
Ceramic dedicated ceramic glaze of the invention can be improved the brightness of ceramics, while resistant to chemical etching, acid and alkali-resistance, and high Temperature stability is good, makes glaze layer that can play good protective effect, long service life to plate under High Temperature Hot-corrosion Behaviorof environment.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of dedicated enamel of ceramics, which is characterized in that it is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: to benzene hydroquinone 4-6 Part, 5-7 parts of wollastonite, 6-8 parts of ethylene glycol, 4-6 parts of limonite, 1-3 parts of piperonyl butoxide, 2-5 parts of bauxite, vermiculite power 5-10 Part, 5-10 parts of tin oxide, PbO5-12 parts, 4-6 parts of 1,4-butanediol, 2-5 parts of sodium oxide molybdena, 1-3 parts of zirconium dioxide, calcium oxide 3-5 Part, 3-5 parts of nickel oxide and 1-2 parts of titanium dioxide.
2. a kind of dedicated enamel of ceramics according to claim 1, which is characterized in that its by following parts by weight raw material system At: to 4 parts of benzene hydroquinone, 5 parts of wollastonite, 6 parts of ethylene glycol, 4 parts of limonite, 1 part of piperonyl butoxide, 2 parts of bauxite, vermiculite 5 parts of powder, 5 parts of tin oxide, PbO5 parts, 4 parts of 1,4-butanediol, 2 parts of sodium oxide molybdena, 1 part of zirconium dioxide, 3 parts of calcium oxide, nickel oxide 3 Part and 1 part of titanium dioxide.
3. a kind of dedicated enamel of ceramics according to claim 1, which is characterized in that its by following parts by weight raw material system At: to 5 parts of benzene hydroquinone, 6 parts of wollastonite, 7 parts of ethylene glycol, 5 parts of limonite, 2 parts of piperonyl butoxide, 4 parts of bauxite, vermiculite 8 parts of powder, 7 parts of tin oxide, PbO9 parts, 5 parts of 1,4-butanediol, 3 parts of sodium oxide molybdena, 2 parts of zirconium dioxide, 4 parts of calcium oxide, nickel oxide 4 Part and 2 parts of titanium dioxide.
4. a kind of dedicated enamel of ceramics according to claim 1, which is characterized in that its by following parts by weight raw material system At: to 6 parts of benzene hydroquinone, 7 parts of wollastonite, 8 parts of ethylene glycol, 6 parts of limonite, 3 parts of piperonyl butoxide, 5 parts of bauxite, vermiculite 10 parts of powder, 10 parts of tin oxide, PbO12 parts, 6 parts of 1,4-butanediol, 5 parts of sodium oxide molybdena, 3 parts of zirconium dioxide, 5 parts of calcium oxide, oxidation 5 parts and 2 parts of titanium dioxide of nickel.
CN201811516297.1A 2018-12-12 2018-12-12 A kind of dedicated enamel of ceramics Pending CN109455930A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111559780A (en) * 2020-06-11 2020-08-21 江苏博隆锦欣环保设备有限公司 Nickel-magnesium wastewater treatment system and nickel-magnesium wastewater treatment method

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108467203A (en) * 2018-06-21 2018-08-31 江苏田字格新材料科技有限公司 A kind of ceramics dedicated ceramic glaze

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108467203A (en) * 2018-06-21 2018-08-31 江苏田字格新材料科技有限公司 A kind of ceramics dedicated ceramic glaze

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111559780A (en) * 2020-06-11 2020-08-21 江苏博隆锦欣环保设备有限公司 Nickel-magnesium wastewater treatment system and nickel-magnesium wastewater treatment method

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Application publication date: 20190312