CN108708632A - A kind of safety electronic lock that easily dress and energy auto-manual operate - Google Patents

A kind of safety electronic lock that easily dress and energy auto-manual operate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108708632A
CN108708632A CN201810796787.5A CN201810796787A CN108708632A CN 108708632 A CN108708632 A CN 108708632A CN 201810796787 A CN201810796787 A CN 201810796787A CN 108708632 A CN108708632 A CN 108708632A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
lock
clutch
box
lock core
gear
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810796787.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王京沪
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Individual
Original Assignee
Individual
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to CN201810796787.5A priority Critical patent/CN108708632A/en
Publication of CN108708632A publication Critical patent/CN108708632A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B13/00Devices preventing the key or the handle or both from being used
    • E05B13/005Disconnecting the handle
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B47/00Operating or controlling locks or other fastening devices by electric or magnetic means
    • E05B47/0001Operating or controlling locks or other fastening devices by electric or magnetic means with electric actuators; Constructional features thereof
    • E05B47/0012Operating or controlling locks or other fastening devices by electric or magnetic means with electric actuators; Constructional features thereof with rotary electromotors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B47/00Operating or controlling locks or other fastening devices by electric or magnetic means
    • E05B47/0001Operating or controlling locks or other fastening devices by electric or magnetic means with electric actuators; Constructional features thereof
    • E05B2047/0014Constructional features of actuators or power transmissions therefor
    • E05B2047/0018Details of actuator transmissions
    • E05B2047/0026Clutches, couplings or braking arrangements

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of safety easily dress and the electronic locks of energy auto-manual operation,Using clutch,It is driven lock core,The coaxially connected composition manual-automatic integrated operating mechanism of engaging power gear-box three parts,It is driven on the lock body that lock core is mounted in embedded door,The lock core shaft both ends of transmission lock core are fixedly and coaxially connected with clutch and engaging power gear-box respectively by two connecting shafts,Realize the auto-manual opening and closing lock function of electronic lock,Since lock is provided with manually,Automatic two sets of independent operating mechanisms are spare each other,There is no need to mechanical keys for emergent unlocking,The generation of technology unlocking is thoroughly prevented,Improve the safety of electronic lock,And the operating mechanism of the present invention is in door,It outside can be manual,Auto-unlocking,Solves the lock industry problem that lockset safety for a long time is contradicted with convenience,In addition,Unlocking operation is completed by lock core,So for different lock bodies when installation,Lock core need to only be changed without replacing lock body,Installation effectiveness greatly improved.

Description

A kind of safety electronic lock that easily dress and energy auto-manual operate
Technical field
The present invention relates to electronic lock field, more particularly to the electronic lock of a kind of safety easily dress and energy auto-manual operation.
Background technology
Lockset is the important security product in house, and through the ages, people have got used to being unlocked manually with key, but at certain It is not easy to the occasion unlocked manually a bit, people wish that lockset can automatically turn on again, this is the use lock demand of hommization.But currently, Or electronic lock in the market can only unlock manually or can only auto-unlocking, cannot be satisfied auto-manual unlocking hommization With lock demand, the reason is that:Opening electronic lock manually, only there are one clutch operation mechanism, no motor-operating mechanisms.And electronics is opened automatically Then only there are one electric gear draw box mechanisms for lock, and since gear box ratio is big, output shaft can not be rotated with hand and be operated, if will Two operating mechanisms merge can not just be used using then unlocking manually, and can not emergent unlocking.Therefore, to allowing electronic lock Fully meet the operational requirements of hommization, lockset must just have the operating mechanism of energy auto-manual, and key is to invent one The power gear box of a energy two-way clutch, but current electronic lock does not have such structure.It is especially existing full-automatic Lock, due to that can not be manually operated, will work every time into and out of electric gear roller box when door, and power consumption is very big, often to charge, and use Inconvenience has forced sense moreover, people will be forced to stand into and out of door every time waits several seconds for clock enabling.In addition, existing electricity Son lock, no matter manual lock or Fully-automatic lock, all only a kind of electromechanical operating mechanism, emergent unlocking will use mechanical key Spoon, can be opened by technology, dangerous, and so far, the safety of lockset and the contradiction of convenience are to trouble world's lock always The a great problem of industry, in addition, the form-factor due to numerous locksets is different, changing the outfit for user's lockset is also the another of lockset industry Hang-up.
Invention content
It is technically existing insufficient the purpose of the present invention is being directed to existing electronic lock, a kind of safety easily dress is provided and expert from The electronic lock integrally operated fully meets hommization operation demand of the people to lockset, realizes safety of the electronic lock without key Structure thoroughly prevents technology unlocking, improves the safety of electronic lock, and a kind of more hommization is provided for following artificial intelligence lock Locking operation mechanism.
The technical proposal for solving the technical problem of the invention is:A kind of safety electricity that easily dress and energy auto-manual operate Son lock, including clutch, transmission lock core, engaging power gear-box three parts, it is characterised in that:It is driven lock core and is mounted on embedded door On interior lock body, it is described transmission lock core lock core shaft both ends by two connecting shafts respectively with the clutch and engaging power tooth Roller box is fixedly and coaxially connected.
Since the forward and backward relative position that clutch and engaging power gear-box are installed on door can be different, therefore there are two types of Different mounting structures:The first structure:Clutch device is in front in plate, and engaging power gear-box is in rear panel.Second Kind structure:Engaging power gear-box can be mounted in front panel, and clutch device is in plate below.
Casting is there are one hollow shaft sleeve at the output gear axle center of the engaging power gear-box, on the hollow shaft sleeve inner wall Equipped with symmetrical two V-shaped grooves in output gear axle center, there are one limit casing, the limits for coaxial pivot bush unit in hollow shaft sleeve Set on the casing of position there are two with the symmetrical limiting slot in output gear axle center, be respectively provided with a needle roller, institute in described two limiting slots Stating stop collar inner coaxial tube pivot bush unit, there are one output shaft, the axle center side of the being provided with through-holes of output shaft.
The output shaft is equipped with spring, and one end of spring contacts with engaging power gear-box upper casing inner wall, the other end and The other end of the limit casing end thereof contacts, limit casing is contacted with engaging power gear-box lower casing inner wall.
The positive effect of the present invention is:By the invention of engaging power gear-box, using clutch, transmission lock core, clutch The coaxially connected composition manual-automatic integrated operating mechanism of power gear box three parts realizes the auto-manual open locking work(of electronic lock Energy.Since to be provided with manual, automatic two sets of independent operating mechanisms spare each other for lock, emergent unlocking there is no need to mechanical key, The generation for thoroughly having prevented technology unlocking improves the safety of electronic lock, and the operating mechanism of the present invention is equal inside and outside door Can manually, auto-unlocking, not only fully meet the unlocking demand of hommization, but also substantially save battery capacity, extend battery Service life improves convenience, solves the lock industry problem that lockset safety for a long time is contradicted with convenience, in addition, The unlocking operation of operating mechanism of the present invention is completed by lock core, so only need to change lock for different lock bodies when installation Installation effectiveness greatly improved without replacing lock body in core.Meanwhile also a kind of more people is provided for following artificial intelligence lock The locking operation mechanism of property.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the manual-automatic integrated operating mechanism structural schematic diagram of electronic lock embodiment of the present invention.
In Fig. 1, rear connecting shaft 1, back handle 2, engaging power gear-box 3, rear panel 4, motor 5, lock body 6, transmission lock core 7, lock core shaft 701, pulling part 702, preceding connecting shaft 8, front panel 9, clutch 10, front hand grip 11, door 12.
Fig. 2 is the output gear structure chart of engaging power gear-box in operating mechanism of the present invention.
In Fig. 2, A-A is sectional view of the output gear along shaft section.
B-B is the diametrically opposite sectional view of output gear.
Scheme in A-A, it is output gear 20, hollow shaft sleeve 201, limit casing 21, limiting slot 22, needle roller 23, V-shaped groove 24, defeated Shaft 25, square through-hole 251.
Scheme in B-B, gear-box upper casing 301, gear-box lower casing 302, spring 26.
Specific implementation method
In order to make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the present invention be more clear, make with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments into one The detailed description of step, it should be understood that specific embodiment described herein is only a kind of preferred specific body of thinking of the present invention It is existing, it not delimit the scope of the invention.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of safety of the present invention easily dress and the electronic lock of energy auto-manual operation, locking operation mechanism Including clutch 10, transmission lock core 7,3 three parts of engaging power gear-box, transmission lock core 7 is mounted on the lock body 6 in embedded door 12 On, it is described transmission lock core 7 701 both ends of lock core shaft by preceding connecting shaft 8, rear connecting shaft 1 respectively with the clutch 10 and from It closes power gear box 3 to be fixedly and coaxially connected, be fixedly connected with pulling part 702 among lock core shaft 701.
Front hand grip 11 is fixedly connected with the axis of clutch 10, and back handle 2 is fixedly connected with rear connecting shaft 1, the clutch 10 and engaging power gear-box 3 be then separately mounted in the forward and backward panel of lock of 12 outer surface of door, due to clutch 10 and clutch The forward and backward relative position that power gear box 3 is installed on door 12 can be different, therefore there are two types of different installations for locking operation mechanism Structure:The first structure:Clutch 10 is in front panel 9, and engaging power gear-box 3 is in rear panel 4.Second of knot Structure:Engaging power gear-box 3 can be mounted in front panel 9, and clutch 10 is in rear panel 4.The present embodiment is tied using the first Structure.
As shown in Fig. 2, there are one hollow shaft sleeve 201, institutes for casting at 20 axle center of output gear of the engaging power gear-box 3 It states 201 inner wall of hollow shaft sleeve to be equipped with symmetrical two V-shaped grooves 24 in output gear axle center, coaxial activity in hollow shaft sleeve 201 Socket there are one limit casing 21, set on the limit casing 21 there are two with the symmetrical limiting slot 22 in output gear axle center, institute It states and is respectively provided with a needle roller 23 in two limiting slots 22, output shaft 25 there are one coaxial pivot bush units in the limit casing 21, The axle center side of the being provided with through-hole 251 of output shaft 25, motor 5 is fixedly connected with gear-box upper casing 301.
The output shaft 25 is equipped with spring 26, and one end of spring 26 is contacted with 301 inner wall of engaging power gear-box upper casing, The other end of spring 26 and 21 end thereof contacts of the limit casing, the other end and 302 inner wall of gear-box lower casing of limit casing 21 Contact.
Working principle of the present invention is as follows:
In a kind of safety easily dress of the present invention and the electronic lock embodiment of energy auto-manual operation, engaging power gear-box 3 must have clutch function first, and when normal in Fig. 2, A-A, the hollow shaft sleeve 201 is motionless, needle roller 23 and hollow shaft sleeve 201 V-shaped groove 24 the inclined-plane gaps Jian You, output shaft 25 is free to rotate, when hollow shaft sleeve 201 rotates, the inclined-plane of V-shaped groove 24 Two needle rollers 23 are squeezed to output gear axle center direction simultaneously, the gap between needle roller 23 and V-shaped groove 24 disappears, and makes two needle rollers 23 stress clamp output shaft 25, at this point, hollow shaft sleeve 201 just drives output shaft 25 to rotate synchronously, when hollow shaft sleeve 201 stops turning It is dynamic, when rotating in same direction output shaft 25 with hand, the surface friction of output shaft 25 drive needle roller 23 leave the inclined-plane of V-shaped groove 24 to Gap is generated, at this point, output shaft 25 two-way can be freely rotated again, bidirectional overtaking is formed between output shaft 25 and hollow shaft sleeve 201 Clutch structure, to realize the clutch function of engaging power gear-box 3.
It, can due to being to be in discrete state between the output shaft 25 and output gear 20 of engaging power gear-box 3 when normal Directly back handle 2 being rotated with hand and 6 open and close of lock body lock being operated by rear connecting shaft 1, clutch 10 is also in separation shape when normal State, front hand grip 11 can only dally, and unlock that cannot operate pulling part 702 outdoors, and when clutch 10 is closed, front hand grip is rotated with hand 11 drive lock core shaft 701 and pulling part 702 to unlock by preceding connecting shaft 8, it is also possible to which automatically controlled mode passes through engaging power gear-box 3 Connecting shaft 1, lock core shaft 701 and pulling part 702 realize auto-unlocking after drive.
It should be noted that:The foregoing is merely the preferred embodiment of the present invention, are not intended to restrict the invention, although ginseng According to previous embodiment, invention is explained in detail, for those skilled in the art, still can be to preceding It states the technical solution recorded in embodiment to modify, or which part technical characteristic is replaced on an equal basis.
All within the spirits and principles of the present invention, any modification, equivalent substitution, improvement and etc. done, should be included in Within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of safety easily dress and the electronic lock of energy auto-manual operation, it is characterized in that including clutch (10), transmission lock core (7), engaging power gear-box (3) three parts,
The transmission lock core (7) is mounted on the lock body (6) in embedded door (12), the lock core shaft (701) of the transmission lock core (7) Both ends are connected with the coaxial fixation of the clutch (10) and engaging power gear-box (3) respectively by forward and backward two connecting shafts (8,1) It connects, is fixedly connected with pulling part (702) among mandrel (701), front hand grip (11) is fixedly connected with the axis of clutch (10), back handle (2) it is fixedly connected with rear connecting shaft (1);
There are one hollow shaft sleeve (201), the hollow shafts for casting at output gear (20) axle center of the engaging power gear-box (3) It covers (201) inner wall to be equipped with symmetrical two V-shaped grooves (24) in output gear axle center, coaxial movable sleeve in hollow shaft sleeve (201) Connect there are one limit casing (21), set on the limit casing (21) there are two with the symmetrical limiting slot in output gear axle center (22), a needle roller (23) is respectively provided in described two limiting slots (22), coaxial movable sleeve is connected in the limit casing (21) One output shaft (25), the axle center side of the being provided with through-hole (251) of output shaft (25);
The output shaft (25) is equipped with spring (26), and one end of spring (26) is contacted with gear-box upper casing (301) inner wall, another End and the limit casing (21) end thereof contacts, the other end of limit casing (21) are contacted with gear-box lower casing (302) inner wall.
2. a kind of safety as described in claim 1 easily dress and the electronic lock of energy auto-manual operation, it is characterised in that:It is described from Clutch (10) is in front panel (9), and engaging power gear-box (3) is in rear panel (4).
3. a kind of safety as described in claim 1 easily dress and the electronic lock of energy auto-manual operation, it is characterised in that:Clutch is dynamic Powershift gear case (3) is in front panel (9), and clutch (10) is in rear panel (4).
CN201810796787.5A 2018-07-19 2018-07-19 A kind of safety electronic lock that easily dress and energy auto-manual operate Pending CN108708632A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810796787.5A CN108708632A (en) 2018-07-19 2018-07-19 A kind of safety electronic lock that easily dress and energy auto-manual operate

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810796787.5A CN108708632A (en) 2018-07-19 2018-07-19 A kind of safety electronic lock that easily dress and energy auto-manual operate

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108708632A true CN108708632A (en) 2018-10-26

Family

ID=63875130

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810796787.5A Pending CN108708632A (en) 2018-07-19 2018-07-19 A kind of safety electronic lock that easily dress and energy auto-manual operate

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108708632A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110242112A (en) * 2019-06-25 2019-09-17 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 A kind of door lock and door
CN111438943A (en) * 2020-04-29 2020-07-24 华中科技大学 Manual mode, mode switching subassembly and 3D printer levelling device of automatic mode

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110242112A (en) * 2019-06-25 2019-09-17 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 A kind of door lock and door
CN111438943A (en) * 2020-04-29 2020-07-24 华中科技大学 Manual mode, mode switching subassembly and 3D printer levelling device of automatic mode

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