CN108855618A - A kind of high-efficiency electrostatic dust remover - Google Patents

A kind of high-efficiency electrostatic dust remover Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108855618A
CN108855618A CN201710334725.8A CN201710334725A CN108855618A CN 108855618 A CN108855618 A CN 108855618A CN 201710334725 A CN201710334725 A CN 201710334725A CN 108855618 A CN108855618 A CN 108855618A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
dust
wire frame
removing box
anode plate
anode
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201710334725.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王晨
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Individual
Original Assignee
Individual
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to CN201710334725.8A priority Critical patent/CN108855618A/en
Publication of CN108855618A publication Critical patent/CN108855618A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/005Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by heat treatment
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/46Removing components of defined structure
    • B01D53/66Ozone
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C3/00Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapour, e.g. air, by electrostatic effect
    • B03C3/02Plant or installations having external electricity supply
    • B03C3/04Plant or installations having external electricity supply dry type
    • B03C3/09Plant or installations having external electricity supply dry type characterised by presence of stationary flat electrodes arranged with their flat surfaces at right angles to the gas stream
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C3/00Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapour, e.g. air, by electrostatic effect
    • B03C3/34Constructional details or accessories or operation thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C3/00Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapour, e.g. air, by electrostatic effect
    • B03C3/34Constructional details or accessories or operation thereof
    • B03C3/74Cleaning the electrodes
    • B03C3/76Cleaning the electrodes by using a mechanical vibrator, e.g. rapping gear ; by using impact
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2256/00Main component in the product gas stream after treatment
    • B01D2256/12Oxygen
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2258/00Sources of waste gases
    • B01D2258/02Other waste gases

Abstract

A kind of high-efficiency electrostatic dust remover.It is related to dedusting technology field, especially relates to high-efficiency electrostatic dust remover.Compact-sized, low energy consumption, high dust collection efficiency.Including dust-removing box, the two sides of dust-removing box are respectively equipped with air inlet and air outlet, and the bottom surface of dust-removing box is equipped with aggregate bin, is equipped with dust-extraction unit in dust-removing box, dust-extraction unit includes cathode wire frame and anode wire frame, and cathode wire frame is connect with dust-removing box inner wall respectively with anode wire frame;Cathode wire frame is arranged at the air inlet, and the top of cathode wire frame is equipped with the cathode line vibrator being connected on the dust-removing box, and cathode wire frame is equipped with several cathode lines;Anode plate framework is arranged at gas outlet, and the intermediate region of anode plate framework is equipped with anode plate vibrator, and anode plate framework is equipped with several anode plates, and several anode plates are uniform staggered with arrangement up and down.Topology layout is reasonable, and treatment effeciency is high, market prospects with higher.

Description

A kind of high-efficiency electrostatic dust remover
Technical field
The present invention relates to dedusting technology fields, especially relate to high-efficiency electrostatic dust remover.
Background technique
In places such as machine-building workshop, raw material crushing plant, powder supply lines, a large amount of dust is often generated, these The respiratory system of dust not only harmful to human, and adverse effect is also generated to equipment and environment.Now using coal as the factory of fuel, Power station etc. removes the intracorporal dust of gas by the way of electric precipitation.Electrostatic precipitation is by dusty gas by quilt when high-voltage electrostatic field It is electrically separated, on grit and anion junction belt after negative electricity, tends to anode surface electric discharge and deposit.
Representative patent in the prior art, the portion as State Bureau announced on October 19th, 2016 are entitled " a kind of electrode dust-extraction unit ", application No. is the Chinese invention patents of " CN201620363536.4 ".Including dust-removing box, dedusting The both ends of cabinet are respectively equipped with air inlet and outlet, and air inlet and outlet is horn shape, air inlet and outlet big end Portion is connected with the dust-removing box of respective side, is equipped with left and right symmetrical rolling bearing in dust-removing box, on rolling bearing Be separately installed with anode plate, cathode plate, anode plate, cathode plate obliquely downward further respectively have dust scraper, under each dust scraper The dust-removing box bottom of side is also connected with dust bucket, and the top of dust-removing box is equipped with power supply, driving motor.Actually answering With in the process, energy consumption is high, and volume is big, and using a period of time, scraper plate is easy to appear abrasion, directly affects the cleaning of two pole surfaces The problems such as spending, be easy to causeing efficiency of dust collection low.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is in view of the above problems, provide compact-sized, and low energy consumption, the electrode dust-extraction unit of high dust collection efficiency.
The technical scheme is that:Including dust-removing box, the two sides of the dust-removing box are respectively equipped with air inlet and go out The bottom surface of port, the dust-removing box is equipped with aggregate bin,
Dust-extraction unit is equipped in the dust-removing box, the dust-extraction unit includes cathode wire frame and anode wire frame, the yin Polar curve frame is connect with the dust-removing box inner wall respectively with the anode wire frame;
The cathode wire frame is arranged at the air inlet, and the top of the cathode wire frame, which is equipped with, is connected to the dust cleaning case Cathode line vibrator on body, the cathode wire frame are equipped with several cathode lines;
The anode plate framework is arranged at the gas outlet, and the intermediate region of the anode plate framework is equipped with anode plate rapping Device, the anode plate framework are equipped with several anode plates, and several anode plates are uniform staggered with arrangement up and down.
The anode plate is vertical or is inclined on the anode plate framework.
The air inlet be it is tubaeform, the air inlet be equipped with airflow-distribution board.
The gas outlet is equipped with unidirectional air outlet valve.
Dust content detector is equipped at the gas outlet.
The outer end of the gas outlet is equipped with high-temperature heating cavity.
The inner wall of the dust-removing box is equipped with several rotary bodies, and the rotary body is equipped with water inlet and several water outlets, institute It states water inlet to communicate with water tank, the water outlet is equipped with high-pressure nozzle.
Cathode line of the present invention is arranged at air inlet, can will enter the intracorporal dust laden air of dust cleaning case and adequately be ionized; Dust after being ionized passes through the anode plate being staggered up and down, and dust can all be fallen on anode plate;Anode plate and cathode line On dust can not only be cleared up by dust of the corresponding rapping apparatus to surface, but also can use the spray of rotation Head is comprehensively cleaned in dust-removing box, can be prevented from causing fugitive dust, be caused secondary pollution;Air or oxygen passes through electric discharge Gap, the excitation that oxygen molecule receives electronics obtains energy, and mutually mode elastic collision, aggregates into ozone molecule, so going out The end of port is provided with high-temperature heating cavity, handles the ozone of formation;Structure of the invention is rationally distributed, treatment effeciency Height, market prospects with higher.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of this practical embodiment one;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of this practical embodiment two;
1 is dust-removing box in figure, and air inlet when 2,3 be gas outlet, and 4 be anode line, and 41 be cathode line vibrator, and 42 be anode line Frame, 5 be anode plate, and 51 be anode plate vibrator, and 52 be anode plate framework, and 6 be aggregate bin, and 71 be rotary body, and 72 be high pressure Spray head, 8 be dust content detector, and 9 be baker.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment one
As shown in Figure 1, including dust-removing box, the two sides of the dust-removing box are respectively equipped with air inlet and air outlet, the dedusting The bottom surface of cabinet is equipped with aggregate bin, is equipped with dust-extraction unit in the dust-removing box, the dust-extraction unit include cathode wire frame and Anode wire frame, the cathode wire frame are connect with the dust-removing box inner wall respectively with the anode wire frame;
The cathode wire frame is arranged at the air inlet, and the top of the cathode wire frame, which is equipped with, is connected to the dust cleaning case Cathode line vibrator on body, the cathode wire frame are equipped with several cathode lines;
The anode plate framework is arranged at the gas outlet, and the intermediate region of the anode plate framework is equipped with anode plate vibrator, The anode plate framework is equipped with several anode plates, and several anode plates are uniform staggered with arrangement up and down;
The inner wall of the dust-removing box is equipped with several rotary bodies, and the rotary body is equipped with water inlet and several water outlets, it is described into The mouth of a river is communicated with water tank, and the water outlet is equipped with high-pressure nozzle.
Dusty gas enters dust-removing box, first the cathode wire frame by being positioned close to inlet port from air inlet; Cathode line equidistant radial arrangement on cathode wire frame, from when passing through between cathode line, dusty gas is ionized dusty gas, to The movement of anode plate setting direction;Anode plate is staggered up and down, is conducive to the land of dust, improves adsorbance.Dust absorption one It is quantitative, the dust removing effects of deduster are directly affected, need to clear up the dust in cathode line and anode plate, it is originally practical to pass through PLC controls anode plate vibrator and cathode line vibrator;The intermediate region of anode plate framework is arranged in anode plate vibrator, favorably In the land of absorption anode plate dust, the effect of rapping is improved;When without dedusting, using high-pressure nozzle in dust-removing box into The comprehensive flushing of row, improves the operational efficiency of deduster.Dust discharges from aggregate bin, and the bottom end of aggregate bin is equipped with outlet valve, Control the switch of discharge port.
Cathode line is set at air inlet, and the staggered anode plate of setting in dust cleaning case, device is suitble in dustiness ratio in this In the environment of lower or dust lighter weight;Using the form of this layout, the volume of device is advantageously reduced, reduces energy Consumption.
The anode plate is vertical or is inclined on the anode plate framework.
On the anode plate framework that anode plate can be vertically staggered up and down or tilted upward is staggered in anode plate On frame.
The air inlet be it is tubaeform, the air inlet be equipped with airflow-distribution board.
Tubaeform air inlet is conducive to steadily, adequately be ionized by cathode line into the intracorporal dusty gas of dust cleaning case.
The gas outlet is equipped with unidirectional air outlet valve.
Unidirectional air outlet valve, which is arranged, in gas outlet prevents dusty gas from entering from outlet port.
Dust content detector is equipped at the gas outlet.
Dust content detector carries out dustiness detection to the gas of gas outlet, if reaches discharge standard, according to detection Data anode line and anode plate are adjusted.
The outer end of the gas outlet is equipped with high-temperature heating cavity.
When dust-extraction unit is passed through high-voltage electricity, in discharging gap, uniformly rare royal purple color dot corona, air or oxygen are formed By discharging gap, the excitation that oxygen molecule receives electronics obtains energy, and mutually mode elastic collision, aggregates into ozone molecule; When ozone content is exceeded, to site operation personnel health's detrimental effect, using high-temperature heating cavity, to the sky of gas outlet discharge Gas is heated at high temperature, and when warm temperature reaches 60 degrees centigrade, ozone can be reduced into rapidly oxygen.Be heated at high temperature cavity with Gas outlet is to be detachably connected, and carries out adjunction according to the detection limit of discharge.
Embodiment two
As shown in Fig. 2, embodiment two on the basis of example 1 improves the arrangement of anode plate, dust-laden can be made Gas is more fully adsorbed on anode plate, the scheme used for:Vertical anode plate and top is inclined to air inlet direction Anode plate alternates setting, and the top of anode plate framework is arranged in vertical anode plate, and inclined anode plate is arranged in anode The bottom of plate framework, circuits sequentially and is uniformly arranged;Dust laden air first passes around vertical anode after cathode line is ionized Plate, part dust are adsorbed on the surface of anode plate, gap location of the dust not being adsorbed from vertical anode plate and dust-removing box Flow to inclined anode plate.The mode of embodiment anode plate setting, can be improved the filter efficiency and effect of dust laden air.

Claims (7)

1. the two sides of a kind of high-efficiency electrostatic dust remover, including dust-removing box, the dust-removing box are respectively equipped with air inlet and outlet Mouthful, the bottom surface of the dust-removing box is equipped with aggregate bin, which is characterized in that
Dust-extraction unit is equipped in the dust-removing box, the dust-extraction unit includes cathode wire frame and anode wire frame, the yin Polar curve frame is connect with the dust-removing box inner wall respectively with the anode wire frame;
The cathode wire frame is arranged at the air inlet, and the top of the cathode wire frame, which is equipped with, is connected to the dust cleaning case Cathode line vibrator on body, the cathode wire frame are equipped with several cathode lines;
The anode plate framework is arranged at the gas outlet, and the intermediate region of the anode plate framework is equipped with anode plate rapping Device, the anode plate framework are equipped with several anode plates, and several anode plates are uniform staggered with arrangement up and down.
2. a kind of high-efficient electrode deduster according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the anode plate is vertical or tilts It is arranged on the anode plate framework.
3. a kind of high-efficient electrode deduster according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the air inlet is tubaeform, institute Air inlet is stated equipped with airflow-distribution board.
4. a kind of high-efficient electrode deduster according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the gas outlet is equipped with unidirectional outlet Valve.
5. a kind of high-efficient electrode deduster according to claim 1, which is characterized in that contain at the gas outlet equipped with dust Measure detector.
6. a kind of high-efficient electrode deduster according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the outer end of the gas outlet is equipped with height Warm heating cavity.
7. a kind of high-efficient electrode deduster according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the inner wall of the dust-removing box is equipped with Several rotary bodies, the rotary body are equipped with water inlet and several water outlets, and the water inlet is communicated with water tank, and the water outlet is set There is high-pressure nozzle.
CN201710334725.8A 2017-05-12 2017-05-12 A kind of high-efficiency electrostatic dust remover Withdrawn CN108855618A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710334725.8A CN108855618A (en) 2017-05-12 2017-05-12 A kind of high-efficiency electrostatic dust remover

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710334725.8A CN108855618A (en) 2017-05-12 2017-05-12 A kind of high-efficiency electrostatic dust remover

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108855618A true CN108855618A (en) 2018-11-23

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710334725.8A Withdrawn CN108855618A (en) 2017-05-12 2017-05-12 A kind of high-efficiency electrostatic dust remover

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108855618A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109524900A (en) * 2018-12-03 2019-03-26 沈明华 A kind of communication base station installation equipment

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109524900A (en) * 2018-12-03 2019-03-26 沈明华 A kind of communication base station installation equipment

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WW01 Invention patent application withdrawn after publication
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Application publication date: 20181123