CN109331741A - A kind of integral type pelletizer - Google Patents

A kind of integral type pelletizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109331741A
CN109331741A CN201811476591.4A CN201811476591A CN109331741A CN 109331741 A CN109331741 A CN 109331741A CN 201811476591 A CN201811476591 A CN 201811476591A CN 109331741 A CN109331741 A CN 109331741A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
guide
partition
mixing chamber
chamber
drive shaft
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201811476591.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈光迎
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Weihai Tianyu New Material Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Weihai Tianyu New Material Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Weihai Tianyu New Material Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Weihai Tianyu New Material Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201811476591.4A priority Critical patent/CN109331741A/en
Publication of CN109331741A publication Critical patent/CN109331741A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J2/00Processes or devices for granulating materials, e.g. fertilisers in general; Rendering particulate materials free flowing in general, e.g. making them hydrophobic
    • B01J2/20Processes or devices for granulating materials, e.g. fertilisers in general; Rendering particulate materials free flowing in general, e.g. making them hydrophobic by expressing the material, e.g. through sieves and fragmenting the extruded length

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of integral type pelletizers.It solves the problems, such as that existing pelletizer mixing is non-uniform.It is successively arranged the first mixing chamber, the second mixing chamber, granulation chamber, discharging chamber and blow tank in casing internal from top to bottom respectively, passes sequentially through the isolation of the first, second, third, fourth partition between the first mixing chamber, the second mixing chamber, granulation chamber, discharging chamber and blow tank;The first stirring material guide device is equipped in drive shaft in the first mixing chamber, is equipped with the second stirring material guide device in drive shaft in the second mixing chamber;Squeezing through-hole is equipped on third partition;It is equipped in drive shaft in discharging chamber and scrapes cutting apparatus;4th partition is equipped with blanking port;Powder feed pipe is equipped on the end cap of cabinet top;The paddle material feed pipe being connected with the second mixing chamber is equipped in casing side.The present invention realizes that powder and slurry classification gradually mix, and is uniformly mixed, control is simple, and equipment cost is low.

Description

A kind of integral type pelletizer
Technical field
The present invention relates to the general device that material extruding is made to feed particles, especially a kind of integral type pelletizer.
Background technique
It is known that pelletizer is a kind of forming machine that can be manufactured material into specific shape, wet granulation will need The major ingredient and auxiliary material of granulation are added in blender in suitable ratio and formula, and powder material and bonding agent are in cylindrical vessel In by bottom mixing paddle after being sufficiently mixed at a high speed, at wet softwood, then by side high speed crush paddle be cut into uniformly Wet granular in wet granulation, need to carry out a variety of powders and slurry mixing and pass through to realize the purpose of granulation Granulating mechanism is granulated, and the mixing of a variety of powders of traditional equipment and slurry is be easy to cause between a variety of powders due to slurry It is sticky to cause its mixing uneven, finished product uneven components.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the problems, such as that existing pelletizer mixing is non-uniform, the purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of structurally reasonable, The uniform integral type pelletizer of mixing.
Technical solution used by the present invention solves the above problems is: a kind of integral type pelletizer a comprising casing, one Base, a driving motor and a drive shaft, the cabinet supports on base, the driving motor be mounted on base and Pass through driving assembly and the drive shaft driving coupling, it is characterised in that: the casing internal respectively from top to bottom according to It is secondary to be provided with the first mixing chamber, the second mixing chamber, be granulated chamber, discharging chamber and blow tank, first mixing chamber, the second mixing First partition, second partition, third partition and the 4th partition are passed sequentially through between chamber, granulation chamber, discharging chamber and blow tank Isolation;The drive shaft, which runs through, is arranged in the first mixing chamber, the second mixing chamber, the middle part for being granulated chamber and discharging chamber;Institute At least one first stirring material guide device is provided in the drive shaft in the first mixing chamber stated, in second mixing chamber At least one second stirring material guide device is provided in drive shaft;The first stirring material guide device and the second stirring material guide device It include stirring main paddle, stirring metaplasm, guide rod, driving gear and driven gear, the main paddle sub-material of the stirring to be set in drive On moving axis, the driving gear is nonrotationally connected on the driving shaft, and the guide rod eccentric rotary is supported on the outer of drive shaft Side and driven gear is nonrotationally connected, the driving gear is engaged with driven gear, and the stirring metaplasm is arranged described Guide rod top, the guide helical blade is arranged in the lower part of guide rod, the guide helical blade respectively correspond from The material through hole that goes out in first partition and second partition passes through;Several squeezing through-holes are provided on the third partition;Institute It is provided in the drive shaft in discharging chamber stated and scrapes cutting apparatus;The side of 4th partition is provided with to be connected to blow tank Blanking port;It is provided with end cap at the top of the casing, an at least powder feed pipe and described is equipped on the end cap Powder feed pipe be connected with the first mixing chamber;The casing side of corresponding second mixing chamber is provided with the charging of an at least paddle material Pipe, the slurry feed pipe are connected with the second mixing chamber.
Further, the guide of the guide helical blade of the first stirring material guide device and the second stirring material guide device The hand of spiral of helical blade is opposite.
Further, the cutting apparatus of scraping includes upper blade and lower coating blade, and the upper blade and lower coating blade are pacified respectively In the drive shaft in discharging chamber, the upper blade is bonded with the lower end surface of third partition, the lower coating blade and the 4th The upper surface of partition is bonded;
Further, the driving assembly includes the drive bevel gear being meshed and driven wheel of differential, the active conical tooth Wheel is nonrotationally connected on the output shaft of the driving motor, and the driven wheel of differential is nonrotationally connected to the driving On axis.
Further, it is fixedly installed sub-material set respectively in the material through hole lower end that goes out of corresponding first partition, second partition, Sub-material through slot is offered on the body of the sub-material set, one end of the guide rod is rotatably supported in respectively in sub-material set, There is fixed disk by bearing rotational support in the drive shaft, the other end of the guide rod is rotatably supported in the fixation On disk.
The first mixing chamber that the present invention is respectively equipped in casing, the second mixing chamber realize powder and slurry classification gradually Mixing, effective guarantee powder carry out slurry mixing after being sufficiently mixed again, are uniformly mixed.It the stepped mixing of powder and slurry and leads Material is driven using unified driving axis, and control is simple, and equipment cost is low.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 is partial enlarged view at A in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is partial enlarged view at B in Fig. 1.
Marked in the figure: 1. casings, 11. first mixing chambers, 12. second mixing chambers, 121. paddle material feed pipes, 13. are granulated chamber, 14. discharging chamber, 15. blow tanks, 16. end caps, 161. powder feed pipes, 2. drive shafts, 31. first partitions, 311. first dischargings Through-hole, 32. second partitions, 321. second go out material through hole, and 33. third partitions, 331. squeezing through-holes, 34. the 4th partitions, 341. fall Material mouth, 41. first stirring material guide devices, the 411. main paddles of stirring, 412. stirring metaplasms, 413. guide rods, 414. driving gears, 415. Driven gear, 416. first guide helical blades, 417. sub-material sets, 4171. sub-material through slots, 418. fixed disks, 42. second stirrings Material guide device, 421. second guide helical blades, 5. bases, 6. scrape cutting apparatus, 61. upper blades, 62. lower coating blades, 7. driving electricity Machine, 8. driving assemblies, 81. drive bevel gears, 82. driven wheel of differential.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawing and by embodiment, and following embodiment is to this hair Bright explanation and the invention is not limited to following embodiments.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of integral type pelletizer comprising a casing 1, a base 5, a driving motor 7 and a driving Axis 2.In Fig. 1, casing 1 is supported on base 5, and driving motor 7 is mounted on base 5, and driving motor 7 passes through driving group Part 8 and 2 driving coupling of drive shaft.
It should be noted that driving assembly 8 includes the drive bevel gear 81 being meshed and driven wheel of differential 82, active conical tooth On the output shaft of driving motor 7, driven wheel of differential 82 is keyed on driving shaft 2 81 key connection of wheel.Driving motor 7 is by nibbling The drive bevel gear 81 and 82 variable speed drives drive shaft 2 of driven wheel of differential of conjunction rotate.
In Fig. 1, it is disposed with the first mixing chamber 11 from top to bottom respectively inside casing 1, the second mixing chamber 12, makes Grain chamber 13, discharging chamber 14 and blow tank 15.Its first mixing chamber 11, the second mixing chamber 12 are granulated chamber 13, discharging chamber 14 and go out First partition 31, second partition 32, third partition 33 and the isolation of the 4th partition 34 are passed sequentially through between hopper 15.
As shown in Figure 1, drive shaft 2 is through setting in the first mixing chamber 11, the second mixing chamber 12, granulation chamber 13 and discharging The middle part of chamber 14.Wherein, one end of drive shaft 2 is rotatably supported on base 9 by bearing, and the other end of drive shaft 2 passes through axis Hold the top for being rotatably supported in casing 1.
As shown in Figure 1, being provided with two first stirring material guide devices 41 in the drive shaft 2 in the first mixing chamber 11.
As shown in Figure 1, being provided with two second stirring material guide devices 42 in the drive shaft 2 in the second mixing chamber 12.
As shown in Fig. 2, the first stirring material guide device 41 includes stirring main paddle 411, stirring metaplasm 412, guide rod 413, master Moving gear 414 and driven gear 415.In Fig. 2, stirs main paddle 411 and fixed on driving shaft 2 using connector sleeve, driving tooth On driving shaft 2,413 eccentric rotary of guide rod is supported on the outside of drive shaft 2 and key connection has driven gear for 414 key connection of wheel 415, driving gear 414 is engaged with driven gear 415.Stirring metaplasm 412 is welded on the top of guide rod 413, under guide rod 413 Portion is welded with the first guide helical blade 416, and the first guide helical blade 416 is corresponding logical from the first discharging in first partition 31 Hole 311 passes through.Drive shaft 2, which drives, stirs the main rotation of paddle 411, and passes through driving gear 414 and 415 drive leader of driven gear 413 rotations, guide rod 413 drive stirring metaplasm 412 and the rotation of the first guide helical blade 416.
It should be further noted that component used by the second stirring material guide device 42 and the first stirring material guide device 41 Used component is identical, this is seldom stated.Unlike as shown in figure 3, the second guide spiral of the second stirring material guide device 42 Blade 421 is opposite with the first stirring hand of spiral of the first guide helical blade 416 of material guide device 41.Second stirring guide dress 42 the second guide helical blade 421 is set corresponding to go out material through hole 321 from second on second partition 32 and pass through.
In Fig. 3, several squeezing through-holes 331 are provided on third partition 33.Mixed material passes through squeezing through-hole 331 Stock column is formed, and stock column is exported.
In Fig. 1, Fig. 3, it is provided in the drive shaft 2 in discharging chamber 14 and scrapes cutting apparatus 6.It scrapes cutting apparatus 6 and will squeeze and lead to The stock column that hole 331 exports is cut into particle.
It should be further noted that as shown in figure 3, in the present embodiment, scraping cutting apparatus 6 includes that upper blade 61 is scraped under Knife 62.In Fig. 3, upper blade 61 and lower coating blade 62 are separately mounted in the drive shaft 2 in discharging chamber 14.Wherein, upper blade 61 It is bonded with the lower end surface of third partition 33, lower coating blade 62 is bonded with the upper surface of the 4th partition 34.
In Fig. 1, Fig. 3, the blanking port 341 being connected to blow tank 15 is provided in the side of the 4th partition 34.Particle is certainly Blanking port 341 is unloaded to blow tank 15.
In Fig. 1, the top of casing 1 is provided with end cap 16, two powder feed pipes 161 are equipped on end cap 16, and Powder feed pipe 161 is connected with the first mixing chamber 11.Powder is added into the first mixing chamber 11 from powder feed pipe 161.
1 side of casing of corresponding second mixing chamber 12 is provided with two paddle material feed pipes 121, slurry feed pipe in the figure 121 are connected with the second mixing chamber 12.Slurry is added into the second mixing chamber 12 from slurry feed pipe 121.
In order to discharge uniformly, it is respectively fixedly connected with as shown in Fig. 2, going out 311 lower end of material through hole the first of first partition 31 There is sub-material to cover 417, sub-material through slot 4171 is offered on the body of sub-material set 417, one end of guide rod 413 rotates branch by bearing Support has fixed disk 418 by bearing rotational support on driving shaft 2, the other end of guide rod 413 passes through axis in sub-material set 417 It holds and is rotatably supported in fixed disk 418.Then guide rod 413 is under the driving of driven gear 415 in fixed disk 418 and sub-material set 417 Between rotate.
It should be further noted that as shown in figure 3, second partition 32 second go out 321 lower end of material through hole it is equally solid Surely be provided with sub-material set, sub-material set and first go out 311 lower end of material through hole sub-material cover 417 structure it is identical, and it is corresponding The rotation connection of guide rod is also identical as guide rod 413 with sub-material set 417, this is seldom stated.
The working principle of the invention is: powder is entered in the first mixing chamber 11 by powder feed pipe 161, starting driving electricity Machine 7 drives drive shaft 2 to rotate forward by driving assembly 8, anti-by driving gear 414,45 drive leader 413 of driven gear To rotation, the 416 guide direction of the first guide helical blade on guide rod 413 is upward, then by stirring main paddle 411, stirring metaplasm 412 rotation is so that powder is mixed;After the completion of powder mixing, driving drive shaft 2 is rotated backward, then on guide rod 413 First guide helical blade, 416 guide direction is downward, powder is imported the second mixing chamber 12, then the guide in the second mixing chamber 12 On 421 guide direction of the second guide helical blade it is upward, synchronize at this time have stepped through slurry feed pipe 121 be added slurry carry out Stirring, then powder is mixed with slurry;Powder base in the mixing and the first mixing chamber 11 for completing slurry and powder This export, then drive shaft 2 is driven to rotate forward, mixed slurry and powder pass through the second guide spiral in the second mixing chamber 12 Blade 421, which is directed at, is granulated chamber 13, and molding is passed in and out in squeezing through-hole 331, scrape by upper blade 61 and is cut into graininess type, is led to It crosses lower coating blade 62 and the particle of cutting scraped into collection imports blanking port 341 and be discharged to blow tank 15 and discharge, then carry out subsequent drying Technique.
Above content is only illustrations made for the present invention described in this specification.Technology belonging to the present invention The technical staff in field can make various modifications or additions to the described embodiments or by a similar method Substitution, content without departing from description of the invention or beyond the scope defined by this claim should belong to this The protection scope of invention.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of integral type pelletizer comprising a casing, a base, a driving motor and a drive shaft, the casing branch On base, the driving motor is mounted on base and passes through driving assembly and the drive shaft driving coupling for support, Be characterized in that: the casing internal be disposed with from top to bottom respectively the first mixing chamber, the second mixing chamber, be granulated chamber, Discharging chamber and blow tank, first mixing chamber, the second mixing chamber are granulated between chamber, discharging chamber and blow tank and successively lead to Cross first partition, second partition, third partition and the isolation of the 4th partition;The drive shaft is through setting in the first mixing Chamber, the second mixing chamber, the middle part for being granulated chamber and discharging chamber;It is provided at least in the drive shaft in first mixing chamber One first stirring material guide device is provided at least one second stirring guide dress in the drive shaft in second mixing chamber It sets;The first stirring material guide device and the second stirring material guide device includes stirring main paddle, stirring metaplasm, guide rod, active Gear and driven gear, the main paddle sub-material of the stirring are arranged on the driving shaft, and the driving gear is nonrotationally connected to In drive shaft, the guide rod eccentric rotary is supported on the outside of drive shaft and nonrotationally connects driven gear, the active Gear is engaged with driven gear, and the top of the guide rod is arranged in the stirring metaplasm, and the guide helical blade is set It sets in the lower part of guide rod, the guide helical blade is respectively corresponded to be worn from the material through hole that goes out in first partition and second partition It crosses;Several squeezing through-holes are provided on the third partition;It is provided with to scrape in the drive shaft in the discharging chamber and cut Device;The side of 4th partition is provided with the blanking port being connected to blow tank;It is provided at the top of the casing End cap is equipped with an at least powder feed pipe on the end cap and the powder feed pipe is connected with the first mixing chamber; The casing side of corresponding second mixing chamber is provided with an at least paddle material feed pipe, the slurry feed pipe and the second mixing chamber It is connected.
2. a kind of integral type pelletizer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the first stirring material guide device Guide helical blade is opposite with the second stirring hand of spiral of guide helical blade of material guide device.
3. a kind of integral type pelletizer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the cutting apparatus of scraping includes upper blade And lower coating blade, the upper blade and lower coating blade are separately mounted in the drive shaft in discharging chamber, the upper blade and third The lower end surface of partition is bonded, and the lower coating blade is bonded with the upper surface of the 4th partition.
4. a kind of integral type pelletizer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the driving assembly includes being meshed Drive bevel gear and driven wheel of differential, the drive bevel gear be nonrotationally connected to the output shaft of the driving motor On, the driven wheel of differential is nonrotationally connected in the drive shaft.
5. a kind of integral type pelletizer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: corresponding first partition, second every The material through hole lower end that goes out of plate is fixedly installed sub-material set respectively, offers sub-material through slot on the body of the sub-material set, described Guide rod one end be rotatably supported in respectively sub-material set in, have fixed disk by bearing rotational support in the drive shaft, The other end of the guide rod is rotatably supported in the fixed disk.
CN201811476591.4A 2018-12-05 2018-12-05 A kind of integral type pelletizer Pending CN109331741A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811476591.4A CN109331741A (en) 2018-12-05 2018-12-05 A kind of integral type pelletizer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811476591.4A CN109331741A (en) 2018-12-05 2018-12-05 A kind of integral type pelletizer

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109331741A true CN109331741A (en) 2019-02-15

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ID=65320372

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201811476591.4A Pending CN109331741A (en) 2018-12-05 2018-12-05 A kind of integral type pelletizer

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN109331741A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110649221A (en) * 2019-09-29 2020-01-03 钱车华 Processing method of lithium battery pole piece

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110649221A (en) * 2019-09-29 2020-01-03 钱车华 Processing method of lithium battery pole piece
CN110649221B (en) * 2019-09-29 2021-09-28 周福满 Processing method of lithium battery pole piece

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