CN109374447A - A kind of drop hammer impact testing machine for construction material detection - Google Patents

A kind of drop hammer impact testing machine for construction material detection Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109374447A
CN109374447A CN201811208110.1A CN201811208110A CN109374447A CN 109374447 A CN109374447 A CN 109374447A CN 201811208110 A CN201811208110 A CN 201811208110A CN 109374447 A CN109374447 A CN 109374447A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
electric telescopic
telescopic rod
fixed
construction material
vertical direction
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Pending
Application number
CN201811208110.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王书志
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201811208110.1A priority Critical patent/CN109374447A/en
Publication of CN109374447A publication Critical patent/CN109374447A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N3/00Investigating strength properties of solid materials by application of mechanical stress
    • G01N3/30Investigating strength properties of solid materials by application of mechanical stress by applying a single impulsive force, e.g. by falling weight
    • G01N3/303Investigating strength properties of solid materials by application of mechanical stress by applying a single impulsive force, e.g. by falling weight generated only by free-falling weight
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N3/00Investigating strength properties of solid materials by application of mechanical stress
    • G01N3/02Details
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N2203/00Investigating strength properties of solid materials by application of mechanical stress
    • G01N2203/0001Type of application of the stress
    • G01N2203/001Impulsive
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N2203/00Investigating strength properties of solid materials by application of mechanical stress
    • G01N2203/0014Type of force applied
    • G01N2203/0016Tensile or compressive
    • G01N2203/0019Compressive
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N2203/00Investigating strength properties of solid materials by application of mechanical stress
    • G01N2203/003Generation of the force
    • G01N2203/0032Generation of the force using mechanical means
    • G01N2203/0039Hammer or pendulum
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N2203/00Investigating strength properties of solid materials by application of mechanical stress
    • G01N2203/02Details not specific for a particular testing method
    • G01N2203/025Geometry of the test
    • G01N2203/0252Monoaxial, i.e. the forces being applied along a single axis of the specimen

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  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Analytical Chemistry (AREA)
  • Biochemistry (AREA)
  • General Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • General Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Immunology (AREA)
  • Pathology (AREA)
  • Investigating Strength Of Materials By Application Of Mechanical Stress (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of drop hammer impact testing machines for construction material detection, including pedestal, the upper surface of the pedestal is equipped with the first electric telescopic rod of vertical direction, the upper surface of first electric telescopic rod is fixed with horizontal test bench, the left end of the pedestal is fixed with the side frame of vertical direction, the left side of the side frame is equipped with control switch, this drop hammer impact testing machine detected for construction material, structure is simple, construction material is impacted by the freely falling body of gravity block, gravity block is located in housing, it is discharged by electromagnet, the resistance being subject to when release is smaller, release altitude is controlled by the second electric telescopic rod simultaneously, impact dynamics is accurately controllable, it ensure that the accuracy of detection data, realize that the rising of gravity block resets by linear motor, it is not required to artificial assistance, reduce testing staff's Labor intensity, it is easy to operate, facilitate the shock resistance detection for carrying out construction material.

Description

A kind of drop hammer impact testing machine for construction material detection
Technical field
The present invention relates to building detection device technical field, specially a kind of drop impact examination for construction material detection Test machine.
Background technique
Shock machine, which refers to, applies impact test power to sample, carries out the Material Testing Machine of impact test, impact test Machine is divided into manual Charpy impact machine tester, semi-automatic shock machine, digital display shock machine, microcomputer control impact test Machine, drop hammer impact testing machine and nonmetallic shock machine etc., often detect the intensity of construction material in building, but examine Survey mode is complicated, low efficiency, while while impacting release is interfered by resistance, influences the precision of test, use is very inconvenient.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to overcome the existing defects, provides a kind of dropping hammer for construction material detection Shock machine, structure is simple, and regulation and control is convenient, can quickly carry out the impact strength detection of construction material, by Interfere small, measuring accuracy is high, can effectively solve the problems in background technique.
To achieve the above object, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a kind of drop impact for construction material detection Testing machine, including pedestal, the upper surface of the pedestal are equipped with the first electric telescopic rod of vertical direction, first electric expansion The upper surface of bar is fixed with horizontal test bench, and the left end of the pedestal is fixed with the side frame of vertical direction, a left side for the side frame Side is equipped with control switch, and the input terminal of the control switch is electrically connected with the output end of external power supply, the right side of the side frame Side is fixed with housing by cantilever, and the second electric telescopic rod of vertical direction is equipped in the mounting hole of the housing upper surface, The telescopic arm lower end surface of second electric telescopic rod is fixed with slide, and the lower surface of the slide is equipped with electromagnet, described Housing inner cavity on the downside of electromagnet is equipped with gravity block, and the right side of the housing is equipped with the slit of vertical direction, the slit The relatively fixed slot plate of outer ledge, the interior third electric telescopic rod for being equipped with horizontal direction of the frid, the right side of the frid Face is fixed with linear motor, and the mover seat of the linear motor and the right end of third electric telescopic rod are fixedly linked, the control The output end of switch respectively with the first electric telescopic rod, the second electric telescopic rod, electromagnet, third electric telescopic rod and straight-line electric The input terminal of machine is electrically connected.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the relatively fixed clamping plate for having " L " type in the upper surface of the test bench, Screw is tightened equipped with vertical direction in the threaded hole of the clamping plate horizontal component.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the gravity block includes gravity block, the lower surface of the gravity block It is fixed with plectane, the lower surface of the plectane is fixed with measuring head, and the diameter of the plectane is less than iron block.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the front and back side of the third electric telescopic rod is respectively and fixedly provided with sliding block, The sliding block is stuck in the sliding slot of frid vertical direction.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the upper surface of the third electric telescopic rod is fixed with stop rod, Slide right side position corresponding with stop rod is equipped with limit plate.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are: this is used for the drop hammer impact testing machine that construction material detects, Structure is simple, is impacted by the freely falling body of gravity block to construction material, and gravity block is located in housing, by electromagnet into Row release, the resistance that when release is subject to is smaller, while release altitude is controlled by the second electric telescopic rod, impact dynamics standard It is really controllable, it ensure that the accuracy of detection data, realize that the rising of gravity block resets by linear motor, be not required to artificial assistance, The labor intensity of testing staff is reduced, it is easy to operate, facilitate the shock resistance detection for carrying out construction material.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is schematic structural view of the invention.
In figure: 1 pedestal, 2 first electric telescopic rods, 3 test benches, 301 clamping plates, 302 lock screws, 4 side frames, 5 controls are opened Pass, 6 cantilevers, 7 housings, 8 second electric telescopic rods, 9 gravity blocks, 901 iron blocks, 902 plectanes, 903 measuring heads, 10 slides, 11 electricity Magnet, 12 frids, 13 third electric telescopic rods, 14 linear motors, 15 sliding blocks, 16 sliding slots, 17 stop rods, 18 limit plates.
Specific embodiment
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to Fig. 1, the present invention provides a kind of technical solution: a kind of falling weight impact test for construction material detection Machine, including pedestal 1, the upper surface of pedestal 1 are equipped with the first electric telescopic rod 2 of vertical direction, the upper end of the first electric telescopic rod 2 Face is fixed with horizontal test bench 3, the relatively fixed clamping plate 301 for having " L " type in the upper surface of test bench 3,301 horizontal component of clamping plate Threaded hole in equipped with vertical direction tighten screw 302, the left end of pedestal 1 is fixed with the side frame 4 of vertical direction, side frame 4 Left side is equipped with control switch 5, and the input terminal of control switch 5 is electrically connected with the output end of external power supply, the right side of side frame 4 Housing 7 is fixed with by cantilever 6, is equipped with the second electric telescopic rod 8 of vertical direction in the mounting hole of 7 upper surface of housing, second The telescopic arm lower end surface of electric telescopic rod 8 is fixed with slide 10, and the lower surface of slide 10 is equipped with electromagnet 11, under electromagnet 11 7 inner cavity of housing of side is equipped with gravity block 9, and gravity block 9 includes gravity block 901, and the lower surface of gravity block 901 is fixed with plectane 902, The lower surface of plectane 902 is fixed with measuring head 903, and the diameter of plectane 902 is less than iron block 901, and it is vertical that the right side of housing 7 is equipped with The slit in direction, the relatively fixed slot plate 12 of the outer ledge of slit, the interior third electric expansion for being equipped with horizontal direction of frid 12 Bar 13, the front and back side of third electric telescopic rod 13 are respectively and fixedly provided with sliding block 15, and sliding block 15 is stuck in the sliding slot 16 of 12 vertical direction of frid Interior, the upper surface of third electric telescopic rod 13 is fixed with stop rod 17, and 10 right side of slide position corresponding with stop rod 17 is set There is limit plate 18, the right side of frid 12 is fixed with linear motor 14, the mover seat and third electric telescopic rod of linear motor 14 13 right end is fixedly linked, the output end of control switch 5 respectively with the first electric telescopic rod 2, the second electric telescopic rod 8, electromagnetism The input terminal of iron 11, third electric telescopic rod 13 and linear motor 14 is electrically connected, and control switch 5 is equipped with and the first electric expansion Bar 2, the second electric telescopic rod 8, electromagnet 11, third electric telescopic rod 13 and the one-to-one button of linear motor 14, this use In the drop hammer impact testing machine of construction material detection, structure is simple, is rushed by the freely falling body of gravity block 9 to construction material It hits, gravity block 9 is located in housing 7, is discharged by electromagnet 11, and the resistance that when release is subject to is smaller, while release altitude It is controlled by the second electric telescopic rod 8, impact dynamics is accurately controllable, ensure that the accuracy of detection data, passes through straight line Motor 14 realizes that the rising of gravity block 9 resets, and is not required to artificial assistance, reduces the labor intensity of testing staff, easy to operate, side Just the shock resistance detection of construction material is carried out.
When in use: construction material is fixed on 3 upper surface of test bench, is fixed by lock screw 302, control the One electric telescopic rod 2 rises test bench 3, so that the lower end in contact of the upper surface of construction material and housing 7, control second is electronic Telescopic rod 8 makes slide 10 be in suitable height, generates suitable impact strength, and closing electromagnet 11 discharges gravity block 9, surveys It tries head 903 and impacts construction material, when reset, third electric telescopic rod 13 works, and telescopic arm passes through the slit of housing 7, straight line The work of motor 14 drives third electric telescopic rod 13 to rise along the vertical direction, and the telescopic arm of third electric telescopic rod 13 blocks iron block 901 downside lifts 9 entirety of gravity block, until 17 upper end of stop rod is contacted with limit plate 18, the work absorption weight of electromagnet 11 The telescopic arm of power block 9, third electric telescopic rod 13 exits, and continues the test of other intensity.
The configuration of the present invention is simple, regulation and control is convenient, can quickly carry out the impact strength detection of construction material, lead to Freely falling body release gravity block 9 is crossed, is interfered small, measuring accuracy is high, improves detection efficiency.
It although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, for the ordinary skill in the art, can be with A variety of variations, modification, replacement can be carried out to these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention by understanding And modification, the scope of the present invention is defined by the appended.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of drop hammer impact testing machine for construction material detection, including pedestal (1), it is characterised in that: the pedestal (1) Upper surface be equipped with vertical direction the first electric telescopic rod (2), the upper surface of first electric telescopic rod (2) is fixed with water Flat test bench (3), the left end of the pedestal (1) are fixed with the side frame (4) of vertical direction, the left side peace of the side frame (4) Equipped with control switch (5), the input terminal of the control switch (5) is electrically connected with the output end of external power supply, the side frame (4) Right side is fixed with housing (7) by cantilever (6), and the second of vertical direction is equipped in the mounting hole of housing (7) upper surface The telescopic arm lower end surface of electric telescopic rod (8), second electric telescopic rod (8) is fixed with slide (10), the slide (10) Lower surface be equipped with electromagnet (11), housing (7) inner cavity on the downside of the electromagnet (11) be equipped with gravity block (9), the cover The right side of shell (7) is equipped with the slit of vertical direction, and the outer ledge of the slit is relatively fixed slot plate (12), the frid (12) the third electric telescopic rod (13) of horizontal direction is equipped in, the right side of the frid (12) is fixed with linear motor (14), the mover seat of the linear motor (14) and the right end of third electric telescopic rod (13) are fixedly linked, the control switch (5) output end respectively with the first electric telescopic rod (2), the second electric telescopic rod (8), electromagnet (11), third electric expansion The electrical connection of the input terminal of bar (13) and linear motor (14).
2. a kind of drop hammer impact testing machine for construction material detection according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described The relatively fixed clamping plate (301) for having " L " type in the upper surface of test bench (3) is set in the threaded hole of clamping plate (301) horizontal component Have vertical direction tightens screw (302).
3. a kind of drop hammer impact testing machine for construction material detection according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described Gravity block (9) includes gravity block (901), and the lower surface of the gravity block (901) is fixed with plectane (902), the plectane (902) Lower surface be fixed with measuring head (903), the diameter of the plectane (902) is less than iron block (901).
4. a kind of drop hammer impact testing machine for construction material detection according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described The front and back side of third electric telescopic rod (13) is respectively and fixedly provided with sliding block (15), and the sliding block (15) is stuck in frid (12) vertical direction In sliding slot (16).
5. a kind of drop hammer impact testing machine for construction material detection according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described The upper surface of third electric telescopic rod (13) is fixed with stop rod (17), and slide (10) right side is corresponding with stop rod (17) Position be equipped with limit plate (18).
CN201811208110.1A 2018-10-17 2018-10-17 A kind of drop hammer impact testing machine for construction material detection Pending CN109374447A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811208110.1A CN109374447A (en) 2018-10-17 2018-10-17 A kind of drop hammer impact testing machine for construction material detection

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811208110.1A CN109374447A (en) 2018-10-17 2018-10-17 A kind of drop hammer impact testing machine for construction material detection

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110487648A (en) * 2019-08-12 2019-11-22 佛山市思特四通化工有限公司 A kind of high-precision detection device and its application method for Ceramic Tiles quality
CN110672401A (en) * 2019-09-28 2020-01-10 深圳中物智建科技有限公司 Building site material detects door
CN110861333A (en) * 2019-10-08 2020-03-06 江西省得一康管业有限公司 Preparation method and detection equipment of MPVE corrugated pipe with high impact resistance characteristic
CN111207978A (en) * 2020-02-20 2020-05-29 温州大学 Real triaxial coarse particle soil sample of hand formula hits real device
CN115959531A (en) * 2023-03-17 2023-04-14 山东省国土测绘院 Water surveying and mapping device for surveying and mapping ocean engineering

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3138427A1 (en) * 1981-09-26 1983-05-26 Form + Test Seidner + Co GmbH, 7940 Riedlingen Device for lifting the drop weight of a soil-testing rig or the like
CN102621013A (en) * 2012-03-31 2012-08-01 中国矿业大学(北京) Dynamic performance testing system
CN102692353A (en) * 2012-05-04 2012-09-26 上海工程技术大学 Device for measuring impact transfer characteristic and image deformation of material and implementing method thereof
CN202928904U (en) * 2012-11-13 2013-05-08 深圳职业技术学院 Impact testing device for packaging buffering material
CN205506583U (en) * 2016-01-26 2016-08-24 南京安杨测控技术有限公司 Plastic material performance test appearance
KR20170033660A (en) * 2015-09-17 2017-03-27 강원대학교산학협력단 Falling impact tester
CN207114342U (en) * 2017-07-26 2018-03-16 核工业理化工程研究院 A kind of rubber Mechanics Performance Testing equipment
CN207396244U (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-05-22 孙力臣 For the drop hammer impact testing machine of construction material detection

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3138427A1 (en) * 1981-09-26 1983-05-26 Form + Test Seidner + Co GmbH, 7940 Riedlingen Device for lifting the drop weight of a soil-testing rig or the like
CN102621013A (en) * 2012-03-31 2012-08-01 中国矿业大学(北京) Dynamic performance testing system
CN102692353A (en) * 2012-05-04 2012-09-26 上海工程技术大学 Device for measuring impact transfer characteristic and image deformation of material and implementing method thereof
CN202928904U (en) * 2012-11-13 2013-05-08 深圳职业技术学院 Impact testing device for packaging buffering material
KR20170033660A (en) * 2015-09-17 2017-03-27 강원대학교산학협력단 Falling impact tester
CN205506583U (en) * 2016-01-26 2016-08-24 南京安杨测控技术有限公司 Plastic material performance test appearance
CN207114342U (en) * 2017-07-26 2018-03-16 核工业理化工程研究院 A kind of rubber Mechanics Performance Testing equipment
CN207396244U (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-05-22 孙力臣 For the drop hammer impact testing machine of construction material detection

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110487648A (en) * 2019-08-12 2019-11-22 佛山市思特四通化工有限公司 A kind of high-precision detection device and its application method for Ceramic Tiles quality
CN110487648B (en) * 2019-08-12 2022-03-01 佛山市德信致远陶瓷有限公司 High-precision detection equipment for ceramic tile quality and use method thereof
CN110672401A (en) * 2019-09-28 2020-01-10 深圳中物智建科技有限公司 Building site material detects door
CN110861333A (en) * 2019-10-08 2020-03-06 江西省得一康管业有限公司 Preparation method and detection equipment of MPVE corrugated pipe with high impact resistance characteristic
CN110861333B (en) * 2019-10-08 2021-09-14 江西省得一康管业有限公司 Preparation method and detection equipment of MPVE corrugated pipe with high impact resistance characteristic
CN111207978A (en) * 2020-02-20 2020-05-29 温州大学 Real triaxial coarse particle soil sample of hand formula hits real device
CN115959531A (en) * 2023-03-17 2023-04-14 山东省国土测绘院 Water surveying and mapping device for surveying and mapping ocean engineering

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Application publication date: 20190222