CN108759631B - Valve plate detection set and valve plate excircle roundness error detection device thereof - Google Patents

Valve plate detection set and valve plate excircle roundness error detection device thereof Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN108759631B
CN108759631B CN201810547589.5A CN201810547589A CN108759631B CN 108759631 B CN108759631 B CN 108759631B CN 201810547589 A CN201810547589 A CN 201810547589A CN 108759631 B CN108759631 B CN 108759631B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
detection
valve
dial indicator
measuring head
positioning
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201810547589.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN108759631A (en
Inventor
张军
何仁琪
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Yangtze Normal University
Original Assignee
Yangtze Normal University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Yangtze Normal University filed Critical Yangtze Normal University
Priority to CN201810547589.5A priority Critical patent/CN108759631B/en
Publication of CN108759631A publication Critical patent/CN108759631A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108759631B publication Critical patent/CN108759631B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01BMEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS
    • G01B5/00Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of mechanical techniques
    • G01B5/20Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of mechanical techniques for measuring contours or curvatures
    • G01B5/201Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of mechanical techniques for measuring contours or curvatures for measuring roundness

Landscapes

  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • General Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Indication Of The Valve Opening Or Closing Status (AREA)
  • A Measuring Device Byusing Mechanical Method (AREA)
  • Testing Of Devices, Machine Parts, Or Other Structures Thereof (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a valve disc excircle roundness error detection device which is characterized by comprising a detection table, wherein one end of the detection table is fixedly provided with a fixed measuring head, the other end of the detection table is provided with a movable measuring head capable of moving along the direction opposite to the fixed measuring head, one side of the fixed measuring head and the movable measuring head in the opposite direction is fixedly provided with a stop block, a detection station is formed between the stop block and the fixed measuring head as well as between the stop block and the movable measuring head, the other end of a bottom plate, which is positioned opposite to the detection table, is also provided with a dial indicator installation table, and the dial indicator installation table is provided with a roundness detection dial indicator. The invention also discloses a valve plate detection kit comprising the detection device. The valve disc circular runout tolerance detection device is simple in structure, convenient and fast to operate, and capable of being used for achieving valve disc outer circle roundness error detection and further valve disc end face circular runout tolerance detection, and enabling detection results to be accurate and reliable.

Description

Valve plate detection set and valve plate excircle roundness error detection device thereof
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of production and detection of automobile engine parts, and particularly relates to a valve plate detection kit and a valve plate excircle roundness error detection device thereof.
Background
The automobile engine can convert chemical energy of fuel or other forms of energy into mechanical energy to provide power for the automobile, is the heart of the automobile and belongs to a technology-intensive product. With the development of economy in China, the automobile industry is rapidly developed while the demand for automobiles is increased day by day, and the performance requirements of people on automobile engines are higher and higher.
In an automobile engine, an air inlet and exhaust valve is a component which is composed of a disk part and a rod part which is coaxially arranged with the disk part into a whole, belongs to one of key parts of the automobile engine, is a door of an engine combustion chamber, is a key basic part for sealing an air inlet and exhaust port in the working process of the engine, and is used for blocking an air flow channel and controlling the gas exchange of the engine. The intake and exhaust valves are each opened and closed once during each operation of the engine. The valve is subjected to the pressure of the valve spring and the pressure of the seating as the valve opens and closes. The intake and exhaust valves function to seal the combustion chamber, particularly during the compression and power strokes. Therefore, the quality of the valve quality has a significant impact on engine performance and life.
The machining precision and structure of the valve have a great effect on the movement of an engine valve mechanism, and the quality of the valve may greatly influence the performance and the service life of the whole engine. In the production process of the intake and exhaust valve of the internal combustion engine, the excircle of the valve disk is the main positioning reference of the next circular arc polishing procedure, and the quality of the excircle of the valve disk must be controlled in order to ensure the processing requirement of the next circular arc polishing procedure.
In the existing valve production enterprises, some valve production enterprises mainly detect the excircle of the valve plate by a roundness meter. The positioning reference is complex, the surface of the valve is easy to scratch, the inspection cost is high, and the required time is long, so the inspection times and the batch of the excircle of the valve disk are very limited.
In addition, the end face circle run-out tolerance of the valve is a key parameter of the valve and is closely related to the sealing effect of the valve. The valve disc end face circular run-out tolerance is a position tolerance item used for controlling a valve disc end face contour element to keep a certain precision relative to a valve axis, and is defined as the maximum run-out allowed when the valve disc end face rotates for one circle or continuously rotates around a reference axis. Run-out tolerances are to be distinguished from orientation and positioning tolerances, which are tolerance items given on the basis of a specific detection pattern. The run-out tolerance has comprehensive control effect on the measured elements, namely, the run-out tolerance has control effect on position errors and can control certain shape errors, and the functional requirements of parts can be fully embodied, so that the run-out tolerance is widely applied to production. In the existing valve production enterprises, some valve production enterprises mainly rely on the bounce detector to detect the end face bounce of the valve disc. The inspection cost is high, and the required time is long, so that the inspection times and the number of times and the batch of the valve end face runout are very limited.
Therefore, how to design a valve disc detection device with simple structure, convenient and fast operation and reliable detection to realize the detection of the roundness error of the outer circle of the valve disc and the detection of the end face circle run-out tolerance of the valve disc becomes a problem to be considered and solved.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical problem to be solved by the invention is as follows: how to provide a simple structure, convenient operation is swift, can be used for realizing the valve plate excircle circularity error detection's valve plate detection suit and valve plate excircle circularity error detection device thereof to further make it can be used for realizing the detection to valve plate terminal surface circle tolerance of beating, and make the testing result accurate reliable.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention adopts the following technical scheme.
The device for detecting the roundness error of the excircle of the valve disc is characterized by comprising a bottom plate which is horizontally arranged, wherein a detection table is fixedly arranged at one end of the bottom plate, a detection plane in the horizontal direction is formed on the upper surface of the detection table, a fixed measuring head is fixedly arranged at one end of the detection plane, a movable measuring head which can move along the direction right opposite to the fixed measuring head is arranged at the other end of the detection plane, one end, opposite to the fixed measuring head and the movable side head, of the fixed measuring head is provided with vertical end faces which are parallel to each other and used for realizing abutting joint with the excircle face of the valve disc, a stop block is fixedly arranged at one side, opposite to the fixed measuring head and the movable measuring head, of the fixed measuring head and the movable measuring head; the other end of the bottom plate, which is opposite to the detection table, is also provided with a dial indicator mounting table, and the dial indicator mounting table is positioned on the outer side of one end of the movable measuring head, which is far away from the fixed measuring head, and is provided with a dial indicator fixing hole opposite to the movable measuring head; still include a amesdial for the circularity testing, the fixed part grafting cooperation of amesdial test rod for the circularity testing is in the amesdial fixed orifices, still is provided with on the amesdial mount table and just is provided with fastening bolt to the screw cooperation of amesdial fixed orifices and realizes the fixed of amesdial for the circularity testing.
Thus, when the device is used, the excircle end face of the valve plate of the valve standard sample is firstly attached to a detection plane and pushed into a detection station from the opening side, the movable measuring head is adjusted to ensure that the movable measuring head, the fixed measuring head and the stop block are respectively attached to the excircle face of the valve plate of the valve standard sample, then the installation position of the roundness detection dial gauge is adjusted to ensure that the contact of the roundness detection dial gauge is abutted to the outer end of the movable measuring head and the pre-reading number of the dial gauge is greater than the maximum value of the roundness tolerance of the excircle of the valve plate, and the roundness detection dial gauge is fixed through the fastening bolt; taking down the valve standard sample, attaching the excircle end face of the valve disk of the valve to be detected on a detection plane, pushing the valve disk to be detected into a detection station from the opening side, enabling the excircle face of the valve disk of the valve to be detected to be respectively attached to the movable measuring head, the fixed measuring head and the stop block, then rotating the valve to be detected for one circle, observing and recording the reading change condition of the dial indicator for roundness detection, and obtaining the roundness error of the excircle of the valve disk of the valve to be detected. Therefore, the roundness error detection of the excircle of the valve disk can be conveniently, quickly, accurately and reliably realized.
As optimization, a plurality of grooves are arranged on a detection plane of the detection station at intervals in parallel. Therefore, the contact area between the valve end face and the detection plane in the detection process is reduced, and the influence of the unevenness of the valve end face on the detection result precision is reduced.
As optimization, a guide structure arranged along the direction opposite to the fixed measuring head is arranged between the movable measuring head and the detection table. Therefore, the force application direction and the diameter direction of the dial indicator for roundness detection can be better ensured to be consistent, and the detection result is more accurate and reliable.
Preferably, the guide structure comprises a strip-shaped dovetail groove arranged on the detection table, the length direction of the dovetail groove is opposite to the direction of the fixed measuring head, and the guide structure further comprises a dovetail-shaped matching part located below the movable measuring head, and the matching part is slidably matched in the dovetail groove. Such guide structure has simple structure, the reliable advantage of direction.
Furthermore, the guide structure further comprises a vertically arranged guide bolt, the lower end of the guide bolt is screwed in the screw hole at the bottom of the dovetail groove, and the upper part of the guide bolt is slidably matched in the elongated guide hole on the movable measuring head. Like this, guide bolt not only can further lead movable gauge head, when in-process such as transportation, when not needing movable gauge head to slide, can also rely on guide bolt to fix movable gauge head locking, avoids the roll-off to lose moreover.
Still further, still the butt is provided with reset spring between activity gauge head outer end face and the amesdial mount table. Therefore, the outer circular surface of the detected valve disc can be always abutted against the fixed measuring head and the movable measuring head by means of the return spring in the detection process. The detection error caused by insufficient elasticity of the contact of the dial indicator is avoided, and the accuracy and reliability of the detection result are ensured.
Furthermore, the fixed measuring head and the stop block are provided with elongated vertical holes along the direction opposite to the detection station, and the vertical holes penetrate downwards through the bolts to be fixed on the detection platform. Like this for fixed gauge head and dog are adjustable apart from the distance that detects the station, make it can be adapted to the valve plate of different sizes and models and detect.
The invention also discloses a valve disc detection kit, which comprises the valve disc excircle roundness error detection device and a valve disc end face circular run-out detection device, wherein the valve disc end face circular run-out detection device comprises a base, and a valve positioning mechanism and a valve disc end face circular run-out detection mechanism are arranged on the base; the valve positioning mechanism is used for horizontally positioning a valve to be detected and realizing the unilateral limitation of the positioned valve in the axial direction deviating from the direction of the valve disc, the valve disc end face circle run-out detection mechanism comprises a dial indicator mounting seat, a horizontally arranged dial indicator for circle run-out detection and a dial indicator contact arranged on the dial indicator mounting seat are arranged right opposite to a detection point position deviating from the circle center on the positioned valve disc end face, and a dial indicator adjusting mechanism used for adjusting the dial indicator for circle run-out detection along the axial fixed position is arranged on the dial indicator mounting seat.
When the valve is used, the valve to be detected is horizontally positioned by the valve positioning mechanism, the axial one-side limit of the valve departing from the valve disc direction is realized, the axial position of the dial indicator is adjusted to enable the contact of the dial indicator to be in contact with the positioned detection point of the end face of the valve disc and generate certain pre-pressure, the pre-pressure reading is larger than the limit value of the circular runout tolerance of the end face of the valve disc, then the valve is rotated for a circle along the axial lead of the valve under the condition that the axial one-side limit of the valve is kept, and the difference between the maximum value and the minimum value of the reading displayed by the dial indicator is read out, namely the. Therefore, the device has the advantages of simple structure, low cost, convenience and rapidness in detection, accuracy and reliability.
As optimizing, amesdial adjustment mechanism, including a vertical montant that sets up on the amesdial mount pad, the amesdial mounting hole has been seted up to montant middle part level, the circle is beated the measuring stick of detecting with the amesdial and is pegged graft in the amesdial mounting hole with the fixed part of dial plate looks, and the floating part that is used for setting up the contact on the measuring stick of circle is beated and is stretched out the amesdial mounting hole, upwards has seted up in the montant of amesdial mounting hole top and has slotted, and the montant of slotting both sides is provided with the clamp bolt hole and the clamp bolt that corresponds along the perpendicular direction of running through that cracks, and clamp bolt is used for realizing the clamp tight in order to realize the.
Therefore, after the clamping screw rod is loosened, the detection rod of the dial indicator can be adjusted, the front position and the rear position in the mounting hole of the dial indicator can be adjusted in place and then fixed, and the mounting position of the dial indicator can generate certain pre-pressure on the end face of the positioned valve disc. Meanwhile, the structure has the advantages of simple structure, convenience and quickness in adjustment and the like.
As the optimization, valve positioning mechanism includes a valve positioning seat, valve positioning seat upper surface is provided with a constant head tank that runs through along the fore-and-aft direction, the constant head tank is used for realizing the location along constant head tank length direction to the valve, the valve positioning seat has a vertical regulating plate mounting plane that is located the constant head tank front side, both sides respectively are provided with a location screw about lieing in the constant head tank front side on the regulating plate mounting plane, both sides still respectively are provided with a vertical regulating plate about the constant head tank front side, regulating plate trailing flank and regulating plate mounting plane laminating, the inboard that two regulating plates are relative is vertical spacing face, it is provided with the horizontally rectangular hole to correspond the location screw on the regulating plate, it passes the rectangular hole that corresponds and the location screw realizes fixing to the regulating plate still to be provided with two positioning bolts.
Therefore, when the valve limiting device is used, the positioning bolt is loosened firstly, the valve is positioned in the positioning groove, the valve disc extends out of the positioning groove, then the regulating plate is moved in the left-right direction to enable the limiting surface of the regulating plate to be in contact with the conical surface behind the valve disc, then the positioning bolt is locked to fix the regulating plate, and the valve can be conveniently and quickly limited in the axial direction. Like this, rely on the conical surface contact realization of regulating plate and valve plate rear to spacing, because the valve is when production, general conical surface relies on the inner chamber of lower mould to take shape, and valve plate terminal surface relies on drift punching press to take shape, so the precision of conical surface can be higher than the precision of valve plate terminal surface far away. Therefore, the limiting is realized by means of the point contact of the limiting surface of the adjusting plate and the conical surface at the rear of the valve plate, then the limiting surface of the adjusting plate and the conical surface at the rear of the valve plate rotate to form a round line in the rotating process of the valve, the precision of the round line can be guaranteed, the error is further reduced, and the detection result is better guaranteed to be the data reflecting the flatness of the end surface of the valve plate.
Further, be provided with two positioning cylinder along the fore-and-aft direction in the constant head tank, two positioning cylinder set up side by side along constant head tank width direction, form the double-layered groove that is used for fixing a position the valve between two positioning cylinder upper surfaces, the valve positioning seat of constant head tank one side is gone up and has been seted up cylinder adjusting screw along perpendicular to constant head tank direction level, cylinder adjusting screw is two at least just to positioning cylinder setting that the level set up side by side, connects the cooperation soon on the cylinder adjusting screw and has cylinder adjusting bolt.
Like this, rely on two positioning roller to realize the location to the valve, simple structure and location convenient and fast are reliable. The tightness degree between two cylinders can be adjusted to two cylinder adjusting bolts that set up simultaneously, and then the width of the double-layered groove that forms between the two positioning roller upper surfaces of adjusting, and then realize adjusting the valve height of location, so under the fixed circumstances of amesdial high position, conveniently adjust valve high position and for being fit for realizing the position that the terminal surface circle beats the detection in order to ensure amesdial and valve plate terminal surface contact point apart from the position of the centre of a circle, ensure to detect the precision, and have the advantage of adjusting convenient and fast.
Furthermore, the roller adjusting screw hole is arranged right opposite to the position of the axis of the positioning roller. Therefore, the positioning roller can be more conveniently abutted and applied with force during tightness adjustment.
Further, the length of the positioning roller is smaller than the length of the rod part of the valve to be detected. When the valve is rotated in the detection process, the tail end of the valve rod part can stretch out the positioning roller and the suspended part can be used for realizing the rotation of the valve, the valve can be rotated more conveniently, and the positioning state of the valve during rotation can be better ensured to be unchanged, so that the detection precision is improved.
Further, the edge of the front end face of the positioning roller is provided with a chamfer. Therefore, the influence on the detection precision caused by the mutual interference of the front end surface of the positioning roller and the conical surface behind the valve plate of the valve to be detected can be better avoided.
Furthermore, an adjusting plate centering adjusting structure is further arranged, the adjusting plate centering adjusting structure comprises two adjusting nuts correspondingly arranged in front of the two adjusting plates, screw holes of the adjusting nuts are horizontally arranged along the width direction of the positioning groove, the adjusting nuts are respectively fixed on a nut seat, nut fixing screw holes are formed in the adjusting plates corresponding to the nut seats, horizontal strip-shaped holes are formed in the nut seats corresponding to the nut fixing screw holes, and nut fixing bolts penetrate through the strip-shaped holes in the nut seats and the corresponding nut fixing screw holes to realize the fixation of the nut seats on the corresponding adjusting plates; the adjusting plate centering adjusting structure further comprises a bidirectional screw rod, and two sections of external threads are symmetrically arranged on the bidirectional screw rod and are respectively screwed in the two adjusting nuts.
Therefore, the centering adjustment structure can be used for centering by virtue of the adjusting plate before detection, and adjustment can be carried out when polish rods of different models are detected. Specifically, during centering, the nut fixing bolt and the positioning bolt are loosened firstly, then the positions of the two positioning rollers are determined, a polished rod is placed between the two positioning rollers for positioning, then the two adjusting plates are moved to enable the opposite limiting surfaces of the two adjusting plates to be in contact with the polished rod, then the adjusting plates are fixed by rotating the positioning bolts, then the nut seat is fixed by rotating the nut fixing bolt, and the polished rod is taken down to realize centering. When the valve of different models size is detected after centering, can be through rotatory two-way lead screw for two regulating plates draw close or reverse separation along with the adjusting nut syntropy that corresponds, thereby adjust the width distance between two regulating plates according to the valve of different models size, make it can just with wait to detect the valve dish rear end toper position department contact in order to realize detecting and ensure and detect the precision. And then guaranteed that two regulating plates realize quick adjustment under the condition that keeps the centering, improved the convenience and the reliability of using the regulation.
Furthermore, a rotating knob is arranged at one end of the bidirectional screw rod. This facilitates the rotational adjustment.
Furthermore, a screw rod seat is arranged in the middle of the bidirectional screw rod, the screw rod seat is fixed on the base, a screw rod through hole is horizontally arranged on the screw rod seat in a penetrating mode, and the bidirectional screw rod is rotatably matched in the screw rod through hole.
Therefore, the height position of the screw rod is fixed by the screw rod seat, so that the adjustment operation is more convenient, and the condition that the subsequent detection precision is influenced by the displacement of the adjusting plate driven when the screw rod is adjusted is avoided.
Furthermore, a screw axial position limiting structure for limiting the axial displacement of the screw is arranged between the screw seat and the screw. Therefore, the left and right positions of the screw rod can be better limited, the left and right displacement of the screw rod during adjustment is better avoided, the adjustment plate is driven to move, and the symmetry and the reliability of adjustment are ensured. During implementation, the screw axial position limiting structure can be obtained by a concave-convex matching structure which is arranged between the inner wall of the screw through hole and the corresponding outer wall of the screw along the circumferential direction.
In conclusion, the valve disc roundness detection device is simple in structure, convenient and quick to operate, and capable of being used for achieving valve disc excircle roundness error detection and further valve disc end face circle run-out tolerance detection, and enabling detection results to be accurate and reliable.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the valve disc outer circle roundness error detection apparatus of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic perspective view of the valve disc end face circular runout detection device of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
Example (b):
the embodiment discloses a valve plate detects suit, valve plate detects suit includes aforementioned valve plate excircle circularity error detection device, still includes valve plate terminal surface circle detection device that beats.
The device for detecting the roundness error of the outer circle of the valve disc comprises a bottom plate 1 'which is horizontally arranged, a detection table 2' is fixedly arranged at one end of the bottom plate 1 ', a detection plane in the horizontal direction is formed on the upper surface of the detection table 2', a fixed measuring head 3 'is fixedly arranged at one end of the detection plane, a movable measuring head 4' which can move along the direction opposite to the fixed measuring head is arranged at the other end of the detection plane, one end, opposite to the fixed measuring head 3 'and the movable side head 4', of the fixed measuring head 3 'is provided with vertical end faces which are parallel to each other and used for realizing abutting joint with the outer circle face of the valve disc, a stop block 5' is fixedly arranged at one side, opposite to the fixed measuring head 3 'and the movable measuring head 4', of the stop block, a detection station is formed between the stop; the other end, opposite to the detection table, of the bottom plate 1 ' is also provided with a dial indicator installation table 6 ', and the dial indicator installation table 6 ' is positioned on the outer side of one end, away from the fixed measuring head, of the movable measuring head and is provided with a dial indicator fixing hole opposite to the movable measuring head; the dial indicator installation platform comprises a dial indicator installation platform 6 ', and is characterized by further comprising a dial indicator 7 ' for roundness detection, wherein the fixing part of a detection rod of the dial indicator 7 ' for roundness detection is inserted and matched in a dial indicator fixing hole, and a screw hole which is right aligned to the dial indicator fixing hole is arranged on the dial indicator installation platform 6 ' in a matched mode, and a fastening bolt 8 ' is arranged to realize the fixation of the dial indicator for roundness detection.
Thus, when the device is used, the excircle end face of the valve plate of the valve standard sample is firstly attached to a detection plane and pushed into a detection station from the opening side, the movable measuring head is adjusted to ensure that the movable measuring head, the fixed measuring head and the stop block are respectively attached to the excircle face of the valve plate of the valve standard sample, then the installation position of the roundness detection dial gauge is adjusted to ensure that the contact of the roundness detection dial gauge is abutted to the outer end of the movable measuring head and the pre-reading number of the dial gauge is greater than the maximum value of the roundness tolerance of the excircle of the valve plate, and the roundness detection dial gauge is fixed through the fastening bolt; taking down the valve standard sample, attaching the excircle end face of the valve disk of the valve to be detected on a detection plane, pushing the valve disk to be detected into a detection station from the opening side, enabling the excircle face of the valve disk of the valve to be detected to be respectively attached to the movable measuring head, the fixed measuring head and the stop block, then rotating the valve to be detected for one circle, observing and recording the reading change condition of the dial indicator for roundness detection, and obtaining the roundness error of the excircle of the valve disk of the valve to be detected. Therefore, the roundness error detection of the excircle of the valve disk can be conveniently, quickly, accurately and reliably realized.
Wherein, a plurality of grooves 9' are arranged on the detection plane of the detection station at intervals in parallel. Therefore, the contact area between the valve end face and the detection plane in the detection process is reduced, and the influence of the unevenness of the valve end face on the detection result precision is reduced.
Wherein, a guide structure which is arranged along the direction opposite to the fixed measuring head is also arranged between the movable measuring head and the detection platform. Therefore, the force application direction and the diameter direction of the dial indicator for roundness detection can be better ensured to be consistent, and the detection result is more accurate and reliable.
The guide structure comprises a strip-shaped dovetail groove 10 ' arranged on the detection table, the length direction of the dovetail groove 10 ' is opposite to the direction of the fixed measuring head, and the guide structure further comprises a dovetail-shaped matching part located below the movable measuring head, and the matching part can be matched in the dovetail groove 10 ' in a sliding mode. Such guide structure has simple structure, the reliable advantage of direction.
The guide structure further comprises a vertically arranged guide bolt, the lower end of the guide bolt is screwed in a screw hole in the bottom of the dovetail groove, and the upper portion of the guide bolt is slidably matched in a long-strip-shaped guide hole in the movable measuring head. Like this, guide bolt not only can further lead movable gauge head, when in-process such as transportation, when not needing movable gauge head to slide, can also rely on guide bolt to fix movable gauge head locking, avoids the roll-off to lose moreover.
And a return spring 11' is also arranged between the outer end face of the movable measuring head and the dial indicator mounting table in an abutting mode. Therefore, the outer circular surface of the detected valve disc can be always abutted against the fixed measuring head and the movable measuring head by means of the return spring in the detection process. The detection error caused by insufficient elasticity of the contact of the dial indicator is avoided, and the accuracy and reliability of the detection result are ensured.
And the fixed measuring head 3 'and the stop block 5' are provided with elongated vertical holes along the direction opposite to the detection station, and the vertical holes are downwards penetrated through by bolts to be fixed on the detection platform. Like this for fixed gauge head and dog are adjustable apart from the distance that detects the station, make it can be adapted to the valve plate of different sizes and models and detect.
The valve disc end face circular runout detection device is shown in fig. 2 and comprises a base 1, wherein a valve positioning mechanism and a valve disc end face circular runout detection mechanism are arranged on the base 1; the valve positioning mechanism is used for horizontally positioning a valve to be detected and realizing the unilateral limitation of the positioned valve in the axial direction deviating from the direction of the valve disc, the valve disc end face circle run-out detection mechanism comprises a dial indicator mounting seat 2, a horizontally arranged dial indicator 3 for circle run-out detection and a dial indicator contact for circle run-out detection are installed on the dial indicator mounting seat 2 and are arranged right opposite to a detection point position deviating from the circle center on the positioned valve disc end face, and a dial indicator adjusting mechanism used for adjusting the position of the dial indicator for circle run-out detection along the axial direction is arranged on the dial indicator mounting seat 2.
When the valve is used, the valve to be detected is horizontally positioned by the valve positioning mechanism, the axial one-side limit of the valve departing from the valve disc direction is realized, the axial position of the dial indicator is adjusted to enable the contact of the dial indicator to be in contact with the positioned detection point of the end face of the valve disc and generate certain pre-pressure, the pre-pressure reading is larger than the limit value of the circular runout tolerance of the end face of the valve disc, then the valve is rotated for a circle along the axial lead of the valve under the condition that the axial one-side limit of the valve is kept, and the difference between the maximum value and the minimum value of the reading displayed by the dial indicator is read out, namely the. Therefore, the device has the advantages of simple structure, low cost, convenience and rapidness in detection, accuracy and reliability.
The utility model provides a dial indicator adjustment mechanism, including a vertical montant 4 that sets up on the dial indicator mount pad, the dial indicator mounting hole has been seted up to 4 middle part levels of montant, circle is beated and is detected the measuring stick of using dial indicator 3 and is pegged graft in the dial indicator mounting hole with the part that the dial plate is fixed mutually, and the circle is beated and is used for setting up the unsteady part of contact on detecting stick of using dial indicator 3 and stretch out the dial indicator mounting hole, upwards has seted up in the montant of dial indicator mounting hole top and has slotted, and the montant of slotting both sides is provided with clamping bolt hole and corresponding clamping bolt 5 along the perpendicular direction of cracking that runs through, and clamping bolt 5 is used for realizing the clamp of slotting in order to realize that the circle.
Therefore, after the clamping screw rod is loosened, the detection rod of the dial indicator can be adjusted, the front position and the rear position in the mounting hole of the dial indicator can be adjusted in place and then fixed, and the mounting position of the dial indicator can generate certain pre-pressure on the end face of the positioned valve disc. Meanwhile, the structure has the advantages of simple structure, convenience and quickness in adjustment and the like.
Wherein, valve positioning mechanism includes a valve positioning seat 6, 6 upper surfaces of valve positioning seat are provided with one and follow the constant head tank that the fore-and-aft direction runs through, the constant head tank is used for realizing the location along constant head tank length direction's to the valve, the valve positioning seat has a vertical regulating plate mounting plane that is located the constant head tank front side, both sides respectively are provided with a location screw about lieing in the constant head tank front side on the regulating plate mounting plane, both sides still respectively are provided with a vertical regulating plate 7 about the constant head tank front side, 7 trailing flank of regulating plate and the laminating of regulating plate mounting plane, two relative inboards of regulating plate 7 are vertical spacing faces, it is provided with horizontally rectangular hole to correspond the location screw on the regulating plate 7, it realizes fixing regulating plate 7 still to be provided with two positioning bolt 8 and pass corresponding rectangular hole and.
Therefore, when the valve limiting device is used, the positioning bolt is loosened firstly, the valve is positioned in the positioning groove, the valve disc extends out of the positioning groove, then the regulating plate is moved in the left-right direction to enable the limiting surface of the regulating plate to be in contact with the conical surface behind the valve disc, then the positioning bolt is locked to fix the regulating plate, and the valve can be conveniently and quickly limited in the axial direction. Like this, rely on the conical surface contact realization of regulating plate and valve plate rear to spacing, because the valve is when production, general conical surface relies on the inner chamber of lower mould to take shape, and valve plate terminal surface relies on drift punching press to take shape, so the precision of conical surface can be higher than the precision of valve plate terminal surface far away. Therefore, the limiting is realized by means of the point contact of the limiting surface of the adjusting plate and the conical surface at the rear of the valve plate, then the limiting surface of the adjusting plate and the conical surface at the rear of the valve plate rotate to form a round line in the rotating process of the valve, the precision of the round line can be guaranteed, the error is further reduced, and the detection result is better guaranteed to be the data reflecting the flatness of the end surface of the valve plate.
Wherein, be provided with two positioning roller 9 along the fore-and-aft direction in the constant head tank, two positioning roller 9 set up side by side along constant head tank width direction, form the double-layered groove that is used for fixing a position the valve between two positioning roller upper surfaces, the valve positioning seat of constant head tank one side is gone up and has been seted up cylinder adjusting screw along perpendicular to constant head tank direction level, cylinder adjusting screw is two at least just to positioning roller setting that the level set up side by side, connects the cooperation to have cylinder adjusting bolt 10 on the cylinder adjusting screw soon.
Like this, rely on two positioning roller to realize the location to the valve, simple structure and location convenient and fast are reliable. The tightness degree between two cylinders can be adjusted to two cylinder adjusting bolts that set up simultaneously, and then the width of the double-layered groove that forms between the two positioning roller upper surfaces of adjusting, and then realize adjusting the valve height of location, so under the fixed circumstances of amesdial high position, conveniently adjust valve high position and for being fit for realizing the position that the terminal surface circle beats the detection in order to ensure amesdial and valve plate terminal surface contact point apart from the position of the centre of a circle, ensure to detect the precision, and have the advantage of adjusting convenient and fast.
Wherein, the roller adjusting screw hole is arranged right opposite to the axis position of the positioning roller 9. Therefore, the positioning roller can be more conveniently abutted and applied with force during tightness adjustment.
Wherein, the length of the positioning roller 9 is less than the length of the rod part of the valve to be detected. When the valve is rotated in the detection process, the tail end of the valve rod part can stretch out the positioning roller and the suspended part can be used for realizing the rotation of the valve, the valve can be rotated more conveniently, and the positioning state of the valve during rotation can be better ensured to be unchanged, so that the detection precision is improved.
Wherein, the edge of the front end surface of the positioning roller 9 is provided with a chamfer. Therefore, the influence on the detection precision caused by the mutual interference of the front end surface of the positioning roller and the conical surface behind the valve plate of the valve to be detected can be better avoided.
The adjusting plate centering adjustment structure comprises two adjusting nuts 11 correspondingly arranged in front of the two adjusting plates, screw holes of the adjusting nuts 11 are horizontally arranged along the width direction of the positioning groove, the adjusting nuts are respectively fixed on a nut seat 12, nut fixing screw holes are formed in the adjusting plates corresponding to the nut seats 12, horizontal strip holes are formed in the nut seats corresponding to the nut fixing screw holes, and nut fixing bolts 13 penetrate through the strip holes in the nut seats and the corresponding nut fixing screw holes to fix the nut seats 12 on the corresponding adjusting plates 7; the adjusting plate centering adjusting structure further comprises a bidirectional screw 14, and two sections of external threads are symmetrically arranged on the bidirectional screw and are respectively screwed in the two adjusting nuts.
Therefore, the centering adjustment structure can be used for centering by virtue of the adjusting plate before detection, and adjustment can be carried out when polish rods of different models are detected. Specifically, during centering, the nut fixing bolt and the positioning bolt are loosened firstly, then the positions of the two positioning rollers are determined, a polished rod is placed between the two positioning rollers for positioning, then the two adjusting plates are moved to enable the opposite limiting surfaces of the two adjusting plates to be in contact with the polished rod, then the adjusting plates are fixed by rotating the positioning bolts, then the nut seat is fixed by rotating the nut fixing bolt, and the polished rod is taken down to realize centering. When the valve of different models size is detected after centering, can be through rotatory two-way lead screw for two regulating plates draw close or reverse separation along with the adjusting nut syntropy that corresponds, thereby adjust the width distance between two regulating plates according to the valve of different models size, make it can just with wait to detect the valve dish rear end toper position department contact in order to realize detecting and ensure and detect the precision. And then guaranteed that two regulating plates realize quick adjustment under the condition that keeps the centering, improved the convenience and the reliability of using the regulation.
Wherein, a rotating knob 15 is arranged at one end part of the bidirectional screw 14. This facilitates the rotational adjustment.
Wherein, two-way lead screw middle part is provided with a lead screw seat 16, and lead screw seat 16 fixes on base 1, and lead screw seat 16 is improved level and is run through and be provided with the lead screw through-hole, and two-way lead screw 14 is rotationally in the lead screw through-hole.
Therefore, the height position of the screw rod is fixed by the screw rod seat, so that the adjustment operation is more convenient, and the condition that the subsequent detection precision is influenced by the displacement of the adjusting plate driven when the screw rod is adjusted is avoided.
Wherein, be provided with the lead screw axial position limit structure of restriction lead screw axial displacement between lead screw seat and the lead screw. Therefore, the left and right positions of the screw rod can be better limited, the left and right displacement of the screw rod during adjustment is better avoided, the adjustment plate is driven to move, and the symmetry and the reliability of adjustment are ensured. During implementation, the screw axial position limiting structure can be obtained by a concave-convex matching structure which is arranged between the inner wall of the screw through hole and the corresponding outer wall of the screw along the circumferential direction.

Claims (8)

1. A valve plate detection set is characterized by comprising a valve plate excircle roundness error detection device, and the valve plate excircle roundness error detection device comprises a horizontally arranged bottom plate, wherein a detection table is fixedly arranged at one end of the bottom plate, a detection plane in the horizontal direction is formed on the upper surface of the detection table, a fixed measuring head is fixedly arranged at one end of the detection plane, a movable measuring head capable of moving in the direction just opposite to the fixed measuring head is arranged at the other end of the detection plane, one end, opposite to the fixed measuring head and the movable side head, of the fixed measuring head is provided with vertical end faces parallel to each other and used for realizing abutting joint with the outer circle face of a valve plate, a stop block is fixedly arranged at one side, opposite to the fixed measuring head and the movable measuring head, so that a detection station is formed among the; the other end of the bottom plate, which is opposite to the detection table, is also provided with a dial indicator mounting table, and the dial indicator mounting table is positioned on the outer side of one end of the movable measuring head, which is far away from the fixed measuring head, and is provided with a dial indicator fixing hole opposite to the movable measuring head; the device also comprises a roundness detection dial indicator, wherein a fixing part of a detection rod of the roundness detection dial indicator is inserted and matched in a fixing hole of the dial indicator, and a screw hole which is opposite to the fixing hole of the dial indicator is also arranged on the mounting table of the dial indicator and is matched with a fastening bolt to realize the fixation of the roundness detection dial indicator;
the valve disc end face circular run-out detection device comprises a base, wherein a valve positioning mechanism and a valve disc end face circular run-out detection mechanism are arranged on the base; the valve positioning mechanism is used for horizontally positioning a valve to be detected and realizing the unilateral limit of the positioned valve in the axial direction deviating from the direction of the valve disc, the circular runout detection mechanism on the end surface of the valve disc comprises a dial indicator mounting seat, a horizontally arranged dial indicator for circular runout detection is mounted on the dial indicator mounting seat, the contact of the circular runout detection dial indicator is arranged right opposite to the position of a detection point deviating from the circle center on the end surface of the positioned valve disc, and a dial indicator adjusting mechanism used for adjusting the axial fixing position of the dial indicator for circular runout detection is arranged on the dial indicator mounting seat;
the valve positioning mechanism comprises a valve positioning seat, the upper surface of the valve positioning seat is provided with a positioning groove which penetrates along the front-back direction, the positioning groove is used for positioning a valve along the length direction of the positioning groove, the valve positioning seat is provided with a vertical adjusting plate mounting plane which is positioned at the front side of the positioning groove, the left side and the right side of the front side of the positioning groove on the adjusting plate mounting plane are respectively provided with a positioning screw hole, the left side and the right side of the front side of the positioning groove are respectively provided with a vertical adjusting plate, the rear side surface of the adjusting plate is attached to the adjusting plate mounting plane, the opposite inner sides of the two adjusting plates are vertical limiting surfaces, the corresponding positioning screw holes on the adjusting plates are provided with horizontal long holes, and two positioning bolts penetrate through the corresponding long holes and;
be provided with two positioning roller along the fore-and-aft direction in the constant head tank, two positioning roller set up side by side along constant head tank width direction, form the double-layered groove that is used for fixing a position the valve between two positioning roller upper surfaces, have seted up cylinder adjusting screw along perpendicular to constant head tank direction level on the valve positioning seat of constant head tank one side, cylinder adjusting screw is two at least just to positioning roller setting that the level set up side by side, connect the cooperation soon on the cylinder adjusting screw to have cylinder adjusting bolt.
2. The valve disc detection kit according to claim 1, wherein a plurality of grooves are arranged on the detection plane of the detection station at intervals in parallel.
3. The valve disc testing kit of claim 1, wherein a guide structure is disposed between the movable probe and the testing table in a direction opposite to the fixed probe.
4. The valve disc testing kit according to claim 3, wherein the guide structure comprises an elongated dovetail groove disposed on the testing table, the dovetail groove having a length direction facing the direction of the fixed probe, and a dovetail-shaped engaging portion disposed below the movable probe, the engaging portion being slidably engaged in the dovetail groove.
5. The valve disc detection kit according to claim 3, wherein the guide structure further comprises a vertically arranged guide bolt, the lower end of the guide bolt is screwed in the screw hole at the bottom of the dovetail groove, and the upper part of the guide bolt is slidably fitted in the elongated guide hole of the movable measuring head.
6. The valve disc detection kit according to claim 3, wherein a return spring is further arranged between the outer end face of the movable measuring head and the dial indicator mounting table in an abutting mode.
7. The valve disc detecting kit according to claim 1, wherein the fixed measuring head and the stopper are provided with elongated vertical holes along a direction opposite to the detecting station, and are fixed on the detecting table by bolts penetrating through the vertical holes downwards.
8. The valve disc detection kit according to claim 1, wherein the dial indicator adjusting mechanism comprises a vertical rod vertically arranged on the dial indicator mounting seat, a dial indicator mounting hole is horizontally formed in the middle of the vertical rod, the fixed part of the detection rod and the dial plate of the dial indicator is inserted into the dial indicator mounting hole, the floating part of the contact on the detection rod of the dial indicator for detecting circular runout extends out of the dial indicator mounting hole, a slit is upwards formed in the vertical rod above the dial indicator mounting hole, clamping bolt holes and corresponding clamping bolts are arranged in the direction of the vertical penetrating slit on the vertical rods on two sides of the slit, and the clamping bolts are used for clamping the slit so as to fix the dial indicator.
CN201810547589.5A 2018-05-31 2018-05-31 Valve plate detection set and valve plate excircle roundness error detection device thereof Expired - Fee Related CN108759631B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810547589.5A CN108759631B (en) 2018-05-31 2018-05-31 Valve plate detection set and valve plate excircle roundness error detection device thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810547589.5A CN108759631B (en) 2018-05-31 2018-05-31 Valve plate detection set and valve plate excircle roundness error detection device thereof

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108759631A CN108759631A (en) 2018-11-06
CN108759631B true CN108759631B (en) 2020-05-01

Family

ID=64000916

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810547589.5A Expired - Fee Related CN108759631B (en) 2018-05-31 2018-05-31 Valve plate detection set and valve plate excircle roundness error detection device thereof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108759631B (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110411320A (en) * 2019-08-08 2019-11-05 嘉善大冶机电科技有限公司 A kind of simple type roundness tester

Family Cites Families (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3942253A (en) * 1972-03-14 1976-03-09 Iosif Davydovich Gebel Device for measuring deviation of the normal section profile of a part from the round shape
JPH0486502A (en) * 1990-07-31 1992-03-19 Fuji Oozx Kk Measuring method for roundness of internal hole of cylindrical workpiece
CN100588498C (en) * 2008-02-26 2010-02-10 安阳鑫盛机床股份有限公司 Self-centering machine tool center bracket system
CN202229688U (en) * 2011-07-27 2012-05-23 浙江豪情汽车制造有限公司 Valve sealing surface bounce amount measuring tool
CN103234415B (en) * 2013-04-11 2016-03-23 鹰普(中国)有限公司 A kind of cubing measuring part outer size and circularity
CN203286975U (en) * 2013-05-24 2013-11-13 温州市冠盛汽车零部件集团股份有限公司 Detection gauge for coaxiality and circularity of retainer of universal joint
CN107238336A (en) * 2017-07-14 2017-10-10 长江师范学院 Engine valve stem detection device

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN108759631A (en) 2018-11-06

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN108534628B (en) Method for detecting circular runout of end face of valve disc by utilizing conical surface at rear side of valve disc
CN108981527B (en) Method for detecting precision of excircle and end face of valve plate
CN107631675B (en) Valve detection suit equipment and length detection device thereof
CN207123240U (en) A kind of air valve total length detection means
CN108955502B (en) Method for detecting end face precision of valve plate
CN108759631B (en) Valve plate detection set and valve plate excircle roundness error detection device thereof
CN103940316B (en) A kind of modular construction cubing for being exclusively used in detecting underbody side girder assembly
CN108680089B (en) Valve plate end face detection equipment
CN108398071B (en) Valve detection device
CN203190943U (en) Automatic detection device for air-valve hydraulic tappet
CN110553563B (en) Cylinder head cover gauge and detection method thereof
CN208155238U (en) A kind of valve retainer roundness of external circle error detecting apparatus and its detection suit
CN208140012U (en) A kind of valve disk terminal facial plane degree detection device
CN107726958B (en) Device and method for detecting depth of special-shaped throttle groove of plunger of fuel nozzle valve
CN113655194B (en) Rotation adjusting mechanism and probe frame detection table with same
WO2019041725A1 (en) Machine for inspecting interior of sponge roller and inspection method thereof
CN207991403U (en) A kind of valve retainer end face circle jitter detection apparatus
CN211876908U (en) Valve length measuring device
CN207991404U (en) Valve detent mechanism for the circle run-out tolerance detection of valve retainer end face
CN214503665U (en) Valve rotating speed detection device
CN209102026U (en) A kind of Multi point measuring apparatus
CN207163369U (en) Valve length detection mechanism
CN206740062U (en) A kind of valve stem end surface glitch detection mechanism
CN207123239U (en) Understructure for air valve total length detection
CN213179751U (en) Engine outlet pipe inspection device

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20200501

Termination date: 20210531