CN109084299A - A kind of oil smoke recirculation type energy-saving gas cooker - Google Patents

A kind of oil smoke recirculation type energy-saving gas cooker Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109084299A
CN109084299A CN201810596445.9A CN201810596445A CN109084299A CN 109084299 A CN109084299 A CN 109084299A CN 201810596445 A CN201810596445 A CN 201810596445A CN 109084299 A CN109084299 A CN 109084299A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
oil smoke
smoke
stove base
air
combustion gas
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810596445.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王春生
吴士宾
王跃康
张鼎喆
尚东星
张歆悦
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Yanshan University
Original Assignee
Yanshan University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Yanshan University filed Critical Yanshan University
Priority to CN201810596445.9A priority Critical patent/CN109084299A/en
Publication of CN109084299A publication Critical patent/CN109084299A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D14/00Burners for combustion of a gas, e.g. of a gas stored under pressure as a liquid
    • F23D14/02Premix gas burners, i.e. in which gaseous fuel is mixed with combustion air upstream of the combustion zone
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D14/00Burners for combustion of a gas, e.g. of a gas stored under pressure as a liquid
    • F23D14/46Details, e.g. noise reduction means
    • F23D14/66Preheating the combustion air or gas
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24CDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES ; DETAILS OF DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F24C15/00Details
    • F24C15/20Removing cooking fumes
    • F24C15/2021Arrangement or mounting of control or safety systems
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24CDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES ; DETAILS OF DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F24C3/00Stoves or ranges for gaseous fuels
    • F24C3/08Arrangement or mounting of burners
    • F24C3/085Arrangement or mounting of burners on ranges
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E20/00Combustion technologies with mitigation potential
    • Y02E20/34Indirect CO2mitigation, i.e. by acting on non CO2directly related matters of the process, e.g. pre-heating or heat recovery

Abstract

A kind of oil smoke recirculation type energy-saving gas cooker, including stove base, burner, smoke exhaust ventilator, negative pressure pump, oil smoke Automatic Detection and Control valve and safety-valve;The stove base is cylindrical structure, and upper part is in recessed spherical structure, is coated with heat loss through radiation paint coatings on the surface of lower concave spherical surface, is equipped with hollow cyclic annular insulating layer in the stove base;The burner is placed in lower concave spherical surface center, and its underpart is connected with combustion gas and air pre-mixing pipeline, is around with spiral economizer bank in the combustion gas and air pre-mixing pipeline;Described economizer bank one end connects the negative pressure pump, and the other end is connect by smoke backflow pipe with hollow cyclic annular insulating layer;The smoke exhaust ventilator is placed at the surface of the stove base, a smoking pipe is drawn at the smoke discharging pipe of the smoke exhaust ventilator connects oil smoke Automatic Detection and Control valve, pass through the discharge of the first pipeline all the way from the oil smoke Automatic Detection and Control valve, another way is connect with the combustion gas and air pre-mixing pipeline again behind the door by the second connection safety valve.

Description

A kind of oil smoke recirculation type energy-saving gas cooker
Technical field
The invention belongs to gas cooker technical fields, are related to a kind of gas-cooker, in particular to a kind of oil smoke recirculation type energy conservation Gas range device.
Background technique
The rapid development of global industry process, results in a large amount of consumption of the energy, and energy deficiency also becomes more next It is more obvious.Although continually developing the utilization of new energy now, coal, petroleum, natural gas as energy mainstream are still accounted for According to the leading position of global energy, and these three main streams belong to nonrenewable resources.Under continuous consumption, Amount of storage is also fewer and fewer, and energy conservation also just becomes a theme of social development at this stage.In China, the use of combustion gas is very wide General, the use especially in terms of household gas utensils occupies very big ratio.Gas-cooker is averaged the thermal efficiency as measurement The main indicator of gas-cooker efficiency of combustion, the most of gas-cooker of China at this stage is averaged, and the thermal efficiency is not high, and which results in big The energy waste of amount.In order to comply with the energy-efficient social main trend in the whole world, the evenly heat efficient studies for improving gas-cooker also exist It deepens constantly.At this stage, exploitation is focused primarily upon to the energy saving research of gas cooker and designs new structural gas-cooker and combustion gas The research of stove auxiliary equipment.
In recent years, as the improvement of people's living standards, household cooker quantity is increased sharply.Occur currently on the market Household gas utensils type it is in the majority, make people too plenty for the eye to take it all in.And although these gas cookers have and beautiful and generous meet entirety The advantages of kitchen idea, but also have the disadvantages of thermal efficiency is not generally high, and pernicious gas content is higher in flue gas.Therefore, it grinds Studying carefully the raising gas cooker thermal efficiency just becomes necessity.The household gas utensils of economical and energy saving not only rationally make household cooker With, realize behavior energy saving and reduce Domestic cooking energy consumption that there is directive significance, and have to national energy sustainable development Significance.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved by the invention is to provide a kind of oil smoke recirculation type energy-saving gas range device, present invention tools There is the features such as simple structure, saving combustion gas, reduction oil smoke discharge.
For achieving the above object, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
A kind of oil smoke recirculation type energy-saving gas range device, including stove base, burner, smoke exhaust ventilator, negative pressure pump, oil smoke are certainly Dynamic detection control valve and safety-valve;The stove base is cylindrical structure, and upper part is in recessed spherical structure, in lower concave spherical surface Surface be coated with heat loss through radiation paint coatings, the stove base be equipped with hollow cyclic annular insulating layer;The burner is placed in recessed Spherical surface center, its underpart is connected with combustion gas and air pre-mixing pipeline, is around with spiral shape in the combustion gas and air pre-mixing pipeline Economizer bank;Described economizer bank one end connects the negative pressure pump, and the other end passes through smoke backflow pipe and hollow cyclic annular insulating layer Connection;The smoke exhaust ventilator is placed at the surface of the stove base, and a cigarette is drawn at the smoke discharging pipe of the smoke exhaust ventilator Pipe connects oil smoke Automatic Detection and Control valve, passes through the discharge of the first pipeline, another way all the way from the oil smoke Automatic Detection and Control valve It is connect again with the combustion gas and air pre-mixing pipeline behind the door by the second connection safety valve.
The beneficial effects of adopting the technical scheme are that
Oil smoke recirculation type energy-saving gas cooker of the present invention is the mixture using high-temperature flue gas preheated air and combustion gas, is improved The temperature of combustible, absorbing less heat can reach ignition point, to save natural gas energy resource;Recycle the oil of higher concentration Cigarette burns again, on the one hand reduces oil smoke discharge into air, and one side oil smoke is burning, and saves natural gas energy resource;Heat loss through radiation Paint coatings reflect the heat of Fire Radiation to the bottom surface of pot, reduce thermal radiation loss.
The configuration of the present invention is simple, low manufacture cost is practical, improves combustion gas utilization rate, reduces oil smoke discharge.
Detailed description of the invention
A kind of oil smoke recirculation type energy-saving gas cooker structural schematic diagram of Fig. 1;
A kind of oil smoke recirculation type energy-saving gas cooker workflow schematic diagram of Fig. 2;
Fig. 3 preheating pipe structure chart;
Fig. 4 radiation theory structure figure.
Wherein: 1- smoke exhaust ventilator, 2- pots, 3- burner, 4- heat loss through radiation paint coatings, 5- stove base, 6- insulating layer, 7- is negative Press pump, 8- oil smoke Automatic Detection and Control valve, 9- flame, 10- safety-valve, A- smoke backflow pipe, B- economizer bank, C- combustion gas and sky Gas premixes pipeline and other pipelines, the first pipeline of D--, the second pipeline of E-.
Specific embodiment
The present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawing:
A kind of oil smoke recirculation type energy-saving gas range device of the invention, as shown in Figure 1, including stove base 5, burner 3, taking out Kitchen ventilator 1, negative pressure pump 7, oil smoke Automatic Detection and Control valve 8 and safety-valve 10;The stove base 5 is cylindrical structure, upper part In recessed spherical structure, heat loss through radiation paint coatings 4 are coated on the surface of lower concave spherical surface, are equipped in the stove base 5 hollow Cyclic annular insulating layer 6;The burner 3 is placed in lower concave spherical surface center, and its underpart is connected with combustion gas and air pre-mixing pipeline C, in institute It states combustion gas and air pre-mixing pipeline C is around with spiral economizer bank B;The one end the economizer bank B connects the negative pressure pump 10, separately One end is connect by smoke backflow pipe A with hollow cyclic annular insulating layer 6;The smoke exhaust ventilator 1 is placed in the surface of the stove base 5 Place draws a smoking pipe at the smoke discharging pipe of the smoke exhaust ventilator 1 and connects oil smoke Automatic Detection and Control valve 8, from the oil smoke 8 one tunnel of Automatic Detection and Control valve by the first pipeline D discharge, another way pass through the second pipeline E connection safety valve door 10 after again with The combustion gas is connected with air pre-mixing pipeline C.
The present invention is the mixture using high-temperature flue gas preheated air and combustion gas, and the oil smoke for recycling higher concentration burns again.
It is a kind of oil smoke recirculation type energy-saving gas cooker workflow schematic diagram of the present invention, 1 row of smoke exhaust ventilator as shown in Figure 2 Oil smoke out flows through oil smoke Automatic Detection and Control valve 8, and when oil smoke concentration is higher, oil smoke is by the second pipeline E and enters combustion gas It burns again with air pre-mixing pipeline;When oil smoke concentration is lower, it is discharged by the first pipeline D.High-temperature flue gas around pot 2 passes through Smoke backflow pipe and preheating pipe are discharged into air through negative pressure pump.
As shown in figure 4, the stove base 5 around burner 3 is equipped with annular hollow insulating layer 6, because in 2 bottom stove base 5 of pot Heat loss through radiation paint coatings 4 are coated on the surface of lower concave spherical surface, the heat of the radiation of flame 9 can be reflected to the bottom surface of pot 2, reduced Thermal radiation loss improves combustion gas utilization rate, reduces oil smoke discharge.
The working principle of the invention:
Economizer bank, that is, pre- warm premixing air and combustion gas mixture, be in order to improve gas-cooker heat exchange performance, Reduce a kind of pre-heating device of thermal losses.The heat that will be carried in the flue gas being discharged in flue, by economizer bank be transmitted into Enter at combustion gas and air pre-mixing pipeline, the mixture of the air of premix and combustion gas is preheating to certain temperature.At work, into Entering the heat that the flue gas of economizer bank is discharged through negative pressure pump, and carries in flue gas can be the air of premix and the mixture institute of combustion gas It absorbs.
After heat loss through radiation High tailored coating film-forming, film coated surface forms good heat reflection interface first, wider Its heat reflectivity reaches 60%-90% in frequency range, and the heat that film surface absorbs is only 10%-40%, and coating film surface is by big portion The heat divided is kept off in the form reflected in coating outer layer.While film surface absorbs heat accumulation heating, heat absorption interface will be to the film external space Heat loss through radiation.Due to the effect of structure in the material and film layer of base-material, the heat radiation emissivity of film surface, can handle up to 90% or so The thermal energy of film surface heat absorption accumulation is launched in a manner of radiating.If interface external space ambient heat and film surface is thermally conductive, convection current, radiation The speed of heat transfer is less than the speed of film surface transmitting heat dissipation, and film surface temperature can be lower than interface external space environment temperature.Conversely, film surface temperature Degree can be greater than the space temperature of object.
Embodiment described above only describe the preferred embodiments of the invention, not to model of the invention It encloses and is defined, without departing from the spirit of the design of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are to technical side of the invention The various changes and improvements that case is made should all be fallen into the protection scope that the claims in the present invention determine.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of oil smoke recirculation type energy-saving gas range device, it is characterised in that: the gas range device includes stove base, burning Device, smoke exhaust ventilator, negative pressure pump, oil smoke Automatic Detection and Control valve and safety-valve;The stove base is cylindrical structure, and upper part is in Recessed spherical structure is coated with heat loss through radiation paint coatings on the surface of lower concave spherical surface, is equipped with hollow ring-type in the stove base Insulating layer;The burner is placed in lower concave spherical surface center, and its underpart is connected with combustion gas and air pre-mixing pipeline, in the combustion gas and Air pre-mixing pipeline is around with spiral economizer bank;Described economizer bank one end connects the negative pressure pump, and the other end passes through flue gas Return pipe is connect with hollow cyclic annular insulating layer;The smoke exhaust ventilator is placed at the surface of the stove base, in the smoke pumping A smoking pipe is drawn at the smoke discharging pipe of machine and connects oil smoke Automatic Detection and Control valve, all the way from the oil smoke Automatic Detection and Control valve It is discharged by the first pipeline, another way is connect with the combustion gas and air pre-mixing pipeline again behind the door by the second connection safety valve.
CN201810596445.9A 2018-06-11 2018-06-11 A kind of oil smoke recirculation type energy-saving gas cooker Pending CN109084299A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810596445.9A CN109084299A (en) 2018-06-11 2018-06-11 A kind of oil smoke recirculation type energy-saving gas cooker

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810596445.9A CN109084299A (en) 2018-06-11 2018-06-11 A kind of oil smoke recirculation type energy-saving gas cooker

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Publication Number Publication Date
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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110107933A (en) * 2019-04-11 2019-08-09 赵忠文 Oil smoke enters stove strile-back type smoke exhaust ventilator
CN111006259A (en) * 2019-12-11 2020-04-14 张跃虎 Air supply control system of oil smoke self-purification stove

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101324346A (en) * 2008-07-11 2008-12-17 上海理工大学 Lower oil smoke exhaust and back heating integral energy-saving gas range
CN104964312A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-10-07 山东建筑大学 Regenerative energy-saving gas cooker
EP3012527A1 (en) * 2014-10-21 2016-04-27 BSH Hausgeräte GmbH Gas cooking equipment and hotplate
CN206449705U (en) * 2017-01-01 2017-08-29 湖北中瑞天恒节能科技发展有限公司 A kind of energy-conserving oil pumping cigarette stove system
CN106051832B (en) * 2016-05-30 2017-11-14 湖北中瑞天恒节能科技发展有限公司 A kind of commercial gas-fired stove

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101324346A (en) * 2008-07-11 2008-12-17 上海理工大学 Lower oil smoke exhaust and back heating integral energy-saving gas range
EP3012527A1 (en) * 2014-10-21 2016-04-27 BSH Hausgeräte GmbH Gas cooking equipment and hotplate
CN104964312A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-10-07 山东建筑大学 Regenerative energy-saving gas cooker
CN106051832B (en) * 2016-05-30 2017-11-14 湖北中瑞天恒节能科技发展有限公司 A kind of commercial gas-fired stove
CN206449705U (en) * 2017-01-01 2017-08-29 湖北中瑞天恒节能科技发展有限公司 A kind of energy-conserving oil pumping cigarette stove system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110107933A (en) * 2019-04-11 2019-08-09 赵忠文 Oil smoke enters stove strile-back type smoke exhaust ventilator
CN111006259A (en) * 2019-12-11 2020-04-14 张跃虎 Air supply control system of oil smoke self-purification stove

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Application publication date: 20181225

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication