CN109020319A - The preparation method of wall board material and wallboard - Google Patents

The preparation method of wall board material and wallboard Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109020319A
CN109020319A CN201810960552.5A CN201810960552A CN109020319A CN 109020319 A CN109020319 A CN 109020319A CN 201810960552 A CN201810960552 A CN 201810960552A CN 109020319 A CN109020319 A CN 109020319A
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China
Prior art keywords
wallboard
water
parts
cement
agent
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Application number
CN201810960552.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黎建文
姚强
龙腾
刘春宝
刘佳伟
刘付杰来
黎敬宗
黎梁恩
王真
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Guangdong Changsheng Construction Technology Co Ltd
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Guangdong Changsheng Construction Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810960552.5A priority Critical patent/CN109020319A/en
Publication of CN109020319A publication Critical patent/CN109020319A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B7/00Moulds; Cores; Mandrels
    • B28B7/38Treating surfaces of moulds, cores, or mandrels to prevent sticking
    • B28B7/384Treating agents
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B7/00Moulds; Cores; Mandrels
    • B28B7/38Treating surfaces of moulds, cores, or mandrels to prevent sticking
    • B28B7/388Treating surfaces of moulds, cores, or mandrels to prevent sticking with liquid material, e.g. lubricating
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/02Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing hydraulic cements other than calcium sulfates
    • C04B28/04Portland cements
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M169/00Lubricating compositions characterised by containing as components a mixture of at least two types of ingredient selected from base-materials, thickeners or additives, covered by the preceding groups, each of these compounds being essential
    • C10M169/04Mixtures of base-materials and additives
    • C10M169/047Mixtures of base-materials and additives the additives being a mixture of compounds of unknown or incompletely defined constitution and macromolecular compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2201/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values
    • C04B2201/30Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for heat transfer properties such as thermal insulation values, e.g. R-values
    • C04B2201/32Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for heat transfer properties such as thermal insulation values, e.g. R-values for the thermal conductivity, e.g. K-factors
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2201/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values
    • C04B2201/50Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for the mechanical strength
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2203/00Organic non-macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds and hydrocarbon fractions as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2203/10Petroleum or coal fractions, e.g. tars, solvents, bitumen
    • C10M2203/1006Petroleum or coal fractions, e.g. tars, solvents, bitumen used as base material
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2229/00Organic macromolecular compounds containing atoms of elements not provided for in groups C10M2205/00, C10M2209/00, C10M2213/00, C10M2217/00, C10M2221/00 or C10M2225/00 as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2229/04Siloxanes with specific structure
    • C10M2229/041Siloxanes with specific structure containing aliphatic substituents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2229/00Organic macromolecular compounds containing atoms of elements not provided for in groups C10M2205/00, C10M2209/00, C10M2213/00, C10M2217/00, C10M2221/00 or C10M2225/00 as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2229/04Siloxanes with specific structure
    • C10M2229/05Siloxanes with specific structure containing atoms other than silicon, hydrogen, oxygen or carbon
    • C10M2229/052Siloxanes with specific structure containing atoms other than silicon, hydrogen, oxygen or carbon containing nitrogen
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10NINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS C10M RELATING TO LUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS
    • C10N2040/00Specified use or application for which the lubricating composition is intended
    • C10N2040/36Release agents or mold release agents

Abstract

The present invention relates to the preparation method of a kind of wall board material and wallboard, wall board material includes the component of following weight percentage: haydite 5%~12%;Cement 12%~22%;Sand 36%~48%;Complex accelerator 0.03%~1.3%;Additive 1%~5%;Water 15%~25%;The complex accelerator is made of triethanolamine and sodium sulphate.Sodium sulphate be dissolved in the water with hydrated cementitious generate calcium hydroxide reaction, generate calcium oxide and calcium sulfate, hydrated calcium aluminate sulfate is generated with the tricalcium aluminate rapid reaction in cement, the presence of triethanolamine can be such that the activity of the generated colloid of hydrated cementitious reinforces, pressure is generated to surrounding, block capillary channel, aggravation absorption, the effect of wet and particle dispersion etc., catalytic action is played with reacting for cement to sodium sulphate, keep early strong effect especially pronounced, the raising of cement setting hardening and early strength, it is not easy to crack, and the content by controlling each component makes wallboard have intensity high, heat-resisting good characteristic, and then improve the practicability of wallboard of the present invention.

Description

The preparation method of wall board material and wallboard
Technical field
The present invention relates to construction craft technology fields, more particularly to the preparation method of wall board material and wallboard.
Background technique
With the progress of Building technology, nowadays prefabricated wallboard gradually replaces past scene to pile up operation.In life Produce workshop in by grouting and mold form to obtain prefabricated wallboard, then spliced and combined in construction site, at present these There are mainly two types of purposes for prefabricated wallboard: the first is to be spliced into indoor dividing wall;Second is to be spliced into outdoor enclosure wall. This kind of prefabricated wallboard splicing when, using on wallboard raised line or groove as stitching section, realize between adjacent wallboard Splicing.
Currently, traditional common intensity of light ceramic wallboard is low, layering in wallboard, or even there is the problem of cracking, peel off. So how to prepare the problem of wallboard that intensity is high, not easy to crack is current urgent need to resolve.
Summary of the invention
Based on this, the present invention provides a kind of wall board material, and manufactured wallboard has intensity high, heat-resisting, not easy to crack Feature.
A kind of wall board material, the component including following weight percentage:
The complex accelerator is made of triethanolamine and sodium sulphate.
Above-mentioned wall board material, sodium sulphate be dissolved in the water with hydrated cementitious generate calcium hydroxide reaction, generate calcium oxide And the tricalcium aluminate rapid reaction in calcium sulfate, with cement generates hydrated calcium aluminate sulfate, the presence of triethanolamine can make cement water The activity for changing generated colloid is reinforced, and generates pressure to surrounding, blocks capillary channel, aggravation absorption, the dispersion of wet and particle Deng effect, catalytic action is played with reacting for cement to sodium sulphate, keeps early strong effect especially pronounced, cement setting hardening and early The raising of phase intensity, it is not easy to crack, and the content by controlling each component makes wallboard have intensity height, heat-resisting good characteristic, into And improve the practicability of wallboard of the present invention.
The mass ratio of triethanolamine and sodium sulphate is 1:1~3 in complex accelerator in one of the embodiments,.
The partial size of haydite is 3mm~12mm in one of the embodiments,.
Additive is selected from one or more of water-retaining agent, water-reducing agent and foaming agent in one of the embodiments,.
The present invention also provides a kind of preparation methods of wallboard, and according to material property, the technique for having formulated optimization makes to obtain High, heat-resisting, the not easy to crack wallboard of intensity.
A kind of preparation method of wallboard, comprising the following steps:
Weight percentage takes following components: haydite 5%~12%, cement 12%~22%, sand 36%~ 48%, complex accelerator 0.03%~1.3%, additive 1%~5%, water 15%~25%;
Cement, sand are mixed, then stirring sequentially adds water, complex accelerator, additive, continues to stir, pottery is added Grain, stirs evenly, and obtains slurry;
Molding die is provided, release agent is sprayed in the inner sidewall of mold, injects slurry, be inserted into several steel cores, squeeze out Molding obtains wet base wallboard, stands 3~5 hours;
Wet base wallboard after standing is subjected to level-one maintenance, reaches core pulling intensity to wet base wallboard, several steel cores is extracted out, Second level maintenance is carried out, type is completely solidified into wallboard, deviates from mold, obtain finished product.
After obtaining the finished product in one of the embodiments, also progress three-level maintenance carries out at Pressurized-heated finished product Reason, pressure are 1.3~2.1Mpa, and temperature is 195 DEG C~205 DEG C, and conserving is 5~6 hours.
Level-one maintenance in one of the embodiments, is atmospheric steam curing, is warming up to 40 DEG C~45 DEG C, humidity 85%~ 95%, it is kept for 8~12 hours, is then cooled to room temperature.
Second level maintenance is minute-pressure steam curing in one of the embodiments, and pressure is 0.2~0.5Mpa, temperature 60 C ~70 DEG C, humidity 70%~85% is kept for 4~6 hours.
Release agent comprises the following components in parts by weight in one of the embodiments:
2.5~6 parts of machine oil;
12~18 parts of suds;
10~18 parts of composite modified silicone oil;
The composite modified silicone oil is made of alkyl modified silicon oil and amido silicon oil.
In one of the embodiments, in composite modified silicone oil the mass ratio of alkyl modified silicon oil and amido silicon oil be 5~ 10:2~3.
Specific embodiment
It to facilitate the understanding of the present invention, below will be to invention is more fully described.But the present invention can be to be permitted Mostly different form is realized, however it is not limited to embodiment described herein.On the contrary, purpose of providing these embodiments is makes It is more thorough and comprehensive to the understanding of the disclosure.
Unless otherwise defined, all technical and scientific terms used herein and belong to technical field of the invention The normally understood meaning of technical staff is identical.Term as used herein in the specification of the present invention is intended merely to description tool The purpose of the embodiment of body, it is not intended that in the limitation present invention.
The present invention provides a kind of wall board material, the component including following weight percentage: haydite 5%~12%, such as Can be, but be not limited to 5%, 5.3%, 5.5%, 6%, 6.4%, 6.6%, 7%, 7.5%, 8%, 8.3%, 9%, 9.5%, 10% or 12% etc.;Cement 12%~22%, such as can be, but be not limited to 12%, 13%, 14%, 15%, 16%, 17%, 18%, 19%, 20% or 22% etc.;Sand 36%~48%, such as can be, but be not limited to 36%, 38%, 39%, 40%, 41%, 42%, 43%, 44%, 45%, 46%, 47% or 48% etc.;Complex accelerator 0.03%~1.3%, such as can be with For, but be not limited to 0.03%, 0.08%, 0.1%, 0.3%, 0.5%, 0.7%, 0.9%, 1.0%, 1.1%, 1.2% or 1.3% etc.;Additive 1%~5%, such as can be, but be not limited to 1%, 1.2%, 1.5%, 1.8%, 2%, 2.2%, 2.6%, 3%, 3.3%, 3.5%, 3.7%, 4%, 4.1%, 4.5%, 4.8% or 5% etc.;Water 15%~25%, such as can Think, but is not limited to 15%, 16%, 17%, 18%, 19%, 20%, 21%, 22%, 23%, 24% or 25% etc..Compound morning Strong agent is made of triethanolamine and sodium sulphate.
Sodium sulphate is dissolved in the water the calcium hydroxide reaction generated with hydrated cementitious, calcium oxide and calcium sulfate is generated, with water Tricalcium aluminate rapid reaction in mud generates hydrated calcium aluminate sulfate, and the presence of triethanolamine can make the generated colloid of hydrated cementitious Activity is reinforced, and generates pressure to surrounding, blocks capillary channel, the effect of aggravation absorption, the dispersion of wet and particle etc., to sulfuric acid Sodium plays catalytic action with reacting for cement, keeps early strong effect especially pronounced, the raising of cement setting hardening and early strength, no It is easy to crack, and the content by controlling each component makes wallboard have intensity height, heat-resisting good characteristic, and then improves wallboard of the present invention Practicability.
In one embodiment, cement uses portland cement, and the component of portland cement contains tricalcium silicate, silicic acid two Calcium, tricalcium aluminate, tetra calcium aluminoferrite.
In one embodiment, the mass ratio of triethanolamine and sodium sulphate is 1:1~3, triethanolamine pair in complex accelerator The catalytic effect that sodium sulphate is reacted with cement is preferable.
In one embodiment, the partial size of haydite is 3mm~12mm, and the haydite mobility of this partial size is good, is conducive to preparation process Operation.
In one embodiment, additive is selected from one or more of water-retaining agent, water-reducing agent and foaming agent, such as additive Can for water-retaining agent, water-reducing agent, foaming agent, water-retaining agent and the mixing of water-reducing agent, the mixing of water-retaining agent and foaming agent, water-reducing agent with The mixing or water-retaining agent of foaming agent, the mixing of water-reducing agent and foaming agent.Water-retaining agent selects hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, diminishing High performance water reducing agent of polyocarboxy acid is selected in agent.Foaming agent selects lauryl sodium sulfate or sodium sulfate of polyethenoxy ether of fatty alcohol.
When additive is water-retaining agent and water-reducing agent, the mass ratio of water-retaining agent and water-reducing agent is 1~3:2~4.Work as additive For water-reducing agent and foaming agent mixing when, the mass ratio of water-reducing agent and foaming agent is 0.6~1.2:1.When additive be water-retaining agent, When the mixing of water-reducing agent and foaming agent, the mass ratio of water-retaining agent, water-reducing agent and foaming agent is 1~2:2~4:1.
The preparation method of above-mentioned wallboard, comprising the following steps:
Weight percentage takes following components: haydite 5%~12%, cement 12%~22%, sand 36%~ 48%, complex accelerator 0.03%~1.3%, additive 1%~5%, water 15%~25%;
Cement, sand are mixed, then stirring sequentially adds water, complex accelerator, additive, continues to stir, pottery is added Grain, stirs evenly, and obtains slurry.
Molding die is provided, release agent is sprayed in the inner sidewall of mold, injects slurry, be inserted into several steel cores, squeeze out Molding obtains wet base wallboard, stands 3~5 hours, is generally stored at room temperature.
In one embodiment, release agent is comprised the following components in parts by weight: 2.5~6 parts of machine oil, such as can be, but not Be limited to 2.5 parts, 3 parts, 3.2 parts, 3.5 parts, 3.7 parts, 4 parts, 4.2 parts, 4.3 parts, 4.6 parts, 4.8 parts, 5 parts, 5.1 parts, 5.3 parts, 5.5 parts, 5.7 parts, 5.9 parts or 6 parts etc.;12~18 parts of suds, such as can be, but be not limited to 12 parts, 12.5 parts, 13 parts, 13.5 parts, 14 parts, 14.5 parts, 15 parts, 15.5 parts, 16 parts, 16.5 parts, 17 parts, 17.5 parts or 18 parts etc.;Composite modified silicone oil 10 ~18 parts, such as can be, but be not limited to 10 parts, 11 parts, 12 parts, 13 parts, 14 parts, 15 parts, 16 parts, 17 parts or 18 parts etc.;It is multiple Allocation modifier silicone oil is made of alkyl modified silicon oil and amido silicon oil.
Machine oil, i.e. engine lubricating oil are commercially available conventional machine oil.
Contain the ingredients such as fatty acid metal salts, foaming agent and synthesis interfacial agent, generally, fatty acid gold in suds Belong to the sodium salt that salt is carboxylic acid, such as odium stearate.
In one embodiment, the mass ratio of water and soap is 15~20:1~2, the mass ratio of water and soap in suds Such as can be, but be not limited to 15:1,15:2,16:1,16:2,17:1,17:1.5,17:2,18:1,18:1.5,18:2,19:1, 19:1.5,19:2 or 20:1.5 etc., gas release is appropriate, and synthesizes the connection of interfacial agent and machine oil, composite modified silicone oil Preferably, viscosity is suitable for degree.More preferably, the mass ratio of water and soap is selected as 17~19:1~2 in suds.
In one embodiment, in composite modified silicone oil the mass ratio of alkyl modified silicon oil and amido silicon oil be 5~10:2~ 3, the mass ratio of alkyl modified silicon oil and amido silicon oil such as can be, but be not limited to 5:2,5:3,6:2,6:2.5,6:3,7:2, 7:3,8:2,9:2.5 or 10:3 etc..Alkyl modified silicon oil can connect the hydrophobic group of synthesis interfacial agent, and amido silicon oil connection is closed Hydrophilic group and the ipsilateral arrangement of hydrone at interfacial agent, increase the flexibility of release agent, and alkyl modified silicon oil and amino Silicone oil mixes for the same sex, is compounded using alkyl modified silicon oil with amido silicon oil, increases the binding force of micel, and then increases de- The mass ratio of mould and lubricity, alkyl modified silicon oil and amido silicon oil is 5~10:2~3, and effect is preferable.Optimally, it compounds The mass ratio of alkyl modified silicon oil and amido silicon oil is selected as 6~8:2 in modified silicon oil.
Machine oil, silicone oil and water are connected by synthesis interfacial agent, forms biggish micel, and formed by foaming agent Suitable foam volume forms thicker demoulding separation layer, makes to have the effect of buffering and being isolated between template and wallboard, machine oil and The synergistic effect of composite modified silicone oil has good release property, wherein fatty acid metal salts and amido silicon oil in suds Stripping result, and the adsorptivity of amido silicon oil and the collective effect for synthesizing interfacial agent are enhanced, so that in demoulding, it will Machine oil is taken away, will not leave behind oil mark, and since the presence of suds, machine oil will not be layered with water, does not also have the phenomenon that floating oil, surely It is qualitative good, it can keep using for a long time.
Wet base wallboard after standing is subjected to level-one maintenance, level-one maintenance is atmospheric steam curing, is warming up to 40 DEG C~45 DEG C, the speed of heating is 5~10 DEG C/h, and humidity 85%~95% is kept for 8~12 hours at 40 DEG C~45 DEG C, to wet base wall Plate reaches core pulling intensity, and several steel cores are extracted out.Level-one maintenance hardens wet base wallboard tentatively, and has for second level maintenance preheating Effect, so that wallboard is not caused to shrink because of quick-hardening and excessive is led to the problem of cracking.
Then carry out second level maintenance, second level maintenance be minute-pressure steam curing, pressure be 0.2~0.5Mpa, temperature 60 C~ 70 DEG C, the speed of heating is 5~10 DEG C/h, humidity 70%~85%, keeps 4~6 hours at temperature 60 C~70 DEG C, then It is cooled to room temperature, the speed of cooling is 5~10 DEG C/h.After extracting steel core out, several hole slots, the pressure of second level maintenance are formed in the middle part of wallboard Power and temperature are transmitted to the inside of wallboard from the outer surface of wallboard and the inner wall of hole slot, accelerate wallboard setting rate, reach as early as possible The requirement of hardness is demoulded, yield is improved.It is completely solidified into type to wallboard, deviates from mold, obtains finished product.
In one embodiment, after obtaining finished product, also progress three-level maintenance carries out Pressurized-heated processing to finished product, and pressure is 1.3~2.1Mpa, temperature are 195 DEG C~205 DEG C, and conserving is 5~6 hours.To wallboard carry out Pressurized-heated processing, 5~6 hours Just it can achieve the effect that nature making condition lower 28 days, speed can also be accelerated while reducing cost, and pass through high-pressure steaming and cultivating Wallboard can also reduce drying shrinkage value with respect to natural conditions maintenance, reduce later period cracking risk.
The preparation method of above-mentioned wallboard is the characteristic according to material, and the technique for having formulated optimization keeps acquisition intensity high, resistance to Wallboard hot, not easy to crack.
The following are embodiments to illustrate.
It should be noted that the specification of machine oil is SAE15W-40;Suds are to found white laundry soap using use to be dissolved in What water was formed.
Embodiment 1
The wall board material of the present embodiment includes the component of following weight percentage: haydite 5%;Cement 20%;Sand 47%; Complex accelerator 0.8%;Additive 4%;Water 23.2%.
Complex accelerator is made of triethanolamine and sodium sulphate, the mass ratio of triethanolamine and sodium sulphate in complex accelerator For 1:2.
The partial size of haydite is 3mm~5mm.
Additive is water-retaining agent and water-reducing agent, and water-retaining agent selects hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, and water-reducing agent selects polycarboxylic acids high The mass ratio of performance water-reducing agent, hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose and high performance water reducing agent of polyocarboxy acid is 1:2.
The preparation method of above-mentioned wallboard, comprising the following steps:
By said ratio, following components is taken: haydite, cement, sand, complex accelerator, water-retaining agent, water-reducing agent, water.
Cement, sand are mixed, then stirring sequentially adds water, complex accelerator, water-retaining agent, water-reducing agent, continues to stir, Haydite is added, stirs evenly, obtains slurry.
Molding die is provided, release agent is sprayed in the inner sidewall of mold, injects slurry, be inserted into several steel cores, squeeze out Molding, obtains wet base wallboard, is stored at room temperature 4 hours.
Release agent comprises the following components in parts by weight: 6 parts of machine oil;17 parts of suds;12 parts of composite modified silicone oil.Suds The mass ratio of middle water and soap is 18:1.Composite modified silicone oil is made of Long carbon chain alkyl modified silicon oil with amido silicon oil, long carbon The mass ratio of alkyl group modified silicon oil and amido silicon oil is 10:3.
Wet base wallboard after standing is subjected to level-one maintenance, level-one maintenance is atmospheric steam curing, is warming up to 45 DEG C, heating Speed be 10 DEG C/h, humidity 90%~95% keeps for 10 hours at temperature 45 C, reach core pulling intensity to wet base wallboard, Several steel cores are extracted out.
Then carry out second level maintenance, second level maintenance be minute-pressure steam curing, pressure 0.3Mpa, 65 DEG C of temperature, heating Speed is 10 DEG C/h, and humidity 80%~85% is kept for 4 hours at 65 DEG C of temperature, is then cooled to room temperature, and the speed of cooling is 8 DEG C/h, it is completely solidified into type to wallboard, deviates from mold, obtains finished product.
Three-level maintenance is carried out to finished product, carries out Pressurized-heated processing, pressure 1.3Mpa, temperature is 195 DEG C, and conserving is 5 Hour.
Embodiment 2
The wall board material of the present embodiment includes the component of following weight percentage: haydite 9%;Cement 15%;Sand 48%; Complex accelerator 0.05%;Additive 5%;Water 22.95%.
Complex accelerator is made of triethanolamine and sodium sulphate, the mass ratio of triethanolamine and sodium sulphate in complex accelerator For 1:1.5.
The partial size of haydite is 5mm~8mm.
Additive is water-retaining agent and water-reducing agent, and water-retaining agent selects hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, and water-reducing agent selects polycarboxylic acids high The mass ratio of performance water-reducing agent, hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose and high performance water reducing agent of polyocarboxy acid is 1:3.
The preparation method of above-mentioned wallboard, comprising the following steps:
By said ratio, following components is taken: haydite, cement, sand, complex accelerator, water-retaining agent, water-reducing agent, water;
Cement, sand are mixed, then stirring sequentially adds water, complex accelerator, water-retaining agent, water-reducing agent, continues to stir, Haydite is added, stirs evenly, obtains slurry.
Molding die is provided, release agent is sprayed in the inner sidewall of mold, injects slurry, be inserted into several steel cores, squeeze out Molding, obtains wet base wallboard, is stored at room temperature 5 hours.
Release agent comprises the following components in parts by weight: 6 parts of machine oil;17 parts of suds;12 parts of composite modified silicone oil.Suds The mass ratio of middle water and soap is 18:1.Composite modified silicone oil is made of Long carbon chain alkyl modified silicon oil with amido silicon oil, long carbon The mass ratio of alkyl group modified silicon oil and amido silicon oil is 10:3.
Wet base wallboard after standing is subjected to level-one maintenance, level-one maintenance is atmospheric steam curing, is warming up to 43 DEG C, heating Speed be 8 DEG C/h, humidity 85%~90% keeps for 12 hours at 43 DEG C, reaches core pulling intensity to wet base wallboard, will be several Steel core extraction.
Then carry out second level maintenance, second level maintenance be minute-pressure steam curing, pressure 0.2Mpa, 66 DEG C of temperature, heating Speed is 8 DEG C/h, and humidity 70%~75% is kept for 6 hours at 66 DEG C of temperature, is then cooled to room temperature, and the speed of cooling is 8 DEG C/h, it is completely solidified into type to wallboard, deviates from mold, obtains finished product.
Three-level maintenance is carried out to finished product, carries out Pressurized-heated processing, pressure 1.5Mpa, temperature is 200 DEG C, conserves and is 5.5 hour.
Embodiment 3
The wall board material of the present embodiment includes the component of following weight percentage: haydite 10%;Cement 18%;Sand 45%;Complex accelerator 1.3%;Additive 5%;Water 20.7%.
Complex accelerator is made of triethanolamine and sodium sulphate, the mass ratio of triethanolamine and sodium sulphate in complex accelerator For 1:3.
The partial size of haydite is 6mm~10mm.
Additive is water-reducing agent, and water-reducing agent selects high performance water reducing agent of polyocarboxy acid.
The preparation method of above-mentioned wallboard, comprising the following steps:
By said ratio, following components is taken: haydite, cement, sand, complex accelerator, water-reducing agent, water;
Cement, sand are mixed, then stirring sequentially adds water, complex accelerator, water-reducing agent, continues to stir, pottery is added Grain, stirs evenly, and obtains slurry.
Molding die is provided, release agent is sprayed in the inner sidewall of mold, injects slurry, be inserted into several steel cores, squeeze out Molding obtains wet base wallboard, stands 4.5 hours, is generally stored at room temperature.
Release agent comprises the following components in parts by weight: 6 parts of machine oil;17 parts of suds;12 parts of composite modified silicone oil.Suds The mass ratio of middle water and soap is 18:1.Composite modified silicone oil is made of Long carbon chain alkyl modified silicon oil with amido silicon oil, long carbon The mass ratio of alkyl group modified silicon oil and amido silicon oil is 10:3.
Wet base wallboard after standing is subjected to level-one maintenance, level-one maintenance is atmospheric steam curing, is warming up to 40 DEG C, heating Speed be 5 DEG C/h, humidity 90%~95% keeps for 9 hours at 40 DEG C, reaches core pulling intensity to wet base wallboard, will be several Steel core extraction.
Then carry out second level maintenance, second level maintenance be minute-pressure steam curing, pressure 0.4Mpa, 68 DEG C of temperature, heating Speed is 8 DEG C/h, and humidity 80%~85% is kept for 4 hours at 68 DEG C of temperature, is then cooled to room temperature, and the speed of cooling is 8 DEG C/h, it is completely solidified into type to wallboard, deviates from mold, obtains finished product.
Three-level maintenance is carried out to finished product, carries out Pressurized-heated processing, pressure 2.0Mpa, temperature is 195 DEG C, conserves and is 5.5 hour.
Embodiment 4
The wall board material of the present embodiment includes the component of following weight percentage: haydite 9%;Cement 20%;Sand 41%; Complex accelerator 1%;Additive 4%;Water 25%.
Complex accelerator is made of triethanolamine and sodium sulphate, the mass ratio of triethanolamine and sodium sulphate in complex accelerator For 1:1.
The partial size of haydite is 8mm~12mm.
Additive is water-retaining agent, and water-retaining agent selects hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose.
The preparation method of above-mentioned wallboard, comprising the following steps:
By said ratio, following components is taken: haydite, cement, sand, complex accelerator, water-retaining agent, water.
Cement, sand are mixed, then stirring sequentially adds water, complex accelerator, water-retaining agent, continues to stir, pottery is added Grain, stirs evenly, and obtains slurry.
Molding die is provided, release agent is sprayed in the inner sidewall of mold, injects slurry, be inserted into several steel cores, squeeze out Molding obtains wet base wallboard, stands 3 hours, is generally stored at room temperature.
Release agent comprises the following components in parts by weight: 6 parts of machine oil;17 parts of suds;12 parts of composite modified silicone oil.Suds The mass ratio of middle water and soap is 18:1.Composite modified silicone oil is made of Long carbon chain alkyl modified silicon oil with amido silicon oil, long carbon The mass ratio of alkyl group modified silicon oil and amido silicon oil is 10:3.
Wet base wallboard after standing is subjected to level-one maintenance, level-one maintenance is atmospheric steam curing, is warming up to 45 DEG C, heating Speed be 6 DEG C/h, humidity 85%~90% keeps for 10 hours at 45 DEG C, reaches core pulling intensity to wet base wallboard, will be several Steel core extraction.
Then carry out second level maintenance, second level maintenance be minute-pressure steam curing, pressure 0.4Mpa, temperature 70 C, heating Speed is 8 DEG C/h, and humidity 80%~85% is kept for 6 hours at temperature 70 C, is then cooled to room temperature, and the speed of cooling is 8 DEG C/h, it is completely solidified into type to wallboard, deviates from mold, obtains finished product.
After obtaining finished product, also progress three-level maintenance carries out Pressurized-heated processing, pressure 1.5Mpa to finished product, and temperature is 205 DEG C, conserving is 5 hours.
Embodiment 5
The wall board material of the present embodiment includes the component of following weight percentage: haydite 7%;Cement 18%;Sand 47%; Complex accelerator 1.2%;Additive 2%;Water 24.8%.
Complex accelerator is made of triethanolamine and sodium sulphate, the mass ratio of triethanolamine and sodium sulphate in complex accelerator For 1:2.5.
The partial size of haydite is 9mm~12mm.
Additive is water-retaining agent and water-reducing agent, and water-retaining agent selects hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, and water-reducing agent selects polycarboxylic acids high The mass ratio of performance water-reducing agent, hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose and high performance water reducing agent of polyocarboxy acid is 3:4.
The preparation method of above-mentioned wallboard, comprising the following steps:
By said ratio, following components is taken: haydite, cement, sand, complex accelerator, water-retaining agent, water-reducing agent, water.
Cement, sand are mixed, then stirring sequentially adds water, complex accelerator, water-retaining agent, water-reducing agent, continues to stir, Haydite is added, stirs evenly, obtains slurry.
Molding die is provided, release agent is sprayed in the inner sidewall of mold, injects slurry, be inserted into several steel cores, squeeze out Molding, obtains wet base wallboard, is stored at room temperature 3 hours.
Release agent comprises the following components in parts by weight: 6 parts of machine oil;17 parts of suds;12 parts of composite modified silicone oil.Suds The mass ratio of middle water and soap is 18:1.Composite modified silicone oil is made of Long carbon chain alkyl modified silicon oil with amido silicon oil, long carbon The mass ratio of alkyl group modified silicon oil and amido silicon oil is 10:3.
Wet base wallboard after standing is subjected to level-one maintenance, level-one maintenance is atmospheric steam curing, is warming up to 45 DEG C, heating Speed be 9 DEG C/h, humidity 93%~95% keeps for 10 hours at 45 DEG C, reaches core pulling intensity to wet base wallboard, will be several Steel core extraction.
Then carry out second level maintenance, second level maintenance be minute-pressure steam curing, pressure 0.5Mpa, 65 DEG C of temperature, heating Speed is 10 DEG C/h, and humidity 83%~85% is kept for 5 hours at 65 DEG C of temperature, is then cooled to room temperature, and the speed of cooling is 10 DEG C/h, it is completely solidified into type to wallboard, deviates from mold, obtains finished product.
After finished product, also progress three-level maintenance carries out Pressurized-heated processing, pressure 1.5Mpa, temperature 198 to finished product DEG C, conserving is 5 hours.
Embodiment 6
The wall board material of the present embodiment includes the component of following weight percentage: haydite 12%;Cement 21%;Sand 36%;Complex accelerator 1%;Additive 5%;Water 25%.
Complex accelerator is made of triethanolamine and sodium sulphate, the mass ratio of triethanolamine and sodium sulphate in complex accelerator For 1:1.5.
The partial size of haydite is 6mm~7mm.
Additive is water-retaining agent, water-reducing agent and foaming agent, and water-retaining agent selects hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, and water-reducing agent is selected poly- Carboxylic acid high-performance water reducing agent, foaming agent select lauryl sodium sulfate, hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, high performance water reducing agent of polyocarboxy acid Mass ratio with lauryl sodium sulfate is 1:3:1.
The preparation method of above-mentioned wallboard, comprising the following steps:
By said ratio, following components is taken: haydite, cement, sand, complex accelerator, water-retaining agent, water-reducing agent, water.
Cement, sand are mixed, then stirring sequentially adds water, complex accelerator, water-retaining agent, water-reducing agent, continues to stir, Haydite is added, stirs evenly, obtains slurry.
Molding die is provided, release agent is sprayed in the inner sidewall of mold, injects slurry, be inserted into several steel cores, squeeze out Molding, obtains wet base wallboard, is stored at room temperature 3 hours.
Release agent comprises the following components in parts by weight: 6 parts of machine oil;17 parts of suds;12 parts of composite modified silicone oil.Suds The mass ratio of middle water and soap is 18:1.Composite modified silicone oil is made of Long carbon chain alkyl modified silicon oil with amido silicon oil, long carbon The mass ratio of alkyl group modified silicon oil and amido silicon oil is 10:3.
Wet base wallboard after standing is subjected to level-one maintenance, level-one maintenance is atmospheric steam curing, is warming up to 42 DEG C, heating Speed be 8 DEG C/h, humidity 93%~95% keeps for 12 hours at 45 DEG C, reaches core pulling intensity to wet base wallboard, will be several Steel core extraction.
Then carry out second level maintenance, second level maintenance be minute-pressure steam curing, pressure 0.3Mpa, 65 DEG C of temperature, heating Speed is 10 DEG C/h, and humidity 83%~85% is kept for 5 hours at 65 DEG C of temperature, is then cooled to room temperature, and the speed of cooling is 10 DEG C/h, it is completely solidified into type to wallboard, deviates from mold, obtains finished product.
After finished product, also progress three-level maintenance carries out Pressurized-heated processing, pressure 1.5Mpa, temperature 198 to finished product DEG C, conserving is 5 hours.
Embodiment 7
The wall board material of the present embodiment includes the component of following weight percentage: haydite 11%;Cement 22%;Sand 45%;Complex accelerator 1%;Additive 5%;Water 16%.
Complex accelerator is made of triethanolamine and sodium sulphate, the mass ratio of triethanolamine and sodium sulphate in complex accelerator For 1:1.5.
The partial size of haydite is 9mm~12mm.
Additive is water-retaining agent and water-reducing agent, and water-retaining agent selects hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, and water-reducing agent selects polycarboxylic acids high The mass ratio of performance water-reducing agent, hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose and high performance water reducing agent of polyocarboxy acid is 3:4.
The preparation method of above-mentioned wallboard, comprising the following steps:
By said ratio, following components is taken: haydite, cement, sand, complex accelerator, water-retaining agent, water-reducing agent, water.
Cement, sand are mixed, then stirring sequentially adds water, complex accelerator, water-retaining agent, water-reducing agent, continues to stir, Haydite is added, stirs evenly, obtains slurry.
Molding die is provided, release agent is sprayed in the inner sidewall of mold, injects slurry, be inserted into several steel cores, squeeze out Molding, obtains wet base wallboard, is stored at room temperature 3 hours.
Release agent comprises the following components in parts by weight: 5 parts of machine oil;16 parts of suds;13 parts of composite modified silicone oil.Suds The mass ratio of middle water and soap is 16:1.Composite modified silicone oil is made of Long carbon chain alkyl modified silicon oil with amido silicon oil, long carbon The mass ratio of alkyl group modified silicon oil and amido silicon oil is 10:3.
Wet base wallboard after standing is subjected to level-one maintenance, level-one maintenance is atmospheric steam curing, is warming up to 45 DEG C, heating Speed be 6 DEG C/h, humidity 90%~93% keeps for 10 hours at 43 DEG C, reaches core pulling intensity to wet base wallboard, will be several Steel core extraction.
Then carry out second level maintenance, second level maintenance be minute-pressure steam curing, pressure 0.5Mpa, 62 DEG C of temperature, heating Speed is 10 DEG C/h, and humidity 83%~85% is kept for 6 hours at temperature 60 C, is then cooled to room temperature, and the speed of cooling is 10 DEG C/h, it is completely solidified into type to wallboard, deviates from mold, obtains finished product.
After finished product, also progress three-level maintenance carries out Pressurized-heated processing, pressure 1.8Mpa, temperature 200 to finished product DEG C, conserving is 6 hours.
The wallboard of Example 1 to 7 carries out performance detection, testing result such as table 1 according to JG/T 169-2016.
Table 1
By above-mentioned testing result it is found that wallboard shock resistance of the invention is good, compression strength is high, and heat transfer is lower, no It is easy to crack.
Each technical characteristic of embodiment described above can be combined arbitrarily, for simplicity of description, not to above-mentioned reality It applies all possible combination of each technical characteristic in example to be all described, as long as however, the combination of these technical characteristics is not deposited In contradiction, all should be considered as described in this specification.
The embodiments described above only express several embodiments of the present invention, and the description thereof is more specific and detailed, but simultaneously It cannot therefore be construed as limiting the scope of the patent.It should be pointed out that coming for those of ordinary skill in the art It says, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, various modifications and improvements can be made, these belong to protection of the invention Range.Therefore, the scope of protection of the patent of the invention shall be subject to the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of wall board material, which is characterized in that the component including following weight percentage:
The complex accelerator is made of triethanolamine and sodium sulphate.
2. wall board material according to claim 1, which is characterized in that triethanolamine and sodium sulphate in the complex accelerator Mass ratio be 1:1~3.
3. wall board material according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the partial size of the haydite is 3mm~12mm.
4. wall board material according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the additive is selected from water-retaining agent, water-reducing agent and hair One or more of infusion.
5. a kind of preparation method of wallboard, which comprises the following steps:
Weight percentage takes following components: haydite 5%~12%, sand 36%~48%, is answered at cement 12%~22% Close early strength agent 0.03%~1.3%, additive 1%~5%, water 15%~25%;
Cement, sand are mixed, then stirring sequentially adds water, complex accelerator, additive, continues to stir, haydite is added, stirs It mixes uniformly, obtains slurry;
Molding die is provided, release agent is sprayed in the inner sidewall of mold, injects slurry, be inserted into several steel cores, extrusion molding, Obtain wet base wallboard;
Wet base wallboard is subjected to level-one maintenance, reaches core pulling intensity to wet base wallboard, several steel cores is extracted out, second level is carried out and supports Shield is completely solidified into type to wallboard, deviates from mold, obtains finished product.
6. the preparation method of wallboard according to claim 5, which is characterized in that after obtaining the finished product, also carry out three-level Maintenance carries out Pressurized-heated processing to finished product, and pressure is 1.3~2.1Mpa, and temperature is 195~205 DEG C, is conserved small for 5~6 When.
7. the preparation method of wallboard according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the level-one maintenance is supported for atmospheric steam Shield, is warming up to 40 DEG C~45 DEG C, and humidity 85%~95% is kept for 8~12 hours, is then cooled to room temperature.
8. the preparation method of wallboard according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the second level maintenance is that minute-pressure steam is supported Shield, pressure are 0.2~0.5Mpa, temperature 60 C~70 DEG C, humidity 70%~85%, holding 4~6 hours.
9. the preparation method of wallboard according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the release agent includes following parts by weight Component:
2.5~6 parts of machine oil;
12~18 parts of suds;
10~18 parts of composite modified silicone oil;
The composite modified silicone oil is made of alkyl modified silicon oil and amido silicon oil.
10. the preparation method of wallboard according to claim 9, which is characterized in that alkyl changes in the composite modified silicone oil Property silicone oil and amido silicon oil mass ratio be 5~10:2~3.
CN201810960552.5A 2018-08-22 2018-08-22 The preparation method of wall board material and wallboard Pending CN109020319A (en)

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