CN109135032A - A kind of flame-resistant insulation multi-functional cable - Google Patents

A kind of flame-resistant insulation multi-functional cable Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN109135032A
CN109135032A CN201810697414.2A CN201810697414A CN109135032A CN 109135032 A CN109135032 A CN 109135032A CN 201810697414 A CN201810697414 A CN 201810697414A CN 109135032 A CN109135032 A CN 109135032A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
layer
parts
flame
deicer
glass fibre
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810697414.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘杰
吴瑞青
翟滨
张琳
王露
齐敏
杨新英
张付华
董鹏
李新奎
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
State Grid Shandong Electric Power Co Ltd
Original Assignee
State Grid Shandong Electric Power Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by State Grid Shandong Electric Power Co Ltd filed Critical State Grid Shandong Electric Power Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810697414.2A priority Critical patent/CN109135032A/en
Publication of CN109135032A publication Critical patent/CN109135032A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L23/00Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers
    • C08L23/02Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers not modified by chemical after-treatment
    • C08L23/04Homopolymers or copolymers of ethene
    • C08L23/08Copolymers of ethene
    • C08L23/0846Copolymers of ethene with unsaturated hydrocarbons containing other atoms than carbon or hydrogen atoms
    • C08L23/0869Acids or derivatives thereof
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D143/00Coating compositions based on homopolymers or copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and containing boron, silicon, phosphorus, selenium, tellurium, or a metal; Coating compositions based on derivatives of such polymers
    • C09D143/04Homopolymers or copolymers of monomers containing silicon
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D7/00Features of coating compositions, not provided for in group C09D5/00; Processes for incorporating ingredients in coating compositions
    • C09D7/40Additives
    • C09D7/60Additives non-macromolecular
    • C09D7/61Additives non-macromolecular inorganic
    • C09D7/62Additives non-macromolecular inorganic modified by treatment with other compounds
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B3/00Insulators or insulating bodies characterised by the insulating materials; Selection of materials for their insulating or dielectric properties
    • H01B3/18Insulators or insulating bodies characterised by the insulating materials; Selection of materials for their insulating or dielectric properties mainly consisting of organic substances
    • H01B3/30Insulators or insulating bodies characterised by the insulating materials; Selection of materials for their insulating or dielectric properties mainly consisting of organic substances plastics; resins; waxes
    • H01B3/44Insulators or insulating bodies characterised by the insulating materials; Selection of materials for their insulating or dielectric properties mainly consisting of organic substances plastics; resins; waxes vinyl resins; acrylic resins
    • H01B3/441Insulators or insulating bodies characterised by the insulating materials; Selection of materials for their insulating or dielectric properties mainly consisting of organic substances plastics; resins; waxes vinyl resins; acrylic resins from alkenes
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B7/00Insulated conductors or cables characterised by their form
    • H01B7/02Disposition of insulation
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B7/00Insulated conductors or cables characterised by their form
    • H01B7/17Protection against damage caused by external factors, e.g. sheaths or armouring
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B7/00Insulated conductors or cables characterised by their form
    • H01B7/17Protection against damage caused by external factors, e.g. sheaths or armouring
    • H01B7/28Protection against damage caused by moisture, corrosion, chemical attack or weather
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B7/00Insulated conductors or cables characterised by their form
    • H01B7/17Protection against damage caused by external factors, e.g. sheaths or armouring
    • H01B7/28Protection against damage caused by moisture, corrosion, chemical attack or weather
    • H01B7/282Preventing penetration of fluid, e.g. water or humidity, into conductor or cable
    • H01B7/2825Preventing penetration of fluid, e.g. water or humidity, into conductor or cable using a water impermeable sheath
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B7/00Insulated conductors or cables characterised by their form
    • H01B7/17Protection against damage caused by external factors, e.g. sheaths or armouring
    • H01B7/28Protection against damage caused by moisture, corrosion, chemical attack or weather
    • H01B7/282Preventing penetration of fluid, e.g. water or humidity, into conductor or cable
    • H01B7/285Preventing penetration of fluid, e.g. water or humidity, into conductor or cable by completely or partially filling interstices in the cable
    • H01B7/288Preventing penetration of fluid, e.g. water or humidity, into conductor or cable by completely or partially filling interstices in the cable using hygroscopic material or material swelling in the presence of liquid
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B7/00Insulated conductors or cables characterised by their form
    • H01B7/17Protection against damage caused by external factors, e.g. sheaths or armouring
    • H01B7/29Protection against damage caused by extremes of temperature or by flame
    • H01B7/295Protection against damage caused by extremes of temperature or by flame using material resistant to flame
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B9/00Power cables
    • H01B9/02Power cables with screens or conductive layers, e.g. for avoiding large potential gradients
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/00Use of inorganic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/16Halogen-containing compounds
    • C08K2003/162Calcium, strontium or barium halides, e.g. calcium, strontium or barium chloride
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/00Use of inorganic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/16Halogen-containing compounds
    • C08K2003/166Magnesium halide, e.g. magnesium chloride
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2201/00Properties
    • C08L2201/02Flame or fire retardant/resistant
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2203/00Applications
    • C08L2203/20Applications use in electrical or conductive gadgets

Abstract

The present invention relates to technical field of electric power transmission, specially a kind of flame-resistant insulation multi-functional cable, it from inside to outside successively include cable core, insulating layer, composite shielding layer, composite phase-change material layer, restrictive coating, the insulating layer comprises the following components in parts by weight: 70-80 parts of ethylene-methacrylic acid copolymer, 20-30 parts of polyamide, 40-50 parts of hyperbranched polyether modified cyanurotriamide, 10-20 parts modified of glass fibre of poly- phosphamide fire retardant, 5-15 parts of filler, 5-10 parts of hollow glass micropearl.The insulating layer of flame-resistant insulation multi-functional cable of the present invention realizes high electric insulation effect while realizing high fire-retardance effect by the synergistic effect between each ingredient.

Description

A kind of flame-resistant insulation multi-functional cable
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of power transmission, specially a kind of flame-resistant insulation multi-functional cable.
Background technique
Currently, the laying of cable is usually in outdoor, and portion with the development of science and technology the dosage of cable is also growing Divide cable that can usually be chronically at the more severe area of environment, as electricity consumption increases severely, cable fire situation also becomes especially Sternness, cable fire is with concealment is strong, randomness is big, burning velocity is fast, smoke amount is big and combustion product is toxic, Initial Stage of Fire Be difficult to find, place complexity is unfavorable for fire attack, piping shaft gap is more, encourage that fire spreading, loss is serious, coverage is wide The features such as, lead to fire once occurring, fighting will be extremely difficult, brings about great losses.
The problems such as traditional Cable Construction Design is single and material selects, can not the higher environment of adaptive temperature, and When fire occurs, traditional cable-flame retardant effect is poor, and very big harm is brought to the use of people.Therefore, a kind of tool is designed Having the cable of flame retardant property becomes urgent problem to be solved.
Technical solution
To solve above-mentioned problems of the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of flame-resistant insulation multi-functional cable, specific skills Art scheme is as follows:
A kind of flame-resistant insulation multi-functional cable successively includes cable core, insulating layer, composite shielding layer, composite phase-change material from inside to outside The bed of material, restrictive coating;The insulating layer comprises the following components in parts by weight: 70-80 parts of ethylene-methacrylic acid copolymer, polyamides 20-30 parts of polyimide resin, 40-50 parts of hyperbranched polyether modified cyanurotriamide, the modified glass fibre 10-20 of poly- phosphamide fire retardant Part, 5-15 parts of filler, 5-10 parts of hollow glass micropearl, the filler are the mixture of waste mushroom and clay;The poly- phosphorus The modified glass fibre of amide fire retardant is prepared by following methods:
(1) by glass fibre be added hydrogen peroxide in, then ultrasonic disperse is heated to reflux, then mixture is filtered and spend from Sub- water washing, vacuum drying obtain hydroxylating glass fibre;
(2) hydroxylating glass fibre is reacted with amino silicane coupling agent, obtains amination glass fibre;
(3) poly- phosphamide fire retardant, vinyl methyl dimethoxysilane, azodiisobutyronitrile are added in chloroform, machinery stirs It under conditions of mixing and stirring nitrogen protection, is heated to reflux, then mixture is filtered and is washed with deionized, vacuum drying obtains silicon Siloxane modified phosphamide fire retardant;
(4) amination glass fibre and ethyl alcohol are mixed, adds silicone-modified phosphamide fire retardant, mechanical stirring and nitrogen It under conditions of gas shielded, is heated to reflux, then mixture is filtered to and used ethanol washing, vacuum drying obtains the poly- phosphinylidyne The modified glass fibre of amine fire retardant.
Preferably, the composite phase-change material layer includes that the high temperature composite phase-change material layer of internal layer and the low temperature of outer layer are answered Close phase-change material layers.
Preferably, the composite shielding layer successively includes the first conductive layer of cloth, copper alloy and aromatics polyamides from inside to outside Amine fiber composite layer, the second conductive layer of cloth.
Preferably, the cable core includes conductor, the insulating layer of conductor being coated on outside conductor, the cable core for filling cable core gap Packing material, the cable core packing material are nanometer micropore heat-barrier material.
Preferably, the restrictive coating successively includes super-hydrophobic coat, uvioresistant layer of cloth, anti-freeze material from outside to inside Layer, the anti-freeze material layer is by high-hydroscopicity non-woven scrim cloth and is adsorbed on anti-freeze on water imbibition non-woven scrim cloth Agent composition;Screw-casing is arranged with outside the restrictive coating, the screw-casing can be rotated, and the screw-casing surface layer is coated with super-hydrophobic painting Layer;The uvioresistant layer of cloth is woven by uvioresistant fiber.
Preferably, the anti-freeze material layer is prepared by following methods: by high-hydroscopicity non-woven scrim cloth in true It is immersed in deicer solution under empty condition, fully absorbs it, finally squeezed and remove extra deicer solution.
Preferably, the super-hydrophobic coat comprises the following components in parts by weight: fluorinated silicone modified acrylate 50-60 Part, 4-8 parts of fluorine-containing surfactant, 60-70 parts of solvent, diatomite -15-20 parts of deicer composite material.
Preferably, the diatomite-deicer composite material is prepared by following methods:
(1) diatomite is dried in vacuo 12h-18h under the conditions of 90-110 DEG C, it is spare;
(2) deicer and water are mixed under room temperature, obtain uniform solution;
(3) step 2 acquired solution is slowly dropped in diatomite dry obtained by step 1, until being absorbed into saturation, is then existed It is dried in vacuo 12h-18h under the conditions of 90-100 DEG C, removes excessive moisture;
(4) according to the fusing point of corresponding deicer, step 3 products therefrom is being higher than 20-30 DEG C of fusing point of corresponding deicer Temperature under the conditions of handle 3-5h, obtain the diatomite-deicer composite material after cooling.
Preferably, the anti-freezing agent is villaumite or Lu Limei, the villaumite is sodium chloride or calcium chloride or magnesium chloride.
Beneficial effect
(1) insulating layer of flame-resistant insulation multi-functional cable of the present invention is realized high by the synergistic effect between each ingredient High electric insulation effect is realized while flame retardant effect.It uses waste mushroom for filler reinforcement material, realizes the recycling of waste mushroom It utilizes, has saved natural resources, reduced environmental pollution, with the far reaching significance in terms of energy conservation and environmental protection.It, will be phosphorous in the present invention Fire retardant modified glass-fiber is added in insulating materials, and the mechanical property of material not only can be improved, moreover, guaranteeing composite wood The flame retardant property of material, takes into account flame retardant property and mechanical property, reduces the influence to density of material to the greatest extent.
(2) restrictive coating of flame-resistant insulation multi-functional cable of the present invention, outermost layer are coated with super-hydrophobic coat, have Low surface tension, hates ice at high hydrophobic, can reduce the adhesive force of water and ice to the maximum extent, it is made easily to fall off, to reach Prevent the purpose of solidifying ice and deicing.Injury of the ultraviolet light to restrictive coating can be greatly reduced in uvioresistant layer of cloth, extend sheath The service life of layer.Anti-freeze material layer is by high-hydroscopicity non-woven scrim cloth and the anti-caking being adsorbed on water imbibition non-woven scrim cloth Ice agent composition, fixative of the high-hydroscopicity non-woven fibre as deicer, deicer, which can play, prevents solidifying ice and deicing Purpose.Screw-casing surface layer is coated with super-hydrophobic coat, can reduce to the maximum extent the adhesive force of water and ice, in wind and certainly Under the action of right power, screw-casing is rotatable, water on restrictive coating and ice can be made to fall off, so that reaching prevents solidifying ice and deicing Purpose.
(3) flame-resistant insulation multi-functional cable of the present invention is provided with composite phase-change material layer, and the high temperature of internal layer is compound Phase-change material layers can slow down heat and escape, and can prevent cladding material from crossing heat ageing, the low temperature composite phase-change material layer of outer layer Cable outer surface can be kept in lower temperature state, avoid power transmission cable outer surface since inner core fever causes snow melt to freeze, Cable material can be prevented cold short simultaneously, extend the service life of cable covering and insulating layer.
(4) the first of composite shielding layer setting the conductive layer of cloth, the second conductive layer of cloth have high flexibility, make it than simple gold It is more soft to belong to the cable with shielding, and then guarantees service life, the shielding design of high flexibility keeps the installation radius of cable smaller, It is more easy to install and not easy to break or broken.
(5) contain diatomite-deicer composite material in super-hydrophobic coat of the present invention, can play anti-freeze Effect, carrier of the diatomite as deicer can extend the term of validity of deicer.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the cable of flame-resistant insulation multi-functional cable described in the embodiment of the present invention 1;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of restrictive coating described in the embodiment of the present invention 2;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of restrictive coating described in the embodiment of the present invention 2;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of composite shielding layer described in the embodiment of the present invention 3;
Wherein: 1: conductor;2: insulating layer;3: composite shielding layer;4: high temperature composite phase-change material layer;5: restrictive coating;6: super-hydrophobic Coating;7: uvioresistant layer of cloth;8: anti-freeze material layer;9: screw-casing;10: low temperature composite phase-change material layer;11: the first is conductive Layer of cloth;12: copper alloy and aramid fiber composites layer;13: the second conductive layer of cloths;14: insulating layer of conductor;15: cable Core packing material.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of flame-resistant insulation multi-functional cable, successively includes cable core, insulating layer 2, composite shielding layer from inside to outside 3, composite phase-change material layer, restrictive coating 5;The composite phase-change material layer includes the high temperature composite phase-change material layer 4 of internal layer and outer The low temperature composite phase-change material layer 10 of layer;The cable core includes conductor 1, the insulating layer of conductor being coated on outside conductor 14, filling cable The cable core packing material 15 in core gap.
The insulating layer comprises the following components in parts by weight: 70 parts of ethylene-methacrylic acid copolymer, polyamide 20 Part, it is 40 parts of hyperbranched polyether modified cyanurotriamide, 10 parts modified of glass fibre of poly- phosphamide fire retardant, 5 parts of filler, hollow 5 parts of glass microballoon, the filler is the mixture of waste mushroom and clay;The modified glass fibre of the poly- phosphamide fire retardant It is prepared by following methods:
(1) by glass fibre be added hydrogen peroxide in, then ultrasonic disperse is heated to reflux, then mixture is filtered and spend from Sub- water washing, vacuum drying obtain hydroxylating glass fibre;
(2) hydroxylating glass fibre is reacted with amino silicane coupling agent, obtains amination glass fibre;
(3) poly- phosphamide fire retardant, vinyl methyl dimethoxysilane, azodiisobutyronitrile are added in chloroform, machinery stirs It under conditions of mixing and stirring nitrogen protection, is heated to reflux, then mixture is filtered and is washed with deionized, vacuum drying obtains silicon Siloxane modified phosphamide fire retardant;
(4) amination glass fibre and ethyl alcohol are mixed, adds silicone-modified phosphamide fire retardant, mechanical stirring and nitrogen It under conditions of gas shielded, is heated to reflux, then mixture is filtered to and used ethanol washing, vacuum drying obtains the poly- phosphinylidyne The modified glass fibre of amine fire retardant.
Embodiment 2
A kind of flame-resistant insulation multi-functional cable successively includes cable core, insulating layer 2, composite shielding layer 3, composite phase-change from inside to outside Material layer, restrictive coating 5;The composite phase-change material layer includes that the high temperature composite phase-change material layer 4 of internal layer and the low temperature of outer layer are answered Close phase-change material layers 10;The cable core includes conductor 1, the insulating layer of conductor being coated on outside conductor 14, the cable for filling cable core gap Core packing material 15.The uvioresistant layer of cloth is woven by uvioresistant fiber, and the cable core packing material is that nanometer is micro- Hole heat-barrier material.
As shown in Fig. 2, the restrictive coating 5 from outside to inside successively include super-hydrophobic coat 6, it is uvioresistant layer of cloth 7, anti-freeze Material layer 8, the anti-freeze material layer is by high-hydroscopicity non-woven scrim cloth and is adsorbed on water imbibition non-woven scrim cloth Deicer composition.
As shown in figure 3, being arranged with screw-casing 9 outside the restrictive coating, the screw-casing 9 be can be rotated, 9 surface layer of screw-casing Coated with super-hydrophobic coat.
The insulating layer comprises the following components in parts by weight: 80 parts of ethylene-methacrylic acid copolymer, polyamide 30 Part, 50 parts of hyperbranched polyether modified cyanurotriamide, 20 parts modified of glass fibre of poly- phosphamide fire retardant, 15 parts of filler, sky 10 parts of heart glass microballoon, the filler is the mixture of waste mushroom and clay;The modified glass of the poly- phosphamide fire retardant Fiber is prepared by following methods:
(1) by glass fibre be added hydrogen peroxide in, then ultrasonic disperse is heated to reflux, then mixture is filtered and spend from Sub- water washing, vacuum drying obtain hydroxylating glass fibre;
(2) hydroxylating glass fibre is reacted with amino silicane coupling agent, obtains amination glass fibre;
(3) poly- phosphamide fire retardant, vinyl methyl dimethoxysilane, azodiisobutyronitrile are added in chloroform, machinery stirs It under conditions of mixing and stirring nitrogen protection, is heated to reflux, then mixture is filtered and is washed with deionized, vacuum drying obtains silicon Siloxane modified phosphamide fire retardant;
(4) amination glass fibre and ethyl alcohol are mixed, adds silicone-modified phosphamide fire retardant, mechanical stirring and nitrogen It under conditions of gas shielded, is heated to reflux, then mixture is filtered to and used ethanol washing, vacuum drying obtains the poly- phosphinylidyne The modified glass fibre of amine fire retardant.
Embodiment 3
A kind of flame-resistant insulation multi-functional cable successively includes cable core, insulating layer 2, composite shielding layer 3, composite phase-change from inside to outside Material layer, restrictive coating 5;The restrictive coating 5 successively includes super-hydrophobic coat 6, uvioresistant layer of cloth 7, anti-freeze material from outside to inside The bed of material 8, the anti-freeze material layer is by high-hydroscopicity non-woven scrim cloth and is adsorbed on anti-on water imbibition non-woven scrim cloth Icing agent composition;Screw-casing 9 is arranged with outside the restrictive coating, the screw-casing 9 can be rotated, and 9 surface layer of screw-casing is coated with Super-hydrophobic coat;The composite phase-change material layer includes the high temperature composite phase-change material layer 4 of internal layer and the low temperature compound phase of outer layer Change material layer 10;The cable core include conductor 1, the insulating layer of conductor being coated on outside conductor 14, fill cable core gap cable core fill out Fill material 15.
As shown in figure 4, the composite shielding layer 3 successively includes the first conductive layer of cloth 11, copper alloy and aromatics from inside to outside The conductive layer of cloth 13 of Fypro composite layer 12, second.
The uvioresistant layer of cloth is woven by uvioresistant fiber, and the cable core packing material is that nanometer micropore is heat-insulated Material.
The insulating layer comprises the following components in parts by weight: 75 parts of ethylene-methacrylic acid copolymer, polyamide 25 Part, 45 parts of hyperbranched polyether modified cyanurotriamide, 15 parts modified of glass fibre of poly- phosphamide fire retardant, 10 parts of filler, sky Heart glass microballoon 8, the filler are the mixture of waste mushroom and clay;The modified glass fibre of the poly- phosphamide fire retardant It is prepared by following methods:
(1) by glass fibre be added hydrogen peroxide in, then ultrasonic disperse is heated to reflux, then mixture is filtered and spend from Sub- water washing, vacuum drying obtain hydroxylating glass fibre;
(2) hydroxylating glass fibre is reacted with amino silicane coupling agent, obtains amination glass fibre;
(3) poly- phosphamide fire retardant, vinyl methyl dimethoxysilane, azodiisobutyronitrile are added in chloroform, machinery stirs It under conditions of mixing and stirring nitrogen protection, is heated to reflux, then mixture is filtered and is washed with deionized, vacuum drying obtains silicon Siloxane modified phosphamide fire retardant;
(4) amination glass fibre and ethyl alcohol are mixed, adds silicone-modified phosphamide fire retardant, mechanical stirring and nitrogen It under conditions of gas shielded, is heated to reflux, then mixture is filtered to and used ethanol washing, vacuum drying obtains the poly- phosphinylidyne The modified glass fibre of amine fire retardant.
The anti-freeze material layer is prepared by following methods: high-hydroscopicity non-woven scrim cloth is soaked under vacuum condition Enter in deicer solution, fully absorb it, finally squeezes and remove extra deicer solution.
The super-hydrophobic coat comprises the following components in parts by weight: fluorinated silicone modified 50 parts of acrylate, fluorochemical surface are living Property 4 parts of agent, 60 parts of solvent, diatomite -15 parts of deicer composite material.
The diatomite-deicer composite material is prepared by following methods:
(1) diatomite is dried in vacuo 18h under the conditions of 90 DEG C, it is spare;
(2) deicer and water are mixed under room temperature, obtain uniform solution;
(3) step 2 acquired solution is slowly dropped in diatomite dry obtained by step 1, until being absorbed into saturation, is then existed It is dried in vacuo 18h under the conditions of 90 DEG C, removes excessive moisture;
(4) according to the fusing point of corresponding deicer, by step 3 products therefrom in 20 DEG C of fusing point of temperature for being higher than corresponding deicer 5h is handled under the conditions of degree, obtains the diatomite-deicer composite material after cooling.
Preferably, the anti-freezing agent is villaumite or Lu Limei, the villaumite is sodium chloride or calcium chloride or magnesium chloride.
Embodiment 4
A kind of flame-resistant insulation multi-functional cable successively includes cable core, insulating layer, composite shielding layer, composite phase-change material from inside to outside The bed of material, restrictive coating;The insulating layer comprises the following components in parts by weight: 70 parts of ethylene-methacrylic acid copolymer, polyamide resin 30 parts of rouge, 40 parts of hyperbranched polyether modified cyanurotriamide, 20 parts modified of glass fibre of poly- phosphamide fire retardant, 5 parts of filler, 10 parts of hollow glass micropearl, the filler is the mixture of waste mushroom and clay;The modified glass of the poly- phosphamide fire retardant Glass fiber is prepared by following methods:
(1) by glass fibre be added hydrogen peroxide in, then ultrasonic disperse is heated to reflux, then mixture is filtered and spend from Sub- water washing, vacuum drying obtain hydroxylating glass fibre;
(2) hydroxylating glass fibre is reacted with amino silicane coupling agent, obtains amination glass fibre;
(3) poly- phosphamide fire retardant, vinyl methyl dimethoxysilane, azodiisobutyronitrile are added in chloroform, machinery stirs It under conditions of mixing and stirring nitrogen protection, is heated to reflux, then mixture is filtered and is washed with deionized, vacuum drying obtains silicon Siloxane modified phosphamide fire retardant;
(4) amination glass fibre and ethyl alcohol are mixed, adds silicone-modified phosphamide fire retardant, mechanical stirring and nitrogen It under conditions of gas shielded, is heated to reflux, then mixture is filtered to and used ethanol washing, vacuum drying obtains the poly- phosphinylidyne The modified glass fibre of amine fire retardant.
The composite phase-change material layer includes the high temperature composite phase-change material layer of internal layer and the low temperature composite phase-change material of outer layer The bed of material.The composite shielding layer successively includes the first conductive layer of cloth, copper alloy and aramid fibre composite wood from inside to outside The bed of material, the second conductive layer of cloth.The cable core includes conductor, the insulating layer of conductor being coated on outside conductor, the cable for filling cable core gap Core packing material, the cable core packing material are nanometer micropore heat-barrier material.
The restrictive coating is described anti-from outside to inside successively including super-hydrophobic coat, uvioresistant layer of cloth, anti-freeze material layer Icing material layer is made of high-hydroscopicity non-woven scrim cloth and the deicer being adsorbed on water imbibition non-woven scrim cloth;Institute It states and is arranged with screw-casing outside restrictive coating, the screw-casing can be rotated, and the screw-casing surface layer is coated with super-hydrophobic coat;It is described anti- Ultraviolet light layer of cloth is woven by uvioresistant fiber.
The anti-freeze material layer is prepared by following methods: high-hydroscopicity non-woven scrim cloth is soaked under vacuum condition Enter in deicer solution, fully absorb it, finally squeezes and remove extra deicer solution.
The super-hydrophobic coat comprises the following components in parts by weight: fluorinated silicone modified 60 parts of acrylate, fluorochemical surface are living Property 8 parts of agent, 70 parts of solvent, diatomite -20 parts of deicer composite material.
The diatomite-deicer composite material is prepared by following methods:
(1) diatomite is dried in vacuo 12h under the conditions of 110 DEG C, it is spare;
(2) deicer and water are mixed under room temperature, obtain uniform solution;
(3) step 2 acquired solution is slowly dropped in diatomite dry obtained by step 1, until being absorbed into saturation, is then existed It is dried in vacuo 12h under the conditions of 100 DEG C, removes excessive moisture;
(4) according to the fusing point of corresponding deicer, by step 3 products therefrom in 30 DEG C of fusing point of temperature for being higher than corresponding deicer 5h is handled under the conditions of degree, obtains the diatomite-deicer composite material after cooling.
Preferably, the anti-freezing agent is villaumite or Lu Limei, the villaumite is sodium chloride or calcium chloride or magnesium chloride.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of flame-resistant insulation multi-functional cable, it is characterised in that: from inside to outside successively include cable core, insulating layer, composite shielding Layer, composite phase-change material layer, restrictive coating;The insulating layer comprises the following components in parts by weight: ethylene-methacrylic acid copolymer 70-80 parts, 20-30 parts of polyamide, 40-50 parts of hyperbranched polyether modified cyanurotriamide, what poly- phosphamide fire retardant was modified 10-20 parts of glass fibre, 5-15 parts of filler, 5-10 parts of hollow glass micropearl, the filler are the mixed of waste mushroom and clay Close object.
2. according to flame-resistant insulation multi-functional cable described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: what the poly- phosphamide fire retardant was modified Glass fibre is prepared by following methods:
(1) by glass fibre be added hydrogen peroxide in, then ultrasonic disperse is heated to reflux, then mixture is filtered and spend from Sub- water washing, vacuum drying obtain hydroxylating glass fibre;
(2) hydroxylating glass fibre is reacted with amino silicane coupling agent, obtains amination glass fibre;
(3) poly- phosphamide fire retardant, vinyl methyl dimethoxysilane, azodiisobutyronitrile are added in chloroform, machinery stirs It under conditions of mixing and stirring nitrogen protection, is heated to reflux, then mixture is filtered and is washed with deionized, vacuum drying obtains silicon Siloxane modified phosphamide fire retardant;
(4) amination glass fibre and ethyl alcohol are mixed, adds silicone-modified phosphamide fire retardant, mechanical stirring and nitrogen It under conditions of gas shielded, is heated to reflux, then mixture is filtered to and used ethanol washing, vacuum drying obtains the poly- phosphinylidyne The modified glass fibre of amine fire retardant.
3. flame-resistant insulation multi-functional cable according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the composite phase-change material layer includes The high temperature composite phase-change material layer of internal layer and the low temperature composite phase-change material layer of outer layer.
4. flame-resistant insulation multi-functional cable according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the composite shielding layer is from inside to outside It successively include the first conductive layer of cloth, copper alloy and aramid fiber composites layer, the second conductive layer of cloth.
5. flame-resistant insulation multi-functional cable according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the cable core includes conductor, cladding Insulating layer of conductor outside conductor, the cable core packing material for filling cable core gap, the cable core packing material be nanometer micropore every Hot material.
6. flame-resistant insulation multi-functional cable according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the restrictive coating is from outside to inside successively Including super-hydrophobic coat, uvioresistant layer of cloth, anti-freeze material layer, the anti-freeze material layer is by high-hydroscopicity non-woven fibre cloth Layer and the deicer being adsorbed on water imbibition non-woven scrim cloth composition;Screw-casing, the spiral shell are arranged with outside the restrictive coating Rotation set can be rotated, and the screw-casing surface layer is coated with super-hydrophobic coat;The uvioresistant layer of cloth is woven by uvioresistant fiber It forms.
7. flame-resistant insulation multi-functional cable according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: the anti-freeze material layer by with The preparation of lower section method: high-hydroscopicity non-woven scrim cloth being immersed in deicer solution under vacuum condition, fully absorbs it, It finally squeezes and removes extra deicer solution.
8. flame-resistant insulation multi-functional cable according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: the super-hydrophobic coat includes following The component of parts by weight: fluorinated silicone modified 50-60 parts of acrylate, 4-8 parts of fluorine-containing surfactant, 60-70 parts of solvent, diatom Soil -15-20 parts of deicer composite material.
9. flame-resistant insulation multi-functional cable according to claim 8, it is characterised in that: the diatomite-deicer is multiple Condensation material is prepared by following methods:
(1) diatomite is dried in vacuo 12h-18h under the conditions of 90-110 DEG C, it is spare;
(2) deicer and water are mixed under room temperature, obtain uniform solution;
(3) step 2 acquired solution is slowly dropped in diatomite dry obtained by step 1, until being absorbed into saturation, is then existed It is dried in vacuo 12h-18h under the conditions of 90-100 DEG C, removes excessive moisture;
(4) according to the fusing point of corresponding deicer, step 3 products therefrom is being higher than 20-30 DEG C of fusing point of corresponding deicer Temperature under the conditions of handle 3-5h, obtain the diatomite-deicer composite material after cooling.
10. flame-resistant insulation multi-functional cable according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: the anti-freezing agent is villaumite or road Li Mei, the villaumite are sodium chloride or calcium chloride or magnesium chloride.
CN201810697414.2A 2018-06-29 2018-06-29 A kind of flame-resistant insulation multi-functional cable Pending CN109135032A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810697414.2A CN109135032A (en) 2018-06-29 2018-06-29 A kind of flame-resistant insulation multi-functional cable

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810697414.2A CN109135032A (en) 2018-06-29 2018-06-29 A kind of flame-resistant insulation multi-functional cable

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109135032A true CN109135032A (en) 2019-01-04

Family

ID=64802448

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810697414.2A Pending CN109135032A (en) 2018-06-29 2018-06-29 A kind of flame-resistant insulation multi-functional cable

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN109135032A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110079061A (en) * 2019-04-11 2019-08-02 苏州旭光聚合物有限公司 A kind of antifouling hydrophobic and oil repellent type modified PBT composite material
CN110079072A (en) * 2019-04-25 2019-08-02 扬州市金鑫电缆有限公司 A kind of LSOH anti-flaming composite material and its application in the cable
CN111910787A (en) * 2020-08-08 2020-11-10 济南长兴建设集团工业科技有限公司 Light inner wall capable of realizing heat preservation and sound insulation
CN111997287A (en) * 2020-08-08 2020-11-27 济南长兴建设集团工业科技有限公司 Light-duty stair convenient to equipment construction

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105097104A (en) * 2015-09-09 2015-11-25 刘雷 Fire-retardant communication cable and production method thereof
CN105694193A (en) * 2016-03-09 2016-06-22 国网山东省电力公司济南市长清区供电公司 Insulated and flame-retardant cable
CN106531335A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-03-22 福建瑞达精工股份有限公司 Power transmission cable with anti-icing function and preparation method of power transmission cable
CN107564606A (en) * 2017-08-23 2018-01-09 江苏浦漕科技股份有限公司 A kind of copper core aluminium sheath inorganic insulation flexible fire-retardant cable

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105097104A (en) * 2015-09-09 2015-11-25 刘雷 Fire-retardant communication cable and production method thereof
CN105694193A (en) * 2016-03-09 2016-06-22 国网山东省电力公司济南市长清区供电公司 Insulated and flame-retardant cable
CN106531335A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-03-22 福建瑞达精工股份有限公司 Power transmission cable with anti-icing function and preparation method of power transmission cable
CN107564606A (en) * 2017-08-23 2018-01-09 江苏浦漕科技股份有限公司 A kind of copper core aluminium sheath inorganic insulation flexible fire-retardant cable

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110079061A (en) * 2019-04-11 2019-08-02 苏州旭光聚合物有限公司 A kind of antifouling hydrophobic and oil repellent type modified PBT composite material
CN110079072A (en) * 2019-04-25 2019-08-02 扬州市金鑫电缆有限公司 A kind of LSOH anti-flaming composite material and its application in the cable
CN111910787A (en) * 2020-08-08 2020-11-10 济南长兴建设集团工业科技有限公司 Light inner wall capable of realizing heat preservation and sound insulation
CN111997287A (en) * 2020-08-08 2020-11-27 济南长兴建设集团工业科技有限公司 Light-duty stair convenient to equipment construction

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN109135032A (en) A kind of flame-resistant insulation multi-functional cable
CN106531335B (en) A kind of power transmission cable with icing protection and preparation method thereof
CN104789123A (en) One-component anti-pollution flashover coating for inhibiting chlorococcum growth and preparation method thereof
CN107760194B (en) A kind of anti-heat insulating coat of silicon rubber base and preparation method thereof
CN111113655A (en) Heat preservation and moisture preservation device for concrete
CN101962875B (en) Semi-conductive waterproof elastic nonwoven fabric and manufacturing method thereof
CN207833961U (en) One kind is from bearing-type high-low pressure aerial insulated cable
CN108922684B (en) A kind of cable with icing protection
CN108587455B (en) Anti-icing material and preparation method and application thereof
CN107815287B (en) Heat-conducting encapsulating silica gel containing flame retardant and based on phase-change microcapsules and preparation method thereof
CN106158147B (en) A kind of shield type flexible fire-proof cable and preparation method thereof
KR101618654B1 (en) Fire Prevention Net coated Fire-Retardant Material of Environment Friendly and None Toxic Intumescent
CN203118577U (en) Novel cable for wind driven generator
CN109397802A (en) A kind of flexible compound solar heat protection casing and preparation method thereof
CN105206952A (en) Glass fiber reinforced plastic casing
CN206685843U (en) A kind of reinforced bus duct
CN108184502A (en) A kind of stretch-proof temperature outdoor cover insulation quilt
CN103359998A (en) Novel composite fire retardant module and preparation method thereof
CN206363799U (en) A kind of power transmission cable with icing protection
CN201199461Y (en) Semiconducting buffering waterproofing belt
CN206819789U (en) A kind of High-flame-retardancfireproof fireproof high-temperature-resistant special cable
CN209515271U (en) A kind of cold-resistant wind energy cable
CN209963108U (en) Silica aerogel felt product for lithium ion power storage battery of electric automobile
CN213303737U (en) Flame retardant device based on wire
CN209487189U (en) A kind of Combined temp resistance cable

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination