CN109437027A - A kind of shield machine cutter hanging apparatus - Google Patents

A kind of shield machine cutter hanging apparatus Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN109437027A
CN109437027A CN201811551877.4A CN201811551877A CN109437027A CN 109437027 A CN109437027 A CN 109437027A CN 201811551877 A CN201811551877 A CN 201811551877A CN 109437027 A CN109437027 A CN 109437027A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
connecting plate
rod
shield machine
hanging apparatus
suspension
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201811551877.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郑伟
陈贝贝
郭宏耀
刘恒
吕专真
李峰
陈福涛
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xiamen XGMA CREC Heavy Machinery Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Xiamen XGMA CREC Heavy Machinery Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xiamen XGMA CREC Heavy Machinery Co Ltd filed Critical Xiamen XGMA CREC Heavy Machinery Co Ltd
Priority to CN201811551877.4A priority Critical patent/CN109437027A/en
Publication of CN109437027A publication Critical patent/CN109437027A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C23/00Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes
    • B66C23/18Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes specially adapted for use in particular purposes
    • B66C23/36Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes specially adapted for use in particular purposes mounted on road or rail vehicles; Manually-movable jib-cranes for use in workshops; Floating cranes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C23/00Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes
    • B66C23/62Constructional features or details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C23/00Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes
    • B66C23/62Constructional features or details
    • B66C23/64Jibs
    • B66C23/70Jibs constructed of sections adapted to be assembled to form jibs or various lengths
    • B66C23/701Jibs constructed of sections adapted to be assembled to form jibs or various lengths telescopic

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of shield machine cutter hanging apparatus, including boom hoisting, the boom hoisting includes suspension shaft, connecting plate, the body of rod and suspension hook;For being fastenedly connected with assembling machine snatch head, the other end is fixed on the bottom of connecting plate for suspension shaft one end;Described body of rod one end is fixedly connected on the side of connecting plate, and the other end is connected to suspension hook, which can rotate around body of rod longitudinal end;When assembling machine snatch head and suspension shaft are mutually fastenedly connected, by the rotating lifting of pipe sheet assembling lifting device, the variation of boom hoisting height is driven, to realize transhipment of the cutter to shield people cabin hung at suspension hook.Using above-mentioned design, hanging apparatus of the present invention is simple and reliable for structure, using the assembling machine snatch head snatch suspension shaft on existing shield machine, so that whole device be driven to move.

Description

A kind of shield machine cutter hanging apparatus
Technical field
The present invention relates to shield mechanisms, refer in particular to a kind of shield machine cutter hanging apparatus.
Background technique
Cutter on shield machine is wear-out part, and after a period of use, cutter will appear serious abrasion, at this time, it may be necessary to Cutter is replaced, shield machine is just able to maintain good working order.But replacement cutter is very troublesome at present, worker's labour Intensity is big, replaces inefficiency.
Notification number is a kind of shield machine cutter hoisting structure disclosed in 204702458 U of CN, as shown in Figure 1, including pedestal It is provided with lifting seat 2' on plate 1', base plate 1', lifts and is provided with driving motor 3' on seat 2', driving motor 3' drive connection has It is provided with ball-screw 5 ' in one ball-screw seat 4', ball-screw seat 4', a movable block 6' is connected on ball-screw 5 ', is moved It is connected with a vertical loading board 7' on motion block 6', a Lift hook 8' is slidably connected on vertical loading board 7', because cutter need to be hoisted to shield machine In people cabin, and people cabin installation site is generally mounted at the top of shield machine, and height fall is big, the drawbacks of causing using the above scheme: 1. the single cutter of shield machine is generally easily bent deformation in the case of 150kg or more, 5 ' long range loading condition of ball-screw;2. The structure and installation accuracy of ball-screw 5 ' require high, processing cost height, and require use environment high;3. using ball-screw 5 ' transmissions, need complicated dynamical system and matched construction and device.
In view of this, the present inventor develops a kind of shield machine cutter hanging apparatus for overcoming drawbacks described above, this case is thus It generates.
Summary of the invention
It is stable it is an object of that present invention to provide a kind of simple and reliable for structure, performance efficiency and without increasing additional power dress The shield machine cutter hanging apparatus set.
In order to achieve the above objectives, solution of the invention are as follows: a kind of shield machine cutter hanging apparatus, including play lifting It sets, the boom hoisting includes suspension shaft, connecting plate, the body of rod and suspension hook;Suspension shaft one end is used to fasten with assembling machine snatch head Connection, the other end are fixed on the bottom of connecting plate;Described body of rod one end is fixedly connected on the side of connecting plate, other end connection In suspension hook, which can rotate around body of rod longitudinal end;When assembling machine snatch head and suspension shaft are mutually fastenedly connected, by section of jurisdiction The rotating lifting of assembled lifting device drives the variation of boom hoisting height, so that realization hangs over the cutter at suspension hook to shield The transhipment in people cabin.
Further, the suspension shaft is removably secured the bottom for being connected to connecting plate.
Further, one snap-gauge of connection is removably secured on the connecting plate, snap-gauge is equipped with a notch, and suspension shaft is equipped with one Annular groove, the through-hole that suspension shaft is equipped with from connecting plate bottom pass through, and mutually support by snap-gauge notch and suspension shaft annular groove By cooperation, it is removably secured suspension shaft and is connected to connecting plate bottom.
Further, the suspension hook realizes that it can be rotated around body of rod longitudinal end by the way that oscillating bearing component is arranged.
Further, described body of rod one end is fixedly connected on the side of connecting plate, and the other end is fixedly connected with a connecting shaft, connection Axis is mounted on the inner hole of oscillating bearing component and extends outwardly, which is clamped a circlip, which is used to limit joint shaft The axial displacement of bearing assembly.
Further, the body of rod is flexible pipe structure, and length is adjustable.
Further, a chain block is also added in the bottom of suspension hook.
Further, the body of rod connect an otic placode in the one end being fixedly connected with connecting plate side.
Compared to the prior art, the invention has the following advantages: the shield machine cutter hanging apparatus increases without additional Add power device, utilizes assembling machine snatch head existing on shield machine, snatch suspension shaft, by the rotation of pipe sheet assembling lifting device Turn lifting to drive the variation of boom hoisting height, to realize transhipment of the cutter to shield people cabin hung at suspension hook, this hair Bright simple and reliable for structure and performance efficiency is stablized;Simultaneously because the snatch power of assembling machine can reach 5 tons or more, assembly itself is utilized For machine as power source, it can be achieved that a much knives have while lifting, the efficiency of cutter is replaced in raising.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of existing shield machine cutter hanging apparatus;
Fig. 2 is the combination diagram that the present invention realizes single cutter lifting;
Fig. 3 is the combination diagram that the present invention realizes the lifting of at least two cutters;
Fig. 4 is Three-dimensional combination diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is perspective exploded view of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is present invention lifting status diagram.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and the specific embodiments, the present invention will be described in detail.
As shown in Figures 2 to 6, a kind of shield machine cutter hanging apparatus that the present invention discloses, including boom hoisting 100 rise Device for hoisting 100 includes suspension shaft 1, connecting plate 2, the body of rod 3 and suspension hook 4, and 1 one end of suspension shaft is used to fasten with assembling machine snatch head 5 Connection, the other end are fixed on the bottom of connecting plate 2, and 3 one end of the body of rod is fixedly connected on the side for being connected to connecting plate 2, the other end It is connected to suspension hook 4, which can rotate around 3 longitudinal end of the body of rod.Suspension shaft 1 and the mode that assembling machine snatch head 5 is fastenedly connected are excellent It is selected as acting on suspension shaft 1 by the assembled lifting discount being equipped in assembling machine snatch head 5, is fastenedly connected suspension shaft 1 in spelling Installation snatch head 5.Specifically, the process that the present invention lifts is as follows: as shown in fig. 6, originally, hanging over 300, cutter at suspension hook 4 In the lower section in shield people cabin;Later, when assembling machine snatch head 5 and suspension shaft 1 are mutually fastenedly connected, have by shield machine Pipe sheet assembling lifting device 200 rotating lifting, drive boom hoisting 100 by position 1 to be moved to position 2, finally rest on The lifting of cutter 300 is completed in position 3, finally transports cutter by people cabin loop wheel machine.Shield machine cutter hanging apparatus of the present invention is not necessarily to volume Outer increase power device, using assembling machine snatch head 5 existing on shield machine, snatch suspension shaft 1 is lifted by pipe sheet assembling and is filled 200 rotating lifting is set to drive the movement of boom hoisting 100, the configuration of the present invention is simple is reliable, and performance efficiency is stablized.
Suspension hook 4 is rotated around 3 longitudinal end of the body of rod, it is preferable that as shown in figure 5, suspension hook 4 is real by setting oscillating bearing component 6 Existing its can be rotated around 3 longitudinal end of the body of rod, and the oscillating bearing component 6 includes comprising connecting rod 61, oscillating bearing outer ring 62 and joint Bearing inner ring 63, oscillating bearing outer ring 62 are placed through in connecting rod 61, and 62 inner surface of oscillating bearing outer ring is spherical surface, in oscillating bearing The outer surface of ring 63 is spherical surface, and oscillating bearing inner ring 63 is rotationally sealedly attached to oscillating bearing outer ring 62, therefore can be real Existing cutter 300 state of dynamic regulation cutter 300 and position during handling, realize smooth motion.
Further, as shown in Figures 2 to 5, described 3 one end of the body of rod is fixedly connected on the side of connecting plate 2, and the other end is fixed A connecting shaft 8 is connected, connecting shaft 8 is mounted on the inner hole of oscillating bearing component 6 and extends outwardly, which is clamped a circlip 9, The circlip 9 is used to limit the axial displacement of oscillating bearing component 6.
As shown in figure 5, the suspension hook 4 is equipped with a lifting bolt 41, which is bolted in the bottom of connecting rod 61, Lifting bolt 41 is for hanging cutter 300.Preferably, a chain block 10 is also added in the bottom of suspension hook 4, the chain block 10 The height of adjustable cutter 300 in vertical direction.
As shown in figure 3, since the snatch power of pipe sheet assembling lifting device 200 can reach 5 tons or more, it can be achieved that more primary Cutter 300 lifts simultaneously, improves the efficiency of replacement cutter 300.
Further, the suspension shaft 1 is removably secured the bottom for being connected to connecting plate 2.Specifically, such as Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 Shown, the connecting plate 2 is removably secured one snap-gauge 7 of connection, and specifically, snap-gauge 7 passes through hex bolts 13 and plain washer 14 It is fixedly connected with connecting plate 2.Snap-gauge 7 is equipped with a notch 71, and suspension shaft 1 is equipped with an annular groove 11, and suspension shaft 1 is from connecting plate 2 The through-hole 21 that bottom is equipped with passes through, and abuts each other cooperation with 1 annular groove 11 of suspension shaft by 7 notch 71 of snap-gauge, makes suspension shaft 1 It is removably secured and is connected to 2 bottom of connecting plate.The present invention dismounts suspension shaft 1 by the quick fixed hoisting axis 1 of 7 energy of snap-gauge Conveniently and it is suitable for different size of suspension shaft 1.
Further, the body of rod 3 is flexible pipe structure, and length is adjustable, mutually nested particular by being arranged in the body of rod 3 Inner tube and outer tube (not shown), and realize by the fixed pin through inner tube and outer tube the fixation of inner tube and outer tube, from And realize the length adjustment of the body of rod 3;Or the length adjustment of its body of rod 3 can be also realized by being threadedly coupled for inner tube and outer tube;Very To the driving device that achievable 3 telescopic of the body of rod is arranged on the body of rod 3, to realize the length adjustment of the body of rod 3;Pass through bar The transformation of 3 length of body, the suspension hook 4 that can be convenient boom hoisting 100 are set closer to people's freight space, facilitate transhipment cutter.
Further, the body of rod 3 connect an otic placode 12 in the one end being fixedly connected with 2 side of connecting plate, the otic placode 12 be used for External tool connection, boom hoisting 100 is fixed in assembling machine snatch head 5.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and not to the limitation of this case design, all designs according to this case are closed The equivalent variations that key is done each falls within the protection scope of this case.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of shield machine cutter hanging apparatus, it is characterised in that: including boom hoisting (100), boom hoisting (100) packet Include suspension shaft (1), connecting plate (2), the body of rod (3) and suspension hook (4);Suspension shaft (1) one end is used to fasten with assembling machine snatch head (5) Connection, the other end are fixed on the bottom of connecting plate (2);Described body of rod (3) one end is fixedly connected on the side of connecting plate (2), The other end is connected to suspension hook (4), which can rotate around the body of rod (3) longitudinal end;When assembling machine snatch head (5) and suspension shaft (1) when being mutually fastenedly connected, by the rotating lifting of pipe sheet assembling lifting device (200), boom hoisting (100) height is driven Variation, to realize transhipment of the cutter (300) to shield people cabin hung at suspension hook (4).
2. a kind of shield machine cutter hanging apparatus as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the suspension shaft (1) is removable It is fixedly connected on the bottom of connecting plate (2) with unloading.
3. a kind of shield machine cutter hanging apparatus as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: can on the connecting plate (2) Connection one snap-gauge (7) is removedly fixed, snap-gauge (7) is equipped with a notch (71), and suspension shaft (1) is equipped with an annular groove (11), rises Hanging axis (1) is passed through from the through-hole (21) that connecting plate (2) bottom is equipped with, recessed by snap-gauge (7) notch (71) and suspension shaft (1) annular Slot (11) abuts each other cooperation, is removably secured suspension shaft (1) and is connected to connecting plate (2) bottom.
4. a kind of shield machine cutter hanging apparatus as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the suspension hook (4) is by setting It sets oscillating bearing component (6) and realizes that it can be rotated around the body of rod (3) longitudinal end.
5. a kind of shield machine cutter hanging apparatus as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that: described body of rod (3) one end is solid Surely it is connected to the side of connecting plate (2), the other end is fixedly connected a connecting shaft (8), and connecting shaft (8) is mounted on oscillating bearing component (6) inner hole simultaneously extends outwardly, which is clamped a circlip (9), which is used to limit oscillating bearing component (6) Axial displacement.
6. a kind of shield machine cutter hanging apparatus as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the body of rod (3) is flexible Pipe structure, length are adjustable.
7. a kind of shield machine cutter hanging apparatus as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the bottom of suspension hook (4) is also added One chain block (10).
8. a kind of shield machine cutter hanging apparatus as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the body of rod (3) with connecting plate (2) One end that side is fixedly connected connects an otic placode (12).
CN201811551877.4A 2018-12-19 2018-12-19 A kind of shield machine cutter hanging apparatus Pending CN109437027A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811551877.4A CN109437027A (en) 2018-12-19 2018-12-19 A kind of shield machine cutter hanging apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811551877.4A CN109437027A (en) 2018-12-19 2018-12-19 A kind of shield machine cutter hanging apparatus

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109437027A true CN109437027A (en) 2019-03-08

Family

ID=65559519

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201811551877.4A Pending CN109437027A (en) 2018-12-19 2018-12-19 A kind of shield machine cutter hanging apparatus

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN109437027A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112324449A (en) * 2020-11-30 2021-02-05 中建八局轨道交通建设有限公司 Cutter conveying device and method for changing cutter of shield machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112324449A (en) * 2020-11-30 2021-02-05 中建八局轨道交通建设有限公司 Cutter conveying device and method for changing cutter of shield machine
CN112324449B (en) * 2020-11-30 2022-05-27 中建八局轨道交通建设有限公司 Cutter conveying device and method for changing cutter of shield machine

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