CN109157726A - A kind of medical air-breather - Google Patents

A kind of medical air-breather Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109157726A
CN109157726A CN201811052876.5A CN201811052876A CN109157726A CN 109157726 A CN109157726 A CN 109157726A CN 201811052876 A CN201811052876 A CN 201811052876A CN 109157726 A CN109157726 A CN 109157726A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pipe
silica gel
enhancement layer
medical air
cover
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Pending
Application number
CN201811052876.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈岩
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Individual
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Individual
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to CN201811052876.5A priority Critical patent/CN109157726A/en
Publication of CN109157726A publication Critical patent/CN109157726A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/04Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/0402Special features for tracheal tubes not otherwise provided for
    • A61M16/0409Special features for tracheal tubes not otherwise provided for with mean for closing the oesophagus
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/04Tracheal tubes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/04Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/0488Mouthpieces; Means for guiding, securing or introducing the tubes
    • A61M16/049Mouthpieces

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of medical air-breathers, for being inserted into bottleneck throat through patient's mouth to establish artificial airway, including the integrally formed integral type ventilation device of the silica gel by different hardness, integral type ventilation device includes first pipe, coat the silica gel enhancement layer of first pipe and the cover for sealing tracheae and introitus oesophagi, cover includes the outside of belly and peripheral cuff, the periphery of cover is seamlessly connected with silica gel enhancement layer outer surface smoother, first pipe is from inlet end through silica gel enhancement layer and the cover outside of belly, it extends to outlet side and is suitable for first pipe and communicated with patient's trachea, peripheral cuff includes proximally and distally, proximal end is equipped with aperture, for being connected as the gas tube of peripheral cuff inflation.Due to using integral type ventilation device, connected between cover and silica gel enhancement layer it is smoother, be not easy affected organ, and avoid element falling etc. it is clinical it is unexpected occur, silica gel enhancement layer is not easy to plug artificial airway, improves artificial airway's reliability.

Description

A kind of medical air-breather
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of medical air-breathers, belong to field of medical device.
Background technique
In clinical rescue, effective artificial airway is established in time, it is extremely important to the success rate for improving rescue.Neither It can be intubated, and laryngeal mask cannot be placed in bottleneck throat by mask ventilation in emergency circumstances, form one after inflation around larynx Sealing ring, can both allow patient's autonomous respiration, also implementable positive airway pressure.Convenient with being placed in, blindmate success rate is high, to blood flow The advantages that kinetic effect is small, few intercurrent disease is paid attention to increasingly in terms of clinical application.
The venting channels and air bag of existing air-breather are spliced using unlike material, when venting channels and soft silicon When glue air bag connects, reliability is reduced and stitching portion can generate a layering, so that venting channels and air bag junction are unsmooth, Certain damage may be generated to epiglottis position, and it is possible to because undue force causes junction to fall off, to rescue work band To bother;And the venting channels of existing air-breather are only a steam hose, and steam hose may be because bending and Block ventilation, has serious consequences.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is creatively overcome limitation as known in the art by a kind of medical air-breather and solves to fail It solves the problems, such as.It solves the cover of conventional ventilation device using the integrally formed ventilation device of same material and ventilation pipe is spelled The problem of connecing the unsmooth and injured patients epiglottis in place, at the same solve because material difference cause splicing built on the sand due to caducous ask Topic, integral type ventilation device use silica gel enhancement layer, so that the artificial airway set up is not easy to block ventilation because of bending, Improve clinical safety.
The solution of the present invention is a kind of medical air-breather, for being inserted into bottleneck throat through patient's mouth to establish artificial gas Road, including the integrally formed integral type ventilation device of the silica gel by different hardness, the integral type ventilation device includes the first pipe Road, the silica gel enhancement layer for coating first pipe and the cover for sealing tracheae and introitus oesophagi, the cover includes the outside of belly With peripheral cuff, periphery and the silica gel enhancement layer outer surface smoother of cover are seamlessly connected, and the first pipe runs through from inlet end Silica gel enhancement layer and the cover outside of belly, extend to outlet side and are suitable for first pipe and communicate with patient's trachea, the peripheral cuff packet It includes proximally and distally, proximal end is equipped with aperture, for being connected as the gas tube of peripheral cuff inflation.
In further embodiment of the invention, the integral type ventilation device further includes the quilt adjacent with first pipe The second pipe being coated on inside silica gel enhancement layer, the second pipe is through silica gel enhancement layer and is connected to the remote of peripheral cuff End is suitable for being passed through in oesophagus.
In further embodiment of the invention, the first pipe and second pipe inlet end are separately provided for The first reinforcing sleeve and the second reinforcing sleeve that dental articulation power is born to prevent ventilation from blocking.
In further embodiment of the invention, first reinforcing sleeve and the second reinforcing sleeve connect side by side and It is pluggable.
In further embodiment of the invention, the peripheral cuff hardness is less than 35 degree of Shore hardness, described first Pipeline, second pipe and silica gel enhancement layer hardness are greater than the hardness of peripheral cuff and are less than 70 degree of Shore hardness.
In further embodiment of the invention, the first pipe, second pipe and silica gel enhancement layer it is arc-shaped and Radian adaptively changing can be dissected according to different patient throats.
In further embodiment of the invention, the inlet end nozzle of first reinforcing sleeve be provided with for realizing The gas source connector of positive airway pressure, the threeway gas source connector include first through hole, the second through-hole and third through-hole, and described first is logical For accessing gas source, the second through-hole is connected to the inlet end nozzle of the first reinforcing sleeve and makes the threeway gas source connector can be around in hole First reinforcing sleeve center axis rotation, third through-hole are provided with bronchoscope supporter.
In further embodiment of the invention, the bronchoscope supporter is detachably connected with third through-hole, institute The sealed compartment that controllable folding is provided in bronchoscope supporter is stated, the bronchoscope supporter is also connected with lid, One is offered on the lid for the aperture that bronchoscope passes through, the hole diameter is greater than bronchoscope diameter, diameter Difference be less than preset value so that bronchoscope is by forming sealing after aperture.
In further embodiment of the invention, the outer surface of the silica gel enhancement layer is rough surface.
In further embodiment of the invention, the gas tube is connected with the finger for being used to indicate air pressure in peripheral cuff Show that air bag, the pilot balloon are connected with the check valve for controlling gas tube one-way ventilating.
The invention has the benefit that medical air-breather according to the present invention, due to integrally formed logical using silica gel Depressed structure, connects smoother between cover and silica gel enhancement layer, be not easy injured patients' body, and since there is no the spelling of component It connects, so that it is more firm after insertion patient's throat, the clinical unexpected generation such as element falling is avoided, silica gel enhancement layer makes people Air flue bending caused by work air flue is not easy because of patient's fault causes ventilation to be blocked, and improves artificial airway's reliability.
By attached drawing and following detailed description of the preferred embodiment, these and other aspects of the invention, feature and excellent Point will become more apparent from.
Detailed description of the invention
Illustrate the preferred embodiment of the present invention below in conjunction with attached drawing, the attached drawing is provided with explanation and is not intended to limit this hair It is bright, in figure:
Fig. 1 show structural schematic diagram according to an embodiment of the present;
Fig. 2 show the partial sectional view of first pipe and silica gel enhancement layer according to an embodiment of the present;
Fig. 3 show the structural schematic diagram before the molding of integral type ventilation device according to an embodiment of the present;
Fig. 4 show the structural schematic diagram before the molding of integral type ventilation device according to an embodiment of the present;
Fig. 5 show the cross-sectional view of signal first pipe position according to an embodiment of the present;
Fig. 6 show the cross-sectional view of signal second pipe position according to an embodiment of the present;
Fig. 7 show the structural schematic diagram of reinforcing sleeve and gas source connector according to an embodiment of the present, wherein Gas source connector through hole is that figure is analysed in part;
In all several views of Figure of description, same reference numerals indicate same parts.
Specific embodiment
It is described in detail below to be only exemplary in nature, it is not intended to limit the embodiment or application and description of description Embodiment purposes.Terms used herein " exemplary " or " illustrative " expression " as an example or explanation ".Herein In be described as " exemplary " or " illustrative " embodiment not representing relative to other embodiments being preferred or preferential.It retouches below All implementations stated are example implementations, provide these and are achieved in that enable those skilled in the art It formulates or uses the embodiment of the present invention, and be not intended to limit invention scope defined by the claims.Herein, for Describe purpose, term " top ", " bottom ", " left side ", " rear ", " right side ", " preceding ", " vertical ", "horizontal" and its derivative words should with it is attached It is invented shown in figure related.Furthermore, it is not intended to be stated by preceding technical field, background of invention, summary of the invention or following detailed description Or implicit theoretical constraint.It is to be further understood that shown in the drawings and described tool in the following description Body device and process, the exemplary embodiment of the concept of the present invention only defined in the appended claims.Therefore, with it is herein The relevant specific size of the disclosed embodiments and other physical characteristics are not construed as limiting, except non-claimed separately has in plain text Regulation.
An exemplary embodiment of medical air-breather according to the present invention is shown in-Fig. 7 referring to Fig.1.Figure In, which is used for through patient's mouth insertion bottleneck throat to establish artificial airway, and foundation structure includes by difference The integrally formed integral type ventilation device 1 of the silica gel of hardness, the integral type ventilation device 1 include first pipe 11, cladding first The silica gel enhancement layer 13 of pipeline 11 and cover 14 for sealing tracheae and introitus oesophagi, here remember cover 14 at one end For outlet side, the other end is denoted as inlet end;Wherein, cover 14 includes the outside of belly 141 and peripheral cuff 142, due to cover 14, first Pipeline 11 and silica gel enhancement layer 13 be integrally formed using mold made of, therefore be inseparable on stricti jurise and regard, Here its structure for ease of description, is broken down into three parts and is described;As shown in figure 5, can be considered the outer of cover 14 It encloses and is seamlessly connected with 13 outer surface smoother of silica gel enhancement layer, first pipe 11 is from inlet end through silica gel enhancement layer 13 and cover 14 The outside of belly 141, extend to outlet side and be suitable for first pipe 11 and communicated with patient's trachea, peripheral cuff 142 includes proximal end 142a Closer from inlet end for proximal end 142a with distal end 142b, the other end is distal end 142b, and proximal end 142a is equipped with aperture, for connecting It is connected in the gas tube 2 of the inflation of peripheral cuff 142, being filled with gas to peripheral cuff 142 makes its expansion, to realize to tracheae and food Pipe it is closed, object is counter to be poured into tracheae to prevent in oesophagus, is avoided clinical unexpected.In order to grasp the peripheral cuff of cover 14 Air pressure in 142 prevents from excessively expanding damage human organ or underexpansion is difficult to form excellent sealing, and gas tube 2 is connected with It is used to indicate the pilot balloon 21 of air pressure in peripheral cuff 142, pilot balloon 21 is connected with unidirectionally to be inflated for controlling gas tube 2 Check valve 22.
As shown in fig. 6, being administered by oesophagus or in order to while keeping establishing artificial airway into oesophagus Other conduits are inserted into, integral type ventilation device 1 further comprises the be covered by silica gel adjacent with first pipe 11 at the time of molding and adds Second pipe 12 inside strong layer 13, second pipe 12 run through silica gel enhancement layer 13 and are connected to the distal end of peripheral cuff 142 142b is suitable for being passed through in oesophagus.
When the medical air-breather is inserted into throat through patient's mouth, patient may be because that the reasons such as pain are grited one's teeth, due to In order not to delicate organs such as injured patients' throats, integral type ventilation device 1 is made using medical silica-gel, but each position hardness Again as needed without identical, wherein 142 hardness of peripheral cuff is less than 35 degree of Shore hardness, first pipe 11, second pipe 12 With 13 hardness of silica gel enhancement layer be greater than peripheral cuff 142 hardness and be less than 70 degree of Shore hardness, such hardness is unable to bear The occlusion energetically of patient, if may be such that first pipe 11 and the closure of second pipe 12 when patient grits one's teeth firmly and cause to ventilate Obstruction;As shown in fig. 7, therefore being separately provided for bearing tooth in the inlet end of first pipe 11 and second pipe 12 here First reinforcing sleeve 31 and second reinforcing sleeve 32 of the bite force to prevent ventilation from blocking, in order to adapt to different clinical settings, this Two reinforcing sleeves connect side by side and pluggable replacement.
In order to enable the medical air-breather more simple and quick, easily operated, first pipe 11, second pipe in merging 12 and silica gel enhancement layer 13 be arranged to dissect the shape that matches of radian with human body throat, and due to the elasticity and softness of silica gel Property, so as to dissect radian adaptively changing according to different patient throats.
In addition, as shown in fig. 7, the inlet end nozzle of the first reinforcing sleeve 31 is provided with the gas source for realizing positive airway pressure Connector 4, if gas source connector 4 can be using straight-through gas source connector, here in order to use the device just to establish artificial airway Way is more abundant, and gas source connector 4 uses threeway gas source connector, and threeway gas source connector includes first through hole 41,42 and of the second through-hole Third through-hole 43,41 diameter of first through hole are 15 millimeters of standard specification, and for accessing gas source, the second through-hole 42 is connected to first The inlet end nozzle of reinforcing sleeve 31 is convenient for positive pressure gas being passed through tracheae through first pipe 11, in order to avoid due to the medical ventilation The movement of device causes the contiguity of cover 14 and throat to change and influence airtightness, which can reinforce around first 31 central axis of casing does 360 degree rotation;Third through-hole 43 is provided with bronchoscope supporter 5, bronchoscope supporter 5 and third Through-hole 43 is detachably connected, and the diameter of third through-hole 43 is greater than the diameter of bronchoscope supporter 5, removes bronchoscope supporter When 5, trachea cannula can be placed in from third through-hole 43 and be passed through first pipe 11 through the second through-hole 42, set in bronchoscope supporter 5 It is equipped with the sealed compartment 51 of controllable folding, which can support to realize branch while keeping artificial airway Tracheoscopy, when without bronchoscopy, sealed compartment 51 is closed to prevent gas leakage, needs to carry out bronchoscopy When looking into, sealed compartment 51 is opened, but since the insertion tube of bronchoscope is thinner, sealed compartment 51 will cause leakage after opening Therefore a lid 52 is arranged in gas on bronchoscope supporter 5, one is offered on lid 52 for insert tube of bronchoscope By aperture 52a, aperture 52a diameter is greater than insert tube of bronchoscope diameter, and the difference of diameter is less than preset value, the preset value mark Standard is when allowing to carry out bronchoscope detection, to close the lid 52, and insert tube of bronchoscope is still formed after aperture 52a insertion Sealing and it is air tight.The second through-hole 42 and 31 junction of the first reinforcing sleeve and third through-hole 43 and bronchoscope branch in Fig. 7 The junction of gripping member 5 is to have carried out part for the ease of showing its inner connecting structure and analysed, actually sealed;
Because medical worker generally requires band medical gloves when using the medical air-breather, if its outer surface is too smooth Operation difficulty can be increased, therefore the outer surface of silica gel enhancement layer 13 is made as rough surface in order to use, while rough surface energy The frictional force for enough increasing silica gel enhancement layer outer surface and patient's organ contact site avoids the medical air-breather displacement, enhancing Stability in use.
Above-described embodiment is only the exemplary illustration for being the implementation for being clearly understood that principle of the invention and proposing.? In the case where without departing from the scope of the present invention, many variations, combination, modification or equivalents can substitute element of the invention. Therefore, the present invention is directed to be not limited to the specific embodiment of disclosed optimal mode for carrying out the present invention, but originally Invention will include all embodiments fallen within the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of medical air-breather, for being inserted into bottleneck throat through patient's mouth to establish artificial airway, it is characterised in that: including By the integrally formed integral type ventilation device (1) of the silica gel of different hardness, the integral type ventilation device (1) includes first pipe (11), the silica gel enhancement layer (13) of first pipe (11) is coated and for sealing air pipe inlet position and introitus oesophagi position Cover (14), the cover (14) include the outside of belly (141) and peripheral cuff (142), periphery and the silica gel enhancement layer of cover (14) (13) outer surface smoother is seamlessly connected, and the first pipe (11) is from inlet end through silica gel enhancement layer (13) and cover (14) abdomen Face (141), extends to outlet side and is suitable for first pipe (11) and communicate with patient's trachea, and the peripheral cuff (142) includes close (142a) and distal end (142b) are held, proximal end (142a) is equipped with aperture, for being connected as the gas tube of peripheral cuff (142) inflation (2)。
2. medical air-breather according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the integral type ventilation device (1) further includes Adjacent with first pipe (11) is covered by the internal second pipe (12) of silica gel enhancement layer (13), the second pipe (12) Through silica gel enhancement layer (13) and the distal end (142b) that is connected to peripheral cuff (142) is suitable for being passed through in oesophagus.
3. medical air-breather according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the first pipe (11) and second pipe (12) the first reinforcing sleeve (31) and second that inlet end is separately provided for bearing dental articulation power to prevent ventilation from blocking Reinforcing sleeve (32).
4. medical air-breather according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: first reinforcing sleeve (31) and second adds Strong casing (32) connects and pluggable side by side.
5. medical air-breather according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: peripheral cuff (142) hardness is less than Xiao 35 degree of family name's hardness, the first pipe (11), second pipe (12) and silica gel enhancement layer (13) hardness are greater than peripheral cuff (142) Hardness and be less than 70 degree of Shore hardness.
6. medical air-breather according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the first pipe (11), second pipe (12) and silica gel enhancement layer (13) it is arc-shaped and can according to different patient throats dissect radian adaptively changing.
7. medical air-breather according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: the inlet end of first reinforcing sleeve (31) The gas source connector (4) that nozzle is provided with for realizing positive airway pressure, the threeway gas source connector include first through hole (41), second Through-hole (42) and third through-hole (43), the first through hole (41) are connected to first and add for accessing gas source, the second through-hole (42) The inlet end nozzle of strong casing (31) simultaneously makes the threeway gas source connector can be around the first reinforcing sleeve (31) center axis rotation, third Through-hole (43) is provided with bronchoscope supporter (5).
8. medical air-breather according to claim 8, it is characterised in that: the bronchoscope supporter (5) and third Through-hole (43) is detachably connected, and the sealed compartment (51) of controllable folding is provided in the bronchoscope supporter (5), described Bronchoscope supporter (5) is also connected with lid (52), and one is offered on the lid (52) and is used for what bronchoscope passed through Aperture (52a), aperture (52a) diameter are greater than bronchoscope diameter, and the difference of diameter is less than preset value, so that bronchoscope is logical Small holes (52a) form sealing afterwards.
9. medical air-breather according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the outer surface of the silica gel enhancement layer (13) is Rough surface.
10. medical air-breather according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the gas tube (2), which is connected with, to be used to indicate The pilot balloon (21) of peripheral cuff (142) interior air pressure, the pilot balloon (21) are connected with unidirectional for controlling gas tube (2) The check valve (22) of ventilation.
CN201811052876.5A 2018-09-10 2018-09-10 A kind of medical air-breather Pending CN109157726A (en)

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CN201811052876.5A CN109157726A (en) 2018-09-10 2018-09-10 A kind of medical air-breather

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2023151163A1 (en) * 2022-02-09 2023-08-17 浙江简成医疗科技有限公司 Straight-through laryngeal mask airway having auxiliary endoscope diagnosis and treatment functions

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE8214189U1 (en) * 1982-05-15 1982-09-16 Bertram, Volker, 7247 Sulz HOLDER FOR ENDOTRACHEAL TUBE WITH BIT BLOCK
CN201076449Y (en) * 2007-08-13 2008-06-25 李明星 Aeration throat cover special for general anesthesia auxiliary fibre bronchoscopy
CN201171844Y (en) * 2008-03-26 2008-12-31 珠海福尼亚医用高分子材料制品有限公司 Laryngeal mask
CN201304163Y (en) * 2008-10-31 2009-09-09 珠海福尼亚医用高分子材料制品有限公司 Laryngeal mask ventilating device
CN201516220U (en) * 2009-11-11 2010-06-30 天津美迪斯医疗用品有限公司 Built-in obstructed type gullet drainage tube laryngeal mask airway
CN203763605U (en) * 2014-01-10 2014-08-13 邹德伟 Laryngeal mask gas duct structure
CN206934420U (en) * 2017-01-23 2018-01-30 大连医科大学附属第二医院 Anti-gas-leak list cavity single-bag heavier-duty trachea cannula

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE8214189U1 (en) * 1982-05-15 1982-09-16 Bertram, Volker, 7247 Sulz HOLDER FOR ENDOTRACHEAL TUBE WITH BIT BLOCK
CN201076449Y (en) * 2007-08-13 2008-06-25 李明星 Aeration throat cover special for general anesthesia auxiliary fibre bronchoscopy
CN201171844Y (en) * 2008-03-26 2008-12-31 珠海福尼亚医用高分子材料制品有限公司 Laryngeal mask
CN201304163Y (en) * 2008-10-31 2009-09-09 珠海福尼亚医用高分子材料制品有限公司 Laryngeal mask ventilating device
CN201516220U (en) * 2009-11-11 2010-06-30 天津美迪斯医疗用品有限公司 Built-in obstructed type gullet drainage tube laryngeal mask airway
CN203763605U (en) * 2014-01-10 2014-08-13 邹德伟 Laryngeal mask gas duct structure
CN206934420U (en) * 2017-01-23 2018-01-30 大连医科大学附属第二医院 Anti-gas-leak list cavity single-bag heavier-duty trachea cannula

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2023151163A1 (en) * 2022-02-09 2023-08-17 浙江简成医疗科技有限公司 Straight-through laryngeal mask airway having auxiliary endoscope diagnosis and treatment functions

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