CN109185941A - Axial pump drainage and the separation integrated range hood of oil smoke - Google Patents

Axial pump drainage and the separation integrated range hood of oil smoke Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109185941A
CN109185941A CN201811230537.1A CN201811230537A CN109185941A CN 109185941 A CN109185941 A CN 109185941A CN 201811230537 A CN201811230537 A CN 201811230537A CN 109185941 A CN109185941 A CN 109185941A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
smoke
annular impeller
oil
range hood
pump drainage
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Pending
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CN201811230537.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
尤学
尤学一
赵冬芳
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Tianjin University
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Tianjin University
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Priority to CN201811230537.1A priority Critical patent/CN109185941A/en
Publication of CN109185941A publication Critical patent/CN109185941A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24CDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES ; DETAILS OF DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F24C15/00Details
    • F24C15/20Removing cooking fumes

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Combustion & Propulsion (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Separating Particles In Gases By Inertia (AREA)
  • Ventilation (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of axial pump drainage and the separation integrated range hoods of oil smoke, the range hood includes outer tube wall (1), oil trap (2) and motor (5), the outer tube wall (1) and oil trap (2) coaxial arrangement and the hollow shaft (3) with perforation, oil trap (2) are placed in smoke machine bottom by firmware (6);An annular impeller (4) is also set up in the hollow shaft (3) to be connected with the motor (5) being placed in hollow shaft (3), the annular impeller (4) is made of the circular cover (42) of the arc shaped blade (41) and top that are circular layout, and the annular impeller center is hollow shaft;The motor (5) drives arc shaped blade (41) rotation by machine shaft (51) connection circular cover (42), and annular impeller quickly rotates, and forms centrifugal action and carries out pump drainage cigarette.Compared with prior art, the present invention has many advantages, such as that flue gas suction force is strong, total pressure efficiency is high, structure is simple simultaneously and dismantles, cleans, is easy for installation.

Description

Axial pump drainage and the separation integrated range hood of oil smoke
Technical field
The present invention relates to range hood, especially a kind of integrated smoke exhaust with oil smoke separation function.
Background technique
Cooking fume contains a variety of toxic chemicals, generates greatly harm to human health.To improve kitchen environment, inhale Kitchen ventilator becomes one of the household electrical appliance of kitchen indispensability.
China's range hood is based on exhausting type at present, and core component is motor and blower, and wherein blower is mostly centrifugal. The problems such as to avoid excessive greasy dirt from entering blower interior, bringing cleaning difficult, is often arranged in range hood entrance or fans entrance The filter devices such as oil network, such as disclose application No. is 201710210035.1 Chinese patent " oil smoke separate transposition, kitchen ventilator and Oil smoke separation method ", by the oil smoke of suction after isolation of purified, enter back into range hood or blower.
Though above-mentioned this exhausting type range hood has many advantages, such as that suction is strong, easy for installation, with using the time Increasing, greasy dirt often occurs and blocks lampblack filter, and not easy cleaning, also will cause the decline of range hood efficiency, energy consumption increases, Therefore externally discharge type cooking fume exhauster is urgently further improved and perfect.
For circulation range hood, such as application No. is " circulating oil disclosed in 201310328117.8 Chinese patents Cigarette clearing machine ", mechanical grease separator is set and medium Smoke processor carries out grease separation, and using absorption, washing The chemical reagent such as liquid absorb and the circulation range hood of purifying oil fume.
Above-mentioned this circulation range hood have many advantages, such as it is simple and beautiful, but because its component complexity, there are installation spaces It is limited, and with the risk of the chemical reagent leakage pollution kitchen environment such as absorption, cleaning solution, it is cooked particularly with exhaust gas volumn is biggish It prepares food under environment, timely and effectively dispels oil smoke and be more difficult to guarantee.
Summary of the invention
The invention proposes a kind of axial pump drainage and the separation integrated range hood of oil smoke and method, utilization are atwirl Annular impeller design realizes the interception of greasy dirt particle and is centrifuged dual trapping function.
A kind of axial pump drainage and the separation integrated range hood of oil smoke of the invention, which includes outer tube wall 1, collection Oil groove 2 and motor 5, the outer tube wall 1 and the coaxial arrangement of oil trap 2 and the hollow shaft 3 with a perforation, oil trap 2 passes through solid Part 6 is placed in smoke machine bottom;It also sets up an annular impeller 4 in the hollow shaft 3 to be connected with the motor 5 being placed in hollow shaft 3, institute It states annular impeller 4 to be made of the circular cover 42 of the arc shaped blade 41 and top that are circular layout, the annular impeller center is sky Mandrel;The motor 5 connects circular cover 42 by machine shaft 51, and arc shaped blade 41 is driven to rotate, and annular impeller quickly revolves Turn, forms centrifugal action and carry out pump drainage cigarette.
There is certain interval, to collect the flue gas being thrown out of between 4 outer rim of annular impeller and outer tube wall 1.
The outer tube wall 1 generally circular tube shaped, bottom are one section of reducer pipe 11 and pass through reducer pipe 11 and the oil trap 2 Connection;
The outer tube wall 1 is for dredging flow of flue gas and greasy dirt granule capturing, when the greasy dirt particle of trapping adheres to outer tube wall 1 Behind inside, under the effect of gravity, greasy dirt particle is slid along wall surface to reducer pipe 11, and is collected along inner wall surface thereof to oil trap 2.
The reducer pipe 11 is located at gas inlet end, the greasy dirt slid as aggregation by barrel trapping.
The arc shaped blade 41 extends to circular cover 42 from reducer pipe 11, for promoting flue gas static pressure, so that flue gas stream It is axially moved,
The annular impeller 4 extends to exhanst gas outlet, to make flue gas rotational flow.
A kind of axial pump drainage and the separation integrated fume-exhausting method of oil smoke of the invention, method includes the following steps:
Step 1, motor 5 drive the annular impeller 4 being coaxially coupled to rotate while operating;
Step 2, annular impeller 4 rotational agitation make to form vortex negative pressure inside smoke machine, oil smoke by smoke machine bottom flue gas into Mouth enters inside smoke machine, and forms rapid increase air-flow, continues drawing smoke;
Step 3, when oil smoke runoff passes through high-speed rotating 4 region of annular impeller, greasy dirt particle because of inertia masterpiece, with quilt Arc shaped blade 41 intercepts, greasy dirt particle be adhered to blade surface be accumulate to it is a certain amount of after, can due to gravity along blade surface Flow into oil trap 2;
After step 4 passes through 4 region of annular impeller, the flue gas to make rotating motion enters inside smoke machine, close because of greasy dirt particle Degree is bigger than smoke density, inside smoke machine after high speed rotary motion, is thrown to 1 inner surface of outer tube wall by powerful centrifugal force, With the extension of runing time, after being adhered to the greasy dirt particle aggregation of 1 inner surface of outer tube wall to a certain extent, by gravity And it slides to oil trap 2.
Compared with prior art, axial pump drainage of the invention has simultaneously with the separation integrated range hood of oil smoke and method The advantages that flue gas suction force is strong, total pressure efficiency is high, structure is simple and dismantles, cleans, is easy for installation.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is axial pump drainage and the separation integrated range hood front view of oil smoke of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is axial pump drainage and the separation integrated range hood top view of oil smoke of the invention;
Fig. 4 is the top view of oil trap;
Fig. 5 is blade construction schematic diagram (vertically or with inclination angle).
Appended drawing reference:
1, outer tube wall, 11, reducer pipe, 2, oil trap, 3, hollow shaft, 4, annular impeller, 41, arc shaped blade, 42, circular lid Plate, 5, motor, 51, machine shaft, 6, firmware.
Specific embodiment
Technical solution of the present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with example.
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, axial pump drainage of the invention and the separation integrated range hood of oil smoke mainly by outer tube wall 1, The components such as reducer pipe 11, oil trap 2, hollow shaft 3, annular impeller 4, circular cover 42, motor 5, firmware 6 composition, annular impeller 4 It is made of the circular cover 42 of the arc shaped blade 41 and top that are circular layout.Motor 5 is placed in hollow shaft 3, passes through machine shaft 51 connection 42 impeller of circular cover rotations.Oil trap 2 is placed in the bottom end of the variable diameter pipeline section 11 of annular impeller 4 and outer tube wall 1, Disassembling cleaning.Wherein,
The outer tube wall 1 is one section of change for dredging flow of flue gas and greasy dirt granule capturing, generally circular tube shaped, bottom Diameter pipe 11, behind greasy dirt particle attachment 1 inside of outer tube wall of trapping, under the effect of gravity, greasy dirt particle is slid along wall surface to change Diameter pipe 11, and collect along inner wall surface thereof to oil trap 2;
The annular impeller 4 is to be made of arc shaped blade 41 around central axis annular arrangement, and pass through blade upper end circle Cover board 42 is connected with machine shaft 51, drives annular impeller 4 to rotate by machine shaft 51 when motor 1 rotates, flue gas is then in leaf Enter inside smoke machine under the suction function that wheel rotation is formed, the biggish greasy dirt particle of partial size is because effect of inertia is by atwirl arc Shape blade 41 intercepts, and is attached to blade surface and slides due to gravity along blade surface to oil trap 2;
The motor 5 is placed in inside hollow shaft 3, is not contacted directly with the flue gas for entering smoke machine, to reduce flue gas to electricity The damage of machine;
The oil trap 2 is placed in smoke machine bottom, easy to disassemble and cleaning by firmware 6.
The course of work of the present apparatus is:
(1) the axial suction and the separation integrated range hood of oil smoke are exhausting type range hood, pass through annular impeller Quickly rotation forms centrifugal action and carries out pump drainage cigarette.The hollow formation negative pressure inlet chamber of annular impeller, the negative pressure inlet chamber Open at one end to be used as gas inlet, for the entrance of cooking fume stream, the negative pressure inlet chamber other end is circular cover, for fixing Arc shaped blade simultaneously connects machine shaft;The annular impeller, including the arc shaped blade being circular layout and for the circle of fixed blade Shape cover board;There is certain interval, to collect the flue gas thrown away by impeller between the annular impeller outer rim and outer tube wall.
(2) outer tube wall extends to smoke outlet, including reducer, impeller section and ring segment by gas inlet end, The reducer is located at gas inlet end, and as the greasy dirt that aggregation is slid by barrel trapping, the impeller section prolongs from reducer Circular cover is extended to, for promoting flue gas static pressure, so that flue gas stream is axially moved, the ring segment connect and extends with impeller section To exhanst gas outlet, the ring segment center is hollow shaft, thus make flue gas rotational flow, the hollow shaft built-in motor.
The axial suction and the separation integrated range hood of oil smoke are exhausting type range hood, pass through the annular leaf of rotation Wheel and outer tube wall carry out greasy dirt granule capturing.Smoke particle object in flue gas enters smoke machine with flow of flue gas, because of gas phase and greasy dirt There are density contrasts for particle, and when smoke particle passes through impeller, biggish inertia force blocks it by high-speed rotating annular impeller It cuts, and is attached to blade surface, deposited in blade bottom end oil trap under the effect of gravity.And the relatively small greasy dirt of partial size Grain then passes through impeller region and enters inside smoke machine, being acted on by rotating centrifugal will with the big partial size greasy dirt particle not being intercepted on a small quantity Greasy dirt particle is got rid of to outer tube wall, is attached to outer cylinder wall surface, and is deposited under the effect of gravity along barrel to oil trap.It is blocked above It cuts, centrifugation, realizes smoke particle purification.
The scope of application of the invention is commercial or home kitchen kitchen, is 1~10 μm of greasy dirt particle mainly for partial size, Applied to the lampblack purifying system prefiltration stage.
The foregoing is merely the schematic description of the specific embodiment of the invention, rather than it is restrictive, do not departing from this Inventive principle, and the improvements and modifications made in prior art basis are conceived according to the present invention, it all should be by claims In identified protection scope.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of axial direction pump drainage and the separation integrated range hood of oil smoke, which includes outer tube wall (1), oil trap (2) With motor (5), which is characterized in that the outer tube wall (1) and oil trap (2) coaxial arrangement and the hollow shaft (3) with perforation, collection Oil groove (2) is placed in smoke machine bottom by firmware (6);It is characterized in that, also setting up an annular impeller (4) in the hollow shaft (3) It is connected with the motor (5) being placed in hollow shaft (3), the annular impeller (4) is by the arc shaped blade (41) being circular layout and top The circular cover (42) at end is constituted, and the annular impeller center is hollow shaft;The motor (5) is connected by machine shaft (51) Circular cover (42) drives arc shaped blade (41) rotation, and annular impeller quickly rotates, and forms centrifugal action and carries out pump drainage cigarette.
2. a kind of axial pump drainage as described in claim 1 and the separation integrated range hood of oil smoke, which is characterized in that described There is certain interval, to collect the flue gas being thrown out of between annular impeller (4) outer rim and outer tube wall (1).
3. a kind of axial pump drainage as described in claim 1 and the separation integrated range hood of oil smoke, which is characterized in that described outer Barrel (1) generally circular tube shaped, bottom are one section of reducer pipe (11) and are connect by reducer pipe (11) with the oil trap (2); The outer tube wall (1) is for dredging flow of flue gas and greasy dirt granule capturing, on the inside of greasy dirt particle attachment outer tube wall (1) of trapping Afterwards, under the effect of gravity, greasy dirt particle slides along wall surface to reducer pipe (11), and collects along inner wall surface thereof to oil trap (2).
4. a kind of axial pump drainage as claimed in claim 3 and the separation integrated range hood of oil smoke, which is characterized in that the change Diameter pipe (11) is located at gas inlet end, the greasy dirt slid as aggregation by barrel trapping.
5. a kind of axial pump drainage and the separation integrated range hood of oil smoke as described in claim 3 or 4, which is characterized in that institute It states arc shaped blade (41) and extends to circular cover (42) from reducer pipe 11, for promoting flue gas static pressure, so that flue gas stream is axially transported It is dynamic.
6. a kind of axial pump drainage as described in claim 1 or 4 and the separation integrated range hood of oil smoke, the annular impeller (4) exhanst gas outlet is extended to, to make flue gas rotational flow.
7. a kind of fume-exhausting method of axial direction pump drainage and the separation integrated range hood of oil smoke, which is characterized in that this method includes Following steps:
Annular impeller (4) rotation being coaxially coupled is driven while step (1), motor (5) operating;
Step (2), annular impeller (4) rotational agitation make to form vortex negative pressure inside smoke machine, oil smoke by smoke machine bottom flue gas into Mouth enters inside smoke machine, and forms rapid increase air-flow, continues drawing smoke;
Step (3), when oil smoke runoff passes through high-speed rotating annular impeller (4) region, greasy dirt particle because of inertia masterpiece, with quilt Arc shaped blade (41) intercepts, and greasy dirt particle is adhered to blade surface and is accumulate to due to gravity along blade surface inflow oil trap (2);
After step (4) passes through annular impeller (4) region, the flue gas to make rotating motion enters inside smoke machine, close because of greasy dirt particle Degree is bigger than smoke density, inside smoke machine after high speed rotary motion, is thrown to outer tube wall (1) interior table by powerful centrifugal force Face, with the extension of runing time, after being adhered to the greasy dirt particle aggregation of outer tube wall (1) inner surface to a certain extent, by weight Power is acted on and is slid to oil trap (2).
CN201811230537.1A 2018-10-22 2018-10-22 Axial pump drainage and the separation integrated range hood of oil smoke Pending CN109185941A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811230537.1A CN109185941A (en) 2018-10-22 2018-10-22 Axial pump drainage and the separation integrated range hood of oil smoke

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811230537.1A CN109185941A (en) 2018-10-22 2018-10-22 Axial pump drainage and the separation integrated range hood of oil smoke

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Publication Number Publication Date
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109990357A (en) * 2019-03-13 2019-07-09 佛山市云米电器科技有限公司 A kind of smoke machine with oil fume separator
CN111578334A (en) * 2020-04-21 2020-08-25 天津大学 Rotary separation static cascade type commercial range hood

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4500331A (en) * 1983-01-07 1985-02-19 Cheng Chung Tsung Kitchen exhaust apparatus
CN102080840A (en) * 2009-11-30 2011-06-01 博西华电器(江苏)有限公司 Range hood
CN102135288A (en) * 2009-12-16 2011-07-27 Bsh博施及西门子家用器具有限公司 Separation device for separating particles for extractor hood and extractor hood
CN204961339U (en) * 2015-08-21 2016-01-13 武汉益宇环保科技有限公司 Wet dedusting purifies fan
CN106813281A (en) * 2017-03-07 2017-06-09 西安交通大学 A kind of grease separating degree range hood high and its built-in spiral separating device
CN207501219U (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-06-15 上海旭康环保科技有限公司 Mechanical centrifugal composite oil smoke oil fog purification plant

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4500331A (en) * 1983-01-07 1985-02-19 Cheng Chung Tsung Kitchen exhaust apparatus
CN102080840A (en) * 2009-11-30 2011-06-01 博西华电器(江苏)有限公司 Range hood
CN102135288A (en) * 2009-12-16 2011-07-27 Bsh博施及西门子家用器具有限公司 Separation device for separating particles for extractor hood and extractor hood
CN204961339U (en) * 2015-08-21 2016-01-13 武汉益宇环保科技有限公司 Wet dedusting purifies fan
CN106813281A (en) * 2017-03-07 2017-06-09 西安交通大学 A kind of grease separating degree range hood high and its built-in spiral separating device
CN207501219U (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-06-15 上海旭康环保科技有限公司 Mechanical centrifugal composite oil smoke oil fog purification plant

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109990357A (en) * 2019-03-13 2019-07-09 佛山市云米电器科技有限公司 A kind of smoke machine with oil fume separator
CN111578334A (en) * 2020-04-21 2020-08-25 天津大学 Rotary separation static cascade type commercial range hood
CN111578334B (en) * 2020-04-21 2022-05-24 天津大学 Rotating separation static cascade type commercial range hood

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Application publication date: 20190111

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