CN108744081A - A kind of sputum aspirator of respiratory tract and Pulmonary Diseases - Google Patents

A kind of sputum aspirator of respiratory tract and Pulmonary Diseases Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108744081A
CN108744081A CN201810593401.0A CN201810593401A CN108744081A CN 108744081 A CN108744081 A CN 108744081A CN 201810593401 A CN201810593401 A CN 201810593401A CN 108744081 A CN108744081 A CN 108744081A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sputum aspirator
pipe
level
sputum
bend pipe
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Granted
Application number
CN201810593401.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108744081B (en
Inventor
赵洪珍
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Traditional Chinese Medical Co
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Chengdu Guanyu Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810593401.0A priority Critical patent/CN108744081B/en
Publication of CN108744081A publication Critical patent/CN108744081A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108744081B publication Critical patent/CN108744081B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Classifications

    • A61M1/0023
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M1/00Suction or pumping devices for medical purposes; Devices for carrying-off, for treatment of, or for carrying-over, body-liquids; Drainage systems
    • A61M1/84Drainage tubes; Aspiration tips
    • A61M1/86Connectors between drainage tube and handpiece, e.g. drainage tubes detachable from handpiece
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M1/00Suction or pumping devices for medical purposes; Devices for carrying-off, for treatment of, or for carrying-over, body-liquids; Drainage systems
    • A61M1/88Draining devices having means for processing the drained fluid, e.g. an absorber
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M2209/00Ancillary equipment
    • A61M2209/08Supports for equipment

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of respiratory tract and the sputum aspirators of Pulmonary Diseases, carrying handle including sputum aspirator shell and mounted on sputum aspirator shell lower end, the side of sputum aspirator shell is connected with dismounting joint, dismounting joint is connected with Chu Tan mechanisms by aspirator vacuum mechanism, the upper end of Chu Tan mechanisms is equipped with liquid supplying device, dismounting joint includes from left to right connector escape pipe and internal thread construction section successively, sputum aspirator cage connection has outer occlusion thread segment, and the end of internal thread construction section is equipped with rubber seal section, connector escape pipe is equipped with venthole, venthole is internally provided with outgassing nonreturn valve, and the inner wall of connector escape pipe is additionally provided with filtering cylindricality plate, the side of filtering cylindricality plate is additionally provided with construction opening;This programme Whole-dismountable is installed, and can timely be diluted to the sputum of suction, is handled convenient for the cleaning and sterilizing in later stage, is increased various air-tightness processing in component junction, is ensured the condition of negative pressure of phlegm storage jar, improve the security and stability of sputum aspirator.

Description

A kind of sputum aspirator of respiratory tract and Pulmonary Diseases
Technical field
The present invention relates to clinical medical instrument technical field, the sputum aspirator of specially a kind of respiratory tract and Pulmonary Diseases.
Background technology
Breathing problem is the common disease of the mankind, frequently-occurring disease, endangers human health, and the retention of sputum brings danger to body Evil, and promote microbial reproduction in respiratory tract, grow, lead to disease progression, aggravates infection.When sputum is more, sticky simultaneously, meeting Block bronchus, causes anoxic even atelectasis.The crowds such as the elderly, thoracic postop, long-term bed person, if amount of expectoration is more When, rational decorporation phlegm removes respiratory secretions in time, keeps respiratory passage unblocked, and disease is promoted to restore early.
In the current classification Manpower sputum aspirator of phlegm sucking equipment and electric sputum sucker two major classes, manually sputum aspirator is using In, it needs a people that suction sputum piston, another people is pulled to hold sputum aspirator tube, draws piston to be easy to cause manually and be short of power so that inhale Phlegm is difficult, and two people are needed during suction sputum, time-consuming and laborious so that the breathing of patient is more difficult, sputum is less susceptible to It excretes.
In the prior art scheme, such as a kind of novel sputum sucking device of Publication No. CN201420605849.7 comprising Electronic attractor and sputum bottle have connecting tube between sputum bottle and electronic attractor, the outer end of connecting tube is connected in electronic attraction The inner end of machine, connecting tube is connected at the top of sputum bottle, and the side of sputum bottle is connected with conduit, and the inner end port direction of connecting tube is led The outer end of the inner end port of pipe, conduit is communicated with four-way connection, the Single port of the outer end connection four-way connection of conduit, four-way connection Its excess-three port at be connected at suction pipe and each port and be also fixed with opening/closing device, opening/closing device can control suction pipe conducting and It closes, sputum aspirator is easy to operate, reduces the labour burden of operator, and the suction sputum working time is short.
, due to the problem of designing, often there are the feelings of installation crack in sputum aspirator tube installation process in existing electric sputum sucker Condition, after the sputum aspirator tube of sputum aspirator is inserted into suction sputum position, sputum aspirator tube can swing, and position is unstable, causes to be susceptible to airtight Property difference problem, influence the convenience and agility of suction sputum, and many connecting components of sputum aspirator at present are airtight in order to ensure Property, it is designed to integral structure, this can cause cleaning inconvenient again, be easy to cause bacteria breed, and sputum is remaining, the resistance of patient In the case that power is bad, secondary injury may be caused to patient;And some sputums are than denser, after a period of time is sucked out, It is easy to cause and is difficult to clean, increase inconvenience.
Invention content
In order to overcome the shortcomings of prior art, the present invention provides the sputum aspirator of a kind of respiratory tract and Pulmonary Diseases, Whole-dismountable is installed, and is handled the cleaning and sterilizing of each component convenient for the later stage, to improve safety in utilization, and is connected in component It meets place and increases various air-tightness processing, ensure the condition of negative pressure of phlegm storage jar, improve the performance and safety of sputum aspirator ontology Stability is added liquid supplying device, can timely be diluted to the sputum of suction, and cleaning operation of the later stage to phlegm storage jar is convenient for, It can effectively solve the problem that the problem of background technology proposes.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
The sputum aspirator of a kind of respiratory tract and Pulmonary Diseases, including sputum aspirator shell and mounted on sputum aspirator shell lower end The side of carrying handle, the sputum aspirator shell is connected with dismounting joint, and the dismounting joint is connected by aspirator vacuum mechanism You Chu phlegm mechanism, the Chu Tan mechanisms are also associated with sputum aspirator tube, and the upper end of the Chu Tan mechanisms is additionally provided with liquid supplying device;
The dismounting joint is from left to right successively including connector escape pipe and the internal thread being arranged inside connector escape pipe Construction section, the sputum aspirator cage connection has outer occlusion thread segment, and the end of the internal thread construction section is close equipped with rubber Section is sealed, the connector escape pipe is equipped with venthole, and the venthole is internally provided with outgassing nonreturn valve, and the connector goes out The inner wall of tracheae is additionally provided with filtering cylindricality plate on outlet hole site, and the upper and lower surface of the filtering cylindricality plate is equipped with ventilation and cuts Slot, and the side of the filtering cylindricality plate is additionally provided with construction opening.
As a kind of preferred technical solution of the present invention, two are additionally provided between the internal thread construction section and rubber seal section A clamping L-square, and two clamping L-squares are arranged in the diametric(al) of internal thread construction section, and the clamping is straight One surface of gusset is equipped with arc shiny surface, and the outer occlusion thread segment is equipped with and the clamping matched locking protrusion of L-square.
As a kind of preferred technical solution of the present invention, the aspirator vacuum mechanism includes being arranged inside connector escape pipe Level-one be evacuated bend pipe, and be evacuated bend pipe, and level-one pumping bend pipe and two with the two level that connect of level-one pumping bend pipe It is equipped between grade pumping bend pipe and filters absorption of pipe, the end of the level-one pumping bend pipe is connected with oviduct, the level-one pumping The outer surface of bend pipe is fixed with cylinder and assigns part, the cylinder that the both ends of part is assigned to be respectively equipped with limiting plate and elastic plate, Described in limiting plate be located at the outside of connector escape pipe, the elastic plate is located at the inside of connector escape pipe, and the cylinder is assigned The outer surface of part is also wrapped on elastic sealing gasket.
As a kind of preferred technical solution of the present invention, the pipe that filters absorption of includes being separately positioned on level-one pumping bend pipe It is equipped with internal thread segment, institute with the cylindrical openings pipe of the cylindrical openings pipe on two level pumping bend pipe, the level-one pumping bend pipe connection The cylindrical openings pipe for stating two level pumping bend pipe connection is connected with external thread section, the cylindrical openings pipe of the two level pumping bend pipe connection Edge is additionally provided with the locking rubber groove of C words.
As a kind of preferred technical solution of the present invention, the outer surface of two cylindrical openings pipes also is provided with external screw thread Section, the external thread section are equipped with sealing sleeve pipe, and the sealing sleeve pipe is internally provided with internal thread segment, and the external thread section Adjacent thread between be equipped with air packing.
As a kind of preferred technical solution of the present invention, the Chu Tan mechanisms include dividing webs, setting in separation company The sealed shield of fishplate bar upper surface and the storage connector in dividing webs lower surface is set, is set respectively on the sealed shield There are screw thread hole slot and sealing blank pipe, the sealing blank pipe is integrated with sealed shield, and the sealed shield is in spiral shell The outside of pit slot is equipped with interior concave ring groove, and the inner surface of the interior concave ring groove also is provided with air packing, and the sputum aspirator tube is solid Surely it is set on sealing blank pipe.
As a kind of preferred technical solution of the present invention, the outer surface of the storage connector also is provided with external thread section, and And the lower surface of the dividing webs is also fixed in the outside of storage connector and is equipped with air packing, the storage connector is logical It crosses threaded engagement and is connected with phlegm storage jar.
As a kind of preferred technical solution of the present invention, the two level pumping bend pipe, which sequentially passes through screw thread hole slot and separates, to be connected Fishplate bar, and also it is fixed with bullet sealing plate outside two level pumping bend pipe.
As a kind of preferred technical solution of the present invention, the top liquid feed device of the sealed shield, the liquid feed device Including the feed flow threaded inlet in sealed shield upper surface is arranged, the feed flow threaded inlet is equipped with water inlet by threaded engagement The inner wall of pipe, the water inlet pipe is equipped with rubber retainer plate, and the nozzle of the water inlet pipe is equipped with leak orifice plate, the sealing The upper surface of shield is additionally provided with two locking loops, and each locking loop is respectively fixedly connected with that there are two protected with sealing Hinged support leg is covered, the both ends of the locking loop are respectively equipped with projecting plate, and the projecting plate is equipped with screw thread hole slot.
As a kind of preferred technical solution of the present invention, the sputum aspirator shell is equipped with the clamping for phlegm storage jar to be clamped Mechanism, the clamp system include two clamping arm of forces for being hinged on sputum aspirator shell front and rear sides, on the sputum aspirator shell Equipped with hinged upright bar, the clamping arm of force is mounted in hinged upright bar, and is arranged with torsionspring outside the hinged upright bar, institute The both ends for stating torsionspring are separately positioned on sputum aspirator shell and the clamping arm of force, and the end of the clamping arm of force is equipped with folder Tight card slot, the phlegm storage jar is equipped with and clamps the fixed ear of pocket matches, and is also set in the upper and lower ends of the fixed ear There is limit riser.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
(1) Whole-dismountable installation of the present invention, is handled the cleaning and sterilizing of each component convenient for the later stage, to improve using peace Quan Xing, and increase various air-tightness processing in component junction, improve the performance and safety and stability of sputum aspirator ontology Property, ensure the condition of negative pressure of phlegm storage jar, to when in use, can quickly and easily take out sputum.
(2) present invention can timely dilute the sputum of suction, by adding liquid supplying device convenient for the later stage to storing up phlegm The cleaning operation of tank, and increase bottled clamping device, improve the stability of integrated model when in use.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the dismounting joint structural schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the clamping L-square work structure diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the gas vacuum mechanism structural schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 5 filters absorption of pipe structural schematic diagram for the present invention's;
Fig. 6 is the storage phlegm mechanism structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 7 be the present invention Fig. 6 in A enlarged structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 8 is the liquid supplying device structural schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the tight mechanism structure schematic diagram of clip of the present invention;
Figure label
1- sputum aspirator shells;2- carrying handles;3- dismounting joints;4- aspirator vacuums mechanism;5- Chu Tan mechanisms;6- suction sputums Pipe;7- liquid supplying devices;8- clamp systems;
301- connector escape pipes;302- internal thread construction sections;It is engaged thread segment outside 303-;304- rubber seal sections;305- Venthole;306- outgassing nonreturn valves;307- filters cylindricality plate;308- ventilation groovings;309- construction openings;310- is clamped right angle Plate;311- arc shiny surfaces;The locking protrusions of 312-;
401- level-ones are evacuated bend pipe;402- two levels are evacuated bend pipe;403- filters absorption of pipe;404- oviducts;405- cylinders Assign part;406- limiting plates;407- elastic plates;408- elastic sealing gaskets;
4031- cylindrical openings pipes;4032- internal thread segments;4033- external thread sections;4034- has the locking rubber groove of C words; 4035- sealing sleeve pipes;4036- air packings;
501- dividing webs;502- sealed shields;503- stores connector;504- screw thread hole slots;505- seals blank pipe; Concave ring groove in 506-;507- phlegm storage jars;508- bullet sealing plates;
701- feed flow threaded inlets;702- water inlet pipes;703- rubber retainer plates;704- leak orifice plates;The locking arcs of 705- Circle;706- support legs;707- projecting plates;708- screw thread hole slots;
The arm of force is clamped in 801-;802- is hinged upright bar;803- torsionsprings;804- clamps card slot;805- fixed ears;806- is limited Position riser.
Specific implementation mode
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation describes, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1, the present invention provides a kind of respiratory tract and the sputum aspirator of Pulmonary Diseases, including sputum aspirator shell 1 It is connected with dismounting joint 3 with the side of the carrying handle 2 mounted on 1 lower end of sputum aspirator shell, the sputum aspirator shell 1, it is described Dismounting joint 3 is connected with Chu Tan mechanisms 5 by aspirator vacuum mechanism 4, and the Chu Tan mechanisms 5 are also associated with sputum aspirator tube 6, the storage The upper end of phlegm mechanism 5 is additionally provided with liquid supplying device 7, and the carrying handle 2 is easy to carry, easy to use, saves strength, dismounting joint 3 effect is mainly evacuated Chu Tan mechanisms 5 using aspirator vacuum mechanism 4, and the gas discharge extracted out, Chu Tan mechanisms Air pressure in 5 is small, is transferred in Chu Tan mechanisms 5 from sputum aspirator tube 6 to the phlegm of patient, realizes suction sputum operation, liquid feed device 7 can be right Phlegm in fluid reservoir is diluted, and is convenient for the cleaning operation in later stage.
It should be added that being equipped with drive motor and eccentric wheel in the sputum aspirator shell 1, sputum aspirator is being connected After power supply, the air in Chu Tan mechanisms 5 is sucked out by aspirator vacuum mechanism 4 in the motor band movable eccentric wheel in sputum aspirator shell 1, It rotates in cycles in this way, negative pressure is generated in Shi Chu phlegm mechanism 5, sputum is sucked out.
It also is provided with exhaust outlet on the sputum aspirator shell 1, the exhaust outlet setting is in the corresponding sputum aspirator shell of eccentric wheel 1 On, it is additionally provided with filter activity charcoal in exhaust outlet, improves the quality of exhaust.
It is additionally provided with pumping air pressure and drive motor power knob on the sputum aspirator shell 1, can adjust drive motor power, And then the size of bleeding regulating air pressure, it is adjusted for different suction sputum situations.
It further remarks additionally, the bottom of the sputum aspirator shell 1 can also add shifting roller, can be by sputum aspirator Shell 1 is arbitrarily moved, while shifting roller is additionally provided with brake(-holder) block, can be fixed when in use, and use is easily facilitated.
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, the dismounting joint 3 includes from left to right connector escape pipe 301 successively and is arranged in connector Internal thread construction section 302 inside escape pipe 301, the sputum aspirator shell 1 are connected with outer occlusion thread segment 303, dismounting joint 3 It is realized and is fixed by internal thread construction section 302 and outer occlusion thread segment 303 with sputum aspirator shell 1.
The end of the internal thread construction section 302 is equipped with rubber seal section 304, the internal thread construction section 302 and rubber Two clamping L-squares 310 are additionally provided between seal section 304, and two settings of clamping L-square 310 are pacified in internal thread In the diametric(al) for filling section 302, a surface of the clamping L-square 310 is equipped with arc shiny surface 311, the outer occlusion spiral shell Line section 303 is equipped with and is clamped L-square 310 matched locking raised 312, when internal thread construction section 302 and outer occlusion thread segment 303 when the last one threaded engagement, and locking raised 312 can just be engaging in the angle of clamping L-square 310, at this time Rubber seal section 304 is expressed to maximum flexibility and realizes sealing.
Locking raised 312 and clamping L-square 310 it is mutual locking, on the one hand can increase dismounting joint 3 and sputum aspirator Stability when shell 1 is installed, on the other hand can do internal thread construction section 302 and outer occlusion thread segment 303 is engaged fixed limit Position processing, rubber seal section 304 can further reduce the gap between dismounting joint 3 and sputum aspirator shell 1, realize completely close Envelope.
Arc shiny surface 311 can reduce locking raised 312 and be clamped resistance of the L-square 310 when locking, easy to use.
The connector escape pipe 301 is equipped with venthole 305, and the venthole 305 is internally provided with outgassing nonreturn valve 306, and the inner wall of the connector escape pipe 301 is additionally provided with filtering cylindricality plate 307, the filtering on 305 position of venthole The upper and lower surface of cylindricality plate 307 is equipped with ventilation grooving 308, and the side of the filtering cylindricality plate 307 is additionally provided with installation and opens Mouth 309 after aspirator vacuum mechanism 4 extracts the gas in Chu Tan mechanisms 5 out, is discharged, drive motor and bias from venthole 305 Chu Tan mechanisms 5 can be in negative pressure state to wheel by rotation in cycles.
In exhaust, increased 307 main function of filtering cylindricality plate is that the gas of extraction is filtered purification, has been prevented Pollutant enters air, improves medical environment, is conducive to health, consequently facilitating Rehabilitation.
Gas first passes around filtering cylindricality plate 307, the layer that filters absorption of in filtering cylindricality plate 307 can be right before exhaust Gas carries out purification degermation, then by grooving 308 of ventilating be discharged into venthole 305, is provided in venthole 305 Gas check valve 306 prevents extraneous air from entering in connector escape pipe 301 by venthole 305, it is ensured that aspirator vacuum mechanism 4 Normal use, and the construction opening 309 of 307 side of cylindricality plate is filtered, it is conveniently replaceable filtering absorption of in filtering cylindricality plate 307 Layer.
It should be added that the outside of filtering cylindricality plate 307 is also provided with swivel becket, layer installation is being filtered absorption of In use, swivel becket is rotated along filtering cylindricality plate 307, construction opening 309 is closed, to ensure to filter absorption of layer While mounting stability, swivel becket is rotated along filtering cylindricality plate 307, construction opening 309 is opened, is convenient for mistake Filter absorbed layer is replaced.
The connector escape pipe 301 of the present invention is installed with 1 Whole-dismountable of sputum aspirator shell, simple in structure, and passes through spiral shell Line is engaged and air cushion squeezes the air-tightness for improving air outlet adapter, consequently facilitating the later stage carries out disinfection processing to air outlet adapter, raising Safety in utilization.
As shown in Figure 6 and Figure 7, the Chu Tan mechanisms 5 include dividing webs 501, are arranged in 501 upper table of dividing webs The sealed shield 502 in face and the storage connector 503 in 501 lower surface of dividing webs is set, the storage connector 503 Outer surface also is provided with external thread section 4033, and the lower surface of the dividing webs 501 is in the outside of storage connector 503 Fixed to be equipped with air packing 4036, the storage connector 503 is connected with phlegm storage jar 507 by threaded engagement, and the storage connects Connector 503 is mainly used for connecting phlegm storage jar 507, and internal thread is equipped in phlegm storage jar 507, can not when phlegm storage jar 507 is installed Disconnected extruding air packing 4036, so as to increase the air-tightness of phlegm storage jar 507, guarantee will not gas leakage, ensure in phlegm storage jar 507 Condition of negative pressure.
Dividing webs 501 are structure as a whole with sealed shield 502, and leakproofness is strong, and dividing webs 501 and sealing The space that shield 502 is formed is vacuum structure, ensures condition of negative pressure.
Be respectively equipped on the sealed shield 502 screw thread hole slot 504 and sealing blank pipe 505, the sealing blank pipe 505 with it is close Closure cover is integrated, and the sealed shield 502 is equipped in the outside of screw thread hole slot 504 and sealing blank pipe 505 Interior concave ring groove 506, and the inner surface of the interior concave ring groove 506 also is provided with air packing 4036, and the fixation of the sputum aspirator tube 6 is set in It seals on blank pipe 505, the sealing blank pipe 505 is also to be fixed in screw thread hole slot 504 by threaded engagement, and sealing sky When the occlusion installation of pipe 505, and the air packing in interior concave ring groove 506, it can effectively prevent sealing blank pipe 505 when mounted The situation to leak air, so as to effectively ensure 507 condition of negative pressure of phlegm storage jar.
The surface for sealing blank pipe 505 is smooth, after sputum aspirator tube 6 to be directly set in sealing blank pipe 505, can also pass through clip Increase the air-tightness of sputum aspirator tube 6.
In addition it remarks additionally, the end of sputum aspirator tube 6 is additionally provided with multiple suction sputum heads, and the suction sputum head surface is equipped with soft Property sucker, can by sputum suck sputum aspirator tube 6 in, flexible sucker is rubber material, flexible sucker be equipped with multiple cellular suction sputums Mouthful.
Chu Tan mechanisms 5 ensure air-tightness, to can ensure that the negative pressure of phlegm storage jar 507 when being connect with other structures Condition, convenient for by sputum since draught head is pressed directly into phlegm storage jar 507.
As shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, the aspirator vacuum mechanism 4 includes the level-one pumping being arranged inside connector escape pipe 301 Bend pipe 401, and bend pipe 402 is evacuated with the two level that connect of level-one pumping bend pipe 401, and level-one pumping bend pipe 401 and It is equipped between two level pumping bend pipe 402 and filters absorption of pipe 403, the main function of aspirator vacuum mechanism 4 is carried out to phlegm storage jar 507 Pumping, and the gas extracted out is evacuated bend pipe 402 from two level and level-one pumping bend pipe 401 imports in connector escape pipe 301, in turn It is discharged from venthole 305.
The end of the level-one pumping bend pipe 401 is connected with oviduct 404, the outer surface of the level-one pumping bend pipe 401 Being fixed with cylinder assigns part 405, the cylinder that the both ends of part 405 is assigned to be respectively equipped with limiting plate 406 and elastic plate 407, Described in limiting plate 406 be located at the outside of connector escape pipe 301, the elastic plate 407 is located at the inside of connector escape pipe 301, The cylinder assigns the outer surface of part 405 to be also wrapped on elastic sealing gasket 408, in level-one pumping bend pipe 401 and connector escape pipe 301 installation when, cylinder assign part 405 by elastic sealing gasket 408 increase air-tightness, and the quality of limiting plate 406 compared with Firmly, elastic plate 407 has elastic air-tightness, when level-one pumping bend pipe 401 is installed, can elastic plate 407 be inserted into connector On escape pipe 301, when level-one pumping bend pipe 401 is dismantled, it can directly extract out, be easy to use, while air-tightness is good.
The pipe 403 that filters absorption of includes the column being separately positioned on level-one pumping bend pipe 401 and two level pumping bend pipe 402 Shape open tube 4031, the cylindrical openings pipe 4031 that the level-one pumping bend pipe 401 connects are equipped with internal thread segment 4032, the two level The cylindrical openings pipe 4031 that pumping bend pipe 402 connects is connected with external thread section 4033, the column that the two level pumping bend pipe 402 connects 4031 edge of shape open tube is additionally provided with the locking rubber groove 4034 of C words, and described filter absorption of also is provided with filtering adsorption layer in pipe 403, Mainly the gas to be extracted out to phlegm storage jar 507 is filtered degerming, and filtering absorption of pipe 403 can be by cylindrical openings pipe 4031 The occlusion of internal thread segment 4032 and external thread section 4033 is fixed and dismantles, to be replaced to filtering adsorption layer, other C The locking rubber groove of word 4034 also further increases air-tightness when in use, prevents gas leakage from destroying the condition of negative pressure of phlegm storage jar 507.
The outer surface of two cylindrical openings pipes 4031 also is provided with external thread section 4033, is set on the external thread section 4033 There is a sealing sleeve pipe 4035, the sealing sleeve pipe 4035 is internally provided with internal thread segment 4032, and the external thread section 4033 Air packing 4036 is equipped between adjacent thread, two cylindrical openings pipes 4031 are after being fixedly connected, sealing sleeve pipe 4035 Double encapsulation process is carried out, to further increase hermetic seal.
The two level pumping bend pipe 402 sequentially passes through screw thread hole slot 504 and dividing webs 501, and the two level pumping is curved Also bullet sealing plate 508 is fixed with outside pipe 402, the two level pumping bend pipe 402 is externally provided with pacifies with the screw thread of screw thread hole slot 504 Column is filled, and is sealed with the realization that is engaged of air packing 4036 by bullet sealing plate 508, it is easy to disassemble, also increase whole gas Close property.
As shown in figure 8, the liquid feed device 7 includes the feed flow threaded inlet 701 being arranged in 502 upper surface of sealed shield, The feed flow threaded inlet 701 is equipped with water inlet pipe 702 by threaded engagement, and the inner wall of the water inlet pipe 702 is solid equipped with rubber Surely 703 are enclosed, and the nozzle of the water inlet pipe 702 is equipped with leak orifice plate 704, liquid feed device 7 can carry out the phlegm in fluid reservoir The cleaning operation in later stage is convenient in dilution.
For the present invention by the combined use of aspirator vacuum mechanism 4 and Chu Tan mechanisms 5, air-tightness is good, in sputum aspirator shell 1 Drive motor and eccentric wheel can constantly be evacuated phlegm storage jar 507 by aspirator vacuum mechanism 4, while sputum aspirator tube 6 utilizes Draught head takes out the sputum of patient, increases the convenience of suction sputum, so as to by the power source for controlling extraction sector, change and inhale The air pressure of phlegm.
It should be added that the water inlet pipe 702 passes through dividing webs 501 to be inserted into phlegm storage jar 507, water inlet pipe It is fixed in feed flow threaded inlet 701 by threaded engagement, it is easy to disassemble.
In water inlet pipe 702 when installation reagent bottle, control valve can be added in reagent bottle, added consequently facilitating adjusting Enter the rate of reagent.
The present invention can timely dilute the sputum of suction, by the way that liquid feed device 7 is arranged convenient for the later stage to phlegm storage jar 507 cleaning operation, and increase clamp system 8, improve the stability of integrated model when in use.
The upper surface of the sealed shield 502 is additionally provided with two locking loops 705, each locking loop 705 The support leg 706 hinged with sealed shield 502 there are two being respectively fixedly connected with, the both ends of the locking loop 705 are set respectively There are projecting plate 707, the projecting plate 707 to be equipped with screw thread hole slot 708, reagent bottle can be fixed in locking loop 705, increase The stability of reagent adding bottle when in use, prevents external impact from reagent bottle being caused to fall, and influences safety in utilization, and replacing When reagent bottle, two locking loops 705 are opened by screw thread hole slot 708, and by support leg 706 around sealed shield 502 Rotation, you can two locking loops 705 are separated, water storage reagent bottle is unloaded.
As shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 9, the sputum aspirator shell 1 is equipped with the clamp system 8 for fixing phlegm storage jar 507, described Clamp system 8 includes two clamping arm of forces 801 for being hinged on 1 front and rear sides of sputum aspirator shell, and the sputum aspirator shell 1 is equipped with Hinged upright bar 802, the clamping arm of force 801 are mounted in hinged upright bar 802, and are arranged with torsion outside the hinged upright bar 802 Turn spring 803, the both ends of the torsionspring 803 are separately positioned on sputum aspirator shell 1 and the clamping arm of force 801, clamp system 8 Stable holding can be carried out to phlegm storage jar 507, the clamping arm of force 801 can be rotated around hinged upright bar 802, realize the folder to phlegm storage jar 507 It holds and discharges.
The end of the clamping arm of force 801, which is equipped with, clamps card slot 804, and the phlegm storage jar 507 is equipped with and clamps card slot 804 Matched fixed ear 805, and it is additionally provided with limit riser 806 in the upper and lower ends of the fixed ear 805, to phlegm storage jar 507 Clamping when, card slot 804 will be clamped and be engaging in fixed ear 805 and can be realized, limit riser 806 can prevent from clamping card slot 804 It is mobile, increase stability when clamping.
When phlegm storage jar 507 is clamped in the clamping arm of force 801, torsionspring 803 is normal condition, is used to improve When stability need to move the clamping arm of force 801 when being replaced to phlegm storage jar 507, card slot 804 will be clamped from fixed ear 805 It detaches.
In addition the present invention also provides a kind of sputum aspirator, sealing performance is strong, easy to use, and what can be stablized carries out patient Suction sputum operates.Specific works method is as follows:
(1) level-one pumping bend pipe 401 is fixedly mounted in connector escape pipe 301 first, and level-one is evacuated bend pipe The 401 cylindrical openings pipes 4031 that bend pipe 402 is evacuated with two level are fixedly mounted.
(2) connector escape pipe 301 is fixedly mounted with sputum aspirator shell 1 by threaded engagement.
(3) two level pumping bend pipe 402 is passed through into sealed shield 502 and dividing webs 501, into phlegm storage jar 507.
(4) phlegm storage jar 507 and storage connector 503 are tightly connected, and sputum aspirator tube 6 is connect with phlegm storage jar 507.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that invention is not limited to the details of the above exemplary embodiments, Er Qie In the case of without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, the present embodiments are to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive, and the scope of the present invention is by appended power Profit requires rather than above description limits, it is intended that all by what is fallen within the meaning and scope of the equivalent requirements of the claims Variation is included within the present invention.Any reference signs in the claims should not be construed as limiting the involved claims.

Claims (10)

1. the sputum aspirator of a kind of respiratory tract and Pulmonary Diseases, including sputum aspirator shell (1) and under sputum aspirator shell (1) The carrying handle (2) at end, it is characterised in that:The side of the sputum aspirator shell (1) is connected with dismounting joint (3), the dismounting Connector (3) is connected with Chu Tan mechanisms (5) by aspirator vacuum mechanism (4), and the Chu Tan mechanisms (5) are also associated with sputum aspirator tube (6), The upper end of the Chu Tan mechanisms (5) is additionally provided with liquid supplying device (7);
The dismounting joint (3) includes from left to right that connector escape pipe (301) and setting are internal in connector escape pipe (301) successively Internal thread construction section (302), the sputum aspirator shell (1) is connected with outer occlusion thread segment (303), and the internal thread is pacified The end for filling section (302) is equipped with rubber seal section (304), and the connector escape pipe (301) is equipped with venthole (305), described Venthole (305) is internally provided with outgassing nonreturn valve (306), and the inner wall of the connector escape pipe (301) is in venthole (305) filtering cylindricality plate (307) is additionally provided on position, the upper and lower surface of the filtering cylindricality plate (307) is equipped with ventilation grooving (308), and the side of the filtering cylindricality plate (307) is additionally provided with construction opening (309).
2. the sputum aspirator of a kind of respiratory tract according to claim 1 and Pulmonary Diseases, it is characterised in that:The internal thread Two clamping L-squares (310) are additionally provided between construction section (302) and rubber seal section (304), and two clampings are straight Gusset (310) is arranged in the diametric(al) of internal thread construction section (302), and a surface of the clamping L-square (310) is set There are arc shiny surface (311), the outer occlusion thread segment (303) to be equipped with and clamping L-square (310) matched locking protrusion (312)。
3. the sputum aspirator of a kind of respiratory tract according to claim 1 and Pulmonary Diseases, it is characterised in that:The pumping is true Empty mechanism (4) includes the setting level-one pumping bend pipe (401) internal in connector escape pipe (301), and is evacuated bend pipe with level-one (401) the two level pumping bend pipe (402) connected, and between level-one pumping bend pipe (401) and two level pumping bend pipe (402) Equipped with pipe (403) is filtered absorption of, the end of the level-one pumping bend pipe (401) is connected with oviduct (404), the level-one pumping The outer surface of bend pipe (401) is fixed with cylinder and assigns part (405), the cylinder that the both ends of part (405) is assigned to be respectively equipped with limit Position plate (406) and elastic plate (407), wherein the limiting plate (406) is located at the outside of connector escape pipe (301), the elasticity Plate (407) is located at the inside of connector escape pipe (301), and the cylinder assigns the outer surface of part (405) to be also wrapped on elastic packing It pads (408).
4. the sputum aspirator of a kind of respiratory tract according to claim 3 and Pulmonary Diseases, it is characterised in that:The filtering is inhaled Closed tube (403) includes the cylindrical openings pipe being separately positioned on level-one pumping bend pipe (401) and two level pumping bend pipe (402) (4031), the cylindrical openings pipe (4031) that the level-one pumping bend pipe (401) connects is equipped with internal thread segment (4032), the two level The cylindrical openings pipe (4031) that pumping bend pipe (402) connects is connected with external thread section (4033), the two level pumping bend pipe (402) Cylindrical openings pipe (4031) edge of connection is additionally provided with the locking rubber groove of C words (4034).
5. the sputum aspirator of a kind of respiratory tract according to claim 4 and Pulmonary Diseases, it is characterised in that:Two columns The outer surface of shape open tube (4031) also is provided with external thread section (4033), and the external thread section (4033) is equipped with sealing sleeve pipe (4035), the sealing sleeve pipe (4035) is internally provided with internal thread segment (4032), and the phase of the external thread section (4033) Air packing (4036) is equipped between adjacent screw thread.
6. the sputum aspirator of a kind of respiratory tract according to claim 1 and Pulmonary Diseases, it is characterised in that:The storage phlegm machine Structure (5) includes dividing webs (501), is arranged and is dividing in the sealed shield (502) of dividing webs (501) upper surface and setting Storage connector (503) every connecting plate (501) lower surface, the sealed shield (502) are equipped with screw thread hole slot (504) and close Blank pipe (505) is sealed, the sealing blank pipe (505) is integrated with sealed shield (502), and the sealed shield (502) it is equipped with interior concave ring groove (506) in the outside of screw thread hole slot (504), and the inner surface of the interior concave ring groove (506) is also set There is air packing (4036), the sputum aspirator tube (6) is fixed to be set on sealing blank pipe (505).
7. the sputum aspirator of a kind of respiratory tract according to claim 6 and Pulmonary Diseases, it is characterised in that:The storage connects The outer surface of connector (503) also is provided with external thread section (4033), and the lower surface of the dividing webs (501) connects in storage Also fixation is equipped with air packing (4036) in the outside of connector (503), and the storage connector (503) is connected with by threaded engagement Phlegm storage jar (507).
8. the sputum aspirator of a kind of respiratory tract according to claim 3 and Pulmonary Diseases, it is characterised in that:The two level is taken out Gas bend pipe (402) sequentially passes through screw thread hole slot (504) and dividing webs (501), and two level pumping bend pipe (402) is outside Also it is fixed with bullet sealing plate (508).
9. the sputum aspirator of a kind of respiratory tract according to claim 1 and Pulmonary Diseases, it is characterised in that:The feed flow dress It includes feed flow threaded inlet (701) of the setting in sealed shield (502) upper surface to set (7), and the feed flow threaded inlet (701) is logical It crosses threaded engagement and is equipped with water inlet pipe (702), the inner wall of the water inlet pipe (702) is equipped with rubber retainer plate (703), and described The nozzle of water inlet pipe (702) is equipped with leak orifice plate (704), and the upper surface of the sealed shield (502) is additionally provided with two locking arcs Shape circle (705), each locking loop (705) are respectively fixedly connected with that there are two the supports hinged with sealed shield (502) The both ends of leg (706), the locking loop (705) are respectively equipped with projecting plate (707), and the projecting plate (707) is equipped with spiral shell Pit slot (708).
10. the sputum aspirator of a kind of respiratory tract according to claim 1 and Pulmonary Diseases, it is characterised in that:The suction sputum Device shell (1) is equipped with the clamp system (8) for phlegm storage jar (507) to be clamped, and the clamp system (8) is hinged on including two The clamping arm of force (801) of sputum aspirator shell (1) front and rear sides, the sputum aspirator shell (1) are equipped with hinged upright bar (802), institute It states the clamping arm of force (801) to be mounted in hinged upright bar (802), and torsionspring is arranged with outside the hinged upright bar (802) (803), the both ends of the torsionspring (803) are separately positioned on sputum aspirator shell (1) and the clamping arm of force (801), and institute The end for stating the clamping arm of force (801) is equipped with clamping card slot (804), and the phlegm storage jar (507) is equipped with and clamps card slot (804) The fixed ear (805) matched, and it is additionally provided with limit riser (806) in the upper and lower ends of the fixed ear (805).
CN201810593401.0A 2018-06-11 2018-06-11 Sputum suction device for respiratory tract and lung diseases Expired - Fee Related CN108744081B (en)

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