CN109021925A - A kind of preparation method of environmentally friendly dust suppressant - Google Patents

A kind of preparation method of environmentally friendly dust suppressant Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109021925A
CN109021925A CN201811063209.7A CN201811063209A CN109021925A CN 109021925 A CN109021925 A CN 109021925A CN 201811063209 A CN201811063209 A CN 201811063209A CN 109021925 A CN109021925 A CN 109021925A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
environmentally friendly
dust suppressant
dust
suppressant
friendly dust
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Pending
Application number
CN201811063209.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王宁
肖凤艳
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Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research of CAS
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Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research of CAS
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Priority to CN201811063209.7A priority Critical patent/CN109021925A/en
Publication of CN109021925A publication Critical patent/CN109021925A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09KMATERIALS FOR MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • C09K3/00Materials not provided for elsewhere
    • C09K3/22Materials not provided for elsewhere for dust-laying or dust-absorbing

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of preparation methods of environmentally friendly dust suppressant, belong to the technical field of dust suppressant.The present invention is using algal polysaccharides as raw material, and using polyacrylamide macromolecule as framework material, multivalence ethyl alcohol is hygroscopic material, and neopelex is surfactant, and environmentally friendly dust suppressant is made by being mixed.Environmentally friendly dust suppressant prepared by the present invention, with excellent cohesiveness and fast filming, the fine particle on surface layer can be consolidated, increase surface strength and in surface quick film-forming, it is covered in earth's surface, its nontoxic, environmental-friendly, low in cost and dust suppression efficiency can control fugitive dust in Urban Building Construction up to 99% or more.

Description

A kind of preparation method of environmentally friendly dust suppressant
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of preparation method of environmentally friendly dust suppressant, the dust suppressant is with nontoxic, environment is friendly Good, feature low in cost and high-efficient dust suppression.
Background technique
Dust pollution is one of the main composition of current air pollution, dust suppressant occurs from the middle of last century, at present It is constantly subjected to the concern of people.The dust suppressant of commercialization mainly includes the Dus-con company of South Korea, the GE Betz company in the U.S., The RST company of Australia, the chemical dust suppressant of the companies such as Dutch Wuvio and German BASF production, can according to dust suppression mechanism To be divided into moist type chemical dust suppressant, binding type chemical dust suppressant, coagulation type chemical dust suppressant and Compound chemical dust suppressant.Its The effects of middle binding type chemical dust suppressant is by covering, bonding, silication and polymerization, can inhibit dust and dust etc., have The advantages that anti-dust effect is good, and raw material is easy to get, and cost of material is low, and production technology is mature is widely used in construction site and road surface etc. Place.However, similar with other chemical dust suppressants, there is degradation hardly possible and cause secondary pollution problems to environment in such dust suppressant. In addition, there is also practical operation difficulty, the problem of emulsifying effectiveness difference.
Currently, with the development of social progress and society, demand of the people to goods and materials is higher and higher, thus to health Attention degree is also growing day by day, and in order to improve the pollution of dust at present atmosphere, previous chemical dust suppressant is more and more not It is able to satisfy people's requirement, gradually environmental-friendly dust suppressant without secondary pollution development.By finding from a wealth of sources, cheap original Material, it is current trend that the New Dust-Depressor of various mal-conditions can be resisted by, which developing,.Recently, both at home and abroad with regard to environmental type Dust suppressant expands a series of research work, wherein the Suaeda salsa seedcake of the exploitations such as Nankai University Ji Ya celery is primary raw material Dust suppressant to good moisture retention and water stability, every square metre of cost is 0.5 yuan.The research and development such as Qingdao Agricultural University's Sui Fang function The New Dust-Depressor based on marine algae extract, every square metre of cost is 0.1 yuan.Therefore, the present invention is by combining the Chinese Academy of Sciences Research and development advantage of the littoral zone research institute in terms of algae is extracted with environmentally friendly dust suppressant, developing low-cost efficiently novel suppression Dust agent.
Summary of the invention
The present invention exactly for the technical problems in the prior art, provides a kind of preparation of environmentally friendly dust suppressant Method.
To achieve the goals above, technical scheme is as follows:
1. a kind of preparation method of environmentally friendly dust suppressant, it is characterised in that specific preparation step:
(1) seaweed for weighing 1 kg passes through 120 after broken crusher machineoC high temperature, after 2 MPa autoclaving, 20 min, Pressure release room temperature stands 1 h, obtains the crude product of algal polysaccharides;
(2) crude product for weighing 10 g algal polysaccharides, and 10-50 g polyacrylamide macromolecule, 10-50 g multivalence ethyl alcohol and 10-50 g neopelex is in 80oIt is stirred 3-6 h in C 1L water, is down to room temperature, obtains environmentally friendly suppression Dust agent.
2. wherein polyacrylamide macromolecule include methacrylamide homopolymer or with other monomers copolymerization polymer, It is divided into non-ionic, anionic and cationic-type polyacrylamide by its structure.
3. wherein multivalence ethyl alcohol includes including in glycerine, butanediol, propylene glycol, hexylene glycol, xylitol and D-sorbite It is one or more of.
4. wherein dust suppressant is used primarily in Urban Building Construction and controls fugitive dust.
Specific embodiment
In order to deepen the understanding of the present invention and recognize, the present invention is made further With reference to embodiment Illustrate and introduces.
Embodiment 1
The seaweed for weighing 1 kg passes through 120 after broken crusher machineoC high temperature, after 2 MPa autoclaving, 20 min, pressure release Room temperature stands 1 h, obtains the crude product of algal polysaccharides.The crude product for weighing 10 g algal polysaccharides, with 10 g non-ionic poly- third Acrylamide, 10 g glycerine and 10 g neopelexes are in 80o3 h are stirred in C 1L water, room temperature is down to, obtains To environmentally friendly dust suppressant.The environmentally friendly dust suppressant of preparation has excellent cohesiveness and fast filming, Neng Gougu The fine particle on surface layer is tied, increases surface strength and in surface quick film-forming, is covered in earth's surface, it is nontoxic, environment is friendly Good, low in cost and dust suppression efficiency is up to 95 % or more.
Embodiment 2
The seaweed for weighing 1 kg passes through 120 after broken crusher machineoC high temperature, after 2 MPa autoclaving, 20 min, pressure release Room temperature stands 1 h, obtains the crude product of algal polysaccharides.The crude product for weighing 10 g algal polysaccharides, with 50 g anionics poly- third Acrylamide, 50 g butanediols and 50 g neopelexes are in 80o6 h are stirred in C 1L water, room temperature is down to, obtains To environmentally friendly dust suppressant.The environmentally friendly dust suppressant of preparation has excellent cohesiveness and fast filming, Neng Gougu The fine particle on surface layer is tied, increases surface strength and in surface quick film-forming, is covered in earth's surface, it is nontoxic, environment is friendly Good, low in cost and dust suppression efficiency is up to 99 % or more.
Embodiment 3
The seaweed for weighing 1 kg passes through 120 after broken crusher machineoC high temperature, after 2 MPa autoclaving, 20 min, pressure release Room temperature stands 1 h, obtains the crude product of algal polysaccharides.The crude product for weighing 10 g algal polysaccharides, with 30 g cationic polies third Acrylamide, 30 g propylene glycol and 20 g neopelexes are in 80o4 h are stirred in C 1L water, room temperature is down to, obtains To environmentally friendly dust suppressant.The environmentally friendly dust suppressant of preparation has excellent cohesiveness and fast filming, Neng Gougu The fine particle on surface layer is tied, increases surface strength and in surface quick film-forming, is covered in earth's surface, it is nontoxic, environment is friendly Good, low in cost and dust suppression efficiency is up to 97 % or more.
Embodiment 4
The seaweed for weighing 1 kg passes through 120 after broken crusher machineoC high temperature, after 2 MPa autoclaving, 20 min, pressure release Room temperature stands 1 h, obtains the crude product of algal polysaccharides.The crude product for weighing 10 g algal polysaccharides, with 30 g cationic polies third Acrylamide, 30 g propylene glycol, 20 g hexylene glycols and 20 g neopelexes are in 80o4 h are stirred in C 1L water, It is down to room temperature, obtains environmentally friendly dust suppressant.The environmentally friendly dust suppressant of preparation, with excellent cohesiveness and fast short-term training Film property, can consolidate the fine particle on surface layer, increase surface strength and in surface quick film-forming, be covered in earth's surface, nontoxic Harmless, environmental-friendly, low in cost and dust suppression efficiency is up to 98 % or more.
Embodiment 5
The seaweed for weighing 1 kg passes through 120 after broken crusher machineoC high temperature, after 2 MPa autoclaving, 20 min, pressure release Room temperature stands 1 h, obtains the crude product of algal polysaccharides.The crude product for weighing 10 g algal polysaccharides, with 30 g cationic polies third Acrylamide, 30 g xylitols, 20 g D-sorbites and 20 g neopelexes are in 80o4 are stirred in C 1L water H is down to room temperature, obtains environmentally friendly dust suppressant.The environmentally friendly dust suppressant of preparation, with excellent cohesiveness and quickly Film forming, can consolidate the fine particle on surface layer, increase surface strength and in surface quick film-forming, be covered in earth's surface, nothing Malicious harmless, environmental-friendly, low in cost and dust suppression efficiency is up to 98 % or more.
It should be noted that above-described embodiment is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, there is no guarantors for the purpose of limiting the invention Range is protected, made equivalent substitution or substitution, all belongs to the scope of protection of the present invention based on the above technical solution, Protection scope of the present invention is subject to claims.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of preparation method of environmentally friendly dust suppressant, it is characterised in that specific preparation step:
(1) seaweed for weighing 1 kg passes through 120 after broken crusher machineoC high temperature after 2 MPa autoclaving, 20 min, is let out Normal pressure and temperature stands 1 h, obtains the crude product of algal polysaccharides;
(2) crude product for weighing 10 g algal polysaccharides, and 10-50 g polyacrylamide macromolecule, 10-50 g multivalence ethyl alcohol and 10-50 g neopelex is in 80oIt is stirred 3-6 h in C 1L water, is down to room temperature, obtains environmentally friendly suppression Dust agent.
2. a kind of preparation method of environmentally friendly dust suppressant according to claim 1, wherein polyacrylamide macromolecule Polymer including methacrylamide homopolymer or with other monomers copolymerization, is divided into non-ionic, anionic and sun by its structure Polyacrylamide.
3. a kind of preparation method of environmentally friendly dust suppressant according to claim 1, wherein multivalence ethyl alcohol includes the third three One or more of alcohol, butanediol, propylene glycol, hexylene glycol, xylitol and D-sorbite.
4. a kind of preparation method of environmentally friendly dust suppressant according to claim 1, wherein dust suppressant is used primarily in city Fugitive dust is controlled in construction.
CN201811063209.7A 2018-09-12 2018-09-12 A kind of preparation method of environmentally friendly dust suppressant Pending CN109021925A (en)

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Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1392160A (en) * 2001-06-15 2003-01-22 中国科学院化工冶金研究所 Flocculating extraction process of seawweed polysaccharide
US20070085055A1 (en) * 2005-10-14 2007-04-19 Sikes C S Amino acid and carbohydrate polymers for use in soil retention, water conservation, water clarification, and dust control
KR20110018471A (en) * 2009-08-18 2011-02-24 오은하 Composition of asbestos scattering inhibitor for construction field
CN102153702A (en) * 2010-05-12 2011-08-17 北京雷力农用化学有限公司 Preparation method of water retention agent containing seaweed component
CN103184034A (en) * 2013-01-04 2013-07-03 北京阳光溢彩科技有限公司 Ecological environment-friendly dust inhibitor
CN103484062A (en) * 2012-06-14 2014-01-01 中冶天工集团有限公司 Dust inhibition agent for inhibiting dust suspension, and preparation method thereof
CN104892785A (en) * 2015-05-29 2015-09-09 湖南尔康制药股份有限公司 Extraction method of seaweed polysaccharide
CN105885795A (en) * 2016-05-26 2016-08-24 覃政强 Dust suppressant and preparing method thereof
CN106117444A (en) * 2016-06-25 2016-11-16 丁玉琴 A kind of preparation method of fast filming liquid dust suppressant
CN106367028A (en) * 2016-08-10 2017-02-01 鞍钢集团矿业有限公司 Ecotype chemical coagulation agent for explosion of surface mine and preparation method thereof
CN106957633A (en) * 2017-03-27 2017-07-18 日东(青岛)研究院有限公司 A kind of efficient and environment-friendly type dust suppressant and preparation method thereof, application
CN106986968A (en) * 2017-05-04 2017-07-28 山东科技大学 A kind of spray dust-arrest agent and method that macromolecule product is prepared based on graft copolymerization
CN107739593A (en) * 2017-10-19 2018-02-27 威海翔泽新材料科技有限公司 Biodegradable atmospheric dust inhibitor

Patent Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1392160A (en) * 2001-06-15 2003-01-22 中国科学院化工冶金研究所 Flocculating extraction process of seawweed polysaccharide
US20070085055A1 (en) * 2005-10-14 2007-04-19 Sikes C S Amino acid and carbohydrate polymers for use in soil retention, water conservation, water clarification, and dust control
KR20110018471A (en) * 2009-08-18 2011-02-24 오은하 Composition of asbestos scattering inhibitor for construction field
CN102153702A (en) * 2010-05-12 2011-08-17 北京雷力农用化学有限公司 Preparation method of water retention agent containing seaweed component
CN103484062A (en) * 2012-06-14 2014-01-01 中冶天工集团有限公司 Dust inhibition agent for inhibiting dust suspension, and preparation method thereof
CN103184034A (en) * 2013-01-04 2013-07-03 北京阳光溢彩科技有限公司 Ecological environment-friendly dust inhibitor
CN104892785A (en) * 2015-05-29 2015-09-09 湖南尔康制药股份有限公司 Extraction method of seaweed polysaccharide
CN105885795A (en) * 2016-05-26 2016-08-24 覃政强 Dust suppressant and preparing method thereof
CN106117444A (en) * 2016-06-25 2016-11-16 丁玉琴 A kind of preparation method of fast filming liquid dust suppressant
CN106367028A (en) * 2016-08-10 2017-02-01 鞍钢集团矿业有限公司 Ecotype chemical coagulation agent for explosion of surface mine and preparation method thereof
CN106957633A (en) * 2017-03-27 2017-07-18 日东(青岛)研究院有限公司 A kind of efficient and environment-friendly type dust suppressant and preparation method thereof, application
CN106986968A (en) * 2017-05-04 2017-07-28 山东科技大学 A kind of spray dust-arrest agent and method that macromolecule product is prepared based on graft copolymerization
CN107739593A (en) * 2017-10-19 2018-02-27 威海翔泽新材料科技有限公司 Biodegradable atmospheric dust inhibitor

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