CN108787701B - Medical waste compression treatment device - Google Patents

Medical waste compression treatment device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108787701B
CN108787701B CN201810506315.1A CN201810506315A CN108787701B CN 108787701 B CN108787701 B CN 108787701B CN 201810506315 A CN201810506315 A CN 201810506315A CN 108787701 B CN108787701 B CN 108787701B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
waste
combustion chamber
shell
chamber
compression
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201810506315.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108787701A (en
Inventor
唐莉
蒋佩佩
于大川
于海洋
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Tang Li
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Individual
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Publication date
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Priority to CN201810506315.1A priority Critical patent/CN108787701B/en
Publication of CN108787701A publication Critical patent/CN108787701A/en
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Publication of CN108787701B publication Critical patent/CN108787701B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • B09B3/0075Disposal of medical waste
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/30Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for baling; Compression boxes therefor
    • B30B9/3057Fluid-driven presses
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/02Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor with pretreatment
    • F23G5/033Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor with pretreatment comminuting or crushing
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/44Details; Accessories
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/44Details; Accessories
    • F23G5/442Waste feed arrangements
    • F23G5/444Waste feed arrangements for solid waste
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES 
    • F23J15/00Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes

Abstract

The invention discloses a medical waste compression treatment device, which comprises a device body, a crushing cabin, a driver and a compressor, wherein the driver is fixed in a device shell, the driver comprises a driving motor and a driving belt wheel, a combustion chamber is arranged in the middle of the device shell, a smoke purification chamber is arranged at the upper part of the right side of the combustion chamber, the crushing cabin is arranged above the left side of the device shell and is obliquely arranged below the right side of the device shell, a conveying belt sequentially penetrates through a feeding port and a discharging port, two ends of the conveying belt are respectively provided with a driving belt wheel and a driven belt wheel, the driving belt wheel is connected with the driving belt wheel through a belt, the left side of the compression chamber is provided with the compressor, the compressor comprises an air cylinder, a. The invention can effectively extrude and tamp garbage fragments by arranging the compression chamber, is convenient for later-period transportation, and has compact structure, convenient use, energy conservation and environmental protection. The invention is suitable for wide application in medical waste treatment.

Description

Medical waste compression treatment device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of medical waste treatment, in particular to a medical waste compression treatment device.
Background
Medical waste refers to all waste which needs to be discarded and can not be reused in hospitals, and comprises biological and non-biological waste and domestic garbage; medical waste may contain a large amount of pathogenic microorganisms and harmful chemicals, and even radioactive and damaging substances, and thus is an important risk factor for disease transmission or related public health problems.
As the number of patients is increased, medical wastes generated in the process of diagnosis, treatment, nursing and other activities of the patients are also increased, the treatment mode of the medical wastes at present has a great problem, the treatment of the medical wastes does not meet the standard, the medical wastes are only subjected to simple disinfection treatment and then are transported, and as the medical wastes are too large in size, cumbersome and difficult to transport and simple and crude in transportation equipment, pollutants are leaked, the infection risk is increased, and the transportation cost is increased.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical problem to be solved by the invention is to provide a medical waste compression treatment device, which can solve the problems in the prior art.
In order to achieve the purpose, the technical scheme of the invention is realized as follows:
the utility model provides a medical waste compression treatment device, it includes device body, crushing cabin, driver and compressor, the device body includes the device shell, sets up a plurality of cabin, upper portion air inlet pipeline and the conveyer belt in the device shell, the driver is fixed in the device shell, the driver includes driving motor and driving pulley, driving motor drive driving pulley rotates, the middle part is equipped with the combustion chamber in the device shell, combustion chamber right side upper portion is equipped with flue gas purification room, flue gas purification room lower part is equipped with the whereabouts room, whereabouts room lower part is equipped with the compression chamber, combustion chamber left side lower part is equipped with the fuel room, crushing cabin installs in the left side top of device shell and slant right side below installation, upper portion air inlet pipeline passes behind the device shell and accesss to atmosphere, lower extreme and combustion chamber bottom UNICOM, the left side is equipped with the pan feeding mouth in the combustion chamber, the right side is equipped with the discharge gate, the combustion chamber bottom sets firmly the bottom plate of below slope in the right side, bottom plate right side end is equipped with the ashes mouth that falls, the discharge gate with the ashes mouth that falls all with fall the room and be linked together, the conveyer belt passes in proper order the pan feeding mouth with discharge gate and both ends are equipped with driving pulley and driven pulley respectively, driving pulley pass through the belt with driving pulley connects, the leading-in of waste gas that produces in the combustion chamber is in the gas cleaning room, the combustion chamber left side is located smash cabin exit below and is equipped with the fuel nozzle that has the some firearms, fuel nozzle pass through fuel connection pipe with fuel room connection, be equipped with the fueling mouth on the fuel chamber lateral wall, the right side below of compression chamber is equipped with open closed material taking opening, the compression chamber left side, the compressor includes that cylinder, inside hollow compression piston and right-hand member are fixed the inside piston rod of compression piston, the piston rod left end is connected the cylinder, the cylinder links firmly through the fixed bolster device shell bottom, the external diameter of cylinder is less than the inside opening diameter of compression piston, the cylinder drive compression piston right movement can be in the deposit waste material in the compression chamber compresses.
As a limitation, the device also comprises a waste gas collecting device, a bracket and a waste vehicle, the crushing cabin comprises a crushing cabin shell, a crushing cabin door and a pressure grinding wheel device, the crushing cabin door is connected with the crushing cabin shell in a hinged mode, one side of the crushing cabin shell, which is far away from the crushing cabin door, is sequentially provided with a cylindrical barrel and an inflow channel, a pressure rod is arranged in the crushing cabin shell, two ends of the pressure rod are respectively hinged with the crushing cabin door and the inner wall of the crushing cabin shell, the pressure rod can control the opening and closing of the crushing cabin door in a pneumatic mode, the pressure grinding wheel device is arranged in the crushing cabin shell and comprises a pressure grinding wheel, a plurality of pressure grinding bulges are arranged in the circumferential direction of the pressure grinding wheel, the middle of the pressure grinding wheel passes through pressure grinding wheel shafts, a first bearing and a second bearing are respectively arranged on two sides of the cylindrical barrel, the pressure grinding wheel shafts pass through two sides of the cylindrical barrel through the first bearing and the second bearing respectively, and the pressure grinding wheel shafts can be matched with The device is characterized in that the cylindrical barrel rotates, a driving belt pulley is further arranged outside the first bearing and connected with the driving belt pulley through a belt, the outer diameter of the pressure grinding wheel is smaller than the inner diameter of the cylindrical barrel, the axis of the pressure grinding wheel is located on the lower right side of the axis of the cylindrical barrel after installation is completed, so that a pressure contact channel with gradually reduced space size is formed between the pressure grinding wheel and the inner wall of the cylindrical barrel, the left side of the combustion chamber is located below an outlet of the inflow channel, an exhaust gas collecting device is arranged above the combustion chamber and comprises a gas collecting hood located in the middle of the upper portion of the combustion chamber and an air suction pipe connected with the upper portion of the gas collecting hood, an air suction turbine driven by a motor is arranged in the air suction pipe, the right side of the air suction pipe extends into the flue gas purification chamber, and the supports are fixedly connected below the device body and are even in number, the waste material vehicle is arranged below the material taking opening.
As another limitation, a flue gas dedusting and purifying device is arranged in the flue gas purifying chamber to remove harmful substances.
As another definition, the height of the driving pulley is higher than the height of the driven pulley, and both the driving pulley and the driven pulley are located outside the combustion chamber to prevent waste material from falling into other areas.
As another limitation, a return device is arranged in the cylinder, and the return device can drive the compression piston to move leftwards after the cylinder moves rightwards to a limit position, so that the compressed waste material can be taken out from the material taking opening.
As another definition, the fuel connection pipe is inserted into the bottom of the fuel chamber and provided with an oil pump.
As another limitation, the cylinder is driven by an air pump and is provided with a pressure limiting valve.
Due to the adoption of the structure, compared with the prior art, the invention has the technical progress that:
(1) when the medical waste compression treatment device is used, waste materials are firstly crushed by the crushing cabin and then flow into the combustion chamber, the waste materials are burnt at high temperature above the fuel nozzle and then fall on the conveyor belt, the conveyor belt conveys the waste materials from one side of a feed inlet of the combustion chamber to one side of a discharge outlet, then the waste materials fall into the falling chamber and are deposited in the compression chamber, the waste materials generated after combustion are guided into the flue gas purification chamber, are purified and then discharged into the atmosphere, the waste materials falling into the compression chamber are compressed by the compressor in the compression chamber and then are discharged through a material taking opening below the right side of the compression chamber, and the compressor can effectively extrude and tamp waste fragments, so that later-stage transportation;
(2) according to the medical waste compression treatment device, the crushing cabin is arranged, waste materials enter the shell of the crushing cabin and then close the crushing cabin door, the waste materials flow into the combustion chamber from the inflow channel after being subjected to pressure and wheel extrusion, and then the driver drives the wheel extruder to crush the waste materials and simultaneously drives the conveyor belt to operate, so that the waste materials can be crushed, the waste materials are prevented from being concentrated, the waste material combustion efficiency is effectively improved, and the waste material treatment efficiency is further improved;
(3) the medical waste compression treatment device is provided with the waste gas collecting device, so that the recovery of waste gas generated after waste materials are combusted in the combustion chamber can be improved, the environment pollution is prevented, and the environment is protected; by arranging the flue gas purification chamber, waste gas generated after waste in the combustion chamber is combusted can be further purified, and environmental pollution is reduced;
(4) the medical waste compression treatment device comprises a cylinder, a compression piston, a return device, a waste material discharge device and a waste material compression device, wherein the cylinder is internally provided with the return device, the outer wall of the compression piston completely covers the bottom surface of a falling chamber when the compression piston moves rightwards to a limit position, the waste material discharge device prevents waste material from flowing out, and when the return device drives the compression piston to move leftwards, the waste material on the upper part of the compression piston completely falls on the bottom of the.
In conclusion, the compaction device can effectively extrude and tamp garbage fragments by arranging the compression chamber, is convenient for later-period transportation, and has the advantages of compact structure, convenient use, energy conservation and environmental protection. The invention is suitable for wide application in medical waste treatment.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the invention and not to limit the invention.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view showing the construction of a medical waste compressing apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of a wheel pressure driving machine according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a compressor according to an embodiment of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a device body; 11. a device housing; 12. a combustion chamber; 121. an upper air intake conduit; 122. a feeding port; 123. a discharge port; 124. ash flows down to the mouth; 125. a driving pulley; 126. a conveyor belt; 127. a driven pulley; 13. a flue gas purification chamber; 14. a drop chamber; 15. a compression chamber; 151. a material taking opening; 16. a fuel chamber; 161. a fueling port; 162. a fuel connection pipe; 1621. a fuel injector; 2. a crushing cabin; 21. a crushing bin housing; 211. a cylindrical barrel; 212. an inflow channel; 22. a crushing cabin door; 23. a pneumatic rod; 24. a wheel-driving device; 241. a pressure-driving wheel; 242. a bump is pressed and ejected; 243. a wheel shaft is pressed and ejected; 2441. a first bearing; 2442. a second bearing; 245. a drive pulley; 25. a pressure-driving channel; 3. a driver; 31. a drive motor; 32. a drive pulley; 4. an exhaust gas collection device; 41. a gas-collecting hood; 42. an air intake duct; 421. an air intake turbine; 5. a compressor; 51. a compression piston; 52. a cylinder; 521. a piston rod; 53. fixing a bracket; 6. a support; 7. a waste car.
Detailed Description
The invention is further illustrated below with reference to the figures and examples. In the following detailed description, certain exemplary embodiments of the present invention are described by way of illustration only. Needless to say, a person skilled in the art realizes that the described embodiments can be modified in various different ways without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. Accordingly, the drawings and description are illustrative in nature and not intended to limit the scope of the claims.
As shown in FIGS. 1 to 3, the medical waste compressing apparatus according to the present embodiment comprises an apparatus body 1, a pulverization chamber 2, a driver 3 and a compressor 5, wherein the apparatus body 1 comprises an apparatus housing 11, a plurality of chambers provided in the apparatus housing 11, an upper air intake pipe 121 and a conveyor belt 126, the driver 3 is fixed in the apparatus housing 11, the driver 3 comprises a driving motor 31 and a driving pulley 32, the driving motor 31 drives the driving pulley 32 to rotate, a combustion chamber 12 is provided in the middle of the apparatus housing 11, a flue gas purification chamber 13 is provided in the upper portion of the right side of the combustion chamber 12, a falling chamber 14 is provided in the lower portion of the flue gas purification chamber 13, a compression chamber 15 is provided in the lower portion of the falling chamber 14, a combustion chamber 16 is provided in the lower portion of the left side of the combustion chamber 12, the pulverization chamber 2 is installed in the upper portion of the left side of the apparatus, The lower end is communicated with the bottom of the combustion chamber 12, the left side in the combustion chamber 12 is provided with a feeding port 122, the right side is provided with a discharging port 123, the bottom of the combustion chamber 12 is fixedly provided with a bottom plate which inclines to the lower right, the right end of the bottom plate is provided with an ash falling port 124, the discharging port 123 and the ash falling port 124 are both communicated with the falling chamber 14, a conveyor belt 126 sequentially passes through the feeding port 122 and the discharging port 123, the two ends of the conveyor belt are respectively provided with a driving pulley 125 and a driven pulley 127, the driving pulley 125 is connected with the driving pulley 32 through a belt, waste gas generated in the combustion chamber 12 is guided into the flue gas purification chamber 13, the left side of the combustion chamber 12 is positioned below the outlet of the crushing cabin 2 and is provided with a fuel nozzle 1621 with an igniter, the fuel nozzle 1621 is connected with the fuel chamber 16 through a fuel connecting pipe 162, the side wall of the fuel chamber 16, the compressor 5 comprises a cylinder 52, a hollow compression piston 51 and a piston rod 521, wherein the right end of the piston rod 521 is fixed inside the compression piston 51, the left end of the piston rod 521 is connected with the cylinder 52, the cylinder 52 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the device shell 11 through a fixing support 653, the outer diameter of the cylinder 52 is smaller than the diameter of an opening inside the compression piston 51, and the cylinder 52 drives the compression piston 51 to move rightwards to compress waste materials deposited in the compression chamber 15.
Thus, when the medical waste compression treatment device of the embodiment is used, waste materials firstly flow into the combustion chamber 12 after being crushed by the crushing cabin 2, and fall on the conveyor belt 126 after being burned at high temperature above the fuel nozzle 1621, the waste materials are conveyed to the discharge port 123 side from the feed port 122 side of the combustion chamber 12 by the conveyor belt 126, then the waste materials fall into the falling chamber 14 and are further deposited in the compression chamber 15, at the moment, the waste materials generated after combustion are introduced into the flue gas purification chamber 13, are purified and then discharged into the atmosphere, the waste materials falling into the compression chamber 15 are compressed by the compressor 5 in the compression chamber 15 and then are discharged through the material taking opening 151 below the right side of the compression chamber 15, and the compressor 5 can effectively extrude and tamp waste fragments, thereby being convenient for later-.
In the present embodiment, the waste gas collecting device 4, the support 6 and the waste cart 7 are further included, the crushing bin 2 includes a crushing bin housing 21, a crushing bin door 22 and a wheel press 24, the crushing bin door 22 is connected with the crushing bin housing 21 in an articulated manner, one side of the crushing bin housing 21 away from the crushing bin door 22 is provided with a cylindrical barrel 211 and an inflow channel 212 in sequence, a pneumatic rod 23 is provided in the crushing bin housing 21, both ends of the pneumatic rod 23 are respectively articulated with the inner walls of the crushing bin door 22 and the crushing bin housing 21, the pneumatic rod 23 can pneumatically control the opening and closing of the crushing bin door 22, the wheel press 24 is provided in the crushing bin housing 21 and includes a pressure wheel 241, the pressure wheel 241 is provided with a plurality of pressure wheel protrusions 242 in the circumferential direction, the middle of the pressure wheel passes through a pressure wheel shaft 243, both sides of the pressure wheel shaft 243 are respectively provided with a first bearing 2441 and a second bearing 2442, the pressure wheel shaft 243 passes through both sides of the cylindrical barrel 211 and is respectively matched with both sides of the cylindrical barrel 211 through the first bearing 2441 and the second bearing In the upper rotation, a driving pulley 245 is further provided outside the first bearing 2441, the driving pulley 245 is connected with the driving pulley 32 through a belt, the outer diameter of the pressing wheel 241 is smaller than the inner diameter of the cylindrical barrel 211, and the axis of the installed rear pressing wheel 241 is located at the right lower side of the axis of the cylindrical barrel 211 so that a pressing channel 25 with gradually reduced spatial dimension is formed between the pressing wheel 241 and the inner wall of the cylindrical barrel 211, the left side of the combustion chamber 12 is located below the outlet of the inflow channel 212, an exhaust gas collecting device 4 is provided above the combustion chamber 12, the exhaust gas collecting device 4 includes a gas collecting hood 41 located at the middle position of the upper part of the combustion chamber 12 and an air suction pipe 42 connected above the gas collecting hood 41, an air suction turbine driven by a motor is provided in the air suction pipe 42, the right side of the air suction pipe 42 is inserted into the flue gas purification chamber 13, the supports 6 are fixedly connected below the apparatus body 1 and are provided in an even number.
At this time, the waste enters the crushing cabin shell 21 and then closes the crushing cabin door 22, the waste is pressed by the pressing and driving wheel 241 and then flows into the combustion chamber 12 from the inflow channel 212, then the driver 3 drives the wheel pressing device 24 to crush the waste and simultaneously drives the conveyor belt 126 to operate, the waste is burned in the combustion chamber 12 and then falls into the compression chamber 15, the cylinder 52 compresses the waste and then opens the material taking opening 151, and the waste block flows out of the device, so that the environment is protected, the energy is saved, and the cost is saved; by providing the waste gas collecting device 4, the recovery of waste gas after the combustion of waste materials in the combustion chamber 12 can be improved, and the environmental pollution can be prevented.
In this embodiment, still can have the controller by the design, through opening of controller control crushing hatch door 22, carry out the waste material and fill the back, the crushing hatch door 22 is closed in the control, and the controller still can control cylinder 52 and compress the waste material, improves automatic level, uses manpower sparingly, improves waste material treatment efficiency. Wherein the controller may be an ECU electronic control element.
In this embodiment, a flue gas dust removing and purifying device is disposed in the flue gas purifying chamber 13 to remove harmful substances.
Thus, the waste gas generated after the waste in the combustion chamber 12 is combusted can be further purified, and the environmental pollution can be reduced.
In the present embodiment, the height of the driving pulley 125 is higher than that of the driven pulley 127, and both the driving pulley 125 and the driven pulley 127 are located outside the combustion chamber 12 to prevent the waste from falling into other areas.
In this embodiment, a return device is provided in the cylinder 52, and the return device can drive the compression piston 51 to move leftward after the cylinder 52 moves rightward to the limit position, so that the compressed waste material can be taken out from the material taking opening 151.
In this way, the waste material outflow preventing means is provided by providing the return means in the cylinder 52, the outer wall of the compression piston 51 completely covering the bottom surface of the drop chamber 14 when moving to the right to the extreme position, and the waste material on the upper portion of the compression piston 51 completely falls to the bottom of the compression chamber 15 when the right end portion of the piston is opposed to the left side wall position of the drop chamber 14 when the return means drives the compression piston 51 to move to the left, facilitating the compression operation. The return device can be a return spring, is simple in structure and convenient to use, but the structure of the return device is not limited to the return spring, and the return device can be used as long as the return effect can be achieved.
In the present embodiment, the fuel connection pipe 162 is inserted into the bottom of the fuel chamber 16 and provided with an oil pump.
Thus, by inserting the fuel connection pipe 162 into the bottom of the fuel chamber 16, the output of the fuel can be facilitated; meanwhile, the oil pump is arranged, so that the output of fuel can be accelerated, the fuel output efficiency is improved, and the combustion in the combustion chamber 12 is more sufficient, so that the waste combustion is more sufficient.
In this embodiment, the air cylinder 52 is driven by an air pump and is provided with a pressure limiting valve.
Thus, the air cylinder 52 is driven by the air pump and is provided with the pressure limiting valve, so that the damage of the device caused by overlarge pressure can be effectively prevented, the service life of the device is prolonged, and the use cost is reduced.
Therefore, the garbage compactor can effectively extrude and compact garbage fragments through the compression chamber 15, is convenient for later-period transportation, and is compact in structure, convenient to use, energy-saving and environment-friendly. The invention is suitable for wide application in medical waste treatment.
The above description is only an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. Any equivalent changes and modifications that can be made by one skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and principles of the invention should fall within the protection scope of the invention.

Claims (6)

1. A medical waste compressing and processing device is characterized in that: it includes the device body, smashes cabin, driver and compressor, the device body includes the device shell, sets up a plurality of cabin, upper portion air inlet pipeline and conveyer belt in the device shell, the driver is fixed in the device shell, the driver includes driving motor and driving pulley, the driving motor drive driving pulley rotates, the middle part is equipped with the combustion chamber in the device shell, combustion chamber right side upper portion is equipped with gas cleaning room, gas cleaning room lower part is equipped with whereabouts room, whereabouts room lower part is equipped with the compression chamber, combustion chamber left side lower part is equipped with fuel room, it installs to smash the cabin left side top and the installation of slant right side below of device shell, upper portion air inlet pipeline upper end is passed lead to atmosphere behind the device shell, the lower extreme with combustion chamber bottom UNICOM, the left side is equipped with pan feeding mouth, the left side in the combustion chamber, The right side is equipped with the discharge gate, the combustion chamber bottom sets firmly the bottom plate of below slope in the right side, bottom plate right side end is equipped with the ashes and flows down the mouth, the discharge gate with the ashes flow down the mouth all with it is linked together to fall the room, the conveyer belt passes in proper order the pan feeding mouth with discharge gate and both ends are equipped with driving pulley and driven pulleys respectively, driving pulley pass through the belt with driving pulley connects, the waste gas that produces in the combustion chamber is leading-in the gas cleaning room, the combustion chamber left side is located smash cabin exit below and be equipped with the fuel nozzle that has some firearms, fuel nozzle pass through fuel connection pipe with fuel room connection, be equipped with the fueling mouth on the fuel chamber lateral wall, the right side below of compression chamber is equipped with open and shut and get the material opening, the compression chamber left side is equipped with the compressor, the, The device comprises a compression piston with a hollow interior and a piston rod with the right end fixed in the compression piston, wherein the left end of the piston rod is connected with a cylinder, the cylinder is fixedly connected to the bottom of a shell of the device through a fixing support, the outer diameter of the cylinder is smaller than the diameter of an opening in the compression piston, and the cylinder drives the compression piston to move rightwards to compress waste deposited in a compression chamber; the crushing cabin comprises a crushing cabin shell, a crushing cabin door and a wheel pressing and driving device, the crushing cabin door is connected with the crushing cabin shell in a hinged mode, one side, away from the crushing cabin door, of the crushing cabin shell is sequentially provided with a cylindrical barrel and an inflow channel, the crushing cabin shell is internally provided with a pressure rod, two ends of the pressure rod are hinged to the crushing cabin door and the inner wall of the crushing cabin shell respectively, the pressure rod can control opening and closing of the crushing cabin door in a pneumatic mode, the wheel pressing and driving device is arranged in the crushing cabin shell and comprises a pressure driving wheel, the pressure driving wheel is circumferentially provided with a plurality of pressure driving bulges, the middle of the pressure driving wheel penetrates through an overpressure wheel shaft, two sides of the pressure driving wheel shaft are respectively provided with a first bearing and a second bearing, the pressure driving wheel shaft penetrates through two sides of the cylindrical barrel and is respectively matched with two sides of the cylindrical barrel through the first bearing and the second bearing and can be arranged on the cylindrical barrel The barrel rotates, a driving belt pulley is further arranged outside the first bearing and connected with the driving belt pulley through a belt, the outer diameter of the pressure grinding wheel is smaller than the inner diameter of the cylindrical barrel, and the axis of the pressure grinding wheel is located at the lower right side of the axis of the cylindrical barrel after installation is completed, so that a pressure grinding channel with gradually reduced spatial dimension is formed between the pressure grinding wheel and the inner wall of the cylindrical barrel, the left side of the combustion chamber is located below the outlet of the inflow channel, an exhaust gas collecting device is arranged above the combustion chamber and comprises a gas collecting hood located at the middle position of the upper part of the combustion chamber and an air suction pipe connected with the upper part of the gas collecting hood, a gas suction turbine driven by a motor is arranged in the air suction pipe, the right side of the air suction pipe extends into the smoke purification chamber, and the supports are fixedly connected below the device body and are even number, the waste material vehicle is arranged below the material taking opening; medical waste compression treatment device closes crushing hatch door after the waste material gets into crushing cabin casing through setting up crushing cabin, and in the wheel pressure is squeezed to the waste material and flows into the combustion chamber from the inflow passageway after, drives the wheel ware by the driver afterwards and drives the conveyer belt operation when smashing the waste material, can realize the crushing of waste material, prevents that the waste material from concentrating, effectively improves waste material combustion efficiency, and then improves waste material treatment efficiency.
2. The medical waste compressing and processing apparatus as set forth in claim 1, wherein: and a flue gas dedusting and purifying device is arranged in the flue gas purifying chamber to remove harmful substances.
3. The medical waste compressing and processing apparatus as set forth in claim 1, wherein: the height of the driving pulley is higher than that of the driven pulley, and the driving pulley and the driven pulley are both positioned outside the combustion chamber to prevent waste materials from falling into other areas.
4. The medical waste compressing and processing apparatus as set forth in claim 1, wherein: be equipped with return means in the cylinder, after the cylinder moved extreme position rightwards the return means can drive the compression piston moves left to the waste material after the compression can be followed get the material opening part and take out.
5. The medical waste compression treatment apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein: the fuel connecting pipe is inserted into the bottom of the fuel chamber and is provided with an oil pump.
6. The medical waste compression treatment apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein: the cylinder is driven by an air pump and is provided with a pressure limiting valve.
CN201810506315.1A 2018-05-24 2018-05-24 Medical waste compression treatment device Expired - Fee Related CN108787701B (en)

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CN111076174A (en) * 2019-11-06 2020-04-28 温州医科大学 Medical waste treatment process
CN111076175A (en) * 2019-11-06 2020-04-28 温州医科大学 Medical waste treatment system
CN111687171A (en) * 2020-06-08 2020-09-22 江苏聚之再生科技有限公司 Equipment for preliminary processing of scrap steel and using method thereof

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KR20120091913A (en) * 2011-02-10 2012-08-20 김원태 Method of stamping out for infected animals by incineration
CN205700862U (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-11-23 青岛市房屋建设集团股份有限公司 A kind of rubbish quick treatment device for building
CN206377667U (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-08-04 韩伟 A kind of environmental protection and energy-saving building incendive garbage waste reduction and disposal equipment
CN107152687A (en) * 2017-06-26 2017-09-12 桐乡市大麻正扬家纺经营部 A kind of domestic garbage incineration equipment
CN206522779U (en) * 2017-01-23 2017-09-26 湖南达煜新能源技术有限公司 A kind of waste incinerator with waste gas Solid state fermentation device
CN207013092U (en) * 2017-07-18 2018-02-16 孙慧辉 A kind of medical plastic refuse treatment plant
CN207394856U (en) * 2017-09-07 2018-05-22 泉州鑫彩贸易有限公司 A kind of solid waste treatment facility

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS62286585A (en) * 1986-06-04 1987-12-12 Kenichi Yamashita Waste treatment equipment
CN201529541U (en) * 2009-11-18 2010-07-21 郑元海 Crushing and vibrating screen
KR20120091913A (en) * 2011-02-10 2012-08-20 김원태 Method of stamping out for infected animals by incineration
CN205700862U (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-11-23 青岛市房屋建设集团股份有限公司 A kind of rubbish quick treatment device for building
CN206377667U (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-08-04 韩伟 A kind of environmental protection and energy-saving building incendive garbage waste reduction and disposal equipment
CN206522779U (en) * 2017-01-23 2017-09-26 湖南达煜新能源技术有限公司 A kind of waste incinerator with waste gas Solid state fermentation device
CN107152687A (en) * 2017-06-26 2017-09-12 桐乡市大麻正扬家纺经营部 A kind of domestic garbage incineration equipment
CN207013092U (en) * 2017-07-18 2018-02-16 孙慧辉 A kind of medical plastic refuse treatment plant
CN207394856U (en) * 2017-09-07 2018-05-22 泉州鑫彩贸易有限公司 A kind of solid waste treatment facility

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