CN108668510B - Enclosed hot channel cabinet set - Google Patents

Enclosed hot channel cabinet set Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108668510B
CN108668510B CN201810616199.9A CN201810616199A CN108668510B CN 108668510 B CN108668510 B CN 108668510B CN 201810616199 A CN201810616199 A CN 201810616199A CN 108668510 B CN108668510 B CN 108668510B
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China
Prior art keywords
heat
air
closed
cabinet
area
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CN201810616199.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108668510A (en
Inventor
赵帅帅
黄冬梅
杨超
郑品迪
胡露露
赵雪
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Shandong Industrial Technology Research Institute of ZJU
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Shandong Industrial Technology Research Institute of ZJU
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Priority to CN201810616199.9A priority Critical patent/CN108668510B/en
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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K7/00Constructional details common to different types of electric apparatus
    • H05K7/20Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating
    • H05K7/20009Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating using a gaseous coolant in electronic enclosures
    • H05K7/20136Forced ventilation, e.g. by fans
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K7/00Constructional details common to different types of electric apparatus
    • H05K7/20Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating
    • H05K7/20009Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating using a gaseous coolant in electronic enclosures
    • H05K7/20136Forced ventilation, e.g. by fans
    • H05K7/20145Means for directing air flow, e.g. ducts, deflectors, plenum or guides
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K7/00Constructional details common to different types of electric apparatus
    • H05K7/20Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating
    • H05K7/20009Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating using a gaseous coolant in electronic enclosures
    • H05K7/202Air circulating in closed loop within enclosure wherein heat is removed through heat-exchangers
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K7/00Constructional details common to different types of electric apparatus
    • H05K7/20Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating
    • H05K7/2029Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating using a liquid coolant with phase change in electronic enclosures
    • H05K7/20309Evaporators
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K7/00Constructional details common to different types of electric apparatus
    • H05K7/20Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating
    • H05K7/2029Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating using a liquid coolant with phase change in electronic enclosures
    • H05K7/20318Condensers
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K7/00Constructional details common to different types of electric apparatus
    • H05K7/20Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating
    • H05K7/2029Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating using a liquid coolant with phase change in electronic enclosures
    • H05K7/20336Heat pipes, e.g. wicks or capillary pumps
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K7/00Constructional details common to different types of electric apparatus
    • H05K7/20Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating
    • H05K7/20709Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating for server racks or cabinets; for data centers, e.g. 19-inch computer racks
    • H05K7/20718Forced ventilation of a gaseous coolant
    • H05K7/20736Forced ventilation of a gaseous coolant within cabinets for removing heat from server blades
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K7/00Constructional details common to different types of electric apparatus
    • H05K7/20Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating
    • H05K7/20709Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating for server racks or cabinets; for data centers, e.g. 19-inch computer racks
    • H05K7/208Liquid cooling with phase change
    • H05K7/20818Liquid cooling with phase change within cabinets for removing heat from server blades

Abstract

The invention discloses a closed heat channel cabinet set, which comprises a top plate and a plurality of sets of cabinets, wherein the top plate and the plurality of sets of cabinets form a closed space, and the closed space comprises a heat channel, a heat exchange area and a collection area; the cooling device comprises a heat pipe, wherein the heat pipe is provided with an evaporation section and a condensation section, and the evaporation section is positioned in the heat exchange area and is inserted into the heat conducting plate; the enclosed space is provided with an air outlet for discharging cooling air flow and providing the cooling air flow to the air inlet side of the cabinet, and the collecting area is communicated with the air outlet. The invention provides a closed hot channel cabinet set which can prevent cold air and hot air from being mixed.

Description

Enclosed hot channel cabinet set
Technical Field
The present invention relates to the field of cabinet cooling, and more particularly, to a closed hot aisle cabinet set.
Background
The heat density of novel rack-mounted servers and blade-type servers adopted in a large number in a data center is increasing year by year, and the heat pipe technology is used as an efficient heat dissipation technology to effectively solve the embarrassment that the high-heat-density data center cannot effectively dissipate heat. However, due to factors such as technology and process, the application of heat pipe technology in data centers is still in a research stage, and related products are rarely visible. The application of the heat pipe technology in the cooling system of the data center at present, the main technical problems are as follows: the contact time of hot air discharged by the cabinet and the heat pipe is short, the contact area is small, and the cooling efficiency is low; the hot channel is the layout design of server cabinets and other computing equipment of the data center, when the hot channel is not closed, part of hot air exhausted by the cabinet is not effectively cooled, so that uncooled hot air flows and cooled cold air flows are mixed, the cooling efficiency of the cabinet is low, and the cooling effect is poor.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a closed hot channel cabinet set which can prevent cold and hot air from being mixed.
The technical scheme adopted for solving the technical problems is as follows: the closed heat channel cabinet group comprises a top plate and a plurality of groups of cabinets, wherein the top plate and the plurality of groups of cabinets form a closed space, and the closed space comprises a heat channel, a heat exchange area and a collection area; the cooling device comprises a heat pipe, wherein the heat pipe is provided with an evaporation section and a condensation section, and the evaporation section is positioned in the heat exchange area and is inserted into the heat conducting plate; the enclosed space is provided with an air outlet for discharging cooling air flow and providing the cooling air flow to the air inlet side of the cabinet, and the collecting area is communicated with the air outlet. By arranging the closed space, a closed heat channel through which the hot air flows is formed, and the hot air and the cooled air are prevented from being mixed. The heat conducting plate is made of aluminum or other materials with good heat conducting performance, and is arranged at the evaporation section of the heat pipe so as to increase the contact time and the contact area of the hot air flow and the heat pipe, and the hot air flow is sufficiently cooled.
In some embodiments, multiple sets of cabinets are arranged in sequence, the cabinets having an exhaust side and an intake side, the exhaust side facing the interior of the enclosure. The hot air exhausted by the cabinet is accumulated in the closed space, so that the hot air is cooled. Preferably, the enclosed space may be irregularly shaped. Preferably, the enclosed space may be in the shape of a cylinder, cube, cuboid, etc. in a regular manner. The enclosed space is arranged in a regular shape, the hot air flow discharged by each machine cabinet is equal in contact with the evaporating section of the heat pipe, and the hot air flow discharged by each machine cabinet can be effectively cooled. The hot air exhausted from the exhaust side of the cabinet enters the evaporation section of the heat pipe through the closed heat channel to cool the hot air. The thermal channel can also be used as an operation area for the early installation and later operation of the heat pipe or the cabinet.
In some embodiments, as shown, the heat channels, heat exchange zone, and collection zone are coaxially disposed, with the heat exchange zone being located between the heat channels and collection zone.
In some embodiments, the surface of the heat conducting plate is provided with insertion holes for inserting the evaporation sections of the heat pipes, and the evaporation sections of the heat pipes are inserted on the heat conducting plate through the insertion holes; the heat conducting plates are arranged in parallel up and down, and gaps are arranged among the heat conducting plates, through which air flows pass. And one part of the hot air flows through the air to exchange heat with the evaporation section of the heat pipe, and the other part of the hot air flows through the heat conducting plate to exchange heat with the evaporation section of the heat pipe, so that the contact time and the contact area of the hot air flow and the heat pipe are increased by the heat conducting plate, and the hot air flow is sufficiently cooled. The evaporation sections of the heat pipes are uniformly inserted into the heat conducting plate along the surface circumference of the heat conducting plate, so that hot air flow in all directions can be contacted with the heat pipes, and the number of insertion holes 231 for inserting the heat pipes is required to be determined according to the heat exchange amount when the cabinet runs at full load.
In some embodiments, the central position of each heat conducting plate is provided with an exhaust hole through which air flows, and a plurality of exhaust holes are stacked up and down to form a collecting area, and the collecting area is positioned at the central position of the closed space. The collecting area is positioned at the center of the closed space, which is beneficial to the accumulation of cold air flow.
In some embodiments, the air outlet is arranged at the top or the bottom of the closed space, and the air outlet is provided with a fan, and the fan corresponds to the position of the collecting area. The fan is used for sending the cooled cold air flow in the collecting area to the air inlet side of the cabinet. When the air outlet is formed in the top of the closed space, the fans are arranged on the top plate, and the cold air flow accumulated in the collecting area is further sent to the air inlet side of the cabinet through the air outlet by the fans. When the air outlet is formed in the bottom of the closed space, the fans are located below the floor, the bottom plate corresponding to the air inlet side of the cabinet is provided with an air inlet into which cold air enters, the air inlet is paved with a floor grid, the fans are arranged below the floor grid again, and cooled air flow enters the air inlet side of the cabinet through the air inlet.
In some embodiments, the cabinets are sealed by applying sealant and/or adding sealing strips. Through sealing treatment, the air leakage at the joint between the two cabinets is avoided.
In some embodiments, the enclosure is provided with a door that is positioned between the two cabinets. Doors are used for the ingress and egress of equipment and personnel.
The working process of the invention comprises the following steps: the hot air flow discharged from the cabinet enters the heat exchange area through the closed heat channel, one part of the hot air flow exchanges heat with the heat pipe evaporation section in the heat exchange area through air, the other part of the hot air flow exchanges heat with the heat pipe evaporation section in the heat exchange area through the heat conducting plate, the cooled air flow is converged in the converging area after heat exchange, and the fan arranged above the converging area sends the cold air flow to the air inlet side of the cabinet for circulation.
The invention has the advantages that: 1. the cabinet and the top plate form a closed space, the closed space is inserted with a heat pipe evaporation section for cooling hot air flow, and the hot air flow and the cold air flow are separated by arranging a closed heat channel in the closed space, so that the cold and hot mixing phenomenon is avoided, and the cooling effect is improved.
2. By additionally arranging the heat conducting plate at the evaporation section of the heat pipe, the contact time and the contact area of the hot air flow and the heat pipe are increased, so that the hot air flow can be sufficiently cooled.
3. The air outlet of the closed space is provided with a plurality of fans for sending the cold air flow accumulated in the collecting area to the air inlet side of the cabinet.
4. The hot channel can be used as an operation area for early installation and later operation and maintenance work.
5. And sealing glue is smeared between the cabinets and/or sealing strips are additionally arranged to seal the cabinets, so that the air leakage at the joint between the two cabinets is avoided.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram of a cooling system.
Fig. 2 is a schematic diagram of a closed hot aisle enclosure assembly.
Fig. 3 is a front view of a closed hot aisle enclosure assembly.
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view A-A of a closed hot aisle enclosure assembly and a first cooling apparatus.
FIG. 5 is a B-B cross-sectional view of a closed hot aisle enclosure group and a first cooling arrangement.
FIG. 6 is a bottom blowing diagram of a closed hot aisle enclosure assembly and a first cooling apparatus.
Fig. 7 is a perspective view of a second cooling device.
Fig. 8 is a top view of a spiral flow path of a second cooling device.
Fig. 9 is an internal cross-sectional view of a heat conductor of a second cooling device.
Fig. 10 is a perspective view of the baffle mechanism and the drive mechanism.
Fig. 11 is a front view of the baffle mechanism and the drive mechanism.
The marks in the figure are as follows: the heat conductor 1, the enclosed space 3, the heat pipe 2, the heat exchange area 12, the collection area 13, the heat channel 31, the air outlet 14, the top plate 32, the cabinet 33, the evaporation section 21, the condensation section 22, the heat conduction section 221, the heat conduction plate 23, the heat insulation section 24, the exhaust hole 232, the fan 141, the insertion hole 231, the exhaust side 331, the air inlet side 332, the hollow part 122, the solid part 121, the air inlet 11, the air inlet channel 111, the perforation 1212, the first air supply channel 41, the air supply opening 411, the air outlet 412, the second air supply channel 42, the air inlet end 421, the air outlet end 422, the baffle mechanism 43, the driving mechanism 44, the heat exchanger 45, the controller 46, the temperature sensor 413, the fixed baffle 431, the movable baffle 432, the opening 433, the bottom plate 48, the side plate 49, the screw 441, the motor 442, the slider 443, the connecting rod 444, and the air processor 414.
Detailed Description
The invention is further described below with reference to the drawings and the detailed description.
Data center cooling system
As shown in fig. 1, the cooling system of the data center comprises a closed heat channel cabinet set, an air supply device and a cooling device, wherein the closed heat channel cabinet set comprises a top plate 32 and a plurality of groups of cabinets 33, the top plate 32 and the plurality of groups of cabinets 33 which are sequentially arranged form a closed space 3, the cabinets 33 are provided with an air exhaust side 331 and an air inlet side 332, and the air exhaust side 331 faces the inside of the closed space 3; the cooling device comprises a heat pipe 2, the heat pipe 2 is provided with an evaporation section 21 and a condensation section 22, the evaporation section 21 is positioned in an enclosed space 3, the enclosed space 3 is provided with an air outlet 14 used for sending air flow discharged from an air exhaust side 331 and cooled by the evaporation section 21 to an air inlet side 332, the air supply device comprises an air supply channel for supplying cold air, and the condensation section 22 is positioned in the air supply channel.
Enclosed hot channel cabinet set
As shown in fig. 2, the closed heat channel cabinet set is a closed space 3 formed by a top plate 32 and a cabinet 33, so as to form a closed heat channel 31 through which a hot air flow passes, and a cooling device is located in the closed space 3 to cool the hot air exhausted from the cabinet 33, and the cooling device in this embodiment is a first cooling device.
As shown in fig. 3-5, the closed heat channel cabinet set comprises a top plate 32 and a plurality of sets of cabinets 33, the top plate 32 and the plurality of sets of cabinets 33 form an enclosed space 3, the enclosed space 3 comprises a heat channel 31, a heat exchange area 12 and a collection area 13, and the heat exchange area 12 is positioned between the heat channel 31 and the collection area 13; the cooling device is arranged in the closed space 3 and comprises a heat pipe 2, the heat pipe 2 is provided with an evaporation section 21 and a condensation section 22, and the evaporation section 21 is positioned in the heat exchange area 12 and is inserted into the heat conducting plate 221; the enclosure 3 has an air outlet 14 for discharging and supplying cooling air to the air inlet side of the cabinet, and the collection area 13 communicates with the air outlet 14. By providing an enclosed space, an enclosed heat channel 31 is formed through which the hot gas flow passes, avoiding mixing of the hot gas flow with the cooled gas flow. The heat conducting plate is made of aluminum or other materials with good heat conducting performance, and is arranged at the evaporation section of the heat pipe so as to increase the contact time and the contact area of the hot air flow and the heat pipe, and the hot air flow is sufficiently cooled. Heat exchange principle of the heat pipe 2: the heat pipe is divided into an evaporation section, a heat insulation section and a condensation section, a phase change medium is arranged in the heat pipe, the medium in the evaporation section is in a liquid state, and evaporation and vaporization can be carried out after heat absorption, so that a large amount of heat is absorbed, the vaporized phase change medium flows through the heat insulation section and then enters the condensation section, the condensation section is liquefied after being contacted with a cold source, flows back to the evaporation section under the action of gravity, and enters the next circulation, so that the rapid heat transfer is realized. The evaporation section of the heat pipe is in direct contact with the heat conductor, and the whole heat conductor is cooled due to the phase change heat absorption effect of the evaporation section of the heat pipe, so that heat exchange with hot air flow is realized.
In some embodiments, as shown in fig. 2-4, a plurality of sets of cabinets 33 are arranged in sequence, with the cabinets 33 having an exhaust side 331 and an intake side 332, the exhaust side 331 facing the interior of the enclosure 3. The hot air exhausted from the cabinet 33 is accumulated in the enclosed space 3, which is beneficial to cool the hot air. Preferably, the enclosed space 3 may be irregularly shaped. Preferably, the enclosed space 3 may have a regular shape such as a cylinder, a cube, a cuboid, etc. The enclosed space 3 is arranged in a regular shape, the chance that the hot air flow discharged from each cabinet 33 contacts the heat pipe evaporation section 21 is equal, and the hot air flow discharged from each cabinet 33 can be effectively cooled. The hot air flow exiting the cabinet exhaust side 332 enters the evaporator section 21 of the heat pipe via the closed heat tunnel 31, cooling the hot air flow. The thermal channel 31 may also be used as an operating area for the early installation and later operation of the heat pipe or cabinet.
In some embodiments, as shown in fig. 4, the heat channels 31, the heat exchange zone 12 and the collection zone 13 are coaxially arranged.
In some embodiments, as shown in fig. 4 and 5, the surface of the heat conducting plate 23 is provided with a jack 231 for inserting the evaporation section 21 of the heat pipe, and the evaporation section 21 of the heat pipe 2 is inserted on the heat conducting plate 23 through the jack 231; the plurality of heat conductive plates 23 are arranged in parallel up and down with a gap between the heat conductive plates 23 through which the air flows. One part of the hot air flow exchanges heat with the evaporation section 21 of the heat pipe through air, and the other part of the hot air flow exchanges heat with the evaporation section 21 of the heat pipe through the heat conducting plate 23, so that the contact time and the contact area of the hot air flow and the heat pipe 2 are increased by the heat conducting plate 23, and the hot air flow is sufficiently cooled. The evaporation sections 21 of the heat pipes are uniformly inserted into the heat conducting plate along the surface circumference of the heat conducting plate 23, so that hot air flow in all directions can be contacted with the heat pipes, and the number of the insertion holes 231 for inserting the heat pipes is required to be determined according to the heat exchange amount when the cabinet runs at full load.
In some embodiments, as shown in fig. 5, the central position of each heat conducting plate 23 is provided with an exhaust hole 232 through which air flows, and a plurality of exhaust holes 232 are stacked up and down to form a collecting area 13, where the collecting area 13 is located at the central position of the enclosed space 3. The collecting zone 13 is located in the central position of the enclosure 3 and facilitates the accumulation of the cold air streams.
In some embodiments, as shown in fig. 5 and 6, the air outlet 14 is disposed at the top or bottom of the enclosed space 3, and the air outlet 14 is provided with a fan 141, where the fan 141 corresponds to the position of the collecting area 13. Blower 141 is used to send the cooled cold air stream in the collection zone 13 to the air intake side 332 of the cabinet. When the air outlet 14 is opened at the top of the enclosed space 3, a plurality of fans 141 are installed on the top plate 32, and the cold air flow accumulated in the collecting area 13 is further sent to the air inlet side 332 of the cabinet by the fans 141 through the air outlet 14. When the air outlet 14 is formed in the bottom of the enclosed space 3, the fans 141 are located below the floor, the bottom plate corresponding to the air inlet side 332 of the cabinet is provided with an air inlet through which cold air enters, the air inlet is paved with a floor grid, the fans are arranged below the floor grid again, and cooled air flows enter the air inlet side of the cabinet through the air inlet.
In some embodiments, as shown in fig. 2, the cabinets 33 are sealed by applying sealant and/or adding sealing strips. By sealing, the air leakage at the junction between the two cabinets 33 is ensured.
In some embodiments, as shown in fig. 2, the enclosure 3 is provided with a door 34, the door 34 being located between two cabinets 33. The door 34 is used for ingress and egress of equipment and personnel.
Cooling device
The cooling device is positioned in the closed space 3 formed by the closed heat channel cabinet group and used for cooling the hot air exhausted by the cabinet. The first cooling arrangement has been described in the closed hot aisle enclosure group. The following is a description of the structure of the second cooling device.
As shown in fig. 7-9, the second cooling device comprises a heat conductor 1 and a heat pipe 2, wherein the heat conductor 1 is provided with an air inlet 11, a heat exchange area 12, a collecting area 13 and an air outlet 14; the heat exchange area 12 has a solid portion 121 and a hollow portion 122 for air flow to pass through, the hollow portion 122 is of a spiral structure, the heat pipe 2 has an evaporation section 21 and a condensation section 22 for heat exchange with the evaporation section, the evaporation section 21 is inserted into the solid portion 121, and the air inlet 11, the hollow portion 122, the collecting area 13 and the air outlet 14 are sequentially communicated. The heat conductor 1 can be aluminum, copper or other materials with higher heat conductivity coefficients, and has high heat exchange efficiency and good heat exchange effect. The heat exchange area of the heat conductor 1 is provided with a solid part 121 and a hollow part 122 with a spiral structure, hot air flows into the heat exchange area 12 through the air inlet 11 and then enters the collecting area 13 along the hollow part 122 with the spiral structure, the contact area and the contact time of the hot air flow and the heat conductor 1 are increased by the hollow part 122 with the spiral structure, and the flow of the hot air flow is facilitated. When the heat conductor 1 and the heat pipe 2 are placed in the closed heat channel cabinet group, the air outlet of the heat conductor 1 is communicated with the air outlet of the top plate.
In some embodiments, as shown in fig. 7, the air inlets 11 are distributed along the circumferential direction and the height direction of the heat conductor 1, and the solid portion 121 is provided with an air inlet channel 111 that communicates the air inlets 11 with the hollow portion 122. The surface of the heat conductor 1 is uniformly provided with a plurality of air inlets 11, and air flows from all directions can timely and fully enter the heat conductor 1.
In some embodiments, as shown in fig. 9, the solid portion 121 is provided with perforations 1212 into which the evaporation stage 21 is inserted, the perforations 1212 being distributed along the circumference of the hollow portion 122, and the evaporation stage 21 being inserted into the solid portion 121 through the perforations 1212. The evaporation section 21 is inserted into the perforation 1212 so that the evaporation section 21 of the heat pipe is in direct contact with the solid portion 121 of the heat conductor 1. In the process that the hot air flows are accumulated in the collecting area 13 through the hollow part of the spiral structure, the contact area between the hot air flows and the heat conductor 1 is increased, the contact time between the hot air flows and the heat conductor 1 is prolonged, and the hot air flows entering the heat conductor 1 can be effectively cooled.
In some embodiments, as shown in fig. 7, the condensation section 22 of the heat pipe is inserted into a plurality of heat conducting portions 221, the heat conducting portions 221 are disposed in parallel up and down, and a gap is provided between the heat conducting portions 221. The heat pipe condensing section 22 is additionally provided with the heat conducting part 221, the heat conducting part 221 is a heat conducting plate, and in the process of cooling the condensing section 22 of the heat pipe outside, for example, cold air is used for cooling the condensing section 22, the heat conducting part 221 can increase the contact area and the contact time between the cold air and the condensing section 22 of the heat pipe, so that the condensing section 22 of the heat pipe can be effectively cooled.
In some embodiments, as shown in fig. 9, the heat exchange zones 12 are arranged circumferentially along the collecting zone 13, the collecting zone 13 being located centrally of the heat conductor 1. The collecting area 13 is arranged at the center of the heat conductor 1, so that the cooled air flows can be collected together.
In some embodiments, as shown in fig. 5 and 6, the air outlet 14 is located above or below the collection area 13, and the blower 141 is disposed at the air outlet 14. The fan located at the air outlet 14 may be a centrifugal fan. The air outlet 14 is arranged at the top or the bottom of the heat conductor 1, when the air outlet 14 is arranged at the top of the heat conductor 1, the fans 141 are arranged on the heat conductor 1, and the cooled air flow is accumulated in the collecting area 13 and is further sent to the air inlet side of the cabinet through the top plate air outlet by the fans 141. When the air outlet 14 is formed in the bottom of the heat conductor 1, the fans 141 are located in the air outlet 14, the floor corresponding to the air inlet side of the cabinet is provided with an air inlet into which cold air enters, the air inlet is paved with a floor grid, the fans 141 are arranged below the floor grid again, and cooled air flows enter the air inlet side of the cabinet through the air inlet. The fan below the floor grille can be an axial flow fan, and the air quantity of the axial flow fan is large.
In some embodiments, as shown in fig. 7, the thermal conductor 1 is a cuboid, cube, or cylinder. The shape of the heat conductor 1 is not limited, and depends on the arrangement of the cabinet.
In some embodiments, as shown in fig. 7, the heat pipe 2 also has an insulating section 24, the insulating section 24 being located between the evaporator section 21 and the condenser section 22. The air supply duct in the data center is disposed at the top of the room, so a distance must be left between the air supply duct and the top of the cabinet, which is advantageous for the arrangement of fans and other equipment in the data center due to the presence of the insulation section 24, resulting in greater operability of the data center in space.
Air supply device
And the air supply device is used for conveying cold air, the cold air exchanges heat with the condensing section of the heat pipe, and hot air after heat exchange is discharged from the air outlet of the air supply device.
As shown in fig. 1, the air supply device comprises a first air supply channel 41, wherein the first air supply channel 41 is provided with an air supply port 411 and an air outlet 412, and the air supply port 41 is provided with a temperature sensor 413 for collecting outdoor air flow temperature data; the side wall of the first air supply channel 41 is provided with a second air supply channel 42, the second air supply channel 42 is provided with an air inlet end 421 and an air outlet end 422, the air inlet end 421 and the air outlet end 422 are communicated with the first air supply channel 41, the first air supply channel 41 and the second air supply channel 42 are respectively provided with a baffle mechanism 43, the driving mechanism 44 drives the baffle mechanisms 43 to move so that the first air supply channel 41 and the second air supply channel 42 are selectively opened or closed, and a heat exchanger 45 for cooling air flow passing through the first air supply channel 41 is arranged between the baffle mechanisms 43 and the air outlet end 422 of the first air supply channel 41.
As shown in fig. 1, the air inlet 421 and the air outlet 422 of the second air supply channel 42 are located between the air supply opening 411 and the air outlet 412,
preferably, as shown in fig. 1, the controller 46 is mounted to the first air supply duct 41. The controller 46 controls the movement of the driving mechanism in direction and distance based on the temperature data acquired by the temperature sensor 413.
As a preferable solution, as shown in fig. 10 and 11, the baffle mechanism 43 includes a fixed baffle 431 and a movable baffle 432, the fixed baffle 431 and the movable baffle 432 being disposed in close proximity to each other, the movable baffle 432 facing the air supply port 411; both the fixed baffle 431 and the movable baffle 432 are provided with openings 433 for air flow to pass through, and when the fixed baffle 431 is overlapped with or partially overlapped with the openings 433 on the movable baffle 432, the air flow is blocked when the fixed baffle 431 is staggered from the openings 433 on the movable baffle 432. Preferably, the fixed baffle 431 and the openings 433 of the movable baffle 432 are uniformly arranged. Preferably, the moving barrier 432 may move up and down, or may move left and right. The fixed baffle 431 and the movable baffle 432 are provided with a plurality of openings 433, which firstly control the opening degree, and secondly have the functions of stabilizing the flow and the pressure, so that the air flow speed is more uniform.
Preferably, the fixed baffle 431 and the openings 433 on the movable baffle 432 have a plurality of openings, the fixed baffle 431 and the openings 433 on the movable baffle 432 have the same size, and the openings 433 are uniformly arranged. By uniform arrangement is meant that the distance between the openings 433 is the same in both the vertical and horizontal directions.
Preferably, the distance between adjacent openings 433 of the fixed barrier 431 is greater than the size of the openings of the moving barrier 432. For example, when the moving shutter 432 moves left and right, the distance between the left and right adjacent openings 433 of the fixed shutter 431 is greater than or equal to the opening size of the moving shutter 432.
Preferably, the first air supply channel 41 and the second air supply channel 42 each include a top plate, a bottom plate 48 and two side plates 49, and the controller is located on the side plate 49 in the first air supply channel 41, as shown in fig. 1.
As shown in fig. 11, the driving mechanism 44 includes a screw 441, a motor 442, a slider 443, and a connecting rod 444, the motor 442 is fixed on the side plate 49, the motor 442 drives the screw 441 to rotate, the screw 441 is provided with the slider 443, the slider 443 moves along the axial direction of the screw 441, one end of the connecting rod 444 is fixed with the slider 443, the other end of the connecting rod 444 is fixed with the movable baffle 432, and the slider 443 drives the movable baffle 432 to move through the connecting rod 444.
Preferably, as shown in fig. 1, the heat exchanger 45 is a plate heat exchanger, a tube-and-fin heat exchanger, or another type of heat exchanger.
As shown in fig. 1, the first air supply duct 41 is preferably provided with an air handler 414 for removing foreign substances from the air. If the air is too contaminated, the piping system is severely affected and many contaminants accumulate at the top of the heat pipe, affecting the heat pipe's life and use.
The working process of the air supply device is as follows: outdoor air enters the air supply outlet 411, the temperature sensor 413 at the air supply outlet 411 transmits collected temperature data to the controller 46, and the controller 46 judges according to the temperature data to control the motor 442 to rotate, so as to control whether the movable barrier 432 moves, the moving distance and the moving direction. The controller is preset with 2 temperatures, namely A and B respectively, wherein the relation between A and B is that A is lower than B, and if the temperature acquired by the temperature sensor is lower than A, the first air supply channel is closed, and the second air supply channel is opened; if the temperature acquired by the temperature sensor is between a and B, the first air supply channel 41 and the second air supply channel 42 have a certain aperture ratio, the aperture ratio is the aperture ratio of the fixed baffle 431 and the aperture of the movable baffle 432, the larger the aperture ratio is, the smaller the aperture ratio is; if the temperature acquired by the temperature sensor 413 is higher than B, the second air supply passage 42 is closed, the first air supply passage 41 is opened, and the air flow passes through the first air supply passage 41, passes through the heat exchanger 45, and cools the air flow. The temperatures A and B are set according to the actual situation.
The embodiments described in the present specification are merely examples of implementation forms of the inventive concept, and the scope of protection of the present invention should not be construed as being limited to the specific forms set forth in the embodiments, and the scope of protection of the present invention and equivalent technical means that can be conceived by those skilled in the art based on the inventive concept.

Claims (6)

1. The sealed hot-aisle cabinet set is characterized in that: the heat exchanger comprises a top plate and a plurality of groups of cabinets, wherein the top plate and the plurality of groups of cabinets form an enclosed space, and the enclosed space comprises a heat channel, a heat exchange area and a collection area; the cooling device comprises a heat pipe, wherein the heat pipe is provided with an evaporation section and a condensation section, and the evaporation section is positioned in the heat exchange area and is inserted into the heat conducting plate; the closed space is provided with an air outlet for discharging cooling air flow and providing the cooling air flow for the cabinet, and the heat channel, the heat exchange area, the collecting area and the air outlet are sequentially communicated;
the plurality of groups of cabinets are sequentially arranged, each cabinet is provided with an air exhaust side and an air inlet side, and the air exhaust side faces the inside of the closed space;
the heat channel, the heat exchange area and the collecting area are coaxially arranged, and the heat exchange area is positioned between the heat channel and the collecting area;
the surface of the heat conducting plate is provided with insertion holes for inserting the evaporation sections of the heat pipes, and the evaporation sections of the heat pipes are inserted on the heat conducting plate through the insertion holes;
the heat conducting plates are arranged in parallel up and down, and gaps are arranged among the heat conducting plates, through which air flows pass.
2. The closed hot aisle enclosure group of claim 1, wherein: the central position of each heat-conducting plate is provided with an exhaust hole through which air flows, and a plurality of exhaust holes are stacked up and down to form a collecting area.
3. The closed hot aisle enclosure group of claim 2, wherein: the collecting area is positioned at the center of the closed space.
4. The closed hot aisle enclosure group of claim 1, wherein: the air outlet is arranged at the top or the bottom of the closed space, the air outlet is provided with a fan, and the fan corresponds to the position of the collecting area.
5. The closed hot aisle enclosure group of claim 1, wherein: and sealing treatment is carried out between the cabinets by smearing sealant and/or additionally installing sealing strips.
6. The closed hot aisle enclosure group of claim 1, wherein: the enclosed space is provided with a door, which is located between the two cabinets.
CN201810616199.9A 2018-06-14 2018-06-14 Enclosed hot channel cabinet set Active CN108668510B (en)

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CN110831407B (en) * 2019-11-06 2020-12-01 上海理工大学 Tower type porous air supply temperature control device for data machine room

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