CN108825131A - A kind of portable drilling rig - Google Patents

A kind of portable drilling rig Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108825131A
CN108825131A CN201810815565.3A CN201810815565A CN108825131A CN 108825131 A CN108825131 A CN 108825131A CN 201810815565 A CN201810815565 A CN 201810815565A CN 108825131 A CN108825131 A CN 108825131A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
drilling
fixedly installed
motor
pedestal
rod
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810815565.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张俊
Original Assignee
张俊
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 张俊 filed Critical 张俊
Priority to CN201810815565.3A priority Critical patent/CN108825131A/en
Publication of CN108825131A publication Critical patent/CN108825131A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B19/00Handling rods, casings, tubes or the like outside the borehole, e.g. in the derrick; Apparatus for feeding the rods or cables
    • E21B19/08Apparatus for feeding the rods or cables; Apparatus for increasing or decreasing the pressure on the drilling tool; Apparatus for counterbalancing the weight of the rods
    • E21B19/081Screw-and-nut feed mechanisms
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B3/00Rotary drilling
    • E21B3/02Surface drives for rotary drilling
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B7/00Special methods or apparatus for drilling
    • E21B7/02Drilling rigs characterized by means for land transport with their own drive, e.g. skid mounting or wheel mounting
    • E21B7/024Drilling rigs characterized by means for land transport with their own drive, e.g. skid mounting or wheel mounting having means for adapting to inclined terrain; having means for stabilizing the vehicle while drilling
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B7/00Special methods or apparatus for drilling
    • E21B7/02Drilling rigs characterized by means for land transport with their own drive, e.g. skid mounting or wheel mounting
    • E21B7/027Drills for drilling shallow holes, e.g. for taking soil samples or for drilling postholes

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of portable drilling rigs,Including support frame,Drilling cramp,Feed mechanism and drilling mechanism,Support frame includes pedestal,Top plate and the support rod for being fixedly installed on two sides between pedestal and top plate,Two sides are respectively symmetrically fixedly installed a guiding axis between pedestal and top plate,Feed mechanism includes screw rod,Screw,First motor,Drive gear and transmission gear,Screw rod is symmetrically fixedly installed on two sides between pedestal and top plate,Screw is symmetrically fixedly installed on the two sides of drilling cramp,Driving gear is fixedly installed on the output shaft of first motor,Transmission gear is fixedly installed on screw rod,Drilling mechanism includes the second motor,Loop bar,Drilling rod and drill bit,Second motor is fixedly installed on drilling cramp,Loop bar is fixedly installed on the output shaft of the second motor,Drilling rod is set in loop bar,Drill bit thread is connected to the bottom end of loop bar and the top of drill bit and connect with drill rod thread,Operation of the present invention is simple,It is easy to use and easy to carry.

Description

A kind of portable drilling rig
Technical field
The present invention relates to Geophysical technique fields, and in particular to a kind of portable drilling rig.
Background technique
The abbreviation of engineering geophysics --- Engineering geophysical exploration, it is with the physical property of underground rock-soil layer (or geologic body) Based on difference, by the variation of Instrument observation nature or artificial physics field, the spatial range of underground geologic bodies is determined (size, shape, buried depth etc.) and the physical parameter that can measure Rock And Soil reaches a kind of physical prospecting side for solving geological problem Method, probing then as people when carrying out geological prospecting work a kind of common method.Currently, existing drilling rig is general For manual hand manipulation, when work, can not only have some potential safety problems, and working efficiency is also very low.Separately Outside, existing drilling rig stability when being worked is lower, and when drilling, drilling rod is very easy to be swung in hole, is not only held The damage of drilling rod and drill bit is easily led to, and will affect the quality sampled when probing, to influence the standard of Reconnaissance Survey data True property, it is extremely inconvenient.
Summary of the invention
(1) technical problems to be solved
In order to overcome the shortage of prior art, it is proposed that a kind of portable drilling rig, to solve to mention in above-mentioned background technique Out the problem of.
(2) technical solution
Of the invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:The invention proposes a kind of portable drilling rigs, including support Frame, drilling cramp, feed mechanism and drilling mechanism, support frame as described above include pedestal, top plate and are fixedly installed on pedestal and top plate Between two sides support rod, two sides are respectively symmetrically fixedly installed a guiding axis between the pedestal and top plate, on the pedestal It is provided with a through-hole, the two sides of the drilling cramp are sheathed on respectively on guiding axis and the drilling cramp can be along guiding axis length direction Free to slide, the feed mechanism includes screw rod, screw, first motor, driving gear and transmission gear, and the screw rod is logical It crosses bearing block and is respectively symmetrically fixedly installed on two sides between pedestal and top plate, the screw is respectively symmetrically fixedly installed on drilling cramp Two sides and the screw be threadedly connected on screw rod, the first motor is fixedly installed at the top of top plate, the driving gear Be fixedly installed on the output shaft of first motor, the transmission gear be fixedly installed on screw rod and the transmission gear and drive Moving gear engagement connection, the drilling mechanism include the second motor, loop bar, drilling rod and drill bit, and the second motor fixation is set It is placed on drilling cramp, the loop bar is fixedly installed on the output shaft of the second motor, and the drilling rod is set in loop bar, the brill Head thread is connected to the bottom end of loop bar and the top of the drill bit and connect with drill rod thread.
Furthermore, the base bottom is provided with universal wheel.
Furthermore, the pedestal two sides are respectively symmetrically hingedly connected with a supporting leg.
Furthermore, graduation mark is provided on the guiding axis.
Furthermore, the number of teeth of the driving gear is less than the number of teeth of transmission gear.
Furthermore, second motor and loop bar junction are provided with an adjusting rod.
Furthermore, the top end diameter of the drill bit is greater than the diameter of loop bar.
(3) beneficial effect
The present invention compared with the existing technology, has the advantages that:
It is automatic downwards to control drilling cramp eye guiding axis by feed mechanism for a kind of portable drilling rig that the present invention mentions Advance, symmetrically arranged two lead screws and guiding axis improve stability when drilling cramp is fed, and driving number of gear teeth, which is less than, to be passed Moving gear, so that forming deceleration transmission between driving gear and transmission gear, the graduation mark on guiding axis is true convenient for control The feeding distance for determining drilling cramp carries out drill hole sampling by drilling mechanism, and adjusting rod can be used for the position of telescopic adjustment drill bit, bore Bar effectively reduces its amplitude of fluctuation when drill bit is in drilling under the limitation of loop bar, easy to operate, easy to use and be convenient for It carries.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is schematic structural view of the invention.
Fig. 2 is drilling mechanism structural schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is top view of the present invention.
1- support frame;2- drilling cramp;3- feed mechanism;4- drilling mechanism;11- pedestal;12- top plate;13- support rod;14- Guiding axis;15- through-hole;16- universal wheel;17- supporting leg;18- graduation mark;31- screw rod;32- screw;33- first motor;34- Drive gear;35- transmission gear;36- bearing block;The second motor of 41-;42- loop bar;43- drilling rod;44- drill bit;45- is adjusted Bar.
Specific embodiment
In order to make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the present invention clearer, with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments, The present invention will be described in further detail.It should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only used to explain this hair It is bright, it is not intended to limit the present invention.
A kind of portable drilling rig as shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 3, including support frame 1, drilling cramp 2, feed mechanism 3 and brill Mechanism 4 is visited, support frame as described above 1 includes pedestal 11, top plate 12 and the branch for being fixedly installed on two sides between pedestal 11 and top plate 12 Strut 13, two sides are respectively symmetrically fixedly installed a guiding axis 14 between the pedestal 11 and top plate 12, set on the pedestal 11 It is equipped with a through-hole 15, the two sides of the drilling cramp 2 are sheathed on respectively on guiding axis 14 and the drilling cramp 2 can be long along guiding axis 14 It is free to slide to spend direction, the feed mechanism 3 includes screw rod 31, screw 32, first motor 33, driving gear 34 and transmission Gear 35, the screw rod 31 is respectively symmetrically fixedly installed on two sides between pedestal 11 and top plate 12 by bearing block 36, described Screw 32 is respectively symmetrically fixedly installed on the two sides of drilling cramp 2 and the screw 32 is threadedly connected on screw rod 31, first electricity Machine 33 is fixedly installed on 12 top of top plate, and the driving gear 34 is fixedly installed on the output shaft of first motor 33, the biography Moving gear 35 be fixedly installed on screw rod 31 and the transmission gear 35 with driving gear 34 engage connection, the drilling mechanism 4 Including the second motor 41, loop bar 42, drilling rod 43 and drill bit 44, second motor 41 is fixedly installed on drilling cramp 2, described Loop bar 42 is fixedly installed on the output shaft of the second motor 41, and the drilling rod 43 is set in loop bar 42,44 spiral shell of drill bit Line is connected to the bottom end of loop bar 42 and the top of the drill bit 44 and is threadedly coupled with drilling rod 43.
Wherein, 11 bottom of pedestal is provided with universal wheel 16, and 11 two sides of pedestal are respectively symmetrically hingedly connected with one Supporting leg 17, graduation mark 18 is provided on the guiding axis 14, and the number of teeth of the driving gear 34 is less than the tooth of transmission gear 35 Number, second motor 41 are provided with an adjusting rod 45 with 42 junction of loop bar, and the top end diameter of the drill bit 44 is greater than loop bar 42 diameter.
A kind of portable drilling rig that the present invention mentions, in use, user pushes probing dress by universal wheel 16 It sets to suitable position, then the supporting leg 17 of 11 two sides of rotating base fixes the position of entire drilling rig, then, uses Person starts first motor 33 and the second motor 41 simultaneously, controls drilling cramp 2 by feed mechanism 3 and advances downwards, first motor 33 opens It is dynamic then control driving gear 34 rotate, thus drive gear 34 then drives engage transmission transmission gear 35 rotate, be driven Gear 35 then drives the screw rod 31 being firmly connected with it to rotate, so that the screw 32 being set on screw rod 31 moves down, Screw 32 then drives the drilling cramp being firmly connected with it 2 to move down along guiding axis 14, two be symmetrical set piece screw rod 31 The stability when movement feeding of drilling cramp 2,18 person's of may be used in control of graduation mark on guiding axis 14 are improved with guiding axis 14 The feeding distance of drilling cramp 2, drilling cramp 2 carry out drill hole sampling by drilling mechanism 4 while feeding, the through-hole 15 on pedestal 11 It can be used for so that drill bit 44 stretches out base bottom and drills, the starting of the second motor 41 drives loop bar 42 to rotate, so that boring First 44 rotation drill and is sampled by drilling rod 43, and when drilling, user can choose according to the depth of practical soil layer and close The adjusting rod 45 of length is fitted to adjust the position of drill bit 44.
The above-described embodiments are merely illustrative of preferred embodiments of the present invention, not to of the invention Conception and scope is defined.Without departing from the design concept of the invention, ordinary people in the field is to skill of the invention The all variations and modifications that art scheme is made, should all drop into protection scope of the present invention, in the claimed technology of the present invention Hold, is all described in the claims.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of portable drilling rig, it is characterised in that:Including support frame (1), drilling cramp (2), feed mechanism (3) and probing Mechanism (4), support frame as described above (1) include pedestal (11), top plate (12) and be fixedly installed on pedestal (11) and top plate (12) it Between two sides support rod (13), two sides are respectively symmetrically fixedly installed a guiding axis between the pedestal (11) and top plate (12) (14), be provided with a through-hole (15) on the pedestal (11), the two sides of the drilling cramp (2) be sheathed on guiding axis (14) respectively and The drilling cramp (2) can be free to slide along guiding axis (14) length direction, and the feed mechanism (3) includes screw rod (31), screw (32), first motor (33), driving gear (34) and transmission gear (35), the screw rod (31) pass through bearing block (36) difference Two sides between pedestal (11) and top plate (12) symmetrically are fixedly installed on, the screw (32) is respectively symmetrically fixedly installed on drilling cramp (2) two sides and the screw (32) are threadedly connected on screw rod (31), and the first motor (33) is fixedly installed on top plate (12) top, the driving gear (34) are fixedly installed on the output shaft of first motor (33), and the transmission gear (35) is solid Surely it is set on screw rod (31) and the transmission gear (35) engages connection, drilling mechanism (4) packet with driving gear (34) The second motor (41), loop bar (42), drilling rod (43) and drill bit (44) are included, second motor (41) is fixedly installed on drilling cramp (2) on, the loop bar (42) is fixedly installed on the output shaft of the second motor (41), and the drilling rod (43) is set to loop bar (42) Interior, the drill bit (44) is threadedly connected to the top of the bottom end of loop bar (42) and the drill bit (44) and drilling rod (43) screw thread connects It connects.
2. a kind of portable drilling rig according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Pedestal (11) bottom is provided with Universal wheel (16).
3. a kind of portable drilling rig according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Pedestal (11) two sides are right respectively Title is hingedly connected with a supporting leg (17).
4. a kind of portable drilling rig according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is provided on the guiding axis (14) Graduation mark (18).
5. a kind of portable drilling rig according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The number of teeth of driving gear (34) Less than the number of teeth of transmission gear (35).
6. a kind of portable drilling rig according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Second motor (41) and loop bar (42) junction is provided with an adjusting rod (45).
7. a kind of portable drilling rig according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The top end diameter of the drill bit (44) Greater than the diameter of loop bar (42).
CN201810815565.3A 2018-07-24 2018-07-24 A kind of portable drilling rig Pending CN108825131A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810815565.3A CN108825131A (en) 2018-07-24 2018-07-24 A kind of portable drilling rig

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810815565.3A CN108825131A (en) 2018-07-24 2018-07-24 A kind of portable drilling rig

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108825131A true CN108825131A (en) 2018-11-16

Family

ID=64140333

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810815565.3A Pending CN108825131A (en) 2018-07-24 2018-07-24 A kind of portable drilling rig

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108825131A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109632368A (en) * 2018-11-30 2019-04-16 李洋洋 A kind of grooving apparatus for ore sampling
CN109973013A (en) * 2019-04-02 2019-07-05 苏州水环岩土科技有限公司 A kind of quick excavating gear of shallow depth and method
CN110145227A (en) * 2019-04-15 2019-08-20 安徽正融科工实业集团有限公司 A kind of screw pile machine promotion pressurized equipment
CN110821399A (en) * 2019-10-18 2020-02-21 中矿资源集团股份有限公司 Drilling device for mine exploration and using method thereof
CN111946284A (en) * 2020-09-03 2020-11-17 金华含朴光学仪器有限公司 Geological exploration equipment
WO2022205804A1 (en) * 2021-03-31 2022-10-06 中建科工集团有限公司 Roadbed improvement device

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109632368A (en) * 2018-11-30 2019-04-16 李洋洋 A kind of grooving apparatus for ore sampling
CN109973013A (en) * 2019-04-02 2019-07-05 苏州水环岩土科技有限公司 A kind of quick excavating gear of shallow depth and method
CN110145227A (en) * 2019-04-15 2019-08-20 安徽正融科工实业集团有限公司 A kind of screw pile machine promotion pressurized equipment
CN110821399A (en) * 2019-10-18 2020-02-21 中矿资源集团股份有限公司 Drilling device for mine exploration and using method thereof
CN111946284A (en) * 2020-09-03 2020-11-17 金华含朴光学仪器有限公司 Geological exploration equipment
WO2022205804A1 (en) * 2021-03-31 2022-10-06 中建科工集团有限公司 Roadbed improvement device

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PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20181116

WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication